Beira is the capital and largest city of Sofala Province, where the Pungwe River meets the Indian Ocean, in the central region of Mozambique. It is the fourth-largest city by population in Mozambique, after Maputo and Nampula. Beira had a population of 397,368 in 1997, which grew to 530,604 in 2019. A coastal city, it holds the regionally significant Port of Beira, which acts as a gateway for both the central interior portion of the country as well as the land-locked nations of Zimbabwe and Malawi. Called Chiveve after a local river, it was renamed Beira to honour the Portuguese Crown prince Dom Luís Filipe, who had visited Mozambique in the early 1900s, it was first developed by the Portuguese Mozambique Company in the 19th century, supplanting Sofala as the country's main port. It was directly developed by the Portuguese colonial government from 1947 until Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal in 1975. Beira is the second largest seaport for international cargo transportation to Mozambique after Maputo.
In March 2019, the city was damaged by Cyclone Idai, destroying up to 90% of the city. Beira is located on the Mozambique Channel, an arm of the Indian Ocean located between Madagascar and Mozambique; the city sits north of the mouth of the convergence of two major rivers of Mozambique: the Buzi River and the Pungwe River. The Buzi crosses 250 kilometres across Sofala provinces to form a wide estuary; the Pungwe crosses 400 kilometres from the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe through Manica and Sofala provinces to Beira. The city was established in 1890 by the Portuguese and soon supplanted Sofala as the main port in the Portuguese-administered territory. Called Chiveve, after a local river, it was renamed to honor the Portuguese Crown prince Dom Luís Filipe who, in 1907, was the first member of the Portuguese royal family to visit Mozambique. Traditionally the Portuguese Crown prince carried the title of Prince of Beira, a historical province of mainland Portugal; the Portuguese built the port and a railway to Rhodesia, Portuguese families settled in the newly founded locality and started to develop commercial activities.
With the growth of the village, in 1907 the Portuguese Crown elevated Beira to the status of city. Headquarters of the Companhia de Moçambique from 1891, the city's administration passed from the trading company to the Portuguese government in 1942. In 1966, the construction of a new railway station was completed. Before Mozambique's independence from Portugal, as a city of Portuguese Mozambique, Beira was noted for its well-equipped seaport, one of the major facilities of its kind in all East Africa, tourism and trade; the city prospered as a cosmopolitan port with different ethnic communities employed in administration and industry. A large English-speaking population was the result of being a favourite holiday destination for white Rhodesians. One reminder of this is the Grande Hotel, built by the Portuguese, near the shore of the Indian Ocean. By 1970, the city of Beira had 113,770 inhabitants. After independence from Portugal in 1975, many white ethnic Portuguese left the city. Mozambique was ravaged by a civil war from 1977 to 1992, opposing Marxist FRELIMO, which controlled the government, to the rebels of RENAMO, descending to near total chaos in a couple of years.
The famine and poverty-stricken country collapsed. In Beira, the famous Grande Hotel was occupied by around 1,000 homeless Beirans, by the end of the civil war it was in near-ruins; the 2000 Mozambique flood devastated Beira and the surrounding region, leaving millions homeless and damaging the local economy. During the campaign for the local elections in 2013, which culminated in the victory of the Democratic Movement of Mozambique in the municipality, the Munhava district was the scene of violent clashes between police and supporters of the MDM. In 2019, Cyclone Idai caused extreme devastation in Beira, it struck the city on March 14, 2019, with winds of up to 177 km/h, caused flooding up to six meters deep across Mozambique. Beira features a tropical savanna climate. Average temperature in January is 28.5 °C and in July it's 21 °C. The rainy season runs from November to April. Beira has long been a major trade point for exports coming in and out of Zimbabwe, Malawi and other Southern African nations.
Because of this, the port of Beira is the second largest in Mozambique. The importance of the port was shown during the Mozambique Civil War, when Zimbabwean troops protected the Beira–Bulawayo railway and Beira to Mutare highway in order to continue trade; the railway to Zimbabwe was 610 mm in 1890, but was converted to 1,067 mm in 1900. In 2008, the Mozambique transportation minister, Paulo Zucula, stated that the government is planning on modernizing the Beira and more northern Nacala ports for an estimated cost of $900m; the government has stated that it plans on modernizing surrounding railway and highway infrastructure so that the port is better connected to the nation's mines. There is a ferry service in Beira, linking the city to neighboring cities, including Nova Sofala and other coastal towns. Beira is served by an airport to the northeast of the city, with both domestic and international flights; the city has three public university campuses, namely the Zambeze University, the Licungo University and the Higher Institute of Health Sciences.
One of the major universities here is the Catholic University of Mozambique, established in 1996 by the Catholic church a
The Sahar Elevated Access Road, abbreviated to SEAR, is a dedicated, express access road in Mumbai that connects the Western Express Highway near Hanuman Nagar junction in Vile Parle, with the forecourts of Terminal T2 of the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport. The road improves travel times between the WEH and the airport; the 2.2 km long access road has 2 exit points. The road includes an underpass for vehicles travelling on the WEH and a pedestrian subway; the corridor was developed by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority under its Mumbai Urban Infrastructure Project. The project cost of ₹400.77 crore, approved by the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, was paid by the Central Government, the Government of Maharashtra, the MMRDA, the Mumbai International Airport Limited. In July 2018, parts of the new road were found damaged with potholes due to poor maintenance and seasonal monsoon rains, resulting in slow traffic; the six-lane, signal-free approach road originates near Hanuman Nagar junction in Vile Parle on the Western Express Highway, ends at the forecourts of Terminal T2 of the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.
From the WEH, the road heads east. The corridor continues east over the Indian Airlines Project Road till it reaches the current main approach of the International terminal, where the corridor disperses into ramps which lead to the arrival and departure of the Terminal forecourts; the road has three lanes in each direction. On the WEH end, the project comprises 1,050 metres of elevated road, a 98-metre-long tunnel with ramps measuring 261 metres, three vehicular underpasses each at 48, 22, 30 metres, 641 metres of six-lane at-grade roadway; the plan includes a 48-metre pedestrian underpass on the WEH. The road will have four ramps measuring 2,200 metres on the airport end; the road reduces travel time from the highway to the airport to five minutes from the 30 to 45 minutes it took. Despite the proposed Terminal 2's proximity with Mumbai's arterial Western Express Highway, commuters approaching the terminal had to travel via the congested roads of eastern Andheri before reaching the airport's forecourt.
Commuters had to cross Sambhaji Nagar, Rajaram Wadi, NAD Colony, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Road, Sahar Post and Telegraph Colony, GVK Residential Colony and slow-moving traffic on Sahar road to reach the international terminal. The impending shift of domestic air traffic would make the situation worse during the daytime and the evening-peak traffic hours. To avoid these traffic bottlenecks, an elevated direct corridor by-passing the crowded Chakala, Sahar Road, the Jog flyover areas of Andheri was envisioned; the elevated road was constructed to provide direct access to the international terminal, as well as reduce traffic on the WEH at the Andheri-Kurla road junction. The SEAR had a tunnel incorporated into the design; the project was commissioned in January 2008, the original deadline for completing the entire project was January 2010. The corridor was developed by the MMRDA under its Mumbai Urban Infrastructure Project scheme with Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission funding; the project was funded by the Central Government, the State Government, the MMRDA, the Mumbai International Airport Limited.
The Sahar Elevated Access Road was constructed jointly by the MMRDA and the MIAL. The cost of construction for the MMRDA was ₹377.59 crore, higher than the earlier estimated ₹287.37 crore. The road was built in two parts: the first was a 1.8 km stretch from the WEH to the Hyatt Regency, the second was a 1.5 km stretch from the Hyatt Regency to the airport. The first section cost ₹3.43 billion and was built by the MMRDA, while the second cost ₹2.27 billion and was built by MIAL. The 1,300 metre long elevated road consists of 30 spans of 35-metre-long precast concrete segments erected using a specially fabricated launching girder and strand jack; the pillars measure 2.5 by 2.8 metres at the base. The 27.6-metre deck superstructure is composed of a 9-metre-wide precast central spine and two 9.3-metre cantilever wings on either side connected to the central spine by concrete stitching and transverse pre-stressing methods. The pedestrian, two and three-wheeler underpasses on the Western Express Highway were constructed with pre-cast box cells.
The approaches on either sides were built with reinforced earth walls. The pedestrian and vehicular underpass on Western Express Highway in Vile Parle is 45 metres long, the MIAL underpass on Justice MC Chhagla Road is 48 metres long. A 98.5-metre-long tunnel was constructed at the junction of the corridor with the WEH using the cut and cover method with concrete contiguous piles. The Sahar Elevated Access Road and the new terminal at BOM opened on 12 February 2014. Carrying out construction activities on one of Mumbai's busiest roads, with minimum interference to traffic, was a major challenge. There was no opportunity for diversion of traffic as the deck-width of the bridge was as wide as the road-width below. Frequent VIP movements accessing the airport further compounded the problem; the corridor passes by the Post & Telegraph colony and a few 5-star hotels which
Erika Vogt is a sculptor and video artist. She received her BFA from her MFA from California Institute of the Arts, she is represented at both Simone Subal Gallery in New York City. Vogt uses a range of techniques in order to explore the mutability of images and objects, her installations are suspended from ropes or on moving racks, merging both sculpture, drawing and photography to produce "heterogeneous constellations". Vogt has specified that her background in both feminist and queer video and later in Los Angeles with experimental film has been influential to her work. Vogt's installations can be experienced as cinematic environments, she has a layered quality in her films. There is a lack of permanence in Vogt's images and she experiments with obscuring her video’s content. In Vogt's recent work, she takes as her subject the ritual use and exchange of objects, such as currency, investigates the empathetic relationship between objects and people. At Human Resources Gallery in Chinatown, Los Angeles Vogt filled the upstairs gallery space with 800 panels of plaster titled Sounded Out.
These were stepped on by visitors dissolving into its initial material. Painted money covered the walls in a piece titled Notes on Currency IOU. Vogt has screened and exhibited nationally and internationally including exhibitions at the Hammer Museum, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Centre Pompidou, the Museum of Modern Art, New York, The Contemporary Art Center, Ohio. Solo exhibitions include: Hepworth Wakefield, West Yorkshire, UK.
Björn Anton Cajtoft is a Swedish professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Jönköpings Södra. Cajtoft, the son of a goalkeeper, joined his local club, Bankeryds SK, when he was about five or six years old, he represented the Småland region as a youth in national competitions. In 2008, he was invited to a youth summer camp with Jönköpings Södra, he signed that year, he was promoted to the first-team squad in October 2012, signed a one-year contract, with the intention of being a third-string keeper. He spent the entire 2012 Superettan season on the bench, but made his team debut by playing the full 90 minutes during a win over GAIS on November 2, 2013, during the last match of the 2013 season, he shutout GAIS for a 1-0 win. Following this impressive performance, his contract was extended for two years in December. Cajtoft started the 2014 season as the third-string keeper once again, but injuries to Niklas Helgesson and Damir Mehić made him the first choice for manager Jimmy Thelin. Once again, he proved himself worthy of a starting spot and played in 27 matches between the sticks that year.
The following season, he and Mehic shared goalkeeping duties. Cajtoft appeared in 19 games and recording four shutouts. J-Södra were promoted to Allsvenskan for the 2016 season. Cajtoft made his first division debut during the season opener on April 2 against Kalmar, recording yet another shutout in a 1-0 win, it was J-Södra's first top-division victory in 47 years. Cajtoft was selected to play with the Swedish under-19 team in a friendly against Finland on October 10, 2014 in Uppsala, they lost 1-0. The following month, on November 14, he made his debut for the Swedish U21 team. Facing Cyprus, they tied 1-1, won 5-3 after penalties. In August 2015, Cajtoft was among the 22 players named to the Swedish under-21 team for the 2017 UEFA European Under-21 Championship qualifying tournament; as of May 30, he has been the starting keeper in all five group matches, recording four shutouts. Jönköpings SödraSuperettan: 2015 Anton Cajtoft – UEFA competition record Anton Cajtoft at ESPN FC Anton Cajtoft at SvFF
Cricket Wales is the national governing body of cricket in Wales. It is an umbrella partnership body comprising the Welsh Cricket Association, Glamorgan Cricket, Wales Minor Counties, the Welsh Schools Cricket Association and Sport Wales, it organises competitions up to national level. Cricket Wales is based at Sophia Gardens, Cardiff, it is affiliated with the England and Wales Cricket Board and is one of its Cricket Boards, alongside the English counties. The ECB Association of Cricket Officials has a single association for Wales, one of five regional bodies. Cricket Wales Official website Cricket in Wales
Versailles II: Testament of the King is a video game released in 2001. It was developed by Cryo Interactive Entertainment and co-published by Cryo and Réunion des Musées Nationaux for Windows-based PCs and the Sony PlayStation 2, it is the sequel to the 1996 game Versailles 1685. The game is set in 1700, 15 years after the previous game, at the time of the death of King Charles II; the player assumes the role of Charles-Louis de Farevolles, who turns up at the Court of Louis XIV, with neither influence at Court nor money. A 25 piece orchestra, led by Skip Sempé, performs an hour of music for the game; the game starts in 1700, when the main character Charles-Louis de Faverolles comes back to Versailles after being a page at Grand Ecuries under Monsieur Boisseuil and advanced school, in hopes of becoming a diplomat to Spain, as he wishes to be reunited with Elvira Malaga y Santiago, his childhood sweetheart. The Court is involved in the succession to the throne of Spain since Charles II is ailing and has no heir.
Both France and the Habsburgs hope. In order to launch his diplomatic career in the court, Charles-Louis must encounter different challenges and at first make a few favours for important people. At first, unable to meet his protector Boisseuilh, yet unemployed and short of coin, Charles-Louis is forced to stay at the Pelican Inn, close to the Grand Commun. After few minor adventures, Charles-Louis does a favor to Marquis de Torcy, the Foreign Affairs Minister. Disappointingly it has no impact to his starting career and first experience of surrounding court members is quite unwelcoming. Things go forward as Charles-Louis is acquainted to Lhuillier, the assistant building inspector to François Mansart. However, his new friend involves Charles-Louis in suspicious affair: a guard walks in and Lhuillier hands him a diamond and rushes out in a panic. To make it worse, Charles-Louis loses the diamond by Teetotum game. Next morning, clueless of what happened, Lhuillier introduces Charles-Louis as possible assistant to him and Mansart is in agreement.
Mansart wants Charles-Louis to take Marquis Castel dos Rios, the Spanish Ambassador around the garden of Versailles. The Ambassador is decided to help him; the pleasant mood is disturbed by worried Lhuillier. This is the point, in which the player must decide whether to win back the diamond, or to inform Lhuillier about its loss - the wrong solution may end the game. Lhuillier is under arrest in his room and states that you must give the diamond back to the Dauphin or one of his sons; the Dauphin is in Meudon with two of his sons and only the Duc d'Anjou is in Versailles. He can be found at Encelade garden; the Spanish Ambassador might be the one to give the diamond to the Duc d'Anjou since he is the one in favor at the moment. At the result, Lhuillier is spared for the theft of the Buckle diamond, but is dismissed, Faverolles is given his position. After doing some work in the gardens, Charles-Louis Faverolles is again involved in court intrigues. Charles-Louis is acquainted with mysterious lady in green, whom he had shortly met at the begging of the game.
She gives him a letter and wants to meet at the Ballroom grove to inform him about the secret she overheard visiting Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon. However, reaching her is difficult, as the grove is limited to special visitors only. On the end Prosperine gives him a sealed letter to be burned afterwards; the letter claims that the King Louis XIV of France signed a secret treaty to divide the Spanish kingdoms with England and Holland. The player must decide whether to burn or not burn the letter – the wrong decision will end the game in the game play. Tom Houston of Just Adventure thought. Jihem of JeuxVideo described the title as "easy-gaming" - the gaming equivalent of easy listening. Versailles II Home Page Versailles II: Testament of the King at MobyGames