Beit Shemesh is a city located 30 kilometres west of Jerusalem in Israel's Jerusalem District, with a population of 118,676 in 2018. The history of Beit Shemesh goes back to pre-biblical times; the modern city of Beit Shemesh was founded in 1950. Beit Shemesh means "house of the sun" or "temple of the sun" in Hebrew; the Bronze-Age city was named after the Canaanite sun-goddess Shapash, sometimes called Shemesh, worshipped there in antiquity. The name Beth-Shemesh was shared by two other places in Israel and one more in Egypt. In the Amarna letters Shamash is mentioned several times, along with Addu, as one of the greatest gods: the Pharaoh is "like Addu and Shamash"; the Canaanites of Beit Shemesh named the city after Shapash/Shemesh, the sun-goddess they worshipped. The ruins of the ancient biblical city of the Canaanites and Israelites are located at a site called Tel Beit Shemesh in Modern Hebrew and Tell er-Rumeileh in Arabic, a tell located near the modern city. Beit Shemesh is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in the Book of Joshua, as a city in the territory of the tribe of Judah on the border with the tribe of Dan.
In Joshua 21:16, this city was set aside as one of the 13 Kohanic cities for the priests of the tribe of Levi, the Kohanim. Another city by the same name, Beit Shemesh, is mentioned in Joshua 19:38, being situated in the territory of the tribe of Naphtali; the city located in the territorial bounds of the tribe of Judah is mentioned in the 6th chapter of 1 Samuel as being the first city encountered by the Ark of the Covenant on its way back from Philistia after having been captured by the Philistines in battle. The stone on which the Ark was placed is recorded as still being located there at the time of writing the Books of Samuel. In the King James Version this stone is described as "the great stone of Abel". In 2 Kings 14, Beit Shemesh is again mentioned as being the site of the battle between King Amaziah of Judea and King Jehoash of Israel. After the destruction of much of Judah by Sennacherib in 701 BCE, the city was abandoned for a while, but there seems to have been an attempt by a group of Judahites at resettling Beth Shemesh, judging by the refurbishing of the water reservoir in the 7th century BCE.
However, after the Babylonian conquest of Judah in the early 580s, either the new Babylonian rulers, or the nearby Philistine metropolis of Ekron favoured by them put an end to the initiative by sealing and covering over the vital water reservoir, not uncovered until 2004. During the first Jewish return, at the beginning of the Second Temple period, there was no lasting revival of the city, as opposed to many other places in the vicinity such as Beit Guvrin and others. A monastery and other remains from the Byzantine period have been found on the tell; the small Arab towns of Dayr Aban and Dayr Rafat used rocks for building from Tell er-Rumeileh. In the late 19th century the area was known as'Ain Shems or Khirbet'Ain Shems and was used as a temporary harvest-time residence by local Arabs; the small mosque of Abu Mizar stood there. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the Egyptian army invaded the area and set up a fortified post, called "Mishlat" in Hebrew, on a hill overlooking Beit Shemesh, within the Arab village Dayr Aban.
The post changed hands several times during fighting. The Harel Brigade occupied part of the post for several months, giving rise to the name "the joint post" or the "Mishlat HaMeshutaf", with 60 meters dividing them and the enemy forces; the Mishlat was taken by the Harel force in the Ha-Har offensive, during the night of 19–20 October 1948. Beit Shemesh is the point from which the so-called Convoy of 35 set out to bring provisions to besieged Gush Etzion. On 15 January 1948, a group of 38 Palmach volunteers left Hartuv near Beit Shemesh. After one member of the group sprained his ankle and returned, accompanied by two others, the group, now numbering 35, continued on its way, their presence was discovered by two Arab women who encountered two scouts of the group near Surif.. The Convoy of 35 was subsequently killed in fighting with Arab villagers and militiamen. On 6 December 1950, the Hartuv displaced persons camp "Ma'abarat Har-Tuv" was established on the site of the current-day Moshav Naham.
The first inhabitants were Jewish Bulgarian immigrants. They were joined by more Jewish immigrants from Bulgaria, Iraq, Romania and Kurdistan. In 1952 the first permanent houses were built in Beit Shemesh. Prior to 1948 the Ramat Beit Shemesh neighborhood area was the site belonging to the Arab village Bayt Nattif; this village was built on remnants of an ancient Judean town, with various remnants of Jewish settlement from the time, such as a mosaic floor and other remains from the period of the Hasmonean kings and earlier. This area is under dispute about preservation, having been the subject of a grassroots campaign. In its early years, Beit Shemesh came to typify the "Development Town" with a North African immigrant population. In 1977, following a writeup in Haaretz newspaper, Beit Shemesh was perceived as the main outpost for Menachem Begin's Likud party, he promised to rehabilitate neighborhoods and when Likud came to power that year, investment in the city increased. The Israel Police maintains a bomb disposal specialist training center in Beit Shemesh.
When the city was built in the 1950s, it
Jose Casiano Portilla is a former American football offensive tackle who played two seasons with the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League. He first enrolled at Ricks College before transferring to the University of Arizona, he attended MacArthur High School in Texas. Portilla was a member of the Los Angeles Xtreme of the XFL. Portilla was born on September 11, 1972 in Zaragoza and moved to the Houston, Texas area when he was six years old, he played high school football for the MacArthur High School Generals and was an all-district selection. Portilla first played college football for the Ricks Vikings; the team only lost one game in his two years there. Portilla transferred to play for the Arizona Wildcats from 1996 to 1997, he was a two-year starter for the Wildcats, earning 1st Team Pac-10 All-Academic his senior year in 1997. He was named to the Hula Bowl. Portilla signed with the Atlanta Falcons in 1998 after going undrafted in the 1998 NFL Draft, he played in all sixteen regular season games and three post season games, including the NFC Championship Game and Super Bowl XXXIII, during his rookie season.
He played in four games for the Falcons in 1999. Portilla was released by the Falcons before the start of the 2000 season. Portilla played for the Los Angeles Xtreme in 2001. Just Sports Stats
Holger Simon Paulli was a Danish conductor and composer. Paulli composed an opera, thirteen ballets, an overture, pieces for violin and lieder. Paulli was born in Denmark, he was a student of violinist and composer Claus Schall and of classical composer Frederik Thorkildsen Wexschall. During 1839-41, he undertook a study trip abroad to Germany, Italy and England. In 1849 he became concertmaster, he joined the Royal Danish Orchestra and became its conductor in 1864, a position he filled for 20 years until the end of the 1882-1883 season. At the same time, he conducted the orchestra of the Cecilia Association. With his performances of Lohengrin and Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg he contributed to the spread of Richard Wagner's work in Denmark. Paulli was a member of the management of the Copenhagen Conservatory from 1866 and was chairman of the Chamber Music Association during 1868-91, he conducted the Royal Danish Orchestra in the world premiere of Edvard Grieg's Piano Concerto in A minor, in the Casino Concert Hall in Copenhagen on 3 April 1869.
The soloist was Norwegian pianist Edmund Neupert. In 1842, Paulli married Nielsine Albertha Schouw, their daughter Augusta Paulli was an artist. Paulli was buried in Assistens Cemetery. Works by or about Holger Simon Paulli at Internet Archive
Last Stop Suburbia is Allister's third release on Drive-Thru Records, released on October 8, 2002. The band planned to enter the studio in December; the band was in the studio from February 18, 2002 and planned to finish on March 18. Instead, the band finished recording on May 9. Planned for a June release, before being pushed back to August early September due mixing delays. Between late June and mid-August, the group went on the 2002 edition of Warped Tour. Last Stop Suburbia was released on October 8, 2002 through Drive-Thru. Between late August and October 2003, the group performed on the Drive-Thru Records 2003 Invasion Tour. Last Stop Suburbia charted at number 9 on the Billboard Heatseekers Albums chart; the album would go on to sell 80,000 copies. Reviewing the album for AllMusic, Kurt Morris said the album was full of "upbeat, poppy songs" matched with "nice melodies and songs about girls and rock & roll." Morris said it was "typical Drive-Thru Records pop-punk" fodder. BuzzFeed included the album at number 30 on their "36 Pop Punk Albums You Need To Hear Before You F——ing Die" list.
"Scratch" – 3:11 "Radio Player" – 3:25 "Flypaper" – 2:12 "Overrated" – 2:25 "Better Late Than Forever" – 2:40 "The One That Got Away" – 1:41 "Racecars" – 2:39 "Matchsticks" – 2:04 "Camouflage" – 2:14 "Don't Think Twice" – 2:52 "Somewhere on Fullerton" – 2:39 "Westbound" – 2:14 "Know It All" – 1:45 "Stuck" – 1:55 "Waiting for You" – 2:29 "None of My Friends Are Punks" – 2:34 Allister Tim Rogner - Lead and Backing Vocals, Guitar Scott Murphy - Lead and Backing Vocals, Bass John Hamada - Lead and Backing Vocals, Guitar David Rossi - DrumsProduction Chris Fudurich - Producer, Engineer Steve Evetts - Mixer Stephen Marcussen - MasteringAdditional Musicians Ariel Rechstaid - Guitar on Track 15
Jonny Dodge is a British F1, events and aviation entrepreneur, founder of the Dodgeball Rally. Dodge was born in Dorset, grew up in Wincanton, England, he is the son of a furniture maker. Dodge gained a first class Hons Degree in Product Design at The University of Plymouth, followed by a master's degree at Central St. Martins College of Art and Design in London in the early 2000s. After graduation Dodge went on to organise a boat rally called The BladeRun, he went on to work on the Gumball 3000, invested in the Mayfair based nightclub Aura Mayfair with his business partner Tony Fernandes. In January 2011, Madonna held talk on investing in the club after her numerous visits and meetings with owners. Dodgeball Rally is a bi-annual supercar rally in several European countries. Dodge founded Concours d'Elegance at the Hurlingham Club, hosted parties with celebrities such as Jimmy Choo Dodge's F1 career started in 2010 when he put on Grand Prix Ball at Hurlingham Club prior to the British Grand Prix at Silverstone, his company GP Management ran F1 Rocks parties in several countries, with artists such as Eminem, Jessie J, Jay Kay.
Dodge is married to British entrepreneur and angel investor Cassandra Jayne Harris following their wedding at Winchester Cathedral on 22 October 2016. Official website
On three days before and during Ramadan, 2015, four attacks struck Chad's capital N'Djamena. Three suicide attacks against two police targets killed 33 people on 15 June, five policemen and six terrorists were killed during a police raid on 27 Jun, a suicide bomber killed 15 in N'Djamena's main market, on 11 July. Chad, long affected by Boko Haram, intervened militarily by attacking insurgent-held towns in Northern Nigeria, in early 2015; the economic disruption caused by the lawlessness in Borno State and the Extrême-Nord of Cameroon had affected the country. Thus Chad's and Niger's militaries, with the approval of their neighbour, made forays across their borders into Nigeria. In 2015, an agreement was made that Benin, Chad and Nigeria would join in military coalition against the Boko Haram insurgency, under the Multinational Joint Task Force. In January 2015, the headquarters of the MNJTF in Baga had been overrun by Boko Haram, a rather ignominious moment for the Force; the sacking of the Headquarters in Baga preceded what has been referred to as the 2015 Baga massacre.
As part of the 2015 MNJTF agreement, Chad committed to hosting a new headquarters in N'Djamena. Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari has held talks in N'Djamena about forming a new coalition with Benin of 8,700 troops; as a result of this Chad became an explicit target for Boko Haram. Threats were made in several videos in early 2015. 15 June 2015 The near simultaneous suicide bombings outside a police headquarters and police academy killed 33 people, wounded over 100 others. The first, at the Police Headquarters, a motorcyclist blew himself up; the second, at the Police Academy, involved two attacks at the same location. Chad's government accused Boko Haram of the attack, which remained unclaimed until 8 July, when Boko Haram revealed its responsibility, under the name Islamic State's West Africa Province 27 June 2015 During a police raid, a result of the investigation into the bombings of 15 June, suspected terrorists detonated explosives, killing five policemen and six terrorists. Injuries were not reported.
The police subsequently announced 60 arrests and the destruction of the cell, responsible for the 15 June attacks.11 July 2015 Around 0830, a suicide bomber, believed to be a man dressed in a burqa, triggered his explosives when stopped for a security control at the south door of N'Djamena's main market. 15 were killed and at least 80 injured. A spokesman for the Chad's government, Jean-Bernard Padaré, "They wanted to test us," Mr. Padaré said. "But it shows. They thought it would hurt our morale, but it only confirms our will to eradicate them." French president François Hollande said "There is no doubt that Boko Haram is responsible and will be brought to justice for this new humanitarian horror." UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon condemned the attacks and praised Chad "for its courageous role in the fight against Boko Haram". After the 15 June attack, Chad's government banned the full face veil. In early August 2015, the parliament reinstated the death penalty for terrorism. On 21 July 2015, Condé Nast published an article that suggested now was a great a time to visit Chad, rather controversially, that the worst that might happen was "having wallet stolen in N'Djamena's market".
The article was retracted soon after. 2015 West African offensive 2015 Baga massacre Multinational Joint Task Force