Hampden County, Massachusetts
Hampden County is a non-governmental county located in the Pioneer Valley of the state of Massachusetts, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, Hampden County's population was 463,490; as of 2017, Hampden County's estimated population was 469,818. Its traditional county seat is Springfield, the Connecticut River Valley's largest city, economic and cultural capital. Hampden County was split from Hampshire County in 1812, because Northampton, was made Hampshire County's "shire town" in 1794, it was named for John Hampden. To the north of Hampden County is modern-day Hampshire County. Hampden County is part of MA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is the most urban county in Western Massachusetts. The Knowledge Corridor surrounding Springfield-Hartford is New England's second most populous urban area with 1.9 million people. Like an increasing number of Massachusetts counties, Hampden County exists today only as a historical geographic region, has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1998.
The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council, county commission or other county governing body. Communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. Hampden County and Hampshire County together are part of the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 634 square miles, of which 617 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water. Hampshire County Worcester County Tolland County, Connecticut Hartford County, Connecticut Litchfield County, Connecticut Berkshire County Agawam Chicopee Holyoke Palmer Springfield West Springfield Westfield Blandford Chester Holland Monson Center Russell Wilbraham The following are neighborhoods located in Springfield or West Springfield. Springfield Armory National Historic Site As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 463,490 people, 179,927 households, 115,961 families residing in the county.
The population density was 751.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 192,175 housing units at an average density of 311.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.5% white, 9.0% black or African American, 2.0% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 9.2% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20.9% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: 17.9% Puerto Rican 17.4% Irish 12.7% French 11.0% Polish 10.8% Italian 8.8% English 6.0% German 5.5% French Canadian 2.6% American 2.2% Portuguese 2.0% Scottish 1.6% Russian 1.4% West Indian 1.3% Scotch-Irish 1.1% SwedishOf the 179,927 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families, 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 38.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,724 and the median income for a family was $61,061. Males had a median income of $50,207 versus $37,765 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,718. About 13.2% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over. The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampden County, Massachusetts Registry of Deeds Tofu Curtain USS Hampden County Carvalho III, Joseph. "Black Families in Hampden County, Massachusetts: 1650–1865 ". Historic Journal of Massachusetts. Westfield State University. Archived from the original on March 11, 2019. Copeland, Alfred. "Our county and its people": a history of Hampden County, Massachusetts.
Boston: Century Memorial Pub. Co. OCLC 3075222. Johnson, Clifton. Hampden county, 1636-1936. New York: American Historical Society. OCLC 9479870. CS1 maint: year The Leading Citizens of Hampden County, Massachusetts. Boston: Biographical Review Publishing Company. 1895. Wright, Harry Andrew, ed.. Indian Deeds of Hampden County. Springfield, Mass. Hampden County District Attorney's Office Hampden County Probate Court Hampden County Superior Court Hampden County Registry of Deeds Hampden County Sheriff's Office
New Salem, Massachusetts
New Salem is a town in Franklin County, United States. The population was 990 at the 2010 census, it is part of Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. New Salem was first settled in 1737 and was incorporated in 1753, named for the settlers from Salem that founded the town. New Salem benefited by the building of the Quabbin Reservoir - though geographically. Prior to its building, New Salem, which has always been the southeast corner of Franklin County, did not extend much further south than the village of Cooleyville, now along U. S. Route 202. However, with the forming of the reservoir, the town received all lands above the water line between the two forks of the reservoir, as it was the only land connection to the peninsula. With its southern borders now following former branches of the Swift River, New Salem now includes most of the former town of Prescott, parts of Greenwich and Enfield. All the lands gained by the annexation were once part of Hampshire County. Today most of the lands it gained are off-limits, protected as part of the Quabbin Reservation, administered by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation & Recreation.
The Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory, until 2011, lay along what was once the Prescott-Greenwich town line, researchers from the Five Colleges were allowed access to it. Additionally, members of the Swift River Historical Society take a yearly tour of the area in the peninsula by bus. No other access is permitted. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.6 square miles, of which 44.8 square miles is land and 13.9 square miles, or 23.69%, is water. Because of the lands of the Prescott Peninsula, New Salem is the largest town by area in Franklin County and the largest community by area in western Massachusetts, it is the twenty-first largest of 351 towns in the Commonwealth. New Salem's modern southern town lines are dictated by the former West and Middle Branches of the Swift River, which are now submerged as part of the Quabbin Reservoir; the land of the two forks of the reservoir is now known as the Prescott Peninsula, containing the highest points in town, at Mount Pleasant and Prescott Hill.
The town owns several islands in the reservoir as well, including those around Russ Mountain and Mount L. Much of the original town land was high ground, sloping down eastward towards the marshes near Lake Rohunta, along the Athol town line. A small section of state forest is located near this lake, with other small sections scattered in the western part of the former town. New Salem lies at the southeastern corner of Franklin Valley, with its lands extending southward between Hampshire County and Worcester County; the town is bordered by Orange to the north, Athol to the northeast, Petersham to the east, Ware to the south, Belchertown to the southeast, Pelham and Wendell to the west. Because of the reservoir, there is no land link between Pelham, Belchertown or Ware. From the town common, New Salem lies 19 miles east-southeast of the county seat of Greenfield, 35 miles north-northeast of Springfield, 40 miles northwest of Worcester and 75 miles west of Boston; the town has no interstates or limited-access highways, lying just south of Massachusetts Route 2, the major east–west route through northern Massachusetts.
Its easiest access lies along U. S. Route 202, which runs from Pelham in the west and through the town's center before heading north into Orange and towards Route 2. For the last half-mile the route is in New Salem, it is concurrent with Massachusetts Route 122, which enters New Salem through Petersham, heading northwest towards Route 202 before both enter Orange and split shortly thereafter; the nearest general aviation airport is Orange Municipal Airport to the north, the nearest national air service can be reached at Bradley International Airport in Connecticut, some 50 miles south of town. As of the census of 2000, there were 929 people, 379 households, 264 families residing in the town; the population density was 20.7 people per square mile. There were 422 housing units at an average density of 9.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.48% White, 0.75% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.32% from other races, 2.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.
There were 379 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,688, the median income for a family was $54,500. Males had a median income of $38,000 versus $27,188 for females; the per capita income for the town was $23,234. Abo
The Quabbin Reservoir is the largest inland body of water in Massachusetts, was built between 1930 and 1939. Today, along with the Wachusett Reservoir, it is the primary water supply for Boston, some 65 miles to the east as well as 40 other communities in Greater Boston, it supplies water to three towns west of the reservoir and acts as backup supply for three others. It has an aggregate capacity of an area of 38.6 square miles. Quabbin Reservoir water flows to the Wachusett Reservoir using the Quabbin Aqueduct; the Quabbin watershed is managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, while the water supply system is operated by the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. The Winsor Dam and the Goodnough Dike form the reservoir from impoundments of the three branches of the Swift River; the Quabbin Reservoir is part of the Chicopee River Watershed, which in turn feeds the Connecticut River. The Quabbin Spillway, which follows part of Quabbin Hill Road in Belchertown, allows water to bypass the Winsor Dam and join the Swift River when the reservoir is full.
In 1947, the Massachusetts Legislature authorized the construction of the Chicopee Valley Aqueduct to deliver Quabbin water to three communities in Western Massachusetts: Chicopee, South Hadley, Wilbraham. In 1951, with the Quabbin-Wachusett system sufficient to meet foreseeable needs, the Cochituate Aqueduct was abandoned, the Framingham Reservoir system was placed on emergency stand-by; the present Lake Cochituate is the so-called Framingham Reservoir and now serves as a major swimming and boating resource but is no longer part of the potable water supply. Metropolitan Boston's demands for fresh water began to outstrip its local supplies in the early part of the nineteenth century. Many possible sources of water were explored, including groundwater and rivers, but none were considered adequate in quantity and cleanliness to meet the needs of the growing city. After several years of controversy, the Massachusetts General Court authorized the construction of the Cochituate Aqueduct to bring water to Boston from Lake Cochituate in Wayland and Natick.
This established three important policies, which remain in force today: Public, rather than private, ownership of the public water supply system. Use of upland reservoirs, with gravity-fed rather than pumped supply systems. Watershed protection, rather than filtration, as the primary mechanism of ensuring wholesome supplies. By 1875, with demand again on the verge of exceeding supply, the Boston Water Board was established to take over the operations of the Cochituate Water Board, construct five new reservoirs on the Sudbury River in Framingham, a new Sudbury Aqueduct to deliver that water to the city. In 1895, the Massachusetts Board of Health issued a report analyzing population and water-use trends, recommended the creation of a Metropolitan Water District, serving several suburban communities in addition to Boston, the construction of two new reservoirs: one on the Nashua River northeast of Worcester, one in the Swift River Valley; the General Court acted to establish the Metropolitan Water District, including 26 communities within ten miles of the Massachusetts State House in 1895.
The Wachusett Reservoir was completed in 1908. The Board of Health study had anticipated that Swift River water would be required by 1915, but this prediction had proven overly pessimistic; the introduction of mandatory water metering in Water District communities, other efforts to reduce waste and inefficient uses, made it possible to delay construction of new water sources until the 1930s. Frank E. Winsor was chief engineer for the Metropolitan Water District from 1926 until his death in 1939, he was involved in the design and construction of Winsor Dam, Goodnough Dike and the Quabbin Reservoir. Winsor Dam is named for him, he had been chief engineer for the building of the Scituate Reservoir in Rhode Island. A 1922 study endorsed the Swift River Valley as the next extension of the water system and created the Metropolitan District Commission, now the Massachusetts Water Resource Authority, to oversee the construction and maintain the system after its completion. In 1926, construction began on the first stage of the project, a tunnel connecting Wachusett Reservoir with the Ware River.
This is called the Ware River Diversion. During the 1930s, this tunnel was extended to the Swift River; the complete tunnel is now known as the Quabbin Aqueduct. Although the project was enthusiastically supported by lawmakers in the Boston area, it was opposed by residents of the affected towns; the state of Connecticut sued Massachusetts, claiming waters that were rightfully meant to flow into the Connecticut River, subsequently through their state, were being illegally diverted. The lawsuit was unsuccessful, but Massachusetts was still bound by discharge minimums set under the regulatory authority of the Secretary of War over navigable waters. Before the reservoir’s construction, there was a hill in Enfield called Quabbin Hill and a lake in Greenwich called Quabbin Lake. Named for a Native American chief called Nani-Quaben, meaning "place of many waters", these became the basis for naming the new reservoir; the Quabbin was formed by inundating the Swift River Valley, a drainage basin lying within the state, by damming the river and a col, through which Beaver Brook would have otherwise provided another outlet for its water.
When construction on the dam began in the mid-1930s, the Swift River was redirected from its riverbed through a diversion tunnel. On August 14, 1939, that tunnel was sealed with rock. Over the next seven years, the waters of the Quabbin Reservoir
Palmer is a city in Hampden County, United States. The population was 12,140 at the 2010 census, it is part of Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. Palmer adopted a home rule charter in 2004 with a council-manager form of government. Palmer is one of thirteen Massachusetts municipalities that have applied for, been granted, city forms of government but wish to retain "The town of” in their official names; the villages of Bondsville, Depot Village, Three Rivers are located in the town. Palmer is composed of four separate and distinct villages: Depot Village referred to as "Palmer", Three Rivers, Bondsville; the villages began to develop their distinctive characters in the 18th century, by the 19th century two rail lines and a trolley line opened the town to population growth. Today, each village has its own post office, all but Thorndike have their own fire station. Palmer was a part of Brimfield but separated after being too far from Brimfield. Palmer's first settler was John King. King was born in Edwardstone, Suffolk and built his home in 1716 on the banks of the Quaboag River.
The area as known was called "The Elbow Tract". In 1731, a deed to land in today's Palmer renamed the town'New Marlborough' after Marlborough, Massachusetts, in today's Middlesex County. In 1731, residents of the borough renamed the town'Kingsfield', after the aforementioned John King. Though in some papers in the Massachusetts General Court, it was referred to as the Elbow. A large group of Scots-Irish Presbyterians followed, arriving in 1727. In 1752, it was named Palmer after Chief Justice Palmer. In 1775, Massachusetts incorporated Palmer. Depot Village became Palmer's main commercial and business center during the late 19th century and remains so today. Palmer's industry developed in Bondsville. During the 18th century and grist mills were established by the rivers, by 1825 Palmer woolen mills began to produce textiles; the Blanchard Scythe Factory, Wright Wire Woolen Mills, the Holden-Fuller Woolen Mills developed major industrial capacity, constructed large amounts of workers' housing. By 1900, Boston Duck had over 500 employees in the town.
The 20th century brought about a shift of immigrants in Palmer from those of French and Scottish origin to those of Polish and French-Canadian extraction. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.0 square miles, of which 31.5 square miles are land and 0.5 square mile is water. The town is bordered by Ludlow and Wilbraham on the southwest, Belchertown on the northwest, Ware on the northeast, Warren on the east, Brimfield on the southeast, Monson on the south; as of the census of 2000, there were 12,497 people, 5,078 households, 3,331 families residing in the town. The population density was 396.3 people per square mile. There were 5,402 housing units at an average density of 171.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.82% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.44% from other races, 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population. There were 5,078 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families.
28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01. In the town the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $41,443, the median income for a family was $49,358. Males had a median income of $35,748 versus $26,256 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,664. About 5.8% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over. The New England Region of the Sports Car Club of America has reached an agreement with the Town of Palmer to construct a new road course near their town.
Palmer Motorsports Park will operate along a similar vein as Buttonwillow Raceway Park in California, in that it will be owned and operated by a limited liability corporation formed by New England Region. This effort is to ensure that NER would have its own "flagship" racetrack, as the two tracks it uses – New Hampshire Motor Speedway and Lime Rock Park in Connecticut – are used by NASCAR; the benefits to the town would include upwards of $50,000 a year in property income taxes and increased business at local gas stations, restaurants and retail stores. Palmer Motor Sports Park opened for racing in May 2015, it is a 2.3 mile road course with over 190 feet in elevation change. Road & Track magazine named Palmer Motorsports Park one of the top 10 racetracks to drive in North America; the Quaboag Hills Chamber of Commerce is headquartered in Palmer and is the advocate for business and community development in the Quaboag Valley area by providing the 200+ members with a voice in political and economic issues.
The town of Palmer is served by three schools. Old Mill Pond Elementary School serves grades K through 5 and Palmer High School serves grades 6 through 1
Greenwich was a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. The town was lost as a result of the formation of the Quabbin Reservoir in order to supply Boston's growing water needs. Greenwich was established in 1739 as Quabbin, incorporated as Quabbin Parish in 1754, became the town of Greenwich in 1754, it was located along the Middle branches of the Swift River. The Athol Branch of the Boston and Albany Railroad ran through the center of town, as did Route 21, it was well known for its ponds, which were popular vacation spots. It bordered four towns—Enfield, Prescott and Hardwick. Greenwich was disincorporated on April 1938, as part of the creation of the Quabbin Reservoir. Upon disincorporation, portions of the town were annexed to the adjacent towns of Hardwick, New Salem and Ware; because most of Greenwich was at lower elevation than the surrounding towns, it is now submerged, except for the hilltops of Curtis Hill, Mount Lizzie and Mount Pomeroy, which are now islands. Dana Enfield PrescottGreenwich, Massachusetts Mason C.
Darling and Wisconsin physician, legislator Joseph Pomeroy Root, Free Stater, first Lieutenant Governor of Kansas Randolph Barnes Marcy, Major General, U. S. Army, Civil War Amiel Weeks Whipple, Major General, U. S. Army. Tougias, Michael. Quabbin: A History and Explorer's Guide. Yarmouth Port, Mass.: On Cape Publications, 2002. Media related to Records, 1734-1916 at Wikimedia Commons Map showing the towns buried under Quabbin as they looked in 1912, with original house locations and current reservoir water level
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999; the city is the economic and cultural anchor of a larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area, this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States. Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States, founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England, it was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Siege of Boston.
Upon gaining U. S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture. The city has expanded beyond the original peninsula through land reclamation and municipal annexation, its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year. Boston's many firsts include the United States' first public park, first public or state school and first subway system; the Boston area's many colleges and universities make it an international center of higher education, including law, medicine and business, the city is considered to be a world leader in innovation and entrepreneurship, with nearly 2,000 startups. Boston's economic base includes finance and business services, information technology, government activities. Households in the city claim the highest average rate of philanthropy in the United States; the city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States as it has undergone gentrification, though it remains high on world livability rankings.
Boston's early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine but renamed it Boston after Boston, England, the origin of several prominent colonists. The renaming on September 7, 1630, was by Puritan colonists from England who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest for fresh water, their settlement was limited to the Shawmut Peninsula, at that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River and connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as 5000 BC. In 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colony's first governor John Winthrop led the signing of the Cambridge Agreement, a key founding document of the city. Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history. Over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America. Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century.
Boston's oceanfront location made it a lively port, the city engaged in shipping and fishing during its colonial days. However, Boston stagnated in the decades prior to the Revolution. By the mid-18th century, New York City and Philadelphia surpassed Boston in wealth. Boston encountered financial difficulties as other cities in New England grew rapidly. Many of the crucial events of the American Revolution occurred near Boston. Boston's penchant for mob action along with the colonists' growing distrust in Britain fostered a revolutionary spirit in the city; when the British government passed the Stamp Act in 1765, a Boston mob ravaged the homes of Andrew Oliver, the official tasked with enforcing the Act, Thomas Hutchinson the Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. The British sent two regiments to Boston in 1768 in an attempt to quell the angry colonists; this did not sit well with the colonists. In 1770, during the Boston Massacre, the army killed several people in response to a mob in Boston.
The colonists compelled the British to withdraw their troops. The event was publicized and fueled a revolutionary movement in America. In 1773, Britain passed the Tea Act. Many of the colonists saw the act as an attempt to force them to accept the taxes established by the Townshend Acts; the act prompted the Boston Tea Party, where a group of rebels threw an entire shipment of tea sent by the British East India Company into Boston Harbor. The Boston Tea Party was a key event leading up to the revolution, as the British government responded furiously with the Intolerable Acts, demanding compensation for the lost tea from the rebels; this led to the American Revolutionary War. The war began in the area surrounding Boston with the Battles of Concord. Boston itself was besieged for a year during the Siege of Boston, which began on April 19, 1775; the New England militia impeded the movement of the British Army. William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe the commander-in-chief of the British forces in North America, led the British army in the siege.
On June 17, the British captured the Charlestown peninsula in Boston, during the Battle of Bunker Hill. The British army outnumbered the militia stationed there, but it was a Py
Granby is a town in Hampshire County, United States. The population was 6,240 at the 2010 census, it is part of Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The census-designated place of Granby corresponds to the main village of Granby in the center of the town. Granby was once part of Hadley. Granby was first settled in 1727 and was incorporated in 1768; the town is named in honor of Marquess of Granby, a hero of the Seven Years' War. Granby was part of the Hadley Equivalent Lands, part of South Hadley, before being incorporated on June 11, 1768. Old Hadley was first settled in 1659 by people from Wethersfield, Connecticut; these settlers left Connecticut because of religious differences within their communities. John Pynchon was commissioned to buy wilderness land for their new community. Pynchon purchased the land from three Native American chiefs: Chickwallop and Quontquont. Ownership was confirmed by the General Court; these original boundaries include part of present-day Granby. Granby is one of only three towns in Massachusetts whose local telephone service is not furnished by the former Bell System.
The other two such towns are Hancock, both in Berkshire County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.1 square miles, of which 27.8 square miles are land and 0.27 square miles, or 0.92%, are water. Granby is bordered by South Hadley to the west, Amherst to the north, Belchertown to the east, Ludlow and Chicopee to the south. Two highways pass through the town: U. S. Route 202 runs eastward though town from South Hadley to Belchertown on East State Street and West State Street, while Route 116 runs northeastward from South Hadley to Amherst along Amherst Road. Granby is 13 miles north of Springfield, the largest city in western Massachusetts; the Holyoke Range is in the northern part of Granby. Major peaks within the town are Mount Norwottuck. Norwottuck is the highest point in town at 1,106 feet above sea level; the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail runs along this mountain range. The Horse Caves are geological ledges along this trail; the public school system in Granby consists of West Street Elementary, East Meadow, Granby Jr/Sr High School.
Grades pre-K to 3 take place in West Street, grades 4–6 take place in East Meadow, grades 7–12 take place in Granby Jr/Sr High School. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,132 people, 2,247 households, 1,662 families residing in the town; the population density was 220.1 people per square mile. There were 2,295 housing units at an average density of 82.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.77% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population. There were 2,247 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.0% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $54,293, the median income for a family was $57,632. Males had a median income of $40,833 versus $30,597 for females; the per capita income for the town was $23,209. About 1.0% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over. Granby Bow & Gun Club Madeleine Blais, Pulitzer Prize winner, Zepp's Last Stand Charles Burchard, Wisconsin legislator Abbie E. C. Lathrop, mouse fancier-breeder and accidental early pioneer in genetic research Jesse Richards, artist and filmmaker and former member of the Stuckism art group. Town of Granby official website Granby Public Schools Melissa's Guide to Granby, MA Granby Bow & Gun Club