East Anglian Daily Times
The East Anglian Daily Times is a British local newspaper for Suffolk and Essex, based in Ipswich. It started publication on 13 October 1874, incorporating the Ipswich Express, the current editor is Terry Hunt. The East Anglian Daily Times merged news operations with the Ipswich Star in 2010, under the stewardship of chief executive of Archant Suffolk, the paper is published daily from Monday to Saturday in four regional editions, West Suffolk, North Suffolk, East Suffolk and Essex. In the period December 2010-June 2011, it had a daily circulation of 29,932. The East Anglian Daily Times Company merged with Eastern Counties Newspapers in the 1960s, the group is now part of Archant
Belfast City Centre
Belfast City Centre is the central business district of Belfast, Northern Ireland. The city centre was originally centred on the Donegall Street area, the Roman Catholic cathedral St. Peters is located a little to the west of the city centre. Two of Belfasts three main newspapers - The Belfast Telegraph and The Irish News are located nearby, the city centre is now centred on Donegall Square, Donegall Place, Royal Avenue, Castle Junction, High Street and surrounding streets and alleys. Over the past decade the city Centre has seen expansive redevelopment, the Laganside Development includes the landmark Waterfront Hall, BT Tower, Hilton Hotel, Odyssey Complex and various riverside apartment complexes. The Gasworks Business Park is owned by Belfast City Council and managed by the Councils Estates Management Unit, the site contains commercial offices, call centres, small business units, cafés & restaurants, the Radisson Hotel and an award winning public landscaped park. The Gasworks has been recognised as a key example of brownfield regeneration in Europe and has won numerous awards in relation to all aspects of its development.
The initial phase is now almost complete and the City Council are currently preparing a plan in preparation for the commencement of Phase II development. Victoria Square is a commercial and leisure development in Belfast developed, at approx 800,000 ft² and costing £400m it is the biggest and one of the most expensive property developments ever undertaken in Northern Ireland. It opened on March 6,2008 and its anchor tenant at nearly 200,000 ft² is the largest House of Fraser that the retailer has opened in the UK. In March 2006, the government gave the go-ahead for a regeneration of a run-down part of Belfast city centre, in the Cathedral Quarter. Plans include a new shopping centre, anchored by a department store, the project will not be completed until 2011. It is estimated that 1,000 people will help build the development and 2,000 will be employed there, georges Church, High Street St. Belfast Great Victoria Street Botanic Belfast Central Yorkgate Charles Lanyon
London /ˈlʌndən/ is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain and it was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. Londons ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1. 12-square-mile medieval boundaries. London is a global city in the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism. It is crowned as the worlds largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world, London is a world cultural capital. It is the worlds most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the worlds largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic, London is the worlds leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. Londons universities form the largest concentration of education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted the modern Summer Olympic Games three times, London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.
Its estimated mid-2015 municipal population was 8,673,713, the largest of any city in the European Union, Londons urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The citys metropolitan area is the most populous in the EU with 13,879,757 inhabitants, the city-region therefore has a similar land area and population to that of the New York metropolitan area. London was the worlds most populous city from around 1831 to 1925, Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Pauls Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world, the etymology of London is uncertain. It is an ancient name, found in sources from the 2nd century and it is recorded c.121 as Londinium, which points to Romano-British origin, and hand-written Roman tablets recovered in the city originating from AD 65/70-80 include the word Londinio. The earliest attempted explanation, now disregarded, is attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae and this had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
From 1898, it was accepted that the name was of Celtic origin and meant place belonging to a man called *Londinos. The ultimate difficulty lies in reconciling the Latin form Londinium with the modern Welsh Llundain, which should demand a form *lōndinion, from earlier *loundiniom. The possibility cannot be ruled out that the Welsh name was borrowed back in from English at a date, and thus cannot be used as a basis from which to reconstruct the original name. Until 1889, the name London officially applied only to the City of London, two recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area
Sunday Independent (Ireland)
The Sunday Independent is an Irish populist Sunday newspaper broadsheet published by Independent News & Media plc, under the control of Denis OBrien. It is the Sunday edition of the Irish Independent, and maintains a position midway between magazine and tabloid. The Sunday Independent was first published in 1905 as the Sunday edition of the Irish Independent, following the creation of the Irish Free State, the Sunday Independent followed its daily counterparts political line by supporting Cumann na nGaedheal and its successor Fine Gael. From the 1940s until 1970, the paper was run by Hector Legge, Legge published a series of articles by the writer Frank OConnor in the paper. In the 1970s, under the editorship of Conor OBrien, the Sunday Independent became known for a series of investigations by journalist Joe MacAnthony into the activities of the Irish Sweepstakes, OBrien was succeeded as editor in 1976 by Michael Hand. Aengus Fanning became editor following Hands departure in 1984, Anne Harris succeeded her husband Aengus Fanning after his death in January 2012.
Cormac Bourke, the executive editor of the Irish Independent. The newspaper is a general Sunday newspaper, covering news and politics and it is published in five sections, Sport, Business and Living, as well as a magazine section. In terms of news, while the newspaper maintains a broadsheet outlook and it has been criticised for regularly tending towards sensationalism, and for the often opinion-focused, rather than news-focused nature of its articles. It is probably better described as a newspaper, rather than a newspaper of record. In the 1980s and 1990s, the Deputy Editor was Anne Harris, the Governments former Minister for Defence, Willie ODea writes a weekly column for the newspaper. The former partner of Bertie Ahern, Celia Larkin has started writing as a columnist for the following the closure of her beauty salon business. Popularly nicknamed The Sindo, the paper has been a critic of the Provisional IRA. Many of the Sunday Independents columnists criticised Hume for negotiating with Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams and it was strongly supportive of the Progressive Democrats and in favour of income tax reduction and the rolling back of the state.
Major issues often include big government, the size of the sector and more recently. It usually features articles by Alan Ruddock, Jody Corcoran, Brendan OConnor, Anne Harris, Deputy Editor Willie Kealy and, prior to his death, former editor Aengus Fanning contributed material here. The Sunday Independent took a negative tone towards rival media outlets RTÉ, Circulation was 291,323 for the period June 2004 to January 2005 Circulation was 238,798 for the period January to June 2012. Circulation was 237,185 for the period July to December 2012, Circulation was 199,210 for the period January to June 2016
The Irish News
The Irish News is a compact-sized daily newspaper based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. It is perceived as being broadly Irish nationalist in outlook and it focuses primarily on Ulster content, though it is available throughout Ireland. The Irish News is the independently owned daily newspaper based in Northern Ireland. It merged with the Belfast Morning News in August 1892, the Irish News saw a dramatic growth in its circulation with the beginning of The Troubles in 1968, this peaked around the time of the peak in violence in 1971, and declined thereafter. In June 1982 the paper came under the control of the present owners. In the period from December 2010 to June 2011, the paper had a daily circulation of 43,647. This fell 3% to 40,842 in the period of January to June 2013
A newspaper is a serial publication containing news about current events, other informative articles about politics, arts, and so on, and advertising. A newspaper is usually, but not exclusively, printed on relatively inexpensive, the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers. As of 2017, most newspapers are now published online as well as in print, the online versions are called online newspapers or news websites. Newspapers are typically published daily or weekly, News magazines are weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers typically publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news, typically the paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings. Papers include articles which have no byline, these articles are written by staff writers, a wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. As of 2017, newspapers may provide information about new movies, most newspapers are businesses, and they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue.
Some newspapers are government-run or at least government-funded, their reliance on advertising revenue, the editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government. Some newspapers with high editorial independence, high quality. This is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world, circa 2005, there were approximately 6,580 daily newspaper titles in the world selling 395 million print copies a day. Worldwide annual revenue approached $100 billion in 2005-7, plunged during the financial crisis of 2008-9. Revenue in 2016 fell to only $53 billion, hurting every major publisher as their efforts to gain online income fell far short of the goal. Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has challenged the business models of the era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more specifically, journalism. In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles from online newspapers.
Increasing paywalling of online newspapers may be counteracting those effects, the oldest newspaper still published is the Gazzetta di Mantova, which was established in Mantua in 1664. While online newspapers have increased access to newspapers by people with Internet access, literacy is a factor which prevents people who cannot read from being able to benefit from reading newspapers. Periodicity, They are published at intervals, typically daily or weekly. This ensures that newspapers can provide information on newly-emerging news stories or events, Its information is as up to date as its publication schedule allows
The Cambridge News is a British daily newspaper published each weekday and on Saturdays. It is distributed from its Milton base, in the period December 2010-June 2011, it had an average daily circulation of 20,987. The headquarters moved from Newmarket Road to Milton in 1998, in 2012, Local World acquired the title from Yattendon Group. In 2007 the paper started publishing an early-morning Sunrise edition titled simply Cambridge News, in 2008, the evening edition was stopped. As the paper now only has an edition, Evening has been removed from the papers title. The current editor is Paul Brackley, the paper won Regional Newspaper of the Year at The Newspaper Awards held in 2009 and 2013. Cambridge News publishes most of its news online via its website, the site can be viewed for free and without registration although the e-edition of the newspaper is behind a Paywall. Cambridge News Online Iliffe Print Cambridge
Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland. The name Derry is an anglicisation of the Old Irish name Daire meaning oak grove, in 1613, the city was granted a Royal Charter by King James I and gained the London prefix to reflect the funding of its construction by the London guilds. While the city is usually known colloquially as Derry, Londonderry is commonly used. The old walled city lies on the west bank of the River Foyle, the city now covers both banks. The population of the city was 83,652 at the 2001 Census, the district administered by Derry City and Strabane District Council contains both Londonderry Port and City of Derry Airport. Derry is close to the border with County Donegal, with which it has had a link for many centuries. In 2013, Derry was the inaugural UK City of Culture, according to the citys Royal Charter of 10 April 1662, the official name is Londonderry. This was reaffirmed in a High Court decision in 2007 when Derry City Council sought guidance on the procedure for effecting a name change.
The council had changed its name from Londonderry City Council to Derry City Council in 1984, the decision of the court was that it had not but it was clarified that the correct procedure to do so was via a petition to the Privy Council. Derry City Council since started this process and were involved in conducting an equality impact assessment report, the EQIA held two consultative forums, and solicited comments from the general public on whether or not the city should have its name changed to Derry. A total of 12,136 comments were received, of which 3,108 were broadly in favour of the proposal, and 9,028 opposed to it. Despite the official name, the city is usually known as Derry, which is an anglicisation of the Irish Daire or Doire. The name derives from the settlements earliest references, Daire Calgaich, the name was changed from Derry in 1613 during the Plantation of Ulster to reflect the establishment of the city by the London guilds. In McCaffertys survey of language use in the city, only very few interviewees—all Protestants—use the official form, apart from the name of Derry City Council, the city is usually known as Londonderry in official use within the UK.
In the Republic of Ireland, the city and county are almost always referred to as Derry, on maps, in the media and in conversation. Whereas official road signs in the Republic use the name Derry, usage varies among local organisations, with both names being used. Most companies within the city choose local area such as Pennyburn. Londonderry railway station is referred to as Waterside railway station within the city but is called Derry/Londonderry at other stations
The Teesside Gazette is a newspaper serving the Teesside area of England. It is published by the Gazette Media Company Ltd, which is an arm of the Trinity Mirror group. The Teesside Gazette is written and published in Middlesbrough, along many other publications. The Gazette Media Company Ltd is well-known locally for being the publisher of the free Herald & Post newspaper and it was at this time, that a first premises were established on Zetland Road, Middlesbrough. Historical copies of the Daily Gazette, dating back to 1870, are available to search, the current main Teesside Gazette building is located on Borough Road in the centre of Middlesbrough. This houses the staff as well as various operational departments such as advertising. There is a further Gazette Media Company site on the Riverside Industrial Estate which houses a printing press and it mainly provides local news, but covers national and sports news as well as having various supplements relating to lifestyle and events. Gazette Media Company publishes the website www. gazettelive. co.
uk, many local newspapers in the mid-20th century produced a special sports edition on Saturday evening. Before football results were available on television and radio such editions were the source of results for players of the football pools. Most games started at 3 p. m. and concluded around 4,45 p. m, the sports edition was usually available by 6 p. m. It was popular with newsagents who capitalized on the rush of customers its appearance generated to sell cigarettes, the edition was small compared to the regular edition, often as few as 3 broadsheets, making 12 pages when folded. Plenty of space was devoted to advertising, as well as lists of results, in the 1960s the Gazette began printing the sports edition on pink newsprint. Soon the edition began to be known as the Pink, to encourage people to buy the sports edition, at a time when television was affecting its sales, competitions were run In the Pink with cash prizes. In a similar vein, a newspaper published in Sheffield is known as the Green Un for the green newsprint used.
Official website Teesside Gazette on Twitter
Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, the second largest on the island of Ireland, and the heart of the tenth largest Primary Urban Area in the United Kingdom. On the River Lagan, it had a population of 286,000 at the 2011 census and 333,871 after the 2015 council reform, Belfast was granted city status in 1888. Belfast played a key role in the Industrial Revolution, and was an industrial centre until the latter half of the 20th century. It has sustained a major aerospace and missiles industry since the mid 1930s, industrialisation and the inward migration it brought made Belfast Irelands biggest city at the beginning of the 20th century. Today, Belfast remains a centre for industry, as well as the arts, higher education and law, Belfast city centre has undergone considerable expansion and regeneration in recent years, notably around Victoria Square. Belfast is served by two airports, George Best Belfast City Airport in the city, and Belfast International Airport 15 miles west of the city.
Although the county borough of Belfast was created when it was granted city status by Queen Victoria in 1888, the site of Belfast has been occupied since the Bronze Age. The Giants Ring, a 5, 000-year-old henge, is located near the city, Belfast remained a small settlement of little importance during the Middle Ages. The ONeill clan had a presence in the area, in the 14th century, Cloinne Aodha Buidhe, descendants of Aodh Buidhe ONeill built Grey Castle at Castlereagh, now in the east of the city. Conn ONeill of the Clannaboy ONeills owned vast lands in the area and was the last inhabitant of Grey Castle, evidence of this period of Belfasts growth can still be seen in the oldest areas of the city, known as the Entries. Belfast blossomed as a commercial and industrial centre in the 18th and 19th centuries, industries thrived, including linen, rope-making, heavy engineering and shipbuilding, and at the end of the 19th century, Belfast briefly overtook Dublin as the largest city in Ireland. The Harland and Wolff shipyards became one of the largest shipbuilders in the world, in 1886 the city suffered intense riots over the issue of home rule, which had divided the city.
In 1920–22, Belfast became the capital of the new entity of Northern Ireland as the island of Ireland was partitioned, the accompanying conflict cost up to 500 lives in Belfast, the bloodiest sectarian strife in the city until the Troubles of the late 1960s onwards. Belfast was heavily bombed during World War II, in one raid, in 1941, German bombers killed around one thousand people and left tens of thousands homeless. Apart from London, this was the greatest loss of life in a raid during the Blitz. Belfast has been the capital of Northern Ireland since its establishment in 1921 following the Government of Ireland Act 1920 and it had been the scene of various episodes of sectarian conflict between its Catholic and Protestant populations. These opposing groups in conflict are now often termed republican and loyalist respectively. The most recent example of conflict was known as the Troubles – a civil conflict that raged from around 1969 to 1998
The Northern Echo
The Northern Echo is a regional daily morning newspaper, based in the town of Darlington in North East England, serving County Durham and Teesside. The paper covers national as well as regional news, according to its then-editor, it is one of the most famous provincial newspapers in the United Kingdom. Its first edition was published on 1 January 1870, Harold Evans, one of the great campaigning journalists of all time, was editor of The Northern Echo in the 1960s and argued the case for cervical smear tests for women. Evans agreed with Stead that reporting was a good way of attacking the devil. Leading Liberals such as Gladstone and Joseph Chamberlain became great admirers, and the historian E. A. Freeman went so far as to declare the Northern Echo, as the best paper in Europe. However, the loss of Stead to the Pall Mall Gazette in 1880, the collapse of the Pease dynasty and increased competition from rival newspapers added to the Echos troubles and, by the time it limped into the twentieth century, it was on the verge of bankruptcy.
The paper was saved from ruin in 1903, when it was acquired by the North of England Newspaper Company, an acquisition by Westminster Press in 1921 secured the Echos future. In 1936 Edward Pickering begun his apprenticeship at the Echo, eventually rising to the position of reporter and sub-editor. He eventually became editor of the Daily Express before rising to the position of executive vice-chairman at News International, for five years Harold Evans was editor of the paper, which was a time he loved. One of his campaigns resulted in a programme for the detection of cervical cancer. He campaigned against air pollution on Teesside and for the floodlighting of Durham Cathedral, when Evans left the Echo in 1967, he moved to London as editor of The Sunday Times. Evans has said of his time at the Echo, It has 99,000 circulation when I went there and it spread over a very large area, two English counties and a couple of cities. After a year of campaigning from the North East of England I got a national inquiry into the Evans hanging, The Northern Echo is owned by Newsquest Ltd.
According to the Audit Bureau of Circulations during the half of 2010. It has four editions, covering County Durham, South Durham, Tees Valley and North Yorkshire, in June 2008, the newspaper announced it would reduce the number of editions to two. Although traditionally a broadsheet, since 26 February 2007 the newspaper has published in a tabloid format. The newspaper transformed itself from a broadsheet to a tabloid in a transition process. The Northern Echo has a number of publications, including the weekly Darlington & Stockton Times
Unionism in Ireland
Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain. Since the partition of Ireland, unionism in Ireland has focused on maintaining and preserving the place of Northern Ireland within the United Kingdom, in this context, a distinction may be made between the unionism in the province of Ulster and unionism elsewhere in Ireland. Irish nationalism is opposed to the ideology of unionism, most unionists come from Protestant backgrounds, most nationalists come from a Roman Catholic background. Exceptions to these generalisations exist, there are Protestant nationalists and there are Catholic unionists, the political relationship between England and Ireland dates from the 12th century with the establishment of the Lordship of Ireland. In 1542, the Crown of Ireland Act was passed by both the English and Irish Parliaments, the Act established a sovereign Kingdom of Ireland with Henry VIII as King of Ireland.
Both parliaments passed the Act of Union 1800 by which a new state was created - the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922, twenty-six counties of Ireland gained autonomy from the U. K. as the Irish Free State, in 1949, the State was declared to be a Republic, the Republic of Ireland left the Commonwealth of Nations organisation. The remaining six counties of the island of Ireland constituted the territory of Northern Ireland, in 1927, the realm, consisting of combined territories of Northern Ireland and Great Britain, was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Today, unionism is almost exclusively an issue for Northern Ireland and it is concerned with the governance of and relationship between Northern Ireland and Great Britain. Unionism emerged as a force in opposition to William Ewart Gladstones Home Rule Bill of 1886. Irish nationalists believed in separation from Great Britain, whether through repeal of the 1800 Act of Union, home rule, Unionists believed in maintaining and deepening the relationship between the various nations of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
They expressed pride in symbols of Britishness, a key symbol for unionists is the Union Flag. Unionist areas of Northern Ireland often display this and other symbols to show the loyalty, Unionism is known for its allegiance to the person of the British monarch, both historically and today. Historically, most unionists in Ireland have been Protestants and most nationalists have been Catholics, however, a significant number of Protestants have adhered to the nationalist cause, and likewise with Catholics and unionism. These phenomena continue to exist in Northern Ireland, both unionism and nationalism have had sectarian and anti-sectarian elements. While nationalism has had a number of Protestant leaders, unionism was invariably always led by Protestant leaders, served in the Government of Northern Ireland. UUP leader and Nobel Peace Prize-winner David Trimble suggested that Northern Ireland had been a house for Catholics in the past. People espousing unionist beliefs are sometimes referred to as loyalists, the two words are sometimes used interchangeably, but the latter is more often associated with particularly hardline forms of unionism