Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers and the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain and the Balkan Peninsula; the urban area of Belgrade has a population of 1.23 million, while nearly 1.7 million people live within the administrative limits of the City of Belgrade, a quarter of the total population of Serbia. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region and, after 279 BC, Celts settled the city, naming it Singidūn, it was conquered by the Romans under the reign of Augustus and awarded Roman city rights in the mid-2nd century. It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, changed hands several times between the Byzantine Empire, the Frankish Empire, the Bulgarian Empire, the Kingdom of Hungary before it became the seat of the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin in 1284. In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo.
It passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars. Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. Northern Belgrade remained the southernmost Habsburg post until 1918, when it was attached to the city, due to former Austro-Hungarian territories becoming the part of the new Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes after World War I. In a fatally strategic position, the city has been razed 44 times. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation in 1918 to its dissolution in 2006. Being Serbia's primate city, Belgrade has special administrative status within Serbia, it is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, government ministries, as well as home of all of the largest Serbian companies and scientific institutions. Belgrade is classified as a Beta-Global City. Chipped stone tools found in Zemun show that the area around Belgrade was inhabited by nomadic foragers in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic eras.
Some of these tools are of Mousterian industry—belonging to Neanderthals rather than modern humans. Aurignacian and Gravettian tools have been discovered near the area, indicating some settlement between 50,000 and 20,000 years ago; the first farming people to settle in the region are associated with the Neolithic Starčevo culture, which flourished between 6200 and 5200 BC. There are several Starčevo sites including the eponymous site of Starčevo; the Starčevo culture was succeeded by the Vinča culture, a more sophisticated farming culture that grew out of the earlier Starčevo settlements and named for a site in the Belgrade region. The Vinča culture is known for its large settlements, one of the earliest settlements by continuous habitation and some of the largest in prehistoric Europe. Associated with the Vinča culture are anthropomorphic figurines such as the Lady of Vinča, the earliest known copper metallurgy in Europe, a proto-writing form developed prior to the Sumerians and Minoans known as the Old European script, which dates back to around 5300 BC.
Within the city proper, on Cetinjska Street, a skull of a Paleolithic human was discovered in 1890. The skull is dated to before 5000 BC. Evidence of early knowledge about Belgrade's geographical location comes from a variety of ancient myths and legends; the ridge overlooking the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, for example, has been identified as one of the places in the story of Jason and the Argonauts. In the time of antiquity, the area was populated by Paleo-Balkan tribes, including the Thracians and the Dacians, who ruled much of Belgrade's surroundings. Belgrade was at one point inhabited by the Thraco-Dacian tribe Singi. In 34–33 BC, the Roman army, led by Silanus, reached Belgrade, it became the romanised Singidunum in the 1st century AD and, by the mid-2nd century, the city was proclaimed a municipium by the Roman authorities, evolving into a full-fledged colonia by the end of the century. While the first Christian Emperor of Rome —Constantine I known as Constantine the Great—was born in the territory of Naissus to the city's south, Roman Christianity's champion, Flavius Iovianus, was born in Singidunum.
Jovian reestablished Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, ending the brief revival of traditional Roman religions under his predecessor Julian the Apostate. In 395 AD, the site passed to the Eastern Byzantine Empire. Across the Sava from Singidunum was the Celtic city of Taurunum. In 442, the area was ravaged by Attila the Hun. In 471, it was taken by king of the Ostrogoths, who continued into Italy; as the Ostrogoths left, another Germanic tribe, the Gepids, invaded the city. In 539 it was retaken by the Byzantines. In 577, some 100,000 Slavs poured into Thrace and Illyricum, pillaging cities and more permanently settling the region; the Avars, under Bayan I, conquered the whole region and its new Slavic population by 582. Following Byzantine reconquest, the Byzantine chronicle De Administrando Imperio mentions the White Serbs, who had stopped in Belgrade on their way back home, asking the strategos for lands. In 82
"Zeige uns, deine Allmacht und Güte" is a Christian hymn of penitence. The lyrics were written in the early 1980s by Raymund Weber, they were combined with a melody from the 1708 hymnal by Johann Anastasius Freylinghausen. The song in three stanzas appeared in the 2013 Catholic hymnal Gotteslob as GL 272 in the section for Lent; the lyrics were written, beginning around 1980, by Raymund Weber, a Germanist and theologian, inspired by the changes of the Second Vatican Council. He began by translating a Swedish song by Joel Rundt, but ended writing his own wording for the Swedish melody; when his song was considered to be included in the Catholic hymnal Gotteslob, the Swedish melody was dropped in favour of a Baroque melody from the 1708 hymnal by Johann Anastasius Freylinghausen. It appeared in the Gotteslob in the second edition in 2013 as GL 272, in the section for Lent, the time of penitence and fasting before Easter, it was included in the songbook Das Liederbuch / Lieder zwischen Himmel und Erde.
Weber wrote three stanzas of rhyming ababcc. The first stanza is a prayer, for the ability to experience God's might and goodness, to receive the fire of the Holy Spirit to turn away the anxiety in us. In the second stanza, the singers realize themselves as tools of God's promise, request to be able to act motivated by faith and love, they begin the third stanza: "Call us to turning whenever we fail". They address God as the answer to desperate questions, request to be taught forgiveness and patience; the sacrifice of Jesus is mentioned as a model in both words and deeds. The Baroque melody from the 1708 hymnal is unusual for a hymn, in triple time and with several melismata, it is a bar form in E minor, beginning with an expressive cruciform melody of narrow intervals and a leap. The conclusion contains the beginning in a musical image for Umkehr or repentance. Never touching the ground key on a line's end, the melody softens only towards the end. Frey, Dominik. "SWR2 Lied zum Sonntag / Zeige uns, deine Allmacht und Güte".
SWR. Retrieved 24 February 2019. Walter, Meinrad. "Liedportrait: "Zeige uns, deine Allmacht und Güte"". Diocese of Osnabrück. Retrieved 24 February 2019. "Zeige uns, deine Allmacht und Güte". Evangeliums.net. Retrieved 25 March 2019. "Zeige uns, deine Allmacht und Güte / Gesänge – Jahr – Österliche Bußzeit – Fastenzeit". Mein-gotteslob.de. Retrieved 24 March 2019. Sing, bet und geh auf Gottes Wegen... / 40 neue und bekannte geistliche Lieder erschlossen Herder Gotteslobvideo: Zeige uns, deine Allmacht und Güte on YouTube
Planet Airways was an airline based in Orlando, Florida, USA. It operated charter services to the Caribbean. ICAO Code: PLZ Callsign: Planet The company was a private venture co-founded by Peter V. Garrambone and Tony DeCamillis, funded by Lou Pearlman. Upon Garrambone's resignation Tony DeCamillis became President & CEO; the airline began in 1995 when it incorporated as "Planet Airways, Inc." a startup airline seeking FAA Part 121 certification. It acquired its first plane in 1998, was granted FAA Part 121 approval to fly charter services, obtained FAA certification in 2000. Planet operated a fleet of 6 Boeing 727 jet aircraft for customers including the United States Marshals Service, the United States Forest Service, the United States Department of Defense. In the fiscal year 2004, Planet Airways received nearly 10% of the total revenues awarded by the Department of Defense to all qualified US carriers for domestic charters. According to information in a news release distributed by Planet Holdings Corp, Planet Airways had agreed to be acquired by the business development firm.
The PHC acquisition was created as an alternative means to provide capital to modernize Planet's aging fleet, beginning with the replacement of two retired aircraft. PHC had completed a funding with Sierra Aircraft Leasing to facilitate the acquisition of Planet's first two Boeing 757 aircraft; the PHC acquisition of Planet was terminated by Planet in January 2005. DeCamillis learned that the principal operator of PHC, Kevin James Quinn, had been disbarred as an attorney in California and was banned by the SEC from participating in public offerings. DeCamillis reported Quinn's violation to the Securities and Exchange Commission's Division of Enforcement and cancelled PHC's planned acquisition of Planet. Pearlman, who had introduced Quinn, became adversarial and DeCamillis subsequently resigned as Chief Executive Officer of the airline; that same year, under Pearlman and his new management team, the airline ceased flight operations in mid-2005. Planet Airways was a Department of Defense Civil Reserve Air Fleet qualified air carrier until the cessation of operations in 2005.
The United States Air Force describes the CRAF as non-military air carriers that meet the strict qualifications and requirements to operate on behalf of the DOD in emergencies when the need for airlift exceeds the capability of military aircraft. As a CRAF airline Planet Airways operated domestic flights transporting US military personnel on a regular basis. Planet Airways prepared for several years to meet Department of Defense standards, which are described as follows: "Safety is the paramount concern, numerous procedures are in effect to ensure that the air carriers with which AMC contracts afford the highest level of safety to DOD passengers. Prior to receiving a contract, all carriers must demonstrate that they have provided equivalent and comparable commercial service for one year before submitting their offer to fly for the Defense Department. All carriers must be certified Federal Aviation Administration carriers and meet the stringent standards of Federal Aviation Regulations pertaining to commercial airlines."“A DOD survey team, composed of experienced AMC pilots and skilled maintenance personnel, performs an on-site inspection of the carriers.
This team conducts a comprehensive inspection that includes carrier's aircraft, training facilities, crew qualifications, maintenance procedures, quality control practices and financial status to maximize the likelihood that the carrier would safely perform for DOD. After passing this survey, the carrier is certified by the Commercial Airlift Review Board as DOD-approved before receiving a contract.”“AMC analysts continue to monitor the carrier's safety record and maintenance status, contract performance, financial condition and management initiatives, summarizing significant trends in a comprehensive review every six months. In addition to this in-depth review, there are several other surveillance initiatives; these include safety preflight inspections of commercial aircraft by DOD designated inspectors, periodic cockpit observations on operational flights by experienced pilots from AMC's DOD Commercial Airlift Division, an increase in the frequency of on-site surveys. These initiatives and the surveys are further supplemented by an open flow of information on all contract carriers between AMC and the FAA through established liaison officers.”In fiscal year 2004 Planet Airways received nearly 10% of the total revenues awarded by the Department of Defense for domestic charter flights transporting U.
S. military personnel. Throughout most of the company's history Planet owned and operated a fleet of seven Boeing jet aircraft consisting of six Boeing 727-200s and one Boeing 727-100; as of January 2005 the Planet Airways fleet included: 5 Boeing 727-100/200 List of defunct airlines of the United States Planet B727-023 N1910 Planet B727-223/Adv N893AA Planet B727-223/Adv N894AA Planet B727-224/Adv N69742 Planet B727-224/Adv N79745