SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Belize Barrier Reef

The Belize Barrier Reef is a series of coral reefs straddling the coast of Belize 300 meters offshore in the north and 40 kilometers in the south within the country limits. The Belize Barrier Reef is a 300-kilometer long section of the 900-kilometer Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, continuous from Cancún on the north-eastern tip of the Yucatán Peninsula through the Riviera Maya and down to Honduras, making it the second largest coral reef system in the world after the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, it is Belize's top tourist destination, popular for scuba diving and snorkeling and attracting half of its 260,000 visitors. It is vital to the country's fishing industry. Charles Darwin described it as "the most remarkable reef in the West Indies" in 1842. In addition to its barrier reef, it boasts three distinct Caribbean atolls: Turneffe Atoll, Glover's Reef and Lighthouse Reef. Lighthouse Reef is the most easterly diving area in Belize, it is home to the Great Blue Hole, made famous by Jacques Cousteau in 1970.

These different reefs provide diverse scuba diving opportunities that include walls and reef flats that are located throughout an enormous area of sea. The Belize Barrier Reef is home to a large diversity of plants and animals: 70 hard coral species 36 soft coral species 500 species of fish hundreds of invertebrate speciesWith 90% of the reef still needing to be researched, it is estimated that only 10% of all species have been discovered. A large portion of the reef is protected by the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, which includes seven marine reserves, 450 cayes, three atolls, it totals 960 square kilometres in area, including: Glover's Reef Marine Reserve Great Blue Hole South Water Caye Marine Reserve Half Moon Caye Natural Monument Hol Chan Marine Reserve Cayes include: Ambergris Caye, Caye Caulker, Caye Chapel, Carrie Bow Caye, St. George's Caye, English Caye, Rendezvous Caye, Gladden Caye, Ranguana Caye, Long Caye, Moho Caye, Blackbird Caye, Three Corner Caye, Northern Caye, Tobacco Caye, Sandbore Caye.

In 1996 the reserve system was designated a World Heritage site due to its vulnerability and the fact that it contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity. Belize became the first country in the world to ban bottom trawling in December 2010. In December 2015, Belize banned offshore oil drilling within 1 km of the Barrier Reef. Despite these protective measures, the reef remains under threat from oceanic pollution as well as uncontrolled tourism and fishing. Other threats include hurricanes, along with global warming and the resulting increase in ocean temperatures, which causes coral bleaching, it is claimed by scientists that over 40% of Belize's coral reef has been damaged since 1998. The Belize Barrier Reef has been affected by mass-bleaching events; the first mass bleaching occurred in 1995, with an estimated mortality of 10 percent of coral colonies, according to a report by the Coastal Zone Management Institute in Belize. A second mass-bleaching event occurred, when Hurricane Mitch struck in 1998.

Biologists observed a 48 percent reduction in live coral cover across the Belize reef system. It is hard to distinguish whether the reason for coral bleaching is human activities or natural reasons such as storms or bacterial fluctuations, but in the case of the Belize Barrier Reef, many factors which make the distinction difficult do not apply. Human population in this area is much more sparse than the corresponding areas near other coral reefs, so the human activity and pollution are much lower compared to other coral reefs and the Belize reef system is in a much more enclosed area; when coral bleaching occurs, a large part of the coral dies, the remaining part of the ecosystem begins the process of repairing the damage. But the chances of recovery are low, as corals that are bleached become much more vulnerable to disease. Disease kills more corals than the bleaching event itself. With continuous bleaching, the coral reef will have little to no chance of recovery. List of reefs World Heritage Sites in Danger UNESCO World Heritage website

Limor Mizrachi

Limor Mizrachi is an Israeli former professional basketball player and a former member of the Israeli women's national basketball team. During her career, she won national championships in Croatia, Iceland and Poland. Mizrachi played for Maryland during the 1991–92 season, she started all 30 games for the Terrapins and helped them reach the National Collegiate Athletic Association East Regional final. She returned to Israel after her mother was diagnosed with cancer. In 1997, Mizrachi did not make the final cut. In 1998, Mizrachi became the first Israeli to play professional basketball in the United States when she played for New England Blizzard in the American Basketball League until it folded on December 22, 1998. In January 1999, Mizrachi joined KR of the Icelandic top-tier 1. Deild kvenna. On February 6, she helped. Prior to her arrival, KR had won its first twelve league games, they finished the season with a perfect 20-0 record and swept through the playoffs, winning all five games and claiming the 1999 national championship.

After the season she was named the Foreign Player of the Year. In 2003, she won the Israeli championship and the Israeli Basketball Cup with A. S. Ramat-Hasharon. For the season she averaged 14.4 points and league leading 6.5 assists per game. In 2004, Mizrachi won the Polish championship as a member of Lotos Gdynia. In 2006, she won the Croatian championship as a member of ŽKK Gospić. Mizrachi retired in 2008 after playing two seasons with A. S. Ramat-Hasharon. Mizrachi played for the Israeli national basketball team from 1988 to 2004, helping them to the European Women Basketball Championship in 1991 and 2003. Úrvalsdeild Foreign Player of the Year: 1999 Croatian league champion: 2006 Icelandic league champion: 1999 Icelandic Basketball Cup: 1999 Israeli league champion: 2003 Israeli Basketball Cup: Polish league champion: 2004 Ligat ha'Al assists leader: 2003, 2005 Limor Mizrachi at fibaeurope.com Limor Mizrachi at eurobasket.com Polish league statistics at basketligakobiet.pl ABL statistics Profile at safsal.co.il

United Kingdom general elections overview

The United Kingdom general elections overview is an overview of United Kingdom general election results since 1922. The 1922 election was the first election in the new United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, after the creation of the Irish Free State removed Southern Ireland from the UK; this period saw just six prime ministers, with Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair the two longest serving post-World War II prime ministers in the UK. There was a mini-revival of the Liberal Party which, after a merger with the Social Democratic Party became the Liberal Democrats and increased their seats in parliament from 11 in the 1979 election to 62 in 2005; the outcome of the 2010 election brought about the first hung parliament since 1974 and forced the victorious Conservative Party to accept the Liberal Democrats as their coalition partner. Voter turnout fell during this period, with the 2001 election seeing a post-World War II low of 59.4%. In Northern Ireland, the Good Friday Agreement has led to a vast reduction in conflict, though the traditional parties who gained power in the 1980s, such as the Ulster Unionist Party, have been replaced as the dominant powers by the likes of Sinn Féin and the Democratic Unionist Party.

The elections of the 1990s and 2000s saw an increased proliferation of smaller parties, with more parties standing at the 2005 general election than before. The elections of this period took place in the context of the decolonialisation of the British Empire and the UK's declining status as a Great Power, it saw the UK enter the European Union and some periods of high unemployment. The early years of the period saw Conservative consolidation of power, before Harold Wilson's two general election wins in 1964 and 1966. There was a series of close fought elections, including two in 1974; this period was the one in which the Liberal Party was at its all-time low, never having more than 14 seats. The Ulster Unionists dominated in Northern Ireland, whilst the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru became major players for the first time, the SNP gaining 11 seats in 1974; this period saw the demise of the autonomous Scottish Unionist Party, when it merged with the Conservative Party. This era saw massive social change in the UK, going through the Great Depression of the 1930s, the national government of the Second World War and the socialist Labour government of Clement Attlee.

The Labour party gained a landslide victory in 1945, contrasting with the pre-war dominance of the Conservative Party. This was the period of the Liberal Party's major collapse, with their split into the Liberal and National Liberal parties and the completion of Labour's rise to power. 1929 saw the first Scottish and Welsh nationalist candidates. In the years after the secession of the Irish Free State, the Conservatives led the House of Commons, followed by a surging Labour Party and a declining Liberal Party; the Communist Party of Great Britain enjoyed their most prolonged period of success, though still failed to have more than 1 MP at any time. Elections in the United Kingdom List of United Kingdom general elections House of Commons Library: "UK Election Statistics: 1918-2019 - A century of elections"