Bellevue is a city in the Eastside region of King County, United States, across Lake Washington from Seattle. As the third-largest city in the Seattle metropolitan area, Bellevue has variously been characterized as an edge city, a suburb, boomburb, or satellite city, its population was 147,599 in a 2018 census estimate. As of 2019, the city promotes itself as a diverse, global city at the heart of Seattle's Eastside, home to some of the world's most innovative technology companies. Prior to 2008, downtown Bellevue underwent rapid change, with many high-rise projects under construction, was unaffected by the economic downturn; the downtown area is the second-largest city center in Washington state, with 1,300 businesses, 45,000 employees, 10,200 residents. Based on per capita income, Bellevue is the sixth-wealthiest of 522 communities in the state of Washington. In 2008, Bellevue was number one in CNNMoney's list of the best places to live and launch a business, in 2010 was again ranked as the fourth-best place to live in America.
In 2014, Bellevue was ranked as the second-best place to live by USA Today. More than 145 companies have been located in Bellevue. Current companies with headquarters in Bellevue include PACCAR Inc, T-Mobile, Valve; the name "Bellevue" is derived from the French words for "beautiful view". The Duwamish, whose main settlements were located in what is present day Renton and Seattle, maintained a small outpost settlement called Satskal along the Mercer Slough, south of present day downtown Bellevue. Bellevue was first settled by European Americans in 1869 by William Meydenbauer and Aaron Mercer, who claimed homestead tracts several miles apart. Both moved away within a few years, permanent residents did not arrive until 1879. By 1882 a community, consisting of logging homesteaders, had established itself. Once the land had been logged, it was cleared by Japanese immigrant labor in the early 20th century, to support small scale farming on leased land plots. By the early part of the 20th century, Bellevue had acquired a reputation as a weekend getaway destination for Seattle residents, who would arrive by ferry at Meydenbauer Bay and spend the day at nearby Wildwood Park.
After the ferry landing was moved to Medina, tourism to Bellevue waned. To counter this decline, the Bellevue Strawberry Festival was conceived of in 1925, by the 1930s it had grown to attract as many as 15,000 visitors. At the time, Bellevue was still a small town with around 2,000 residents. Prior to the opening of the Lake Washington Floating Bridge in 1940, Bellevue was rural farmland area with little development. Although it was small, developers were pushing to change that, he envisioned plans that included the bridging of Lake Washington and an area filled with golf courses and airports. His map with these visions was published in 1928. Once the Murrow Memorial Bridge opened, access from Seattle improved, the area began to evolve into a bedroom community. In 1942, the Bellevue Strawberry Festival was cancelled; the primary reason was that some 90 percent of the agricultural workforce in the area was of Japanese ancestry, all of these farmers and their families had been forcibly interned in camps following the start of World War II.
The fair would not be revived for another 45 years. Following the expulsion of the ethnic Japanese farming community, a large quantity of farmland became available for development; this made way for the initial development of the Bellevue downtown area. Bellevue incorporated as a third-class city on the March 21, 1953. Following the 1963 opening of a second bridge across the lake, the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, the city began to grow more rapidly; the Crossroads community was annexed in 1964. Lake Hills was annexed in 1969. By the 1970 census, Bellevue had become the fourth most populous city in the state of Washington, following only Seattle and Tacoma. Bellevue remains one of the largest cities in the state, with several high-rise structures in its core and a burgeoning business community; the city experienced a building boom during the mid 2000s, with the building of developments such as Lincoln Square and the Bravern. Reflective of Bellevue's growth over the years is Bellevue Square, now one of the largest shopping centers in the region.
Opened in 1946, the mall has undergone several significant phases of expansion since the 1980s. The city's plans include the Bel-Red Corridor Project, a large-scale planning effort to encourage the redevelopment of the large Bel-Red section of the city bordering the adjacent town of Redmond, a major employment area in the city. Patterned after what planners consider the successful redevelopment of the downtown core, plans include superblock mixed-use projects similar to Lincoln Square, premised on private construction and the development of infrastructure such as the extension of Link Light Rail to the Eastside. Bellevue lies between Lake Washington to the smaller Lake Sammamish to the east. Much of Bellevue is drained by the Kelsey Creek watershed, whose source is located in the Larsen and Phantom Lake green belt and whose outlet is near where Interstate 90 meets Lake Washington's eastern shore; the city is bisected by Interstate 405 running north–south, the southern portion is crossed from west to east by Interstate 90.
The State Route 520 freeway delineates the upper reaches of Bellevue. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.47 square miles, of which, 31.97 square miles is land and 4.50 square miles is water. The city's name is derived from a French term fo
James Henry Quillen known as Jimmy Quillen, was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee from 1963 to 1997. Quillen was born in Scott County, son of John A. and Hannah Quillen, near the Tennessee line and was a 1934 graduate of Dobyns-Bennett High School in Kingsport, Tennessee. Quillen worked as a restaurant kitchen prep worker, a grocery store clerk, a copy boy, as a young adult, an advertising salesman for a Kingsport newspaper. During 1936, Quillen invested his own personal savings of $42 to become the publisher and owner of The Kingsport Mirror, a weekly newspaper that he started in Kingsport, Tennessee. Quillen sold The Kingsport Mirror during 1939 and moved to Johnson City, Tennessee to start up another weekly newspaper, The Johnson City Times. Prior to the U. S. entry into World War II, Quillen received a two-year Selective Service System Class 3-A draft deferment beginning in December 1940 through late November 1942. Quillen served in the United States Navy as a public information officer from late 1942 to 1946.
Quillen received his overseas orders in late 1944, with his assignment aboard the Ticonderoga class aircraft carrier USS Antietam. The USS Antietam entered the Pacific theater of operations too late in the war to participate in combat, as the carrier arrived in Hawaii from the Panama Canal just as the first atomic bomb was dropped by the United States on Japan. Becoming a Kingsport and Johnson City based real estate development and insurance company owner, bank executive following World War II, Quillen was elected as a Republican member of the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1954, serving four terms from a district in Sullivan County. Quillen was selected as a Tennessee delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1956, 1964, 1968. During 1961, B. Carroll Reece, who had represented Tennessee's 1st congressional district for all but six of the last 40 years, died in office, his wife, took over as a caretaker until the next election. Quillen decided not to run for a fifth term in the state house in 1962, instead seeking the Republican nomination for the 1st District.
This region was one of the few ancestrally Republican regions of the South. Quillen won a five-way Republican primary with only 28 percent of the vote, won the general election with 53.8 percent of the vote. He was reelected 16 more times. Apart from his initial run for the seat, he only faced one close contest, when he was held to 57 percent of the vote in 1976, he faced no major-party opposition in 1966 and 1980, was unopposed in 1984 and 1990. Quillen became de facto leader of the Republican Party in East Tennessee, thus a statewide power broker within the tight circle of Tennessee Republican politics. Quillen's popularity was not due only to his district's heavy Republican tilt, but because he was perceived as providing strong constituent service. However, during his 34 years in Congress, Quillen managed to sponsor only three pieces of original federal legislation. First surfacing as a federal legislative issue after the U. S. Congress decided to automatically link social security benefit increases to the consumer price index beginning in 1972, a cohort of social security retirees born during the period of 1910 through 1916 received undue windfall of payments from the federal taxpayers through the Social Security Administration miscalculating social security benefits based upon the 1910–1916 cohort.
Social security retirees born afterwards during the so-called "notch" period running from 1917 to 1921–such as Quillen's wife Cecile–perceived agency mistreatment and petitioned members of Congress for a similar upward and unwarranted windfall adjustment for payments to their own social security benefits. Quillen amassed a large campaign treasury due to having received many large individual and PAC contributions, including those well financed PACs representing the beer and spirits beverage industries, he never needed to use it given the heavy Republican tilt of his district. Many political observers expected Quillen to retire before a change in federal election campaign finance laws made it illegal to convert the balance of campaign treasury funds to personal use by declaring them as income and paying the federal income tax due. Another important fact buttressing Quillen's re-election campaign finance efforts, according to Vin Weber of the Brookings Institution, was the Northeast Tennessee congressman's "...tremendous success...in shaking down the business community for contributions."
Quillen voted twice against the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, religion, sex, or national origin. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public. Quillen first voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on February 10, 1964, again on July 2, 1964 when
Keith Karl Compton was a U. S. Air Force lieutenant general, vice commander in chief, Strategic Air Command, with headquarters at Offutt Air Force Base, where he fulfilled the responsibility of the commander in chief, Strategic Air Command, in his absence and acted as his principal assistant and advisor in the formulation of SAC policies and directives. Compton was born in 1915 in St. Joseph and graduated from Central High School there in 1933, he received his bachelor of arts degree from Westminster College at Fulton, Missouri, in 1937. He entered military service in February 1938 as an aviation cadet at Randolph Field and received his pilot's wings a year later. Compton spent the next two and a half years at Langley Field, with the 2nd Bomb Wing, the first unit equipped with the B-17 Flying Fortress. In April 1942 he became commander of the 409th Bomb Squadron and at Fort Myers, Fla. operations officer for the 93rd Bomb Group. In February 1943, Compton became commander of the 376th Bomb Group in Africa and, on August 1, 1943, led the disastrous air attack on the Ploesti oil refineries in Romania.
He was reassigned as assistant to the air chief of staff for operations, Fifteenth Air Force, in North Africa in March 1944 and returned to the United States in July that year as assistant deputy chief of staff for operations and training, Second Air Force, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Following several command assignments and graduation from the Air University, Compton was assigned in June 1948 to the Air Proving Ground Command, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, as deputy for operations, a position he held until February 1953, it was during this tour of duty that Compton, flying an F-86 Sabrejet, won the National Air Races Bendix Trophy for 1951, setting a new national speed record for the route. In February 1953, Compton transferred to Strategic Air Command. Several successful command assignments in SAC resulted in his designation in September 1961 as SAC director of operations. In June 1963 he became SAC's chief of staff. In August 1964 he was assigned to be the Inspector General of the U. S. Air Force.
Six months he was designated the deputy chief of staff for plans and operations, Headquarters U. S. Air Force. With these duties he became the Air Force's operations deputy sitting with the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the chief of staff, U. S. Air Force, he assumed his last position in February 1967. He retired August 1, 1969. Military decorations awarded Compton include the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster, Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross with oak leaf cluster, Air Medal with nine oak leaf clusters, the Air Force and the Army Commendation medals. In addition he holds his college's outstanding Alumni Achievement Award and is one of the few holders of aviation's famed Bendix Trophy. An avid golfer, Compton won the 1978 U. S. Senior Amateur, 1 up, over Maj Gen John W. Kline and in 1980 finished runner-up to William C. Campbell. American Combat Airman Hall of Fame This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "".
Keith K. Compton at Find a Grave