click links in text for more info

Benetton Group

Benetton Group S.r.l. is a global fashion brand based in Ponzano Veneto, Italy founded in 1965. Benetton Group has a network of about 5,000 stores worldwide. In 1965, the Benettons opened their first store in three years after in Paris; the company's core business consists of clothing brands United Colors of Sisley. Benetton was an iconic brand in the 1980’s and 1990’s but has since struggled to regain this position. In 2012, Benetton Group was delisted from the stock exchange and is now a owned subsidiary of the Benetton family company Edizione holding. In 2017, the group posted a loss of €180 million. Prompted by the heavy losses, Luciano Benetton, 83 years old, returned from retirement as Executive Chairman for the brand. Revival efforts included appointing Jean-Charles de Castelbajac as artistic director and re-appointing photographer Oliviero Toscani; as of 2020, United Colors of Benetton has 1,500 employees and uses 25,000 workers through subcontractors. Benetton is known for its sports sponsorships, for its "United Colors" advertising campaign.

In 1982, Benetton hired Oliviero Toscani as creative director, which led to a change in advertising focus towards raising awareness for various issues worldwide. In 1984, Toscani photographed the first multiracial ad for the brand. In 1989, Toscani refocused Benetton's advertising strategy under the "United Colors of Benetton" campaign; the campaign's graphic, billboard-sized ads depicted a variety of shocking subjects, including the deathbed scene of a man dying from AIDS. Another ad featured a unwashed newborn baby with umbilical cord still attached; the newborn ad prompted 650 complaints to the British Advertising Standards Authority, which noted in its 1991 annual report that the Benetton baby ad "attracted more complaints than we have previously known."In 2000, Benetton was included in the reference publication Guinness World Records for the "Most Controversial Campaign."In November 2011, Benetton created the UNHATE Foundation, launching a worldwide communication campaign described as an invitation to leaders and citizens of the world to combat the "culture of hatred."

Benetton claimed. The UNHATE poster series uses altered images of political and religious leaders, such as then-President of the United States Barack Obama and Hugo Chávez President of Venezuela, kissing each other. Following Vatican protests, Benetton removed an ad purportedly showing Pope Benedict XVI kissing Ahmed Mohamed el Tayeb, the imam of Egypt's Al Azhar mosque. Benetton won the Press Grand Prix at the 2012 Cannes Ad festival for its Unhate campaign. In November 2017, Benetton launched a campaign in collaboration with Devbhumi, a company owned by rural women from India's remote Uttarakhand region; the initiative claims to empower more than 6,000 rural women artisans in India. Benetton Group entered Formula One as a sponsor of Tyrrell in 1983 Alfa Romeo in 1984. Benetton Formula Ltd. was formed at the end of 1985 when the Toleman and Spirit teams were sold to the Benetton family. The team saw its greatest success under Flavio Briatore, who managed the team from 1990 to 1997. Michael Schumacher won his first Drivers' Championships with the team in 1994 and 1995, the team won their only Constructors' title in 1995.

From 1996, the team raced under an Italian licence although it continued to be based, like Toleman, in Oxfordshire in England. The team was bought by Renault for US$120 million in 2000 and was rebranded Renault F1 in 2002. In 1979, Benetton first sponsored their local rugby team, A. S. Rugby Treviso. Benetton Rugby has since become a major force in Italian rugby, with 11 league titles and supplying many players to the national team. Benetton Group has sponsored Treviso Basket and Sisley Volley. Benetton has faced criticism from Mapuche organizations over its purchase of traditional Mapuche lands in Patagonia; the Curiñanco-Nahuelquir family was evicted from their land in 2002 following Benetton's claim to it, but the land was restored in 2007. The company have published a position statement regarding the Mapuche in Patagonia. Benetton aroused suspicion when they considered using RFID tracking chips on clothes to monitor inventory. A boycott site alleges the tracking chips "can be read from a distance and used to monitor the people wearing them."

Issues of consumer privacy were raised and the plan was shelved. Benetton's position on RFID technology is available on their website. PETA launched a boycott campaign against Benetton for buying wool from farmers who practiced mulesing. Benetton has since agreed to buy nonmulesed wool and has further urged the wool industry to adopt the PETA and Australian Wool Growers Association agreement to end mulesing. Benetton's position statement on the mulesing controversy is available on their website. On 24 April 2013, the eight-storey Rana Plaza commercial building collapsed outside Dhaka that housed one of the factories where Benetton makes its clothing. At least 1,130 people died. Benetton first denied reports linking production of their clothing at the factory, but clothes and documents linked to Benetton were discovered at the disaster site. Of the 29 brands identified as having sourced products from the Rana Plaza factories, only nine attended meetings held in November 2013 to agree a proposal on compensation to the victims.

Several companies refused to sign including Walmart, Bonmarché, Mango and Kik. The agreement was signed by Primark, Bonmarche and El Corte Ingles. A year after the collapse, Benetton faced international protests after failing to pay any compensation to the Ra

Lindy Heymann

Lindy Heymann is a British director and assistant director, known for Showboy, The Laughing King and Kicks. She received a BIFA for Best Directorial Debut for her feature film debut Showboy, she directs music videos & commercials and has worked with many acts. Recent work includes videos for Chase & Status, Imelda May, Keane & Take That as well as a live concert DVD for The Specials, nominated for a UK Music Video Award. On August 2019 it was announced that she would be directing a biopic on Richey Edwards from Manic Street Preachers titled'4real'. Kissing Buba Showboy Kicks The Laughing King Lindy Heymann at the Music Video Database Lindy Heymann at Vimeo Lindy Heymann Interview with Unsung Films Interview with Lindy Heimann by Montse BruTemplate:Lindy Heymann

Paisley Caves

The Paisley Caves complex is a system of four caves in an arid, desolate region of south-central Oregon, United States north of the present-day city of Paisley, Oregon. The caves are located in the Summer Lake basin at 4,520 feet elevation and face to the west in a ridge of Miocene and Pliocene era basalts mixed with soft volcanic tuffs and breccias, from which the caves were carved by Pleistocene-era waves from Summer Lake. One of the caves may contain archaeological evidence of the oldest definitively-dated human presence in North America; the site was first studied by Luther Cressman in the 1930s. Scientific excavations and analysis since 2002 have uncovered substantial new discoveries; these include materials with the oldest DNA evidence of human habitation in North America. The DNA, radiocarbon dated to 14,300 years ago, was found in subfossil human coprolites uncovered in the Paisley Five Mile Point Caves in south-central Oregon; the caves were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.

A field school from the University of Oregon has been examining the site since 2002 and analyzing its pre-Clovis artifacts. In the summer of 2007, they identified the oldest human DNA yet discovered in the American continents; this assertion is based on analysis of several samples of coprolite found in the Paisley Caves complex. Since other authors have questioned the authenticity of these findings by arguing about the relevance of the evidence gathered from ancient DNA and stratigraphy on the one hand, from the morphological assignment of the coprolites to humans on the other; the coprolites were found in Paisley Five Mile Point Cave at the same level as a small rock-lined hearth some 7 feet below the modern surface. At that level was discovered a large number of bones from waterfowl and large mammals, including extinct camel and horse. Radiocarbon dating places these coprolites between 12,750 and 14,290 calendar years before the present representing a pre-Clovis occupation. DNA analysis provides apparent genetic ties to Asia.

Evidence at other archaeological sites — as well as 1930s work at Paisley Caves — had been thought to provide such evidence, but questionable excavation techniques clouded the issue. Knowing this, the U of O team worked to avoid the mistakes of the past; the theory that pre-Clovis immigrants traveled to North America down the Pacific Coast suggests that the travelers would have passed through the hinterlands of what is Oregon today. DNA from coyote and dog was found. Hunting tools were found in the caves. Special projectile points known as'Western Stemmed points' were recovered. No evidence of diagnostic Clovis technology was found at the site. In 2002, a team of researchers from Oregon State University found evidence of human presence on the southern Oregon coast, dating from more than 10,000 years ago — more than 2,000 years older than known archaeological sites on Oregon's coast. Carbon dating of artifacts suggested an origin of 12,000 years ago. Laser Scanning History: Paisley Caves

Edinburgh Student Housing Co-operative

Edinburgh Student Housing Co-operative is the largest student housing cooperative in the United Kingdom, providing affordable housing for the co-operative's 106 student members. The co-operative opened in the summer of 2014; the co-operative manages two neighbouring properties at Wright's Houses in Bruntsfield, overlooking the historic Bruntsfield Links. It is notable for organising and managing itself using a system of direct democracy, with as much of the work as possible undertaken directly by its members; the co-operative is a member of Students for Cooperation, a federation of student co-operatives across the UK, alongside the UK's two other operating student housing co-operatives, Birmingham Student Housing Co-operative and Sheffield Student Housing Co-operative. The co-operative is managed by the students which live there, with all 106 members having an equal say in the running of the buildings; the sovereign decision making body of the co-operative is the General Meeting which takes place on a bi-weekly basis and is open to all members.

The General Meeting has a required quorum of 25, meaning that if too few members attend proposals cannot be passed. Most of the work required to run the co-operative is delegated to four working groups; these working groups report directly to the General Meeting. Each working group has a specific remit, whether finances, maintenance, outreach, conflict mediation, or encouraging involvement; these working groups can be split into further sub-groups, such as finance, cooking, welfare or data-management. Attendance at working group meetings is voluntary though encouraged and all working groups are open to all members; the student co-operative is home to a broad range of people from a variety of different backgrounds with a significant portion of the community coming from abroad. Membership is open to all students although there is a majority from the University of Edinburgh due to its proximity, some members study at Edinburgh College and others at Edinburgh Napier University. Despite the majority of members being undergraduate students, there is a sizeable postgraduate community at the co-operative.

There are two principal application periods for membership of the co-operative, these are in February and October for admittance in September and January however move-in dates are flexible. Applications are evaluated anonymously and are voted on by current members of the co-operative. A waiting list is available for applicants which are not successful. There is no fee for application, applicants may re-apply as as they wish. There is a high demand on places at the co-operative with a ratio ten applicants for every one available space in January 2016

Transport in Germany

As a densely populated country in a central location in Europe and with a developed economy, Germany has a dense and modern transport infrastructure. The first highway system to have been built, the extensive German Autobahn network famously has no general speed limit for light vehicles; the country's most important waterway is the river Rhine. The largest port is that of Hamburg. Frankfurt Airport is a major international airport and European transport hub. Air travel is used for greater distances within Germany but faces competition from the state-owned Deutsche Bahn's rail network. High-speed trains called. Many German cities have rapid transit systems and public transport is available in most areas. Buses have only played a marginal role in long distance passenger service, as all routes directly competing with rail services were technically outlawed by a law dating to 1935. Only in 2012 was this law amended and thus a long distance bus market has emerged in Germany since then. Since German reunification substantial effort has been made to improve and expand transport infrastructure in what was East Germany.

Verkehrsmittel and Verkehrszeichen - Transportation signs in Germany are available here in German and English. The volume of traffic in Germany goods transportation, is at a high level due to its central location in Europe. In the past few decades, much of the freight traffic shifted from rail to road, which led the Federal Government to introduce a motor toll for trucks in 2005. Individual road usage increased resulting in a high traffic density to other nations. A further increase of traffic is expected in the future. High-speed vehicular traffic has a long tradition in Germany given that the first freeway in the world, the AVUS, the world's first automobile were developed and built in Germany. Germany possesses one of the most dense road systems of the world. German motorways have no blanket speed limit for light vehicles. However, posted limits are in place on many dangerous or congested stretches as well as where traffic noise or pollution poses a problem; the German government has had issues with upkeep of the country's autobahn network, having had to revamp the Eastern portion's transport system since the unification of Germany between the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany.

With that, numerous construction projects have been put on hold in the west, a vigorous reconstruction has been going on for 20 years. However since the European Union formed, an overall streamlining and change of route plans have occurred as faster and more direct links to former Soviet bloc countries now exist and are in the works, with intense co-operation among European countries. Intercity bus service within Germany fell out of favour as post-war prosperity increased, became extinct when legislation was introduced in the 1980s to protect the national railway. After that market was deregulated in 2012, some 150 new intercity bus lines have been established, leading to a significant shift from rail to bus for long journeys; the market has since consolidated with Flixbus controlling over 90% of it and expanding into neighboring countries. Germany has 650,000 km of roads, of which 231,000 km are non-local roads; the road network is extensively used with nearly 2 trillion km travelled by car in 2005, in comparison to just 70 billion km travelled by rail and 35 billion km travelled by plane.

The Autobahn is the German federal highway system. The official German term is Bundesautobahn, which translates as'federal motorway'. Where no local speed limit is posted, the advisory limit is 130 km/h; the Autobahn network had a total length of about 12,996 kilometres in 2016, which ranks it among the most dense and longest systems in the world. Only federally built controlled-access highways meeting certain construction standards including at least two lanes per direction are called "Bundesautobahn", they have blue-coloured signs and their own numbering system. All Autobahnen are named by using the capital letter A, followed by a number; the main Autobahnen going all across Germany have single digit numbers. Shorter highways of regional importance have double digit numbers. Short stretches built for heavy local traffic have three digits, where the first digit depends on the region. East-west routes are even-numbered, north-south routes are odd-numbered; the numbers of the north-south Autobahnen increase from west to east.

The east-west routes use increasing numbers from north to south. The autobahns are considered the safest category of German roads: for example, in 2012, while carrying 31% of all motorized road traffic, they only accounted for 11% of Germany's traffic fatalities. German autobahns are still toll-free for light vehicles, but on 1 January 2005, a blanket mandatory toll on heavy trucks was introduced; the national roads in Germany are called Bundesstraßen. Their numbers are well known to local road users, as they appear on direction traffic signs and on street maps. A Bundesstraße is referred to as "B" fol

Balchik Municipality

Balchik Municipality is a municipality in Dobrich Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located on the Northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast in Southern Dobruja geographical region. It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Balchik; the municipality embraces a territory of 523 km² with a population of 21,832 inhabitants, as of December 2009. The area is best known with the Balchik Palace complex in the main town as well as the luxury seaside resort of Albena; the main road E87 crosses the municipality connecting the port of Varna with the Romanian port of Konstanza. Balchik Municipality includes the following 22 places: The following table shows the change of the population during the last four decades. According to the latest Bulgarian census of 2011, the religious composition, among those who answered the optional question on religious identification, was the following: Provinces of Bulgaria Municipalities of Bulgaria List of cities and towns in Bulgaria Official website