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Benevento

Benevento is a city and comune of Campania, capital of the province of Benevento, 50 kilometres northeast of Naples. It is situated on a hill 130 metres above sea level at the confluence of the Calore Irpino and the Sabato, it is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop. Around Benevento there is an urban area with 110,000 inhabitants. Benevento occupies the site of the ancient Beneventum Maleventum or earlier Maloenton; the meaning of the name of the town is evidenced by its former Latin name, translating as good or fair wind. In the imperial period it was supposed to have been founded by Diomedes after the Trojan War. Due to its artistic and cultural significance, the Santa Sofia Church in Benevento was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011, as part of a group of seven historic buildings inscribed as Longobards in Italy, Places of Power. A patron saint of Benevento is Saint Bartholomew, the Apostle, whose relics are kept there at the Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta. Benevento, as Maleventum, was one of the chief cities of Samnium, situated on the Appian Way at a distance of 51 kilometres east from Capua on the banks of the river Calor.

There is some discrepancy as to the people to which it belonged at contact: Pliny the Elder expressly assigns it to the Hirpini. All ancient writers concur in representing it as a ancient city. Sextus Pompeius Festus, on the contrary, related that it was founded by Auson, a son of Ulysses and Circe, but it first appears in history as a Samnite city. It appears, however, to have fallen into their hands during the Third Samnite War, though the exact occasion is unknown. Benevento was in the power of the Romans in 274 BC, when Pyrrhus of Epirus was defeated in a great battle, fought in its immediate neighborhood, by the consul Manius Curius Dentatus. Six years they further sought to secure its possession by establishing there a Roman colony with Latin rights, it was at this time that it first assumed the name of Beneventum, having been called Maleventum, a name which the Romans regarded as of evil augury, changed into one of a more fortunate signification. It is probable that the Oscan or Samnite name was Maloeis, or Malieis, whence the form Maleventum would derive, like Agrigentum from Acragas, Selinuntium from Selinus, etc.

As a Roman colony Beneventum seems to have become a flourishing place. In its immediate neighborhood were fought two of the most decisive actions of the war: the Battle of Beneventum, in which the Carthaginian general Hanno was defeated by Tiberius Gracchus, and though its territory was more than once laid waste by the Carthaginians, it was still one of the eighteen Latin colonies which in 209 BCE were at once able and willing to furnish the required quota of men and money for continuing the war. No mention of it occurs during the Social War, although it seems to have escaped from the calamities which at that time befell so many cities of Samnium. Under the Second Triumvirate its territory was portioned out by the Triumvirs to their veterans, subsequently a fresh colony was established there by Augustus, who enlarged its domain by the addition of the territory of Caudium. A third colony was settled there by Nero, its importance and flourishing condition under the Roman Empire is sufficiently attested by existing remains and inscriptions.

For this prosperity it was doubtless indebted in part to its position on the Via Appia, just at the junction of the two principal arms or branches of that great road, the one called afterwards the Via Traiana, leading thence by Aequum Tuticum into Apulia. Its wealth is evidenced by the quantity of coins minted by Beneventum. Horace famously notes Beneventum on his journey from Rome to Brundusium, it was indebted to the same circumstance for the honor of repeated visits from the emperors of Rome, among which those of Nero and Septimus Severus, are recorded. It was for the same reason that the triumphal arch, the Arch

RĂ¼diger Fikentscher

Rüdiger Fikentscher is a german politician and academic. At the age of 48, during the period of changes that led, formally in 1990, to German reunification, Fikentscher switched to politics; as a member of the Social Democratic Party he was elected to the East German Volkskammer in the country's first—and last—free election. He has subsequently played a leading role in city and state politics in Saxony-Anhalt and in the Halle region. Fikentscher was born in Probsthain, a village in Lower Silesia 90 km west of Breslau; when he was 4 war ended, in May 1945, frontier changes mandated by the victorious powers involved the transfer of Silesia from Germany to Poland. Implementation of the changes was accompanied by a major programme of ethnic cleansing: Fikentscher's family was relocated to Zwickau where he grew up, he passed his School Finals exam in 1959 and transferred to the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg where he studied between 1961 and 1967, the year in which he qualified as a medical doctor.

He trained for a specialty in Otorhinolaryngology, qualifying in 1972. A higher habilitation degree followed in 1974. Between 1972 and 1981 he worked as an Otorhinolaryngologist, employed as a senior doctor till 1985 at the Halle University Clinic. Between 1985 and 1990 he worked as a university lecturer in his speciality at Halle. Prior to 1989 Fikentscher was not politically active. Political changes in the Soviet Union and economic stagnation at home led to a loss in self-confidence by the East German ruling class during the 1980s, which towards the end of the decade was accompanied by an open and widespread growth in opposition to the political status quo. New Forum was founded in September 1989. New Forum was a form of independent political party in a country where traditionally the only political parties permitted to operate were those controlled by the ruling party. Rüdiger Fikentscher joined New Forum in September 1989. While the country's leaders, no longer able to rely on Soviet support for a repeat of the violent but effective repression of the 1953 uprising, hesitated over how to deal with New Forum, November 1989 saw a re-emergence in East Germany of the Social Democratic Party, some forty years after it had been controversially merged out of existence.

Rüdiger Fikentscher joined the Social Democratic Party in November 1989. In February 1990 he was elected district chairman of the party's Halle branch; the regional tier of government had been abolished in East Germany in 1952 as part of a programme to centralise political power, but East German states were reinstated in 1990, in August 1990 Rüdiger Fikentscher became the SPD party chairman for Saxony-Anhalt. The next month, in September 1990, the East German SPD and what at that point was seen as the West German SPD were reintegrated: Fikentscher continued to serve as SPD party chairman for Saxony-Anhalt till 2002, he served, between 1990 and 2010, as a member of the SPD National Council and, between 1995 and 2006, as its chairman. Through most of the country's existence, parliamentary elections in East Germany took place according to a "Single List" system. Voters were given a single list of candidates nominated by the party and invited to vote for it or against it. Voting against The List involved placing your voting slip in a separate ballot box while election officials looked on.

The voting system was effective in ensuring that the party's list of candidates was endorsed by more than 99% the electorate, but it was not without its critics. For the 1990 General Election a new system was adopted inspired by the West German approach, whereby voters could choose between a number of different party lists; the 1990 election is reported as East Germany's first free general election. The SPD received 21.9% of the votes cast, which entitled it to 88 seats in the new 400 seat "Volkskammer". Although this was regarded as a disappointing result for the party, the name at the top of the list from the Halle district was that of Rüdiger Fikentscher, duly elected and took his seat; the coalition government that resulted was dominated by the centre-right CDU party, but the SPD took part in the coalition, the number of its seats swollen from 88 to 91 through the defection of three members elected on the list of the Democratic Farmers' Party. Following reunification, on 3 October 1990, Fikentscher was not one of the SPD Assembly members to join the short-lived enlarged Bundestag for a unified Germany, pursuing instead a career in the regional legislative assembly, based in Magdeburg.

Rüdiger Fikentscher sat as a member of the Saxony-Anhalt Landtag between 1990 and 2011, representing the Halle 3 electoral district. From 1990 till 1994, again between 2002 and 2011 he was one of the Assembly's two vice-presidents. During the intervening period, between 1994 and 2002, he was the leader of the SPD group in the chamber. Since 2004 he has been a member of the Halle city council. Fikentscher is married, has two children

2017 Indonesia President's Cup

2017 Indonesia President's Cup was the second edition of the Indonesia President's Cup football championship, held by the Football Association of Indonesia. The tournament was held on 4 February 2017 until 12 March 2017. In 2015 edition, Mahaka Sports and Entertainment designated as operator of the championship, this year's edition was held up by the control of the PSSI; this championship become a means of testing the new league rules by PSSI before being used in Liga 1 in April 2017. The broadcasting rights were granted to two television stations under group Elang Mahkota Teknologi, namely Indosiar and SCTV. There were 20 clubs. 18 clubs from 2016 Indonesia Soccer Championship A participant, with the rest coming from the champions and runner-up of 2016 Indonesia Soccer Championship B, PSCS Cilacap and PSS Sleman. The twenty clubs were divided into five groups, each filled with four participants; the venues 2017 Piala Presiden Final and Third place playoff: Pakansari, West Java Semi-finals 1: Segiri, East Kalimantan Semi-finals 2: Si Jalak Harupat, West Java Semi-finals 3: Haji Agus Salim, West Sumatra Semi-finals 4: Kanjuruhan, East Java Quarter-finals: Manahan, Central Java Group 1: Maguwoharjo, Special Region of Yogyakarta Group 2: Kanjuruhan, East Java Group 3: Si Jalak Harupat, West Java Group 4: Kapten I Wayan Dipta, Bali Group 5: Gelora Ratu Pamelingan, East Java PSSI tested some special rules for clubs at the 2017 Indonesia Presidents Cup before being used in 2017 Liga 1.

These regulations were. Five clubs were group winners plus the three best; the quarter-finals, final were single matches played at a neutral venue. Each club to sign at least five U-23 players and must play three of whom at least 45 minutes of game time. If one of the three U-23 players no injury, the player shall be replaced by the other U-23 players; each club was allowed to put more than three foreign players in the lineup. However, while playing in the field, the club must comply with the rules 2 + 1, or two non-Asian foreign players and one Asian player; each club was prohibited to put more than 2 players aged over 35 in the starting lineup. All matches played in the Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta Times listed were local All matches played in the Kepanjen, East Java Times listed were local All matches played in the Soreang, West Java Times listed were local All matches played in the Gianyar, Bali Times listed were local All matches played in the Pamekasan, East Java Times listed were local First Leg Second leg Pusamania Borneo won 5–3 on penalty kick.

Arema won 5–3 on aggregate. Note: Players and teams in bold were still active in the competition; as of 12 March 2017 11 goals 6 goals 5 goals 4 goals Atep Rizal3 goals 2 goals 1 goal 1 own goal 4 assists Esteban Vizcarra Febri Haryadi Marcel Sacramento3 assists Asri Akbar Rizky Pora2 assists 1 assists 5 clean sheets 4 clean sheets 3 clean sheets 2 clean sheets 1 clean sheets Champions: Arema FC Runner - Up: Pusamania Borneo Third Place: Persib Bandung Fourth Place: Semen Padang Best Referee: Musthofa Umarella Fair Play Team: Madura United Best Supporter: Persib Bandung Best Player: Adam Alis Top Scorer: Cristian Gonzáles Best Young Player: Febri Haryadi As per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time were counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs were counted as draws. 2017 Indonesian League 1 2017 Indonesian League 2 2017 Indonesian League 3