Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. It served as the state capital for nearly thirteen months from 1853 to 1854; the population was 26,997 at the 2010 census. The city is located along the north bank of the Carquinez Strait. Benicia is just east of Vallejo and across the strait from Martinez. Elizabeth Patterson has served as Mayor of Benicia since 2007; the town is divided into four areas: the East Side, the West Side and the industrial park. Most of the town's older homes are on the west sides. Southampton contains single-family housing developments and condominiums, most of which were built between 1970 and 2000; the East Side includes the Benicia Arsenal, a former United States Army armory, bought by the city and is now used for a variety of purposes, most notably as live-work spaces for artists. The Arsenal is home to several historic landmark buildings such as The Clock Tower, the Camel Barn, the Jefferson Street Mansion.
The industrial park lies to the northeast of the residential areas of the city, includes the Valero oil refinery. The Benicia State Recreation Area is on the far west edge of the city; the main retail area in Benicia is First Street, which attracts out-of-town antique and boutique shoppers and those seeking small-town, historic charm. In 1987 Benicia was selected to participate in the California Main Street Program. Connections to Benicia include Interstate 680 from Martinez to the south and Cordelia Junction to the north, Interstate 780, Columbus Parkway, other local roads from Vallejo to the west. Amtrak runs through the city north towards Sacramento, but the nearest train station lies in Martinez across the Carquinez Strait. Railroad tracks carrying Amtrak and Union Pacific Railroad lines cross the strait alongside the Benicia–Martinez Bridge; the City of Benicia was founded on May 19, 1847, by Dr. Robert Semple, Thomas O. Larkin, Comandante General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, on land sold to them by General Vallejo in December 1846.
It was named for Francisca Benicia Carillo de Vallejo. The General intended that the city be named "Francisca" after his wife, but this name was dropped when the former city of "Yerba Buena" changed its name to "San Francisco," so her second given name was used instead. In his memoirs, William Tecumseh Sherman contended that Benicia was "the best natural site for a commercial city" in the region. Benicia was the third site selected to serve as the California state capital, its newly constructed city hall was California's capitol from February 11, 1853, to February 25, 1854. Soon after the legislature was moved to the courthouse in Sacramento, which has remained the state capital since; the restored capitol is part of the Benicia Capitol State Historic Park, is the only building remaining of the state's early capitols, which were in San Jose and Vallejo. Benicia was the county seat of Solano County until 1858, when, moved to Fairfield; the original campus of Mills College was founded in Benicia in 1852 as the Young Ladies Seminary, was the first women's college west of the Rocky Mountains.
Before moving to Oakland in 1871, it was located on West I Street, just north of First Street. On June 5, 1889, the legendary prize fight between James J. Corbett and Joe Choynski was held on a barge off the coast of Benicia; the match lasted 28 rounds, is now commemorated by a plaque near Southampton Bay. From 1860 to 1861, Benicia was indirectly involved in the Pony Express; when riders missed their connection with a steamer in Sacramento, they would continue on to Benicia and cross over to Martinez via the ferry. One of the earliest companies in California, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, established a major shipyard in Benicia in the 19th century; the prolific shipbuilder Matthew Turner formed the Matthew Turner Shipyard at Benicia in 1883. Benicia became an important wheat shipping site, it was the site of the United States Army's Benicia Arsenal. In 1879, the Central Pacific Railroad rerouted the Sacramento-Oakland portion of its transcontinental line, establishing a major railroad ferry across the Carquinez Strait from Benicia to Port Costa.
The world's largest ferry, the Solano joined by the larger Contra Costa, carried entire trains across the Carquinez Strait from Benicia to Port Costa, from whence they continued on to the Oakland Pier. In 1901, the world's first long-distance powerline crossing over Carquinez Strait was built. After California's wheat output dropped in the early 20th century and after the Southern Pacific constructed a railroad bridge at Martinez in 1930 to replace the ferry crossing, Benicia declined until the economic boom of World War II, which doubled the population to about 7,000 residents. A major fire on March 22, 1945, destroyed a half-block of businesses, including the nearly-century-old “old brewery”, the Solano Hotel, with flames threatening the old state capitol, now an historical landmark. A roof fire was extinguished and the structure was not badly damaged. Losses were estimated at $125,000. Two developments in the early 1960s would change Benicia: The closing of the Benicia Arsenal in 1960–64, the completion of the Benicia–Martinez Bridge in 1962.
The closing of the Arsenal removed Benicia's traditional economic base, but allowed city leaders to create an industrial park on Arsenal land which provided more revenue for the city than the Army had. The completion of the Benicia-Martinez Bridge made it poss
Petter Solberg is a Norwegian former professional rally and rallycross driver. Solberg debuted in the World Rally Championship in 1998 and was signed by the Ford factory team in 1999; the following year, Solberg started his successful partnership with the Subaru World Rally Team. With the Subaru works team, Solberg finished runner-up to Marcus Grönholm in 2002 and became the first Norwegian to win the drivers' world title in 2003. In the following two seasons, he finished runner-up to Sébastien Loeb. Following Subaru's withdrawal from the WRC at the end of the 2008 season, Solberg secured private backing to start the Petter Solberg World Rally Team and competed with a Citroën Xsara WRC, a Citroën C4 WRC and a Citroën DS3 WRC, he switched to rallycross after the 2012 season and in 2014 became the inaugural winner of the FIA World Rallycross Championship, after five race wins and nine podium finishes. He repeated his title success the following year. Solberg won a nationwide RC car championship the Norwegian Tamiya Cup in 1987 at the age of 13 as he inherited his interest of motorsport through his parents, mother Tove and father Terje, who were keen bilcross competitors and rallycross enthusiasts.
He used to help out around the home farm rebuilding competition cars, as he was not yet old enough to drive. Solberg entered his first bilcross in 1992, three days after his 18th birthday and only one day after he got his driving license, he went on to become Norwegian champion in rallycross as well as hillclimb in both 1995 and 1996. In 1995 he took part in his maiden rally, the Norwegian Rally Bjørkelangen, by driving a Volvo 240 in the Volvo Original class, his female co-driver by was Maud from Sweden, nowadays spouse of his older brother Henning. In 1998 Solberg became the Norwegian Rally Champion, his brother Henning won this title five times in a row between 1999 and 2003. By this time and with the aid of his compatriot John Haugland, who helped him on events in the late 1990s, the World Rally Championship team bosses were starting to recognize Solberg's potential and by the end of 1998, after winning a comparative test drive, he agreed to drive for three years as a junior pilot for the Ford Motor Company.
Expected by Malcolm Wilson to maintain a somewhat lower profile, Solberg became a nominated points-scorer for Ford on, of all events, the gruelling test, the Safari Rally in early 1999, after usual understudy to the team's star driver Colin McRae, Thomas Rådström, suffered an injury and was subsequently ruled out from taking part. He stunned many by scoring both drivers and manufacturers points. In 2000 however, Solberg was able to leave Ford's M-Sport outfit prematurely, due to an insufficient contract, to sign with the Subaru World Rally Team led by a driving staff of Richard Burns and Juha Kankkunen, his first podium had to wait until the Acropolis Rally, Greece the following year, as an altruistic Solberg forsook as many of his own points as possible, as he did in dropping voluntarily from 4th to 5th in Corsica, to assist his senior teammate Burns in sneaking to the title. In 2002 with four-time champion Tommi Mäkinen installed as his new teammate in the light of Burns' departure to Peugeot, Solberg won his first WRC event in Wales after a consistent display of driving prowess and an unlikely accident by Marcus Grönholm.
In 2003, Solberg beat fellow WRC young-gun, Citroen-mounted Sébastien Loeb at the Wales Rally GB, launching him to his second win in Wales and his first and only World Rally Championship title. Solberg became the first Norwegian to win the drivers' world title. In his title defence however, Solberg's winning of five of a possible sixteen events, including the hat-trick making Wales Rally GB, proved insufficient to deny the title to a now efficient Loeb. On Solberg's part, a unfortunate string of bad luck was encapsulated by three DNFs in mid-season. Welcoming a new teammate for the year in Australian Chris Atkinson, who replaced the disappointing Finn, the former Champion's SWRT teammate throughout 2004, Mikko Hirvonen, Solberg started his 2005 season brightly as he sought an immediate answer to Loeb, the Norwegian winning two of the first three events, in Sweden and Mexico; these successes coincided with the early seizing of a championship lead. He was, soon overtaken by a rampant Loeb, was left to score 71 points for the year, pipping Peugeot's Marcus Grönholm to the championship runner-up spot on a tie break.
He added an unwanted Wales Rally GB win after the death in a day three crash of fellow competitor Markko Märtin's co-driver, Michael Park, with Loeb sacrificing his victory on the road in order to avoid having to celebrate the title. Solberg won three rallies in all, though was affected by bad luck while challenging for wins at the end of the season, most notably on the Telstra Rally Australia, where he was forced to retire after striking a wayward kangaroo. For 2006, Solberg continued his partnership with the Subaru team, driving a new version of the Impreza WRC, his main sponsor was 24SevenOffice with a Norwegian record. His results, proved patchy in comparison to Loeb. While Loeb went on to register five rally victories on the bounce in a run Citroën Xsara WRC, his winning of the title unhampered by breaking his arm at an advanced stage of the season, Solberg could only comparatively muster a handful of runner-up places on rallies all season — in Mexico and Australia. Failure to claw his way any higher than si
Pincus Jacob Wolfson was an American writer turned screenwriter and film producer. Pincus Jacob Wolfson was born to Russian-Jewish immigrants in New York City, his father worked as a plumber and he studied pharmacy at Fordham University. While working in a pharmacy in Madison Square Garden, he wrote his first novels. Wolfson published his first novel, Bodies Are Dust, in 1931, his success and that of his three following novels helped him become a writer and producer in Hollywood. Until the end of his life, he worked for the biggest production companies such as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, RKO Pictures, Columbia Pictures, Paramount Pictures, he wrote numerous scripts for television. He produced 30 episodes of the television series I Married Joan between 1952 and 1955. Bodies Are Dust, published twice in two different titles in French, was called a "masterpiece" by Jean-Patrick Manchette. Novels Bodies Are Dust Summer Hotel All Women Die My Flesh of Brass How Sharp the Point Director1939: Boy Slaves with Anne ShirleyWriter1933: Picture Snatcher by Lloyd Bacon with James Cagney 1933: The Tourbillon Dance by Robert Z. Leonard with Joan Crawford and Clark Gable 1935: Reckless Youth by Victor Fleming with Jean Harlow and William Powell 1935: The Mad Love of Hands by Karl Freund with Peter Lorre and Frances Drake 1936: Carolyn wants to Divorce by Leigh Jason with Barbara Stanwyck, Gene Raymond and Robert Young 1937: The Enterprising Mr. Petrov by Mark Sandrich with Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers 1937: Sea Devils by Benjamin Stoloff with Victor McLaglen and Preston Foster 1938: Marriage Incognito by George Stevens with Ginger Rogers and James Stewart 1939: Allegheny Uprising by William A. Seiter with Claire Trevor and John Wayne 1940: Vigil in the Night by George Stevens with Carole Lombard and Brian Aherne 1940: He Stayed for Breakfast by Alexander Hall with Loretta Young and Melvyn Douglas 1941: Our Wife by John M. Stahl with Melvyn Douglas, Ruth Hussey and Ellen Drew 1942: Embrace the Bride by Alexander Hall with Joan Crawford and Melvyn Douglas 1947: Suddenly, It's Spring by Mitchell Leisen with Paulette Goddard and Fred MacMurray 1947: The Exploits of Pearl White by George Marshall with Betty Hutton and John Lund 1948: Saigon by Leslie Fenton with Alan Ladd and Veronica LakeProducer1938: The Mad Miss Manton by Leigh Jason with Barbara Stanwyck and Henry Fonda 1939: Boy Slaves 1939: Allegheny Uprising by William A. Seiter with Claire Trevor and John Wayne 1943: My Kingdom for a Cook by Richard Wallace with Charles Coburn, Marguerite Chapman, Bill Carter.
1948: Saigon by Leslie Fenton with Alan Ladd and Veronica Lake Claude Mesplède. Editions Encrage. Les années "Série noire": bibliographie critique d'une collection policière 1945–1959. 1. Amiens. ISBN 978-2-906-38934-2. Claude Mesplède. Editions Encrage. Les années "Série noire": bibliographie critique d'une collection policière 1966–1972. 22. 3. Amiens. ISBN 978-2-906-38953-3. Claude Mesplède. Futuropolis. SN, voyage au bout de la Noire: inventaire de 732 auteurs et de leurs œuvres publiés en séries Noire et Blème: suivi d'une filmographie complète. Paris. P. 476. OCLC 11972030. P. J. Wolfson on IMDb