Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten was an English composer and pianist. He was a central figure of 20th-century British classical music, with a range of works including opera, other vocal music and chamber pieces, his best-known works include the opera Peter Grimes, the War Requiem and the orchestral showpiece The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. Born in Lowestoft, the son of a dentist, Britten showed talent from an early age, he studied at the Royal College of Music in London and with the composer Frank Bridge. Britten first came to public attention with the a cappella choral work A Boy was Born in 1934. With the premiere of Peter Grimes in 1945, he leapt to international fame. Over the next 28 years, he wrote 14 more operas, establishing himself as one of the leading 20th-century composers in the genre. In addition to large-scale operas for Sadler's Wells and Covent Garden, he wrote "chamber operas" for small forces, suitable for performance in venues of modest size. Among the best known of these is The Turn of the Screw.
Recurring themes in his operas include the struggle of an outsider against a hostile society and the corruption of innocence. Britten's other works range from orchestral to choral, solo vocal and instrumental as well as film music, he took a great interest in writing music for children and amateur performers, including the opera Noye's Fludde, a Missa Brevis, the song collection Friday Afternoons. He composed with particular performers in mind, his most frequent and important muse was his personal and professional partner, the tenor Peter Pears. Britten was a celebrated pianist and conductor, performing many of his own works in concert and on record, he performed and recorded works by others, such as Bach's Brandenburg Concertos, Mozart symphonies, song cycles by Schubert and Schumann. Together with Pears and the librettist and producer Eric Crozier, Britten founded the annual Aldeburgh Festival in 1948, he was responsible for the creation of Snape Maltings concert hall in 1967. In his last year, he was the first composer to be given a life peerage.
Britten was born in the fishing port of Lowestoft in Suffolk, on the east coast of England on 22 November 1913, the feast day of Saint Cecilia. He was the youngest of his wife Edith Rhoda, née Hockey. Robert Britten's youthful ambition to become a farmer had been thwarted by lack of capital, he had instead trained as a dentist, a profession he practised but without pleasure. While studying at Charing Cross Hospital in London he met Edith Hockey, the daughter of a civil service clerk in the British Government's Home Office, they were married in September 1901 at Smith Square, London. The consensus among biographers of Britten is that his father was a loving but somewhat stern and remote parent. Britten, according to his sister Beth, "got on well with him and shared his wry sense of humour, dedication to work and capacity for taking pains". Edith Britten was secretary of the Lowestoft Musical Society. In the English provinces of the early 20th century, distinctions of social class were taken seriously.
Britten described his family as "very ordinary middle class", but there were aspects of the Brittens that were not ordinary: Edith's father was illegitimate, her mother was an alcoholic. Music was the principal means by which Edith Britten strove to maintain the family's social standing, inviting the pillars of the local community to musical soirées at the house; when Britten was three months old he contracted pneumonia and nearly died. The illness left him with a damaged heart, doctors warned his parents that he would never be able to lead a normal life, he recovered more than expected, as a boy was a keen tennis player and cricketer. To his mother's great delight he was an outstandingly musical child, unlike his sisters, who inherited their father's indifference to music, while his brother, though musically talented, was interested only in ragtime. Edith gave the young Britten his first lessons in notation, he made his first attempts at composition. He started piano lessons when he was seven years old, three years began to play the viola.
He was one of the last composers brought up on live music: his father refused to have a gramophone or a radio in the house. When he was seven Britten was sent to a dame school, run by the Misses Astle; the younger sister, gave him piano lessons. The following year he moved on to South Lodge, Lowestoft, as a day boy; the headmaster, Thomas Sewell, was an old-fashioned disciplinarian. He himself fell foul of Sewell, a mathematician, in which subject Britten was a star pupil; the school had no musical tradition, Britten continued to study the piano with Ethel Astle. From the age of ten he took viola lessons from a friend of his mother, Audrey Alston, a professional player before her marriage. In his spare time he composed prolifically; when his Simple Symphony, based on these juvenilia, was recorded in 1956, Britten wrote this pen-portrait of his young self for the sleeve note: Once upon a time t
Turbo Dogs is a Canadian/New Zealand animated television comedy series based on the book by Bob Kolar. Co-produced by Canada's CCI Entertainment and New Zealand's Huhu Studios in association with The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and Scholastic Entertainment with preproduction by Smiley Guy Studios, the series premiered in the United States on Qubo on October 3, 2008 and in Canada on CBC Television as part of the Kids' CBC programming block on December 22, 2008, ended on May 4, 2011. Canine friends Dash, Strut, Clutch, GT learn lessons in friendship, fair play, teamwork as they pull together to protect their reputations as the fastest dogs in Racerville in the animated series adapted from Bob Kolar's book Racer Dogs. Dash - A selfless, thoughtful beagle with a heart of a gold and a healthy spirit of competition, Dash is the leader of the Turbo Dogs who always plays fair, his colors are red and white and his player number is 1, colored blue. His gloves have the same color as his number, he does try hard.
He is very tidy and neat. In one episode it was shown that Dash has a large collection of racing memorabilia and model cars. Dash may have a crush on Mags, he is voiced by Lyon Smith. Mags - Clear-headed and cool under pressure, Mags is an American Cocker Spaniel, the only female Turbo Dog. Never bossy or overbearing, she is one tough girl, she is responsible and cheerful, tends to be the voice of reason when things go awry. She owns a pet hamster named Lulu, her colors are purple and orange, her player number is 2. When her helmet is off, she's revealed to have purple hairbands, she is voiced by Stacey DePass. GT - GT is a bulldog, a natural born inventor and mechanic, his colors are blue and white and his player number is 3. It is said that GT can fix just about any car, "could make an engine out of a leash and some empty dog food cans", he is voiced by Dan Petronijevic. Strut - A dachshund, his own worst enemy, Strut makes up for his small size by making big plans, that sometimes backfire, he wants to win so badly that he'll take shortcuts to make it happen.
His colors are blue and yellow and his player number is 5. His car has six tires unlike all the other cars, he is the only one of the Turbo Dogs who uses his car's special apparatus to give him an unfair advantage during the races, however it ends up with him spinning out or crashing. If there's a way to get what he wants without working for it, you can be sure, he is voiced by Joris Jarsky. Stinkbert - Stinkbert is a terrier with a strong odor who likes garbage, his colors are chartreuse and goldenrod and his player number is 6. He is a Lakeland Terrier, he is shown to have a relaxed personality. One of his talents is cooking, he is voiced by Hadley Kay. Clutch - Clutch is a Turbo Dog, just a bit of a klutz, he is a Bernese Mountain Dog. While all the dogs like him, he's closest to Strut and Stinkbert than he is to Dash, Mags, or GT; as a result, he gets mixed up in Strut's dastardly plans. His colors are green and yellow and his player number is 7. He's voiced by Peter Cugno. Cam - A Beagle, the announcer for every race.
He is seen on the large display screen on the side of his personal airship that he flies above the racetrack during races. He is voiced by Terry McGurrin. Ump - A German Shepherd, Ump is Racerville Raceway's track official, he is the flagman for every race, enforces the track rules. He is voiced by Ron Pardo. Five- A pizza delivery dog, in charge in the Dog-Gone Pizzeria, Five is seen travelling on his pizza-delivery scooter, he got his name from his "less" delivery policy. He is voiced by Joseph Motiki; the Chicken - A chicken who attempts to cross the road/track in every episode, is costumed according to the theme of that particular segment. However, no matter how he looks both ways, he is always narrowly missed by whoever is driving by and sent spinning to the other side of the road, but unharmed. Marlene - A spaniel who runs "Marlene's", the shop where the Turbo Dogs get their racing helmets and suits, she is voiced by Shakura S'Aida. Officer Sarge Gruffer - A retriever, a member of the local highway patrol.
When the Turbo Dogs got lost in the fog during a race through the countryside, his laugh was able to guide them home. He is voiced by Ron Rubin. Zanner Howler - A young dog, one half of "the Howler Brothers", is Dash's biggest fan, he wears a large, gold dog tag around his neck, blue pants and brown sandals. He likes playing golf, watching TV with his friend Dash, eating snacks, hanging out with his best friend Fanner. Zanner is from Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Ukraine, he is voiced by Peter Cugno. Fanner Howler - A small terrier who, along with Zanner, is the other half of "the Howler Brothers", he wears racing gloves and sometimes the Turbo Dogs. He is voiced by Terry McGurrin. Rock Rally - A German Shepherd and Dash's idol, Rock is a movie-star who makes racing movies. Upon visiting the Turbo Dogs home track to make a new film, Dash is pressed into service to double for him in the driving scenes. Dash soon discovers that the reason for this is driving makes Rock "very nervous", he doesn't do his own driving in his films.
He is voiced by Dwayne Hill. Auntie Ratchet - Dash's aunt. A bright cheerful little dog who lives in the country, Auntie Ratchet is an inventor and former racer with a surprising number of skills, which she demonstrates, she is voiced by Catherine Disher. Wrenchini – Wrenchini is the local master mechanic and garage owner, idolized
New World School of the Arts is a public magnet high school and college in Downtown Miami, Florida. Its dual-enrollment programs in the visual and performing arts are organized into four strands: visual arts, dance and music; the New World School of the Arts was a pioneer in dual-enrollment education, arising out of an experiment between Miami Northwestern High School and Dade Community College. NWSA was formally created as an outcome of that experiment by the 1986 New World School of the Arts Act of the Florida State Legislature as "a center of excellence for the performing and visual art", with the stated intention "that specific attention be given to the needs of artistically talented high school students who are occupationally oriented to the arts."The school is jointly administered by Miami-Dade County Public Schools, Miami Dade College, the University of Florida. The administrative structure includes an executive board with representatives from each of the partners as well as community seats and a foundation board.
The school awards an Associate of Arts degree from Miami Dade College, Bachelor of Fine Arts and Bachelor of Music degrees from the University of Florida, a high school degree from the Miami Dade County schools. Admissions into the high school are through the Miami Dade Visual and Performing Arts Magnet Program, requiring an audition and/or portfolio. New World High School is rated #149 in the national rankings for best high schools, #17 in rankings for best Florida high schools and #42 magnet schools in accordance with the 2018 U. S. News & World Report. In 2009, NWSA was 82nd in this ranking. Both the college and the high school are accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools; the vision of PAVAC was to integrate Miami Northwestern High School and provide high-quality arts training for students in Dade County. The original PAVAC director was Jackie, with Dr. Everett Abney serving as principal. At that time, Ms. Samiento served as Charlie Austin as music instructor. Samiento took over as director when Jackie relocated out of state.
In the early days of PAVAC, Irene Fox was the Modern Dance instructor and Shelley Fox was hired as the ballet instructor-choreographer. After Irene Fox left the program, Shelley Fox continued to recruit students from Dade County Public Schools, she developed a high quality performing company. The PAVAC program provided students with busing from their local high school to Miami Northwestern for the afternoon arts classes; the PAVAC Dancers performed at Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, at locations on Miami Beach, Florida state conferences and festivals, on local TV stations. The highlight of the program was the premier of Richard Strauss' original ballet Death and Transfiguration at Miami Dade Jr. College North. At that time, the PAVAC ballet program was the only department that integrated Miami Northwestern High School. Kendell Bently-Baker, inspired by the academic success of that program, attempting to take greater advantage of the facilities and faculty of Miami Dade College known as Miami Dade Community College, proposed the creation of a dual-enrollment school of the arts: morning academics were to be at the student's home high school.
Upon high school graduation, the student received a diploma from the home high school and college credits for the art classes, awarded through MDC. In summer 1982, county auditions were held for 10th–12th graders. In fall 1982, two dual-enrollment PAVACs opened, one at the North Campus of MDCC, "PAVAC North", headed by Kendell Bently-Baker. Marcy Samiento continued to serve as DCPS coordinator. At that time, many Miami-Dade high schools served only 10th–12th grade; the first PAVAC dual-enrollment graduates were in 1983. The Miami Northwestern High School program continued as before the creation of PAVAC, is among the PVA magnet programs in the Miami-Dade County school system. In 1984, Marcy Sarmiento, Kandell Bentley-Baker and Richard Janaro were asked to plan a successor school to PAVAC. Knowing they would need approval from the Florida Legislature they enlisted civic leader and lobbyist Seth Gordon to join them. Gordon was elected to serve as the first chair of the Executive Board of the school and served in that capacity for six years.
They studied other arts schools in the country, visiting LaGuardia High School and the North Carolina School of the Arts. A bill creating the "South Florida School of the Arts" passed the Florida House of Representatives on May 30, 1984. Soon afterwards, the New World name was chosen as part of larger plans for urban and cultural development which included the eponymous New World Symphony Orchestra, to avoid confusion with the Florida School of the Arts; the Florida legislature passed the "New World School of the Arts Act" in 1986. The NWSA opened its doors in fall 1987; the continuing students at PAVAC's North and South transitioned into NWSA, as did many of PAVAC's faculty. NWSA issued its first high school diploma in 1988 to the former PAVAC students. NWSA enrolled its first freshman college students in 1988. In order to award a BFA, it partnered with Florida International University. On January 12, 1994 University of Florida replaced FIU in this partnership; the first graduating cla