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Benjamin Spock

Benjamin McLane Spock was an American pediatrician whose book Baby and Child Care is one of the best-selling volumes in history. The book's premise to mothers is that "you know more than you think you do."Spock was the first pediatrician to study psychoanalysis to try to understand children's needs and family dynamics. His ideas about childcare influenced several generations of parents to be more flexible and affectionate with their children, to treat them as individuals. However, his theories were widely criticized by colleagues for relying too on anecdotal evidence rather than serious academic research. Spock was an activist in the New Left and anti Vietnam War movements during the 1960s and early 1970s. At the time, his books were criticized for propagating permissiveness and an expectation of instant gratification which led young people to join these movements—a charge that Spock denied. Spock won an Olympic gold medal in rowing in 1924 while attending Yale University. Benjamin McLane Spock was born May 1903, in New Haven, Connecticut.

His name came from Dutch ancestry. As did his father before him, Spock attended Yale University. Prior to that he attended Hamden Hall Country Day School. Spock studied literature and history at Yale, was active in athletics, becoming a part of the Olympic rowing crew that won a gold medal at the 1924 games in Paris. At Yale, he was inducted into the Eta chapter of the Zeta Psi fraternity and into the senior society Scroll and Key, he attended the Yale School of Medicine for two years before shifting to Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, from which he graduated first in his class in 1929. By that time, he had married Jane Cheney. Jane Cheney married Spock in 1927 and assisted him in the research and writing of Dr. Spock's Baby & Child Care, published in 1946 by Duell, Sloan & Pearce as The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care; the book has sold more than 50 million copies in 42 languages. Jane Cheney Spock was a civil liberties mother of two sons, she was born in Manchester and attended Bryn Mawr College.

She was active in Americans for Democratic Action, the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy. Jane and Benjamin Spock divorced in 1976. Following their divorce, she ran support groups for older divorced women. In 1976, Spock married Mary Morgan, they built a home in Arkansas, on Beaver Lake. Mary adapted to Spock's life of travel and political activism, she was arrested with him many times for civil disobedience. Once they were arrested in Washington, D. C. for praying on the White House lawn, along with other demonstrators. When arrested, Morgan was strip, she sued the jail and the mayor of Washington, D. C. for sex discrimination. The American Civil Liberties Union took the case, won. Morgan introduced Spock to massage, a macrobiotic diet, meditation, which improved his health. Mary scheduled his speaking dates and handled the legal agreements for Baby and Child Care for the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th editions, she continues to publish the book with the help of co-author Robert Needlman.

Baby and Child Care still sells worldwide. For most of his life, Spock wore Brooks Brothers suits and shirts with detachable collars, but at age 75, for the first time in his life, Mary Morgan got him to try blue jeans, she introduced him to Transactional analysis therapists, joined him in meditation twice a day, cooked him a macrobiotic diet. "She gave me back my youth", Spock would tell reporters. He adapted to her lifestyle. There were 40 years difference in their ages, but Spock would tell reporters, when questioned about their age difference, that they were both 16. For many years Spock lived aboard his sailboat, the Carapace, in the British Virgin Islands, off Tortola. At age 84, Spock won 3rd place in a rowing contest, crossing 4 miles of the Sir Francis Drake Channel between Tortola and Norman Island in 2.5 hours. He credited his strength and good health to his love for life. Spock had a second sailboat named Turtle, which he sailed in Maine in the summers, they lived only with no house, for most of 20 years.

At the end of Spock's life, he was advised to come ashore by his physician, Steve Pauker, of New England Medical Center, Boston. In 1992, Spock received the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library for his lifelong commitment to disarmament and peaceable child-rearing. Spock died at a house he was renting in La Jolla, California, on March 15, 1998, his ashes are buried in Maine. In 1946, Spock published his book The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care, which became a bestseller, its message to mothers is that "you know more than you think you do." By 1998 it had sold more than 50 million copies, had been translated into 42 languages. According to the New York Times and Child Care was, throughout its first 52 years, the second-best-selling book, next to the Bible. According to other sources, it was among best-sellers, albeit not second-best-selling. Spock advocated ideas about parenting. Over time, his books helped to bring about major change. Experts had told parents that babies needed to learn to sleep on a regular schedule, that picking them up and holdi

First Serbian Volunteer Division

The First Serbian Volunteer Division or First Serbian Division, was a military formation of the First World War, created by Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Pašić, organised in the city of Odessa in early 1916. It was made up of volunteers from the Serbian diaspora and ethnic Serbian and south Slavic prisoners of war, from the Austro-Hungarian army, detained in Russia, who sought the opportunity to fight for their people. Though the Serbian volunteers outnumbered all the other ethnic group, the force holds a significant place in World War I history due both to its intermingling of different ethnicities, including Bosnians and Slovaks, as well as its role in the final military operations of the Salonika Front. In 1916 a mission of the Serbian army went to Russia and started organising the Serbian prisoners of war captured by the Russians in their early offensives against the Austro-Hungarian army but Croats from Dalmatia and Slovenes who chose to join in the spirit of Yugoslav unity. Fighting on behalf of the Russian government's cause of pan-Slavic unity, the division started out 18,000 strong.

Tsar Nicholas II, while eager to use the Serbian diaspora for his own purposes, felt reluctant at first to set up the Volunteer Division given that recruiting prisoners of war to fight against their former country is considered a war crime under the Hague Conventions. The Volunteer Division featured a number of Czech and Slovak officers before they transferred to the Czechoslovak armed forces gathering in Russia known as the Legion. Enlisted in the Russian 47th Corps, the Serb First Division was sent on the Dobrudja front to fight the Bulgarians as well as Turkish and German units, the Division showed high combat morale, but was restrained by inadequate equipment and the campaign ended with 8,539 dead and wounded. After the start of the February Revolution as many as 12 735 soldiers left the Corps. In April 1917 the Pašić cabinet, under pressure from former POW officers, by the revolutionary changes happening in Russia at the time, created a second division and changed the name of the force to the "Serbs and Slovenes Volunteer Corps".

The Serb officers considering the unit as a part of the Serbian army led to the resignations of 149 Croat and Slovene officers and 12,741 men who joined Russian units instead. On 29 July 1917, General Mihajlo Zivković became Corps Commander. In 1917, it was decided to send the Corps to the Macedonian Front; the first division, 10,000 strong was able to leave Russia travelling west reaching Salonika at the end of the year. In the meantime, the Bolsheviks had seized power and decided to put every possible obstacle in the journey of the remaining 6,000 men, denying them the route to the West, forcing them to go via the Trans-Siberian to China to Japanese held Port Arthur. From there, they were sent on a ship to Hong Kong to Egypt, on to Salonika; the first company arrived on 29 March 1918 at the Serbian camp at Mikra after travelling 14,000 miles in eleven weeks. The two divisions were restored and rearmed by the Allied Army of the Orient under French command, a new Yugoslav unit was created on 14 January 1918 within the Serbian army, the 1st Yugoslav Division.

According to the American historian Alfred Rieber, while playing a role in crucial fighting on the Eastern Front, the exploits of both Serbian divisions became magnified for propaganda purposes by nationalists. In retrospect, tensions both on and off the battlefield that existed not just in terms of ethnic heritage but related to economic class and political ideology while fighters faced a common enemy in the Central Powers, foreshadowed conflicts in the future nation of Yugoslavia. According to Stevan Hadžić Dobruja was: "where all three brothers, Serb and Slovene, fought for the first time shoulder to shoulder for liberation and unification". A white pyramid memorial known as the "Monument to the Heroes of the First Serbian Volunteer Division" is located as a part of a cemetery complex in Medgidia, a city in southeastern Romania near the Black Sea; the monument was dedicated in 1926 as a token of gratitude for the heroic struggle of all units of the First Serbian volunteer division. The area itself houses the remains of thousands.

In a 2013 ceremony, local mayor Marian Iordache remarked, "We can never forget their achievement... so it shall remain until the end of time". Serbian Wikipedia Article Balkan Theatre of World War I Modern history of Serbia Pan-Slavism Serbian Volunteers Marcia Kurapovna. Shadows on the Mountain: The Allies, the Resistance, the Rivalries. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-61563-8. Alan Palmer; the Gardeners of Salonika: The Macedonian Campaign 1915-1918. Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-28093-3. Alfred J. Rieber; the Struggle for the Eurasian Borderlands: From the Rise of Early Modern Empires to the End of the First World War. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-139-86796-2. Noel Malcolm. Bosnia: A Short History. NYU Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-5561-7. Ivo Banac; the National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, Politics. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-1-5017-0193-1. Vojnoistorijski institut. Jugoslovenski dobrovoljački korpus u Rusiji: prilog istoriji dobrovoljačkog pokreta, 1914-1918. Vojnoizdavački zavod "Vojno delo,". John Paul Newman.

Yugoslavia in the Shadow of War: Veterans and the Limits of State Building, 1903–1945. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-07076-9. Volunteer Corps of Serbs and Slovenes

No Way (Run On album)

No Way is the second album by Run On, released on February 25, 1997 through Matador Records. All tracks are written by Run On, except "Road" by Nick Drake and "Sinner Man", traditional. Run OnRick Brown – drums, marimba, programming Sue Garner – bass guitar, piano, design Katie Gentileviolin, cowbell, backing vocals Alan Licht – guitar, chord organ, vocalsProduction and additional personnelHugh Hamrick – painting Rod Hui – mixing on "Something Sweet", "Road" and "Sinner Man" Brent Lambert – mastering Casey Rice – engineering, mixing No Way at Discogs

Russian pyramid

Russian pyramid known as Russian billiard is a form of pocket billiards played on a modified snooker table with narrower pockets. It is popular across Eastern Europe as well as countries of the former Soviet Union/Eastern Bloc. A variant with colored balls modeled on those of pool is known as Russian pool. In Western countries, the game is known as pyramid billiards, or pyramid within professional circle. Russian pyramid is considered to be one of the most difficult billiards games. Table: Playing-surface sizes vary; the usual range include: 7 × 3.5 foot. The slate used in Russian pyramid tables are thinner than those of pool and snooker tables, but are heated, similar to carom billiards table. In the United States, it is common for amateur and non-professional players to play Russian pyramid on a regular pool table in pool halls or private homes. Balls: There are sixteen balls, as in pool, but the numbered balls are white, the cue ball is red or yellow. Up to 70 millimetres in diameter, they are heavier than Western billiard balls.

Smaller balls – e.g. 63 mm, 60 mm, 57 millimetres – are available for the smaller table sizes. Pockets: The corner pockets are only 3 mm wider than the diameter of the ball; the middle pockets, are 12-13 mm wider than the diameter of the ball. This makes the game's mechanics like an oversized version of snooker, requiring greater precision to pocket a ball in such tight pockets than in pool, which has a much larger pocket size in relation to the balls. Cues: Due to larger ball size, the cues used for Russian pyramid are thicker and heavier than those of pool cues, the tip diameter is wider, in comparison to 10-13 mm used in pool cues. Specialty shots like massé and jump shot are more difficult to perform with a Russian pyramid cue, due to its heavier nature; these shots are not allowed in official tournaments, doing so may result in a foul. There are several rule variations of Russian pyramid. All games begin with fifteen numbered white balls racked in a pyramid pack, as in straight pool, eight-ball and blackball.

Players may pocket any object balls on the table regardless of number, the first player to pocket eight or more balls wins the frame. In addition, shots do not have to be called. Depending on the game variant some specific balls may have to be in specific positions within the rack; the first player breaks the rack with the cue ball from just in front of the baulk line. The three most common varieties are the following, each of which has slight local variations on the rules: Free pyramid Like Chinese eight-ball, at any point, any ball may be used as the cue ball. Players can pocket the ball they struck if it hits another ball first, with the goal being to carom the struck ball off of one or more other balls into a pocket. Should the struck ball be pocketed without striking any other balls, the shot is a foul and that ball is spotted behind the baulk line. Dynamic pyramid. Players can pocket the cue ball with a carom shot off another ball and the scorer must choose an object ball to be taken off the table.

The player has ball in-hand and may place it anywhere on the table but may not pocket it until the next stroke, otherwise it is a foul. Combined pyramid Rules are the same as in dynamic pyramid, except that, after the cue ball is pocketed, the cue ball is spotted between the head rail and head/baulk, but not on top of that line. In pool, this part of the table is called the kitchen and the Russian equivalent is дом,'house'. Classical pyramidRules are similar to fifteen-ball pool; the object is to score at least 71 points. For each pocketed object ball, the player wins the number of points on the ball; the last remaining ball on the table, regardless of its number, is worth 10 points. The total number of points is 130. Since 2000, Russian Pyramid World Championships have been held for Russian pyramid; the world governing body for the sport, establishing published rules and equipment standards, is the International Pyramid Committee, with its largest regional affiliate being the European Pyramid Committee.

Anastasia Luppova Alexander Palamar Evgeny Stalev Yaroslav Tarnovetskyi Diana Mironova Evgeniya Peterson Anna Mazhirina The so-called "American" version, free pyramid, adapts well to use in fiction because of its simple rules, has featured prominently in notable Russian films such as The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed and The New Adventures of the Elusive Avengers. An episode of the popular animated television series Kikoriki has two characters playing the game. Main characters of Dead Man's Bluff, or Zhmurki play Russian pool in the bar scene. Nowadays, the game is popular to be simulated as a video game mobile game on Android devices. Many developers and producers have

Aisha Musa el-Said

Aisha Musa el-Said is a Sudanese translator, serving as a member of the Sovereignty Council of Sudan, the country's collective head of state since 21 August 2019. Musa is one of six civilians to hold seats in the 11-member transitional government council, which took power following the Sudanese Revolution. Musa and fellow Sovereignty Council member Raja Nicola are the first two women in modern Sudanese history to hold the role of a head of state. Musa is known as a women's rights activist and for advocating for improved and more decentralized education, for the practical application of acquired knowledge in Sudan. Musa holds a master's degree from the University of Manchester. In 1965, she obtained a two-year TEFL diploma at the University of Leeds in England. During the visit, she carried out research related to her doctoral studies and held the role of Secretary of the Sudanese Students Society. Musa has been a member of the Trustees of the al-Tayeb Salih International Awards committee. In January 2018, she was Chairperson of the Ghada Award for Young Writers Committee.

In January 2018, Musa held professorship positions in two Saudi universities. Musa was active in the women's right movement in Sudan for several decades. Under the August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration, Musa was nominated by the Forces of Freedom and Change alliance as one of the civilian members of the Sovereignty Council, the collective head of state of Sudan during the 39-month transition period that began in August 2019. In 2018, Musa argued that the "socially unique case" of Sudan's mixed Arabic–African identity and ethnicity had been mismanaged since Sudan became an independent state, stating, "This stable understanding and build of a Sudanese identity was shattered by misgivings and mistakes created by different governments since Independence." She stated that governments of Sudan had been "the real heirs of colonial policies" and had failed to encourage education. She said that the governments had centralised "administration and knowledge, the unfair distribution of the tools and means of a better life stunted'production' of the vital needs of people in distant areas of the vast country and people exodused to Khartoum to acquire ready made stuff."Musa argued against purely theoretical knowledge, stating, "Knowledge, without field work and atmosphere for practical application, stays a philosophy for theoretical contemplations....

Available technologies and end products at hand are abused. Because knowledge production and investing of products are complementary, she favours good coordination between a translator and writer, faithfulness of the translator to the original quality of the text

2020 Vermont elections

A general election will be held in the U. S. state of Vermont on November 3, 2020. All of Vermont's executive officers will be up for election as well as Vermont's at-large seat in the United States House of Representatives. Primary elections will be held on August 11, 2020; the incumbent representative is Democrat Peter Welch. The incumbent governor is Republican Phil Scott. Incumbent Progressive/Democratic Lieutenant Governor Dave Zuckerman declined to run for a third term, is instead running for governor. Tim Ashe, President pro tempore of the Vermont Senate Brenda Siegel, opioid epidemic and Brattleboro hurricane relief activist, southern Vermont nonprofit founder and executive director, candidate for governor in 2018 Incumbent Progressive lieutenant governor David Zuckerman is not running for a third term. Brenda Siegel, opioid epidemic and Brattleboro hurricane relief activist, southern Vermont nonprofit founder and executive director, candidate for governor in 2018 David Zuckerman, incumbent lieutenant governor The incumbent secretary of state is Democrat Jim Condos.

Jim Condos, incumbent secretary of state The incumbent treasurer is Democrat Beth Pearce. Beth Pearce, incumbent treasurer The incumbent attorney general is Democrat T. J. Donovan. T. J. Donovan, incumbent attorney general The incumbent auditor is Democrat/Progressive Doug Hoffer. Doug Hoffer, incumbent auditor Doug Hoffer, incumbent auditor All 30 seats in the Vermont Senate and all 150 seats of the Vermont House of Representatives will be up for election; the balance of political power before the elections for each chamber was: Some county level offices will be up for election. The balance of political power before and after the elections for each office was: Candidates at Vote Smart Candidates at BallotpediaOfficial Lieutenant Governor campaign websitesOfficial Attorney General campaign websitesOfficial Auditor of Accounts campaign websites