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Benskins Brewery

Benskins was the pre-eminent brewery in Watford, Hertfordshire's biggest brewer until its acquisition by Ind Coope in 1957. While Benskins has not existed as an independent company for over half a century, the brand continues to be well known in north London and Hertfordshire, through being used as a brand name on many tied houses into the 1990s, in some cases later. Benskins had its roots in the brewery founded in Watford by John Pope, a local miller and baker around 1693; the brewery was inherited by his second son, Daniel Pope in 1722, passed to Daniel's sister Sarah Pope and her husband William Dyson in 1741 at his death. For the next three generations part of the brewery was inherited by a John Dyson each of whom bought out his co-heirs; when the third John Dyson died in 1867 the brewery was sold at auction to retired London hotelier Joseph Benskin and Watford draper William Bradley for £34,000. Bradley soon left the partnership, in 1870 Benskin continued alone. Upon Joseph's death in 1877, the management of the brewery passed to his widow Maria, their second son John Pusey Benskin.

His third son Thomas Benskin became a partner in 1884, bringing to the company James Panton of the Wareham Brewery in Dorset, reputed to be the first person to study scientific brewing at University College, London. Thomas' son Eric Seagrave Benskin became a director, Colonel William Briggs, husband of Doris Benskins was appointed to the board in 1908, latterly becoming chairman; the brewery as taken over by Benskin and Bradley in 1867 was one of the smaller Hertfordshire brewers of the time, with 42 tied houses in its estate. However over the following ninety years Benskins became predominant in the area acquiring all other Watford breweries. Healey's had in the months prior to its acquisition, purchased the Victoria Brewery on St Albans Road from the Chesham Brewery. Benskins rose to become the only regional brewer Hertfordshire produced, during its life its estate included pubs, beer houses and off-licences not only in its home county, but as far afield as Sussex, Suffolk, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Greater London.

The brewery remained a family business until a take-over bid was accepted from Ind Coope on 13 March 1957. In 1959 Ind Coope merged with Ansells, Taylor Walker & Co to form Allied Breweries. At the time of the sale to Ind Coope, the Benskins estate numbered 636 pubs and hotels, 16 off-licences; the Benskins name was retained for a number of years after the sale, brewing continued at Watford until 1972. Despite the closure of the Cannon Brewery site, its subsequent demolition in 1979, the brand was again revived and applied to a number of pubs in the Allied estate during the early 1980s. A new beer, Benskins Best Bitter, went into production in mid-1980 as part of the relaunch, however this was brewed in Romford and bore no resemblance to any of the original Watford ales. Benskins continued to trade as a separate business unit, Ind Coope Benskins Limited, although now existing only to manage the tied estate, maintained its head office in Watford during this time. Occupying the former Clarendon Hotel on Station Road, the hotel's original accommodation repurposed as offices whilst the former stables were converted into a new pub named after Benskins' famous logo - The Pennant.

Benskins Best Bitter continued to be produced in Burton-upon-Trent until it ceased production in 2002. As a result of further mergers and acquisitions over the intervening years, ownership of the Benskins trademarks rests with Carlsberg International AS, Denmark. Chronology of breweries, beer sellers and maltsters acquired by Benskins: 1895 - Crown Brewery, Hertford 1897 - Groome’s Kings Langley Brewery, Kingsbury Brewery 1898 - Healey’s King Street Brewery, Hawkes & Co Brewery, Down & Needham 1913 - Locke & Smith’s Brewery 1915 - Bailey’s Fox Brewery, Barber’s Brewery, Taylor’s Brewery 1920 - Pryor, Reid & Co Brewery 1923 - Sedgwick's 1927 - Roberts And Wilson’s Brewery 1929 - Wellers Brewery 1951 - Wells' Watford Brewery Beers brewed under the Benskins name, either by Benskins at the Watford Cannon Brewery or by Ind Coope at Burton-upon-Trent or Romford. Pale Ales: India Pale Ale, Guinea Ale, Pale Ale, Nut Brown Ale, Light Ale, Light Sparkling Ale Mild Ales: Pale Mild, XX Ale, XXX Ale, XXXX Ale, KK Cask Mild Bitters: Best Bitter, Jubilee Beer, Watford FC FA Cup Commemorative Ale 1984 Stouts: Brown Stout, Single Stout, Double Stout, Digestive Stout, Imperial Stout, Porter Barley Wines: Strong Ale, Colne Spring Ale Uncategorised: Coronation Ale, Primrose Ale, Bitter Ale Additionally, Benskins held contracts to bottle a number of products for other producers, including Guinness' Dublin Brewery, Gaymer's of Attleborough, Norfolk.

As of late 2012, Carlsberg UK were again producing a beer under the Benskins name, a limited availability product known as Benskins Smooth Bitter. Benskins had close ties to the local football team, Watford FC. In 1921 Benskins purchased the current Vicarage Road ground and leased it to the club at a peppercorn rent. In 2001 the club purchased the ground from Punch Taverns, who had inherited the freehold as part of their acquisition of the Allied Domecq estate. In 2006 the club purchased the freehold of the Red Lion pub opposite the ground, part of the Benskins tied estate; the pub, notable for its external tiling advertising "Benskins Celebrated

Fraser Valley (electoral district)

Fraser Valley was a federal electoral district in British Columbia, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1925 to 1968 and from 1997 to 2004. This electoral district has existed twice, it was first created in 1919 from Westminster District. In 1966, it was abolished when it was redistributed into Fraser Valley East, Fraser Valley West and Coast Chilcotin ridings, it was reformed in 1996 from Fraser Valley Fraser Valley West ridings. It was again abolished in 2003 when it was divided between Abbotsford and Chilliwack—Fraser Canyon ridings; this riding elected the following Members of Parliament: List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts Library of Parliament Riding Profile Library of Parliament Riding Profile Expenditures: 2000 Expenditures: 1997 Parliament of Canada website List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts

Fur people

The Fur are an ethnic group predominantly inhabiting western Sudan. They are concentrated in the Darfur region, they speak the Fur language. The Fur are the largest ethnic group in the Darfur region of western Sudan, they are sometimes referred to by the names Fora, Furawi, Konjara, or Kungara. They are an active agricultural people and may herd cattle; some Fur families who have accumulated a substantial cattle herd developed a more nomadic lifestyle like that of their herding neighbors, the Baqqara Arabs. Culturally, those cattle-herding Fur are now considered to be Baqqara; the Fur are nominally Sunni Muslims following the Maliki school of Islamic law. They are a Western Sudanese people who practice sedentary herding and agriculture the cultivation of millet, their society is a traditional one governed by village elders. They speak Fur, a Nilo-Saharan language, are Muslims, having adopted the religion following the region's conquest by the Kanem-Bornu Empire during the Middle Ages; some of them have come to speak Arabic in recent years.

The name of Darfur comes from the name of this ethnic group and means "the home of the Fur". Most of the well known governors of Darfur such as Deriage and Tegani Seisei are members of the Fur; the Fur established the historical Sultanate of Darfur which governed Darfur until 1916. Abdul Wahid al Nur, a leader among the Fur, established Army. Another leader of the Fur, as of 2007, is Ahmed Abdelshafi; the traditional heartland of the Fur is the mountainous region around Jebel Sî and Jebel Marra Wadi Salih and Zaligi. Some Fur live across the border in many of them refugees; the Furs' lifestyle has led to conflict with the nomadic Baggara, cattle-herders of the region, concerning access to water and grazing land in Darfur's central Jebel Marra mountains where the best agricultural land is to be found. This has been the source of ethnic tensions for many years, culminating in the Darfur conflict which began in 2003. Many Fur villagers were massacred in the ethnic fighting as Mahria and Terjem tribes divided up land they conquered from the Fur, according to a September 3, 2007 New York Times account citing United Nations officials and Fur survivors.

The Fur speak the Fur language. They speak Arabic as a lingua franca. There is no symbolic script for the Fur language, they have been using Arabic or Latin characters to put the language in written form. Most Fur people speak Fur fluently as their mother tongue. Common greetings include: Avilakoa: Good Morning Avilakonu: Good EveningHeavy drums are used while making speeches and other public addresses. Fur dance style is unique to the region; some of the main Fur dances are Nogara and Dukkei, Hajoee which are performed on special occasions such as weddings, the birth of a child and other important events. The Fur people utensils; these include talak, used for cleaning pots. Among the Fur people, stories are told to keep children safe from the outside world; these stories are designed to keep children close to home. In some stories children are told that if they go out in the morning they will die from the heat of the sun, in the night they are told if they go out an animal called nyama will eat them.

Fur music is popular in their culture. The main instruments are drums; the music is played with a heavy drumbeat. Some popular Fur musicians are. A common type of architecture in homes and buildings is called mud architecture, they dig the clay from the ground, break it up, mix it with water and mix other substances like straws. The clay will pile up while still wet, press on to the scaffolds made out of woods fascines, or cast in molds of various sizes into bricks; when the mud dries up in the molded shape, the process is completed. This technique is applied to most architecture in Western Sudan such as farmhouses, outer walls and mosques. Mud is great for absorbing heat, great for the night time. However, because of its low resistant to wind and rain, there is a constant need to repair buildings. Therefore, the mud architecture is no longer practical because of its fragility, as well as cultural changes and foreign influences. Clothes among the Fur people are similar to, they wear casual Sudanese clothes like a jalabiya.

The jalabiya is a white garment. A long time ago, when the Fur tribe was Arabised, Fur women used to poke their lower lip many times until the lip starts to swell; these dents were considered a sign of beauty. In the social structure of the Fur people, they do not have so much regard for their wealth. A poor leader and a rich leader can become a chief; the experience of a man is based on his knowledge of the Quran. A man cannot get married if he does not know a couple pages of this text; the Quran is studied with the help of a hand-held board shaped object known as the lohh and a wooden stylus called a kalam. The Fur tribesman’s knowledge of the Quran determines their position on the tribe’s hierarchy ladder. For example, a tribesman must know the whole book to attain position as chieftain; the Fur people have their own crafts for entert

Against All Odds (2009)

Against All Odds was a professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, which took place on February 8, 2009 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida, it was TNA's first PPV event broadcast in High-Definition and the fifth event under the Against All Odds chronology. In October 2017, with the launch of the Global Wrestling Network, the event became available to stream on demand. Against All Odds featured eight professional wrestling matches that involved different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers portrayed villains, heroes, or less distinguishable characters in the scripted events that built tension and culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. 2009 in professional wrestling Against All Odds at In TNA

Candy Paint (song)

"Candy Paint" is a song recorded by American rapper Post Malone from the soundtrack of the 2017 action film The Fate of the Furious. The track was re-released by Republic Records on October 20, 2017 as the second single from Malone's second studio album, Beerbongs & Bentleys, its accompanying audio video was uploaded to Atlantic Records' YouTube channel on April 13, 2017. Aside from references to rides, "Candy Paint" mentions Michael Scott, the Dunder Mifflin boss from The Office played by Steve Carell. "Candy Paint" debuted at number 84 on the Billboard Hot 100 peaking at number 34. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics Audio on YouTube

United States House Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop

The House Beauty Shop Committee was a special committee of the United States House of Representatives which existed from 1967 to 1979. It was established pursuant to H. Res. 1000 and introduced by Representative Martha Griffiths, a Democrat representing Michigan's 17th district. Griffiths, along with Catherine May, became the first members of the committee, it was formed to oversee and modernize the operations of the House Beauty Shop, a beauty salon located in the Cannon House Office Building in the United States Capitol. At the time of its establishment, the House Beauty Shop Committee was the smallest and least known of the House of Representatives' 57 committees, it was the first committee to be co-chaired by two women. In the late 1970s, the committee was absorbed into the United States House Committee on House Administration; the House Beauty Shop originated as a privately-owned and independently operated beauty salon located in the Longworth House Office Building, one of three main office buildings on the Capitol devoted to the House of Representatives.

Established in 1932 by beautician Mabel Solomon, it served the women of Capitol Hill, including members of Congress, their wives, as well as Congressional staffers. By the 1960s, the shop was estimated to have earned nearly $150,000 annually, it benefited from the fact. By 1967, Solomon's health complications led to frequent absences. Prior to her departure, some House members had been concerned about the lax oversight over the beauty shop's operations. To address these concerns, then-House Speaker John W. McCormack ordered an investigation into the beauty shop, led by Griffiths and May. In response to the scrutiny, Solomon abruptly retired, closing the shop and packing up thousands of dollars worth of equipment. McCormack decided to form the House Beauty Shop Committee to investigate the situation further and provide recommendations on how to restore the beauty shop, he named Griffiths and Rep. Edith Green to the committee and provided $15,000 from the contingency fund as a bridge loan; the House Beauty Shop Committee hired a new manager to run the shop, who in turn hired 18 beauticians and manicurists and relocated the shop from the Longworth building to the much larger Cannon Building.

Within a few years, the beauty shop had been revitalized. In 1975, Yvonne Burke, a Democrat representing California's 28th district, succeeded Griffiths as chair of the House Beauty Shop Committee. Under her leadership, the committee secured pay and benefits parity with other House staffers for the beauty shop's employees. Burke's proposal, H. Res 315, was introduced in 1977, it abolished the House Beauty Shop Committee, folding its responsibilities into the United States House Committee on House Administration. It was enacted by the House of Representatives as part of the 1979 appropriations bill; as part of the House Speaker Newt Gingrich's "Contract with America", the House of Representatives privatized the House Beauty Salon in 1995. Under the new approach, the House of Representatives' Chief Administrative Officer awards a three-year renewable contract to a private contractor, who in turn pays the House monthly rent and manages the operations of the beauty shop. Though it still caters to House members and staffers, the beauty salon is available to members of the general public.

Martha Griffiths Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Edith Green Catherine May Margaret Heckler House Resolution 1000 – the House Resolution which established the select committee