Las Animas, Colorado
Las Animas is the Statutory City, the county seat and the only incorporated municipality in Bent County, United States. The city population was 2,410 at the 2010 United States Census. Las Animas is located on the Arkansas River, just west of its confluence with the Purgatoire River, in southeast Colorado east of Pueblo, near the historic Bent's Fort. According to legend, the town and the Purgatoire River were named for a group of conquistadors part of Coronado's expedition, who died without the last rites sacrament of a priest. According to Catholic belief, their souls would go to Purgatory as a result; the original Spanish name for Las Animas was purported to be La Ciudad de Las Animas Perdidas en Purgatorio, "The city of lost souls in Purgatory." However, according to author Morris F. Taylor, this is not consistent with Spanish Catholic belief, but a French Catholic belief; the Spanish version, El Rio de las Animas Perdidas en Purgatorio, was considered an embellishment of the French version.
No 19th-century map shows any translation of it. Existing maps have different names for the river: Rio de Las Animas, Purgatory River, "Picatoire", a corruption of Purgatoire. French fur traders of the 19th century referred to the river as the Purgatoire. Another anglicization was Pick of Ware. Gantt's Picket Post known as Fort Gantt, was built near the present-day Las Animas in 1832, operating as a trading post until 1834; the second Fort Lyon military post was built in Las Animas in 1867. It operated until 1897. Water is a central issue in Las Animas. Like many cities in southeastern Colorado, Las Animas competes with wealthier cities on the Front Range for the water to sustain life and the local agricultural economy. Developers and municipalities have capitalized upon drought and low crop prices by buying water from desperate farmers; as this water is diverted upstream to serve the larger cities, Las Animas loses access to this important resource. Because of the poor quality of the city's water supply, a reverse-osmosis filtration plant was installed in the mid-1990s.
The loss of minerals in the water resulted in the collapse of many water mains, supported by mineral deposits that formed on the insides of the pipes. Las Animas is located in northwest Bent County at 38°4′1″N 103°13′33″W, along the Arkansas River. U. S. Highway 50 is the main highway through the city, leading west 82 miles to Pueblo and east 36 miles to Lamar. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles, of which 1.6 square miles is land and 0.039 square miles, or 2.75%, is water. Las Animas is one of the warmest cities in Colorado, however winters can still be quite cold; the record low temperature in Las Animas of −32 °F occurred most on January 28, 1948. The record high temperature for Las Animas is 114 °F and occurred most on June 24, 2012; each year there are 74 afternoons that hit 90 °F or hotter, with sixteen reaching at least 100 °F or 37.8 °C. The record for lowest maximum temperature was on December 20, 1924, when the high was −8 °F. On the other end of the spectrum, Las Animas’ hottest minimum temperature occurred August 2, 1935, with a low of 89 °F.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,758 people, 1,091 households, 716 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,134.2 people per square mile. There were 1,264 housing units at an average density of 978.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 74.87% White, 0.91% African American, 2.86% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 15.34% from other races, 5.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 42.60% of the population. There were 1,091 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,157, the median income for a family was $29,815. Males had a median income of $26,168 versus $23,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,893. About 19.7% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.3% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over. Las Animas sits along the Mountain Branch of the Santa Fe Trail and served as the major city in southeast Colorado until the Atchison and Santa Fe Railroad established operations in La Junta, 20 miles to the west of Las Animas. Las Animas celebrates an annual Santa Fe Trail Day, a celebration of the pioneers and traders who used this trail; this local holiday is the oldest student council-sponsored event in the US. The Las Animas High School Student Council organizes the day, with assistance from the Bent County Chamber of Commerce.
Festivities have included a parade, a costume contest, square dancing, a demolition derby, a traditional "Ranchburger" lunch, as well as many other activities. In past years, students have spread out events over a two-day period, sometimes making this a weekend event. Th
Kiowa County, Colorado
Kiowa County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,398, making it the fifth-least populous county in Colorado; the county seat is Eads. The county was named for the Kiowa Nation of Native Americans. On November 29, 1864, more than a decade before Colorado became a state and long before Kiowa County was formed, a massacre of Native Americans, a group of old men and children, occurred on Sand Creek, greeted as a victory in the Colorado War against hostile Indians, it happened in what is now Kiowa County, is known as the Sand Creek Massacre. Territorial Governor John Evans lost his job for his part in setting up the incident, Colonel John Chivington, commander of the U. S. forces, was castigated by the United States Congress and the scandal followed him for the rest of his life. Evans would go on to make significant important contributions to the early Denver community and while Chivington made some, his reputation remained tainted while Evans is still honored today.
In 2005, final land acquisitions by the National Park Service allowed official designation of the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, but no park facilities have yet been erected. Only a plaque in the ground acknowledges the site, it appears that this stone plaque is located in the wrong place. In the late 1880s, eastern Colorado attracted a lot of attention by farming interests who didn't yet know that long-term agriculture was unsustainable in this arid landscape, the railroads were snaking west across the plains towards the gold fields of the Rocky Mountains during the Colorado Gold Rush; the Missouri Pacific Railroad crossed into what would soon become Kiowa County, Colorado from Kansas in 1887. Several small camps for railroad workers were established just over the border from Kansas, beginning after the town of Sheridan Lake, new towns and camps were sequentially named, starting with "A" and proceeding westward along the railroad line. Arden, Chivington, Eads, Galatea, Inman and Kilburn appeared one after another, some developing into towns, others being only a pipe dream in the eyes of developers.
Chivington was intended as a major watering stop for the railroad, but the water was too alkaline to use and the trains instead stopped in Kansas to tank up. The hotel was soon torn down, its materials shipped to other Colorado locations to use in constructing other facilities — a common occurrence in late 19th century Colorado, as boom towns went bust. Kiowa County was established in 1889, taking its name from the Kiowa Indians who lived in eastern Colorado before the Europeans arrived. Sheridan Lake was the county seat of Kiowa County, was not at first a stop on the railroad line; the county seat moved to rival Eads in 1902. Agriculture in eastern Colorado collapsed in the dust bowl days of the 1930s. Colorado's Front Range cities and agriculture interests upstream have acquired most of the water rights, the groundwater aquifers are drying up. Kiowa County faces further economic decline, it is conceivable that much of the county will revert to its original sparse grassland and prairie conditions of the pre-1880s.
Today Eads, along the old railroad line, is the largest town in the county. It is the Kiowa county seat, serves the surviving farming and ranching interests, hosts the county's largest high school. Sheridan Lake does have a combined junior-and-senior high, still surviving in some form are the towns of Towner, Brandon and Haswell. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,786 square miles, of which 1,768 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Significant drainage basins in the county are Adobe-Johns Creek and Mustang Creek which drain the county's western part, Rush Creek and Big Sandy Creek in the central part and Wildhorse and White Woman Creeks in the eastern part; the draws tend to be intermittent, however Adobe-Johns and Big Sandy Creeks have small continuous flows during wetter years. Each of these creeks drain to the Arkansas River. Cheyenne County - north Greeley County, Kansas - east Bent County - south Prowers County - south Otero County - southwest Crowley County - west Lincoln County - northwest Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site TransAmerica Trail Bicycle Route As of the census of 2000, there were 1,622 people, 665 households, 452 families residing in the county.
The population density was 1 people per square mile. There were 817 housing units at an average density of 0.457 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.12% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, 0.80% from two or more races. 3.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 665 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.00% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% un
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Colorado is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U. S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, an increase of 13.25% since the 2010 United States Census. The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains; the Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, on August 1, 1876, U. S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners.
Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, high plains, canyons, plateaus and desert lands. Colorado is part of the western and southwestern United States, is one of the Mountain States. Denver is most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is used. Colorado is notable for its diverse geography, which includes alpine mountains, high plains, deserts with huge sand dunes, deep canyons. In 1861, the United States Congress defined the boundaries of the new Territory of Colorado by lines of latitude and longitude, stretching from 37°N to 41°N latitude, from 102°02'48"W to 109°02'48"W longitude. After 158 years of government surveys, the borders of Colorado are now defined by 697 boundary markers and 697 straight boundary lines. Colorado and Utah are the only states that have their borders defined by straight boundary lines with no natural features; the southwest corner of Colorado is the Four Corners Monument at 36°59'56"N, 109°2'43"W.
This is the only place in the United States where four states meet: Colorado, New Mexico and Utah. The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet elevation in Lake County is the highest point in Colorado and the Rocky Mountains of North America. Colorado is the only U. S. state that lies above 1,000 meters elevation. The point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County and into Cheyenne County, Kansas, is the lowest point in Colorado at 3,317 feet elevation; this point, which holds the distinction of being the highest low elevation point of any state, is higher than the high elevation points of 18 states and the District of Columbia. A little less than half of Colorado is flat and rolling land. East of the Rocky Mountains are the Colorado Eastern Plains of the High Plains, the section of the Great Plains within Nebraska at elevations ranging from 3,350 to 7,500 feet; the Colorado plains are prairies but include deciduous forests and canyons. Precipitation averages 15 to 25 inches annually. Eastern Colorado is presently farmland and rangeland, along with small farming villages and towns.
Corn, hay and oats are all typical crops. Most villages and towns in this region boast both a grain elevator. Irrigation water is available from subterranean sources. Surface water sources include the South Platte, the Arkansas River, a few other streams. Subterranean water is accessed through artesian wells. Heavy use of wells for irrigation caused underground water reserves to decline. Eastern Colorado hosts considerable livestock, such as hog farms. 70% of Colorado's population resides along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in the Front Range Urban Corridor between Cheyenne and Pueblo, Colorado. This region is protected from prevailing storms that blow in from the Pacific Ocean region by the high Rockies in the middle of Colorado; the "Front Range" includes Denver, Fort Collins, Castle Rock, Colorado Springs, Pueblo and other townships and municipalities in between. On the other side of the Rockies, the significant population centers in Western Colorado are the cities of Grand Junction and Montrose.
The Continental Divide of the Americas extends along the crest of the Rocky Mountains. The area of Colorado to the west of the Continental Divide is called the Western Slope of Colorado. West of the Continental Divide, water flows to the southwest via the Colorado River and the Green River into the Gulf of California. Within the interior of the Rocky Mountains are several large parks which are high broad basins. In the north, on the east side of the Continental Divide is the North Park of Colorado; the North Park is drained by the North Platte River, which flows north into Nebraska. Just to the south of North Park, but on the western side of the Continental Divide, is the Middle Park of Colorado, drained by the Colorado River; the South Park of Colorado is the region of the headwaters of the South Platte River. In southmost Colorado is the large San Luis Valley, where the headwaters of the Rio Grande are located; the valley sits between the Sangre De Cristo Mountains and San Juan Mountains, consists of large desert lands that run into the mountains.
The Rio Grande drains due south into New Mexico and Texas. Across the Sangre de Cristo Range to the east of the S
Lincoln County, Colorado
Lincoln County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,467; the county seat is Hugo. The county obtains its name in memory of President Abraham Lincoln. County was formed from portions of Bent and Elbert counties in 1889 from a restructuring of Colorado counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,586 square miles, of which 2,578 square miles is land and 8.8 square miles is water. The main watersheds include the Arikaree and Republican Rivers in the northern part of the county and the Big Sandy and Horse Creeks in the southern part of the county. Big Sandy and Rush Creeks drain into the Arkansas River. Lincoln County's government is based in the county courthouse in Hugo, the office of the board of three elected commissioners and a county administrator, as well as the county sheriff, county clerk and recorder, county assessor, county treasurer, county coroner, the county court. Lincoln County is part of the 18th Colorado Judicial District — the state trial court of general jurisdiction — with judicial matters conducted in the Littleton and Centennial courthouses in Arapahoe County.
Lincoln County's government operation includes a department of social services, land use office and bridge department, human services department, public health department, mobile library services, probation department, county landfill, county fairgrounds, county extension service. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,087 people, 2,058 households, 1,389 families residing in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 2,406 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 86.30% White, 4.96% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.65% from other races, 1.56% from two or more races. 8.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,058 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.50% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 130.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 140.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,914, the median income for a family was $39,738. Males had a median income of $25,742 versus $22,188 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,510. About 8.10% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 11.50% of those age 65 or over. Arriba Bovina Genoa Hugo Karval Limon Punkin Center Smoky Hill TrailThe name "Smoky Hill" comes from the appearance of the misty or smoky hills that the westward travelers viewed on their journey from Kansas and Nebraska Territories and Missouri toward the Colorado Gold Rush starting in 1858.
Gold, had been discovered near Denver. The image of the misty hills and valleys along the route west gave the name to the trail for these travelers — the Smoky Hill Trail. Parts of the trail can still be seen as a two-track road on the Eastern Plains in what was once Kansas Territory but now is Colorado; the section of the Smoky Hill Trail which passes through much of the High Plains has become known as the "starvation trail." This section of the trail proved to be the most difficult, due to a lack of water, yet the Plains Indians of the day considered this region as prime hunting ground. Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, Colorado Lincoln County Government website Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Colorado Historical Society
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Colorado's 4th congressional district
Colorado's 4th congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Colorado. Located in the eastern part of the state, the district encompasses most of the rural Eastern Plains as well as the larger Colorado Front Range cities of Greeley, Castle Rock, Parker. Interactive map of Colorado's 4th Congressional District; the district is represented by Republican Ken Buck. It is one of the most conservative districts in the Mountain States since the 2010 redistricting removed Fort Collins from the district. No Democrat has contested the district since 2010. Following the 1990 U. S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 4th Congressional district consisted of Baca, Cheyenne, Elbert, Kit Carson, Las Animas, Logan, Otero, Prowers, Washington and Yuma counties, as well as portions of Adams, Arapahoe counties. Following the 2000 U. S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 4th Congressional district consisted of Baca, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Lincoln, Morgan, Prowers, Washington and Yuma counties, as well as portions of Boulder, Otero counties.
Following the 2010 U. S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 4th Congressional district consisted of Baca, Cheyenne, Elbert, Kit Carson, Las Animas, Logan, Otero, Prowers, Washington and Yuma counties; the district includes portions of Adams, Arapahoe and Douglas counties. This district consists of the area of Colorado, part of the Great Plains region of the United States, it is rural. The only large cities in the district are Greeley, Castle Rock, Parker; until the 2010s redistricting, Fort Collins was the largest city in the district. The district has been friendly territory for congressional Republicans, though Marilyn Musgrave only narrowly won in 2004 and 2006 due to her Democratic opponents' strength in Fort Collins. Musgrave had to rely on strong performances in more conservative Greeley to hold onto her seat. In 2008, Musgrave lost reelection to Betsy Markey, the first Democrat to be elected by the 4th District since the early 1970s. George W. Bush received 58% of the vote in this district in 2004.
John McCain narrowly carried the district in 2008 with 50% of the vote. Election results from presidential races As of May 2015, there are seven former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Colorado's 4th congressional district who are living at this time. Colorado's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present