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Bentley Speed Six

The Bentley 6½ Litre and the high-performance Bentley Speed Six were rolling chassis in production from 1926 to 1930. The Speed Six, introduced in 1928, would become the most successful racing Bentley. Two Bentley Speed Sixes became known as the Blue Train Bentleys after their owner Woolf Barnato's involvement in the Blue Train Races of 1930. By 1924 Bentley had been in business for five years, he decided to build a larger chassis than the 3 Litre, with a more powerful engine. The new chassis would be more suitable for the large, heavy limousine bodies that many of his customers were putting on his sports car chassis; the resulting car would be better suited for comfortable general motoring. Bentley built a development mule with a 4¼ L straight-six engine derived from the 3 Litre's four cylinder engine. To disguise the car's origin, it had a large, wedge-shaped radiator and was registered as a "Sun"; the chassis was given a large light weight Weymann-type tourer body built by Freestone and Webb.

W. O. Bentley combined one of his road tests of the Sun with a trip to see the 1924 French Grand Prix in Lyon. On his return trip to the ferry at Dieppe, W. O. encountered another disguised car at a three-way junction. W. O. and the Rolls-Royce test driver recognized each other and began racing each other along the routes nationales. This street race continued until the Rolls-Royce driver's hat blew off and he had to stop to retrieve it; the Sun's tyres were worn when W. O. got to the ferry at Dieppe. Realizing from the impromptu race that the Sun had no performance advantage over Rolls-Royce's latest development, W. O. increased the bore of his six-cylinder engine from 80 millimetres to 100 millimetres. With a 140 mm stroke, the engine had a displacement of 6.6 L Like the four-cylinder engine, Bentley's straight-6 included overhead camshaft, 4 valves per cylinder, a single-piece engine block and cylinder head cast in iron, which eliminated the need for a head gasket. In base form, with a single Smiths 5-jet carburettor, twin ignition magnetos, a compression ratio of 4.4:1, the Bentley 6½ Litre delivered 147 horsepower at 3500 revolutions per minute.

Although based on the 3 Litre's engine, the 6½ engine incorporated many improvements. The 3 Litre's cone-type clutch was replaced by a dry-plate design that incorporated a clutch brake for fast gear changes, the car had power-assisted four-wheel brakes with finned drums; the front brakes had 4 leading shoes per drum. By operating a patented compensating device, the driver could adjust all four brakes to correct for wear while the car was moving, advantageous during races. A variety of wheelbases were provided ranging from 132 to 152.5 in. The most popular wheelbase was 150 inches; the Bentley Speed Six chassis was introduced in 1928 as a more sporting version of the Bentley 6½ Litre. With a single-port block, two SU carburettors, a high-performance camshaft, a compression ratio of 5.3:1, the Speed Six's engine produced 180 hp at 3500 rpm. The Speed Six chassis was available to customers with wheelbases of 138 inches, 140.5 inches, 152.5 inches, with the 138 inch wheelbase being most popular. The Criminal Investigation Department of the Western Australia Police operated two saloon-bodied examples as patrol cars.

In March 1930, Barnato raced against the Blue Train in a Speed Six with H. J. Mulliner saloon coachwork, reaching his club in London before the train was due in the station at Calais, it had been believed that the car in the race was a Gurney Nutting Sportsman Coupé, but that coupé had been delivered to Barnato in May 1930, more than a month after the race. The racing version of the Speed Six had a wheelbase of 11 feet and an engine with a compression ratio of 6.1:1 that produced 200 hp at 3500 rpm. Successful in racing, these cars won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1929 and 1930 with Bentley Boys drivers "Tim" Birkin, Glen Kidston, Woolf Barnato, the chairman of Bentley Motors. 6½ Litre: 362 Speed Six: 182 PrintBrooks, Philip C.. Carpenter, Rhonda. "The Mighty Sixes". The International Club for Rolls-Royce & Bentley Owners Desk Diary 2010. Tampa, FL USA: Faircount: 26–35. Culshaw, David. "Bentley". The Complete Catalogue of British Cars 1895 - 1975. Poundbury, Dorchester, UK: Veloce Publishing. Pp. 80–84.

ISBN 978-1-845845-83-4. Feast, Richard; the DNA of Bentley. St. Paul MN USA: MotorBooks International. ISBN 9780760319468. Retrieved 24 December 2013. Johnson, Harvey. Verschoor, Ron. "The Eight-Litre: Bentley's Last is Bentley's Best". The Classic Car. Beverley Hills, CA US: Classic Car Club of America. LIX: 3–11. ISSN 0009-8310. Posthumus, Cyril; the Story of Veteran & Vintage Cars. John Wood, illustrator. Feltham, Middlesex, UK: Hamlyn. P. 102. ISBN 0-600-39155-8. Robson, Graham; the Illustrated Directory of Classic Cars. St. Paul, MN USA: MBI Publishing. Pp. 66–69. ISBN 0-7603-1049-1. Retrieved 27 December 2013. OnlineYoung, Eoin. "Barnato and the Blue Train Mystery – 190". New Zealand Classic Car Magazine. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013. "History By Chassis – List of all W. O. Bentleys with original chassis nos. 6 1/2 Litre". VintageBentleys. Org. Houston, TX USA: VintageBentleys.org. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2012. "Special Edition: Bentley Arnage Blue Train".

The Car Experience. Barrie, ON Canada: Rayda Sinni. 2005. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2012

Yellow Ukraine

Yellow Ukraine or Zhovty Klyn is a historical territory with widespread Ukrainian settlement. The settlement of Zhovty Klyn was founded soon after the Treaty of Pereyaslav of 1659 as the eastern border of the second Zasechnaya Cherta. Named after the yellow steppes on the middle and lower Volga, the colony co-existed with the Volga Cossacks. In addition to Ukrainians, Volga Germans and Mordovians migrated to Zhovty Klyn in numbers; as of 2014 most of the population is mixed in the region, though a few "pure" Ukrainian villages remain. Green Ukraine Grey Ukraine Map showing location of Yellow Ukraine Siry klyn Ukrainian community portal

Gilbert Varga

Gilbert Varga is a British conductor and the Principal Conductor of the Taipei Symphony Orchestra. Varga studied violin from the age of four with his father, Tibor Varga, a famous Hungarian violinist and conductor. After an accident brought an abrupt halt to a promising solo career Gilbert studied conducting under Franco Ferrara, Sergiu Celibidache and Charles Bruck; the earlier part of his conducting career concentrated on work with many chamber orchestras throughout Germany and France including extensive work with the Tibor Varga Chamber Orchestra. From 1980 to 1985 Gilbert Varga was Chief Conductor of the Hofer Symphoniker and between 1985 and 1990 Chief Conductor of the Philharmonia Hungarica in Marl, with whom he toured throughout Germany, Austria and Italy. In 1990, his final year as Music Director, he conducted their debut tour to Hungary with Yehudi Menuhin. Since that time, he was invited to conduct several European ensembles including the Munich Philharmonic, the radio orchestras of Cologne and Frankfurt and the Gurzenich Orchestra.

From 1991 to 1995 he was Permanent Guest Conductor of the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra, from 1997 until 2000 he was Principal Guest Conductor of the Malmö Symphony Orchestra and from 2001 to 2008 he was Principal Conductor of the Euskadi Symphony Orchestra. In North America he conducted Minnesota, Kansas City Symphony, Naples Philharmonic and St Louis Symphony Orchestras, the symphony orchestras of Toronto and Indianapolis, Los Angeles and St Paul Chamber Orchestras. Varga appeared twice at Aspen Music Festival. In South America, Varga appeared at Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires in the summer of 1999, returning in May 2000 during a tour of South America with the Euskadi Symphony Orchestra, he has made successful appearances with Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra and the Sydney Symphony. In Europe Varga has worked with most major symphony orchestras, including the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, Rotterdam Philharmonic, Orchestre de Paris, Budapest Festival Orchestra, Bamberg Symphony and Hallé Orchestra.

In 2001–2002 his engagements included Orchestre National de Belgique, RAI National Symphony Orchestra, Gothenburg Symphony and performances at the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival. Over recent seasons, Varga's reputation in North America has grown swiftly. In the 2011–2012 season he made his debut with the Houston Symphony and returned to the Philadelphia Orchestra, other orchestras, including the Indianapolis, Colorado and Nashville symphonies and the Minnesota Orchestra whom he conducts every season. Since May 2013 he is Principal Conductor of the Taipei Symphony Orchestra. Varga works at music competitions: From 2001 to 2012 he conducted the final rounds of the Queen Elisabeth Competition in Brussels, one of the most challenging and prestigious competitions for instrumentalists. Furthermore, he is chairman of the jury of the International Violin Competition Henri Marteau in Lichtenberg and Hof, Germany. Siebenthal – Orchestre Philharmonique Bulgare de Roussé, Gilbert Varga – Symphonie Valaisanne.

Concert Hall, Guilde Internationale du Disque, 1976 Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 1 in E minor Op. 11. Gilbert Varga, Sequeira Costa, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. Intersound Records, 1999 Håkan Hardenberger, Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Gilbert Varga – Håkan Hardenberger Plays Swedish Trumpet Concertos, 2000 Peter I. Tschaikowsky Von St. Petersburg Nach Moskau. Box, comp + 3 CD). Das Beste Reader's 2001 Sounds of the Basque Country. Composers: Jesus Guridi, Jose Maria Usandizaga, Jesus Arambarri, Andres Isasi, Francisco Escudero, Maurice Ravel. Conductors: Miguel Angel Gomez Martinez, Enrique García Asensio, Gilbert Varga et al.. Basque National Orchestra, Maria Bayo. Claves, 2003. Tschaikowsky: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra in D major, Op. 35. Alfred Wallenstein, Gilbert Varga, London Symphony Orchestra, Stuttgarter Kammerorchester. Profil – G Haenssler, 2005 Queen Elisabeth Competition of BelgiumPiano 2007. 3 CD, 2007 Rubinstein: Symphony No. 6 – Gilbert Varga, Philharmonia Hungarica Anna Vinnitskaya Plays Prokofiev, Ravel Piano Concertos – Gilbert Varga.

Naive, 2010. La Jeune Philharmonie / De Jonge Filharmonie – Wendy Hoffman – Gilbert Varga – Concert de la Société philharmonique / Concert Van De Filharmonische Vereniging. Belgium