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Benton County, Indiana

Benton County is located in the northwest part of the U. S. state of Indiana, along the border with Illinois. As of 2010, the county's population was 8,854, it contains six incorporated towns as well as several small unincorporated settlements. The county seat is Fowler. Benton County is part of the Lafayette, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Benton County was formed February 18, 1840, it is named for Thomas H. Benton, U. S. Senator from Missouri; the original county seat selected in 1843 was Oxford, but after a long struggle between contending factions it was moved to Fowler in 1874. The current Benton County courthouse, located in Fowler, was designed by Gordon P. Randall of Chicago and built in 1874 by Levi L. Leach at a cost of $62,257; the new courthouse was an impressive building from an architectural standpoint, but provided much-needed improvements in security, including large fire-proof vaults. Randall had designed the Marshall County courthouse a few years earlier. In 2008 the Benton County Wind Farm began operating with 87 1.5 MW wind turbines.

Duke Energy purchases electricity from the wind farm and sells it to customers through its GoGreen program. In 2009 the Fowler Ridge Wind Farm opened nearby, giving Benton County one of the largest concentrations of wind turbines in the United States east of the Mississippi River. Benton County's western border is shared with the state of Iroquois County. Newton and Jasper counties lie to the north, with Tippecanoe counties to the east; the entire southern border is shared with Warren County. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 406.51 square miles, of which 406.42 square miles is land and 0.09 square miles is water. Fowler Otterbein Oxford Boswell Earl Park Ambia Dunn Sheff Bolivar Center Gilboa Grant Hickory Grove Oak Grove Parish Grove Pine Richland Union York U. S. Route 52 U. S. Route 41 State Road 18 State Road 55 State Road 71 State Road 352 Bee Line Railroad Kankakee and Southern Railroad The county's four public schools are administered by the Benton Community School Corporation.

Benton Central Junior-Senior High School Boswell Elementary School Otterbein Elementary School Prairie Crossing Elementary School Sacred Heart Elementary in Fowler is the county's only parochial school. In recent years, average temperatures in Fowler have ranged from a low of 13 °F in January to a high of 84 °F in July, although a record low of −24 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 99 °F was recorded in July 1995. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.59 inches in February to 4.50 inches in June. The county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code; the county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all spending and revenue collection. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms and are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget and special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes and service taxes.

In 2010, the county budgeted $5 million for the district's schools and $2.8 million for other county operations and services, for a total annual budget of $7.8 million. The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue and managing day-to-day functions of the county government. The county maintains a small claims court; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court; the county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government.

Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and be residents of the county. Each of the townships has a trustee who administers rural fire protection and ambulance service, provides poor relief and manages cemetery care, among other duties; the trustee is assisted in these duties by a three-member township board. The trustees and board members are elected to four-year terms. Benton County is in Indiana's 4th Congressional District, represented by Jim Baird in the United States Congress, it is part of Indiana Senate district 6 and Indiana House of Representatives district 15. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,854 people, 3,479 households, 2,388 families residing in the county; the population density was 21.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,937 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.9% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.2% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races.

Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.4% were German, 17.0% were Irish, 11.3% were American, and

Varsovia (train)

Varsovia, the New Latin word for Warsaw, has been the name of two distinct EuroCity international express trains, each of them originating and terminating in Warsaw. The first Varsovia ran between Berlin, Germany. Introduced in 1993, it was absorbed, minus its name, into the EuroCity Berlin-Warszawa-Express service in 2002. In 2012, a second Varsovia was introduced to link Warsaw with Budapest, Hungary, as an extended replacement for the EC Moravia, which had run only between Ostrava in the Czech Republic and Budapest. Vindobona History of rail transport in the Czech Republic History of rail transport in Germany History of rail transport in Poland History of rail transport in Slovakia List of EuroCity services List of named passenger trains of Europe

Operation Kopaonik

The Operation Kopaonik was a large-scale Axis offensive launched against the Mihailović's Chetniks in Axis occupied Yugoslavia during World War II. The operation was inspired by Heinrich Himmler who believed that the annihilation of Draža Mihailović and his forces was a basis for a success in Serbia and South East Europe. Since Dragutin Keserović and his Rasina Corps was the most active commander of Mihailovićs Chetniks in Serbia, the newly established 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen was engaged to participate in Operation Kopaonik to destroy Keserović and Chetnik unit under his command. Besides the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen the Axis forces consisted of several battalions of Bulgarian 9th Infantry Division also. All of them commanded by Artur Phleps; the Yugoslav forces targeted in the Operation Kopaonik consisted of Rasina Corps of Chetniks of Draža Mihailović under command of Dragutin Keserović. The operation failed because Keserović was informed about the movement of the Axis forces and retreated his forces before the Axis forces surrounded the targeted region.

Still, Himller was pleased with participation of the Prinz Eugen Division and after the operation ended he visited it for three days. During this operation Axis forces committed mass murder of hundreds of Serb civilians in the targeted region. After the operation Prinz Eugen division attacked Mihailovićs Chetniks in region of Gornji Milanovac and Čačak. According to Heinrich Himmler, the annihilation of Mihailovic and his forces was a basis for a success in Serbia and South East Europe; this operation was part of larger plan of Axis forces to disarm Chetnik units. The Military Commander in Serbia prepared a list of 24 Chetnik officers to be arrested by SS Prinz Eugen Division, one of them being Keserović. Keserović was the most active commander of Mihailović's Chetniks in Serbia; the Operation Kopaonik was aimed against the insurgent Chetnik units in Central Serbia under command of Major Dragutin Keserović in the region around Kriva Reka on Kopaonik mountain. The operation was aimed against this forces because they were considered as center of organized guerilla rebel forces in Central Serbia.

The operation was in fact punitive expedition aimed against Mihailovićs Chetniks who were the chief target of the German commands who wanted to secure its control of Serbia before important battles in North Africa. The outline of the operation was prepared on 30 September and the order for its execution was issued on 5 October 1942; the Axis forces in the Operation Kopaonik consisted of 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen and several battalions of Bulgarian 9th Infantry Division. According to some sources the Bulgarian forces included 36th Infantry Regiment; this operation was the first large-scale engagement of the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen under command of Artur Phleps who commanded the Axis forces during Operation Kopaonik. The SS division had two infantry and one artillery regiment. One of those two regiments that participated in the Operation Kopaonik was 14th SS Infangry Regiment with total number of soldiers, together with supporting artillery regiment, of up to 6,000 men.

The German forces were supported by Russian Protective Corps. The commander of the 14th SS Infantry Regiment was August Schmidhuber while its three battalions were commanded by Richard Kaaserer and Landverer. Several Bulgarian battalions of 1,000 men and Russian Protective Corps with 300 men participated in this operation; the commander of Bulgarian forces that participated in the operation was Petar Panev. The attacked Yugoslav rebel forces of Draža Mihailović were organized into Rasina Corps under command of Major Dragutin Keserović. In May 1942 Mihailović ordered to Keserović to prepare for receiving military supplies from Allies through air transport. Starting in the half of 1942, Allied airplanes supplied with arms and other military equipment to Chetnik detachment on Kopaonik; the Axis forces were informed that the headquarters of this Chetnik unit was in village Kriva Reka and that a British military mission was with them. In August 1942 joint Axis forces of German and Bulgarian troops attacked Chetniks of Major Keserović on Kopaonik and captured 9 members of his headquarter, three of them being members of British mission, executed when they were leaving village Kriva Reka.

The Operation Kopaonik began on 11 October 1942 when the 1st battalion advanced toward Chetnik forces in Kriva Reka from Kosovska Mitrovica, the 2nd battalion advanced from Raška and parts of the 3rd battalion advanced from Novi Pazar. The Bulgarian battalions advanced from Aleksandrovac. On 12 October 1942 the Axis troops encircled Kriva Reka village, they stormed into this village because they were informed that headquarter of Rasina Corps of Keserović and Chetniks under his command were in the village. Keserović was informed about the attack of Axis forces and retreated units of his detachment. Himmler was pleased with the Prince Eugen Division and visited it for three days as soon as the Operation Kopaonik was ended. After the operation was finished, on 18 October Himmler arrived to Kraljevo and celebrated birthday of Prince Eugene of Savoy together with members of SS Division that bore his name. In his order issued for this operation on 5 October 1942, the commander of Axis forces in this operation, Arthur Phleps, ordered to his units to consider entire population of the region as rebel sympathizers.

When Axis forces failed to capture and destroy Chetniks in Kriva Reka, they punished the village and burned all houses in the village. The Axis troops captured civilians who lived in the village and took them to the village church and blow it up. There were 46 men, women and ch

Orciprenaline

Orciprenaline known as metaproterenol, is a bronchodilator used in the treatment of asthma. Orciprenaline is a moderately selective β2 adrenergic receptor agonist that stimulates receptors of the smooth muscle in the lungs and vasculature supplying skeletal muscle, with minimal or no effect on α adrenergic receptors; the pharmacologic effects of β adrenergic agonist drugs, such as orciprenaline, are at least in part attributable to stimulation through β adrenergic receptors of intracellular adenylyl cyclase, the enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of ATP to cAMP. Increased cAMP levels are associated with relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from many cells from mast cells. Tremor nervousness dizziness weakness headache nausea tachycardiaRare side effects that could be life-threateningincreased difficulty breathing rapid or increased heart rate irregular heartbeat chest pain or discomfort Alupent Metaprel Orcibest

Sir Horace Mann, 1st Baronet

Sir Horace Mann, 1st Baronet KB, was a long-standing British resident in Florence. Mann was the second son of Robert Mann, a successful London merchant, his wife, he was brought up at Chelsea, educated at Eton College and briefly, at Clare College, Cambridge. Suffering from poor health, he travelled on the continent in the 1730s. In February 1737, he was appointed as secretary to the British Minister at Florence, he served as British diplomatic representative there to the Grand Dukes of Tuscany for the rest of his life. In the course of his long diplomatic career, he was Chargé d'affaires in 1738-1740; as Great Britain had no diplomatic representation at Rome, Mann's duties included reporting on the activities of the exiled Stuarts, the Old Pretender and the Young Pretender. Mann kept an open house for British visitors at Palazzo Manetti, inviting them for conversazione when there was no performance at the theatre, his generosity and kindness was well known, although his close friendship with the painter Thomas Patch reflected on his reputation.

He met Horace Walpole in 1739, conducted a now-renowned correspondence with him over forty years, though they last met in 1741. The correspondence was published by Lord Dover in 1833. In recognition of his service he was created a baronet on 3 March 1755. and made a Knight of the Bath on 26 October 1768.. In 1775, on the death of his elder brother, Edward Louisa Mann, he inherited the Linton Park estate which his father had bought at Linton, Kent, he died unmarried in Florence on 6 November 1786. His nephew Horace inherited his baronetcy by special remainder and acted as Chargé d'affaires until the arrival of his replacement. Notes Bibliography Hugh Belsey, ‘Mann, Sir Horatio, first baronet ’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004. "Mann, Horace". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Sir Horace Mann, 1st Baronet at Find a Grave

Super R-Type

Super R-Type is a shooter game for the SNES, developed and published by Irem in 1991. It is a partial port of R-Type II, borrowing stages and enemies; the game has been re-released on the Wii Virtual Console in Japan, North America, PAL regions in 2008. Super R-Type adds three new ones; the game is known for its high difficulty because of its lack of checkpoints, since dying means restarting the level from scratch. This game suffers from slowdown, a problem in many early games for this system, but unlike the others Super R-Type slows down to a virtual standstill when there are many things on-screen. However, this proved useful for players when there were many obstacles on-screen because it was easier to avoid them. Red: The Counter-air Laser, a powerful red and blue double transverse wave; this fires its first-level equivalents, a red and a blue arrow-shaped laser shot, from the Bits, should the player have any. Blue: The Rebound Laser, three long, cyan lasers, one straight, two at 45° angles from the Force, that reflect off walls.

Yellow: The Counter-ground Laser, two long fireball chains released vertically from the Force that slink along the ceiling and floor. Green: The Spread Laser, which fires a spread arc of eight orange fireballs. Gray: The Shotgun Bomb, which launches a shell that explodes powerfully a short distance from the R-9. Refer to the main R-Type article for more about the Force and Bits. Entertainment Weekly picked the game as the #2 greatest game available in 1991, saying: "The space-shooting R-Type game has been evolving over the last several years. Players pilot a ship through the deep cosmos, picking up various supercharged weapons along the way and squaring off against some extraordinarily detailed aliens, which look like illustrations from classic pulp sci-fi magazines of the 1930s." On March 14, 2008, the game was released on the Nintendo Wii Virtual Console service in Europe and Australia. The game was made available on the Virtual Console in North America on March 17, 2008. However, it was removed from the Virtual Console on March 30, 2012 in North America and on March 31, 2012 in Europe.

Super R-Type review at Virtual Console Reviews