For the French football player, see Sébastien Corchia. Corchia is a village in northwest Italy, it is a frazione of the comune of Berceto in the Province of Emilia-Romagna. Set in the chestnut groves of Val Manubiola, Corchia is an example of a medieval borough of northern Italy, it is a settlement which maintains its medieval nucleus with stone houses, flag-stoned narrow lanes, archways dating back to the 12th century. The church is dedicated to San Martino. A new church, financed by immigrants to America and France has been built on the village outskirts. Corchia’s history is linked to mining: once all hope of finding gold in the valley was lost – a hope, spurred in the mid-16th century under the Farnese family – industrial exploitation of the copper deposits started in 1865 and lasted till 1942: mine shafts may still be seen on the slopes of Mount Maggio. Corchia's official old website Corchia's Blog
Langhirano is a comune in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 90 kilometres west of Bologna and about 20 kilometres south of Parma. Langhirano borders the following municipalities: Calestano, Felino, Lesignano de' Bagni, Neviano degli Arduini, Tizzano Val Parma, its most striking feature is the castle of Torrechiara. The town is known as a major production centre for the Prosciutto di Parma. Langhirano was the childhood home of soprano Renata Tebaldi, buried there. Langhirano is twinned with: Cavaillon, France Espalion, France Tauste, Spain Nove, Italy www.comune.langhirano.pr.it
Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna. Its capital is Bologna, it has an area of 22,446 km2, about 4.4 million inhabitants. Emilia-Romagna is one of the wealthiest and most developed regions in Europe, with the third highest GDP per capita in Italy. Bologna, its capital, has one of Italy's highest quality of life indices and advanced social services. Emilia-Romagna is a cultural and tourist centre, being the home of the University of Bologna, the oldest university in the world, containing Romanesque and Renaissance cities, a former Eastern Roman Empire capital such as Ravenna, encompassing eleven UNESCO heritage sites, being a centre for food and automobile production and having popular coastal resorts such as Cervia, Cesenatico and Riccione. In 2018, the Lonely Planet guide named Emilia Romagna as the best place to see in Europe; the name Emilia-Romagna is a legacy of Ancient Rome. Emilia derives from the via Aemilia, the Roman road connecting Piacenza to Rimini, completed in 187 BC and named after the consul Marcus Aemilius Lepidus.
Romagna derives from Romània, the name of the Eastern Roman Empire applied to Ravenna by the Lombards when the western Empire had ceased to exist and Ravenna was an outpost of the east. Before the Romans took control of present-day Emilia-Romagna, it had been part of the Etruscan world and that of the Gauls. During the first thousand years of Christianity trade flourished, as did culture and religion, thanks to the region's monasteries. Afterwards the University of Bologna—arguably the oldest university in Europe—and its bustling towns kept trade and intellectual life alive, its unstable political history is exemplified in such figures as Matilda of Canossa and contending seigniories such as the Este of Ferrara, the Malatesta of Rimini, the Popes of Rome, the Farnese of Parma and Piacenza, the Duchy of Modena and Reggio. In the 16th century, most of these were seized by the Papal States, but the territories of Parma and Modena remained independent until Emilia-Romagna became part of the Italian kingdom between 1859 and 1861.
After the referendum of 2006, seven municipalities of Montefeltro were detached from the Province of Pesaro and Urbino to join that of Rimini on 15 August 2009. The municipalities are Casteldelci, Novafeltria, San Leo, Sant'Agata Feltria and Talamello. On 20 and 29 May 2012 two powerful earthquakes hit the area, they caused churches and factories to collapse. 200 were injured. The 5.8 magnitude quake left 14,000 people homeless. The region of Emilia-Romagna consists of nine provinces and covers an area of 22,446 km², ranking sixth in Italy. Nearly half of the region consists of plains while 27 % is 25 % mountainous; the region's section of the Apennines is marked by areas of badland erosion and caves. The mountains stretch for more than 300 km from the north to the south-east, with only three peaks above 2,000 m – Monte Cimone, Monte Cusna and Alpe di Succiso; the plain was formed by the gradual retreat of the sea from the Po basin and by the detritus deposited by the rivers. Marshland in ancient times, its history is characterised by the hard work of its people to reclaim and reshape the land in order to achieve a better standard of living.
The geology varies, with lagoons and saline areas in the north and many thermal springs throughout the rest of the region as a result of groundwater rising towards the surface at different periods of history. All the rivers rise locally in the Apennines except for the Po, which has its source in the Alps in Piedmont; the northern border of Emilia-Romagna follows the path of the river for 263 km. The region has a temperate broadleaved and mixed forests and the vegetation may be divided into belts: the Common oak-European hornbeam belt, now covered with fruit orchards and fields of wheat and sugar beet, the Pubescent oak-European hop-hornbeam belt on the lower slopes up to 900 m, the European beech-Silver fir belt between 1,000 and 1,500 m and the final mountain heath belt. Emilia-Romagna has two Italian National Parks, the Foreste Casentinesi National Park and the Appennino Tosco-Emiliano National Park. Emilia-Romagna has been a populated area since ancient times. Inhabitants over the centuries have radically altered the landscape, building cities, reclaiming wetlands, establishing large agricultural areas.
All these transformations in past centuries changed the aspect of the region, converting large natural areas to cultivation, up until the 1960s. The trend changed, agricultural lands began giving way to residential and industrial areas; the increase of urban-industrial areas continued at high rates until the end of the 2010s. In the same period and mountainous areas saw an increase in the registration of semi-natural areas, because of the abandonment of agricultural lands. Land use changes can have strong effects on ecological functions. Human interactions such as agriculture and deforestation affect soil function, e.g. food and other biomass production, storing and transformation, habitat and gene pool. In the Emilia-Romagna plain, which represents half of the region and where three quarters of the population of the region live, the agricultural land area has been reduced by 157 km2 while urban and industrial areas
Bedonia is a comune within the Province of Parma, in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy. The communal territory was settled during the Neolithic age, was a Roman colony, under the name of Bitunia. From the 11th century it was a fief of the bishops of Piacenza, of the Malaspina. In 1257 it was included in the State of the Landi, to which it belonged until 1682, when it was confiscated by the Duchy of Parma. During the Unification of Italy, the population was protagonist of an insurrectionary movement for the annexation of the country to Piedmont. In recent times Bedonia has been given an important role as a remembrance community that contributed to the Partisan fights. In the life of Bedonia an important role of cultural promotion has been carried out from the Seminary, instituted in 1846 from Mons. Giovanni Agazzi and Stefano Grapnels; the city, just a few miles away from Liguria, is characterized by colorful buildings of obvious Ligurian influence. The city has two important churches: Sant'Antonino, a Baroque church in the historical center, the Basilica della Madonna di San Marco, next to the Seminario Vescovile.
In it there is a Planetarium, a Museum of Natural History, a Xylographic Exposition of the works of Romeo Musa, an Art Gallery and a gigantic National Library. A third church, the Oratorio dei Disciplinati, added its bell tower to the skyline of the town up until 1950. Due to issues related to the structures alleged instability, the tower was demolished and the church was desecrated; the Sanctuary of the Madonna di S. Marco, built in 1939, houses one wooden statue created in 1531 representing the Madonna with Child on throne; the ancient Arc of Entrance to the old town is now being included in the breathtaking system of the "Peschiera Park". In Via Trieste there is an important historical building that shows the Landi family symbol. It's among the most important noble constructions in the whole valley of river Taro. Of value are the natural resources and landscapes. North of the town, the Mountain Pelpi reaches 1,410 metres, on top, it is a pilgrimage site. In the center of the village a river runs.
A few kilometers west, the tallest mountain reaches about 1,745 metres. It is a pilgrimage place and a suggestive rocky peak surrounded by green forests; however the province lies between 1,745 metres above sea level. During recent years, many sporting structures have been built. Tourism is important to the local economy; the area is dependent on summer tourists drawn by the natural environment of the surrounding countryside. Amenities which support the local tourist economy include modern sports complexes and an equipped camping complex, situated on one of the hills in the area; the swimming pool is a major tourist attraction in the town. Available are mushroom picking opportunities which includes the world famous Porcino Valtarese. Francesco Cura Franco Nero Bedonia Info Valtaro Community info Bedonia Valtaro info
Parma is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna famous for its architecture, art, prosciutto and surrounding countryside. It is home to the University of Parma, one of the oldest universities in the world. Parma is divided into two parts by the stream of the same name; the district on the far side of the river is Oltretorrente. Parma's Etruscan name was adapted by Romans to describe the round shield called Parma; the Italian poet Attilio Bertolucci wrote: "As a capital city it had to have a river. As a little capital it received a stream, dry". Parma was a built-up area in the Bronze Age. In the current position of the city rose a terramare; the "terramare" were ancient villages built of wood on piles according to a defined scheme and squared form. During this age the first necropolis were constructed; the city was most founded and named by the Etruscans, for a parma was a Latin borrowing, as were many Roman terms for particular arms, Parmeal and Parmnial are names that appear in Etruscan inscriptions.
Diodorus Siculus reported that the Romans had changed their rectangular shields for round ones, imitating the Etruscans. Whether the Etruscan encampment was so named because it was round, like a shield, or whether its situation was a shield against the Gauls to the north, is uncertain; the Roman colony was founded in 183 BC, together with Mutina. Parma had a certain importance as a road hub over the Via Claudia, it had a forum, in. In 44 BC, the city was destroyed, Augustus rebuilt it. During the Roman Empire, it gained the title of Julia for its loyalty to the imperial house; the city was subsequently sacked by Attila, given by the Germanic king Odoacer to his followers. During the Gothic War, Totila destroyed it, it was part of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna and, from 569, of the Lombard Kingdom of Italy. During the Middle Ages, Parma became an important stage of the Via Francigena, the main road connecting Rome to Northern Europe. Under Frankish rule, Parma became the capital of a county. Like most northern Italian cities, it was nominally a part of the Holy Roman Empire created by Charlemagne, but locally ruled by its bishops, the first being Guibodus.
In the subsequent struggles between the Papacy and the Empire, Parma was a member of the Imperial party. Two of its bishops became antipopes: Càdalo, founder of the cathedral, as Honorius II. An independent commune was created around 1140. After the Peace of Constance confirmed the Italian communes' rights of self-governance, long-standing quarrels with the neighbouring communes of Reggio Emilia and Cremona became harsher, with the aim of controlling the vital trading line over the Po River; the struggle between Guelphs and Ghibellines was a feature of Parma too. In 1213, her podestà was the Guelph Rambertino Buvalelli. After a long stance alongside the emperors, the Papist families of the city gained control in 1248; the city was besieged in 1247–48 by Emperor Frederick II, however crushed in the battle that ensued. Parma fell under the control of Milan in 1341. After a short-lived period of independence under the Terzi family, the Sforza imposed their rule through their associated families of Pallavicino, Sanvitale and Da Correggio.
These created a kind of new feudalism, building castles throughout the city and the land. These fiefs evolved into independent states: the Landi governed the higher Taro's valley from 1257 to 1682; the Pallavicino seignory extended over the eastern part of today's province, with the capital in Busseto. Parma's territories were an exception for Northern Italy, as its feudal subdivision continued until more recent years. For example, Solignano was a Pallavicino family possession until 1805, San Secondo belonged to the Rossi well into the 19th century. Between the 14th and the 15th centuries, Parma was at the centre of the Italian Wars; the Battle of Fornovo was fought in its territory. The French held the city in 1500–1521, with a short Papal parenthesis in 1512–1515. After the foreigners were expelled, Parma belonged to the Papal States until 1545. In that year the Farnese pope, Paul III, detached Parma and Piacenza from the Papal States and gave them as a duchy to his illegitimate son, Pier Luigi Farnese, whose descendants ruled in Parma until 1731, when Antonio Farnese, last male of the Farnese line, died.
In 1594 a constitution was promulgated, the University enhanced and the Nobles' College founded. The war to reduce the barons' power continued for several years: in 1612 Barbara Sanseverino was executed in the central square of Parma, together with six other nobles charged of plotting against the duke. At the end of the 17th century, after the defeat of Pallavicini and Landi the Farnese duke could hold with firm hand all Parmense territor
Calestano is a comune in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 100 kilometres west of Bologna and about 30 kilometres southwest of Parma. Calestano borders the following municipalities: Berceto, Felino, Sala Baganza, Terenzo. Official website
Colorno is a comune in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 90 kilometres northwest of Bologna and about 15 kilometres north of Parma. Colorno borders the following municipalities: Casalmaggiore, Martignana di Po, Sissa Trecasali, Torrile; the main attraction of Colorno is the Ducal Palace, built in the 18th century for the Farnese family. Other sights include: The Aranciaia, erected in 1710–12 by duke Francesco Farnese as a shelter for the orange and lemon trees that in summer decorated the Ducal Palace, it was designed by Ferdinando Galli Bibiena. It is seat of the Museum of the Peasant Civilisation and Pre-Industrial Technology; the Water Tower. Santa Margherita, Colorno - 16th century church A typical dish from this town and area of the Province of Parma, is the Tortél Dóls, a kind of Ravioli with a bittersweet stuffing, whose origin goes back to the times of the Empress Marie-Louise of France, Duchess of Parma. Official website