Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the district Berchtesgadener Land in southeastern Germany, near the border with Austria, 30 km south of Salzburg and 180 km southeast of Munich. It lays in the Berchtesgaden Alps, south of Berchtesgaden the Berchtesgaden National Park stretches along three parallel valleys. A notable peak is the Kehlstein mountain, with its Kehlsteinhaus. Berchtesgaden, Upper Bavaria, earlier Perchterscadmen, Berchirchsgadem, Berchtoldesgadem. After the basic meaning was forgotten, they added a variant word of Old High German gadem ‘room, one-room hut’, implying the same meaning: ‘hay shed’. Cf. Old High German muosgadem ‘spice room’. There was a folk etymology that supported a derivation based on the legendary figure of Frau Perchta, a woman with good and bad changing features, venerated on Perchtertag and at Shrovetide was sworn to during the Perchta procession; the first historical note dates back to 1102 and mentions the area because of its rich salt deposits. Much of Berchtesgaden's wealth has been derived from its salt mines, the first of which started operations in 1517.
The town served as independent Fürstpropstei until the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803. During the Napoleonic wars, Berchtesgaden changed hands a few times, such as in 1805 under the Treaty of Pressburg, when the area was ceded to Austria. Berchtesgaden came under Bavarian rule in 1810 and became popular with the Bavarian royal family, the House of Wittelsbach, who visited Königssee and maintained a royal hunting residence in the former Augustine monastery. Nascent tourism started to evolve and a number of artists came to the area, which gave rise to Malereck on the shore of Königssee in nearby Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden; the most famous author who lived in Berchtesgaden was Ludwig Ganghofer. Adolf Hitler had been vacationing in the Berchtesgaden area since the 1920s, he purchased a home in the Obersalzberg above the town on the flank of the Hoher Goll and began extensive renovations on his Berghof in the following years. As other top Third Reich figures, such as Hermann Göring, Joseph Goebbels, Martin Bormann, Heinrich Himmler, Albert Speer, began to frequent the area the Party began to purchase and requisition land in the Obersalzberg.
In order to serve as an outpost of the German Reichskanzlei and its environs saw substantial expansion of offices and support services on the Obersalzberg. Included in the town were a new railway station, with a reception area for Hitler and his guests, an adjacent post office; the Berchtesgadener Hof Hotel, where famous visitors such as Neville Chamberlain and David Lloyd George stayed, was upgraded. Though a feared "national redoubt" last stand of the Nazi Regime in the Alps failed to materialize late in World War II, the Allies launched a devastating air raid on the Berchtesgaden area in the spring of 1945. Concentrated on the Obersalzberg, the April 25 bombing did little damage to the town. On May 4, forward elements of the 7th Infantry Regiment of the 3rd Infantry Division arrived and received the town's surrender. After the war, Obersalzberg became a military zone and most of its buildings were requisitioned by the U. S. Army. Hotel Platterhof was rebuilt and renamed the General Walker Hotel in 1952.
It served as an integral part of the U. S. Armed Forces Recreation Centers for the duration of the Cold War and beyond; the remnants of homes of former Nazi leaders were all demolished in the early postwar years, though traces of some remained. In 1995, fifty years after the end of World War II and five years after German reunification, the AFRC Berchtesgaden was turned over to Bavarian authorities to facilitate military spending reductions mandated within the Base Realignment and Closure program by the Congress and the Pentagon during the administration of President Bill Clinton; the General Walker Hotel was demolished in 2000–2001. In 1986, Berchtesgaden was a first round candidate city to host the XVI Olympic Winter Games to be held in 1992; the vote went to Albertville, France, in October of that year. The Hotel Türken, near the Nazi buildings and was used by the SS and by the Generalmajor of the Police, was badly damaged in 1945, it was reopened as a hotel before Christmas. Visitors can still explore the historic underground hallways and tunnels, used by the Nazis.
In 1972, local government reform united the independent municipalities of Salzberg, Maria Gern and Au under the administration of the town of Berchtesgaden. Another suggested reform uniting all remaining five municipalities in the Berchtesgaden valley failed to gain enough popular support; the Berchtesgaden National Park was established in 1978 and has become one of Berchtesgaden's largest draws. Mass tourism is confined to a few popular spots. Other tourist draws are the Königssee, the salt mine, the Kehlsteinhaus, open seasonally as a restaurant and the Dokumentationszentrum Obersalzberg museum about the area's history, operated by the Munich Institut für Zeitgeschichte since 1999. Recreational and competitive sports have grown in importance; the town's ski slope is popular. The Königssee bobsleigh and skeleton
Woodhouse Park is an area of Wythenshawe in south Manchester, England. The population of the ward at the 2011 census was 13,519; the area incorporates Wythenshawe town centre and borders onto Newall Green but is separated by the M56 motorway from which it is served by Junctions 4 and 5. It borders on Moss Nook to the south and south-east, Peel Hall to the east and Benchill to the north. All of these are localities within the Wythenshawe area, the others areas being Baguley, Northenden and Northern Moor. Much public investment in the area has taken place since 2003, including the expansion of Wythenshawe town centre; as of November 2014, the Manchester Metrolink Airport Line now runs through Woodhouse Park. Sharston is part of the Wythenshawe and Sale East constituency, represented by the Labour Party MP Mike Kane. In 2003, Benchill was disestablished as a local government ward and the area divided between Woodhouse Park and Northenden; the Manchester City Council Woodhouse Park electoral Ward incorporates the areas of Woodhouse Park described above as well as Moss Nook, Ringway Parish Council and Manchester Airport and has three Councillors to represent all these areas: Edward Newman, Brian O'Neil, Sarah Judge indicates seat up for re-election.
As part of Wythenshawe, the majority of housing in Woodhouse Park is social housing former council housing stock. Following a democratic vote, the former council properties are now under the control of local housing associations. Due to greater access to government funding, the housing associations have invested a great deal into the local area, improving the quality of maintenance of the housing stock. Local leisure facilities have been improved as part of an urban regeneration programme; the Greater Manchester Police is responsible for Woodhouse Park. Woodhouse Park ward boundary - PDF file
This glossary of viticultural terms list some of terms and definitions involved in growing grapes for use in winemaking. Absorption The method that grapevines use in the uptake of nutrients by the roots in the soil. Accolage French term for tying vine branches to the horizontal trellising wires in a vine-training system Adsorption The method that grapevines use in the transport of certain nutrients through the plant by adhesion of ions or molecules on the surface of colloidal particles or other solid materials. Adjuvants Chemicals or other materials that are mixed with sprays aid in the penetration, wetting or spreading of the active ingredient in the viticultural spray. Adventitious roots Roots that develop in areas of the grapevine where there was no root system, such as the roots that develop from the nodes of a newly planted cutting. While grapevines have adventitious roots, they do not have adventitious buds and requiring pre-existing buds for future growth. Alkali soil Soils with high levels of sodium that will interfere with the growth and development of the grapevine.
American hybrid A grape variety that, unlike French-American hybrids, was developed in North America. It is a crossing of North American grape varieties but some varieties do have Vitis vinifera in their parentage. Ampelography The science of identify grape varieties and tracing their history using both DNA and physical characteristics such as the appearance of clusters and leaves. Anther The part of the male-reproductive organs of the grapevine flower, located on the stamen, that contains the pollen needed for fertilization. Anthesis A stage during the flowering period of the grape vine when the calyptra has fallen off and the vine is in full bloom. Anthocyanins Polyphenols located in the skin of grapes that includes the color pigments that gives both grapes and wine their color. Aoutement French term for the period of ripening when the vine's shoot stop growing and the plant shifts it carbohydrate production into reserves as it prepares for dormancy and next years growth. During this time the leaves may begin to change color as the shoots change color from a green to a brown wood color.
Apical dominance The tendency of the central mid-section region of a grapevine shoot up to the apex to exhibit the most growth and development of foliage and grape clusters. The apical dominance of the grapevine inhibits the growth of lateral buds. Apical meristem The growth cells located at the tip of a grapevine shoot that have the ability to differentiate and continue to grow. Unlike other plants, grapevines do not have terminal buds. Appellation A geographical based term to identify. Aquifer A geological landform that retains rain water drained from the surrounding area. Aspect A topographical feature of a vineyard including the angle and direction of a slope as well as its altitude. Aspersion Frost protection technique where overhead sprinklers are used to spray the grapevines with water, allowing the water to freeze and coat the young buds with ice at 0°C with the latent heat of freezing protecting them from damage from further temperature drops Axil The attachment point on a grapevine leaf of petiole where a developing bud will be located Balance pruning A method of pruning based on the amount of growth that the vine experienced the previous growing season.
This is determined by weighing the one-year-old, pruned during the winter dormancy period and using a formula to determine how many buds should be left for the next season's crop. Bark The dead tissue that makes up the hard, woody external covering of the grapevine canopy outside the cork cambium. Basal bud The small bud located at the base of a grapevine's spur. Bench A natural terrace of flat land between two slopes. Bilateral cordon training A vine training system that utilizes two arms, or cordons, extending horizontally from the trunk in two different directions along support wires. Biodynamic wine Wines produced by the principles of biodynamic agriculture. Black rot A fungal disease. Most prevalent in warm and wet conditions Bleeding The phenomenon of sap being expelled from an open pruning wound on the grapevine that happens during early spring; this is a sign of good health for the vine. Known as weeping. Bloom The powdery, waxy substance, found on the surface of grapes. While this substance may contain the spores of wild yeast, it is not necessary composed of yeast cells.
Bordeaux mixture An organic fungicide composed of copper sulfate and calcium hydroxide and water, invented in Bordeaux in the late 19th century as a treatment against powdery and downy mildew Botrytis cinerea See Noble rot. Bud The undeveloped, primordial grape shoot, located along nodes of a cane. Bud scales Hairy, scale-like leaves containing suberin that act as a protective cover over buds protecting them against the elements during the dormancy period of winter. Bud sport The shoot, fruit or flower offspring that arise from bud that has experienced a spontaneous genetic mutation in at least one gene in one of the buds cells; this offspring will be genetically different from the rest of the bud offspring on the plant and maybe the source of new clonal material. Bush training Vine training system where the vines are kept as individual, free-standing vines not supported by or joined together by a trellising system. Known as Goblet training. Common training system in the Rhone Valley and in parts of California with old vine Zinfandel.
Author's Playhouse is an anthology radio drama series, created by Wynn Wright, that aired on Mutual in 1940-1941, on the NBC Blue Network from March 5, 1941, until October 1941. It moved to the NBC Red Network where it was heard until June 4, 1945. Philip Morris was the sponsor between 1942-43. Premiering with "Elementals" by Stephen Vincent Benét, the series featured adaptations of stories by famous authors, such as “Mr. Mergenthwirker’s Lobbies” by Nelson Bond, "The Snow Goose" by Paul Gallico, "The Monkey's Paw" by W. W. Jacobs, "The Piano" by William Saroyan and "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty" by James Thurber. Cast members included Curley Bradley, John Hodiak, Marvin Miller, Nelson Olmsted, Fern Persons, Olan Soule and Les Tremayne. Orchestra conductors for the program were Rex Maupin and Roy Shield. Directors included Homer Heck and Fred Weihe; the series was a precursor to several NBC radio programs of the late 1940s and early 1950s: The World's Great Novels, NBC Presents: Short Story and The NBC University Theater.
Jerry Haendiges Vintage Radio Logs: Author's Playhouse Roy Shield Author's Playhouse in the Internet Archive's Old-Time Radio Collection
PAJAM is an American songwriting and production team, made up of Paul Allen, J. Moss and Walter Kearney, all of Detroit, Michigan; the team works with soul and R&B artists. Their first project was the album Finally Karen by Karen Clark Sheard, which reached #2 on the U. S. Billboard Gospel Albums chart. Subsequently, PAJAM has worked with over 50 artists, including Marvin Sapp, Byron Cage, Kierra "Kiki" Sheard, Winans Phase II, Trin-i-tee 5:7, 21:03, Hezekiah Walker, as well as secular artists such as Kelly Price, Boyz II Men, Dru Hill, Patti LaBelle and NSYNC. Karen Clark Sheard - Finally Karen "Praise Festival" "Unconditional" "Gotta Right..." "Can't Take It" 7 Mile - 7 Mile Dawkins & Dawkins - Focus "Child of God" "Not Just Anybody" Greg O'Quin'N Joyful Noyze - Conversations "Know You" "That Name" "Dry Your Eyes" "Never" Angelo & Veronica - Change Hezekiah Walker & the Love Fellowship Crusade Choir - Family Affair "Let's Dance" "He Can" "More Like Him" "Give'em Your Life" Marvin Sapp - Nothing Else Matters "Do Your Dance" "Thank You Lord" Men of Standard - Feels Like Rain "Nothing Like Heaven" "God Take Care of Me" "Feels Like Rain" The Mighty Clouds of Joy - It Was You "Never Say" "Miracle" Nancey Jackson - Relationships "Relationship" "Delicate Heart" Winans Phase 2 - We Got Next Kelly Price - Mirror Mirror "You Should've Told Me" Sisqó - Return of Dragon "Without You" *NSYNC - Celebrity "Do Your Thing" 3rd Storee - Get With Me "Now I Can Breathe" "I'm Sorry" "Don't Lose Hope" "How Can This Be" Boyz II Men - Full Circle "I'll Show You" Dorinda Clark-Cole - Dorinda Clark-Cole "No Not One" "It's Not Me" "You Can" "You Need Him" Dru Hill - Dru World Order "Old Love" Hezekiah Walker & the Love Fellowship Crusade Choir - Family Affair II: Live at Radio City Music Hall "Don't Wait" "Breakthrough" Karen Clark Sheard - 2nd Chance "Be Sure" "So Good" "2nd Chance" The Mighty Clouds of Joy - I Want to Thank You "Seeking the Fire" "New Creature" Pam & Dodi - Pam & Dodi "There All the Time" Trin-i-tee 5:7 - The Kiss "Holla" "Holla" Vanessa Williams - Vanessa "Think Again" Karen Clark Sheard - The Heavens Are Telling "Go Ahead" featuring Missy Elliott "Praise Up" "I Owe" "Sometimes" "Don't Change" featuring Kierra Kiki Sheard Percy Bady - The Percy Bady Experience "Free" "Hold Up the Light" The Straight Gate Mass Choir - Expectations: I'll Raise "Jumpstart" "Work Your Faith" Virtue - Free "Thankful" "You'll Win If You Try" "He's Able" J. Moss - The J. Moss Project Kierra Kiki Sheard - I Owe You "Church Nite" "Closer" "Praise Offering" "So Long" Michelle Williams - Do You Know "The Way of Love" Patti LaBelle - Timeless Journey "More Than Material" Ramiyah - Ramiyah Vanessa Williams - Here I Go Again!
Byron Cage - An Invitation to Worship 21:03 - PAJAM Presents 21:03 Antwaun Stanley - I Can Do Anything Dave Hollister - The Book of David, Vol. 1: The Transition "Pray" Karen Clark Sheard - It's Not Over "Be Blessed" "You Showed Me" Kierra Sheard - This Is Me "Wrong Things" "Scream" Patti LaBelle - The Gospel According to Patti LaBelle "More Than" featuring J. Moss Bobby Jones - The Ambassador "Thank You Lord" "Call Him Up Love Peace & Joy" Byron Cage - Live at the Apollo: The Proclamation Darlene McCoy - Darlene McCoy "If There Were No You" J. Moss - V2... PAJAM Presents Sing To The Lord Vanessa Bell Armstrong - Walking Miracle "Seasons" 21:03 - Total Attention Dorinda Clark-Cole - Take It Back "Return" Kierra Kiki Sheard - Bold Right Life "Praise Him Now" Crystal Aikin - Crystal Aikin "What If" J. Moss - Just James Melinda Watts - People Get Ready "Happy" Shirley Caesar - A City Called Heaven "Nobody" J. Moss - Remixed, Rare & Unreleashed Karen Clark Sheard - All in One "I Made a Choice" "Good" "Because of You" "What He Did" "He Knows" "All For One" Y'Anna - The Promise "I'm Blessed" 21:03 - Evolved: From Boys to Men James Fortune & FIYA - Identity "Throw My Hands Up" J. Moss - V4...
The Other Side Earnest Pugh - The W. I. N. Experience "I Believe You Most" PAJAM. Official site Gospel City: PAJAM Partners With Gospo Centric Records ASCAP members enjoy a Stellarbration at the 21st Stellar Gospel Music Awards United by One: PAJAM Gear Up For Album Production Releases
Ryan Thomas Holte is an American lawyer and Judge on the United States Court of Federal Claims. Holte graduated from Jesuit High School in California. Holte received a Bachelor of Engineering degree, magna cum laude, from the California State University Maritime Academy, he received his Juris Doctor from the UC Davis School of Law where he served as a staff editor of the UC Davis Business Law Journal. Upon graduating from law school, Holte clerked for Judge Loren A. Smith of the United States Court of Federal Claims and Judge Stanley F. Birch Jr. of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Before joining the law faculty at Akron, he served for four years on the faculty at Southern Illinois University School of Law, worked as a trial attorney at the United States Federal Trade Commission, practiced law as an associate at Jones Day. From 2017 to 2019 he served as the David L. Brennan Associate Professor of Law and the Director of the Center for Intellectual Property Law and Technology at the University of Akron School of Law.
He taught and researched in the areas of property and intellectual property law and is a recognized expert in these areas, completing numerous academic research fellowships and funded research grants. He served as general counsel, co-inventor of an electrical engineering technology company. Holte is co-inventor of US Patent 9,523,773, titled "System and methods for countering satellite-navigated munitions". On September 28, 2017, President Trump nominated Holte to serve as a Judge of the United States Court of Federal Claims for a term of 15 years, to the seat vacated by Judge Nancy B. Firestone, who took senior status on October 22, 2013. On February 14, 2018, a hearing on his nomination was held before the Senate Judiciary Committee On March 15, 2018, his nomination was reported out of committee by a 14–7 vote. On January 3, 2019, his nomination was returned to the President under Rule XXXI, Paragraph 6 of the United States Senate. On January 23, 2019, President Trump announced his intent to renominate Holte for a federal judgeship.
His nomination was sent to the Senate that day. On February 7, 2019, his nomination was reported out of committee by a 15–7 vote. On June 5, 2019, the Senate voted 60 -- 33. On June 10, 2019, his nomination was confirmed by a vote of 60–35, he received his judicial commission on July 11, 2019. He took the oath of office on July 26, 2019, he has been a member of the Federalist Society since 2005. Ryan T. Holte at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Ryan Holte at Ballotpedia