West Midlands Fire Service
West Midlands Fire Service is the third largest fire and rescue service in the UK, with only the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service and London Fire Brigade being larger, is one of only two fire services in which all stations are full-time. WMFS delivers emergency services to 2.83 million residents across seven local authority areas in the county of the West Midlands in England. The brigade is run under the command of Chief Fire Officer Phil Loach and the Strategic Enabling Team, providing emergency response from 38 strategically located fire stations, divided into six Command Areas. Responsibility for the running on the brigade lies with West Midlands Fire and Rescue Authority, a joint authority made up of councillors from the seven local authorities in the West Midlands; the service was created in 1974. Prior to its creation, each of the county boroughs in the West Midlands area had their own fire brigade, the largest of, the City of Birmingham Fire Brigade. WMFS was created by parts of Warwickshire Fire Brigade.
The service was headquartered in the former City of Birmingham Fire Brigade headquarters at Lancaster Circus which were opened on 2 December 1935 by HRH Duke of Kent. It is now a listed building and the service moved to purpose-built, modern headquarters on Vauxhall Road, Nechells, in 2008; the following people have held the office of Chief Fire Officer: 2014 to present: Phil Loach 2009 to 2013: Vijith Randeniya OBE 2003 to 2008: Frank Sheehan 1998 to 2003: Kenneth Knight 1990 to 1998: Graham Meldum 1981 to 1990: Brian Fuller 1975 to 1981: Tom Lister CBE 1974 to 1975: George Merrell CBE All fire stations within the service are full-time, work on 2 types of shift: Core - full 10- or 14-hour shift on 4 watches of Blue, Red and White Late - 12-hour shift running from 10:00AM to 10:00PM on 2 Watches of Orange and Purple. Tettenhall is the only late crewed station, therefore Wolverhampton covers the area at nightBirmingham City Centre is covered by 3 stations: Aston located and covering the Northern Area.
Pump Rescue Ladder: 1 / 2 Brigade Response Vehicle: 5 Hydraulic Platform: 4 Business Support Vehicle: 9 Incident Command & Control Unit: Z2 Command Support Vehicle High Volume Support Pump Vehicle Prime Mover: 8 / M32 / M96Pods: Hazardous substances Environmental Protection Unit Foam Distribution Unit General Purpose Unit High Volume Hose Layer High Volume Pump Incident Support Unit Major Rescue Unit Multi Purpose Vehicle Carrier Water Support Unit Welfare support unit Welfare Unit Technical Rescue Pump: 1 Technical Rescue Support Light 4x4 Vehicle Prime Mover: 8Pods: Major Rescue Unit Trench Rescue Unit Water Support Unit Personnel Carrier Vehicle Search & Rescue Dog Unit Prime Mover: M98 / M121 / M122 / M123Pods: Module 1 - Technical Search Equipment Module 2 - Heavy Transport, Confined Space & Hot Cutting Equipment Module 3 - Breaching & Breaking Equipment Module 4 - Multi Purpose Vehicle Module 5 - Shoring Operations Detection, Identification & Monitoring: M4 Incident Response Unit: M45 / M62 Prime Mover: M32 / M96Pods: Mass Decontamination Disrobe Mass Decontamination Rerobe West Midlands Fire Service is one of only three brigades in the UK where all operational firefighters are full-time, the others being London Fire Brigade & Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service.
Firefighters are part of a Watch system that consists of'core' crews and'late' crews depending on the station they are serving at. Staff that are part of the core crews will be on duty for two days from 8am until 6pm two nights from 6pm until 8am. Late crews are on duty from 10am until 10pm for four days in a row. Firefighters that are part of the core crews will belong to either a Red, White or Blue Watch, those in the late crews will belong to either an Orange or Purple Watch; as with many other fire services, West Midlands Fire Service uses a rank structure that has evolved over time – the original titles are still used some brigades. In January 2019 it was alleged that West Midlands Fire Service was using discriminatory practices in recruitment of new firefighters. Once candidates had passed a reactions test, they moved on to a numerical and mechanical reasoning exam. Media reports stated that ethnic minorities and females taking this test were deemed to have passed should they achieve a score of 60%.
However, it was claimed that white male candidates were required to score at least 70%. Member of parliament David Davies condemned the policy, stating "It's bonkers, they should just be picking woman for the job. They shouldn't be lowering the target for anyone just to meet a target." The service has target of 60 % of new recruits to be female by 35 % to be ethnic minorities. In repose to criticism, the organisation did not comment on whether it had different pass marks for different groups, stating "West Midlands Fire Service is committed to a workforce which reflects the diversity of all our communities" and "our recruitment shows our determination to challenge outdated perceptions about who can – and can’t – be a firefighter."West Midlands Fire Service's statement. Operating out of two locations, a primary base at Bickenhill fire station and a satellite base at Wednesbury fire station, the WMFS Technical Rescue Unit
An almshouse is charitable housing provided to people in a particular community. They are targeted at the poor of a locality, at those from certain forms of previous employment, or their widows, at elderly people who can no longer pay rent, are maintained by a charity or the trustees of a bequest. Almshouses were formed as extensions of the church system and were adapted by local officials and authorities. Many almshouses are European Christian institutions. Alms are, in the Christian tradition, money or services donated to support the indigent. Almshouses were established from the 10th century in Britain, to provide a place of residence for poor and distressed people, they were sometimes called the residents bedesmen or bedeswomen. Bede is the Anglo-Saxon word for prayer and the alms-men and women were obliged to pray for the founder of the charity; the first recorded almshouse was founded in York by King Athelstan. In the Middle Ages, the majority of European hospitals functioned as almshouses.
Many of the medieval almshouses in England were established with the aim of benefiting the soul of the founder or their family, they incorporated a chapel. As a result, most were regarded as chantries and were dissolved during the Reformation, under an act of 1547. Almshouses have charitable status and aim to support the continued independence of their residents. There is an important delineation between almshouses and other forms of sheltered housing in that almshouse residents have no security of tenure, being dependent upon the goodwill of the administering trustees. In 1269 or 1270 an almshouse was established in Stavanger as the first known in Norway; the English tradition of almshouses was introduced to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania by its founder, William Penn. The Maryland legislature created almshouses in Anne Arundel County, financed by property taxes on landowners throughout the state. Massachusetts had a long tradition of almshouses. In the United States, aid tended to be limited to the elderly and disabled, children had to sleep in the same rooms as adults.
The first almshouse in the United States history was founded in Boston, Massachusetts in 1622. The original Boston Almshouse was burned down in 1682 and was rebuilt away from the heart of Boston nearly a decade later. In 1884 the statistical analysis of the Massachusetts almshouses showed four in the city of Boston and 225 almshouses throughout the state; these almshouses housed nearly 7,000 people. Of these residents, 700 were believed to have a mental illness. Half of these almshouses did not house children. Upon entering the Almshouses in Connecticut, patients were whipped ten times. There were similar institutions developed from 1725-1773 in Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and New York. At the Pennsylvania Hospital, some "lunatics" were chained to a cellar wall or made to wear a primitive straitjacket. Before the American Civil War, local officials regulated almshouses and did not ensure the people inside them were being cared for in the proper way or given the time they needed for help, it was not until the 1860s that more progressive states such as New York began to create boards that regulated and reported on almshouses.
The Newark almshouse opened in September 1878 as a branch of the Syracuse State School. It was located on 104 acres of land within the town of Newark, New Jersey and held around 853 patients; the nine dormitory buildings that housed the patients were able to hold anywhere from 45 to 130 people. There was a small hospital within the almshouse that could hold up to 30 patients. There were not many employees, only about 110, to take care of the hundreds of young women admitted to the almshouse. Patients were committed to the Newark State School by superintendents of the poor as well as judges who declared them insane or feeble-minded in court. Many of the patients of the New York Custodial Asylum for Feeble-Minded Women were falsely considered to be mentally ill. Mary Lake was the daughter of a young woman, sentenced to 10 years in a state prison. Mary and her other siblings were put into almshouses, she was committed to the almshouse in Newark as feeble-minded. It was not until years where she was pronounced not mentally ill and was able to leave the almshouse.
Throughout the 19th century almshouses were a last resort for those who were poor and elderly. Residents experienced mistreatment and inhumanity; as almshouses continued into the 19th century, activists such as Dorothea Dix fought for institutional reform. Dix sought to remove children, the mentally ill, the developmentally disabled from all almshouses and increase the number of institutions and asylums for those to reside in; as her movement gained momentum, she played a vital role in the establishment and expansion of over 30 hospitals for the treatment of the mentally ill. Her efforts removed specific groups from almshouses. One of the biggest problems with almshouses is that they were self-sustaining, they were costly to run, the capacity of the inmates to pay for their own keep by working at the farm, or working at the almshouse itself, was overestimated. There were not enough staff, facilities were not kept up, the poor kept coming. By the end of the 1800s, almshouses began to be replaced by institutions.
Almshouses are multiple small terraced houses or apartments providing accommodation for small numbers of residents. Some 2,600 almshouses continue to be operated in the UK, providing 30,000 dwellings for
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard. First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who accompanies Holmes during his investigations and shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, where many of the stories begin. Though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the best known, with Guinness World Records listing him as the "most portrayed movie character" in history.
Holmes's popularity and fame are such that many have believed him to be not a fictional character but a real individual. Considered a British cultural icon, the character and stories have had a profound and lasting effect on mystery writing and popular culture as a whole, with the original tales as well as thousands written by authors other than Conan Doyle being adapted into stage and radio plays, films, video games, other media for over one hundred years. Edgar Allan Poe's C. Auguste Dupin is acknowledged as the first detective in fiction and served as the prototype for many that were created including Holmes. Conan Doyle once wrote, "Each is a root from which a whole literature has developed... Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?" The stories of Émile Gaboriau's Monsieur Lecoq were popular at the time Conan Doyle began writing Holmes, Holmes' speech and behaviour sometimes follow that of Lecoq. Both Dupin and Lecoq are referenced at the beginning of A Study in Scarlet.
Conan Doyle said that Holmes was inspired by the real-life figure of Joseph Bell, a surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, whom Conan Doyle met in 1877 and had worked for as a clerk. Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing broad conclusions from minute observations. However, he wrote to Conan Doyle: "You are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it". Sir Henry Littlejohn, Chair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, is cited as an inspiration for Holmes. Littlejohn, Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health in Edinburgh, provided Conan Doyle with a link between medical investigation and the detection of crime. Other inspirations have been considered. One has been argued to be Maximilien Heller, by French author Henry Cauvain, it is not known if Conan Doyle read Maximilien Heller, but he was fluent in French, in this 1871 novel, Henry Cauvain imagined a depressed, anti-social, opium-smoking polymath detective, operating in Paris. Michael Harrison has suggested that a German self-styled "consulting detective" named Walter Scherer may have been the model for Holmes.
Details about Sherlock Holmes' life are scarce in Conan Doyle's stories. Mentions of his early life and extended family paint a loose biographical picture of the detective. An estimate of Holmes's age in "His Last Bow" places his year of birth at 1854, his parents are not mentioned in the stories, although Holmes mentions that his "ancestors" were "country squires". In "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter", he claims that his grandmother was sister to the French artist Vernet, without clarifying whether this was Claude Joseph, Carle, or Horace Vernet. Holmes's brother Mycroft, seven years his senior, is a government official. Mycroft has a unique civil service position as a kind of human database for all aspects of government policy, he lacks Sherlock's interest in physical investigation, preferring to spend his time at the Diogenes Club. Holmes says. A meeting with a classmate's father led him to adopt detection as a profession, he spent several years after university as a consultant before financial difficulties led him to accept John H. Watson as a fellow lodger.
The two take lodgings at 221B Baker Street, London, an apartment at the upper end of the street, up seventeen steps. Holmes worked as a detective for twenty-three years, with physician John Watson assisting him for seventeen, they were roommates before Watson's 1888 marriage and again after his wife's death. Their residence is maintained by Mrs. Hudson. Most of the stories are frame narratives, written from Watson's point of view as summaries of the detective's most interesting cases. Holmes calls Watson's writing sensational and populist, suggesting that it fails to and objectively report the "science" of his craft: Detection is, or ought to be, an exact science and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional manner. You have attempted to tinge it with romanticism, which produces much the same effect as if you worked a love-story... Some facts should be suppressed, or, at least, a just sense of proport
A village green is a common open area within a village or other settlement. Traditionally, a village green was common grassland at the centre of a rural settlement used for grazing with a pond for watering cattle and other stock; the village green provided, may still provide, an open-air meeting place for the local people, which may be used for public celebrations such as May Day festivities. The term is used more broadly to encompass woodland, sports grounds and roads; some historical village greens have been lost as a result of the agricultural revolution and urban development. Greens are now most to be found in the older villages of mainland Europe, the United Kingdom, older areas of the United States. Town expansion in the mid-20th century led in England to the formation of local conservation societies centring on village green preservation, as celebrated and parodied in The Kinks' album The Kinks Are The Village Green Preservation Society; the Open Spaces Society is a present-day UK national campaigning body.
The term may apply to urban parks. In the United States, the most famous example of a town green is the New Haven Green in New Haven, Connecticut. New Haven was the first planned city in the United States. Used for grazing livestock, the Green dates from the 1630s and is well preserved today despite lying at the heart of the city centre; the largest green in the U. S. is a mile in length, can be found in Lebanon, Connecticut. One of the most unusual is the Dartmouth Green in Hanover, New Hampshire, owned and cleared by the college in 1770; the college, not the town, still owns it and surrounded it with buildings as a sort of collegiate quadrangle in the 1930s, although its origin as a town green remains apparent. A fine example of a traditional American town green exists in downtown Morristown, NJ; the Morristown Green dates from 1715 and has hosted events ranging from executions to clothing drives. Apart from the general use of the term, village green has a specific legal meaning in England and Wales, includes the less common term town green.
Town and village greens were defined in the Commons Registration Act 1965, as amended by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, as land:, allotted by or under any Act for the exercise or recreation of the inhabitants of any locality or on which the inhabitants of any locality have a customary right to indulge in lawful sports and pastimes or if it is land on which for not fewer than twenty years a significant number of the inhabitants of any locality, or of any neighbourhood within a locality, have indulged in lawful sports and pastimes as of right. Registered greens are now governed by the Commons Act 2006, but the fundamental test of whether land is a town and village green remains the same, thus land can become a village green if it has been used for twenty years without force, secrecy or request. Village green legislation is used to try to frustrate development. Recent case law makes it clear that registration as a green would render any development which prevented continuing use of the green as a criminal activity under the Inclosure Act 1857 and the Commons Act 1876.
This leads to some most curious areas being claimed as village greens, sometimes with success. Recent examples include two lakes and a beach; the Open Spaces Society states that in 2005 there were about 3,650 registered greens in England covering 8,150 acres and about 220 in Wales covering about 620 acres. A notable example of a village green is that in the village of Finchingfield in Essex, said to be "the most photographed village in England"; the green dominates the village, slopes down to a duck pond, is flooded after heavy rain. The small village of Car Colston in Nottinghamshire, has two village greens, totaling 29 acres; some greens that used to be a common or otherwise at the centre of a village have been swallowed up by a city growing around them. Sometimes they become a city park or a square, manage to maintain a sense of place. London has several of these: Newington Green is a good example, with Newington Green Unitarian Church anchoring the northern end. There are two places in the United States called Village Green: Village Green-Green Ridge and Village Green, New York.
Some New England towns, along with some areas settled by New Englanders such as the townships in the Connecticut Western Reserve, refer to their town square as a village green. The village green of Bedford, New York, is preserved as part of Bedford Village Historic District; the only village green in the United States still used for agriculture lies in Connecticut. This green is one of the largest in the nation. In Indonesia in Java, a similar place is called Alun-Alun, it is a central part of Javanese village culture. The northern part of the province of Drenthe in the Netherlands is known for its village greens. Zuidlaren is the village with the largest number of village greens in the Netherlands; the Błonia Park established in the Middle Ages, is an example of a large village green in Kraków, Poland. Common land Park The Open Spaces Society -- gives UK information on. Town Greens of Connecticut—historical information on the town greens that are found in every Connecticut town
Berkswell is a hard cheese, made at Ram Hall Farm near Berkswell, West Midlands, England. It is made using unpasturised ewe animal rennet; the moulds of cheeses are left in plastic kitchen colanders which give the cheese its distinctive shape. Berkswell may be compared to a mature pecorino. In 2017, Berkswell won Supreme Champion at the Artisan Cheese Awards. Official site
Warwickshire is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. The county town is Warwick; the county is famous for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare. The county is divided into five districts of North Warwickshire and Bedworth, Rugby and Stratford-on-Avon; the current county boundaries were set in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972. The historic county boundaries include Solihull, as well as much of Birmingham; the county is bordered by Leicestershire to the northeast, Staffordshire to the northwest and the West Midlands to the west, Northamptonshire to the east and southeast, Gloucestershire to the southwest and Oxfordshire to the south. The northern tip of the county is only 3 miles from the Derbyshire border. An average-sized English county covering an area of 2,000 km2, it runs some 60 miles north to south. Equivalently it extends as far north as Shrewsbury in Shropshire and as far south as Banbury in north Oxfordshire; the majority of Warwickshire's population live in the centre of the county.
The market towns of northern and eastern Warwickshire were industrialised in the 19th century, include Atherstone, Bedworth and Rugby. Of these, Atherstone has retained most of its original character. Major industries included coal mining, textiles and cement production, but heavy industry is in decline, being replaced by distribution centres, light to medium industry and services. Of the northern and eastern towns, only Nuneaton and Rugby are well known outside of Warwickshire; the prosperous towns of central and western Warwickshire including Royal Leamington Spa, Stratford-upon-Avon, Alcester and Wellesbourne harbour light to medium industries and tourism as major employment sectors. The north of the county, bordering Staffordshire and Leicestershire, is mildly undulating countryside and the northernmost village, No Man's Heath, is only 34 miles south of the Peak District National Park's southernmost point; the south of the county is rural and sparsely populated, includes a small area of the Cotswolds, at the border with northeast Gloucestershire.
The plain between the outlying Cotswolds and the Edgehill escarpment is known as the Vale of Red Horse. The only town in the south of Warwickshire is Shipston-on-Stour; the highest point in the county, at 261 m, is Ebrington Hill, again on the border with Gloucestershire, grid reference SP187426 at the county's southwest extremity. There are no cities in Warwickshire since both Coventry and Birmingham were incorporated into the West Midlands county in 1974 and are now metropolitan authorities in themselves; the largest towns in Warwickshire in 2011 were: Nuneaton, Leamington Spa, Warwick and Kenilworth. Much of western Warwickshire, including that area now forming part of Coventry and Birmingham, was covered by the ancient Forest of Arden, thus the names of a number of places in the central-western part of Warwickshire end with the phrase "-in-Arden", such as Henley-in-Arden, Hampton-in-Arden and Tanworth-in-Arden. The remaining area, not part of the forest, was called the Felden – from fielden.
Areas part of Warwickshire include Coventry, Sutton Coldfield and some of Birmingham including Aston and Edgbaston. These became part of the metropolitan county of West Midlands following local government re-organisation in 1974. In 1986 the West Midlands County Council was abolished and Birmingham and Solihull became effective unitary authorities, however the West Midlands county name has not been altogether abolished, still exists for ceremonial purposes, so the town and two cities remain outside Warwickshire; some organisations, such as Warwickshire County Cricket Club, based in Edgbaston, in Birmingham, still observe the historic county boundaries. The flag of the historic county was registered in October 2016, it is a design of a bear and ragged staff on a red field, long associated with the county. Coventry is in the centre of the Warwickshire area, still has strong ties with the county. Coventry and Warwickshire are sometimes treated as a single area and share a single Chamber of Commerce and BBC Local Radio Station.
Coventry has been a part of Warwickshire for only some of its history. In 1451 Coventry was separated from Warwickshire and made a county corporate in its own right, called the County of the City of Coventry. In 1842 the county of Coventry was abolished and Coventry was remerged with Warwickshire. In recent times, there have been calls to formally re-introduce Coventry into Warwickshire, although nothing has yet come of this; the county's population would increase by a third-of-a-million overnight should this occur, Coventry being the UK's 11th largest city. The town of Tamworth was divided between Warwickshire and Staffordshire, but since 1888 has been in Staffordshire. In 1931, Warwickshire gained the town of Shipston-on-Stour from Worcestershire and several villages, including Long Marston and Welford-on-Avon, from Gloucestershire. Warwickshire contains a large expanse of green belt area, surrounding the West Midlands and Coventry conurbations, was first drawn up from the 1950s. All the county's districts contain some portion of the belt.
The following towns and villages in Warwickshire have populations of over 5,000. Warwickshire came into being as a divisio
Solihull is a large town in the West Midlands, England with a population of 123,187 in the 2011 Census. In Warwickshire, it is a part of the West Midlands conurbation, it is the largest town in, administrative centre of, the larger Metropolitan Borough of Solihull, which itself has a population of 209,890. Solihull is situated 7.5 miles southeast of Birmingham, 18 miles northwest of Warwick and 110 miles northwest of London. Solihull is the most affluent town of the West Midlands, one of the most affluent areas in the UK outside London. In November 2013, the uSwitch Quality of Life Index named Solihull the "best place to live" in the United Kingdom. Residents of Solihull and those born in the town are referred to as Silhillians; the motto of Solihull is Urbs in Rure. Solihull's name is thought to have derived from the position of its parish church, St Alphege, on a'soily' hill; the church was built on a hill of stiff red marl. The town is noted for its historic architecture, which includes surviving examples of timber framed Tudor style houses and shops.
The historic Solihull School dates from 1560. The red sandstone parish church of St. Alphege dates from a similar period and is a large and handsome example of English Gothic church architecture, with a traditional spire 168 feet high, making it visible from a great distance, it is a Grade I listed building. It was founded in about 1220 by Hugh de Oddingsell. A chantry chapel was founded there by Sir William de Oddingsell in 1277 and the upper chapel in St Alphege was built for a chantry. Unlike nearby Birmingham, the Industrial Revolution passed Solihull by and until the 20th century Solihull remained a small market town. World War II nearly passed Solihull by. Neighbouring Coventry and Birmingham were damaged by repeated German bombing raids but apart from some attacks on what is now the Land Rover plant, the airport and the local railway lines, Solihull escaped intact. In 1901, the population of the town was just 7,500; this growth was due to a number of factors including a large slum clearance programme in Birmingham, the development of the Rover car plant, the expansion of what was Elmdon Airport into Birmingham International Airport and most the release of large tracts of land for housing development attracting inward migration of new residents from across the UK.
Until the early 1960s, the main high street remained much as it would have been in the late 19th century with several streets of Victorian terraced houses linking High Street with Warwick Road. The construction of the central shopping area known as Mell Square involved the demolition of properties in Mill Lane and Drury Lane, some of which were several hundred years old, together with that of the large Victorian Congregational Church that had stood on the corner of Union Street and Warwick Road. On the right along High Street from St Alphege's Church porch is one of the town's oldest landmarks, The George, which dates from the 16th century, it is now called the Ramada Jarvis Hotel. On 23 November 1981, an F0/T1 tornado touched down in nearby Shirley; the tornado moved over Solihull town centre, causing some damage to the town centre before dissipating. Arden Golf Club, was founded in 1891; the course was still appearing on maps into the 1930s. Due to its growth, Solihull was promoted from an urban district to a municipal borough, the honour being bestowed by Princess Margaret.
In 1964, Solihull on this occasion the Queen bestowed the honour. In 1974, the Solihull county borough was merged with the rural district surrounding Meriden to form the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull; this includes the districts known as Shirley, Dorridge, Balsall Common, Castle Bromwich and Chelmsley Wood. The member of parliament for the Solihull constituency is Conservative Julian Knight, who won his seat in 2015. There are 17 wards in Solihull; each ward is represented by three councillors at Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council, making a total of 51 councillors. The mayor is elected by the Council and is Stuart Davis of the Conservative Party. Solihull has no university. However, Solihull College known as the Solihull College of Technology, incorporates a University Centre which offers several foundation degree and full degree courses in technical subject areas such as computer sciences and engineering; as yet it has not applied to attain university college status. There is a sixth form college located on the outskirts of the town centre.
This is known as Solihull. Solihull School is located on Warwick Road near the centre of the town, it was founded in 1560 and celebrated its 450th anniversary in 2010. Solihull had a'Wave 1' proposal of the Building Schools for the Future investment programme approved, they were awarded over £80 million to transform six schools in the north of the borough in December 2004. As a result of the funding, there will be six new schools constructed within seven years; the school curriculum will be redesigned as well as a further £6 million investment in managed ICT services. The six schools to be rebuilt are Park Hall, Smith's W