Potsdam Hauptbahnhof is the main station in the German city of Potsdam, capital of the state of Brandenburg. It lies on the Berlin–Magdeburg railway and was founded in 1838, however, it has had this name only since 1999. It was originally called Bahnhof Potsdam and it was called Potsdam Stadt station from 1960, the station is the terminus of line S7 of the Berlin S-Bahn, which comes from Ahrensfelde. It is connected with the bus station central, which is a transfer point between Potsdam and the southwestern region of Berlin, and has a stop on the Potsdam tram network. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 2 station, the first railway from Berlin to Potsdam was opened on 22 September 1838. It was the first railway in Prussia and is now one of the oldest railways in Germany still in operation and its final stop was at the site of the current Potsdam station. From the station, a track ran to a steam boat landing west of the Long Bridge. With the commissioning of the Potsdam Railway bridge over the Havel by the Potsdam-Magdeburg Railway Company on 7 August 1846, the station building was built in the neoclassical style.
This and the station forecourt now lay north of the tracks, in 1928, it was connected to the Berlin S-Bahn network. The complete electrication of the line lasted nearly a year. In World War II, the station was destroyed and a new building was built after the war. From 1953 to 1958, it was connected to East Berlin by S-Bahn Durchläuferzüge, from 1958, East Germany relocated internal traffic to the developing Berlin outer ring. After the commissioning of the outer ring so-called Sputnik trains ran from the new Potsdam Süd station on the outskirts via Schönefeld Airport to East Berlin. Long-distance trains on routes and Interzone trains ran over the outer ring. The station was renamed Potsdam Stadt in 1960 and Potsdam Süd station was renamed Potsdam Hauptbahnhof in 1961, the electric S-Bahn service to Potsdam was disrupted by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 and abandoned a few months later. The Potsdam Stadt and Babelsberg stations could only be reached by trains from inter alia the old Potsdam Hauptbahnhof.
The transit trains between West Berlin and West Germany passed through Potsdam Stadt and there were personnel to monitor boarding and disembarking passengers at Potsdam Griebnitzsee, passengers could not board there until 1963. In January 1990, local services were re-established to Berlin-Wannsee and full S-Bahn services were re-established in 1992, in 1997, work began on demolishing the old Potsdam Stadt station, including its entrance building, the roundhouse and sidings, and replacing them with new buildings
The Berlin Stadtbahn is a major railway thoroughfare in the German capital Berlin, which runs through Berlin from east to west. It connects the district of Friedrichshain with Charlottenburg in the west via 11 intermediate stations including Hauptbahnhof. The Berlin Stadtbahn is often defined as the slightly longer route between Ostkreuz and Westkreuz, although this is not technically correct. The line was built in the 1880s. It is 12 kilometers in length, and is elevated above the citys streets. The four track route carries S-Bahn, Regional-Express, EuroCity, the Stadtbahn line is an elevated rail line with viaducts totalling 8 kilometers in length and including 731 masonry viaduct arches. A further 2 kilometers of the line are situated on 64 bridges, that cross adjoining streets, the remaining length of the line is on an embankment. The line carries four tracks, in two pairs, the northern pair are reserved for use by the S-Bahn, and are electrifed using a third rail carrying 800V DC. The S-Bahn tracks have platforms at all stations along the Stadtbahn.
Six of the Stadtbahn stations have platforms on tracks, although not all trains stop at all stations, depending on the class. The longer distance tracks carry Regionalbahn and Regional-Express routes RE1, RE2, RE7, although most InterCity and Intercity-Express trains now use the north-south tunnel route via Hauptbahnhof, some trains do still remain on the Stadtbahns long distance tracks. These trains, mainly those heading toward Hanover and Cologne, usually call at Hauptbahnhof and Ostbahnhof, in 1871, eight main line railways existed in Berlin, with terminal stations at the citys edge or outside the city limits. This was very impractical for many passengers, who were forced to use hackney carriages to transfer from one train to another, therefore, a railway line was planned to connect these terminuses with each other. On 15 July 1878 the Königliche Direktion der Berliner Stadteisenbahn, under the management of Ernst Dircksen, was commissioned to manage the site, the directorate at first reported to the Prussian Ministry of Transport and became a subsidiary of the Ministry of Public Operations.
The planned railway had two each for freight and passenger traffic. Having taken similar projects in London and New York City into consideration, the new railway line was not only to serve as a connection between the mainline terminii in Berlin, but would offer connections to the Berlin Ringbahn and the suburban rail lines. The traffic routing was not only influenced by the location of the existing stations the line was supposed to connect. One of the drafts, which called for building the line along Leipziger Straße, had to be scrapped because of overly high land prices
Berlin Ostbahnhof is a main line railway station in Berlin, Germany. It is located in the Friedrichshain quarter, now part of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg borough and it was known as Berlin Hauptbahnhof from 1987 to 1998, a name now applied to Berlins new central station. The station opened on 23 October 1842 as Frankfurter Bahnhof, the terminus of a 81 km railway line to Frankfurt via Fürstenwalde, in 1845 the previously independent Berlin–Frankfurt railway merged into the Niederschlesisch-Märkische-Eisenbahngesellschaft, aiming at the extension of the line from Frankfurt to Breslau. After the NME lines were taken over by the Prussian state in 1852, in 1867 the Old Ostbahnhof, the terminus of the Prussian Eastern Railway line was opened, located slightly north of the present Ostbahnhof station. The Stadtbahn was completed in 1886, two of the four tracks came to one of the main routes of the Berlin S-Bahn suburban railway. The Ostbahnhof has never had a link to the Berlin U-Bahn subway, as the terminus of both the Silesian and the Eastern Railway line, Schlesischer Bahnhof quickly developed to Berlins Gate to the East.
Until World War I, trains ran from the German capital via Königsberg to Saint Petersburg and to Moscow as well as to Vienna and Constantinople via Breslau and Kattowitz. During the Anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire, numerous Jewish refugees arrived here to travel on to the harbors in Hamburg. The station was damaged by strategic bombing in World War II and had to be completely rebuilt by the East German railway. In 1950 it was renamed Berlin Ostbahnhof, as upon the implementation of the Oder–Neisse line, following the division of Germany, the station was, together with Berlin-Lichtenberg, one of two major railway stations in East Berlin. The wall ran only 200 m away from the station, today that part is the East Side Gallery, express trains ran from Ostbahnhof to Leipzig and Dresden. The station was served by international trains like the Vindobona to Vienna. In 1987 the postwar building was demolished and the station began to be rebuilt as East Berlin’s main station, the plan called for a hotel and a large reception area for arriving Soviet bloc dignitaries.
However, only part of the work was complete by the time of German reunification in 1990, a partially built staircase to the underground car park from this period in front of the station remains unfinished and fenced off. A partly constructed hotel was demolished in the early 1990s, the name Hauptbahnhof remained long after the division of Berlin ended, until 1998, when the station was re-renamed Berlin Ostbahnhof. One year later, work began to demolish the station and rebuild it once again, little remains of the 1980s structure except for an administrative block, some façade elements, and parts of the platform structure. The station has 11 tracks and 9 platforms,5 platforms are used for main line and 4 for S-Bahn. In the film, Jason Bourne is seen parking his car here, entering the station and leaving a bag in a locker, East Side Gallery Maria am Ostbahnhof Deutsche Bahn Sibirjak S-Bahn Berlin B. V. G
Berlin-Spandau station is a Deutsche Bahn station in the Berlin district of Spandau on the south-western edge of the old town of Spandau. The railway junction station is one of the 80 stations classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 2 station and it has the longest train shed in Germany. The high-traffic station with six platform tracks is a point between long-distance passenger services—Intercity-Express and EuroCity —and regional services. It provides connections to the city by the public transport services operated by the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe, buses. The line running from the station was initially parallel with the Spandau Suburban Line of the S-Bahn, Spandau station is the terminus of the S-Bahn line, although there is a proposal to extend it into the Havelland. The station has six tracks, four for regional and long-distance services. Outside the four-arch train shed there is a freight track and it has the DB Station code of BSPD, while the code of the S-Bahn section is BSPA. The station building was built between 1996 and 1998, while rail railway operations continued, to the design of the bureau of Gerkan, Marg.
It has a vaulted roof of glass that completely covers the platforms over a length of 432 metres in the style of classic railway architecture. The entrance hall is 16 metres wide, as early as 1871, there was a station at this point on the newly opened Berlin–Lehrte railway, which was called the Lehrter Bahnhof to distinguish it from the Hamburger Bahnhof in Spandau. This station was closed for passengers on 1 October 1890, so local and long-distance trains only stopped in Spandau at the Hamburger Bahnhof. The Lehrter Bahnhof took over the operations in Spandau and operated as Spandau freight yard on the grounds where the shopping centre of Spandau Arcaden is now located. The half-timbered building of the former Lehrter Bahnhof was dismantled in 1890 and in 1891 the Stadtpark restaurant was built and this station was opened next to the freight depot on 15 July 1910, originally as Spandau Vorortbahnhof. Its name was changed to Spandau West in the same year, the new suburban station was better located than the main station, as it was closer to the Spandau old town and the new town hall, which was under construction.
The station had three tracks next to two platforms, with the tracks on either side of an island platform. The Spandau Suburban Line, which connected to the Stadtbahn, ended at the station, the passenger tracks of the Hamburg-Lehrter Bahn from Lehrter Stadtbahnhof ran as the long-distance lines to the north and the south of the platforms. The suburban trains from Lehrter Stadtbahn station crossed over on to the passenger tracks and continued to Nauen. To the west of the station was the junction of the tracks of the Hamburg and Lehrte railways, the Spandau suburban line ended in Spandau at four storage sidings
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot is a railway facility where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight. It generally consists of at least one platform and a station building providing such ancillary services as ticket sales. If a station is on a line, it often has a passing loop to facilitate traffic movements. The smallest stations are most often referred to as stops or, in parts of the world. Stations may be at level, underground, or elevated. Connections may be available to intersecting rail lines or other modes such as buses. In British usage, the station is commonly understood to mean a railway station unless otherwise qualified. In the United States, the most common term in contemporary usage is train station, Railway station and railroad station are less frequent. Outside North America, a depot is place where buses, trains, or other vehicles are housed and maintained and from which they are dispatched for service. The two-storey Mount Clare station in Baltimore, which survives as a museum, first saw service as the terminus of the horse-drawn Baltimore.
The oldest terminal station in the world was Crown Street railway station in Liverpool, built in 1830, as the first train on the Liverpool-Manchester line left Liverpool, the station is slightly older than the Manchester terminal at Liverpool Road. The station was the first to incorporate a train shed, the station was demolished in 1836 as the Liverpool terminal station moved to Lime Street railway station. Crown Street station was converted to a goods station terminal, the first stations had little in the way of buildings or amenities. The first stations in the modern sense were on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, manchesters Liverpool Road Station, the second oldest terminal station in the world, is preserved as part of the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester. It resembles a row of Georgian houses, dual-purpose stations can sometimes still be found today, though in many cases goods facilities are restricted to major stations. In rural and remote communities across Canada and the United States, such stations were known as flag stops or flag stations.
Many stations date from the 19th century and reflect the architecture of the time. Countries where railways arrived may still have such architecture, as stations often imitated 19th-century styles, various forms of architecture have been used in the construction of stations, from those boasting grand, Baroque- or Gothic-style edifices, to plainer utilitarian or modernist styles
Berlin Alexanderplatz station
Berlin Alexanderplatz is a German railway station in the Mitte district of Berlins city centre. It is one of the busiest transport hubs in the Berlin area, the station is named for the Alexanderplatz on which it is located, near the Fernsehturm and the World clock. Like other long-distance stations, Alexanderplatz is a centre for selling merchandise to travelers. Due to its importance and central location, it is a site where tourists regularly change, Alexanderplatz thereby became beside Nollendorfplatz station the second major hub of the Berlin U-Bahn network. Four Regional-Express and Regionalbahn lines as well as the S-Bahn rapid transit lines S5, S7, the adjacent underground station is one of the largest on the Berlin U-Bahn network, with the lines U2, U5 and U8 calling. The station is served by four tram lines, two of which run continuously, as well as five bus lines during the day, one of which runs continuously. Alexanderplatz is connected through the two links, from U2 to U5 and U5 to U8.
Alexanderplatz station opened on 7 February 1882 on the Berlin Stadtbahn viaduct from Charlottenburg to Ostbahnhof, in 1926 the station hall spanning two platforms with four tracks was rebuilt in its present plain style. Heavily damaged in World War II, train service at the station was resumed on 4 November 1945, while the reconstruction of the hall continued until 1951. The first U-Bahn station of the present U2 line designed by Alfred Grenander entered service on 1 July 1913, the eastern terminus of Berlins second line from Potsdamer Platz via Spittelmarkt. The platforms of the U8 and the U5 opened on 18 April 1930 and 21 December 1930 respectively, according to Grenanders conception. The U2 station was renovated after the Alexanderplatz fire in 1972. The U8 station was a ghost station during the division of Berlin from 13 August 1961 to 1 July 1990, the station master offices were built, these were shifted and walls were removed. The access at Dierksenstraße had to be made again, just like the connecting stairs to the mall.
Other than that, the staircase was built towards Line E so that it goes through the dimly lit platforms. Stainallee was renamed a few months after the closure of the stairs, in all cases, the metro stations had to be recognizable as such on the surface. The U-Bahn logo has been removed in recent years and this station had to undergo renovation works from 17 May to 30 June 1990 before the full reopening on 1 July 1990. The U5 station underwent renovation works from February 2003 to September 2004
Erkner station is the passenger station in the town of Erkner situated east of Berlin in the German state of Brandenburg. It is located at kilometre 24.3 on the Berlin-Frankfurt railway, the station includes a carriage shed for historic rollingstock of the Berlin S-Bahn. The station was opened on 23 October 1842 as one of the first on the line from Berlin to Frankfurt, a railway settlement was built at the station on garden city principles in the 1920s. As part of the project to build a line between Berlin and Frankfurt, the regional platforms were rebuilt as side platforms to the south between 2009 and 2011. In parallel, the building was renovated and the S-Bahn platform was rebuilt from 2012. In the same year electronic interlocking went into operation on the long-distance tracks, the Erkner carriage shed was opened in 1928. It was administrated as part of the Berlin-Grunau workshop, with the introduction of new rollingstock of class 481/482, which was calculated to require less maintenance, the carriage shed was closed in 2000.
It has been used by the Historische S-Bahn e. V association for rollingstock storage and staff facilities, the historic trains are located here and some minor maintenance work is carried out. In January 2010, the shed was reopened due to the lack of capacity resulting from the cancellation of many services with the new rollingstock in 2009/2010. In December 2011, it part of the Friedrichsfelde works for organisational purposes. The station is served twice per hour in both directions by RE1 Regional-Express services towards Frankfurt and Eisenhüttenstadt and towards Berlin and Magdeburg, in addition Erkner is the terminus of line S3 of the Berlin S-Bahn. The S-Bahn stops three times an hour in Erkner and six times an hour in the summer months, there is a large bus station next to the station, which is served by cross country buses from the area around Erkner
Berlin Westkreuz station
Berlin Westkreuz is a station in the Charlottenburg district of Berlin. It is served by the S-Bahn lines S41, S42, S46, S5, S7 and S75 and it lies at the opposite end of the Stadtbahn to Ostkreuz and is one of the four main stations on the Ringbahn. Westkreuz station was built in the course of the electrification of the Stadtbahn cross-city railway, the Ringbahn, Ringbahn-trains had to call at Charlottenburg station. The station was opened on 10 December 1928, as a two-level-station under the name Ausstellung, in 1980, with the cessation of services on this portion of the Ringbahn, Westkreuz lost its function as an interchange and had only a minimal service on the Stadtbahn. The area surrounding the station is very populated and this was its major purpose. In the following years, the station was refurbished and is now one of the most modern on the network
Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in Berlin, Germany. It came into operation two days after a ceremonial opening on 26 May 2006. Lehrter Bahnhof opened in 1871 as the terminus of the railway linking Berlin with Lehrte, near Hanover, in 1882, with the completion of the Stadtbahn, just north of the station, a smaller interchange station called Lehrter Stadtbahnhof was opened to provide connections with the new line. This station became part of the Berlin S-Bahn, in 1884, after the closure of nearby Hamburger Bahnhof, Lehrter Bahnhof became the terminus for trains to and from Hamburg. Following heavy damage during World War II, limited services to the station were resumed. In 1957, with the railways to West Berlin under the control of East Germany, Lehrter Bahnhof was demolished, in 1987, it was extensively renovated to commemorate Berlins 750th anniversary. After German reunification it was decided to improve Berlins railway network by constructing a new main line. Lehrter Stadtbahnhof was considered to be the location for a new central station.
Between 1868 and 1871, a 239 kilometre railway was built between Hannover and Berlin via Lehrte by the Magdeburg Halberstädter railway company, Lehrter Bahnhof was constructed as the Berlin terminus. It was adjacent to Hamburger Bahnhof, just outside what was Berlins boundary at the Humbolthafen port on the river Spree and its architects were Alfred Lent, Bertold Scholz, and Gottlieb Henri Lapierre. In contrast to earlier railway stations, built with brick façades and its originally planned stone façade was replaced with glazed tiles to save money. With its magnificent architecture, the station was known as a palace among stations, the train shed was 188 metres long and 38 metres wide. Its roof was a barrel vault with steel supports. As was common for the period, the station was divided into a side on the west. Originally there were five tracks, four of which ended at the side and the central platform, at the turn of the century this track was removed to accommodate the widening of the central platform.
Although the front of the building was ornate and had an entrance, most passengers entered and left via the east side. In 1882 the metropolitan railway, predecessor of the S-Bahn, began service along two of the Stadtbahn tracks, long-distance traffic commenced in 1884 along the other two, with the expansion of Lehrter Bahnhof, it was able to take over the functions of Hamburger Bahnhof. A300 m connector line was built, on 14 October 1884, traffic towards Hamburg, northeast Germany, and Scandinavia was diverted to Lehrter Bahnhof, and Hamburger Bahnhof closed