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Bernard Picart

Bernard Picart, was a French engraver, son of Etienne Picart an engraver. He was died in Amsterdam, he moved to Antwerp in 1696, spent a year in Amsterdam before returning to France at the end of 1698. After his wife died in 1708, he moved to Amsterdam in 1711, where he became a Protestant convert and married again. Most of his work was book-illustrations, including the Ovid, his most famous work is Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde, appearing from 1723 to 1743. Jonathan I. Israel calls Cérémonies "an immense effort to record the religious rituals and beliefs of the world in all their diversity as objectively and authentically as possible". Although Picart had never left Europe, he relied on accounts by those who had and had access to a collection of Indian sculpture; the original French edition of Cérémonies comprises ten volumes of text and engravings. Israel notes that Picart left Paris with Prosper Marchand, collaborated on the Cérémonies with Jean-Frédéric Bernard, with a commitment to religious toleration.

Picart and Charles Levier belonged to a "radical Huguenot coterie". Vol. 1: Asie, Afrique and Amérique - 30 engravings Vol. 2 - 33 engravings Vol. 3 - 19 engravings Vol. 4 - 14 engravings Vol. 5 - 26 engravings Vol. 6 - 45 engravings Vol. 7 - 58 engravings Vol. 8 - 5 engravings Vol. 9 - 24 engravings Vol. 10- 12 engravings This was an illustrated book of Ovid's more popular fables published in 1733 in Dutch, in 1738 in English, in 1742 in French by Zacharias Chatelain. The engravings had captions in French, English and Dutch; the artists involved were Michel de Marolles, Bernard Picart, Jacques Favereau, Abraham van Diepenbeeck, Cornelis Bloemaert. A facsimile of the Dutch version was published in 1968. Grafton, Anthony. "A Jewel of a Thousand Facets." New York Review of Books Vol. LVII, number 11. Page 38–40. Online summary Hunt, Margaret C. Jacob, Wijnand Mijnhardt; the Book That Changed Europe: Picart and Bernard's "Religious Ceremonies of the World". Hunt and Margaret Jacob and Wijnand Mijnhardt.

Bernard Picart and the First Global Vision of Religion. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2010. Wyss-Giacosa, Paola von. Religionsbilder der frühen Aufklärung: Bernard Picarts Tafeln für die Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde. Wabern: Benteli, 2006. OCLC 65207871 See Margaret Jacob,'The Radical Enlightenment'. Israel, Jonathan I.. Radical enlightenment: philosophy and the making of modernity, 1650-1750. Oxford: Oxford University Press. OCLC 44425436 Jacob, Bernard Picart and the Turn to Modernity, De Achttiende eeuw, vol. 37, 2005, pp. 1–16. Bernard Picart and Jean Frederic Bernard's Religious Ceremonies and Customs of the World on UCLA website

Mariner 10

Mariner 10 was an American robotic space probe launched by NASA on November 3, 1973, to fly by the planets Mercury and Venus. It was the first spacecraft to perform flybys of multiple planets. Mariner 10 was launched two years after Mariner 9 and was the last spacecraft in the Mariner program; the mission objectives were to measure Mercury's environment, atmosphere and body characteristics and to make similar investigations of Venus. Secondary objectives were to perform experiments in the interplanetary medium and to obtain experience with a dual-planet gravity assist mission. Mariner 10's science team was led by Bruce C. Murray at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Mariner 10 was the first spacecraft to make use of an interplanetary gravitational slingshot maneuver, using Venus to bend its flight path and bring its perihelion down to the level of Mercury's orbit; this maneuver, inspired by the orbital mechanics calculations of the Italian scientist Giuseppe Colombo, put the spacecraft into an orbit that brought it back to Mercury.

Mariner 10 used the solar radiation pressure on its solar panels and its high-gain antenna as a means of attitude control during flight, the first spacecraft to use active solar pressure control. The components on Mariner 10 can be categorized into four groups based on their common function; the solar panels, power subsystem, attitude control subsystem, computer kept the spacecraft operating properly during the flight. The navigational system, including the hydrazine rocket, would keep Mariner 10 on track to Venus and Mercury. Several scientific instruments would collect data at the two planets; the antennas would transmit this data to the Deep Space Network back on Earth, as well as receive commands from Mission Control. Mariner 10's various components and scientific instruments were attached to a central hub, the shape of an octagonal prism; the hub stored the spacecraft's internal electronics. The Mariner 10 spacecraft was manufactured by Boeing. NASA set a strict limit of $98 million for Mariner 10's total cost, which marked the first time the agency subjected a mission to an inflexible budget constraint.

No overruns would be tolerated, so mission planners considered cost efficiency when designing the spacecraft's instruments. Cost control was accomplished by executing contract work closer to the launch date than was recommended by normal mission schedules, as reducing the length of available work time increased cost efficiency. Despite the rushed schedule few deadlines were missed; the mission ended up about $1 million under budget. Attitude control is needed to keep a spacecraft's instruments and antennas aimed in the correct direction. During course maneuvers, a spacecraft may need to rotate so that its rocket faces the proper direction before being fired. Mariner 10 determined its attitude using two optical sensors, one pointed at the Sun, the other at a bright star Canopus. Nitrogen gas thrusters were used to adjust Mariner 10's orientation along three axes; the spacecraft's electronics were intricate and complex: it contained over 32,000 pieces of circuitry, of which resistors, diodes and transistors were the most common devices.

Commands for the instruments could be stored on Mariner 10's computer, but were limited to 512 words. The rest had to be broadcast by the Mission Sequence Working Group from Earth. Supplying the spacecraft components with power required modifying the electrical output of the solar panels; the power subsystem used two redundant sets of circuitry, each containing a booster regulator and an inverter, to convert the panels' DC output to AC and alter the voltage to the necessary level. The subsystem could store up to 20 ampere hours of electricity on a 39 volt nickel-cadmium battery; the flyby past Mercury posed major technical challenges for scientists to overcome. Due to Mercury's proximity to the Sun, Mariner 10 would have to endure 4.5 times more solar radiation than when it departed Earth—compared to previous Mariner missions, spacecraft parts needed extra shielding against the heat. Thermal blankets and a sunshade were installed on the main body. After evaluating different choices for the sunshade cloth material, mission planners chose beta cloth, a combination of aluminized Kapton and glass-fiber sheets treated with Teflon.

However, solar shielding was unfeasible for some of Mariner 10's other components. Mariner 10's two solar panels needed to be kept under 115 °C. Covering the panels would defeat their purpose of producing electricity; the solution was to add an adjustable tilt to the panels, so the angle at which they faced the sun could be changed. Engineers considered folding the panels toward each other, making a V-shape with the main body, but tests found this approach had the potential to overheat the rest of the spacecraft; the alternative chosen was to mount the solar panels in a line and tilt them along that axis, which had the added benefit of increasing the efficiency of the spacecraft's nitrogen jet thrusters, which could now be placed on the panel tips. The panels could be rotated a maximum of 76 degrees. Additionally, Mariner 10's hydrazine rocket nozzle had to face the Sun to function properly, but scientists rejected covering the nozzle with a thermal door as an undependable solution. Instead, a special paint was applied to exposed parts on the rocket so as to reduce heat flow from the nozzle to the delicate instruments on the spacecraft.

Performing the gravity assist at Venus posed another hurdle. If Mariner 10 was to maintain a course to Mercury, its trajectory could devia

Jimmy Fratianno

Aladena James "Jimmy" Fratianno known as "Jimmy the Weasel", was an Italian-born American mobster, acting boss of the Los Angeles crime family before becoming a federal government witness. Fratianno was the most powerful mobster to become a federal witness until Philip "Crazy Phil" Leonetti agreed to testify against the Philadelphia crime family in 1989. Aladena Fratianno was born in Naples, Italy, in 1913, settled with his family near Cleveland, Ohio. Cleveland, He first was not charged. Two years he was acquitted of robbery charges and, in 1937, he was convicted of robbery and spent more than seven years in an Ohio state prison. Fratianno earned his nickname "Weasel" as a boy when from running from the police in the Little Italy section of Cleveland. A chase witness shouted "Look at that weasel run!" and the police attached the nickname to his criminal record, falsely believing it was his alias. He was paroled in 1945, moved to Los Angeles and fell in with underworld figure Mickey Cohen. In 1951, he was arrested but released in connection with the gangland-style slaying of two mobsters believed to have plotted to kill Cohen.

In 1954, Fratianno was convicted of attempted extortion. In 1968, he pleaded guilty to charges stemming from phony pay agreements with drivers at a trucking company he owned, in 1971 he entered another guilty plea, this time for extortion. Fratianno was known to have global connections. One such connection was with Australian organised crime figures. In 1976, Australian criminal Murray Riley met with Fratianno in San Francisco to organize drug shipments; the same year, Sydney businessman Bela Csidei met with Fratianno in San Francisco. The FBI took photographs of this meeting. Fratianno associated with Australian/Hungarian transport magnate and managing director of Thomas Nationwide Transport, Peter Abeles. Through Fratianno's connections with Teamsters and Longshoremen's unions with Rudy Tham, a San Francisco Teamsters leader, Abeles was able to use his company to smuggle drugs in and out of the U. S. as well as reduce industrial tensions on the waterfront. In 1975, the boss of the Los Angeles family, Dominic Brooklier, was headed to prison, Louis Tom Dragna was made acting boss.

He accepted the position on the condition. Fratianno accepted the proposal with the understanding that he would carry the majority of the responsibility. Fratianno saw the opportunity as a way to become the permanent boss of the family. Fratianno was hoping that by making the family stronger and boosting its reputation, that he'd earn support to take over the family when Brooklier was released from prison. Soon after, he was approached by Dragna in regards to having Frank Bompensiero murdered. Bompensiero was one of the few made men that Fratianno trusted, as they were old friends, he was infuriated that the L. A. family would give him such a'contract'. At this point Fratianno felt that he was tricked into becoming Acting Boss, a position which required him to be transferred from the Chicago family back to the L. A. family. Because of his close relationship with Bompensiero, it was assumed that Fratianno could lay a trap and murder him. Fratianno stalled. Brooklier returned from prison in October 1976 after serving 16 months.

After a transition period he called Fratianno to a meeting some time before February 11, 1977 and announced he was ready to resume his position as Boss. Fratianno was once again a soldier; some time between February 11 and May 16, 1977, Brooklier summoned Fratianno to a meeting and confronted him about a rumor that Fratianno was running a separate'crew' in the Los Angeles territory and saying, "Jimmy, you've got a bad mouth, like..." In June 1977, Fratianno learned that Brooklier had started a rumor that he had never made Fratianno Acting Boss and that Fratianno was misrepresenting himself. Fratianno began to suspect that Brooklier was trying to poison his reputation within the Mafia thus laying the groundwork for a sanctioned hit, or execution, of himself. At the wake for Tony Delsanter, Fratianno learned that the Cleveland family had a connection in the FBI, a clerk, feeding them documents about Mafia informants. James Licavoli told him that the Cleveland family had the code numbers for two informants and that the FBI clerk was working on getting their names.

On October 6, 1977 Danny Greene was killed by a car bomb, Ray Ferritto was arrested for the murder. Ferritto implicated Fratianno in the planning of the murder and a warrant was issued for his arrest. Ahearn arrested Fratianno, was indicted for charges related to the bombing. Fratianno agreed to become a government witness against the Mafia. Unlike Genovese crime family informant Joe Valachi, a low-level "soldier" limited to knowledge within and about New York City, Fratianno was privy to information on the detailed hierarchy of organized syndicate operations across the United States. Fratianno knew about Florida crime boss Santo Trafficante, Jr.'s 1960s plans to assassinate Cuban dictator Fidel Castro as part of the Central Intelligence Agency's Cuban Project Operation Mongoose. Some conspiracy theorists named Fratianno as one of the three assassins of U. S. President John F. Kennedy in 1963. In return for his testimony, he pleaded guilty to the charges, but served just 21 months of his five-year sentence.

In 1980, after testifying for the government that led to the racketeering convictions of five reputed

This Time (Glee song)

"This Time" is an original song written by Darren Criss for "Dreams Come True", the series finale episode of American musical television series, Glee. It was recorded by cast member Lea Michele as her character, Rachel Berry, is credited collectively to the Glee cast. "This Time" and the other songs performed in the episode were included on an extended play titled Glee: The Music, Dreams Come True, released on March 17, 2015, three days before the episode aired."This Time" reached number 49 on the Billboard Pop Digital Songs sales chart following the EP's release. The song received praise from critics for both Criss's thematically-appropriate songwriting and Michele's vocal performance. "This Time" was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Original Music and Lyrics at the 67th Primetime Emmy Awards in 2015. Over the course of its six seasons, Glee had relied on many covers of classic and modern songs, included only a "handful" of five original compositions. Earlier in 2015, Darren Criss made history as the first cast member to contribute a song to the series when "Rise" was featured on the show's season six episode, "The Rise and Fall of Sue Sylvester".

Inspired by the upcoming series finale, Criss set to writing "This Time" for the express purpose of being performed on the final episode. He describes the song as a "love note to all things Glee." "This Time" was composed by American actor and singer Darren Criss. According to the digital sheet music published by TCF Music Publishing, the ballad was composed in the key of G major and set in common time to a "moderately slow" tempo of 76 BPM; the song features a vocal range of two octaves and one note, from a low note of D3 to a high note of E5. Lyrically, the song offers a reflection on the experiences in one's life and how those events carry with them into the future. "I wanted Rachel's words to encapsulate not only her own personal journey, but everyone's experience of being a part of this show," Criss said to Entertainment Weekly. Lori Melton of AXS TV corroborated that while the song details Rachel's personal journey, the "deeper, broader scope of the lyric" allow the song to be universally relatable.

Heather Phares of AllMusic referred to the tune as "Rachel's... swan song" and wrote that the finale's performances were "appropriately nostalgic yet hopeful." Lori Melton of AXS TV wrote that Darren Criss "could not have written a more beautiful musical sendoff to all that "Glee" is and... stands for," and complimented Michele's "incomparable" vocals and "skillful" storytelling. In her review of "Dreams Come True", Lauren Hoffman of Vulture.com wrote that the song "works on pretty much every level it needs to." "This Time" received a nomination in the category of Outstanding Original Music and Lyrics at the 67th Primetime Emmy Awards. "This Time" won the award for original song in the category of TV Show or Digital Series at the 2015 Hollywood Music in Media Awards

Barrier Device

"Barrier Device" is a 2002 short film written and directed by Grace Lee. It stars Suzy Nakamura as a subject, it won four awards, including the silver medal at the 29th Student Academy Awards. Researcher Audrey conducts a study on female condoms. In the course of her work, she discovers that Serena, one of her subjects, is involved with her ex-fiance. Torn between professional integrity and curiosity, Audrey attempts to learn more about Serena's life without compromising her work. Sandra Oh as Audrey Suzy Nakamura as Serena Melinda Peterson as Dr. Campbell Jonathan Liebhold as Dwight Brian Kim as Brian Barrier Device was Grace Lee's master's thesis at UCLA. Lee directly asked Oh to appear in her film. Barrier Device premiered at the 2002 CAAMFest. Shimizu, Celine Parreñas; the Hypersexuality of Race: Performing Asian/American Women on Screen and Scene. Duke University Press. Pp. 249–255. ISBN 9780822389941. Barrier Device on IMDb

Wolfgang Menge

Wolfgang Menge was a German television director and journalist. Menge worked as television journalist in Germany, he had three sons. Literatur: Buch: Ganz einfach - chinesisch in der Rowohlt Reihe: Koche froh mit rororo 1968 580-ISBN 3 499 16411 6 Wolfgang Menge on IMDb Literature by and about Wolfgang Menge in the German National Library catalogue Wolfgang Menge, krimilexikon.de „Kinojahre eines Televisionärs. Wolfgang Menge zum 85. Geburtstag“, film-dienst, 2009, Porträt von Gundolf Freyermuth Zum Tod von Wolfgang Menge: Der Fernsehriese, FAZ. Net, 18. October 2012 „Ab 20:15 Uhr läuft im TV nur dummes Zeug“, Die Welt, 23. January 2007 Wolfgang Menge: „Wahnsinnig witzig, kann ich Ihnen sagen“, Der Tagesspiegel, July 2009 „Wann ist ein Mann ein Mann“, Berliner Zeitung, 27. May 2000, Rolf Eden in interview with Wolfgang Menge