Berwick-upon-Tweed is a town in the county of Northumberland. It is the northernmost town in England, at the mouth of the River Tweed on the east coast, 2 1⁄2 miles south of the Scottish border. Berwick is 56 miles east-south east of Edinburgh, 65 miles north of Newcastle upon Tyne and 345 miles north of London; the United Kingdom census, 2011 recorded Berwick's population as 12,043. A civil parish and town council were created in 2008 comprising the communities of Berwick and Tweedmouth. Berwick was founded as an Anglo-Saxon settlement during the time of the Kingdom of Northumbria, annexed by England in the 10th century; the area was for more than 400 years central to historic border wars between the Kingdoms of England and Scotland, several times possession of Berwick changed hands between the two kingdoms. The last time it changed hands was when Richard of Gloucester retook it for England in 1482. To this day many Berwickers feel a close affinity to Scotland. Berwick remains a traditional market town and has some notable architectural features, in particular its medieval town walls, its Georgian Town Hall, its Elizabethan ramparts, Britain's earliest barracks buildings, which Nicholas Hawksmoor built for the Board of Ordnance.
The name "Berwick" is of Old English origin, is derived from the term bere-wīc, combining bere, meaning "barley", wīc, referring to a farm or settlement. "Berwick" thus means "barley village" or "barley farm". Alternative etymologies, including ones connecting the name with the Anglo-Saxon kingdom Bernicia, the Brythonic element aber, meaning'estuary, confluence', have been suggested. In the post-Roman period, the area was inhabited by the Brythons of Bryneich; the region became part of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia. Bernicia united with the kingdom of Deira to form Northumbria, which in the mid-10th century entered the Kingdom of England under Eadred. Berwick remained part of the Earldom of Northumbria until control passed to the Scots following the Battle of Carham of 1018; the town itself was founded as an Anglo-Saxon settlement during the time of the Kingdom of Northumbria. Between the late 10th and early 11th centuries, the land between the rivers Forth and Tweed came under Scottish control, either through conquest by Scotland or through cession by England.
Berwick was made a royal burgh in the reign of David I. A mint was present in the town by 1153. In 1276 William de Baddeby was Constable of Berwick, it is unclear if this relates to the castle. While under Scottish control, Berwick was referred to as "South Berwick" in order to differentiate it from the town of North Berwick, East Lothian, near Edinburgh. Berwick had a mediaeval hospital for the sick and poor, administered by the Church. A charter under the Great Seal of Scotland, confirmed by King James I of Scotland, grants the king's chaplain "Thomas Lauder of the House of God or Hospital lying in the burgh of Berwick-upon-Tweed, to be held to him for the whole time of his life with all lands, teinds and profits, etc. belonging to the said hospital, as as is granted to any other hospital in the Kingdom of Scotland. Dated at Edinburgh June 8, in the 20th year of his reign." Berwick's strategic position on the Anglo-Scottish border during centuries of war between the two nations and its great wealth led to a succession of raids and takeovers.
William I of Scotland invaded and attempted to capture northern England in 1173–74. After his defeat, Berwick was ceded to Henry II of England, it was sold back to William by Richard I of England in order to raise funds for his Crusade. Berwick had become a prosperous town by the middle of the 13th century. According to William Edington, a bishop and chancellor of England, Berwick was "so populous and of such commercial importance that it might rightly be called another Alexandria, whose riches were the sea and the water its walls". In 1291–92 Berwick was the site of Edward I of England's arbitration in the contest for the Scottish crown between John Balliol and Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale; the decision in favour of Balliol was pronounced in the Great Hall of Berwick Castle on 17 November 1292. In 1296 England went to war with which Scotland was in alliance. Balliol invaded England in response. Edward in turn invaded Scotland and captured Berwick, destroying much of the town and massacring some 20,000 of the inhabitants.
Edward I went again to Berwick in August 1296 to receive formal homage from some 2,000 Scottish nobles, after defeating the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar in April and forcing John Balliol to abdicate at Kincardine Castle the following July. It was at this time. An arm of William Wallace was displayed at Berwick after his execution and quartering on 23 August 1305. In 1314 Edward II of England mustered 25,000 men at Berwick, who fought in the Battle of Bannockburn. Between 1315 and 1318 Scottish armies, sometimes with the help of Flemish and German privateers and blockaded the town invading and capturing it in April 1318. England retook Berwick the day after the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333. In October 1357 a treaty was signed at Berwick by which the Scottish estates undertook to pay 100,000 marks as a ransom for David II of Scotland, taken prisoner a
Myrto Uzuni is an Albanian professional footballer who plays as a winger for Croatian club Lokomotiva and the Albania national team. Uzuni was born in Berat but moved to Greece along with his family as a child, where he remained for six years until 2012, when he returned to his hometown Berat, he joined his local side Tomori and began playing for the club's under-17 side, where he was the 2012–13 under-17 First Division top goalscorer with 14 goals. The following season he scored 4 times in his first 4 games, before joining the under-19 side for a football tournament in Spain in September 2013. Tomori won the tournament and Uzuni was the top goalscorer with 7 goals, which led to a call up to the senior team by the head coach Madrid Muxhaj, he made his professional debut in an Albanian Cup fixture against Pogradeci on 24 October 2013, where he came on as a 53rd-minute substitute for Fatjon Lajthia in the goalless draw. He became an important first team player for the under-19s, but he was once again called up to the senior team for the return leg of the Albanian Cup fixture against Pogradeci.
Uzuni started the game and he marked his first start with his first senior goal in the 2nd minute, before adding a 71st-minute winner in the 3–2 win that saw his side progress to the next round of the cup. He soon made his league debut in the Albanian First Division against Veleçiku on 14 December 2013 in a 1–0 away win, where he came on at half time for Salvador Gjonaj. Overall, he made 11 league appearances and scored one goal to help his side finish in 4th place, as well as adding 2 goals in 4 Albanian Cup games in his debut professional season, taking his tally to 3 goals in 15 games. Having established himself in the first team during the second half of the previous season under Madrid Muxhaj, the club saw a change of management as Eqerem Memushi took charge of the squad ahead of the 2014–15 campaign; the new head coach showed faith in the young player, by starting him in the opening game of the season in a 1–0 win against Shkumbini. He continued to remain in the first team with his good displays, in December he scored twice in 11 days before the winter break.
His performances throughout 2014 won him the Tomori Player of the Year award, given to the player shortly before he would go on to join top flight side Apolonia in the January transfer window of 2015. In January 2015 Uzuni joined Albanian Superliga side Apolonia by penning a four-year contract. On 17 August 2017, after being a target of several top flight clubs, Uzuni completed a transfer to Laçi for €20,000. On the same day, he played and scored in a friendly against Iliria which ended 2–2, he made his competitive debut on 10 September in 2017–18 Albanian Superliga matchday 1 against Partizani, playing full-90 minutes as Laçi caused an upset by winning 2–0. He opened his scoring account on 21 October in the matchday 6 against Lushnja which finished in a 3–0 win with lifted Laçi in 3rd place in championship. On 10 December, Uzuni scored his second of the season – the lone goal of the match versus Skënderbeu – to end the latter's undefeated streak in league, it was Laçi's first league win over Skënderbeu since April 2015.
He scored his first top flight brace on 14 March of the following year in the 3–1 win at Lushnja. He has scored 7 goals with 3 different teams at Roza Haxhiu Stadium, thus making his favourite stadium to score. In the final matchday, Uzuni scored a brace in the 4–2 home win over Teuta which gave him ten for the campaign, as Laçi finished in 4th place to return to UEFA Europa League for the first time in three years. In July 2018, Uzuni was included in manager Besnik Prenga squad list for the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League campaign, he made his debut in the competition on 12 July in the first leg of first qualifying round versus Anorthosis Famagusta. He played the entire match as Laçi lost 2–1. In the returning leg, he scored an 89th-minute header to give Laçi the 1–0 home win and progression to next round through away goal rule. Uzuni's final match for the team occurred on 31 August 2018 in the 1–1 draw versus Skënderbeu where he scored the opener with a powerful shot inside the penalty area. On 3 September 2018, Uzuni moved for the first time aboard and joined the Croatian club NK Lokomotiva by signing a four-year contract.
Laçi earned €350,000 which Lokomotiva will pay in two installments. He took squad number 21, made his competitive debut on 16 September in the 5–2 hammering of Slaven Belupo, setting up a goal, his maiden goal for the club came in a 3 -- 0 win at Gorica. Following some impressive performances in the Albanian Superliga with Apolonia, he received his first international call up by Albania under-21s head coach Skënder Gega in the squad from home league Albanian Superliga to participate in for a 3-days mini preparatory stage in Durrës, Albania from 22–25 February 2015, he was called up in March 2015 for the opening 2017 UEFA U21 Championship qualifier against Liechtenstein on 28 March 2015. He was given the number 10 shirt for his international debut and he started in midfield, he played the full 90 minutes in the 2–0 away victory to get Albania off to a winning start thanks to the goals of Rey Manaj and Liridon Latifi. On 20 May 2016, Uzuni scored his first goal with under-21 side in a friendly against Czech Republic, netting his team's only goal in the 1–1 draw.
Uzuni received his first senior call-up on 2 October 2018 by manager Christian Panucci for the friendly against Jordan and the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League C match against Israel. In December 2017, Uzuni unveiled; as of 30 September 2018 As of 14 October 2018 LaçiAlbanian Cup: Runner-up 2017–18 Albanian S
Letzter is a card game for 3 or 4 players in which the aim is not to win the last trick. It originated in Germany and the names mean "the last one", it should not be confused with Letzter Stich, a much simpler, positive game in which the aim is to win the last trick. These rules are based on the Erweitertes Spielregelbüchlein aus Altenburg. If four play, a full Piquet pack of 32 cards is used; the cards ranks as follows: Ace, Queen, Jack, 10, 9, 8, 7. Seven cards are dealt to each player, the remaining 4 cards are held by the dealer. There are no trumps; the dealer now'shoves' any 3 cards to rearhand. Rearhand shoves any 2 cards to middlehand, who shoves one card in turn to forehand on the dealer's right, thus everyone ends up with 8 cards. Forehand now leads to the first trick and the remaining players, in clockwise order, aim to follow suit. If they are unable to, they may discard any card; the player who plays the highest card of the led suit leads to the next. The first 7 tricks do not count as far as the result is concerned, but the winner of the last trick, loses the game and scores a penalty point.
If a player wins all the tricks in a'march', however, he wins and everyone else gets a penalty point. If three play, the Sevens and Eights are removed; each player is dealt 7 cards, the dealer gets 10. The dealer shoves 2 cards to rearhand who shoves one to middlehand, so that each player has a hand of 8 cards. Otherwise the rules are the same as those of the four-hand game. "Letzter" in Erweitertes Spielregelbüchlein aus Altenburg, Verlag Altenburger Spielkartenfabrik, Leipzig, 1983, pp. 125ff