Beverly Hills, California

Beverly Hills is a city in Los Angeles County, California. Located within 5.7 square miles and surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood, it had a population of 34,109 at the 2010 census and an estimated population of 34,183 in 2018. The city is home to many celebrities, luxury hotels, the Rodeo Drive shopping district. A Spanish ranch where lima beans were grown, Beverly Hills was incorporated in 1914 by a group of investors who had failed to find oil, but found water instead and decided to develop it into a town; the area was settled by Maria Rita Quinteros de Valdez and her husband in 1828. They called their 4,500 acres of property the Rancho Rodeo de las Aguas. In 1854, she sold the ranch to Benjamin Davis Henry Hancock. By the 1880s, the ranch had been subdivided into parcels of 75 acres and was being bought up by Anglos from Los Angeles and the East coast. Gaspar de Portolá arrived in the area that would become Beverly Hills on August 3, 1769, traveling along native trails which followed the present-day route of Wilshire Boulevard.

Henry Hammel and Andrew H. Denker used it for farming lima beans. At this point, the area was known as the Denker Ranch. By 1888, they were planning to build a town called Morocco on their holdings. In 1900, Burton E. Green, Charles A. Canfield, Max Whittier, Frank H. Buck, Henry E. Huntington, William G. Kerckhoff, William F. Herrin, W. S. Porter, Frank H. Balch formed the Amalgamated Oil Company, bought the Hammel and Denker ranch, began looking for oil, they did not find enough to exploit commercially by the standards of the time, though. In 1906, they reorganized as the Rodeo Land and Water Company, renamed the property "Beverly Hills," subdivided it, began selling lots; the development was named "Beverly Hills" after Beverly Farms in Beverly and because of the hills in the area. The Los Angeles Times reported on September 2, 1906: Percy H. Clark Company are managing the development of the foothill portion of the Hammel & Denker ranch for the Rodeo Land and Water Company, to be known as Beverly Hills.

No expense is being spared to make this a fine suburban district.... The property has been laid out on beautiful curved lines; the first house in the subdivision was built in 1907. Beverly Hills was one of many all-white planned communities started in the Los Angeles area around this time. Restrictive covenants prohibited non-whites from owning or renting property unless they were employed as servants by white residents, it was forbidden to sell or rent property to Jews in Beverly Hills. Burton Green began construction on The Beverly Hills Hotel in 1911; the hotel was finished in 1912. The visitors drawn by the hotel were inclined to purchase land in Beverly Hills, by 1914 the population had grown enough to qualify for incorporation as an independent city; that same year, the Rodeo Land and Water Company decided to separate its water business from its real estate business. The Beverly Hills Utility Commission was split off from the land company and incorporated in September 1914, buying all of the utilities-related assets from the Rodeo Land and Water Company.

In 1919, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford bought land on Summit Drive and built a mansion, finished in 1921 and nicknamed "Pickfair" by the press. The glamour associated with Fairbanks and Pickford as well as other movie stars who built mansions in the city contributed to its growing appeal. By the early 1920s the population of Beverly Hills had grown enough to make the water supply a political issue. In 1923 the usual solution, annexation to the city of Los Angeles, was proposed. There was considerable opposition to annexation among such famous residents as Pickford, Will Rogers and Rudolph Valentino; the Beverly Hills Utility Commission, opposed to annexation as well, managed to force the city into a special election and the plan was defeated 337 to 507. In 1928, the Beverly Wilshire Apartment Hotel opened on Wilshire Boulevard between El Camino and Rodeo drives, part of the old Beverly Hills Speedway; that same year oilman Edward L. Doheny finished construction of Greystone Mansion, a 55-room mansion meant as a wedding present for his son Edward L. Doheny, Jr.

The house is a designated historical landmark. In the early 1930s, Santa Monica Park was renamed Beverly Gardens and was extended to span the entire two-mile length of Santa Monica Boulevard through the city; the Electric Fountain marks the corner of Santa Monica Blvd. and Wilshire Blvd. with a small sculpture at the top of a Tongva kneeling in prayer. In April 1931, the new Italian Renaissance-style Beverly Hills City Hall was opened. In the early 1940s, black actors and businessmen had begun to move into Beverly Hills, despite the covenants allowing only whites to live in the city. A neighborhood improvement association attempted to enforce the covenant in court; the defendants included such luminaries as Hattie McDaniel, Louise Beavers, Ethel Waters. Among the white residents supporting the lawsuit against blacks was silent film star Harold Lloyd; the NAACP participated in the defense, successful. In his decision, federal judge Thurmond Clarke said that it was time that "members of the Negro race are accorded, without reservations or evasions, the full rights guaranteed to them under the 14th amendment."

The United States Supreme Court declared restrictive covenants unenforceable in 1948 in Shelley v. Kraemer. A group of Jewish residents of Beverly Hills filed an amicus brief in this case. In 1956, Paul Trousdale purchased the grounds of the Do

Meiko (software)

Meiko is a humanoid persona for Yamaha Corporation's Vocaloid singing synthesizer application. Her voice is sampled by Meiko Haigō, she has performed at live concerts onstage as an animated projection along with Crypton Future Media's other Vocaloids. She was the fourth Vocaloid released and the first to sing in Japanese; the name of the character comes directly from Haigō Meiko. Meiko's codename was "Hanako". "Megumi" was a name considered during her development. Meiko was sold by Crypton Future Media, her voice was created by taking vocal samples from singer Meiko Haigō at a controlled pitch and tone. A Vocaloid 2 update for Meiko was in development, but was canceled after it failed to meet the deadline. A beta version of the vocals were used in Future Stars: Project Mirai. On February 4, 2014, a new version of Meiko, called Meiko V3, was released, it contained an English vocal. Once imported into the Vocaloid 4 engine, the four Japanese voices can access the Cross-Synthesis function. Meiko was positively received and sold well compared to her counterpart Kaito being the most popular of the two.

For a long time she was the best selling Crypton Future Media Vocaloid, selling 3,000+ units. This lasted until the release of Hatsune Miku. 3,000+ units was three times the number of sales she needed to sell to be classified as successful. By 2010, whereas Kaito appeared in the Crypton ranking of their best-selling products, Meiko had fallen from popularity, receiving the least amount of attention of the Crypton Vocaloids. In the same year, Meiko was ranked as the seventh most popular Vocaloid product they sold and the least popular of Crypton Future Media's own Vocaloids. On December 10, 2011, along with the Kagamines' append, were the only Vocaloid software packages not on the top ten list. A month after Meiko V3's release, Meiko took the number one spot on the charts; this was the first time Meiko had held a spot in the top 10 since the charts began. However, her number one spot was short lived, by April she had dropped to the number three spot; this was a much faster fall from number one than Kaito V3, who managed to stay in the position for several months after release.

Meiko soon fell behind Kaito V3 in popularity being one or two places behind his package. By August 2014, Meiko V3 was in sixth spot, while Kaito V3 held the third-place position, losing out only to Hatsune Miku V3 who claimed the number one and number two spot in the ranking, she lost out this particular month to the Kagamine Rin/Len Vocaloid 2 package, which had temporarily returned to the rankings. Crypton confirmed that Meiko's image on her package had nothing to do with her image, but her anime-based appearance appealed to a mainstream audience and the software sold well; as of V3, the image on the box is accepted as her official mascot. Meiko has over 2,400 songs and one of her songs titled "悪食娘コンチータ", by Akuno-P, is considered one of her most popular songs with over 1,000,000 views on Niconico. Official website

Evey Hammond

Evey Hammond is a fictional character and the protagonist of the comic book series, V for Vendetta, created by Alan Moore and David Lloyd. She becomes involved in V's life. Born September 1981, Evey grew up on Shooters Hill in south-east London; as a child, she lost both her parents: her mother died following a nuclear war in the early 1980s and her father was arrested and executed by Norsefire, the fascist dictatorship that seized authority during the war's aftermath, because of his socialist political leanings. Sent to a youth hostel: she is forced to work packing matches into boxes for shipment and begins working at a munitions factory. Struck by poverty, Evey tries to become a prostitute; the first potential customer she approaches turns out to be a Fingerman, a member of Norsefire's secret police, working on a vice squad sting operation. As the man and his associates are about to rape her, she is saved by a mysterious man in a Guy Fawkes mask and black cloak who calls himself "V." V lets.

V takes Evey to his underground hideout, which he refers to as "The Shadow Gallery." He blindfolds her. Evey comes telling him about the death of her parents. V comforts she becomes dependent on him for safety and security; when Evey offers to repay V's kindness, he dresses her up as a young girl and sends her to distract Anthony James Lilliman, a paedophile bishop and Norsefire official whom he has targeted for revenge. Evey is stricken with guilt over her complicity in the bishop's assassination, with her realizing that V is far more sinister than she suspected; when Evey finds herself abandoned by V and alone in the streets, she is taken in by an older man, Gordon Deitrich, involved in organized crime and becomes her lover. When Gordon is murdered by Alistair Harper, a Scottish rival gangster, Evey tries to take revenge, but is herself captured by a Fingerman on the belief that she was going to kill Commander Peter Creedy of the Finger, she is thrown in prison and tortured by the police, who know of her connection to V.

Inside her cell, Evey is passed a letter from the adjoining cell, written by a woman named Valerie Page. The letter is the story of Valerie's life, from her first love to her film career to her imprisonment for being a lesbian. Valerie's tragic death and firm resolve inspire Evey to resist the interrogations; when Evey says that she would rather die than surrender her integrity by informing on V, she is set free from her cell. Evey soon learns that her imprisonment and torture was all staged by V, putting her through the same experiences that shaped him. Furious, Evey comes to understand and accept her identity and freedom. However, the inspiring letter was not fake. After V exacts his revenge on all of his former torturers, he is mortally wounded when he allows Detective Eric Finch, the head of London's police force, to shoot him numerous times. V dies in Evey's arms, leaving her to carry out the final step in his plan to blow up 10 Downing Street. Declining to learn his true identity to maintain the symbolism of his cause, she dons his Guy Fawkes mask and costume and identifies herself as V to London, which causes chaos throughout the country.

Rescuing Detective Sergeant Dominic Stone from an angry mob, she brings him to the Shadow Gallery. In the film adaptation, Evey is played by Natalie Portman where she is working as a runner for the British Television Network when the film begins. Evey is not introduced as a would-be teenage prostitute, although she is on her way to a sexual encounter with Gordon Deitrich when she is caught and nearly raped by Fingermen during the city curfew, being subsequently rescued by V. Evey's trust of V develops quicker in the novel, but a more romantic angle is developed in the film; the background of her family is changed. In the film, she has an older brother, killed by a virus, secretly developed from the experiments on V and other inmates at Larkhill, her parents participate in anti-government protests. The Hammonds are die in Belmarsh prison. Evey's last memory of her mother is of watching her head being covered by a black bag as she is dragged away. Orphaned, Evey is sent to a child reclamation camp, "re-educated" and released back into society.

In the comic book series, V abandons Evey. Evey does form a relationship with Deitrich. Soon after, however Dietrich is mercilessly beaten by Party Leader Peter Creedy as he raids Deitrich's home and captures him, official revenge for satirising the Chancellor on television. V gets to Evey before Creedy does and captures her himself, though she is led to believe she's in the hands of the Fingermen; the ensuing sequences involving the torture Evey undergoes, the inspiration she finds in Valerie's letters, with her character's transformation, are all taken from the graphic novel. Unlike in the graphic novel, E