Beyond the Fringe was a British comedy stage revue written and performed by Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Alan Bennett, Jonathan Miller. It played in London's West End and in America, both on tour and on New York's Broadway in the early 1960s. Hugely successful, it is regarded as seminal to the "satire boom", the rise of satirical comedy in 1960s Britain; the idea, of bringing together the best of revues by the Cambridge Footlights and The Oxford Revue, both of which had transferred to Fringe Festival for short runs in previous years, was conceived of, in 1960, by an Oxford graduate, Robert Ponsonby, artistic director for the Edinburgh International Festival. John Bassett, a graduate of Wadham College, Ponsonby's assistant, recommended Dudley Moore, his jazz bandmate and a rising cabaret talent. Moore in turn recommended Alan Bennett. Bassett chose Jonathan Miller, a Footlights star in 1957. Miller recommended Cook. Bennett and Miller were pursuing careers in academia and medicine but Cook had an agent, having written a West End revue for Kenneth Williams.
Cook's agent negotiated a higher weekly fee for him, but by the time the agent's fee was deducted Cook earned less than the others from the initial run. The majority of the sketches were by Cook and were based on material written for other revues. Among the new material were "The End of the World", "TVPM" and "The Great Train Robbery". Cook and Moore revived some of the sketches on their television and stage shows, most famously the two-hander "One Leg Too Few"; the show's runs in Edinburgh and the provinces had a lukewarm response, but when the revue transferred to the Fortune Theatre in London, in a revised production by Donald Albery and William Donaldson, it became a sensation, thanks in some part to a favourable review by Kenneth Tynan. In 1962 the show transferred to the John Golden Theatre with its original cast. President John F. Kennedy attended a performance on 10 February 1963; the show continued in New York, with most of the original cast, until 1964, when Paxton Whitehead replaced Miller, while the London version continued with a different cast until 1966.
The revue was considered to be ahead of its time, both in its unapologetic willingness to debunk figures of authority, by virtue of its inherently surrealistic comedic vein. Humiliation of authority was something only delved into in The Goon Show and, Hancock's Half Hour, with such parliamentarians as Sir Winston Churchill and Harold Macmillan coming under special scrutiny—although the BBC were predisposed to frown upon it. Macmillan—according to Cook—was not fond of the slurred caricature and charade of senile forgetfulness handed down on him in Cook's impersonation. Since Beyond the Fringe was not owned by the BBC, the quartet enjoyed relative carte blanche; the only protocol they were obliged to adhere to was that, by law, their scripts had to be sent to the Lord Chamberlain for approval prior to performance, a requirement abolished in 1968. Most its lampooning of the British war effort in a sketch titled "The Aftermyth of the War" was scorned by some war veterans for its supposed insensitivity.
One British visitor to the Broadway performance was said to have stood up and shouted'rotters!' at a sketch he found distasteful, before sitting down again and enjoying the remainder of the show, while another, at the first performance in Edinburgh stood up and declared that the'young bounders don't know the first thing about it!' and promptly left the auditorium. In response to these negative audience reactions, the Beyond the Fringe team said that they were not ridiculing the efforts of those involved in the war, but were challenging the subsequent media portrayal of them. Beyond the Fringe was a forerunner to British television programmes That Was the Week That Was, At Last the 1948 Show and Monty Python's Flying Circus; as with the established comedy revue, it was a series of satirical sketches and musical pieces using a minimal set, looking at events of the day. It represented the views and disappointments of the first generation of British people to grow up after World War II, gave voice to a sense of the loss of national purpose with the end of the British Empire.
Although all of the cast contributed material, the most quoted pieces were those by Cook, many of which had appeared before in his Cambridge Footlights revues. The show broke new ground with Peter Cook's impression of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan. In 2006, Jonathan Miller recounted that the breach of decorum this represented was a source of embarrassment to both audience and performers; the show is credited with giving many other performers the courage to be satirical and more improvisational in their manner, broke the conventions of not lampooning the Royal Family or the government of the day. Shakespearean drama was another target of their comedy. There were a number of musical items in the show, using Dudley Moore's music, most famously an arrangement of the Colonel Bogey March which resists Moore's repeated attempts to bring it to an end; the show prefigured the Satire Boom of the 1960s. Without it, there might not have been either That Was the Week That Was or Private Eye, the satirical magazine which originated at the same time, that survived due to financial support from Peter Cook, that served as the model for the American Spy Magazine.
Cook and Moore formed a comedy team and appeared in the
Chip on board is the method of manufacturing where integrated circuits are wired and bonded directly to a printed circuit board. By eliminating the packaging of individual semiconductor devices, the completed product can be more compact and less costly. In some cases chip on board construction improves the operation of radio frequency systems by reducing the inductance and capacitance of integrated circuit leads. Chip on board merges two levels of electronic packaging, level 1 and level 2, may be referred to as a "level 1.5" Integrated circuits containing arrays of light-emitting diodes have made LED lighting more efficient. Chips on board is used in electronics and computing, identifiable by "glop tops". A finished semiconductor wafer is cut into dies; each die is physically bonded to the PCB. Three different methods are used to connect the terminal pads of the integrated circuit with the conductive traces of the printed circuit board. In "flip chip on board", the device is inverted, with the top layer of metallization facing the circuit board.
Small balls of solder are placed on the circuit board traces where connections to the chip are required. The chip and board are passed through a reflow soldering process to make the electrical connections. In "wire bonding", the chip is attached to the board with an adhesive; each pad on the device is connected with a fine wire lead, welded to the pad and to the circuit board. This is similar to the way that an integrated circuit is connected to its lead frame, but instead the chip is wire-bonded directly to the circuit board. In "tape-automated bonding", thin flat metal tape leads are attached to the device pads welded to the printed circuit board. In all cases, the chip and connections are covered with an encapsulant to reduce entry of moisture or corrosive gases to the chip, to protect the wire bonds or tape leads from physical damage; the printed circuit board substrate may be assembled into the final product, for example, as in a pocket calculator, or, in the case of a multi-chip module, the module may be inserted in a socket or otherwise attached to yet another circuit board.
The substrate wiring board may include heat-dissipating layers where the mounted devices handle significant power, such as in LED lighting or power semiconductors. Or, the substrate may have low-loss properties required at microwave radio frequencies. Chip on wire Chip on flex
Prasat Chrung are temples that located at each corner of the Angkor Thom, on the earth embankment that reaches to the top of the walls, is a small temple known as Prasat Chrung in modern Khmer. These four sandstone temples, in the style of Bayon, were Buddhist and dedicated to the Bodhisatta Lokesvara, as was the Bayon and the city. Cross-shaped in plan and facing to the east side; the sanctuary surrounded by a tower and steles with a poem praising the king were housed in small adjacent structures. Each stele has four different authors. Today these are housed in the Conservation office; some of the Buddhist pediments were defaced in the late 13th century during the reign of king Jayavarman VIII and the figure of the Buddha was transformed into a linga
Capitol Collectors Series is a compilation album of the American folk music group the Kingston Trio's recordings from their time with the Capitol Records label. It contains songs from both the Dave John Stewart trios. All the songs included were released as singles by the group with two having never appeared on any of their principal recordings; the Allmusic critic, Bruce Eder, called the compilation the first serious and broad compilation of the trio although noting the lack of some important tracks. He criticized the emphasis on singles rather than album tracks, he wrote, "The four-CD set The Capitol Years can be recommended more to those who want to understand the group's appeal and music, or just to remember the stuff they heard back when. This disc is a good introduction to one side of the Kingston Trio's work, but it shouldn't be the last compilation that one buys on the group." "Scarlet Ribbons" - 2:19 "Tom Dooley" – 3:05 "Raspberries, Strawberries" – 2:07 "The Tijuana Jail" - 2:50 "M.
T. A." - 3:16 "A Worried Man" - 3:27 "Coo Coo-U" - 2:19 "El Matador" - 2:27 "Bad Man Blunder" - 2:39 "Everglades" - 2:21 "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?" - 3:04 "Scotch and Soda" – 2:34 "Jane, Jane" – 2:53 "One More Town" – 2:59 "Greenback Dollar" - 2:51 "Reverend Mr. Black" - 3:16 "Desert Pete" - 2:49 "Ally Ally Oxen Free" - 2:06 "Patriot Game" – 2:53 "Seasons in the Sun" – 2:53 Dave Guard – vocals, guitar Bob Shane – vocals, guitar Nick Reynolds – vocals, tenor guitar, conga John Stewart – vocals, guitar David "Buck" Wheat – double bass Liner notes and song information
California's 34th congressional district is a congressional district in Los Angeles County in the U. S. state of California. The district has been represented by Democrat Jimmy Gomez since June 2017, its previous representative, Democrat Xavier Becerra of Los Angeles, resigned January 24, 2017 to become Attorney General of California. Representative Gomez won a special election on June 6, 2017, beating fellow Democrat Robert Lee Ahn to replace Becerra, he was sworn in as the District's Congressman on July 11, 2017. The district is entirely within the City of Los Angeles and includes the following neighborhoods in Central and Northeast Los Angeles: Boyle Heights Chinatown City Terrace Cypress Park Downtown Los Angeles Eagle Rock El Sereno Garvanza Glassell Park Highland Park Koreatown Little Bangladesh Little Tokyo Lincoln Heights Montecito Heights Monterey Hills Mount Washington Westlake District created January 3, 1963 As of October 2019, there are five former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from California's 34th congressional district that are living.
The most recent representative to die was Richard T. Hanna on June 9, 2001; the most serving representative to die was Mark W. Hannaford on June 2, 1985. From 2003 through 2013, the district consisted of parts of downtown Los Angeles, including Downey and Maywood. Due to redistricting after the 2010 United States Census, the district pivoted north east within Los Angeles County and still includes downtown Los Angeles and areas north east. List of United States congressional districts California's 34th congressional district, GovTrack. US RAND California Election Returns: District Definitions California Voter Foundation map - CD34
Kirt Niedrigh is a fictional character, a semi-reformed supervillain in the DC Comics Universe. Created by Cary Bates and Mike Grell, Niedrigh is a former hopeful for the Legion of Super-Heroes under the guise of Absorbency Boy. After being rejected from the team, years he resurfaced as Earth-Man leading a group of supervillains calling themselves the "Justice League of Earth", which help to enforce a xenophobic agenda that Earth has adopted, he first appears in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #218, reappeared as Earth-Man in Action Comics #858, the first part of the "Superman and the Legion of Super-Heroes" story arc. As a teenager, Kirt Niedrigh applied for membership in the Legion of Super-Heroes. Calling himself Absorbency Boy, possessing the ability to absorb the energy residue of any super-powered being, gaining their powers himself, he was rejected on the grounds that his powers were too limited. In the rebooted continuity of New Earth, his rejection was further elaborated upon, explaining that while his powers had the potential to develop in time, Saturn Girl had analyzed his mind, finding a deep streak of antisocial and evil tendencies that Kirt was unwilling to keep in check, foreshadowed his transformation into the xenophobic villain he would be in his maturity.
Incensed at his rejection, Niedrigh found the costume of "Zoraz", a fake villain used as a final test for new Legionnaires. Both Superboy and Sun Boy had used the costume earlier. Attacking the Legion and defeating them, Niedrigh revealed himself, believing that he had earned his place on the team; the Legion did not see things this way, Superboy attempted to confiscate the suit. Niedrigh used the suit's residual Sun Boy energies to project red sun radiation absorbed Superboy's powers and defeated the Kryptonian. Niedrigh was defeated by Legion applicant Tyroc, who used an ultrasonic scream to overwhelm his newly acquired super-hearing. Thereafter, Tyroc is inducted into the Legion. Niedrigh resurfaced in the 2007–2008 storyline, "Superman and the Legion of Super-Heroes". Now calling himself Earth-Man, he claimed to have discovered a crystal tablet in the Arctic which proved that Superman was not an alien, but a human, granted powers by Mother Earth to protect the Earth from alien invaders. Using this knowledge, Earth-Man was able to sow distrust and hatred of aliens among the people of Earth, resulting in its seceding from the United Planets, all aliens on Earth being violently captured and deported.
Earth-Man gathered a group of fellow Earth-born Legion rejects, formed the Justice League of Earth, a group purporting to uphold Superman's ideals. Earth-Man captured many Legion members, absorbing their powers for his own, using the Legionnaire Sun Boy to turn many of the suns in the galaxy red. In desperation, the remaining members of the Legion brought Superman to the 31st century, together they stormed the JLE's satellite headquarters. Earth-Man took on Superman defeating him until Brainiac 5 freed Sun Boy. With Earth's sun once again yellow, Superman could fight Earth-Man on equal terms; the return of Superman's powers, coupled with Earth-Man's indiscriminate attacks, convinced the people of New Metropolis that they had been lied to. Earth-Man held his own against Superman until the freed Legion members arrived, he was defeated by their combined numbers. Earth-Man and his JLE were taken to the prison planet Takron-Galtos, it was revealed that the crystal tablet Earth-Man found had been planted in the Arctic by the Time Trapper in an attempt to separate Superman from the Legion.
Earth-Man and the rest of the JLE appear as members of the new Legion of Super-Villains in Final Crisis: Legion of 3 Worlds. He states that the alliance is only temporary, since the villains all want the same thing: death to the Legion. Following the defeat of the combined JLE-LSV, Earth-Man is again imprisoned, until the Earth Government, eager to mollify his pro-human supporters, forces the Legion to offer him membership in return for allowing the Legion to remain on Earth. While mulling over their offer, Earth-Man is offered a Green Lantern ring by Dyogene, a creature from within the planet Oa. Earth-Man accepts the Legion's offer, but secretly uses his Lantern ring to deactivate the failsafe that Brainiac 5 placed in his Legion flight ring to keep his power in check. Despite this breach of faith, he still acts in the Legion's favor during an anti-alien riot. Afterwards, back in his quarters, he asks the Lantern ring how it works, it produces a power battery and tells him the recharging oath.
He reveals the ring to the Legion,and is taken by it to the planet Xerifos, which the ring has its inhabitants are in need of help. Upon arrival, Earth-Man is attacked by the planet's native creatures, which the ring will not let him attack, as they are sentient, he is saved by Sun Boy, after finding out from the ring that the planet's atmosphere needs to be altered and joins with Element Lad's power's to do so. Earth-Man discards the ring, declaring that he will not be led around by it, returns to Earth with the Legion. Dyogene appears taking back the ring. Back on Earth, Earth-Man is approached by his former xenophobic colleagues, who want him to help attack refugees from Titan. Not only does he refuse, but Earth-Man helps the Legion defeat the xenophobe's army, leads the Legion to their headquarters, apprehending them; that same night, Phantom Girl catches him in bed with Shadow Lass. A short while afterward, Earth-Man discovers that Brainiac 5 had altered his flight ring to increase his sense of morality.
Bringing Brainy the wrecked ring, Earth-Man declares that he wil