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Bhagirathi River

The Bhāgīrathī is a turbulent Himalayan river in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, one of the two headstreams of the Ganges, the major river of Northern India and considered holy in Hinduism. In Hindu faith and culture, the Bhagirathi is considered the source stream of the Ganges. However, in hydrology, the other headstream, Alaknanda, is considered the source stream on account of its great length and discharge; the word "Bhagirathi" refers to a mythological Sagar Dynasty prince who, to gain the release of his 60,000 great-uncles from the curse of saint Kapila, brought the goddess Ganga in the form of the river Ganges, from the heavens to the earth. Hence, Ganges considered as the daughter of Bhagiratha and Ganges called Baghirathi. Bhagiratha was the king of a kingdom in ancient India, he was a descendant of Surya Dynasty. He was one of the forefathers of Lord Rama, of the Ramayana, the epic in which Bhagiratha's tale is recounted; the story of Bhagiratha explained in Balakhanda of Ramayana. Shiva brought Ganga river to Bindu Sarovar on request of Bhagiratha.

The headwaters of the Bhagirathi are formed at Gaumukh, at the foot of the Gangotri glacier and Khatling glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya. It is joined by its tributaries; the Bhilangna itself rises at the foot of the Khatling Glacier 50 km south of Gaumukh. The river flows from its source for 205 km before meeting the Alaknanda River at an elevation of 475 m in the town of Devprayag. Downstream of this confluence, considered holy by Hindus, the river is known as the Ganga, or Ganges River by westerners; the controversial Tehri dam lies at the confluence of the Bhāgirathi and the Bhilangna, at 30°22′32″N 78°28′48″E, near Tehri. Chaukhamba I is the highest point of the Bhagirathi basin. There are planned; these are, in order from the source: Wilson, W.. A summer ramble in the Himalayas: with sporting adventures in the Vale of Cashmere. London: Hurst and Blackett. OCLC 58410561. Available on microfilm Heske, Franz. Im heiligen Lande der Gangesquellen. Neudamm, Germany: J. Neumann. OCLC 35036471. Sharma, Man Mohan.

Through the Valley of Gods: Travels in the Central Himalayas. New Delhi: Vision Books. OCLC 4547622

Killer Joe (film)

Killer Joe is a 2011 American Southern Gothic black comedy crime film directed by William Friedkin. The screenplay by Tracy Letts is based on his 1993 play of the same name; the film stars Matthew McConaughey in the title role, Emile Hirsch, Juno Temple, Gina Gershon and Thomas Haden Church. Friedkin and Letts had collaborated on the 2006 film Bug. In West Dallas, Texas, 22-year-old drug dealer Chris Smith comes to the house of his father Ansel and step-mother Sharla, after his mother, threw him out of her house. To make matters worse, Adele stole his cocaine money and spent it on fixing her car, now Chris is desperate to pay off his debt to his dealer, Digger Soames, so he decides to murder his mother to collect the $50,000 life insurance of which his sister Dottie is the sole beneficiary. Assuming Dottie would share the money with Chris and their father, Chris manages to rope the dim-witted Ansel into hiring Joe Cooper, a police detective who has a side career as a contract killer, to kill Adele to get the money.

Chris and Ansel decide that after paying Joe from the proceeds of the life insurance policy, they will split the remainder four ways between themselves and Ansel's wife Sharla. Dottie hears the plan as they are talking, agrees that it's a good idea; the plan fails when Joe demands all of the money in advance, but Chris and Ansel are broke. However, Joe is interested in young Dottie and offers to take her as a "retainer" until the insurance comes through. Through Dottie's interaction with Joe, it is revealed that Adele tried to kill Dottie once when she was an infant. Joe and Dottie start a relationship. Chris has a change of heart and asks him to call off the hit, only to discover that Joe has killed Adele. With Chris's reluctant help, Joe torches it. After Adele's death is discovered, the family learns that the insurance beneficiary is Rex, Adele's boyfriend, rather than her daughter Dottie. Chris admits he heard the details about the policy from Rex, who told him about Joe. Ansel realizes that Rex duped Chris into hiring Joe to kill Adele.

Afterwards, Chris tries to talk Dottie into running away with him to escape Digger, who has had two of his goons beat Chris up for not having repaid him. Dottie says she will go with him; when Ansel and Sharla return home from Adele's funeral, they find Joe inside with Dottie. He comes out of her room and asks pointed questions of Sharla, which leads her to admit that she knew the policy was $100,000. Joe shows them a check of that amount payable to Rex, as well as incriminating photos which prove Sharla was having an affair with Rex. Angered, Ansel declines to protect Sharla when Joe punches her and forces her to simulate oral sex on a fried chicken drumstick. Joe knows Chris is coming to take Dottie away and he threatens to kill Ansel and Sharla if they don't stop him. After Chris is seated for dinner, Joe announces. Chris refuses ordering Dottie to leave with him. For a moment Dottie sits there she gets up and turns. While the men yell out at her, Chris threatens Joe with the two struggle. Ansel and Sharla rush to assist Joe as he brutally beats Chris, not wanting to be killed by Joe if Chris flees with Dottie.

In all the confusion, Dottie recovers the gun and, in a rage, she fires several shots, killing Chris and wounding Ansel. Dottie turns the gun on Joe. Joe appears overjoyed as he inches closer to Dottie; the film ends. Matthew McConaughey as "Killer" Joe Cooper Emile Hirsch as Chris Smith Juno Temple as Dottie Smith Gina Gershon as Sharla Smith Thomas Haden Church as Ansel Smith Marc Macaulay as Digger Soames In the United States, the film received an NC-17 rating from the MPAA for "graphic disturbing content involving violence and sexuality, a scene of brutality." After an unsuccessful appeal, LD Entertainment announced plans to release the film uncut with the NC-17 on July 27, 2012. On October 23, 2012, the NC-17 rating was surrendered, thus the film was released on DVD and Blu-ray with the NC-17 version released as the unrated director's cut in the United States. An edited R-rated version was released on DVD; the edited R-rated version has the chicken leg scene censored and has the beating of Chris by Joe during the film's climax cut.

Killer Joe premiered at the 68th Venice International Film Festival before making its North American debut at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival, where US distribution rights were acquired by LD Entertainment. LD Entertainment, Liddell's new theatrical distribution company headed by David Dinerstein, scheduled its release for July 2012; the film made its Quebec premiere at the Fantasia Festival, an annual international genre film festival held in Montreal, Quebec, on July 31, 2012. The film's UK premiere was at the Opening Gala of the Edinburgh International Film Festival on June 20, 2012, where it was introduced by Friedkin and Gershon, who attended the after-party at the National Museum of Scotland; the film received a theatrical release in the United Kingdom on June 29. It opened in three theaters a month in the United States; the film was not a box office success, only grossing $1,987,762 in the domestic market and $2,645,906 internationally for a worldwide total of $4,633,668.

The film was only released in 75 theaters nationwide and closed on October 14, nine days prior to the rating being surrendered. The film had an estimated $10 million budget. Killer Joe received positive revie

Reading Well Books on Prescription

Reading Well Books on Prescription is a scheme in England to encourage people to manage their health and well-being by reading self-help books. The scheme was launched in 2013 by the charity The Reading Agency and the Society of Chief Librarians with funding from Arts Council England; the scheme provided reading lists for common mental health conditions, but extended this offer to include reading lists for mood-busting books, young people, long term conditions. The books on the lists are endorsed by health experts, can be recommended by GPs or other health professionals, or borrowed without referral from public libraries in England; the scheme was based on a similar scheme in Wales, set up by Professor Neil Frude in 2003. Neil Frude said "The doctors are there, the books are there and so are the libraries, it just needed joining them up."The scheme is supported by evidence which suggests reading can improve health and wellbeing and its effectiveness is evaluated annually. Results show that in its first year the scheme reached 275,000 people, libraries saw a 113% increase in loans of the titles on the list.

The scheme has the support of bodies including the Royal College of General Practitioners, Royal College of Nursing, Mind. In January 2015, the scheme was expanded to include books to assist people affected by dementia, whether directly or as carers. Local public library systems are supporting the scheme in various ways, including making the books available in branches, providing access through their catalogues, promoting the lists and the books. In 2015, the findings of a two-year evaluation report into the Reading Well Books on Prescription scheme were published; some general practices are informing patients about the Reading Well lists as part of their patient information websites. A book list on common mental health conditions in adults was created in 2013, it was followed by a list for people with dementia and their carers in 2015, the "Reading Well for Young People" list, aimed at the 13–18 age group and including fiction such as The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, in 2016.

"Reading Well Books on Prescription core list". The Reading Agency. 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2016. "Reading Well Books on Prescription for dementia booklist". The Reading Agency. January 2015. Retrieved 9 August 2016. "Books on Prescription: Young people's mental health". The Reading Agency. 2016

Adam Dubin

Adam C. Dubin is an American filmmaker, who co-directed Beastie Boys music videos " Fight for Your Right" and "No Sleep till Brooklyn", with Ric Menello. "Fight For Your Right" is number three on MTV's all time funniest music videos. In 2007, Fuse TV interviewed Dubin when it aired a 30-minute episode about "Fight For Your Right" as part of their series Videos That Rocked The World. Dubin directed A Year and a Half in the Life of Metallica feature-length documentary for Metallica and their music video "Nothing Else Matters". Dubin has directed several short comedy films with comedians Lewis Jim Norton. A graduate of the NYU film program. Dubin was roommates at NYU with record producer Rick Rubin. In 2009, Dubin directed the concert film Stark Raving Black starring comedian Lewis Black. In 2012, Dubin directed the concert film In God We Rust starring Black. In 2013, Dubin directed the documentary film Hit The Lights-The Making Of Metallica Through The Never about the making of Metallica Through The Never starring Metallica and actor Dane DeHaan

List of Bulgarian submissions for the Academy Award for Best International Feature Film

Bulgaria has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best International Feature Film since 1970. The award is handed out annually by the United States-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature length motion picture produced outside the U. S. that contains non-English language dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit was created for non-English speaking films, has been given annually since. Since 1970, Bulgaria has submitted twenty-seven films for consideration. No Bulgarian film has yet been nominated for an Oscar, although their 2009 submission was shortlisted for the 2010 Best Foreign Language Film award. All films were in Bulgarian, apart from the 2019 submission, Ága, in Yakut; as of 2007, the Bulgarian submission has been chosen by the newly formed Bulgarian National Film Council. Prior to 2007, the responsibility went to the Bulgarian National Council on Cinema; the Bulgarian films selected for this category fall into three categories- those submitted by the Communist People's Republic of Bulgaria, those made during the Post-Communist transition period where film output was limited and films made after the national film industry had recovered.

The People's Republic of Bulgaria deemed seven films worthy of Oscar consideration, choosing apolitical films nationalist dramas showcasing Bulgarian history. The most famous of these was “The Goat Horn”, a revenge drama based on a famous Bulgarian folktale and considered one of the greatest Bulgarian films of all-time. Set in the 18th century, four bandits rape and kill a woman in front of her husband and young daughter; the husband raises his daughter as a boy to take revenge. “Khan Asparoukh”, is an epic 7th century drama about Bulgaria's greatest Emperor Asparoukh, who fought against the Byzantines and founded the Bulgarian nation. “Time of Violence” is a 17th-century tale about the invasion of a Christian region by the Janissaries- Bulgarian youths kidnapped as children by the Ottoman Turks and raised as Muslims in order to violently convert their home villages. The latter film was selected for the Oscars in the midst of the political turmoil that led to the Communist overthrow. Three other dramas bordered on the surreal.

Two films by Christo Christov were selected in the 1970s: “The Last Summer”, about a rural town whose residents are forced to go elsewhere when a new dam floods the area, “The Barrier”, a romance between a middle-aged composer and the eccentric woman to whom he gives shelter in his home. "Where Do We Go From Here?" is the story of a director cruelly manipulating 26 aspiring actors & actresses trying to win an acting competition. The first-ever Bulgarian Oscar submission was the children's comedy film “Porcupines Are Born without Bristles”, selected in Fall 1971 to compete for the 1972 Oscars. After the fall of Communism and the end of generous state subsidies, Bulgarian film output fell drastically. In 1999, not a single Bulgarian film was released; those few films that were released took advantage of the new lack of censorship to harshly attack the excesses of the old regime. All three films submitted for consideration to the Oscars in this time period were anti-Communist films. Margarit & Margarita, the story of two rebellious youths who fall in love, was banned shortly before the 1989 Revolution and was released shortly after.

The Well tells the story of how Communism was imposed with an iron fist after the end of the Second World War. The Canary Season is about the tragic life story of a woman as retold to her teenage son who wants to know the identity of his real father, in which she recounts her rape and forced marriage at the hands of the regime. Prior to Letter to America, every movie on this list was produced by the respected film studio Boyana Film. Starting with America, films from the new and independent studios began to be chosen for the first time; as the number of internationally recognized Bulgarian films increased, multiple films began to be considered each year. In the 2006-2008 selections, four and three semi-finalists were considered respectively. Since Fall 2000, Bulgaria has never failed to submit a film for consideration in the category. Three out of the ten films were directed by women, including one by Milena Andonova, the daughter of Goat Horn director Melodi Andonov. Since 2006, nine Foreign Language Film contenders are shortlisted after an initial round of AMPAS screenings.

A selection of Academy members in New York and Los Angeles determine the final five nominees. The World is Big and Salvation Lurks Around the Corner was among the nine films shortlisted in 2009, but it did not make the final five. Recent films selected have covered a wide variety of genres, with a special emphasis on stories from the Bulgarian countryside. In Letter to America, a man from Sofia is required to visit the ancestral village of his childhood friend in search of a song that will help him recover from an accident suffered in the United States. Fate As a Rat is a black comedy about three crass men living in a seaside town in the late 1980s. Warming Up Yesterday's Lunch follows a documentary film crew into the forests of Macedonia to track down and interview an elderly woman with a fascinating family history. Journey to Jerusalem is about two German-Jewish children escaping the Nazis who end up in Bulgaria during WWII, the traveling theatrical troupe who tries to help them reach their relatives in Palestine.

Mila From Mars, arguably the most-awarded film in Bulgaria's recent cinematic history, follows a pregnant teen who escapes to a remote village to give birth to her child. Stolen Eyes featu


Iollas was the son of Antipater and the brother of Cassander, king of Macedon. He was one of the royal youths who, according to the Macedonian custom, held offices about the king's person and was cup-bearer to Alexander the Great during the period of his last illness. For those commentators on Alexander's death who adopted the idea of the king having been poisoned, Iollas is considered to be the person who administered the fatal draught at the banquet given to Alexander by Medius, according to this story, was an intimate friend of Iollas, had been induced by him to take part in the plot. Plutarch wrote that this version of events was never heard of until six years after Alexander's death, when Olympias availed herself of this as an excuse for the cruelties she exercised upon the friends and supporters of Antipater. By that time Iollas was dead, but she instructed that his grave be opened and desecrated with every mark of indignity; the date and nature of Iollas' death is not mentioned anywhere.

The last he is heard of is in 322 BC, when he accompanied his sister Nicaea to Asia, where she was married to Perdiccas. Hyperides proposed. Smith, William. "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology