Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Acción mutante is a 1993 Spanish science fiction black comedy film co-written and directed by Álex de la Iglesia and produced by, among others, Pedro Almodóvar. A future post-apocalyptic world is ruled by the good-looking people. A terrorist group of disabled people, who see themselves as mutants, take arms against their oppressors, they plan to rid the world of superficiality. They are inept at what they do and mistrust one another, they assassinate body builders, massacre an aerobics class on live TV and blow up a sperm bank as part of their violent campaign. Led by their chief Ramón Yarritu, they plan their final hit before retirement, they staple Patricia's lips together with a special electronic device and escape from the police in their spaceship whose disguised as a gigantic fish merchant ship. Ramón, planning to keep the ransom money for himself, hides from the group that the amount set for the exchange is 100 million and declares its only 10 million, the gang accidentally watches a news flash report where the correct amount to be delivered by the girl's family is revealed, the gang gets upset and summons Ramón to explain the misinformation but he turns the gang members against each other by convincing them there is a traitor on board the ship and, part of the crew.
His scheme and plot leads to the deaths of all the crewmen/henchmen of the gang accidentally each time a member was murdered by Ramón himself, while killing the last one of the terrorists - Juan, who has a siamese twin.. Álex, he is discovered and a fierce fight starts culminating in the destruction of the guidance system of the ship. They crash on a planet called Axturiax, a brutal and forgotten mining planet inhabited only by male crazed, sex-starved miners because all women had died. Ramón and Patricia, who has developed Stockholm Syndrome, are captured by miners but manage to escape, but not before they attempt to gang-rape her, Álex survives the crash too and after he friendlies with a blind experienced miner, he decides to pursue Ramón to avenge his death brother and to rescue Patricia, he must drag the attached dead body of his brother Juan around with him for the rest of the film, A planned ransom drop trick by Orujo turns into mayhem, when a portable nuclear device is activated by lord Orujo to wipe clean the whole area, the event is compounded by live TV coverage for the ransom negotiations when Álex arrives and kills Lord Orujo with a headshot, initiating a dogfight inside the bar that goes to its climax when the police forces join the show and Ramón decides to sacrifice himself to allow Patricia escape and survive the bar fight with the police forces outside... greeting Patricia with a French kiss and Álex by telling him he is still useless, he uses Lord Orujo mini nuke to evaporate the police army outside entrance while the bar trembles and crumbles due to the mini nuke shockwave.
When the nuclear blast is over Álex gets rid of his siamese twin attached body and finds Patricia hidden below a metal cage that saved her, they hold each other in order to ready a machine gun and get outside the destroyed bar. Acción mutante on IMDb Acción mutante at AllMovie
High Heels (film)
High Heels is a 1991 Spanish melodrama film written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar and starring Marisa Paredes, Victoria Abril and Miguel Bosé. The plot follows the fractured relationship between a self-involved mother, a famous torch song singer and the grown daughter she had abandoned as a child; the daughter, who works as a TV newscaster, has married her mother's ex-lover and has befriended a female impersonator. A murder further complicates this web of relationships; the film was selected as the Spanish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 64th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. The film has the feel of other mother-daughter melodramas like Stella Dallas, Mildred Pierce, Imitation of Life and Autumn Sonata, quoted directly in the film. Rebeca, a TV news broadcaster, is at Madrid's airport anxiously awaiting the return of her mother whom she has not seen since she was a child, her mother, Becky del Páramo, a famous torch song singer, is coming back to Spain after a fifteen-year stay in Mexico.
While waiting, Rebeca recalls incidents from her childhood in which her mother left her in the background of her life preoccupied with her career and her romantic life. For fifteen years Rebeca has longed for her mother to come back and for the love and affection of which she had been deprived, her love is accompanied by a deep resentment. Rebeca has since become a newsreader for a private television station owned by her husband Manuel; the reunion of mother and daughter is tenser because Manuel was many years ago one of Becky's lovers. The night of her return, Becky and Manuel have supper and go out to see Letal, a female impersonator whose drag act is based on Becky. For sometime, Rebeca has been coming to see the show. Backstage, Rebeca helps Letal to remove his costume. Kneeling in front of him as she helps him undress, she is impressed by his manliness. Letal takes advantage of the situation and they make love. Manuel, who no longer loves his wife, wants to divorce Rebeca. A month Manuel is murdered in his villa.
He had spent the evening first with his mistress Isabel, the sign language interpreter of Rebeca's words on the news, with Becky who, having become his lover again has learnt he had another mistress and had come to announce it was over between them. It was Rebeca; the investigating magistrate, Judge Dominguez, centers his suspicions on the mother and daughter whose relationship he knows has not recovered since Rebeca found out Becky was seeing Manuel. On the day of Manuel's funeral, while reading the news of his death, Rebeca confesses to the murder live on television, she is imprisoned, but the investigating judge seems desperate to prove her innocence despite all the evidence. Becky makes her return to the Madrid stage. In jail, she listens on the radio to a triumphant Madrid concert performance of her mother who dedicates her first songs to her. Paula, the social worker, takes a special interest in Rebeca. A nude picture of Hugo that Paula carries with her makes Rebeca think that Letal and Hugo are the same person.
The judge arranges for Becky to see her daughter, Rebeca now denies the murder of Manuel. Mother and daughter confess to each other their lack of love, their jealousy, their secrets. Rebeca draws a comparison between herself and the daughter in the film Autumn Sonata in which the girl's mother, an outstanding pianist, asks her to play the piano and humiliates her by telling her how to improve her performance. Rebeca suggests that she too has always felt inferior to Becky and has been forced to compete with her, winning only once by marrying Manuel, but this victory was denied her, when Becky started an affair with Manuel. If Rebeca's desire to be closer to Becky led her, fifteen years ago, to murder her stepfather, it played some part in her murder of Manuel, whom she sees as ousting in her mother's affection; the extent of Rebeca's fixation and the limitlessness of her adoration are too much for Becky's frail heart and her condition worsens. Back in prison, Rebeca discovers she is pregnant – carrying Letal's child.
At once, the Judge releases her without any fresh evidence. Rebeca goes to see Letal's final drag performance and in the dressing room discovers that he is the judge, Letal being one of the Judge's disguises and Hugo being another, he explains that his dressing up was not more than an investigative strategy and, knowing about her pregnancy, asks her to marry him. As Rebeca struggles to take this in, they see, they rush to the hospital. Rebeca confesses to her mother the murder of Manuel, Becky decides to take the blame in order for her daughter to go free. Becky confesses to the murder and when she is taken home to die, Rebeca gives her the gun and Becky leaves her fingerprints on it, thereby incriminating herself and establishing Rebeca's innocence; when Rebeca sees the high heels of the women passing in the street, she tells her mother the sound of the heels from a distance reminds her of her mother coming home when she was little. She realizes her mother has died while she was talking. High Heels was an interpretative tour de force for two essential actresses of the'Almodovarian universe': Marisa Paredes and Victoria Abril.
The male lead was difficult to cast. The actor had to be believable as a judge; the role went to Miguel Bosé, a famous singer in Spain and Latin America. His casting was a cause celebre of the film publicity. Victoria Abril as Rebeca Marisa Paredes a
Berit Elisabeth Andersson, known professionally as Bibi Andersson, is a Swedish actress. Andersson was born in Kungsholmen, the daughter of Karin, a social worker, Josef Andersson, a businessman, she studied acting at the Terserus Drama School and at the legendary Royal Dramatic Theatre School in Stockholm. After completing school, she agreed to join the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, which she was associated with for 30 years, her first collaboration with Ingmar Bergman was in 1951, when she participated in his production of an advertisement for the detergent "Bris". In the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, she starred in more than ten Bergman-directed pictures, including The Seventh Seal, Wild Strawberries, Brink of Life, The Magician, The Passion of Anna, The Touch and Persona. In 1963 at the 13th Berlin International Film Festival, Andersson won the Silver Bear for Best Actress award for her role in Vilgot Sjöman's film The Mistress, her intense portrayal of the nurse Alma in the 1966 film Persona led to an increase in the number of cinematic roles offered her, she appeared that same year opposite James Garner and Sidney Poitier in the violent western Duel at Diablo.
For her role in Persona, she won the award for Best Actress at the 4th Guldbagge Awards. More Bergman collaborations followed, she worked with John Huston and Robert Altman, she made her debut in American theatre in 1973 with a production of Erich Maria Remarque's Full Circle. Her most famous American film is I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, that starred Kathleen Quinlan. In 1990, she worked as a theatre director in Stockholm. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Andersson worked in television and as a theatre actress, working with Bergman among others, she was a supervisor for the humanitarian project Road to Sarajevo. In 1996, she published her autobiography Ett ögonblick, she has been married to the director Kjell Grede with whom she has a daughter, and, secondly, to the politician and writer Per Ahlmark. Since 29 May 2004, Andersson has been married to Gabriel Mora Baeza. In 2009 she suffered a massive stroke. An article from 2010 says, unable to speak. 2006: Ibsen Centennial Commemoration Award Bibi Andersson at Encyclopædia Britannica Bibi Andersson on IMDb Bibi Andersson at the Swedish Film Database Bibi Andersson at the TCM Movie Database Bibi Andersson at the Internet Broadway Database
A presenter is a person who introduces or hosts television programs. Nowadays, it is common for personalities in other fields to take on this role, but some people have made their name within the field of presenting within children's television series, to become television personalities; some presenters may double as an actor, singer, etc. Others may be subject matter experts, such as scientists or politicians, serving as presenters for a programme about their field of expertise; some are celebrities who have made their name in one area leverage their fame to get involved in other areas. Examples of this latter group include British comedian Michael Palin who now presents programmes about travel, American actor Alan Alda, who presented Scientific American Frontiers for over a decade. Another example would be American stand-up comedian Joe Rogan, a commentator and post-fight interviewer in UFC; the term is used in other countries including Ireland and Sri Lanka. In the US, such a person is called a host, such as in the terminology talk show host, or an MC.
In the context of TV news programs, they are known as anchors. News presenter Radio personality Horror host Sports commentator
Law of Desire
Law of Desire or La ley del deseo is a 1987 film written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar. Starring Eusebio Poncela as Pablo, Carmen Maura as Tina and Antonio Banderas as Antonio, it was the first film Almodóvar made independently with his own production company El Deseo. The story focuses on a complex love triangle between a transwoman. Pablo, a successful gay film director, disappointed in his relationship with his young lover, concentrates in a new project, a monologue starring his transsexual sister, Tina. Antonio, an uptight young man, falls possessively in love with the director and in his passion would stop at nothing to obtain the object of his desire; the relationship between Pablo and Antonio is at the core of the film, the story and own drama of Pablo's sister, plays a strong role in the plot. Shot in the part of 1986, Law of Desire was Almodóvar's first work centered in homosexual relationships, he considers Law of Desire the key film in his career. It follows the more serious tone set by Almodóvar's previous film, exploring the unrestrained force of desire.
Its themes are: love, gender, family and the close link between life and art. Law of Desire was met with general positive reactions from film critics, it was a hit with audiences becoming Almodóvar's most successful film up to that point, it toured many international film festival, winning the Teddy Award in Berlin and it made Almodóvar known internationally. Elements from Law of Desire grew into the basis for two films: Carmen Maura appears in a stage production of Cocteau's The Human Voice, which inspired Almodóvar's next film, Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown. Pablo Quintero is a successful gay film and theatrical director whose latest work, The Paradigms of the Mussel, has just been released. At the opening night party, he discusses with his much younger lover, their summer plans. Pablo would stay in Madrid working on a new project, while Juan would leave for his hometown in the south to work in a bar and stay with his family. Pablo is in love with Juan, but he realizes that his love is not returned with the intensity he desires.
Pablo is close to his transsexual sister Tina, a struggling actress. Tina has been abandoned by her lesbian lover, a model, who left her in charge of her ten-year-old daughter Ada. Frustrated in her relationship with men, Tina dedicates her time to Ada, being a loving surrogate mother; the precocious Ada does not miss her cold mother. She is happier spending time with Pablo, on whom she has a childish crush. Tina and Pablo form an unusual family knit. Pablo looks after them both. For his next project, Pablo writes an adaptation of Cocteau's monologue-play The Human Voice, to be performed by his sister. At the play's opening night, Pablo meets Antonio, a young man, obsessed with the director since he watched the gay theme film The Paradigms of the Mussel. At the end of the evening they have sex. For Antonio this is his first homosexual experience. Pablo is still in love with his long-time lover Juan. Antonio takes their encounter as a relationship, he soon reveals his possessive behavior as a lover.
Antonio comes across a love letter addressed to Pablo, signed by Juan, but which in fact was written by Pablo to himself. The letter makes Antonio fall into a jealous rage, but he has to return to his native Andalusia where he lives with his domineering German mother; as he promised, Pablo sends Antonio a letter signed Laura P, the name of a character inspired by his sister in a script he is writing. In his letter, Pablo tells Antonio that he intends to join him. However, jealous and wants to get rid of Juan, gets there first. Antonio wants to possess everything that tries to have sex with Juan; when Juan rebukes his advances, Antonio throws him off a cliff. After killing his rival, Antonio heads for his hometown. Pablo becomes a suspect of the crime because the police have found in Juan's fist a piece of clothing that matches a distinctive shirt owned by Pablo. In fact, Antonio was wearing an exact replica. Pablo drives down to see his dead lover, he realizes that Antonio is responsible for the murder and confronts him about it.
They have Pablo drives off pursued by the police. Blinded by tears, he crashes his car injuring his head, he awakes in a hospital suffering from amnesia. Antonio's mother shows the police the letters her son received signed Laura P; the mysterious Laura P becomes the prime suspect. Antonio returns to Madrid and, in order to get closer to Pablo, still in the hospital, seduces Tina who believes his love to be genuine. To help her brother recovering his memory, Tina tells him about their past. Born as a boy, in her adolescence she began an affair with their father, she ran away with him and had a sex change operation to please him, but he left her for another woman. When her incestuous relationship ended, Tina returned to Madrid, coinciding with the death of their mother, got reunited with Pablo. Tina has been grateful with Pablo. Tina tells him that she has found a lover. Pablo begins to recover, he goes with the police to Tina's apartment. Antonio threatens a bloodbath. Pablo joins him, they make love and Antonio commits suicide.
Eusebio Poncela as Pablo Quinte