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Biceps

The biceps is a large muscle that lies on the front of the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow. Both heads of the muscle arise on the scapula and join to form a single muscle belly, attached to the upper forearm. While the biceps crosses both the shoulder and elbow joints, its main function is at the elbow where it flexes the forearm and supinates the forearm. Both these movements are used when opening a bottle with a corkscrew: first biceps unscrews the cork it pulls the cork out; the biceps is one of three muscles in the anterior compartment of the upper arm, along with the brachialis muscle and the coracobrachialis muscle, with which the biceps shares a nerve supply. The biceps muscle has two heads, the short head and the long head, distinguished according to their origin at the coracoid process and supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula, respectively. From its origin on the glenoid, the long head remains tendinous as it passes through the shoulder joint and through the intertubercular groove of the humerus.

Extending from its origin on the coracoid, the tendon of the short head runs adjacent to the tendon of the coracobrachialis as the conjoint tendon. Unlike the other muscles in the anterior compartment of the arm, the biceps muscle crosses two joints, the shoulder joint and the elbow joint. Both heads of the biceps join in the middle upper arm to form a single muscle mass near the insertion of the deltoid to form a common muscle belly, although several anatomic studies have demonstrated that the muscle bellies remain distinct structures without confluent fibers; as the muscle extends distally, the two heads rotate 90 degrees externally before inserting onto the radial tuberosity. The short head inserts distally on the tuberosity while the long head inserts proximally closer to the apex of the tuberosity; the bicipital aponeurosis called the lacertus fibrosus, is a thick fascial band that organizes close to the musculotendinous junction of the biceps and radiates over and inserts onto the ulnar part of the antebrachial fascia.

The tendon that attaches to the radial tuberosity is or surrounded by a bursa, the bicipitoradial bursa, which ensures frictionless motion between the biceps tendon and the proximal radius during pronation and supination of the forearm. Two muscles lie underneath the biceps brachii; these are the coracobrachialis muscle, which like the biceps attaches to the coracoid process of the scapula, the brachialis muscle which connects to the ulna and along the mid-shaft of the humerus. Besides those, the brachioradialis muscle is adjacent to the biceps and inserts on the radius bone, though more distally. Traditionally described as a two-headed muscle, biceps brachii is one of the most variable muscles of the human body and has a third head arising from the humerus in 10% of cases —most originating near the insertion of the coracobrachialis and joining the short head—but four and seven supernumerary heads have been reported in rare cases. One study found a higher than expected number of female cadavers with a third head of biceps brachii, equal incidence between sides of the body, uniform innervation by musculocutaneous nerve.

The distal biceps tendons are separated in 40% and bifurcated in 25% of cases. The biceps shares its nerve supply with the other two muscles of the anterior compartment; the muscles are supplied by the musculocutaneous nerve. Fibers of the fifth and seventh cervical nerves make up the components of the musculocutaneous nerve which supply the biceps; the biceps works across three joints. The most important of these functions is to flex the elbow. Besides, the long head of biceps prevents the upward displacement of the head of the humerus. In more detail, the actions are, by joint: Proximal radioulnar joint of the elbow – The biceps brachii function as a powerful supinator of the forearm, i.e. it turns the palm upwards. This action, aided by the supinator muscle, requires the humeroulnar joint of the elbow to be at least flexed. If the humeroulnar joint, is extended, supination is primarily carried out by the supinator muscle; the biceps is a powerful supinator of the forearm due to the distal attachment of the muscle at the radial tuberosity, on the opposite side of the bone from the supinator muscle.

When flexed, the biceps pulls the radius back into its neutral supinated position in concert with the supinator muscle. Humeroulnar joint of the elbow – The biceps brachii functions as an important flexor of the forearm when the forearm is supinated. Functionally, this action is performed when lifting an object, such as a bag of groceries or when performing a biceps curl; when the forearm is in pronation, the brachialis and supinator function to flex the forearm, with minimal contribution from the biceps brachii. It is important to note that regardless of forearm position, the force exerted by the biceps brachii remains the same; that is, the biceps can only exert so much force, as forearm position changes, other muscles must compensate. Glenohumeral joint – Several weaker functions occur at the glenohumeral joint; the biceps brachii weakly assists in forward flexion of the shoulder joint. It may contribute to abduction when the arm is externally rotated; the short head o

Gass House

Gass House known as Gass Family Home, Farm House at Franklin Farms, Union Plantation, is a historic home located at Guilford Township in Franklin County, Pennsylvania. The house was built about 1760, is a 2 1/2-story, five bay, fieldstone dwelling, it has two bay by two bay limestone extension on the north side. It is an example of Scotch-Irish farmhouse architecture. William Gass, a fuller who had immigrated from Ireland, built the house about 1760 and left it to his brother Benjamin. Benjamin's son, Patrick Gass was born in the house. Patrick became a soldier and a carpenter and was an important member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Patrick was in line to inherit the house, but it is unclear whether he lived in it as the owner. In 1808 the house was sold to the county for use as an almshouse, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977

List of earthquakes in 2018

This is a list of earthquakes in 2018. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6 or above are included, unless they result in damage and/or casualties, or are notable for other reasons. All dates are listed according to UTC time. Maximum intensities are indicated on the Mercalli intensity scale and are sourced from United States Geological Survey ShakeMap data. In a busy year with 17 major quakes, Indonesia was hit hard. More than 500 people died in Lombok in August and a major earthquake struck the Palu region in September, with more than 4,000 casualties caused by liquefaction and a tsunami. Other deadly events took place in Papua New Guinea, Haiti and Mexico; the strongest quake with a magnitude of 8.2 occurred at a great depth of 600 km. An increase in detected earthquake numbers does not represent an increase in earthquakes per se. Population increase, habitation spread, advances in earthquake detection technology all contribute to higher earthquake numbers being recorded over time. Listed are earthquakes with at least 10 dead.

Listed are earthquakes with at least 7.0 magnitude. ShakeMap Background – United States Geological Survey

Mourne (barony)

Mourne is a barony in County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies with the Irish Sea to its east, it is bordered by two other baronies: Iveagh Upper, Lower Half and Iveagh Upper, Upper Half to the north and west. Mourne gets its name from the Múrna, a people who hail from a territory of the same name in modern County Monaghan. According to local historian Peadar Livingstone, the Mugdorna are described as being a powerful people in the "archaic" period and may have been rulers of Ulster before the ascendancy of the Ulaid, he suggests that some of their constituent tribes are either pre-Celtic or early Celtic people. Early genealogists would claim that they descend from Mughdhorn Dubh, a son of Colla Menn, however this has been rebuked as a politically-driven construct. Indeed, Mugdorna is listed as being one of the territories conquered from the Ulaid by the Three Collas with Colla Menn taking possession of Mughdorna; the O'Hanratties are stated as having anciently possessed this territory. Francis John Byrne points out that the name Mugdorna,'the slave folk', denotes their low-caste non-Gael origins and that they are the one people of the Airgíalla for whom no specific ethnic background is supplied.

Bairrche is the ancient name of the Mourne territory and the Mourne Mountains had been named Beanne-Boirche. According to the Dinnsenchus they were named after a shepherd called Boirche who herded on the mountains the cattle of Ross, son of Imchadh, a king of Ulaid in the third century; the Dinnsenchus states that his favourite look-out point was the highest peak in the mountain range, hence why the mountains received the name. Alternatively they are named after Bécc Bairrche mac Blathmaic, a king of the Ulaid during the 7th and 8th centuries. According to the Annals of Ulster around 1165 the Uí Echach asked Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, High-King of Ireland, that the kingship of Ulaid be given to Eochaidh Mac Duinn Sleibhe. In return they gave pledges for everyone in Ulaid to Ua Lochlainn as well as many of their treasures. Mac Duinnsleibhe gave the territory of Bairrche to Ua Lochlainn, who gave it to Donnchadh Ó Cearbhaill of Louth, lord of Airgíalla. By the 11th and 12th centuries the Mugdorna had become subordinate to the Ui Chremthainn, ruled by the powerful Ó Cearbhaill.

The last king of Mugdorna, Maolruanaigh Ó Machainen, is recorded in the Annals of Ulster as being slain in 1110. In the latter half of the 12th century, a group of the Mugdorna emigrated from Cremorne to what is now south County Down where they settled in Bairrche to form a new kingdom, it is suggested that Donnchadh Ó Cearbhaill, being King of Airgialla which included the original territory of the Mugdorna, having just received the territory of Bairrche may have transplanted them to the area to reinforce his control over it. They would rename Bairrche and its mountains after them, hence the present-day names of Mourne and the Mourne Mountains. O'Dugan lists O'Machoiden as being rulers in the 12th century of Mourne in County Down; the Annals of Ulster state for Bairrche: 601.1 - An earthquake in Bairrche. 611.1 - The army of the Ulaid was struck by terrible thunder in Bairrche. 674.1 - The killing of Congal Cennfhatar son of Dúnchad, king of Ulaid. Béc of Bairrche killed him. 679.3 - The battle of Fínnechta against Béc of Bairrche.

707.6 - The pilgrim's staff assumed by Béc of Bairrche. 712.7 - The Ulaid were overthrown and Dubthach son of Béc of Bairrche fell therein. 714.7 - A battle between two sons of Béc of Bairrche and Bresal's son, king of Uí Echach, the victors therein were Béc's sons. 718.2 - Béc of Bairrche dies. 730.6 - Oitechde son of Baithectde, Blamac's son, Aengus son of Béc of Bairrche, rested. 753.13 - A whale was cast ashore in Bairrche in the time of Fiachna son of Aed Rón, king of Ulaid. It had three gold teeth in its head, each containing fifty ounces, one of them was placed on the altar of Bennchor this year, that is, in AD 752. 1109.9 - A slaughter was inflicted on the Uí Méith, including their king, i.e. Goll Bairrche, some of the men of Fernmag fell by the Uí Bresail and the Uí Echach. 1165.10 -...and he gave Bairrche to Ua Lochlainn Ua Lochlainn gave it to Ua Cerbaill... Below is a list of settlements in Mourne: Kilkeel Newcastle Annalong Atticall Dunnaval Ballymartin Dromara Below is a list of civil parishes in Mourne: Kilkeel

Victoria Salmon Kings

The Victoria Salmon Kings were a professional ice hockey team based in Victoria, British Columbia, members of the ECHL The team debuted in the 2004–05 season and folded after the 2010–11 season. The Chilliwack Bruins of the major junior Western Hockey League relocated to become the Victoria Royals and the two teams could not operate, they played at the Save-On-Foods Memorial Centre. For most of their history, they were affiliated with the Vancouver Canucks. Despite its long and distinguished hockey history Victoria was the largest Canadian city without either professional or major junior hockey when the major junior Western Hockey League's Victoria Cougars moved to Prince George in 1994; this left the Tier II Junior'A' Victoria Salsa as the highest level of hockey in Victoria. By this time, it had become evident that the 50-year-old Victoria Memorial Arena, seating only 4,000 for hockey, would have to be replaced if Victoria was to attract a new hockey club. After several years of discussion, the construction of a new arena was approved by Victoria voters in a 2002 referendum, with one key condition being that its construction was dependent on Victoria securing a Western Hockey League team.

When the private-sector partner, RG Properties, was unable to secure a WHL club, the company bought the franchise rights to the defunct Baton Rouge Kingfish of the minor professional ECHL and announced that Victoria's new team would be named the Salmon Kings to mixed reactions. The acquisition of the franchise meant that construction of the new arena could begin, but many were troubled by the perception that they would be receiving hockey, inferior to the major junior WHL. In addition, the ECHL was unknown in Canada; the Salmon Kings responded by marketing the league as high quality. As the 2004–05 ECHL season approached, Victoria's new arena, the Save-on-Foods Memorial Centre, was not going to be ready by the start of the season. In response, the ECHL scheduled the Salmon Kings to begin their inaugural season with a 14-game road trip; this was still not enough time for the arena to be completed, the Salmon Kings were forced to secure ice time in the Bear Mountain Arena in the suburban community of Colwood, constructed for the junior'A' Victoria Salsa and the Victoria Shamrocks box lacrosse teams.

Despite the preseason difficulties, the Salmon Kings played their first regular-season game on October 22, 2004, in Bakersfield, against the Bakersfield Condors. Former University of Alberta player Ryan Wade scored the first goal in Salmon Kings history in a 7–2 loss; the Salmon Kings would struggle during their 14-game road trip, winning three games while losing 10 games in regulation time and one in a shootout. Their first victory was against the Fresno Falcons on October 24, which the Salmon Kings won 5–0. David Brumby, the Kings' starting goaltender at the time, turned away 37 shots for the shutout; as the 2004–05 NHL lockout continued, Dale Purinton and Dan Blackburn of the New York Rangers and Mark Smith of the San Jose Sharks played for the Salmon Kings. Purinton, an enforcer, was suspended twice by the league, the first for a career-ending check into the boards of Condors player Krzysztof Wieckowski and the second for returning to the ice to fight after being ejected during a bench-clearing brawl involving the Kings and the Falcons.

After the latter suspension, Purinton was suspended indefinitely by the Salmon Kings and did not play again that season. The Salmon Kings played their first home game on December 5, 2004, at Bear Mountain Arena, losing 4–3 in overtime, they finished the regular season with a 15–52–5 record, setting an ECHL record for a continuous winless streak by going 0–18–2 between December 31, 2004 and February 4, 2005. After another losing season in 2005–06, during which the team had four different coaches behind the bench, the Salmon Kings became the ECHL affiliate of the nearby Vancouver Canucks; the Salmon Kings had their first winning season in the 2006–07 season. Under head coach, Mark Morrison, the Salmon Kings would finish with a nine-game winning streak for an overall record of 36–32–1–3, good enough for seventh place in the National Conference, they faced the Alaska Aces in their first playoff appearance, winning the opening game by a score of 3–2, but losing the series by four-games-to-two. The 2007–08 season was the Salmon Kings' best regular season in the ECHL with a 91-point season and winning 42 of 72 games.

The Salmon Kings took the number two seed into the Kelly Cup playoffs. In the playoffs, the Salmon Kings won their first-ever playoff round by eliminating the Bakersfield Condors in six games. In the second round, the Salmon Kings were eliminated by the Utah Grizzlies in five games; the 2008–09 season started with head coach Mark Morrison adding the general manager's title to his position with the organization. Morrison promoted Jeff Harris to the team's assistant general manager and hired the newly retired Ryan Wade as the team's assistant coach; the team continued their strong play from the previous season and had a 15-game winning streak between December 8, 2008 and January 10, 2009 second all-time in ECHL history, had the team in first place within the division. However, the team went 12–19–0–4 afterwards and dropped to third place, which ensured a Kelly Cup playoff first round match-up again the Idaho Steelheads. In the playoffs, the Salmon Kings swept the series and eliminated the Steelheads in round one in four straight games.

In the second round, the Salmon Kings were eliminated from the playoffs by the Alaska Aces in five games. Their lone win was a 4–0 sh

Paras Healthcare

Paras Healthcare Pvt. Ltd. is a chain of hospitals providing specialized tertiary medical care. The first Paras Hospital was opened in Gurgaon in 2006. Over the years, the healthcare organization has set up its specialty centers in Chandigarh, Panchkula and Patna with total 730 beds. Paras Hospital, Gurgaon is one of the hospitals to be accredited with National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers.. The healthcare organization was founded by Dr. Dharminder Nagar; the regime is broadly categorized into Paras Hospitals and Paras Bliss both dealing in respective specialized medical facilities. Paras Healthcare announced the appointment of Puneet Srivastava as its Vice President effective June 3, 2019. Paras Hospitals in Gurgaon and Darbhanga provide multispecialty tertiary care and Paras Bliss in Panchkula and New Delhi provide specialized mother and child care; the organization is set to expand the number of health care units in the country. With new centers to be announced in Uttar Pradesh.

The key specialties that are focused in all units are - cancer care, neurosurgery, orthopedics & joint replacement, nephrology, kidney transplant, cardiac sciences, gastroenterology & GI surgery, general & lap surgery along with plastic surgery. Each unit has at least 30 specialties and super specialties. In May 2019, Managing Director Dr. Dharminder Nagar inaugurated a Free Cancer Care Center in Patna. Paras HMRI Hospital, Patna achieves an AO Fellowship accreditation by Switzerland-based Association for the Study of Internal Fixation