click links in text for more info

Big Day Out

The Big Day Out was an annual music festival, held in five Australian cities: Sydney, Gold Coast and Perth, as well as Auckland, New Zealand. The festival was held during summer in January of each year but was sometimes held as late as early February in some cities including Perth; the event was conceptualised. Promoters Ken West and Vivian Lees sought another act as middle-level support for the band's tour, they succeeded in securing Nirvana to play the Sydney leg at Horden Pavilion. The Big Day Out debuted on the 1992 Australia Day public holiday in Sydney and expanded to Melbourne and Perth the following year; the Gold Coast and Auckland were added to the schedule in 1994. As of 2003, it featured seven or eight stages, accommodating popular contemporary rock music, electronic music, mainstream international acts and local acts. Auckland was taken out of the tour schedule in 2013, but the festival returned to the city for its last run in 2014. After the partnership between Ken West and Vivian Lees was dissolved in 2011, Lees sold his stake in the event to Australian DJ and music promoter AJ Maddah, the co-promoter with American festival promoter C3 Presents from 2013 to 2014.

In early June 2014, C3 attained full ownership of the Big Day Out festival and announced the cancellation of the 2015 event on 26 June 2014 with the option for the festival to return in the future left open. Despite this, the event has yet to return in subsequent years and as of 2020 there are no plans for any event to be held in future. Annual music festivals had been gaining momentum for some time, the United States had launched Lollapalooza in Chicago, Illinois in 1991. Australia had seen various music festivals but nothing annual. Big Day Out was founded by Ken West and Vivian Lees–the festival began in 1992 as a Sydney-only show, with the headline act, Violent Femmes, playing alongside Nirvana, a range of other foreign and local alternative music acts, at the Hordern Pavilion. In 1993 the scope of the festival was extended to include Melbourne and Adelaide. West revealed in an interview that he was looking to create "urban mayhem" and "controlled chaos". In 1994 the Big Day Out was extended further to include Auckland, New Zealand and the Gold Coast, was held over a three-week period.

The geographical locations of the 1994 festival occurred on an annual basis until 1997, when organisers West and Lees announced a year-long hiatus, causing concern that the festival was nearing the end of its existence. Following the start of the 21st century, the festival was involved in two major controversies. Firstly, 16-year-old Jessica Michalik was killed after she was crushed at a 2001 Sydney show during a performance by the band Limp Bizkit. Michalik's death temporarily placed the future of the BDO festival in jeopardy, but the event continued after the Sydney Coroner's Court criticised the crowd control measures at the site and inflammatory comments made by Limp Bizkit's Fred Durst after the crush occurred; the festival celebrated its 100th performance in 2010. In the period leading up to the 100-show milestone, which occurred at the second of two Sydney dates in 2010, Lees claimed in an Australian article that the BDO's ability to build relationships with acts during their careers had become an important part of the BDO culture.

In the same Australian article, journalist Iain Shedden described the BDO as one of the "most successful and long-running rock festivals in the world", aligning the festival with the established Australian horse-racing event, the Melbourne Cup. Lees explained the growth and increased complexity of the festival in the 2010 Australian article, stating that, while a crew of 70 people crossed Australia in 1993 for the inaugural event, the 2010 festival consisted of 700 people. Lees highlighted the increased needs of Australian bands in his explanation: It does get easier but it's getting bigger and that makes it more complicated... You're more confident about what you're doing and having some gravitas, but at the same time, because we're having more and more expectations put on us by everyone, the complexities are increasing. Aussie bands that used to take five or six people on the road are now taking 11; that seems to be the magic number for a new starting-off band. What they are doing is working to put on the best show they can.

Through that the festival needs more riders, more hotel rooms, more everything. Due to the increasing popularity of the event, a second Sydney show was held; the extreme popularity of Metallica in 2004 led to this addition, followed by another second-show addition in Sydney for the 2010 event, when Muse was the headline act. A second Sydney date returned in 2011, in response to the co-headline acts and Rammstein. In November 2011, the business partnership between Lees and West was dissolved, the latter next partnered with Austin, United States -based company C3 Presents, which runs the Lollapalooza festival in the US. C3 purchased a 51 per cent stake in the company following a split, caused by "internal and external" pressures, whereby Lees severed all connections with the business. Prior to November 2011, Creative Festival Entertainment was the production company of the BDO festival. On 17 January 2012, West announced that the Auckland BDO event, held on 20 January 2012, would be the last Big Day Out in New Zealand, explaining that the festival would only be held in Australia in 2013.

However, in April 2013, the promoters said that they were seeking to reschedule an Auckland event in 2014. The 2012 festival was beset by difficulties and was d

Karl Mantzius

Karl Mantzius was a Danish actor and film director, theatre scholar, operatic baritone. Mantzius was born in the son of the actor Kristian Mantzius. At first he played small roles in amateur comedy plays at the Court Theatre in Copenhagen, including'Vielgeschrey' in Den Stundesløse by Ludvig Holberg, which brought him so much success that the theatre manager Edvard Fallesen advised him to become an actor, he made his debut at the Royal Danish Theatre on 1 September 1883 as Jerome in Erasmus Montanus and became a regular presence at the theatre as both an actor and director. His roles included Dr. Stern in En mand gik ned fra Jerusalem, Lieutenant von Buddinge in Jens Christian Hostrup's Gjenboerne and Falstaff in Henry IV. Although a stage actor, he appeared in two operas at the Royal Danish Theatre—as Beckmesser in Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg and as Jeronimus in the 1906 world premiere of Carl Nielsen's Maskarade, his last performance at the Royal Theatre was as Uncle Peter in Det gamle Hjem on 28 April 1921, less than a month before his death in Frederiksberg at the age of 61.

Like his father, he was buried at the Frederiksberg Ældre Kirkegård. In 1904, Mantzius founded the Danish Actors' Association. Mantzius became a director at Nordisk Film in 1914 and directed three films for the company: Penge Pavillonens hemmelighed Addys ægteskab He appeared as an actor in the 1919 Swedish film Hans nåds testamente in the role of His Lordship. Works by or about Karl Mantzius at Internet Archive Karl Mantzius on IMDb

Major thirds tuning

Among alternative tunings for guitar, a major-thirds tuning is a regular tuning in which each interval between successive open strings is a major third. Other names for major-thirds tuning include major-third tuning, M3 tuning, all-thirds tuning, augmented tuning. By definition, a major-third interval separates two notes that differ by four semitones; the Spanish guitar's tuning mixes four perfect fourths and one major-third, the latter occurring between the G and B strings: E-A-D-G-B-E. This tuning, used for acoustic and electric guitars, is called "standard" in English, a convention, followed in this article. While standard tuning is irregular, mixing four fourths and one major third, M3 tunings are regular: Only major-third intervals occur between the successive strings of the M3 tunings, for example, the open augmented C tuning G♯-C-E-G♯-C-E. For each M3 tuning, the open strings form an augmented triad in two octaves. For guitars with six strings, every major-third tuning repeats its three open-notes in two octaves, so providing many options for fingering chords.

By repeating open-string notes and by having uniform intervals between strings, major-thirds tuning simplifies learning by beginners. These features facilitate advanced guitarists' improvisation the aim of jazz guitarist Ralph Patt when he began popularizing major-thirds tuning between 1963 and 1964. In standard tuning, the successive open-strings mix two types of intervals, four perfect-fourths and the major third between the G and B strings: E-A-D-G-B-E. Only major thirds occur as open-string intervals for major-thirds tuning, called "major-third tuning", "all-thirds tuning", "M3 tuning". A popular M3 tuning has the open strings G♯-C-E-G♯-C-E,in which the low G♯ is a major third above the low E of standard tuning. A seventh string for the low E is added to restore the standard E-E range. While M3 tuning can use standard sets of guitar strings, specialized string gauges have been recommended. Besides this M3 tuning, which has the open notes, there are three other M3 tunings, which have distinct sets of open-note pitch classes.

The other major-thirds tunings have the open notes, and. For six-string guitars, the M3 tuning F♯-A♯-D-F♯-A♯-Dloses the two lowest semitones on the low-E string and the two highest semitones from the high-E string in standard tuning. Major-thirds tunings require less hand-stretching than other tunings, because each M3 tuning packs the octave's twelve notes into four consecutive frets; the major-third intervals allow major chords and minor chords to be played with two–three consecutive fingers on two consecutive frets. Every major-thirds tuning is regular and repetitive, two properties that facilitate learning by beginners and improvisation by advanced guitarists. In major-thirds tuning, the chromatic scale is arranged on three consecutive strings in four consecutive frets; this four-fret arrangement facilitates the left-hand technique for classical guitar: For each hand position of four frets, the hand is stationary and the fingers move, each finger being responsible for one fret. Three hand-positions partition the fingerboard of classical guitar, which has 12 frets.

Only two or three frets are needed for the guitar chords—major and dominant sevenths—which are emphasized in introductions to guitar-playing and to the fundamentals of music. Each major and minor chord can be played on two successive frets on three successive strings, therefore each needs only two fingers. Other chords—seconds, fourths and ninths—are played on only three successive frets. For fundamental-chord fingerings, major-thirds tuning's simplicity and consistency are not shared by standard tuning, whose seventh-chord fingering is discussed at the end of this section; each major-thirds tuning repeats its open-notes after every two strings, which results in two copies of the three open-strings' notes, each in a different octave. This repetition again simplifies the learning of chords and improvisation; this advantage is not shared by all-fourths and all-fifths tuning. Chord inversion is simple in major-thirds tuning. Chords are inverted by raising one or two notes three strings; the raised notes are played with the same finger as the original notes.

Thus and minor chords are played on two frets in M3 tuning when they are inverted. In contrast, inversions of chords in standard tuning require three fingers on a span of four frets, in standard tuning, the shape of inversions depends on the involvement of the irregular major-third. In each regular tuning, the musical intervals are the same for each pair of consecutive strings. Other regular tunings include all-fourths, augmented-fourths, all-fifths tunings. For each regular tuning, chord patterns may be moved around the fretboard, a property that simplifies beginners' learning of chords and advanced players' improvisation. In contrast, chords cannot be shifted around the fretboard in standard tuning, which requires four chord-shapes for the major chords: There are separate fingerings for chords having root notes on one of the four strings three–six; the repetition of the major-thirds tuning enables notes and chords to be raised one octave by being vertically shifted by three strings. Notes and chords may be shifted diagonally in major-thirds tuning, by combining a vertical shift of one string with a horizontal shift of four frets: "Like all regular tunings, chords in the major third tuning can be moved across the fretboard (ascending or descending a major third for ea

Wolfgang Lettl

Wolfgang Lettl was a surrealist painter, born and who died in Augsburg, Germany. In 1939, at the age of 20, Wolfgang joined the German Army and served as a communications officer in occupied Paris from 1940 to 1943, during which time he worked on his watercolours and first became exposed to surrealism. In the war, he became a reconnaissance airman in Norway, where he was captured at the end of the war and held for four months, he returned to Augsburg in 1945, worked there as a freelance painter from 1945 to 1948. In 1949, the currency reform forced him to turn to construction work to make ends meet, he continued working on his landscapes and surrealist art while working construction jobs and odd jobs. From 1954 onwards, he was able to concentrate on his art, he married Franziska Link in 1949. Success with his freelance art led him to develop his surrealism, in 1963 he participated in the Grosse Kunstausstellung München, becoming a member of the Neue Münchener Künstlergenossenschaft. One-man shows in Germany and abroad followed.

In addition to his surrealist work, the landscapes around Manfredonia, his second home in Apulia, inspired him to sometimes paint in an impressionistic style. In 1992, on the occasion of a retrospective exhibition at the Toskan Hall of Columns, he offered his paintings to the city of Augsburg on permanent loan. After the opening of the "Lettl Atrium - Museum for Surreal Art" in Augsburg in 1993, Lettl has concentrated on experiments in other media, as well as continuing with his painting. A major retrospective exhibition was held in Augsburg in 2000. Official Lettl Website Lettl at Google Art Project

Northumberland Senior Cup (rugby union)

The Northumberland Senior Cup is an annual rugby union competition held between the clubs of the Northumberland RFU, first played in 1882. It is the senior county cup for the Northumberland Rugby Union, which includes Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside, Northumberland; the current holders are Morpeth. Most finals were held at the Northumberland County Ground from 1932 up until 1988; the Senior Cup is the premier county cup competition for club sides affiliated to the Northumberland Rugby Football Union based at level 5 and level 6 of the English rugby union system, although the 2nd XV of Tynedale and the two university's in Newcastle have taken part in the competition. The format is as a knock-out cup with a quarter-final, semi-final and final, to be played at a neutral ground in April on Easter Saturday. With the advent of professionalism, the gap between some clubs became too great in the county. In 2002 the Northumberland Senior Plate was inaugurated as a competition for clubs outside of the top 8 Northumberland clubs every season.

Northumberland RFU English rugby union system Rugby union in England "Senior Cup". 27 August 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2011

Anders Bagge

Sven Anders Bagge is a Swedish composer, lyricist and record producer and partner with Peer Åström. The two songwriters / producers are known as Peer. Bagge is one of three jury members for Idol 2008, Idol 2009, Idol 2010, Idol 2011, Idol 2013 and judge in Made in Sweden. Anders Bagge, or Bag as he is known is co-founder and co-owner with partner Christian Wahlberg of the Stockholm-based Murlyn Music Group AB, the international music production company they established in 1998. Anders Bagge's father Sven Olof Bagge was a producer from the 1950s to the 1980s. By age of five, Anders was not only accompanying him to the studio, but following lessons as a trumpet and piano player. At 17 years of age, he started producing. By his early twenties, he started discovering artists, he worked for some time with Cheiron before deciding to work independently. Bagge was in the early 1990s member of the group Legacy of Sound, his big break came with him writing the huge hit of 1998, "Because of You" by 98 Degrees, which went platinum in the United States.

Bagge desired to work with Janet Jackson, stating "She's the one I would give anything to work with. The ultimate female artist," adding, "let's just say we will be prepared if and when that happens."He has written and produced songs for Westlife, Janet Jackson, Celine Dion, Santana, Jennifer Lopez, Nick Lachey, Jessica Simpson, Samantha Mumba, Lara Fabian, Enrique Iglesias, Ace of Base and Ashley Tisdale. Bagge was awarded Best Pop Song at the BMI London Awards for producing Janet Jackson's "All Nite." Bagge with Laila Bagge Wahlgren and Andreas Carlsson was jury in Idol 2008, Idol 2009 and Idol 2010 in Sweden. In 2009 and 2010 he was with the program Made in Sweden, where Bagge and Laila Wahlgren would search to find recording artists. IN 2009, the program featured Janet Leon. In 2010, it was for recording a single by the Swedish girl pop group Play. Anders Bagge has produced Safura Alizadeh in her song "Drip Drop" representing Azerbaijan's entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010. Bagge co-wrote Azerbaijan's entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012, "When the Music Dies", performed by Sabina Babayeva.

Anders Bagge's father, Sven-Olof Bagge, worked at the Metronome. Anders Bagge was once married to Laila Bagge Wahlgren. In August 2018, Bagge married Johanna Lind. Bagge was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in 2013. Interview, HitQuarters Sep 2001 Court sentese for Anders Bagges financier