Bill Atkinson is an American computer engineer and photographer. Atkinson worked at Apple Computer from 1978 to 1990. Atkinson was the principal designer and developer of the graphical user interface of the Apple Lisa and one of the first thirty members of the original Apple Macintosh development team, was the creator of the ground-breaking MacPaint application, which fulfilled the vision of using the computer as a creative tool, he designed and implemented QuickDraw, the fundamental toolbox that the Lisa and Macintosh used for graphics. QuickDraw's performance was essential for the success of the Macintosh GUI, he was one of the main designers of the Lisa and Macintosh user interfaces. Atkinson conceived and implemented HyperCard, the first popular hypermedia system. HyperCard put the power of computer programming and database design into the hands of nonprogrammers. In 1994, Atkinson received the EFF Pioneer Award for his contributions, he received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, San Diego, where Apple Macintosh developer Jef Raskin was one of his professors.
Atkinson continued his studies as a graduate student in neurochemistry at the University of Washington. Raskin invited Atkinson to visit him at Apple Computer. 51, Atkinson never finished his PhD. Around 1990, General Magic's founding, with Bill Atkinson as one of the three cofounders, met the following press in Byte magazine: The obstacles to General Magic's success may appear daunting, but General Magic is not your typical start-up company, its partners include some of the biggest players in the worlds of computing and consumer electronics, it's loaded with top-notch engineers who have been given a clean slate to reinvent traditional approaches to ubiquitous worldwide communications. In 2007, Atkinson began working as an outside developer with Numenta, a startup working on computer intelligence. On his work there Atkinson said, "what Numenta is doing is more fundamentally important to society than the personal computer and the rise of the Internet."Currently, Atkinson has combined his passion for computer programming with his love of nature photography to create art images.
He takes close-up photographs of stones that have been polished. His works are regarded for their resemblance to miniature landscapes which are hidden within the stones. Atkinson's 2004 book Within the Stone features a collection of his close-up photographs; the intricate and detailed images he creates are made possible by the accuracy and creative control of the digital printing process that he helped create. Some of Atkinson's noteworthy contributions to the field of computing include: Macintosh QuickDraw and Lisa LisaGraf Atkinson independently discovered the midpoint circle algorithm for fast drawing of circles by using the sum of consecutive odd numbers. Marching ants The double-click Menu bar The selection lasso FatBits MacPaint HyperCard Atkinson dithering Bill Atkinson PhotoCardAtkinson now works as a nature photographer. Actor Nelson Franklin portrayed him in the 2013 film Jobs. Official website
Newspaper Boy is a Malayalam–language Indian drama film released in 1955. It is the first neo realistic movie in the language; the film narrates the life of the common man on the street. The film is noteworthy in that the entire production programme from script-writing to direction was controlled and executed by students; the group of students were from the school Adarsh Kalamandir and the film was written and directed by P. Ramdas; the screenplay was based on a short story written by Ramadas himself. Though the film had a shoestring budget of ₹175,000, featured amateur actors, was made by an inexperienced crew, Newspaper Boy was a critical success. Influenced by Italian neorealism, the film is remembered for being the world's first commercial film made by students. Set in Kerala of the 1950s, Newspaper Boy focuses on the lives of Appu, the young protagonist of the film, the members of his impoverished family. Appu's father Sankaran Nair earns a meagre living as a worker in a printing press, he is exploited in his work – he cannot muster the courage to ask his employer for overdue wages.
Nair's wife, Kalyani Amma, takes care of their three children, Leela and Balan. Kalyani Amma helps her husband by taking up the job of a housemaid in rich Madhava Menon's house, she is treated like a slave by Menon's wife Lakshmi Amma. Extreme poverty forces Leela to stop her education; however Nair manages to provide education to his only hope. Adding oil to the fire, one day, Nair injures his hand during his work in the press, he could not go to work for two-three weeks. The employer fires Nair from the job during this period, he offers Nair the payment for those days, but Nair refuses it, although his family is in dire need of money. Nair tries to find another job but in vain, he cannot pay the house-rent. House owner Kesavan Pillai asks Nair either to leave the house. Soon Nair dies of extreme illness. After his demise, the family sinks deeper into poverty; the whole family is now on Appu's shoulders. Appu finds no way to save his family from this situation. Kittummavan, a kind-hearted neighbour, is his only help.
Kittummavan asks his son Raghavan to find him a job. Appu leaves to Madras. Menon's wife Kamalamma behaves brutally to Appu worse than Lakshmi Amma behaved to his mother, he had to leave the job soon. Appu wants to return to his home, he wanders in the street searching for a job to arrange money for his return. He befriends with Pappan, both of them take small jobs to earn money for Appu's return. Meanwhile, Kalyani Amma, suffering from tuberculosis, is thrown out of the house by Kesavan Pillai. Leela and Balan begs for help from Madhavan Nair, he asks them not to come again. Raghavan arranges money for his return. Kalyani Amma dies of illness; the film ends with Appu taking up the job of a newspaper boy to look after his sister. Master Moni as Appu Master Narendran as Balan Master Venkiteswaran as Pappan Master Mohan as Gopi, Madhava Menon's son Baby Usha as Indira, Madhava Menon's daughter Kumari Madhuri as Leela Nagavally R. S. Kurup as Sankaran Nair Veeran as Kesavan Nair Kuriyathi as Kittummavan G. R. Nair as Madhava Menon P. Gangadharan Nair as Raghavan T. R. Omana K. Madhavan as Sreedhara Menon Neyyattinkara Komalam as Kalyani Amma Adoor Pankajam as Lakshmi Amma Omana Madhavan as Kamalamma Chandni as Pankajam, Kittummavan's daughter Miss Kumari Snehalatha Venkiteswaran P. Ramdas once read in Filmfare magazine that Raj Kapoor was India's youngest film director.
Ramdas, 18 dreamed of making a film and told his friends that he would soon take this honour. One of his friends, S. Parameswaran, who studied with him at University College in Thiruvananthapuram, was passionate about movies; the idea to make the film was born out of Ramadas's and Parameswaran's desire to make a movie "of the beaten track." They were inspired by the themes of Italian neorealism, which had created waves in the Malayalam literary circles. The two young minds wanted to bring this new wave to cinema too. Ramadas was sure; the story was first published in Mahatma Malayala Masika, the world's first magazine run by students. It was included in the book Thalirukal, published by Mahatma Publishing House. Movies of V. Shantaram inspired Ramadas and Parameswaran to make such a "different" movie; as they had little knowledge about the technical aspects of cinema, they became regular visitors to the erstwhile American Information Library in Thrivananthapuram and read as much books available on cinema.
Ramadas travelled to Madras, the centre of South Indian filmmaking, collected an 8 mm Kodak Baby Browny Movie Camera using which he filmed two short films and Life for Film, which all helped him to gain some knowledge in professional movie-making. Ramadas wrote a "film treatment", by making certain changes in his short story, developed it into a complete script by 1953 September–October; the story is retold from the perspective of a twelve-year-old boy in the screenplay. The story's central character is Lonappan, renamed as Sankaran Nair in the screenplay. Nair's son Appu is the central character of the film while this character has little importance in the story. Ramadas approached popu
Liverpool Street station known as London Liverpool Street, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in the north-eastern corner of the City of London, in the ward of Bishopsgate. It is one of the busiest railway stations in London, serving as the terminus of the West Anglia Main Line to Cambridge, the busier Great Eastern Main Line to Norwich and regional commuter trains serving east London and destinations in the East of England, the Stansted Express service to Stansted Airport; the station opened in 1874 as a replacement for Bishopsgate station as the Great Eastern Railway's main London terminus. By 1895 it had the largest number of platforms on any terminal railway station in London. During the First World War, an air raid on the station in 1917 led to 162 deaths. In the build-up to the Second World War, the station served as the entry point for thousands of child refugees arriving in London as part of the Kindertransport rescue mission; the station was damaged by the 1993 Bishopsgate bombing, during the 7 July 2005 bombing seven passengers were killed when a bomb exploded aboard an Underground train just after it had departed from Liverpool Street.
Liverpool Street was built as a dual-level station with provision for the Underground. A tube station opened in 1875 for the Metropolitan Railway, the station today is served by the Central, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines, is in fare zone 1. Liverpool Street is the third-busiest railway station in the United Kingdom after Waterloo and Victoria, both in London, it served over 63.6 million passenger entries and exits in 2014–15 and is a popular destination for commuters. It is managed directly by Network Rail. Trains depart from Liverpool Street main-line station for destinations across the east of England, including Norwich, Ipswich, Clacton-on-Sea, Chelmsford, Southend Victoria, Harlow Town, Hertford East, many suburban stations in north and east London and Hertfordshire. A few daily express trains to Harwich International provide a connection with the Dutchflyer ferry to Hook of Holland. Stansted Express trains provide a link to Stansted Airport and Southend Victoria-bound services stop at Southend Airport.
Most passenger services on the Great Eastern Main Line are operated by Greater Anglia. Since 2015, the Shenfield "metro" service has been controlled by TfL Rail and the Lea Valley Lines to Enfield Town and Chingford are operated by London Overground. A small number of late-evening and weekend services operated by c2c run via Barking; the station is split into two-halves: the "west" side for the Lea Valley Lines services and the "east" side for services via Stratford. The typical off-peak weekday service pattern from Liverpool Street is: Liverpool Street station was built as the new London terminus of the Great Eastern Railway which served Norwich and King's Lynn; the GER had been formed from the merger of several railway companies, inheriting Bishopsgate as its London terminus. Bishopsgate was inadequate for the company's passenger traffic; the GER planned a more central station. In 1865, plans included a circa 1-mile long line branching from the main line east of the company's existing terminus in Shoreditch, a new station at Liverpool Street as the main terminus, with Bishopsgate station to be used for freight traffic.
The station at Liverpool Street was to be built for the use of the GER and of the East London Railway on two levels, with the underground East London line around 37 ft below this, the GER tracks supported on brick arches. The station was planned to be around 630 by 200 ft in area, with its main façade onto Liverpool Street and an additional entrance on Bishopsgate-Street; the main train shed was to be a two-span wood construction with a central void providing light and ventilation to the lower station, the station buildings were to be in an Italianate style to the designs of the GER's architect. The line and station construction were authorised by the Great Eastern Railway Act 1864; the station was built on a 10 acres site occupied by the Bethlem Royal Hospital, adjacent to Broad Street station, west of Bishopsgate and facing onto Liverpool Street to the south. The development land was compulsorily purchased, displacing around 3,000 residents of the parish of St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate.
Around 7,000 people living in tenements around Shoreditch were evicted to complete the line towards Liverpool Street, while the City of London Theatre and City of London Gasworks were both demolished. To manage the disruption caused by rehousing, the company was required by the 1864 Act to run daily low-cost workmen's trains from the station; the station was built by Lucas Brothers. The overall design was Gothic, built using stock bricks and bath stone dressings; the building incorporated booking offices as well as the company offices of the GER, including chairman's, committee and engineers' rooms. The roof was spanned by four wrought iron spans, two central spans of 109 ft and outer spans of 46 and 44 ft, 730 ft in length over the eastern main lines, 450 ft long over the local platforms.
Final results for the water polo tournament at the 1948 Summer Olympics played at Finchley Lido. In the first round each team in a group played each other team in the same group; the placings were determined on points. If the points were equal the better goal average decided; the first two teams of each group were qualified for the second round, while the third placed team was eliminated. Group A Group B Group C Group D Group E Group F In the second round each team in a group played each other team in the same group unless they had met in a previous round. In this case the previous result was carried forward to this group. So in each group only three matches had to be played; the placings were determined on points. If the points were equal the better goal average decided; the first two teams of each group were qualified for the semi-finals, while the third placed team was eliminated. The results which are carried forward from the first round are shown in italics. Group G Group H Group I Group J As in the second round each team in a group played each other team in the same group unless they had met in a previous round.
In this case the previous result was carried forward to this group. So in each group only three matches had to be played; the placings were determined on points. If the points were equal the better goal average decided; the first two teams of each group were qualified for the final round, while the third and fourth placed team were eliminated and took part in a consolation tournament. The results which are carried forward from the previous rounds are shown in italics. Group K Group L As in all other rounds each team in the final played each other team unless they had met in a previous round. In this case the previous result was carried forward to the final. So in the final only four matches had to be played; the placings were determined on points. If the points were equal the better goal average decided; the results which are carried forward from the previous rounds are shown in italics. Final Group Group for fifth to eighth places - consolation tournament Each country was allowed to enter a team of 11 players and they all were eligible for participation.
A total of 155 water polo players from 18 nations competed at the London Games: Argentina Australia Belgium Chile Egypt France Great Britain Greece Hungary India Italy Netherlands Spain Switzerland Sweden United States Uruguay Yugoslavia NOTE: There are only players counted, which participated in one game at least. Not all reserve players are known
Believe is an American fantasy drama television series that broadcast as part of the 2013–14 United States network television schedule on NBC as a mid-season entry. 13 episodes were to be aired, but only 12 were aired in the U. S; the series was created by Academy Award winner Alfonso Markus Friedman. The series began on March 10, 2014, was canceled on May 9, 2014; the final episode aired on June 15, 2014. Bo is a young girl, born with special supernatural abilities that she could not control; as these powers started evolving, the people who were protecting her were forced to turn to an outsider for help. This led them to William Tate, a wrongfully convicted death-row inmate, whom they break out of prison. Although he is reluctant to take on the role as her protector, the two form a bond that guide them to helping each other, as well as others, while staying one step ahead of the evil forces that want the girl. Jake McLaughlin as William Tate, Jr. – Originally a death row inmate in a national security prison, Tate is weathered and jaded from seven years of imprisonment and the painful loss of his soul mate Nina Adams.
Tate has leading to a long history of violence and brushes with the law. Minutes before his execution for two counts of felony murder, Winter visits him and offers a chance at freedom if he agrees to protect Bo. Tate reluctantly agrees to accept Winter's assistance, his employment offer as Bo's protector, he is unaware that he is Bo's father, but Winter is encouraged by Bo to tell him – while the news sounds unbelievable, he senses he somehow knew all along. Afterwards, he becomes a more supportive parent figure. Johnny Sequoyah as Bo Adams – An extraordinarily gifted girl with the power to change the world, she was one of Winter's most promising subjects and raised at Orchestra and displaying extraordinary psychic and telekinetic powers inherited from her mother, Nina. To the government, Bo's existence is classified government property and is a national defense priority. Bo herself is regarded as a federal asset and ward of the U. S. government, with no family. Winter is the only person Bo knows she can trust, she considers his team the closest thing to a family she has, but she develops a bond with Tate after he risks his life and freedom for her.
She was unaware that Tate is her father, although correctly guesses, accepts, the truth. Jamie Chung as Janice Channing – Winter's second in command and an Orchestra fugitive. Dedicated and strong-willed, Channing is devoted to protecting Bo, she clashes with Tate doubting his loyalty and feels the arrangement for him to act as Bo's protector is never going to work – Channing sees herself as a mother figure to Bo, believes she would be better at protecting the child, although accepts Tate as a worthy parent figure. According to her background, she is a combat-trained fighter, Orchestra's head of security – she worked at the Orchestra Campus for Skouras for several years, hired to keep Bo captive, she deployed as an operative to recover Bo, although she instead turned Channing against Skouras after she had healed the injuries Channing sustained trying to capture her. Kyle MacLachlan as Dr. Roman Skouras – A world-famous geneticist and head of Orchestra - a government sanctioned program and top secret classified operation designed to weaponize individuals with psychic abilities, funding it through his corporation Skouras Worldwide.
Skouras is Winter's old partner, now mortal enemy. He is admired by many people for his work, is a publicly awarded humanitarian, although others know he only cares about his own ideas and doing anything to achieve them. Skouras is a powerful man working in cooperation with high-level elements of the U. S. government to recover Bo unharmed. He subsequently employs assassins, hires mercenaries and uses every resource at his command to recover the gifted prodigy and return her home to Orchestra, he claims he is only acting to protect Bo and offer proper guidance as a gifted telekinetic and psychic, but in truth he wants to market Bo's abilities as a weapon to the military. His nefarious schemes cost him his partnership with Winter who, with his team, broke ranks and fled with Bo, as Skouras's goals would endanger her. Skouras's erratic behavior and questionable experimentation methods leads his other researchers to doubt his intentions, but to improvements in his other telepathic subjects, which he uses to further his objectives for Bo.
According to his background, his parents are named Evelyn and Ronald, he was born in Oak Park, Illinois on December 1, 1954. According to Winter, Skouras's darkest secret is he has established another program, a top secret black ops plan for other telepaths. Delroy Lindo as Dr. Milton Winter – A cunning and brilliant scientist and the leader of a shadow organization responsible for protecting individuals with rare and incredible powers, he is Skouras's old partner, now mortal enemy. He is dedicated to protecting Bo from Skouras and the army of henchmen he employs. Winter and his team used to work at Project Orchestra beside Skouras, Winter raised Bo in the facility from infa
The Sannyasi rebellion or Sannyasi Revolt were the activities of sannyasis and fakirs in Bengal against the East India Company rule in the late 18th century. It is known as the Sannyasi rebellion which took place around Murshidabad and Baikunthupur forests of Jalpaiguri. Historians have not only debated what events constitute the rebellion, but have varied on the significance of the rebellion in Indian history. While some refer to it as an early war for India's independence from foreign rule, since the right to collect tax had been given to the British East India Company after the Battle of Buxar in 1764, others categorize it as acts of violent banditry following the depopulation of the province in the Bengal famine of 1770. At least three separate events are called the Sannyasi Rebellion. One refers to a large body of Hindu sannyasis who travelled from North India to different parts of Bengal to visit shrines. En route to the shrines, it was customary for many of these ascetics to exact a religious tax from the headmen and zamindars or regional landlords.
In times of prosperity, the headmen and zamindars obliged. However, since the East India Company had received the Diwani or right to collect the tax, many of the tax demands increased and the local landlords and headmen were unable to pay both the ascetics and the English. Crop failures, famine, which killed ten million people or an estimated one-third of the population of Bengal compounded the problems since much of the arable land lay fallow. Majnun Shah, the leader of a large group of fakirs who were traveling through Bengal, claimed in 1772 that 150 of them had been killed without cause in the previous year; such repression was one of the reasons that caused distress leading to violence in Natore in Rangpur, now in modern Bangladesh. However, some modern historians argue; the other two movements involved a sect of Hindu ascetics, the Dasnami naga sannyasis who visited Bengal on pilgrimage mixed with moneylending opportunities. To the British, these ascetics were looters and must be stopped from collecting money that belonged to the Company and from entering the province.
It was felt. When the Company's forces tried to prevent the sannyasis and fakirs from entering the province or from collecting their money in the last three decades of the 18th century, fierce clashes ensued, with the Company's forces not always victorious. Most of the clashes were recorded in the years following the famine but they continued, albeit with a lesser frequency, up until 1802; the reason that with superior training and forces, the Company was not able to suppress sporadic clashes with migrating ascetics was that the control of the Company's forces in the far-removed hilly and jungle covered districts like Birbhum and Midnapore on local events was weak. The Sannyasi rebellion was the first of a series of revolts and rebellions in the Western districts of the province including the Chuar Revolt of 1799 and the Santhal Revolt of 1855–56. What effect the Sannyasi Rebellion had on rebellions that followed is debatable; the best reminder of the Rebellion is in literature, in the Bengali novel Anandamath, written by India's first modern novelist Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.
The song, Vande Mataram, written in 1876, was used in the book Anandamath in 1882 and the 1952 movie based on the book. Vande Mataram was declared to be India's National Song