2013 Virginia gubernatorial election
The Virginia gubernatorial election of 2013 took place on November 5, 2013, to elect the governor of Virginia. The incumbent governor, Republican Bob McDonnell, was not eligible to run for re-election due to term limits established by the Virginia Constitution. Virginia is the only state. Three candidates appeared on the ballot for Governor: Republican Ken Cuccinelli, the Attorney General of Virginia. McAuliffe won the election and was sworn in as governor on January 11, 2014. In every Virginia gubernatorial election from 1977 to 2009, the political party of the president at the time lost the election when the state of Virginia had voted for the president in question. However, this pattern was broken in the 2013 election, with McAuliffe's victory during Barack Obama's second term as president; this was the first Virginia gubernatorial election since 1965 in which no candidate won an outright majority of the vote. Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling, elected to the post in 2005, made a deal with McDonnell whereby Bolling would run for re-election as lieutenant governor in 2009, enabling McDonnell to run for governor without a primary, in exchange for McDonnell's support in 2013.
After the 2009 election, Bolling made no secret of his intention to run for governor in 2013, while Attorney General of Virginia Ken Cuccinelli stated that he was considering three options: a run for re-election as attorney general in 2013, running for the U. S. Senate in 2014, running for governor in 2013. Cuccinelli announced to colleagues on December 2011, that he was indeed running for governor. Bolling responded on the same day. Bolling, polling poorly against Cuccinelli, withdrew from the race on November 28, 2012, he cited the Republican Party's decision to move to a nominating convention rather than hold a primary. He refused to endorse Cuccinelli. Bolling decided against it. Bolling rejected the possibility of a write-in campaign. Ken Cuccinelli, Attorney General of VirginiaCuccinelli became the de facto nominee after being the only candidate to file to run by the deadline, was formally nominated at the state Republican convention on May 18, 2013. Bill Bolling, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia George Allen, former U.
S. Senator and former Governor Thomas M. Davis, former U. S. Representative Jeff McWaters, state senator Terry McAuliffe and former chairman of the Democratic National Committee On April 2, 2013, the Democratic Party of Virginia certified that McAuliffe was the only candidate to file for the June primary, was therefore the Democratic nominee. Ward Armstrong, former Minority Leader of the Virginia House of Delegates Tom Perriello, former U. S. Representative Chap Petersen, state senator Mark Warner, U. S. Senator and former Governor Robert Sarvis, lawyer and software developerOn April 21, 2013, the Libertarian Party of Virginia held a special convention and nominated Sarvis as the party's official gubernatorial candidate. Sarvis' campaign submitted over 17,000 signatures to meet the Virginia State Board of Elections requirement of 10,000 valid signatures. On June 26, 2013, the SBE confirmed to Sarvis' campaign that he would be listed on the ballot statewide during the elections this November; this made Sarvis the fourth minor party gubernatorial nominee to get on the Virginia ballot in 40 years.
John Parmele, Jr. navy retireeParmele announced his campaign as a write-in candidate in August 2013. Parmele unsuccessfully ran for the Virginia Beach City Council six times. In 2005, he ran as an independent for the 82nd district of the Virginia House of Delegates and lost to incumbent Harry Purkey. Tareq Salahi, reality television personalitySalahi planned to seek the Republican nomination, but left the party to launch an independent bid. However, he failed to submit the necessary signatures to the Virginia State Board of Elections by the June 11, 2013, deadline and did not appear on the ballot as an independent, he transitioned his run into a write-in campaign and said he would pursue a congressional seat if he didn't win the governorship. Salahi scheduled to have a film document his campaign by Campbell Media Group, but the production company faced legal allegations. Bill Bolling, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Cuccinelli challenged McAuliffe to a series of 15 debates around the state. McAuliffe refused, called Cuccinelli's challenge "absurd" and a "gimmick".
Cuccinelli responded, "McAuliffe's campaign might have dismissed the challenge, but it's clear that community leaders and Virginians share our desire to hold real debates across the Commonwealth."Both candidates agreed to participate in three debates: July 20, 2013, in Hot Springs, sponsored by the Virginia Bar Association. Cuccinelli declined to appear at the League of Women Voters/AARP debate, calling it a "left-wing, stacked debate". Cuccinelli accepted a debate invitation in Danville for a date in October. Sarvis was not invited to the forums. Barton Hinkle of the Richmond Times Dispatch called the current debate process "stacked" suggesting that debate organizers are activists trying to influence
Caroline County, Virginia
Caroline County is a United States county located on the eastern part of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The northern boundary of the county borders on the Rappahannock River, notably at the historic town of Port Royal; the Caroline county seat is Bowling Green. Caroline County was established in 1728 and was named in honor of Caroline of Ansbach, wife of the reigning king, George II of Great Britain, it is the birthplace of the renowned racehorse Secretariat, winner of the 1973 Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 28,545, having more than doubled in the last fifty years. Caroline is part of the Greater Richmond Region. Caroline County was established in the British Colony of Virginia in 1727 from Essex and Queen, King William counties, it was named for Caroline of Ansbach, the wife of King George II of Great Britain, who had taken the British throne at the time. During the Colonial Period, Caroline County was the birthplace of Thoroughbred horse racing in North America.
Arabian horses were imported from England to provide the basis for American breeding stock. Patriot Edmund Pendleton played a large role in the Virginia Resolution for Independence. Caroline native John Penn was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, albeit as a delegate from North Carolina. Explorers William Clark and his slave York were members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, William's older brother, General George Rogers Clark—conqueror of the old Northwest Territory and Revolutionary War hero. Both were born near. In 1847, after being a member of the first graduating class of Virginia Military Institute, William "Little Billy" Mahone of Southampton County began teaching at Rappahannock Academy in Caroline County, he was to become prominent as a railroad builder and developer, Confederate General, leader of Virginia's short-lived Readjuster Party, a United States Senator. On May 10, 1863, Confederate Lieutenant General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson died of complications from pneumonia at the Chandler plantation in Guinea Station, in the unincorporated Caroline County community of Woodford.
The Chandler residence is now known as the "Jackson Shrine."During Union General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign, Confederate troops under General George E. Pickett fought Union troops near Milford. Just as the Civil War was concluding in April 1865, President Lincoln was assassinated in Washington, DC as part of a conspiracy to kill the leaders of the United States; as the conspirators fled, a manhunt was launched. After 10 days, in the wee hours of April 26, federal troops tracked down John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln's assassin, fellow conspirator David E. Herold at Garrett's farm about 3 miles west of Port Royal. Booth was fatally shot during their capture by federal troops. Herold was returned to Washington, where he was executed by hanging with 3 co-conspirators on July 7, 1865. In 1958, Richard and Mildred Loving challenged miscegenation laws in the state. Although they married in Washington, DC, they returned to live in Caroline County, where they were arrested and charged under the state's anti-miscegenation statute, the Racial Integrity Act of 1924.
Their case went to the Supreme Court of the United States, which in 1967 found anti-miscegenation statutes to be unconstitutional in Loving v. Virginia. At the southern edge of the county, The Meadow, a farm established in 1810, became a premier facility for breeding and training Thoroughbred race horses. In 1972, Riva Ridge, raised at The Meadow, won the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes, two of the three events of the Triple Crown; the following year, born at The Meadow, won the famous Triple Crown for the Chenery family's Meadow Stable. In 2003, The State Fair of Virginia purchased Meadow Farm for development as a new site for the annual Virginia State Fair. Long held at locations in the capital of Richmond and Henrico County, the fair was squeezed out by expanding development around it and the growth of the event. Most it was held at Strawberry Hill in central Henrico County, at the facility which became the Richmond International Raceway. Beginning in September 2009, the annual Virginia State Fair has been held at the new Meadow Event Park in Caroline County.
The annual Meadow Celtic Games and Festival will be held at the new facility. In 2009 the National Civic League presented Caroline County with one of ten annual All-America City Awards. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 537 square miles, of which 528 square miles is land and 9 square miles is water. Caroline County is 32 miles south of Fredericksburg. Caroline County is bounded on the north by King George counties; the county is home to a quarry that has proved a rich source of pre-historic whale and shark skeletons. The whole county is located in, it is known to palaentologists as the middle Miocene Calvert Formation of Virginia. A whale skeleton discovered there in 1990 was proved to be a new whale species. Caroline County is served by Interstate 95, US 1 and US 301; these three routes are important for interregional travel. King George County – north Hanover County – south King William County – east King and Queen County – east Essex County – east Spotsylvania County – northwest I-95, the major north-south highway on the Ea
King and Queen County, Virginia
King and Queen County is a county in the U. S. state of Virginia, located in that state's Middle Peninsula on the eastern edge of the Richmond, VA metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,945, its county seat is Queen Court House. King and Queen County was established in 1691 from New Kent County; the county is named for King William Queen Mary II of England. King and Queen County is notable as one of the few counties in the United States to have recorded a larger population in the 1790 census than in the 2010 one. Among the earliest settlers of King and Queen County was Roger Shackelford, an emigrant from Old Alresford, England, after whom the village of Shacklefords, Virginia, in King and Queen County is named. Shackelford's descendants continued to live in the county, by the nineteenth century had intermarried with the Taliaferro, Beverley and Sears families, among others. In 1762 when he was 11, future president James Madison was sent to a boarding school run by Donald Robertson at the Innes plantation in King and Queen County.
Robertson was a Scottish teacher. From Robertson, Madison learned mathematics and modern and classical languages—he became proficient in Latin, he attributed his instinct for learning "largely to that man." At age 16, Madison returned to his father's Montpelier estate in Orange County. On March 2, 1864, the Battle of Walkerton, an engagement of the American Civil War took place here, resulting in a Confederate victory. Virginia Longest, national director of Nursing Service for the U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs, was a County native. For many years, county publications noted; this is now no longer the case, as a traffic light has been installed on U. S. Route 360 at St. Stephen's Church; the county is among the more rustic of the counties of Virginia. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 326 square miles, of which 315 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water. Caroline County – north Essex County – northeast Middlesex County – east Gloucester County – southeast James City County – south New Kent County – southwest King William County – west US 360 SR 14 SR 33 SR 40 As of the census of 2000, there were 6,630 people, 2,673 households, 1,897 families residing in the county.
The population density was 21 people per square mile. There were 3,010 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 61.22% White, 35.67% Black or African American, 1.42% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 1.25% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,673 households out of which 26.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.00% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years.
For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,941, the median income for a family was $40,563. Males had a median income of $33,217 versus $21,753 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,236. 10.90% of the population and 7.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 8.10% are under the age of 18 and 14.80% are 65 or older. Buena Vista District: James M. Burns Newtown District: Sherrin C. Alsop Shanghai District: R. F. "Rusty" Bailey, Jr. St. Stephens Church District: James Lawrence Simpkins Stevensville District: Doris H. Morris Clerk of the Circuit Court: Vanessa D. Porter Commissioner of the Revenue: Kelly N. Lumpkin Commonwealth's Attorney: Charles E. Adkins Sheriff: John R. Charboneau Treasurer: Irene B. LongestKing and Queen is represented by Republican Thomas K. "Tommy" Norment in the Virginia Senate, Republican M. Keith Hodges in the Virginia House of Delegates, Republican Robert J.
"Rob" Wittman in the U. S. House of Representatives. King and Queen Court House Newtown St. Stephen's Church Shacklefords National Register of Historic Places listings in King and Queen County, Virginia
Middlesex County, Virginia
Middlesex County is a county located on the Middle Peninsula in the U. S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,959, its county seat is Saluda. This area was long settled by indigenous peoples; the Nimcock had a village on the river where Urbanna was developed. English settlement of the area began around 1640, with the county being formed in 1669 from a part of Lancaster County; this settlement pushed the Nimcock upriver. The county's only incorporated town, was established by the colonial Assembly in 1680 as one of 20 50-acre port towns designated for trade, it served as a port on the Rappahannock River for shipping agricultural products the tobacco commodity crop. As the county developed, it became its governmental center; the Rosegill Estate was developed as a plantation by Ralph Wormeley beginning in 1649, with construction of its major buildings through the 17th century. It served as the temporary seat of the colony under two royal Governors of Virginia; this and other plantations in the county were developed for the commodity crop of tobacco through the 18th century, dependent on the skilled labor of enslaved African Americans.
In the 19th century, many planters from the Upper South sold slaves to the Deep South after switching from tobacco to mixed crops, which required less labor. Others migrated to the Deep South to develop new land and plantations, taking slaves with them, as did Thomas Wingfield, who moved to Wilkes County, Georgia in 1783, accompanied by 23 slaves. Following the American Civil War and emancipation, numerous freedmen stayed in the rural area of Middlesex County, working on the land for pay or a share of crops. Others moved to cities as artisans, seeking more opportunities; the Rosegill mansion continues to be used as a private residence to this day. Most of the land of the estate was purchased in the 21st century by a Northern Virginia development firm, which plans to develop it as a 700-home subdivision. An archaeological survey of the property included in the first phase of the planned development has revealed what appear to be parts of the Nimcock village, it has uncovered evidence of the Rosegill slave community of African Americans.
The developer intends to proceed with building houses over a portion of the artifacts, which will render excavation and study of them impossible. During the American Civil War, Urbanna was planned as the point of landing for General George B. McClellan's 1862 Peninsula Campaign of 1862 to take Richmond. McClellan shifted to use Fort Monroe as the starting point doubling the distance by land that troops had to travel to the Confederate citadel. Delays in reaching the gates of Richmond allowed the Confederates ample time to erect substantial defensive batteries, contributing to the Union failure in this campaign; the Historic Middlesex County Courthouse was built in 1850–1874 by architects William R. Jones and John P. Hill, it is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Construction of a new 21st-century county courthouse began in 2003 and was completed in 2004, it was not occupied until September 2007, due to a legal dispute between the county and the architect. The Historic Courthouse has been remodeled and now serves as the Board of Supervisors meeting room and the Registrar's Office.
Urbanna was incorporated on April 1902, comprising an area of 0.49 square miles. The Town of Urbanna remains its only incorporated area; the county seat was moved to the Village of Saluda on U. S. Route 17. To the east to Stingray Point, the Village of Deltaville is situated on State Route 33 between the mouths of the Rappahannock and Piankatank rivers. Once a major center for wooden boat building, the village has become known as a commercial and recreational center, its waterfront and east to Stingray Point how has many marinas, with a concentration on Broad Creek. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 211 square miles, of which 130 square miles is land and 80 square miles is water. Middlesex County is located at the eastern end of Virginia's Middle Peninsula region; the County is bounded by the Rappahannock River to the north, by the Chesapeake Bay to the east, by the Piankatank River and Dragon Run Swamp to the southwest, by Essex County to the northwest. The County has 135 miles of shoreline.
Lancaster County – North Mathews County – South Gloucester County – Southwest King and Queen County – West Essex County – Northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 9,932 people, 4,253 households, 2,913 families residing in the county. The population density was 76 people per square mile. There were 6,362 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 78.50% White, 20.13% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.41% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. 0.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,253 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.50% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was
Donald Sternoff Beyer Jr. is a Triestine-born American businessman and politician who has served as the United States Representative for Virginia's 8th congressional district since 2015. The district is located in the heart of Northern Virginia and includes Alexandria, Falls Church and Arlington. Beyer owns automobile dealerships in Virginia and has a long record of involvement in community and philanthropic work. From 1990 to 1998 he served as the 36th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia during the gubernatorial administrations of Democrat Doug Wilder and Republican George Allen, his party's nominee for governor in 1997, he lost to Republican Jim Gilmore, the Attorney General of Virginia. From 2009 to 2013, he served as United States Ambassador to Liechtenstein. In 2014, Beyer announced his candidacy for the U. S. House of Representatives seat for Virginia's 8th congressional district held by the retiring Jim Moran. Beyer won the June 2014 Democratic primary with 45% of the vote and defeated Republican Micah Edmond 63% to 33% on November 4, 2014.
Beyer was born in the Free Territory of Trieste, the son of a U. S. Army officer, Donald Sternoff Beyer Sr. and his wife, Nancy McDonald. The oldest of six children, he was raised in Washington, D. C. where his father founded a chain of car dealerships. In 1968, he graduated from Gonzaga College High School. Beyer was a Presidential Scholar in 1968, was a National Merit Scholarship winner, he graduated from a winter Outward Bound course at Dartmouth College in January 1971, attended Wellesley College that year as part of the "12 College Exchange" program. After college Beyer began working in his father's Volvo dealership. In 1986, Beyer and his brother Michael bought the business from their parents, as the Beyer Automotive Group, the business expanded to nine dealerships, including the Volvo, Land Rover, Kia and Subaru brands. Beyer is a past chairman of the National Volvo Retailer Advisory Board. In 2006, he served as chairman of the American International Automobile Dealers Association, he served as a member of the board of Demosphere International, Inc. a leading soccer registration software provider.
He was a board member of History Associates, which bills itself as "The Best Company in History." He has served on the Virginia Board of First Union National Bank, the board of Shenandoah Life Insurance Company, the board of Lightly Expressed, a fiber optic lighting design and manufacturing firm. During nearly three decades of community activism, he has taken leadership roles on the boards of many business and public policy organizations, the Fairfax County Chamber of Commerce and the American Cancer Society, he has received numerous awards and honors, including the Grand Award for Highway Safety from the National Safety Federation. Wheat Jr. Award for Service to Virginians with Disabilities. In 2017, he was given the Leaders for Democracy Award by the Project on Middle East Democracy. In April 2017, he was awarded the Community Integration Leadership Award for Community and Public Service by the ENDependence Center of Northern Virginia, the Community Engagement Award from Phillips Programs for Children and Families.
He chaired the board of the Alexandria Community Trust, Alexandria's community foundation, the board of Jobs for Virginia Graduates, the state's largest high school dropout prevention program. He is past president of the board of Youth for Tomorrow, Washington Redskins' coach Joe Gibbs' residential home for troubled adolescent boys and girls, he served on the board of the DC Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. He serves on the Board of Directors of Jobs for America's Graduates. Beyer was the northern Virginia coordinator of the successful Gerald L. Baliles campaign for governor in 1985. In 1986 Baliles appointed Beyer to the Commonwealth Transportation Board. Beyer was elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 1989, beating Republican state senator Edwina P. Dalton, he was re-elected in 1993, beating Republican Michael Farris 54-46 percent, as Republicans George Allen and Jim Gilmore were elected on the same ballot as Governor and Attorney General, respectively. Farris's close connection to conservative leaders such as Jerry Falwell of the Moral Majority, Pat Robertson of the Christian Coalition and Phyllis Schlafly of the Eagle Forum, as well as his adherence to the Quiverfull movement stirred deep-seated feelings and led some prominent Virginia Republicans such as U.
S. Senator John Warner to support Beyer rather than Farris. During his tenure as lieutenant governor, Beyer served as president of the Virginia Senate, he chaired the Virginia Economic Recovery Commission, the Virginia Commission on Sexual Assault, the Virginia Commission on Disabilities, the Poverty Commission and was co-founder of the Northern Virginia Technology Council, an outgrowth of the Chamber of Commerce. He was active in promoting high-tech industries, lead the fight to eliminate disincentives in the Virginia Tax Code to high-tech research and development
Leslie Larkin Byrne is a politician, a former member of the United States House of Representatives from Virginia. A member of the Democratic Party, in 1992 she was the first woman elected to the U. S. Congress from the Commonwealth of Virginia, she served for one term in the 103rd Congress. Byrne grew up in Salt Lake City and attended both the University of Utah and Mount Vernon College in Ohio. Shortly after her family moved in 1971 to Northern Virginia, Byrne entered the public arena as an activist in community organizations and the Parent Teacher Associations for her children's schools, she served as President of the Fairfax Area League of Women Voters and Chairwoman of the Fairfax County Commission on Fair Campaign Practices. In 1985, Byrne co-founded Quintech Associates, Inc. a project-based human resources consulting firm to the high-tech community. She served as president of Quintech until her election to Congress in 1992, she is married to Larry Byrne, President of Byrne and Associates, an international consulting firm.
They have two grown children, daughter Alexis and son Jason, three grandchildren. Byrne served in the Virginia House of Delegates for six years, having defeating two-term Republican incumbent Gwen Cody in 1985, she served until elected to the US House of Representatives in 1992 from the newly created 11th congressional district She is the first woman to have been elected to Congress from Virginia. 1992 was known as the "Year of the Woman" for the large number of women elected to Congress in that election. While a member of the 103rd Congress, she served on the Public Works and Transportation Committee and Subcommittees on Surface Transportation, Water Resources. Representative Byrne was a member of the Post Office and Civil Service Committee, serving on the subcommittee on employee benefits and compensation; the freshman Democratic members of the 103rd Congress elected her to the leadership position of freshman caucus whip. She passed more legislation than any other freshman representative. In addition, two of her measures on childhood immunization passed into law early in the first session of the 103rd Congress.
Byrne played a role in preventing cuts in federal workers' benefits. Additionally, she helped lead the effort to improve federal oversight of the nation's 1.7 million miles of natural gas and petroleum pipelines. Byrne's legislative efforts included Medicaid reform, she helped obtain funds for rail from Tysons Corner to Dulles Airport. Thomas M. Davis chairman of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, defeated her for re-election in 1994's "Republican Revolution." His campaign charged that Byrne was too liberal for the swing district she represented and that her voting record was too supportive of President Bill Clinton. In 1996, Byrne sought the Democratic nomination for the U. S. Senate to challenge incumbent Senator John Warner. Future Virginia Governor Mark Warner won the nomination at the 1996 Virginia Democratic Convention, garnering 1,889 delegates to Byrne's 231, he lost to Senator Warner. In 1998 Byrne took a job at United States Information Agency advising its director on the au pair program.
Byrne returned to elected office when she was elected to the Senate of Virginia in 1999, winning a close election against two-term incumbent Republican Jane Woods. She left the Senate after one term, choosing not to seek reelection after she was drawn into the same district as another Democratic incumbent during redistricting. In the Senate of Virginia she sponsored legislation to prohibit people from sleeping in rooms except bedrooms, a response to complaints of students and poor immigrants crowded into residential houses. Byrne was the 2005 Democratic Party candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. Republican Party candidate Bill Bolling defeated her in the November 8, 2005 general election by 1.2%. In the United States Senate election in Virginia, 2006, Byrne endorsed future Senator James Webb for the Democratic nomination, while many local party activists supported his primary opponent, Harris Miller. In 2008, Byrne ran for the Democratic nomination for Virginia's 11th congressional district, the seat she held from 1992 to 1994.
She was the first to enter the race, well before the incumbent Thomas M. Davis, a Republican, had announced he would choose not to seek reelection. In the primary election on June 10, 2008, she faced Gerald Connolly, Doug Denneny and Lori Alexander. Connolly, Chairman of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, defeated Byrne by 58% to 33%, went on to defeat Republican Keith Fimian in the general election. Byrne has supported public/private partnerships for transportation, including the Dulles Greenway project when she was in the Virginia House of Delegates. Women in the United States House of Representatives United States Congress. "Leslie Byrne". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Campaign Website at the Wayback Machine Virginia House of Delegates biography Campaign site
Robert Francis McDonnell is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 71st Governor of Virginia, from 2010-14. A member of the Republican Party, McDonnell served on the executive committee of the Republican Governors Association. McDonnell was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army Reserve, he served in the Virginia House of Delegates from 1992 to 2006, was Attorney General of Virginia from 2006-09. McDonnell was elected Governor of Virginia after using the campaign slogan "Bob's for Jobs." He defeated Democratic state Senator Creigh Deeds by a 17-point margin in the 2009 general election, marked by the severe recession of the late 2000s. McDonnell succeeded Democrat Tim Kaine, term-limited by Virginia law. After taking office as governor, McDonnell advocated privatization and promoted offshore drilling for Virginia, he moved to extend a contract to outsource the state's computer operations and sought to fund transportation improvements from asset sales, including a proposal to auction off liquor stores operated by the Virginia Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control.
The state's unemployment rate declined from 7.4% in January 2010, when McDonnell took office, to 5.2% in December 2013, comparable to the decline in the national unemployment rate from 9.8% to 6.7% during the same period. McDonnell's governorship ended with a 55% to 32% approval to disapproval rating among registered voters. On January 21, 2014, McDonnell and his wife, were indicted on federal corruption charges for receiving improper gifts and loans from a Virginia businessman, they were convicted on most counts by a federal jury on September 4, 2014. McDonnell, the first Virginia governor to be indicted or convicted of a felony, was sentenced on January 6, 2015, to two years in prison, followed by two years of supervised release. However, he was free on bond during the subsequent appeals process. On June 27, 2016, the United States Supreme Court unanimously overturned McDonnell's conviction and remanded the case back to a lower court. Less than three months the Justice Department announced that they would not prosecute the case again, moved to dismiss the charges against the former governor and his wife.
The case racked up over $27 million in legal bills, McDonnell has taken four jobs to pay them off. McDonnell serves as a professor at Regent University and runs The McDonnell Group, a real estate consulting firm, with his sister. McDonnell was born in Philadelphia, the son of Emma B. Meta and Lt. Col. John Francis McDonnell USAF Ret.. His paternal grandparents were Irish immigrants, his maternal grandparents were from Alsace-Lorraine in what was the German Empire, his family moved to Virginia, in 1955 when he was a year old. He spent four years of his early childhood in Germany when his father, a United States Air Force officer, was sent out on assignment. After returning to Virginia, the McDonnells permanently established residence in Fairfax County. McDonnell's mother worked at Mount Vernon. McDonnell graduated from Bishop Ireton High School in Alexandria, Virginia, in 1972. McDonnell attended the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, on an ROTC scholarship, graduating with a B. B. A. in management in 1976.
Following graduation, he served as a medical supply officer in the United States Army for four years. His military posts were medical clinics in Germany from 1976–79, in Newport News, from 1979-81. In addition, he took night classes and received an M. B. A. from Boston University in 1980. After leaving active duty in 1981, McDonnell worked for the American Hospital Supply Corporation in the custom products regional division, his career path shifted from business to law and public policy when he selected a joint degree program at Christian Broadcasting Network University now known as Regent University. He obtained an M. A./J. D. There in 1989. During his studies, McDonnell interned under Congressman Jerry Lewis. McDonnell married to Maureen Patricia McDonnell; the oldest, served as a U. S. Army Signal Corps officer in Iraq, their second oldest daughter, coordinated youth outreach for the Republican Party of Virginia's election efforts in 2009. They have a middle daughter Rachel who attended Virginia Tech and is planning to marry in 2018.
McDonnell's twin sons Robert and Sean, both graduated in 2014 from the University of Virginia. McDonnell first ran and was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1991, defeating Democratic incumbent Glenn McClanan 53%–47%, he won re-election in 1993 against Thomas Carnes 64%–36%, was unopposed in 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, serving seven terms. He represented the 84th district in Virginia Beach. Under the 1998–2001 power-sharing arrangement between House Republicans and Democrats, he was Co-Chair of the Committee on the Chesapeake and its Tributaries in 2000–01, he became Chair of the Courts of Justice Committee in 2003. He served on the Rules Committee 2000–05, was Assistant Majority Leader. While serving in state office, McDonnell continued to serve in the Army Reserve as a JAG officer until retiring as a lieutenant colonel in 1997. In 1994, McDonnell supported, was a major co-sponsor of George Allen's initiative to abolish parole for those convicted of a felony. In 2005, McDonnell ran for attorney general.
He campaigned on issues including protecting children from sexual predators, drug enforcement, identity theft, gang violence, terrorism. The first result showed him with a victory of 323 votes, out of over 1.9 million votes cast, over his opponent, Democratic State Senator Creigh Deeds. Deeds filed for a recount, which began on December 20, 2005. A court dec