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Bill Cotton

Sir William Frederick Cotton was a British television producer and executive, the son of big-band leader Billy Cotton. The TV and radio presenter Fearne Cotton is related to him, as he was her paternal grandfather's cousin. Following a secondary education at the independent school Ardingly College, he joined BBC Television as an in-house producer of light entertainment programmes in 1956, working on various programmes such as his father's Billy Cotton Band Show and popular music programme Six-Five Special. In 1970, Cotton was promoted to Head of Light Entertainment, following the death of Tom Sloan in May. In this position, Cotton was responsible for overseeing the production of a whole series of popular and iconic comedy programmes, including The Morecambe and Wise Show, Monty Python's Flying Circus, The Two Ronnies, Bruce Forsyth and the Generation Game and Look: Mike Yarwood. Cotton's era was seen as the most eclectic in the history of BBC Light Entertainment, with programmes such as Morecambe and Wise becoming icons of British popular culture and drawing huge audiences, while the more subversive Monty Python provided a more cutting-edge and daring complement.

Cotton's success as Head of Light Entertainment led to his promotion to Controller of BBC1, the Corporation's premier and the UK's oldest television station, in 1977. He oversaw some of the channel's highest-ever audience figures in 1979, although this was due to the main opposition, ITV, being on strike for over two months. In 1981, he was replaced as controller of BBC1 by Alan Hart and made the BBC's deputy managing director of television under Alasdair Milne. In 1984 Cotton was promoted to become managing director of Television, a role he fulfilled until his retirement from the Corporation in 1988. During this final period at the BBC he was involved with Michael Grade and Jonathan Powell in the attempted cancellation of Doctor Who in 1985 after a run of 22 years on the BBC, a decision which became an 18-month hiatus following a tabloid backlash. Cotton subsequently did some freelance executive producing work in the light entertainment area and served as chairman of Noel Gay Television, he was deputy chairman of Meridian Broadcasting from 1992 to 1996 chairman until 2001.

Cotton was a Vice-President of the Marie Curie Cancer Care charity. He received a BAFTA Fellowship Award in 1998, he was made a Knight Bachelor for his services to Television Broadcasting and Marie Curie Cancer Care in 2001. He had been appointed a CBE in 1989 and an OBE in 1976, he was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1995 when he was surprised by Michael Aspel at Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire. Guests included Brian Tesler, Michael Grade and Billy Marsh. BBC Two broadcast an evening of programmes that he commissioned as part of a tribute night to him on Boxing Day 2008, including the Morecambe & Wise Christmas Show of 1971, The Generation Game Christmas Show of 1973, The Two Ronnies Old Fashioned Christmas Mystery of 1973. There was a documentary about his career with Michael Grade, Bruce Forsyth, Michael Parkinson, Ronnie Corbett, Terry Wogan, Paul Jackson among those paying tribute, in addition to this a two-part documentary about his life and career was broadcast on BBC Radio 2 on New Year's Eve 2008 and New Year's Day 2009 presented by Paul O'Grady.

Bill Cotton on IMDb Bill Cotton at British Comedy Guide Bill Cotton's appearance on This Is Your Life Sir Bill Cotton – Obituary from The Guardian

List of non-marine molluscs of South Korea

The non-marine molluscs of South Korea are a part of the molluscan fauna of South Korea. A number of species of non-marine molluscs are found in the wild in South Korea. For example, there are 87 non-marine molluscs on Jeju Island Semisulcospiridae Semisulcospira libertina Lymnaeidae Austropeplea ollula Galba truncatula Radix auricularia Physidae Physella acuta Planorbidae Gyraulus convexiusculus Hutton, 1849 Polypylis hemisphaerula Hippeutis cantori Land gastropods in South Korea include: Hydrocenidae Georissa japonica Pilsbry, 1900Cyclophoridae Cyclophorus herklotsi von Martens, 1861 Platyraphe minutus quelpartensis Cyclotus campanulatus von Martens, 1865 Nakadaella micron Spirostoma japonicum japonicum Chamalycaeus kurodai Pupinidae Pupinella rufa Diplommatinidae Arinia chejuensis Kwon & Lee, 1991 Palaina pusilla Diplommatina paxillus Diplommatina changensis Diplommatina chejuensis Ellobiidae Allochroa layardi Laemodonta monilifera Laemodonta exaratoides Kawabe, 1992 Laemodonta octanfracta Microtralia acteocinoides Kuroda & Habe in Habe, 1961 Melampus nuxcastaneus Kuroda, 1949 Melampus fasciatus Melampus taeniolus Hombron & Jaquinot, 1854Carychiidae Carychium noduliferum Reinhardt, 1877 Carychium pessimum Pilsbry, 1902Valloniidae Vallonia costata Strobilopsidae Eostrobilops hirasei Enidae Ena coreanica Pilsbry & Hirase, 1908Clausiliidae Euphaedusa fusaniana Subulinidae Allopeas clavulinum Allopeas clavulinum pyrgula Allopeas clavulinum kyotense Streptaxidae Sinoennea iwacawa Diapheridae Sinoennea Kobelt, 1904Succineidae Oxyloma hirasei Helicarionidae Trochochlamys crenulata Gastrodontella stenogyra Sitalina circumcincta Sitalina japonica Habe, 1964 Sitalina chejuensis Kwon & Lee, 1991 Yamatochlamys lampra Bekkochlamys subrejecta Bekkochlamys quelpartensis Macrochlamys fusanus Hirase, 1908 Macrochlamys hypostilbe Pilsbry & Hirase, 1909Limacidae Limax flavus Linnaeus, 1758 Lehmannia marginata Agriolimacidae Deroceras reticulatum Camaenidae Aegista chejuensis Aegista chosenica Aegista quelpartensis Trishoplita pumilio Acusta despecta Acusta despecta sieboldiana Euhadra herklotsi Euhadra dixoni Nesiohelix samarangae Kuroda & Miyanaga, 1943 Philomycidae Meghimatium bilineatum Meghimatium fruhstorferi Lists of molluscs of surrounding countries: List of non-marine molluscs of North Korea, Wildlife of North Korea List of non-marine molluscs of China List of non-marine molluscs of Japan

Nokia N900

The Nokia N900 is a smartphone made by Nokia. It supersedes the Nokia N810, its default operating system, Maemo 5, is a Linux-based OS developed for the Nokia 770 Internet Tablet. It is the first Nokia device based upon the Texas Instruments OMAP3 microprocessor with the ARM Cortex-A8 core. Unlike the three Nokia Internet tablets preceding it, the Nokia N900 is the first Maemo device to include phone functionality; the N900 functions as a mobile Internet device, includes e-mail, web browsing and access to online services, a 5-megapixel digital camera for still or video photography, a portable media player for music and video, games console and word processor, SMS, as well as mobile telephony using either a mobile network or VoIP via Internet. Maemo provides an X-terminal interface for interacting with the core operating system, it was launched at Nokia World on 2 September 2009 and was released in November 2009 in the United States and 9 European countries. The N900 was launched alongside Maemo 5, giving the device an overall more touch-friendly interface than its predecessors and a customizable home screen which mixes application icons with shortcuts and widgets.

Maemo 5 supports Adobe Flash Player 9.4, includes many applications designed for the mobile platform such as a new touch-friendly media player. The Nokia N900 was announced on 17 September 2008 during a keynote presentation by Dr. Ari Jaaksi of Nokia. New supported features were announced for Maemo 5 such as cellular connectivity over 3G/HSPA, TI OMAP3 processor and high definition camera support. No news on backward compatibility for older Internet Tablets and no time frame was established; the release of the pre-alpha Maemo 5 software development kit, in December 2008 targeted the OMAP3 architecture, revamped the user interface, included support for hardware graphics acceleration and other functionalities not found in Internet Tablets at the time such as cellular data connectivity and high definition camera support. The first photo and specifications of the N900, codenamed Rover while being developed, came out in May 2009; the release of FCC approval documents in August 2009 confirmed the device and provided the second codename RX-51.

The Nokia N900 was announced on 2 September 2009 at Nokia World 2009 in Germany. Nokia says it is step 4 of 5 in the line of Maemo devices which started in 2005 with the Nokia 770; the device was available in selected markets starting November 2009 with a retail price of €599 in Finland, Italy and Spain, €649 in France, 2499 zł in Poland, 5995 kr in Sweden and £499 in the United Kingdom, all prices including VAT but excluding subsidies. The retail price at launch was US$649 in the United States excluding subsidies, it will be available in Canada through independent retailers for around C$800. As of March 2010 the Nokia site in Australia lists the N900 on the homepage, hinting at launch some time in the near future. Black was the only color available at launch. Availability was limited, leading to further delays; the statement from Nokia was. The Nokia N900 launched in Hong Kong on 29 May 2010, with added features to facilitate character handwriting input. Price at launch was 4998 HKD, it has been released to Australia via Optus.

The Nokia N900 is powered by OMAP 3430 ARM Cortex-A8, a system-on-a-chip made by Texas Instruments based on a 65 nanometer CMOS process. The OMAP 3430 is composed of three microprocessors; the TMS320 C64x main purpose is to offload the Cortex A8 from having to process audio and video signal. Moreover, the OMAP 3430 on some N900 devices has been over-clocked up to 1150 MHz by using a modified kernel and editing the kernel power configuration file; the system has 256 MB of dedicated high performance RAM paired with access to 768 MB swap space managed by the OS. This provides a total of 1 GB of virtual memory; the Nokia N900 has a 3.5-inch resistive touchscreen with a resolution of 800 × 480 pixels. According to both Nokia and the Xorg.log, it is capable of displaying up to 65k colours. Nokia N900 camera capability is 2592x1944 pixels, Carl Zeiss optics, Dual LED flash, video light, geo-tagging The LCD is transflective to permit usability over a wide range of luminosity. Haptic feedback is provided to touchscreen input by applying a sound.

A stylus is provided to allow more precise touch input and access to smaller user interface elements. A 3-axis accelerometer allows the orientation of the screen to change between portrait and landscape mode in certain applications, or it can be used as user input in games and applications. While the dashboard or desktop is active, rotating the device from landscape to portrait mode activates the phone application. With update PR1.2, It became possible to view web pages in portrait mode. Developers may add support for portrait mode in their applications. There is a proximity sensor which deactivates the display and touchscreen when the device is brought near the face during a call; the slide-out 4-row keyboard and D-pad of the Nokia N810 h

C.S. MarĂ­timo

Club Sport Marítimo MH M known as Marítimo, is a Portuguese sports club founded in Funchal, Madeira, in 1910. Marítimo is best known for its football team playing in Portugal's top-flight competition, the Primeira Liga; the club's reserve team, Marítimo B, compete in the third division. Aside from football, Marítimo have teams in other sports competing in national leagues, such as volleyball, roller hockey and athletics. Marítimo supporters are called Maritimistas; the club has won one major trophy, the Campeonato de Portugal, in 1926. After a long period without being able to participate in national championships, they made their appearance in 1973. Since Marítimo have been present for 40 seasons in Primeira Liga, have been runners-up of the Taça de Portugal twice, runners-up of the Taça da Liga twice, have participated nine times in the UEFA Cup/Europa League; the club have won the II Divisão twice. Marítimo's most recent foray into European competition came in 2012, when they reached the group stage of the Europa League.

The International Federation of Football History and Statistics ranking lists Marítimo as the fifth best Portuguese club of this century, the highest ranking of any club from Madeira. Marítimo was founded on 20 September 1910 as Club Português de Sport Marítimo, by Cândido Fernandes de Gouveia; the club adopted the red and green colours of the new Republican flag of Portugal to distinguish themselves from rivals Club Sports da Madeira, who used the blue and white colours of the old monarchy flag, replaced 15 days earlier. The name Marítimo, meaning Maritime in English, was used to reflect the fact that many of the team's players were workers of the nearby Funchal docks, a prominent employer at the time; the first match for Marítimo was a 2–1 win against Santa Clara, a select team composed of workers of the Western Telegraph Company. Soon after they began playing teams of sailors from visiting British ships. José Rodrigues Barrinhas, an old-fashioned attacking centre-half, made a name for himself in these games and in matches against rivals CS Madeira.

In 1921–22, the Portuguese clubs started playing a new national competition. The Campeonato de Portugal, played on a knock-out-basis, was the first national competition. After competing in the regional championships, the regional winners competed together to pick the Champion of Portugal. Marítimo make 13 appearances in the 17 editions of the competition. After several attempts, the club won the Campeonato de Portugal in 1925–26. In the semi-final against Porto, Marítimo won by 7–1, in the final against Belenenses Marítimo won by 2–0, it was after this great achievement that Marítimo was called "The Greatest of the Islands". In the early 1930s, the club faced a serious financial crisis, although this did not affect its supremacy in the regional competitions. However, in 1934, a new national competition called Primeira Liga was created, in which teams outside the continental territory were excluded. In 1938–39 the teams from the islands started to participate in the Taça de Portugal, after the champions of Madeira and Azores played a qualification round between themselves.

Being excluded from competing in the Primeira Liga, the club continued playing in regional competitions. It was in this period. In 1950, the team made an amazing tour of Africa in which they made some great achievements, raising high the name of the region. After arduous negotiations with the Portuguese Football Federation, it was established that the winner in the regional championship of 1972–73 could play a qualifying round with the last of the II Divisão and the first of the III Divisão. Marítimo started to participate in the national championships, they therefore became the first team from a Portuguese island to participate in the national championship. Maritimo's record of 35 Madeira Championships won between 1916-73 still stands. Marítimo was the first club outside continental territory to gain access to the First League in Portugal. Since the club amassed 37 appearances in the higher tier of Portuguese football – being the 10th club with more appearances in the first league in its 83 editions.

The consequences of long years without being able to compete in national competitions were visible in the beginning. The fact that the island was not able to put teams in national competitions show the discrepancies in terms of infrastructures and organization between the regional and national reality, yet the club in 1976–77 wins the II Divisão and rises to the Portuguese First Division, remaining there for over three seasons. Due to the existing semi-professionalism and some logistical difficulties, the club is relegated to Second Division in 1980–81, rising next season, winning for the second time the II Divisão; however this rises and falls, after two seasons the club return to Primeira Liga in the 1982–83. Since the club remains in the Primeira Liga consolidating is status of a team that compete to achieve a European competition; until the early 1990s, the club's best result was 9th in season 1987–88. The entry of a young coach of 35 years, the ambitious Brazilian Paulo Autuori, allied to greater internal organization, make that in 1991–92 the club reached the 7th place, staying just outside a possible European qualification.

In the 1992–93 season lived up to the times called wonder-trio, betting on Autuori attractive football and with the third best attack of the League. The qualification comes in the final round after a game against Boavista, with victory of Marítimo 3–2. In that same season is i

NGC 1466

NGC 1466 is the New General Catalogue designation for a globular cluster in the deep southern constellation of Hydrus. It is located in the outskirts of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way; the object was discovered November 1834 by English astronomer John Herschel. John Dreyer described it as "pF, pS, iR, glbM, *7 f", meaning "pretty faint, pretty small, irregular round a little brighter middle, with a 7th magnitude star nearby"; when using a small telescope, this is a "faint, small and difficult" target with an angular size of 1.9 arc minutes. It has an integrated visual magnitude of 11.4. This cluster has a reddening corrected distance modulus of 18.43±0.15, corresponding to a distance of 48.5 kpc. The cluster has a mass of about 140,000 times the mass of the Sun, it is an old cluster. In photographs, the cluster spans an apparent size of 3.50 arc minutes. The core radius has an angular size of 10.7±0.4 arc seconds, while the half-light radius is 24.3 arc seconds. There are a total of 49 known and one candidate RR Lyrae variable stars in the cluster, as of 2011.

Eight are double-mode RR Lyrae variables. The average periods are 0.335 days for RR Lyrae type c. These are consistent with a classification of Oosterhoff-intermediate for the cluster. Twelve other variables have been identified, including two long-period variables and a Cepheid variable. Media related to NGC 1466 at Wikimedia Commons

Orfa Jean Shontz

Orfa Jean Shontz was an American attorney and municipal judge. She was the first female referee of the Juvenile Court of Los Angeles County. Orfa Jean Shontz was born on November 1, 1876, in Avoca, the daughter of Benjamin Shontz and Jean Anderson Collins, she studied law at the University of Southern California. Shontz began her career as a lawyer, she was a practicing attorney by 1913. Her office was at 1030 Citizen's National Bank Building in California. From 1911 to 1914, while still a student, she became one of the first female probation officers of the Los Angeles County Juvenile Court, she was admitted to the bar in one year before her graduation. From 1914 to 1915 she was secretary to the Los Angeles County Probate Court. From 1915 to 1920 she was woman's department referee of the Juvenile Court of Los Angeles County, she created an all-female court, with a homelike atmosphere, to make women feel comfortable, girls involved in sex cases to have the privacy she felt they were entitled to. When she resigned in 1920, her position was taken over by her close friend.

In 1920 she resigned soon to enter private law practice. In 1932 she was named deputy city attorney and in 1934 she won the general election in California for the State Board of Equalization No. 4 for the Democratic Party, 48.3% against 47%. From 1935 to 1947 she was municipal judge of the Los Angeles Municipal Court. In 1918 she was the primary candidate for the Los Angeles County Superior Court election. Shontz sat on the board of directors of the Woman's Athletic Club, she was president of the Business and Professional Woman's Club and a member of the board of managers of the Los Angeles Business Girls' Club. She held memberships in the Artland Club, P. E. O. Sisterhood, Woman Lawyers' Club, State Bar Association, Los Angeles League of Women Voters, Phi Delta Delta. Shontz moved to California in 1911. In the 1920s Shontz, Van Waters, Van Waters' friends Sara Fisher and Emily "Pole" Reynolds, a teacher of psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles, Elizabeth "Bess" Woods, founder of the educational-research department for the Los Angeles Board of Education, all lived in a group of residences called the Colony, between Los Angeles and Pasadena.

When the Colony burned down, Van Waters and Shontz rented a house in Glendale that they called the "Stone House". At the time of her death, Shontz was living at Los Angeles, she died on May 6, 1954, is buried at Inglewood Park Cemetery