A djembe or jembe is a rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with bare hands from West Africa. According to the Bambara people in Mali, the name of the djembe comes from the saying "Anke djé, anke bé" which translates to "everyone gather together in peace" and defines the drum's purpose. In the Bambara language, "djé" is the verb for "gather" and "bé" translates as "peace."The djembe has a body carved of hardwood and a drumhead made of untreated rawhide, most made from goatskin. Excluding rings, djembes have an exterior diameter of 30 -- a height of 58 -- 63 cm; the majority have a diameter in the 13 to 14 inch range. The weight of a djembe depends on size and shell material. A medium-size djembe carved from one of the traditional woods weighs around 9 kg; the djembe can produce a wide variety of sounds. The drum is loud, allowing it to be heard as a solo instrument over a large percussion ensemble; the Malinké people say that a skilled drummer is one who "can make the djembe talk", meaning that the player can tell an emotional story.
Traditionally, the djembe is played only by men. Conversely, other percussion instruments that are played as part of an ensemble, such as the shekere and kese kese, are played by women. Today, it is rare to see women play djembe or dunun in West Africa, African women express astonishment when they do see a female djembe player. There is general agreement that the origin of the djembe is associated with the Mandinka caste of blacksmiths, known as Numu; the wide dispersion of the djembe drum throughout West Africa may be due to Numu migrations during the first millennium AD. Despite the association of the djembe with the Numu, there are no hereditary restrictions on who may become a djembefola; this is in contrast to instruments whose use is reserved for members of the griot caste, such as the balafon and ngoni. Anyone who plays djembe is a djembefola—the term does not imply a particular level of skill. Geographically, the traditional distribution of the djembe is associated with the Mali Empire, which dates back to 1230 AD and included parts of the modern-day countries of Guinea, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Senegal.
However, due to the lack of written records in West African countries, it is unclear whether the djembe predates or postdates the Mali Empire. It seems that the history of the djembe reaches back for at least several centuries, more than a millennium; the goblet shape of the djembe suggests that it may have been created from a mortar. There are a number of different creation myths for the djembe. Serge Blanc relates the following myth reported by Hugo Zemp: Prior to the 1950s and the decolonization of West Africa, due to the limited travel of native Africans outside their own ethnic group, the djembe was known only in its original area; the djembe first came to the attention of audiences outside West Africa with the efforts of Fodéba Keïta, who, in 1952, founded Les Ballets Africains. The ballet toured extensively in Europe and was declared Guinea's first national ballet by Guinea's first president, Sékou Touré, after Guinea gained independence in 1958, to be followed by two more national ballets, the Ballet d'Armee in 1961 and Ballet Djoliba in 1964.
Touré's policies alienated Guinea from the West and he followed the Eastern Bloc model of using the country's culture and music for promotional means. He and Fodéba Keïta, who had become a close friend of Touré, saw the ballets as a way to secularize traditional customs and rites of different ethnic groups in Guinea; the ballets combined rhythms and dances from different spiritual backgrounds in a single performance, which suited the aim of Touré's demystification program of "doing away with'fetishist' ritual practices". Touré generously supported the ballets and, until his death in 1984, financed extensive world-wide performance tours, which brought the djembe to the attention of Western audiences. Other countries followed Touré's example and founded national ballets in the 1960s, including Ivory Coast and Senegal, each with its own attached political agenda. In the United States, Ladji Camara, a member of Ballets Africains in the 1950s, started teaching djembe in the 1960s and continued to teach into the 1990s.
Camara performed extensively with Babatunde Olatunji during the 1970s raising awareness of the instrument in the US. After the death of Sekou Touré in 1984, funding for the ballets dried up and a number of djembefolas emigrated and made regular teaching and performance appearances in the west, including Mamady Keïta, Famoudou Konaté, Epizo Bangoura. A number of other djembefolas—M'bemba Bangoura, Abdoulaye Diakite, Bolokada Conde, Mohamed "Bangouraké" Bangoura, Babara Bangoura, among others—followed their example, creating a ready supply of expatriate performers and teachers in many western countries; the 1991 documentary Djembefola by Laurent Chevallier depicts Mamady Keïta's return to the village of his birth aft
The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California. Ranging from quintet to septet, the band is known for its eclectic style, which fused elements of rock, country, blues, modal jazz, experimental music and space rock, for live performances of lengthy instrumental jams, for their devoted fan base, known as "Deadheads". "Their music", writes Lenny Kaye, "touches on ground that most other groups don't know exists". These various influences were distilled into a diverse and psychedelic whole that made the Grateful Dead "the pioneering Godfathers of the jam band world"; the band was ranked 57th by Rolling Stone magazine in its The Greatest Artists of All Time issue. The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994 and a recording of their May 8, 1977, performance at Cornell University's Barton Hall was added to the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress in 2012; the Grateful Dead have sold more than 35 million albums worldwide. The Grateful Dead was founded in the San Francisco Bay Area amid the rise of the counterculture of the 1960s.
The founding members were Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, Phil Lesh, Bill Kreutzmann. Members of the Grateful Dead had played together in various San Francisco bands, including Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions and the Warlocks. Lesh was the last member to join the Warlocks. Drummer Mickey Hart and non-performing lyricist Robert Hunter joined in 1967. With the exception of McKernan, who died in 1973, Hart, who took time off from 1971 to 1974, the core of the band stayed together for its entire 30-year history; the other official members of the band are Tom Constanten, John Perry Barlow, Keith Godchaux, Donna Godchaux, Brent Mydland, Vince Welnick. Bruce Hornsby was a touring member from 1990 to 1992, as well as a guest with the band on occasion before and after the tours. After the death of Garcia in 1995, former members of the band, along with other musicians, toured as the Other Ones in 1998, 2000, 2002, the Dead in 2003, 2004, 2009. In 2015, the four surviving core members marked the band's 50th anniversary in a series of concerts that were billed as their last performances together.
There have been several spin-offs featuring one or more core members, such as Dead & Company, the Rhythm Devils, Phil Lesh and Friends, RatDog, Billy & the Kids. The Grateful Dead began their career as the Warlocks, a group formed in early 1965 from the remnants of a Palo Alto, California jug band called Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions; the band's first show was at Magoo's Pizza located at 639 Santa Cruz Avenue in suburban Menlo Park, on May 5, 1965. They continued playing bar shows as the Warlocks, but changed its name after finding out that the Velvet Underground had put out a record under the same name; the first show under the name Grateful Dead was in San Jose on December 4, 1965, at one of Ken Kesey's Acid Tests. Earlier demo tapes have survived, but the first of over 2,000 concerts known to have been recorded by the band's fans was a show at the Fillmore Auditorium in San Francisco on January 8, 1966; that month, the Grateful Dead played at the Trips Festival, an early psychedelic rock concert.
The name "Grateful Dead" was chosen from a dictionary. According to Phil Lesh, in his autobiography, "... picked up an old Britannica World Language Dictionary...... In that silvery elf-voice he said to me,'Hey, how about the Grateful Dead?'" The definition there was "the soul of a dead person, or his angel, showing gratitude to someone who, as an act of charity, arranged their burial". According to Alan Trist, director of the Grateful Dead's music publisher company Ice Nine, Garcia found the name in the Funk & Wagnalls Folklore Dictionary, when his finger landed on that phrase while playing a game of Fictionary. In the Garcia biography, Captain Trips, author Sandy Troy states that the band was smoking the psychedelic DMT at the time; the term "grateful dead" appears in folktales of a variety of cultures. Other supporting personnel who signed on early included Rock Scully, who heard of the band from Kesey and signed on as manager after meeting them at the Big Beat Acid Test. "We were living off of Owsley's good graces at that time....
Trip was he wanted to design equipment for us, we were going to have to be in sort of a lab situation for him to do it", said Garcia. One of the group's earliest major performances in 1967 was the Mantra-Rock Dance—a musical event held on January 29, 1967, at the Avalon Ballroom by the San Francisco Hare Krishna temple; the Grateful Dead performed at the event along with the Hare Krishna founder Bhaktivedanta Swami, poet Allen Ginsberg, bands Moby Grape and Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin, donating proceeds to the Krishna temple. The band's first LP, The Grateful Dead, was released on Warner Brothers in 1967. Classically trained trumpeter Phil Lesh performed on bass guitar. Bob Weir, the youngest original member of the group, played r
The Rhythm Devils are a band led by founding Grateful Dead drummer Bill Kreutzmann and drummer Mickey Hart, a Grateful Dead member for most of the band's existence. The Rhythm Devils had their origins as an informal but frequent fixture in the Grateful Dead concert repertoire. Starting in the mid-to-late 1970s, continuing until the Grateful Dead's last concert in 1995, most Grateful Dead concerts featured an extended segment during the 2nd set of improvisational drumming and percussion by Hart and Kreutzmann who took over the stage as a duo; this segment was variously known to fans as "Rhythm Devils", "Drums", or conversationally as "the drums", was followed in post-1979 concerts by another extended improvisation by the rest of the band without the drummers, known as "Space". The "Rhythm Devils" segment of a Grateful Dead concert always segued out of a full-band song, the "Space" segment invariably would segue into the beginnings of another full-band song as the drummers resumed their seats with the rest of the band.
The Grateful Dead album Dead Set has a characteristic example of a 1980 "Rhythm Devils" segment, titled as such, and, followed by a "Space" segment. The Rhythm Devils duo were formally recruited by director Francis Ford Coppola to record the soundtrack to the film Apocalypse Now. During 1979 and 1980, Hart and Kreutzmann, along with other musicians, Airto Moreira, Mike Hinton, Jim Loveless, Greg Errico, Jordan Amarantha, Phil Lesh and Flora Purim, recorded sessions at the Grateful Dead's Marin County studios and "The Barn", Hart's studio in Novato; the process included. The sounds were edited into the movie. An LP record titled The Apocalypse Now Sessions: The Rhythm Devils Play River Music was issued from those sessions. In October 1990, Rykodisc re-released the original 1980 LP. In addition to the Apocalypse Now sessions and Hart performed two live concerts as the Rhythm Devils on February 13 and 14, 1981; the live band consisted of the same musicians that contributed to the sessions including: Mike Hinton, Airto Moreira, Flora Purim, Phil Lesh and other various guests.
The 2006 lineup of the Rhythm Devils featured drummers Kreutzmann, Phish bassist Mike Gordon, guitarist Steve Kimock, with percussionist Sikiru Adepoju and vocalist Jen Durkin. The band toured throughout the US shortly thereafter. Former Dead lyricist Robert Hunter provides lyrics for a number of original songs, it was announced on the Gathering of the Vibes website that the Rhythm Devils would perform there in 2010 with a lineup of Bill Kreutzmann, Mickey Hart, Sikiru Adepoju, guitarists Keller Williams and Davy Knowles and bassist Andy Hess. This was followed by the announcement of several more dates a month later, they toured into early 2011 with Tim Bluhm replacing Keller for all dates after July 2010. A new lineup was announced for 2011 featuring Kreutzmann, Keller Williams, Steve Kimock and Reed Mathis; this combo has played one show - July 24, 2011 at the Gathering Of The Vibes Festival in Bridgeport CT. While the Rhythm Devils have not performed as a band since 2011, Mickey Hart acknowledged the possibility of more Rhythm Devils dates.
Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart have performed together since 2011 with the Disco Biscuits, 7 Walkers, Billy & the Kids, Dead & Company and at Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead. The Apocalypse Now Sessions: The Rhythm Devils Play River Music The Rhythm Devils Concert Experience Rhythm Devils Official site Rhythm Devils collection at the Internet Archive's live music archive
Ernest Joseph "Trey" Anastasio III is an American musician, singer and composer best known as the lead vocalist and guitarist for the rock band Phish, which he co-founded in 1983. He is credited by name as composer of 152 Phish original songs, 141 of them as a solo credit, in addition to 41 credits attributed to the band as a whole. In addition to his work with Phish, Anastasio has released 11 solo albums, is the leader of the Trey Anastasio Band and was the frontman for the groups Oysterhead and Surrender to the Air, he has performed with several symphony orchestras as part of his "Evenings with Trey Anastasio" series. Anastasio wrote the score for the Broadway musical Hands on a Hardbody, for which he was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Original Score at the 67th Tony Awards in 2013. Anastasio was born in Fort Worth and moved to Princeton, New Jersey, when he was three, his father, Ernest Anastasio Jr. was an executive vice president at the Educational Testing Service. His mother, was a children's book author and editor of Sesame Street Magazine.
He grew up with his sister Kristy. Anastasio attended Princeton public schools through the fourth grade transferred to Princeton Day School, he graduated from the Taft School along with Steven Pollack, better known as the Dude of Life, who helped pen such Phish compositions as "Suzy Greenberg", "Fluffhead", "Run Like An Antelope", "Slave to the Traffic Light", "Dinner and a Movie". At Taft, he formed Red Tide and Space Antelope. Anastasio attended the University of Goddard College. Anastasio enrolled at UVM as a philosophy major, where he met original Phish bandmates Jon Fishman, Mike Gordon, Jeff Holdsworth. On December 2, 1983 the group played their first gig in the Harris-Millis Cafeteria at UVM. Although referred to as an ROTC dance, this information is incorrect – it was in fact a Christmas semi-formal for Mike's dorm, which happened to house many ROTC students at the time; the setlist consisted of cover songs, including "Long Cool Woman" and "Proud Mary", performed twice. The band was primitive at this time and used hockey sticks as mic stands.
After performing one set, Michael Jackson's Thriller album was put on by a party-goer to drown out the band. The band were still paid for the performance. At UVM, he hosted Ambient Alarm Clock. While living at home for a semester, Anastasio met up with childhood friends Tom Marshall, his future writing partner, Marc Daubert who would join Phish as percussionist from September 1984 to February 1985. After seeing a Phish show, pianist Page McConnell joined Phish in the autumn of 1985. Anastasio, along with Jon Fishman, transferred to Goddard College. During this time he began a musical association and close friendship with composer Ernie Stires, who taught him composition and arranging. While at Goddard, he composed the song cycle The Man Who Stepped into Yesterday as his senior project; these songs became mainstays of the Phish catalog. He graduated from Goddard in 1988. Anastasio is a founding member of the rock band Phish, serving as lead guitarist and vocalist since their inception. Phish is noted for their musical improvisation, extended jams, exploration of a broad range of genres, original live performances.
Formed at the University of Vermont in 1983, the band includes vocalist Mike Gordon. Phish performed together for over 20 years, releasing 10 studio albums, before breaking up in August 2004, they reunited in March 2009 for a corresponding tour, released a reunion album Joy and have since resumed performing regularly. Bivouac Jaun in 1984 was a project featuring Anastasio, Phish lyricist Tom Marshall, one-time Phish percussionist Marc Daubert; the group recorded a four-track project during Phish's short hiatus in the summer of 1984. Much of the project would be retooled and featured on the first Phish album,The White Tape, in 1986. Bad Hat, formed in the spring of 1994, included Jon Fishman on drums, Jamie Masefield on mandolin, Stacey Starkweather on bass, they casually played improvisational jazz around Burlington, for a few months, with the first of several shows at Last Elm Cafe. They billed themselves as "the quietest band around". Surrender to the Air was a free jazz ensemble led by Anastasio and featuring Fishman, as well as Marshall Allen, Damon Choice, Michael Ray of the Sun Ra Orchestra, John Medeski, Marc Ribot, Oteil Burbridge and several other musicians.
The group performed two concerts at the New York City Arts Academy in April 1996 and disbanded shortly thereafter. The concerts, like the group's sole album, consisted of improvised music. Phil Lesh and Friends in 1999 featured Anastasio and Page McConnell, Grateful Dead members Phil Lesh and Donna Jean Godchaux, guitarist Steve Kimock, drummer John Molo performing three nights of Dead and Phish material at The Warfield in San Francisco, it was the first time members of both Phish and the Dead shared the stage together. On February 12, 2006, Anastasio joined Lesh again for a full show at the Beacon Theatre in New York City, he did so again on October 2007 in Glens Falls, New York. SerialPod is a trio featuring Anastasio and Bill Kreutzmann. On December 17, 2005, the band performed at the 14th annual Warren Haynes Christmas Jam in Asheville, North Carolina; the group performed a series of Grateful Dead and Phish classics, plus covers from Nirvana, Jimi Hendrix, others. Ivan Neville joined the group on keyboards for much
Robert Hall Weir is an American musician and songwriter best known as a founding member of the rock band Grateful Dead. After the Grateful Dead disbanded in 1995, Weir performed with The Other Ones known as The Dead, together with other former members of the Grateful Dead. Weir founded and played in several other bands during and after his career with the Grateful Dead, including Kingfish, the Bob Weir Band and the Midnites, Scaring the Children, RatDog, Furthur which he co-led with former Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh. In 2015, along with former Grateful Dead members Mickey Hart and Bill Kreutzmann, joined with Grammy-winning singer/guitarist John Mayer to form the band Dead & Company; the band remains active. During his career with the Grateful Dead, Weir played rhythm guitar and sang many of the band's rock-n-roll and country & western tunes. In 1994, he was inducted into The Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Grateful Dead. Weir was born in San Francisco, California to John Parber and a fellow college student, who gave him up for adoption.
He began playing guitar at age thirteen after less successful experimentation with the piano and the trumpet. He had trouble in school because of undiagnosed dyslexia and he was expelled from nearly every school he attended, including Menlo-Atherton High School in Atherton and Fountain Valley School in Colorado, where he met future Grateful Dead lyricist John Perry Barlow. On New Year's Eve, 1963, 16-year-old Weir and another underage friend were wandering the back alleys of Palo Alto, looking for a club that would admit them, when they heard banjo music, they followed the music to Dana Morgan's Music Store. Here, a young Jerry Garcia, oblivious to the date, was waiting for his students to arrive. Weir and Garcia spent the night playing music together and decided to form a band; the Beatles influenced their musical direction. "The Beatles were why we turned from a jug band into a rock'n' roll band," said Bob Weir. "What we saw them doing was impossibly attractive. I couldn't think of anything else more worth doing."
Called Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions, the band was renamed The Warlocks and the Grateful Dead. Weir played rhythm guitar and sang a large portion of the lead vocals through all of the Dead's 30-year career. In the fall of 1968, the Dead played some concerts without Ron "Pigpen" McKernan; these shows, with the band billed as "Mickey and the Hartbeats", were intermixed with full-lineup Grateful Dead concerts. In his biography of Jerry Garcia, Blair Jackson notes, "Garcia and Lesh determined that Weir and Pigpen were not pulling their weight musically in the band… Most of the band fights at this time were about Bobby's guitar playing." Late in the year, the band took Weir and Pigpen back in full-time. The incident led to a period of significant growth in Weir's guitar playing. Phil Lesh said that when drummer Mickey Hart left the band temporarily in early 1971, he was able to hear Weir's playing more than and "I found myself astonished and excited beyond measure at what Bobby was doing." Lesh described Weir's playing as "quirky and goofy" and noted his ability to play on the guitar chord voicings that one would hear from a keyboard.
In the late 1970s, Weir began to experiment with slide guitar techniques and perform certain songs during Dead shows using the slide. His unique guitar style is influenced by the hard bop pianist McCoy Tyner and he has cited artists as diverse as John Coltrane, the Rev. Gary Davis, Igor Stravinsky as influences. Weir's first solo album Ace appeared in 1972, with the Grateful Dead performing as the band on the album, though credited individually. Included in this line-up were Keith Godchaux and his wife Donna, both of whom would be in the band by the time of the album's release. A live version of the album's best-known song, "Playing in the Band", had been issued on the Skull & Roses album of the previous year. While continuing to perform as a member of the Grateful Dead, in 1975 and 1976 Weir played in the Bay Area band Kingfish with friends Matt Kelly and Dave Torbert, he contributed to Kelly's 1987 album A Wing and a Prayer, on Relix Records. In 1978 he fronted the Bob Weir Band with Brent Mydland, who joined the Grateful Dead the following year.
In 1980 he formed another side band and the Midnites. Shortly before Garcia's death in 1995, Weir formed another band, RatDog Revue shortened to RatDog. In RatDog Weir sings covers by The Beatles, Bob Dylan, Chuck Berry, Willie Dixon while performing many Grateful Dead songs. In addition, Ratdog performs many of their own originals, most of which were released on the album Evening Moods. In 2002, most notably bassist Robin Sylvester replaced founding bassist Rob Wasserman. Weir has participated in the various reformations of the Grateful Dead's members, including 1998, 2000, 2002 stints as The Other Ones and in 2003, 2004 and 2009 as The Dead. In 2008 he performed in the two Deadheads for Obama concerts. In 2009 Bob Weir and Phil Lesh formed a new band called Furthur—so-named in honor of Ken Kesey's famous psychedelically-painted bus. In 2011, Weir founded the Tamalpais Research Institute known as TRI Studios. TRI is a high-tech recording studio and virtual music venue, used to stream live concerts over the internet in high-definition.
In 2012, Weir toured with Chris Robinson of the Black Crowes, singer/songwriter Jackie Greene as the Weir, Robinson, & Greene Acoustic Trio. Weir resuscitated Ratdog in March 2013; the Ratdog Q
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was established on April 20, 1983, by Atlantic Records founder and chairman Ahmet Ertegun. In 1986, Cleveland was chosen as the Hall of Fame's permanent home. Founder Ahmet Ertegun assembled a team that included attorney Suzan Evans, Rolling Stone magazine editor and publisher Jann S. Wenner, attorney Allen Grubman, record executives Seymour Stein, Bob Krasnow, Noreen Woods; the Foundation began inducting artists in 1986. The search committee considered several cities, including Philadelphia, Detroit, New York City, Cleveland. Cleveland lobbied for the museum, with civic leaders in Cleveland pledging $65 million in public money to fund the construction, citing that WJW disc jockey Alan Freed both coined the term "rock and roll" and promoted the new genre—and that Cleveland was the location of Freed's Moondog Coronation Ball credited as the first major rock and roll concert.
Freed was a member of the hall of fame's inaugural class of inductees in 1986. In addition, Cleveland cited radio station WMMS, which played a key role in breaking several major acts in the U. S. during the 1970s and 1980s, including David Bowie, who began his first U. S. tour in the city, Bruce Springsteen, Roxy Music, Rush among many others. A petition drive was signed by 600,000 fans favoring Cleveland over Memphis, Cleveland ranked first in a 1986 USA Today poll asking where the Hall of Fame should be located. On May 5, 1986, the Hall of Fame Foundation chose Cleveland as the permanent home of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Author Peter Guralnick said. Cleveland may have been chosen as the organization's site because the city offered the best financial package; as The Plain Dealer music critic Michael Norman noted, "It was $65 million... Cleveland wanted it here and put up the money." Co-founder Jann Wenner said, "One of the small sad things is we didn't do it in New York in the first place," but added, "I am delighted that the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is in Cleveland."
During early discussions on where to build the Hall of Fame and Museum, the Foundation's board considered the Cuyahoga River. The chosen location was along East Ninth Street in downtown Cleveland by Lake Erie, east of Cleveland Stadium. At one point in the planning phase, when a financing gap existed, planners proposed locating the Rock Hall in the then-vacant May Company Building, but decided to commission architect I. M. Pei to design a new building. Initial CEO Dr. Larry R. Thompson facilitated I. M. Pei in designs for the site. Pei came up with the idea of a tower with a glass pyramid protruding from it; the museum tower was planned to stand 200 ft high, but had to be cut down to 162 ft due to its proximity to Burke Lakefront Airport. The building's base is 150,000 square feet; the groundbreaking ceremony took place on June 7, 1993. Pete Townshend, Chuck Berry, Billy Joel, Sam Phillips, Ruth Brown, Sam Moore of Sam and Dave, Carl Gardner of the Coasters and Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum all appeared at the groundbreaking.
The museum was dedicated on September 1, 1995, with the ribbon being cut by an ensemble that included Yoko Ono and Little Richard, among others, before a crowd of more than 10,000 people. The following night an all-star concert was held at the stadium, it featured Chuck Berry, Bob Dylan, Al Green, Jerry Lee Lewis, Aretha Franklin, Bruce Springsteen, Iggy Pop, John Fogerty, John Mellencamp, many others. In addition to the Hall of Fame inductees, the museum documents the entire history of rock and roll, regardless of induction status. Hall of Fame inductees are honored in a special exhibit located in a wing that juts out over Lake Erie. Since 1986, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has selected new inductees; the formal induction ceremony has been held in New York City 26 times. As of 2018, the induction ceremonies alternate each year between New Cleveland; the 2009 and 2012 induction weeks were made possible by a public–private partnership between the City of Cleveland, the State of Ohio, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, local foundations, civic organizations and individuals.
Collectively these entities invested $5.8 million in 2009 and $7.9 million in 2012 to produce a week of events, including free concerts, a gospel celebration, exhibition openings, free admission to the museum, induction ceremonies filled with both fans and VIPs at Public Hall. Millions viewed the television broadcast of the Cleveland inductions; the economic impact of the 2009 induction week activities was more than $13 million, it provided an additional $20 million in media exposure for the region. The 2012 induction week yielded similar results. There are seven levels in the building. On the lower level is the Ahmet M. Ertegun Exhibition Hall, the museum's main gallery, it includes exhibits on the roots of roll. It featu
Journey is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1973, composed of former members of Santana and Frumious Bandersnatch. The band has gone through several phases. During that period, the band released a series of hit songs, including "Don't Stop Believin'", which in 2009 became the top-selling track in iTunes history among songs not released in the 21st century, its parent studio album, the band's seventh and most successful, reached No. 1 on the Billboard 200 and yielded another of their most popular singles, "Open Arms". Its 1983 follow-up album, was as successful in the United States, reaching No. 2 and spawning several successful singles. Journey enjoyed a successful reunion in the mid-1990s and regrouped with a series of lead singers. Sales have resulted in two gold albums, eight multi-platinum albums, two diamond albums, they have had eighteen Top 40 singles in the U. S. six of which reached the Top 10 of the US chart and two of which reached No. 1 on other Billboard charts, a No. 6 hit on the UK Singles Chart in "Don't Stop Believin'".
In 2005, "Don't Stop Believin'" reached No. 3 on iTunes downloads. A progressive rock band, Journey was described by AllMusic as having cemented a reputation as "one of America's most beloved commercial rock/pop bands" by 1978, when they redefined their sound by embracing pop arrangements on their fourth album, Infinity. According to the Recording Industry Association of America, Journey has sold 48 million albums in the U. S. making them the 25th best-selling band. Their worldwide sales have reached over 75 million records, making them one of the world's best-selling bands of all time. A 2005 USA Today opinion poll named Journey the fifth-best U. S. rock band in history. Their songs have become arena rock staples and are still played on rock radio stations across the world. Journey ranks No. 96 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Journey was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with the class of 2017. Inductees included lead singer Steve Perry, guitarist Neal Schon, keyboardists Jonathan Cain and Gregg Rolie, bassist Ross Valory, drummers Aynsley Dunbar and Steve Smith.
The original members of Journey came together in San Francisco in 1973 under the auspices of former Santana manager Herbie Herbert. Called the Golden Gate Rhythm Section and intended to serve as a backup group for established Bay Area artists, the band included Santana alumni Neal Schon on lead guitar and Gregg Rolie on keyboards and lead vocals. Bassist Ross Valory and rhythm guitarist George Tickner, both of Frumious Bandersnatch, rounded out the group. Prairie Prince of The Tubes served as drummer; the band abandoned the "backup group" concept and developed a distinctive jazz fusion style. After an unsuccessful radio contest to name the group, roadie John Villanueva suggested the name "Journey"; the band's first public appearance came at the Winterland Ballroom on New Year’s Eve, 1973. Prairie Prince rejoined The Tubes shortly thereafter, the band hired British drummer Aynsley Dunbar, who had worked with Frank Zappa. On February 5, 1974, the new line-up made their debut at the Great American Music Hall and secured a recording contract with Columbia Records.
Journey released their eponymous debut album in 1975, rhythm guitarist Tickner left the band before they cut their second album, Look into the Future. Neither album achieved significant sales, so Schon and Dunbar took singing lessons in an attempt to add vocal harmonies to Rolie's lead; the following year's Next contained shorter tracks with more vocals, featured Neal Schon as lead singer on two of the songs. Journey's album sales did not improve and Columbia Records requested that they change their musical style and add a frontman, with whom keyboardist Gregg Rolie could share lead vocal duties; the band hired Robert Fleischman and transitioned to a more popular style, akin to that of Foreigner and Boston. Journey went on tour with Fleischman in 1977 and together the new incarnation of the band wrote the hit "Wheel in the Sky". In late 1977, Journey hired Steve Perry as their new lead singer. Herbie Herbert, the band's manager hired Roy Thomas Baker as a producer to add a layered sound approach as Baker had done with his previous band, Queen.
With their new lead singer and new producer, Journey released their fourth album, Infinity. This album was their first RIAA-certified platinum album, with their hit song "Wheel in the Sky", Journey set on a new path with a more mainstream sound to make their highest chart success to date. In late 1978, manager Herbie Herbert fired drummer Aynsley Dunbar, who joined Bay Area rivals Jefferson Starship shortly thereafter, he was replaced by Berklee-trained jazz drummer Steve Smith. Perry, Rolie and Valory recorded Evolution, which gave the band their first Billboard Hot 100 Top 20 single, "Lovin', Touchin', Squeezin'". Journey's newfound success brought the band an entirely new fan base. During the 1980 Departure world tour, the band recorded Captured. Keyboardist Gregg Rolie left the band, the second time in his career he left a successful act. Keyboardist Stevie "Keys" Roseman was brought in to record the lone studio track for Captured