Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1969
- "Top Records of 1969" (PDF). Billboard. Cincinnat, Ohio: Billboard Publications, Inc. December 27, 1969. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
|1||"Sugar, Sugar"||The Archies|
|2||"Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"||The 5th Dimension|
|3||"I Can't Get Next to You"||The Temptations|
|4||"Honky Tonk Women"||The Rolling Stones|
|5||"Everyday People"||Sly & the Family Stone|
|7||"Hot Fun in the Summertime"||Sly and the Family Stone|
|8||"I'll Never Fall in Love Again"||Tom Jones|
|9||"Build Me Up Buttercup"||The Foundations|
|10||"Crimson and Clover"||Tommy James and the Shondells|
|11||"One"||Three Dog Night|
|12||"Crystal Blue Persuasion"||Tommy James and the Shondells|
|14||"Too Busy Thinking About My Baby"||Marvin Gaye|
|15||"Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet"||Henry Mancini|
|16||"Get Together"||The Youngbloods|
|17||"Grazing in the Grass"||The Friends of Distinction|
|18||"Suspicious Minds"||Elvis Presley|
|19||"Proud Mary"||Creedence Clearwater Revival|
|20||"What Does It Take (To Win Your Love)"||Jr. Walker & The All Stars|
|21||"It's Your Thing"||The Isley Brothers|
|22||"Sweet Caroline"||Neil Diamond|
|24||"Bad Moon Rising"||Creedence Clearwater Revival|
|25||"Get Back"||The Beatles with Billy Preston|
|26||"In the Year 2525"||Zager & Evans|
|27||"Spinning Wheel"||Blood, Sweat & Tears|
|28||"Baby, I Love You"||Andy Kim|
|29||"Going in Circles"||The Friends of Distinction|
|30||"Hurt So Bad"||The Lettermen|
|31||"Green River"||Creedence Clearwater Revival|
|32||"My Cherie Amour"||Stevie Wonder|
|33||"Easy to Be Hard"||Three Dog Night|
|34||"Baby It's You"||Smith|
|35||"In the Ghetto"||Elvis Presley|
|36||"A Boy Named Sue"||Johnny Cash|
|37||"Baby, Baby Don't Cry"||The Miracles|
|38||"Only the Strong Survive"||Jerry Butler|
|39||"Time of the Season"||The Zombies|
|40||"Wedding Bell Blues"||The 5th Dimension|
|41||"Little Woman"||Bobby Sherman|
|42||"Love (Can Make You Happy)"||Mercy|
|43||"Good Morning Starshine"||Oliver|
|44||"These Eyes"||The Guess Who|
|45||"You've Made Me So Very Happy"||Blood, Sweat & Tears|
|46||"Put a Little Love in Your Heart"||Jackie DeShannon|
|47||"Do Your Thing"||The Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band|
|48||"I'd Wait a Million Years"||The Grass Roots|
|49||"Touch Me"||The Doors|
|50||"More Today Than Yesterday"||Spiral Starecase|
|51||"I've Gotta Be Me"||Sammy Davis Jr.|
|52||"Lay Lady Lay"||Bob Dylan|
|55||"It's Getting Better"||"Mama" Cass Elliot|
|56||"This Magic Moment"||Jay and the Americans|
|57||"Runaway Child, Running Wild"||The Temptations|
|58||"Hawaii Five-O"||The Ventures|
|60||"I'm Gonna Make You Mine"||Lou Christie|
|62||"Can I Change My Mind"||Tyrone Davis|
|63||"Time Is Tight"||Booker T & the M.G.'s|
|64||"This Girl's in Love With You"||Dionne Warwick|
|65||"Color Him Father"||The Winstons|
|66||"Black Pearl"||Checkmates, Ltd.|
|67||"Indian Giver"||1910 Fruitgum Company|
|68||"Mother Popcorn"||James Brown|
|69||"Twenty-Five Miles"||Edwin Starr|
|70||"Things I'd Like to Say"||New Colony Six|
|71||"When I Die"||Motherlode|
|72||"That's the Way Love Is"||Marvin Gaye|
|73||"Everybody's Talkin'"||Harry Nilsson|
|74||"The Worst That Could Happen"||Johnny Maestro & the Brooklyn Bridge|
|75||"The Chokin' Kind"||Joe Simon|
|76||"Smile a Little Smile for Me"||The Flying Machine|
|77||"Polk Salad Annie"||Tony Joe White|
|78||"Ruby, Don't Take Your Love to Town"||Kenny Rogers and The First Edition|
|79||"Games People Play"||Joe South|
|80||"You Showed Me"||The Turtles|
|81||"Tracy"||The Cuff Links|
|82||"Oh, What a Night"||The Dells|
|84||"This Girl Is a Woman Now"||Gary Puckett & The Union Gap|
|85||"Come Together"||The Beatles|
|86||"Ramblin' Gamblin' Man"||Bob Seger System|
|87||"I'm Gonna Make You Love Me"||The Supremes & The Temptations|
|88||"I Heard It Through the Grapevine"||Marvin Gaye|
|89||"Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'"||Crazy Elephant|
|90||"Hang 'Em High"||Booker T & the M.G.'s|
|91||"Your Good Thing (Is About to End)"||Lou Rawls|
|92||"Baby, I'm for Real"||The Originals|
|93||"Oh Happy Day"||Edwin Hawkins Singers|
|94||"Love Me Tonight"||Tom Jones|
|95||"Mr. Sun, Mr. Moon"||Paul Revere & the Raiders|
|96||"Laughing"||The Guess Who|
|97||"My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)"||David Ruffin|
|98||"Soul Deep"||The Box Tops|
|99||"Hooked on a Feeling"||B.J. Thomas|
|100||"Sweet Cream Ladies"||The Box Tops|
|Tie||"Let Me"||Paul Revere & the Raiders|
1. Billboard (magazine) – Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, video, opinion, reviews, events and it is also known for its music charts, including the Billboard Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular singles and albums in different genres. It also hosts events, owns a publishing firm, and operates several TV shows, Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson later acquired Hennegens interest in 1900 for $500, in the 1900s, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses, fairs and burlesque shows. It also created a service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the industry as the jukebox, phonograph. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment so that it could focus on music. After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegans children, until it was sold to investors in 1985. The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio, on November 1,1894 by William Donaldson, initially, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry and was called Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards, posters and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production, the first issues were just eight pages long. The paper had columns like The Bill Room Gossip and The Indefatigable, a department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896. The title was changed to The Billboard in 1897, after a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegans interest in the business in 1900 for $500, to save it from bankruptcy. That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, Chicago, San Francisco, London and he also re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment like fairs, carnivals, circuses, vaudeville and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of events in 1901. Billboard also covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism, economics and it had a stage gossip column covering the private lives of entertainers, a tent show section covering traveling shows and a sub-section called Freaks to order. According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson also published articles attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting good tasteBillboard (magazine) – An 1896 issue of Billboard
2. Billboard Hot 100 – The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for singles, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Chart rankings are based on sales, radio play and online streaming, the weekly sales period was originally Monday to Sunday, when Nielsen started tracking sales in 1991, but was changed to Friday to Thursday in July 2015. Radio airplay, which, unlike sales figures and streaming data, is available on a real-time basis. A new chart is compiled and officially released to the public by Billboard on Tuesdays, as of the issue for the week ending on April 15,2017, the Hot 100 has had 1,061 different number one hits. The current number one song is Shape of You by Ed Sheeran, prior to 1955, Billboard did not have a unified, all-encompassing popularity chart, instead measuring songs by individual metrics. At the start of the era in 1955, three such charts existed, Best Sellers in Stores was the first Billboard chart, established in 1936. This chart ranked the biggest selling singles in retail stores, as reported by merchants surveyed throughout the country, Most Played by Jockeys was Billboards original airplay chart. It ranked the most played songs on United States radio stations, as reported by radio disc jockeys, Most Played in Jukeboxes ranked the most played songs in jukeboxes across the United States. On the week ending November 12,1955, Billboard published The Top 100 for the first time, the Top 100 combined all aspects of a singles performance, based on a point system that typically gave sales more weight than radio airplay. The Best Sellers In Stores, Most Played by Jockeys and Most Played in Jukeboxes charts continued to be published concurrently with the new Top 100 chart. The week ending July 28,1958 was the publication of the Most Played By Jockeys and Top 100 charts. On August 4,1958, Billboard premiered one main all-genre singles chart, the Hot 100 quickly became the industry standard and Billboard discontinued the Best Sellers In Stores chart on October 13,1958. The Billboard Hot 100 is still the standard by which a songs popularity is measured in the United States, the Hot 100 is ranked by radio airplay audience impressions as measured by Nielsen BDS, sales data compiled by Nielsen Soundscan and streaming activity provided by online music sources. There are several component charts that contribute to the calculation of the Hot 100. Charts are ranked by number of gross audience impressions, computed by cross-referencing exact times of radio airplay with Arbitron listener data. Hot Singles Sales, the top selling singles compiled from a sample of retail store, mass merchant and internet sales reports collected, compiled. The chart is released weekly and measures sales of commercial singles. With the decline in sales of singles in the USBillboard Hot 100 – The Billboard logo
3. 1969 in music – List of notable events in music that took place in the year 1969. Perhaps the two most famous events of 1969 were concerts. At a Rolling Stones concert in Altamont, California, a fan was stabbed to death by Hells Angels, in retrospect, some commentators have concluded that the violence signaled the end of the hippie movement, which espoused an ethos of free love and peace. One of those who performed was Ravi Shankar, his presence reflecting a growing interest in Indian and other Eastern music, the Isle of Wight Festival saw the return of Bob Dylan to live music after his motorbike accident in 1966. David Bowies Space Oddity became a hit in this year. King Crimsons In the Court of the Crimson King is an album in the development of progressive rock. The album drew upon influences like Procol Harum, The Moody Blues and The Nice to form a sound melding rock, the Stooges eponymous debut, The Stooges, was also released this year to little critical or popular acceptance. The album, however, went on to one of the most important recordings in the early development of punk rock. Johnny Cashs At San Quentin included his only Top Ten pop hit, the album was a sequel to last years At Folsom Prison. Creedence Clearwater Revival cement their success from the previous year, during 1969, Creedence Clearwater Revival had number 2 hits in the US with Proud Mary, Green River and Bad Moon Rising, and also have a number 3 hit with Down on the Corner/Fortunate Son. Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso released enormously popular albums in Brazil, Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso, the pairs fusion of bossa nova, samba and other native Brazilian folk influences, melded with politically and socially aware lyrics, kickstarted what came to be known as Tropicalia. Both musicians moved to London after a period of imprisonment for anti-government activities in Brazil, Family released their second album, Family Entertainment, in their native Britain. It is their first top 10 album in the United Kingdom, the Weavers Answer, which opens the record, becomes their most popular song in their concert performances. By the end of the year, however, they lose, Elvis Presley returned to live performances at the International Hotel in Las Vegas, breaking all attendance records in his 57-concert run. He also enjoyed success with his songs In the Ghetto. The composition won three Grammy Awards, Best Instrumental Composition, Best Contemporary-Pop Performance, Instrumental, and Best Instrumental Arrangement, alexander von Schlippenbach’s The Living Music, recorded a couple of months earlier, is also now regarded as a pioneering work. Chutney music was also first recorded in 1969, in Trinidad, New York City Ballet celebrates their 25th anniversary with performances at the David H. Koch Theater Lincoln Center. January 12 – Led Zeppelins eponymous debut album released, January 18 – Pete Best wins his defamation lawsuit against The Beatles1969 in music – John Lennon rehearses " Give Peace a Chance ", 1969.
4. Sugar, Sugar – Sugar, Sugar is a song written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim. It was originally recorded by the Archies, a formed by a group of fictional teenagers in the television cartoon series The Archie Show. It reached number one in the US on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1969 and it was also number one on the UK Singles chart in that same year for eight weeks. The song became a hit again in 1970 when rhythm and blues, Sugar, Sugar by the Archies was produced by Jeff Barry, and the song was originally released on the album Everythings Archie. The album is the product of a group of studio musicians managed by Don Kirshner, ron Dantes lead vocals were accompanied by those of Toni Wine, and Andy Kim. Together they provided the voices of the Archies using multitracking, upon its initial release, Kirshner had promotion men play it for radio station execs without telling them the name of the group. Only after most of the DJs liked the song were they told that it was performed by a cartoon group. In 2014, Sugar, Sugar was used in the documentary Fed Up during a montage demonstrating the correlation between the quantities of sugar in processed foods and obesity in the United States. The song is said to have been offered to The Monkees. Don Kirshner has said that Mike Nesmith put his fist through the wall of the Beverly Hills Hotel refusing to do Sugar, Sugar, however, the fist incident took place in early 1967, whereas Sugar, Sugar was written in early 1969. Peter Tork claimed in an interview that the band was offered the song Sugar, Sugar, the Archies Sugar, Sugar was the 1969 number-one single of the year. In total, it spent 22 weeks in the Billboard Hot 100, the song lists at number 78 on Billboards Greatest of All Time Hot 100 Singles. It also peaked at one in the South African Singles Chart, on February 5,2006, Sugar, Sugar was inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, as co-writer Andy Kim is originally from Montreal, Quebec. In the United States, Sugar, Sugar was classified by the RIAA as a record in August 1969. The single also topped the 1969 Billboard Year-End chart, Sugar, Sugar is listed as the 78th top hit of all-time in Billboards all-time singles chart. Nevertheless, following the introduction of music downloads in 2004, Sugar, Sugar passed the sales mark. Picketts rendition of the song was produced by Dave Crawford, Jerry Wexler, Rick Hall, the track was released by Atlantic Records as the second single from his tenth studio album Right On. Wilson Picketts cover of Sugar, Sugar peaked at number 25 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and it also reached number 4 on the R&B chartSugar, Sugar – "Sugar, Sugar"
5. The Archies – The group is also known for their real world success, through a virtual band. The fictional bands music was recorded by musicians, featuring Ron Dante on lead vocals and Toni Wine on duet and backing vocals. Their most successful song, Sugar, Sugar, became one of the biggest hits of the pop genre that flourished from 1968 to 1972. The Archies play a variety of popular music, consistent with the era in which the comic is drawn. They seem to have a preference for rock and roll, however, Betty Cooper and Veronica Lodge later also joined the group. Every member sings vocals, with Jughead handling the bass voice on a few tracks, though their singing voices were soft and appropriate for pop vocals, their speaking voices are much different. Six-string bass guitars do exist, however, and the Archies recordings regularly featured a bass player, in more than one comic strip, Reggie is described as playing bass. Finally, in the notes for 2008s The Archies Christmas Album. One distribution mode for the Archies music was cereal boxes, a record was embossed directly into the back of a box such that the record could be cut out. Though the group no longer appears in animation, they are frequently used in stories published by Archie Comics. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, animated series often featured musical groups that were fictional or sometimes based on real life musicians and this dates at least as far back as 1961 with Alvin and the Chipmunks, but the Archies helped popularize the concept. Most of these groups played bubblegum pop, several were also teenage detectives, influenced by Scooby-Doo. These groups included The Groovie Goolies, The Hardy Boys, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids, The Banana Splits, The Cattanooga Cats, The Chan Clan, animated versions of The Jackson 5ive, the Osmond Brothers, the Partridge Family, and The Brady Bunch also existed. The Archies are mentioned in an episode of The Simpsons titled Marges Son Poisoning, a set of studio musicians was assembled by Don Kirshner in 1968 to perform various songs. The most famous is Sugar, Sugar, written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim, which went to one on the pop chart in 1969, sold over six million copies. In Billboards Hot 100, it was ranked as the one song of that year. Other Top 40 songs recorded by the Archies include Whos Your Baby, Jingle Jangle also sold over one million copies, garnering a second gold disc award. Male vocals for the fictional Archies group were provided by The Cuff Links lead singer Ron Dante, the only Archies song not to feature Ron Dante on lead was 1971s Love Is Living In You, sung by Bob Levine and produced by Ritchie AdamsThe Archies – The Archies
6. Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In – The song peaked at number one for six weeks on the US Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart in the spring of 1969. The single topped the American pop charts and was certified platinum in the U. S. by the RIAA. The song listed at number 66 on Billboards Greatest Songs of All Time and this song was one of the most popular songs of 1969 worldwide, and in the United States it reached the number one position on both the Billboard Hot 100 and the Billboard Adult Contemporaries Chart. It also reached the top of the charts in Canada. Billboard ranked it as the No.2 record overall for 1969. The lyrics of song were based on the astrological belief that the world would soon be entering the Age of Aquarius, an age of love, light. The exact circumstances for the change are When the moon is in the seventh house and this change was presumed to occur at the end of the 20th century, however, astrologers differ extremely widely as to when. Their proposed dates range from 2062 to 2680, astrologer Neil Spencer denounced the lyrics as astrological gibberish, noting that Jupiter aligns with Mars several times a year and the moon is in the 7th House for two hours every day. These lines are considered by many to be poetic license. The American Film Institutes 100 Years.100 Songs list, published in 2004, ranked Medley, the crowd at the Woodstock Festival sang the song. The recording is featured on the double album Woodstock Two, Donna Summer, then Donna Gaines, was cast in the German version of the musical singing the lead in Wassermann, in 1968. Checkmates, Ltd. released a version of the song as part of The Hair Anthology Suite on their 1969 album, ray Stevens recorded Aquarius for his 1969 studio album Have a Little Talk with Myself. Cilla Black recorded the song for her 1969 studio album Surround Yourself with Cilla, engelbert Humperdinck recorded a cover of the song on his 1969 self-titled album. Andy Williams released a version in 1969 on his album, Get Together with Andy Williams, mercy released a version of the song on their 1969 album, Love Can Make You Happy. The instrumental band the Ventures covered the medley on their 1969 album Hawaii Five-O. Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In was also covered by the Osmonds on the 1970 album, the Undisputed Truth recorded a version called Aquarius for their 1971 self-titled LP. Charles Earland, a jazz Hammond organ player, recorded a version of song in his album Black Talk. George Shearing, a player, recorded a version of the song in 1974 on the album The Way We Are. Ren Woods Sang the song in the scene of the 1979 film adaption of the playAquarius/Let the Sunshine In – "Medley: Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)"
7. The 5th Dimension – The 5th Dimension is an American popular music vocal group, whose repertoire includes pop, R&B, soul, jazz, light opera and Broadway—the melange was coined as Champagne Soul. Formed as The Versatiles in late 1965, the changed its name to the hipper The 5th Dimension by 1966. The five original members were Billy Davis Jr. Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamonte McLemore and they have recorded for several labels over their long careers. Their first work appeared on the Soul City label, which was started by Imperial Records/United Artists Records recording artist Johnny Rivers, the group later recorded for Bell/Arista Records, ABC Records, and Motown Records. Some of the songwriters popularized by the 5th Dimension went on to careers of their own, especially Ashford & Simpson, who wrote California Soul. In the early 1960s, Lamonte McLemore and Marilyn McCoo got together with three friends from Los Angeles — Harry Elston, Lawrence Summers. and Fritz Baskett — to form a group called the Hi-Fis. In 1963, they sang at clubs while taking lessons from a vocal coach. In 1964, they came to the attention of Ray Charles and he produced a single by the group, Lonesome Mood, a jazz-type song that gained local attention. However, internal disagreements caused Elston to go his way, eventually leading to his forming the Friends of Distinction, with latter day Hi-Fis member, McLemore sought to form another group and started looking for members to join him and McCoo. McCoo, who had studied with the vocal coach Eddie Beal, had appeared in high school. His grandmother fostered his career by arranging for private voice and acting lessons as he grew up, in his teens, he toured with Dorothy Dandridge and Nat King Cole, joined the Wings Over Jordan Choir, and played a small part in the film Porgy and Bess. He demonstrated his skill as a classical artist by placing third in the Metropolitan Opera auditions held in St. Louis, after finishing high school, he worked his way through Lincoln University by conducting the school and church choir. After graduating, he organized his own 25-member gospel choir, another of McLemores friends from St. Louis days, Billy Davis Jr. started singing in gospel choirs at an early age. He later saved enough money to buy a cocktail lounge in St. Louis, when asked to join McLemores new group, he agreed, while hoping for a solo contract from Motown. The members began rehearsing as the Versatiles in late 1965 and auditioned for Marc Gordon, who headed Motowns Los Angeles office. Although the groups demo tape was rejected by Motown, Gordon agreed to them and brought them to the attention of Johnny Rivers. Their first Soul City single, Ill Be Lovin You Forever, was a successful single, in 1965 The Mamas & the Papas first single, lead member John Phillips Go Where You Wanna Go, failed to open the foursomes chart career. The budding songwriter Jimmy Webb supplied the group with their hit, Up, Up and AwayThe 5th Dimension – The 5th Dimension in 1969. Back row: Townson and McLemore. Front row: LaRue, Davis, and McCoo.
8. The Temptations – The Temptations are an American vocal group known for their success with Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s. Known for their choreography, distinct harmonies, and flashy wardrobe, having sold tens of millions of albums, the Temptations are one of the most successful groups in music history. As of 2015, the Temptations continue to perform with one member, Otis Williams. Featuring five male vocalists and dancers, the formed in 1960 in Detroit. In 1964, Bryant was replaced by David Ruffin, who was the lead vocalist on a number of the groups biggest hits, including My Girl, Aint Too Proud to Beg, and I Wish It Would Rain. Ruffin was replaced in 1968 by Dennis Edwards, with whom the group continued to record hit records such as Cloud Nine, the groups lineup has changed frequently since the departures of Kendricks and Paul Williams from the act in 1971. Over the course of their career, the Temptations have released four Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles and fourteen R&B number-one singles, and their material has earned them three Grammy Awards. The Temptations were the first Motown recording act to win a Grammy Award - for Cloud Nine in 1969 -, six of the Temptations were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989. Three classic Temptations songs, My Girl, Just My Imagination, the Temptations were also ranked at number 68 on Rolling Stone magazines list of the 100 Greatest Artists of all time. Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams started singing together in church as children, by their teenage years, they formed a doo-wop quartet in 1955 with Kell Osborne and Wiley Waller, naming themselves the Cavaliers. After Waller left the group in 1957, the trio left Birmingham to break into the music business. The group settled in Detroit where they changed their name to the Primes under the direction of Milton Jenkins, the Primes soon became well known around the Detroit area for their meticulous performances. Jenkins later created a group, The Primettes, later known as the Supremes. Kendricks was already seen as an idol in the Detroit area while Williams was well received for his baritone vocals. Texas teenager Otis Williams moved to Detroit as a youngster to be with his mother, by 1958, Williams was the leader of a vocal group named Otis Williams and the Siberians. The group included Elbridge Al Bryant, James Pee-Wee Crawford, Vernard Plain, the group recorded a song, Pecos Kid for a label run by radio deejay Senator Bristol Bryant. Shortly after its release, the changed its name to The El Domingoes. Following this, Montgomery native Melvin Franklin replaced Arthur Walton as bass vocalist and Franklins cousin, Detroit-born Richard Street, signing with Johnnie Mae Matthews Northern Records, the group had their name changed again to The DistantsThe Temptations – The "Classic 5" lineup of the Temptations: David Ruffin (bottom left), Melvin Franklin (top left), Paul Williams (top right), Otis Williams (bottom right), and Eddie Kendricks (center) c. 1965.
9. Honky Tonk Women – Honky Tonk Women is a 1969 hit song by The Rolling Stones. Released as a single release, on 4 July 1969 in the United Kingdom. I met a gin soaked bar-room queen in Memphis Im sittin in a bar, tippin a jar in Jackson The band initially recorded the track called Country Honk, Brian Jones was present during these sessions and may have played on the first handful of takes and demos. It was his last recording session with the band, the song was transformed into the familiar electric, riff-based hit single Honky Tonk Women sometime in the spring of 1969, prior to Mick Taylors joining the group. In an interview in the magazine Crawdaddy, richards credits Taylor for influencing the track. The song was written as a real Hank Williams/Jimmie Rodgers/1930s country song. And it got turned around to this other thing by Mick Taylor, however, in 1979 Taylor recalled it this way, I definitely added something to Honky Tonk Women, but it was more or less complete by the time I arrived and did my overdubs. Honky Tonk Women is distinctive as it not with a guitar riff. The Rolling Stones producer Jimmy Miller performed the cowbell for the recording, the concert rendition of Honky Tonk Women on Get Yer Ya-Yas Out. Differs significantly from the hit, with a markedly dissimilar guitar introduction. During the North American leg of the 1989 Steel Wheels tour, there was an animated live visual for this song when it was performed in concert around 2002 and 2003. It featured a woman riding on the Rolling Stones tongue who was seen in the beginning of the concert. The single was released in the UK the day after the death of founding member Brian Jones where it remained on the charts for 5 weeks peaking at No.1 and you Cant Always Get What You Want was the singles B-side. The song topped the US Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks from 23 August 1969 and it was later released on the compilation album Through the Past, Darkly in September. Billboard ranked it as the No.4 song overall for 1969, at the time of its release Rolling Stone hailed Honky Tonk Women as likely the strongest three minutes of rock and roll yet released in 1969. It was ranked No.116 on the list of Rolling Stones 500 Greatest Songs of All Time in April 2010, the song was later put into the track listing for the video game Band Hero. Concert versions of Honky Tonk Women are included on the albums Get Yer Ya-Yas Out, love You Live, Live Licks, Sweet Summer Sun, Hyde Park Live, and Totally Stripped. Ike & Tina Turner covered the song on their 1969 album, waylon Jennings covered the song on his 1970 LP Singer of Sad SongsHonky Tonk Women – "Honky Tonk Women"
10. The Rolling Stones – The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962. The original line-up consisted of Brian Jones, Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Bill Wyman, Charlie Watts, Stewart was removed from the official line-up in 1963 but continued as a touring member until his death in 1985. Jones left the less than a month prior to his death in 1969, having already been replaced by Mick Taylor. After Taylor left the band, Ronnie Wood took his place in 1975 and has been on guitar in tandem with Richards ever since, following Wymans departure in 1993, Darryl Jones joined as their touring bassist. Other touring keyboardists for the band have been Nicky Hopkins, Billy Preston, the band was first led by Jones, but after teaming as the bands songwriters, Jagger and Richards assumed leadership while Jones dealt with legal and personal troubles. The Rolling Stones were at the forefront of the British Invasion of bands that became popular in the US in 1964, and identified with the youthful and rebellious counterculture of the 1960s. Rooted in blues and early rock and roll, the group began a period of musical experimentation in the mid-1960s that peaked with the psychedelic album Their Satanic Majesties Request. During this period, they were first introduced on stage as The Worlds Greatest Rock, the band continued to release commercially successful records in the 1970s and sold many albums, including Some Girls and Tattoo You, which were their most popular albums worldwide. From 1983 to 1987, tensions between Jagger and Richards almost caused the band to split, however, they managed to patch up their friendship in 1987. They separated temporarily to work on projects and experienced a comeback with Steel Wheels. Since the 1990s, new recorded material from the group has been increasingly less well-received, despite this, the Rolling Stones have continued to be a huge attraction on the live circuit, with stadium tours in the 1990s and 2000s. By 2007, the band had four of the top five highest-grossing concert tours of all time, Voodoo Lounge Tour, Bridges to Babylon Tour, Licks Tour and A Bigger Bang Tour. The Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989, Rolling Stone magazine ranked them fourth on the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time list and their estimated album sales are above 250 million. They have released 30 studio albums,18 live albums and numerous compilations, Let It Bleed was their first of five consecutive number one studio and live albums in the UK. Sticky Fingers was the first of eight number one studio albums in the US. In 2008, the band ranked 10th on the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists chart, in 2012, the band celebrated its 50th anniversary. Keith Richards and Mick Jagger were childhood friends and classmates in Dartford, Kent, Jagger had formed a garage band with Dick Taylor, mainly playing Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Howlin Wolf and Bo Diddley material. Jagger met Richards again in 1960 on platform two of Dartford railway station, the Chuck Berry and Muddy Waters records that Jagger carried revealed a common interest that prompted their musical partnershipThe Rolling Stones – The Rolling Stones performing at Summerfest festival in June 2015 Left to right: Charlie Watts (drums), Ronnie Wood (rhythm guitar), Mick Jagger (vocals), Keith Richards (lead guitar)
11. Everyday People – Everyday People is a 1968 song by Sly and the Family Stone. It was the first single by the band to go to one on the Soul singles chart. It held that position, on the Hot 100, for four weeks from February 15 to March 14,1969, Billboard ranked it as the No.5 song of 1969. As with most of Sly & the Family Stones songs, Sly Stone was credited as the sole songwriter, the song is one of Sly Stones pleas for peace and equality between differing races and social groups, a major theme and focus for the band. The Family Stone featured Caucasians Greg Errico and Jerry Martini in its lineup, as well as females Rose Stone and Cynthia Robinson, Sly & the Family Stones message was about peace and equality through music, and this song reflects the same. Unlike the bands more typically funky and psychedelic records, Everyday People is a number with a more mainstream pop feel. Sly, singing the verses for the song, explains that he is no better /. Slys sister Rose Stone sings bridging sections that mock the futility of people hating each other for being tall, short, rich, poor, fat, skinny, white, black, or anything else. The bridges of the contain the line different strokes for different folks. Bassist Larry Graham contends that the featured the first instance of the slap bass technique. The technique involves striking a string with the thumb of the hand so that the string collides with the frets. Later slap bass songs – for example, Grahams performance on Thank You – expanded on the technique, Everyday People was included on the bands classic album Stand. which sold over three million copies. Mullen, Ta Mara and the Seen among many others, hip-hop group Arrested Development used the song as the basis of their 1992 hit, People Everyday, which reached #2 on the UK Singles Chart and #8 on the Hot 100. Dolly Partons previously unreleased 1980 cover of the song was included as a track on the 2009 reissue of her 9 to 5. It was also featured in a series of television commercials for Toyota automobiles in the late 1990s, for Smarties candy in 2008. Rolling Stone ranked Everyday People as #145 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, Everyday People is prominently featured in the opening sequence of the 2008 romantic comedy film Definitely, Maybe. The lead character, Will Hayes, calls it his perfect song for that particular day and it can also be heard in the film Purple Haze. The songs title is mentioned in the hit song by Sly, Soul singer Billy Paul covered the song on his 1970 album Ebony WomanEveryday People – "Everyday People"
12. Dizzy (Tommy Roe song) – Dizzy is a song originally recorded by Tommy Roe, with instrumental backing from L. A. session musicians known as the Wrecking Crew, which was an international hit single in 1969. Dizzy has eleven key changes total between a total of four keys, one key is used for the verses, while the choruses get three keys. The key used for the verses is the lowest, while the start off in a higher key, quickly increases to an even higher key. It was subsequently recorded by such artists as Boney M, Mike Melvoin. In 1989, it was sampled by De La Soul on a remix by Chad Jackson of their track The Magic Number from their album Three Feet High, in 1994 it was covered by Babe on their album 4 Babe pesme, the Babe version being entitled Dizel. In 2005, Dizzy was used in the soundtrack of The Sandlot 2 and this added another key change to the eleven that already exist. The music video features Reeves and the band performing on stage, vics comedy partner Bob Mortimer appears in the background with Wonder Stuff frontman Miles Hunt, playing a tambourine and singing backing vocals. This version appeared on the PlayStation 2 videogame, Dancing Stage Max, darts player Dave Chisnall uses this version as his walk-on stage song. The Reeves arrangement was recorded by Bob the Builder, with the lyrics referring to Bobs concrete mixer, DizzyDizzy (Tommy Roe song) – "Dizzy"
13. Tommy Roe – Thomas David Tommy Roe is an American pop music singer-songwriter. Roe was raised in Atlanta where he attended Brown High School, after graduating, he landed a job at General Electric soldering wires. He had a Billboard number 1 hit in the U. S. a buildup of global sales of Sheila meant that the R. I. A. A. Did not present the record until 1969. When Sheila became a hit, ABC-Paramount Records asked him to go on tour to promote the hit and he was reluctant to give up his secure job at GE until ABC-Paramount advanced him $5,000. However, in March 1963, the UK music magazine NME reported that he, late that year Roe scored a Top 10 hit with Everybody, which reached US number 3 and UK number 9, and The Folk Singer written by Merle Kilgore was also popular. Following a more successful tour of the United Kingdom by his friend Roy Orbison, Roe toured there, in 1964 Roe recorded a song written by Buzz Cason entitled, Diane From Manchester Square. It was a story in song about a girl called Diane, who worked in an office at EMI House. Sales of this single in the UK were poor, and it failed to chart, during the 1960s, he had several more Top 40 hits, including 1966s number 8 Sweet Pea and number 6 Hooray for Hazel. In 1969, his song Dizzy went to number 1 on the UK Singles Chart, number 1 in Canada and this transatlantic chart-topper sold two million copies by mid-April 1969, giving him his third gold disc award. S. and number 5 in Canada. In 1986 Roe was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame, and his pioneering contribution to the genre has been recognized by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. comTommy Roe – Tommy Roe in 1970
14. Hot Fun in the Summertime – Hot Fun in the Summertime is a 1969 song recorded by Sly and the Family Stone. The single was released in the wake of the bands performance at Woodstock. The song peaked at number 2 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart and it is ranked as the seventh biggest U. S. hit of 1969, and the 65th in Canada. Rolling Stone ranked the song #247 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, music and AskMen as an all-time summer anthem. Thematically, Hot Fun in the Summertime is a dedication to the fun and this song is known for its rare use of strings in a Sly and the Family Stone song, featuring violins being played in the upper register. The B-side to this single is Fun, a song taken from the third album from 1968. The track was covered by the Beach Boys on their 1992 album Summer in Paradise, the song was also released as a single during that same year, backed with Summer of Love. A video was made to accompany the song and it was performed on stage in HBOs 1981 television special The Pee-wee Herman Show. The song was covered by The Party, which was supposed to be on their 1992 album, Free. It was covered in 1982 with somewhat greater success by a funk outfit known as Dayton. Genesis vocalist and drummer Phil Collins cited the song as one of the inspirations for Misunderstanding. The members of Toto have also cited it as an inspiration for Hold the Line, written and produced - Sly Stone Lyrics of this song at MetroLyricsHot Fun in the Summertime – "Hot Fun in the Summertime"
15. Sly and the Family Stone – Sly and the Family Stone was an American band from San Francisco. Active from 1966 to 1983, the band was pivotal in the development of funk, soul, rock, the band was the first major American rock group to have an integrated, multi-gender lineup. Formed in 1966, the groups music synthesized a variety of musical genres to help pioneer the emerging psychedelic soul sound. In the 1970s, the band transitioned into a darker and less commercial sound on releases such as Theres a Riot Goin On and Fresh. The work of Sly and the Family Stone greatly influenced the sound of subsequent American funk, pop, soul, R&B, and hip hop music. In 2010, they were ranked 43rd in Rolling Stone list of The 100 Greatest Artists of All-Time, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993. Sly Stone was a member of a deeply religious middle-class household from Dallas, Texas, K. C. and Alpha Stewart held the family together under the doctrines of the Church of God in Christ and encouraged musical expression in the household. While attending high school, Sylvester and Freddie joined student bands, One of Sylvesters high school musical groups was a doo-wop act called The Viscaynes, in which he and a Filipino teenager were the only non-white members. The Viscaynes released a few singles, and Sylvester recorded several solo singles under the name Danny Stewart. By 1964, Sylvester had become Sly Stone and a jockey for San Francisco R&B radio station KSOL. During the same period, he worked as a producer for Autumn Records, producing for San Francisco-area bands such as The Beau Brummels. One of the Sylvester Stewart-produced Autumn singles, Bobby Freemans Cmon, Stewart recorded unsuccessful solo singles while at Autumn. In 1966, Sly Stone formed a band called Sly & the Stoners, around the same time, Freddie founded a band called Freddie & the Stone Souls, which included Gregg Errico on drums, and Ronnie Crawford on saxophone. At the suggestion of Stones friend, saxophonist Jerry Martini, Sly and Freddie combined their bands, creating Sly and the Family Stone in November 1966. At first the group was called Sly Brothers and Sisters but after their first gig at the Winchester Cathedral in Redwood City they changed the name to Sly & the Family Stone. Since both Sly and Freddie were guitarists, Sly appointed Freddie the official guitarist for the Family Stone, meanwhile, Sly recruited Larry Graham to play bass guitar. Vanetta Stewart wanted to join the band as well and she and her friends, Mary McCreary and Elva Mouton, had a gospel group called The Heavenly Tones. Sly recruited the teenagers directly out of school to become Little Sister, SlySly and the Family Stone – Sly and the Family Stone in 1969. Clockwise from top: Larry Graham, Freddie Stone, Greg Errico, Sly Stone, Rose Stone, Cynthia Robinson, and Jerry Martini. A similar photograph was used as the cover of Rolling Stone No. 54 (March 19, 1970).
16. Tom Jones (singer) – Sir Thomas John Woodward OBE is a Welsh singer known by his stage name Tom Jones. Joness powerful voice has been described as a full-throated, robust baritone and his performing range has included pop, rock, R&B, show tunes, country, dance, soul and gospel. In 2008, the New York Times called Jones a musical shape shifter, who could slide from soulful rasp to pop croon, with a voice as husky as it was pretty. Jones received a Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 1966, an MTV Video Music Award in 1989, Jones was awarded an OBE in 1999 and in 2006 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for services to music. Jones was born Thomas John Woodward, at 57 Kingsland Terrace, Treforest, Pontypridd, in Glamorgan and his parents were Thomas Woodward, a coal miner, and Freda Jones. His maternal grandfather, Albert Jones, was Welsh, and his grandmother, Ada Jones, was born in Pontypridd, to parents from Somerset. Jones attended Wood Road Infants School, Wood Road Junior School and he began singing at an early age, He would regularly sing at family gatherings, weddings and in his school choir. Jones did not like school or sports, but gained confidence through his singing talent, at 12 he was diagnosed with tuberculosis. Many years later he said, I spent two years in bed recovering and it was the worst time of my life. During convalescence he could do little else but listen to music, Joness bluesy singing style developed out of the sound of American soul music. His early influences included blues and R&B singers Little Richard, Solomon Burke, Jackie Wilson and Brook Benton, as well as Elvis Presley, in March 1957 Jones married his high school girlfriend, Linda Trenchard when they were expecting a child together, both aged 16. The couples son, Mark, was born in the month following their wedding, to support his young family Jones took a job working in a glove factory and was later employed in construction. Joness voice has been described as a full-throated, robust baritone and he became the frontman in 1963 for Tommy Scott and the Senators, a Welsh beat group. They soon gained a following and reputation in South Wales. In 1964, the group recorded several tracks with producer Joe Meek, who took them to various labels. Later that year, Decca producer Peter Sullivan saw Tommy Scott and the Senators performing in a club and directed them to manager Phil Solomon, the group continued to play gigs at dance halls and working mens clubs in South Wales. One night at the Top Hat in Cwmtillery, Wales, Jones was spotted by Gordon Mills, Mills became Joness manager and took the young singer to London, and also renamed him Tom Jones, to exploit the popularity of the Academy Award-winning 1963 film. Eventually, Mills got Jones a recording contract with Decca and his first single, Chills and Fever, was released in late 1964Tom Jones (singer) – Jones singing at House of Blues, Anaheim, California, 10 March 2009
17. Build Me Up Buttercup – Build Me Up Buttercup is a song written by Mike dAbo and Tony Macaulay, and released by The Foundations in 1968 with Colin Young singing lead vocals. Young had replaced Clem Curtis during 1968 and this was the first Foundations hit on which he sang and it hit #1 on the Cash Box Top 100 and #3 on the US Billboard Hot 100 in early 1969. It was also a #2 hit in the United Kingdom and it was quickly certified Gold by the RIAA for sales of over a million US copies. In 2003, Colin Young recorded a version of the song backed by a choir of policemen from the Surrey police force. The proceeds from the sales of the CD went to the Millys Fund, the fund is a trust that was set up in memory of murdered school girl Amanda Dowler. Apparently the song was a favourite of hers, build Me Up Buttercup was covered by David Johansen Group in the late 1970s and early 1980s and appears on The David Johansen Group Live CD. The song was used in the 1983 film Luggage of the Gods. and featured again in movies twice in the 1990s and it was covered by rock band The Goops in 1995 for the soundtrack of Mallrats, with the music video featuring View Askewniverse characters Jay and Silent Bob. In 2001, the song was used in the pilot of the TV show Alias as part of a marriage proposal and it was also covered by The Frantic in 2007 as a bonus track on their album, Audio & Murder. This version is thought to have been done by both NOFX and The Donnas. English musician Frank Turner recorded a darker cover for the 1969 Key to Change album. The song later appeared on his compilation album The Second Three Years, the song is also sung by fans and especially students during Wisconsin Badgers football and Boston College Eagles football games. In 1997, the song was used in the Philippine TV programmes Growing Up, the Orwells cover the song live very fast and often just the chorus. Leaked recordings from the Let It Be sessions revealed that the Beatles sang the song in between takes of their own songs, pop-rock band Busted included a cover as a B-side to their number 2 single crashed the wedding. American pop-rock singer Eddie Money covered the song, along several other 60s classics, on his eleventh studio albumBuild Me Up Buttercup – album cover related to the song
18. Crimson and Clover – Crimson and Clover is a 1968 song by American rock band Tommy James and the Shondells. Written by the duo of Tommy James and drummer Peter Lucia Jr. it was intended as a change in direction of the groups sound, Crimson and Clover was released in late 1968 as a rough mix after a radio station leaked it. It spent 16 weeks on the U. S. charts, reaching one in the United States. The single has sold 5 million copies, making it Tommy James and it has been covered by many artists such as Joan Jett and Prince. In 2006, Pitchfork Media named it the 57th best song of the 1960s, following the release of Mony Mony, Tommy James wanted to change direction of the groups sound, and began producing his own material. At the time, James said this was out of necessity and ambition and he departed from the groups principal songwriters Bo Gentry and Ritchie Cordell, and was given complete artistic control by Roulette Records. The title, Crimson and Clover, was decided before a song had been written for it, the combination of unknown meaning came to James as he was waking up, comprising his favorite color – crimson – and his favorite flower – clover. A song to fit the phrase was written by Tommy James and bassist Mike Vale and his following collaboration with drummer Peter Lucia, Jr. was more successful. During the songs production, Roulette Records wanted a new single, Crimson and Clover was recorded in late 1968 in about five hours and is one of the earliest songs recorded on 16-track equipment. Tommy James played most of the instruments, while Mike Vale played bass and Peter Lucia, the song contains a tremolo effect on the guitar, set so that it vibrated in time with the songs rhythm. Near the end of the recording, the band had an idea of utilizing the tremolo effect with vocals, Tommy James made a rough mix of Crimson and Clover to show to Roulette Records executive Morris Levy for evaluation. The band was intending to improve on the mix with ambient sound. A few days later, James stopped at WLS radio station in Chicago – who he had previously had experience with – to get their reaction. After an interview discussing the single, he was convinced to play the rough mix for WLS off-air, unbeknown to James, the station recorded the song, and they shortly played it on-air in November 1968 as a world exclusive. Morris Levy initially pleaded with WLS not to play the record prematurely before its release, Roulette Records produced a specially pressed single and shipped it to listeners who called about the song. Eight hundred copies of the song were sent to WLS for promotional purposes. Levy refused to let James produce the final mix he wanted, Crimson and Clover entered the U. S. charts on December 14, where it stayed for 16 weeks on Billboard Hot 100 and 15 weeks on Cash Box Top 100. Internationally, the reached number one in Canada, Germany, New Zealand, Singapore, South AfricaCrimson and Clover – Album cover for Crimson & Clover by Tommy James and the Shondells
19. Tommy James and the Shondells – Tommy James and the Shondells are an American rock band, formed in Niles, Michigan in 1960. They had two No.1 singles in the U. S, the band formed in 1959 in Niles, Michigan, first as the Echoes, then as Tom and the Tornadoes, with 12-year-old Tommy James as lead singer. The group released its first single, Long Pony Tail, in 1962, in 1964 James renamed the band the Shondells because the name sounded good. At this time, the band included Tommy James, Larry Coverdale, Larry Wright, Craig Villeneuve, in February 1964 the band recorded the Jeff Barry–Ellie Greenwich song Hanky Panky. Released by Snap Records, a label, Jamess version sold respectably in Michigan, Indiana and Illinois. The band toured the eastern Midwest, but no other market took to the song, the single failed to chart nationally, and the Shondells disbanded in 1965 after its members graduated from high school. After first considering taking a job outside of music, James decided to form a new band, the Koachmen, with Shondells guitarist Larry Coverdale and members of a rival group called the Spinners. The Koachmen played a circuit of clubs in the Midwest through the summer and fall of 1965 but returned to Niles in February 1966, after the dried up. Meanwhile, in 1965, Pittsburgh dance promoter Bob Mack unearthed the forgotten single Hanky Panky, playing it at various dance parties, listener response encouraged regular play, and demand soared. Bootleggers responded by printing 80,000 black market copies of the recording, James first learned of all this activity in April 1966 after getting a telephone call from Pittsburgh disc jockey Mad Mike Metro to come and perform the song. James attempted to contact members of the Shondells, but they had all moved away, joined the service or gotten married. In April 1966, James went by himself to make appearances for the Pittsburgh radio station in nightclubs. I had no group, and I had to put one together really fast, recalled James. I was in a Greensburg, P. A. club one night and they said yes, and off we went. With a touring group to promote the single, James went to New York City, with national promotion, the single became a No.1 hit in July 1966. Before long, Kessler and Pietropaoli were forced to leave after a dispute when planned monies were not paid to them by Roulette and they were replaced by Eddie Gray and Peter Lucia, Magura departed as well. At first, Tommy James and His Shondells played straightforward rock and roll, in early 1967 songwriter Ritchie Cordell gave them the No.4 hit I Think Were Alone Now and the No.10 hit Mirage. In 1968, James had a No.3 hit with Mony Mony, co-written by James, Cordell, Cordells writing partner Bo Gentry, and Bobby Bloom, Mony Mony reached No.3 in the US and was a British No.1 in 1968Tommy James and the Shondells – Tommy James & the Shondells during their 2010 tour
20. Three Dog Night – Three Dog Night is an American rock band. They formed in 1967 with a line-up consisting of vocalists Danny Hutton, Cory Wells and this lineup was soon augmented by Jimmy Greenspoon, Joe Schermie, Michael Allsup, and Floyd Sneed. The band registered 21 Billboard Top 40 hits between 1969 and 1975 and it helped introduce mainstream audiences to the work of many songwriters, including Paul Williams, Hoyt Axton, Laura Nyro, Harry Nilsson, Randy Newman, and Leo Sayer. On colder nights they would sleep with two dogs and, if the night was freezing, it was a three dog night. The three vocalists, Danny Hutton, Chuck Negron and Cory Wells first came together in 1967 and made recordings with Brian Wilson. Ron Morgan left the early on and subsequently went on to join the Electric Prunes. Michael Allsup was quickly recruited to replace him on guitar, Three Dog Night earned 12 gold albums and recorded 21 consecutive Billboard Top 40 hits, seven of which went gold. Their first gold record was One, which had been written and recorded by Harry Nilsson. The group had three US #1 songs, each of which featured a different lead singer, Mama Told Me Not to Come, which was also their only Top 10 hit in the UK, Joy to the World, and Black and White. Dunhill Records claimed that 40 million record albums were sold by the band during this time, as its members wrote just a handful of songs on the albums, most songs Three Dog Night recorded were written by outside songwriters. Three Dog Night made its debut in 1968 at the Whiskey a Go Go. They were still in the process of making their first album Three Dog Night when they heard the favorable reactions from the hypercritical audience. The album Three Dog Night was a success with its hit songs One and Nobody and helped the band gain recognition, other damages were sought due to ATI taking deposits for booking Three Dog Night, whom they no longer represented. Joe Schermie was replaced by Jack Ryland in 1973, and the then became an eight-piece with the inclusion of another keyboard player. In late 1974, Allsup and Sneed left to form a new band, SS Fools, with Schermie. New members James Smitty Smith and drummer Mickey McMeel were recruited, by 1976, their run of hit records had ended and Hutton was succeeded by Jay Gruska. Hours before their first concert of their 1975 tour, Chuck Negron was arrested for the possession of narcotics but was released on $10,000 bond. After writing a couple of songs for them, and doing background vocals on one of their albums, I was asked to do a national tour of 10 to 12 thousand seat venues as the ‘3rd Dog’Three Dog Night – Three Dog Night
21. Crystal Blue Persuasion – Crystal Blue Persuasion is a 1968 song originally recorded by Tommy James and the Shondells and composed by Eddie Gray, Tommy James and Mike Vale. It included melodic passages for a guitar, as well as a bass pattern. The words jumped out at me, and theyre not together, but it seemed to go together, its my favorite of all my songs and one of our most requested. Many listeners thought Crystal Blue Persuasion was a song advocating the use of crystal meth. At the time of the release there were several popular types of high quality blue-colored LSD tablets in circulation—some listeners generally assumed James was referring to acid. In 1979, noted music writer Dave Marsh described it as a transparent allegory about James involvement with amphetamines, the single version differs from the album version of the song with horn overdubs added to the mix and a longer bongos overdub before the third verse. A primitive non-representational music video was made, that various scenes of late 1960s political and cultural unrest and imagery of love. Tito Puente, Joe Bataan, The Heptones, Morcheeba, Concrete Blonde, Crystal Blue Persuasion has been used in numerous media and entertainment properties, both onscreen and off. Crystal Blue Persuasion has appeared in the films A Walk on the Moon, The Secret Life of Girls, Zodiac, The Nanny Diaries, the song is also featured in the movie The Expendables 2, while Barney is flying his plane. The song was played during the scene in the TV movie Growing Up Brady. The song is referenced in Marvel Comics Fantastic Four Annual from 1988, the title of the song is referenced in the song He Do the Police in Different Voices, the opening track from the 1993 album Plants and Birds and Rocks and Things by The Loud Family. It was also used in the episode of the television series The Wonder Years, the episode Back to Where Youve Never Been from the television series Fringe. Crystal Blue Persuasion was used as the title of the 12th episode of the first season of Marvel Animations Guardians of the GalaxyCrystal Blue Persuasion – With an appropriate lighting scheme, the 2000s edition of Tommy James and the Shondells perform "Crystal Blue Persuasion"
22. The Cowsills – The Cowsills is an American singing group from Newport, Rhode Island. They specialized in harmonies and the ability to sing and play music at an early age, the band was formed in the spring of 1965 by brothers Bill, Bob, and Barry Cowsill, they shortly thereafter added their brother John. Originally Bill and Bob played guitar and Barry was on drums, when John learned how to play drums and joined the band, Barry went to bass. After their initial success, the brothers were joined by their siblings Susan and Paul, bobs twin brother Richard was the road manager. When the group expanded to its full membership by 1967. Joined by their mother, Barbara Cowsill, the group was the inspiration for the 1970s television show The Partridge Family, the Cowsills musical interest started while their father Bud Cowsill was stationed in Canton, Ohio, in the late 1950s as a US Navy recruiter. Billy and Bob taught themselves how to play the guitar, the boys developed their musical talent and harmonized vocals, and they performed at school church dances in Stark County, Ohio. The boys first television appearance was on the Gene Carroll Show on WEWS in Cleveland, after Bud retired from the Navy, he and his wife managed their childrens career. In late 1965, the Cowsills were hired as an act on Bannisters Wharf in Newport. A handful of singles were released on JODA Records and Philips Records in 1965 and 1966, after Leonard Stogel took over management of the band, he got them signed to MGM Records in 1967. It sold over one million copies and was awarded a gold record, shortly thereafter the band was expanded, yet again, to include siblings Susan and Paul. With the success of The Rain. the band became a popular act in the U. S. and achieved significant airplay in England. The Rain, The Park and Other Things reached No.2 on the Billboard Hot 100, the most memorable performance of what I would view as the precursor of what The Cowsills would be was at Kings Park in Newport at some carnival. Our first real break came when we were playing the MK Hotel in Newport and we werent famous or anything but we were young and we were related and we were quite good. So we went on The Today Show and someone from Mercury Records saw us, which led to our signing with that label and putting out Most Of All. In 1968, the band scored another million-selling hit with the song Indian Lake which reached No.10 on the US charts, in 1969, the band had another No.2 US hit and million seller with their version of the title song from the musical Hair. From 1968 through 1972, the played a average of 200 performance dates per year. According to the documentary, Family Band, The Cowsills Story, now led by Bob, the Cowsills continued as a group releasing three more albums - two with MGM including a second greatest hits compilation, and then one with London RecordsThe Cowsills – The Cowsills from their Billy Cowsill Benefit Concert in 2004. Left to right: Bob, Barry, Paul, Richard, Susan and John (Bill not pictured)
23. Marvin Gaye – Marvin Gaye was an American singer, songwriter and record producer. During the 1970s, he recorded the concept albums Whats Going On and Lets Get It On, Gayes later recordings influenced several contemporary R&B subgenres, such as quiet storm and neo soul. Following a period in Europe as a tax exile in the early 1980s, Gaye released the 1982 Grammy Award-winning hit Sexual Healing, on April 1,1984, Gayes father, Marvin Gay Sr. fatally shot him at their house in the West Adams district of Los Angeles. Marvin Gaye was born Marvin Pentz Gay Jr. on April 2,1939, at Freedmans Hospital in Washington, D. C. to church minister Marvin Gay Sr. and domestic worker Alberta Gay. His first home was in a housing project, the Fairfax Apartments at 1617 1st Street SW in the Southwest Waterfront neighborhood. Although one of the citys oldest neighborhoods, with many elegant Federal-style homes, most buildings were small, in extensive disrepair, and lacked both electricity and running water. The alleys were full of one- and two-story shacks, and nearly every dwelling was overcrowded, Gaye and his friends nicknamed the area Simple City, owing to its being half-city, half country. Gaye was the second eldest of the four children. He had two sisters, Jeanne and Zeola, and one brother, Frankie Gaye and he also had two half-brothers, Michael Cooper, his mothers son from a previous relationship, and Antwaun Carey Gay, born as a result of his fathers extramarital affairs. Gaye started singing in church when he was four years old, Gaye and his family were part of a Pentecostal church known as the House of God. The House of God took its teachings from Hebrew Pentecostalism, advocated strict conduct, Gaye developed a love of singing at an early age and was encouraged to pursue a professional music career after a performance at a school play at 11 singing Mario Lanzas Be My Love. His home life consisted of brutal whippings by his father, who struck him for any shortcoming, the young Gaye described living in his fathers house as similar to. living with a king, a very peculiar, changeable, cruel, and all powerful king. He felt that had his mother not consoled him and encouraged his singing and his sister later explained that Gaye was beaten often, from age seven well into his teenage years. Gaye attended Syphax Elementary School and then Randall Junior High School, Gaye began to take singing much more seriously in junior high, and he joined and became a singing star with the Randall Junior High Glee Club. In 1953 or 1954, the Gays moved into the East Capitol Dwellings public housing project in D. C. s Capitol View neighborhood and their townhouse apartment was Marvins home until 1962. Gaye briefly attended Spingarn High School before transferring to Cardozo High School, at Cardozo, Gaye joined several doo-wop vocal groups, including the Dippers and the D. C. Gayes relationship with his father worsened during his years, as his father would kick him out of the house often. In 1956, 17-year-old Gaye dropped out of school and enlisted in the United States Air Force as a basic airmanMarvin Gaye – Washington, D.C.'s Columbia Heights where Marvin Gaye attended Cardozo High School, not far from Deanwood, where he grew up
24. Henry Mancini – Enrico Nicola Henry Mancini was an American composer, conductor and arranger, who is best remembered for his film and television scores. Often cited as one of the greatest composers in the history of film, he won four Academy Awards, a Golden Globe, and twenty Grammy Awards, plus a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995. His best known include the jazz-idiom theme to The Pink Panther film series, his Moon River to Breakfast at Tiffanys. The Peter Gunn theme won the first Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Mancini also had a long collaboration on film scores with the film director Blake Edwards. Mancini was born in the Little Italy neighborhood of Cleveland, and was raised near Pittsburgh, in the town of West Aliquippa. His parents immigrated from the Abruzzo region of Italy, Mancinis father, Quinto was a steelworker, who made his only child begin piccolo lessons at the age of eight. When Mancini was 12 years old, he began piano lessons, Quinto and Henry played flute together in the Aliquippa Italian immigrant band, Sons of Italy. After graduating from Aliquippa High School in 1942, Mancini attended the renowned Juilliard School of Music in New York, in 1943, after roughly one year at Juilliard, his studies were interrupted when he was drafted into the United States Army. He initially served in the infantry, later transferring to an Army band, in 1945, he participated in the liberation of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Austria. Newly discharged, Mancini entered the music industry, entering 1946, he became a pianist and arranger for the newly re-formed Glenn Miller Orchestra, led by Everyman Tex Beneke. After World War II, Mancini broadened his skills in composition, counterpoint, harmony and orchestration during studies opening with the composers Ernst Krenek, in 1952, Mancini joined the Universal Pictures music department. During this time, he wrote some popular songs. His first hit was a single by Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians titled I Wont Let You Out of My Heart, Mancini left Universal-International to work as an independent composer/arranger in 1958. Soon afterward, he scored the television series Peter Gunn for writer/producer Blake Edwards and this was the genesis of a relationship in which Edwards and Mancini collaborated on 30 films over 35 years. Mancinis scores for Blake Edwards included Breakfast at Tiffanys and Days of Wine and Roses, as well as Experiment in Terror, The Pink Panther, The Great Race, The Party,10, another director with whom Mancini had a longstanding partnership was Stanley Donen. Mancini also composed for Howard Hawks, Martin Ritt, Vittorio de Sica, Norman Jewison, Paul Newman, Stanley Kramer, George Roy Hill, Arthur Hiller, Ted Kotcheff, and others. Mancinis score for the Alfred Hitchcock film Frenzy in Bachian organ andante, for organ, Mancini scored many TV movies, including The Moneychangers, The Thorn Birds and The Shadow Box. He wrote many television themes, including Mr. Lucky, NBC Mystery Movie, tic Tac Dough and Once Is Not EnoughHenry Mancini – Henry Mancini
25. Get Together (The Youngbloods song) – Get Together, also known as Lets Get Together, is a song written in the mid-1960s by American singer-songwriter Chet Powers, also known as Dino Valenti. The song is an appeal for peace and brotherhood, presenting the polarity of love versus fear, and it is best remembered for the impassioned plea in the lines of its refrain, which is repeated several times in succession to bring the song to its conclusion. The song was recorded as Lets Get Together by the Kingston Trio and released on June 1,1964. While it was not released as a single, this version was the first to bring the song to the attention of the general public, the Kingston Trio often performed it live. While it did not achieve the level of success as the other. It would be their last hit record, Lets Get Together was the third song on side 2 of the Jefferson Airplanes first album, Jefferson Airplane Takes Off, released in August 1966. He called Lets Get Together a most sensitive, hopeful and contemporary ballad, however, the song wasnt released as a single, although the album did make the top 100 of 1966, as #97. In 1967, the Youngbloods released their version of the song under the title Get Together and it became a minor Hot 100 hit for them, peaking at #62 and reaching #37 on the US adult contemporary chart. However, renewed interest in the Youngbloods version came when it was used in a public service announcement as a call for brotherhood by the National Conference of Christians. The Youngbloods version, the most-remembered today, was re-released in 1969, another version was released in 1967 by the Chicago psychedelic group H. P. Lovecraft on their debut album. In 1968, the Sunshine Company released a version of the song titled Lets Get Together as a single that reached #112 on the Billboard chart, also in 1968, the Canadian group 3s A Crowd released their version of the song as a single, titled Lets Get Together. It peaked at #70 on Canadas national singles chart, in 1970, Gwen & Jerry Collins released a version of the song as a single that reached #34 on the US country chart. In March 1970, the Dave Clark Five reached #8 on the UK Singles Chart with their version retitled Everybody Get Together. In 1995, Big Mountain released a version of the song titled as a single that reached #28 on the US adult contemporary chart, and on Inauguraton Day 2017, the group Bahari released their version of the song. In The Simpsons episode Treehouse of Horror II, Lisa wishes for world peace, all people on Earth start singing Get Together and dance in a large peace sign. 1989, Indigo Girls on the Epic Records release of their album Strange Fire, the song also appears on the soundtrack for The Wonder Years. The South Park episode Smug Alert, contains a parody of the song which repeats the line come on people now several times. In 2008, the Youngbloods version of the song was used in a commercial for Luvs diapers, a snippet of the Youngbloods version of the song was used in a 2014 commercial for KFCGet Together (The Youngbloods song) – "Get Together"
26. The Youngbloods – The Youngbloods were an American rock band consisting of Jesse Colin Young, Jerry Corbitt, Lowell Levinger, nicknamed Banana, and Joe Bauer. Despite receiving critical acclaim, they never achieved widespread popularity, top 40 entry was Get Together. When in town, Young would drop in on Corbitt, beginning in January 1965, the two began performing on the Canadian circuit as a duo, eventually adopting the name The Youngbloods. Young played bass, and Corbitt played piano, harmonica and lead guitar, Corbitt introduced Young to a bluegrass musician, Lowell Levinger. He knew of a tenant who could flesh out the band, Joe Bauer. Once the line-up was set, Jesse Colin Young and the Youngbloods, as the group was then known, began building a reputation from their club dates. Their first concert had been at Gerdes Folk City in Greenwich Village, months later, Young, however, was not satisfied with RCA. Nobody at was really mean or anything, everybody was just kind of stupid and they never knew what to make of us, and tried to set us up as a bubblegum act. They never knew what we were, and never knew how to merchandise us, the arrangement did produce one charting single in Grizzly Bear. Several critically praised albums followed, The Youngbloods, Earth Music, in 1967, when Get Together, a paean to universal brotherhood, first appeared, it did not sell very well, reaching only No.62 on the chart. This disc sold over one million copies, and received a gold record, Johnny Carson once reportedly refused to allow the band to perform on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, saying they were overly demanding during the pre-show soundcheck. With Corbitts departure from the band in 1969, before the band recorded the Elephant Mountain album, Levinger assumed lead guitar duties, the band became adept at lengthy improvisations in their live performances. Young, Levinger and Bauer all went on to solo careers, Levinger, Bauer and Kane were part of another group, Noggins, in 1972 that only lasted for one album, Crab Tunes. Bauer died of a tumor in September 1982, at the age of 40. In 1971, Jerry Corbitt and former Youngbloods producer Charlie Daniels formed a band called Corbitt & Daniels, in 1976 HT Rabin, drummer from Alias, joined the Youngbloods for a brief tour. Banana supplied guitar, banjo, synthesizer, and back-up vocals to Mimi Fariñas 1985 solo album, Solo, during the 1980s and 1990s, he played with the jam rock band Zero on keyboards, vocals and rhythm guitar. In late 1984, The Youngbloods briefly reunited for a club tour, the 1984 line-up contained Young, Corbitt and Levinger, plus new members David Perper and Scott Lawrence. Once the tour was completed, the group disbanded again by mid-1985The Youngbloods – The band in 1968.
27. Grazing in the Grass – Grazing in the Grass is an instrumental composed by Philemon Hou and first recorded by the South African trumpeter Hugh Masekela. Released in the United States as a single in 1968, it hit no.1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, the title phrase was rumoured to be a synonym for the practice of smoking marijuana, one of whose nicknames is grass. Grazing in the Grass was inspired by an earlier Masekela recording, Hou, an actor and singer, came up with the melody while the backing track was already being recorded. The session was held at Gold Star Studios in Hollywood,3 on the former and no.5 on the latter. One of the members, Harry Elston, wrote lyrics for the song and sang lead on the Friends Of Distinctions version of it. In 2004, the song was covered by Raven-Symoné, her version was played on Radio Disney, the music video for her version features her and dancing extras interacting with scenes from The Lion King 1½, the video also received frequent airplay on Disney Channel. It is also a staple in the repertoire of New Orleans brass bands, Grazing in the Grass was sampled by the hip hop duo Nice & Smooth on the track One, Two and One More Makes Three from their album Aint a Damn Thing Changed. A sample of the song can be heard in Sugar Rays 1999 single Every Morning, the jazz saxophonist George Howard did an upbeat version of Grazing in the Grass on his album When Summer Comes in 1993. In the 2007 biopic Talk to Me, it can be heard following the scene in which Petey Greene is told by his manager that he is to appear on The Tonight Show, in the 2006 film Bobby, the song plays during the ballroom scene. It is in the soundtrack of the 2006 film The Last King of Scotland, in the 2004 film Anchorman, The Legend of Ron Burgundy, the Friends of Distinction version can be heard during the pool party scene. The song is heard in the trailers for both that film and its sequel, Anchorman 2, The Legend Continues. In the 2000 film Space Cowboys, it is played in the background during the scene when Clint Eastwoods character meets up with Tommy Lee Joness character at the place of business. This particular version of Grazing in the Grass was recorded by Rick Braun, in the 1995 film I Shot Andy Warhol, it is heard at the beginning of a party at The Factory. Brown had actually discovered The Friends of Distinction, leading to their signing with RCA Records and the release of Grazing in the Grass as their first single. Raven-Symoné covered the song for The Lion King 1½ soundtrack, as noted above, Grazing in the grass is a gas, baby, can you dig it. Was used as a riff during a scene in the short film A Day at the Fair. It was said in a dry, stodgy tone that mimicked the narrator of the short, Hugh Masekelas 2004 autobiography, which he dictated to journalist D. Michael Cheers, is titled Still Grazing, The Musical Journey of Hugh MasekelaGrazing in the Grass – "Grazing in the Grass"
28. The Friends of Distinction – The Friends of Distinction were an American vocal group best known for their late 1960s hits, Grazing in the Grass, Love or Let Me Be Lonely, and Going in Circles. Founded by Harry Elston and Floyd Butler, The Friends of Distinction also included Jessica Cleaves, the Friends of Distinction formed in 1968 in Los Angeles with original members Floyd Butler, Harry Elston, Jessica Cleaves, and Barbara Jean Love. Butler and Elston had worked together in The Hi-Fis in the mid 1960s, other members of the Hi-Fis were Marilyn McCoo and Lamont McLemore, who would later co-found The Fifth Dimension. The Friends of Distinction were discovered by American football player Jim Brown, who also discovered Earth, Wind & Fire, and were signed to RCA Records. The Friends first major hit, Grazing in the Grass, was an Elston-sung vocal cover version of a hit by Hugh Masekela. Released in March 1969, this record went Top 5 on both the pop and soul charts in the U. S. peaking at #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 in June. The follow-up ballad Going in Circles also charted highly, hitting #15 in November. When Love took time off during her pregnancy, Charlene Gibson replaced her, singing lead on the Friends third hit, Love or Let Me Be Lonely, the Friends were prolific between 1969 and 1971, releasing five albums, with a sixth in 1973. They also released singles, including Check It Out and a cover of Neil Sedakas Time Waits For No One. The group quit touring in 1975, and broke up soon afterward, Cleaves sang with Earth, Wind & Fire for a number of years. Going in Circles has been covered by Isaac Hayes, The Gap Band and Luther Vandross, Grazing in the Grass was redone by Disney television star Raven-Symone. In 1990, Elston and Butler planned to revive the Friends of Distinction and he had already written songs for the group and one composition he co-wrote, Check It Out, was a hit for the group Tavares. Elston formed a new quartet, also called the Friends of Distinction, Jessica Cleaves died on May 2,2014, from a stroke at the age of 65. The Friends of Distinction at AllMusic The Friends of Distinction at Soul TracksThe Friends of Distinction – The Friends of Distinction in 1973.
29. Suspicious Minds – Suspicious Minds is an American song written and first recorded by American songwriter Mark James. After James recording failed commercially, the song was handed to Elvis Presley by producer Chips Moman, becoming a one song in 1969. Suspicious Minds was widely regarded as the single that returned Presleys career success and it was his eighteenth and last number-one single in the United States. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked it No.91 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, session guitarist Reggie Young played on both the James and Presley versions. The song is about a mistrusting and dysfunctional relationship, and the need of the characters to overcome their issues in order to maintain it. Written in 1968 by Mark James, who was also co-writer of Always on My Mind, Chips Moman had asked James to come to Memphis to write songs for American Sound Studio. At the time, James was residing in Houston, James had written three songs that became number one hits in the Southern United States. American Sound Studio was gaining a reputation in the industry as the Box Tops had just recorded The Letter there so James relocated to Memphis. James said that one night, he was fooling around on his Fender guitar and using his Hammond organ pedals for a bass line. James at the time was married to his first wife, but still had feelings for his childhood sweetheart, Jamess wife had suspicions of his feelings. James felt it was a time for him and that all three were caught in this trap that they could not walk out of. At the recording session, James sang the vocals. The horns, strings and vocals of the Holladay Sisters were later overdubbed, after the tape was mixed, James and Moman flew to New York, where Jamess manager had contacts with Scepter Records. The label loved the song and put it out, but Scepter did not have the money to new artists. Later that year, Don Crews, Momans partner, told James that Presley had booked their studio to record what would become the From Elvis in Memphis album, Crews kept asking James if he had any songs that would be right for Presley. James felt Presley needed a mature rock n roll song to bring him back as Tom Jones was a hot artist at the time, Crews and James thought of Suspicious Minds and James began urging others to get Presley to hear it. Even though Jamess recording had not been successful, upon reviewing the song Presley decided he could turn it into a hit. Marty Lacker, a friend of Elvis, suggested he record at the studioSuspicious Minds – "Suspicious Minds"
30. Elvis Presley – Elvis Aaron Presley was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is referred to as the King of Rock and Roll. Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi, and relocated to Memphis and his music career began there in 1954, when he recorded a song with producer Sam Phillips at Sun Records. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was a popularizer of rockabilly. RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, Presleys first RCA single, Heartbreak Hotel, was released in January 1956 and became a number-one hit in the United States. He was regarded as the figure of rock and roll after a series of successful network television appearances. In November 1956, Presley made his debut in Love Me Tender. In 1958, he was drafted into military service, in 1973, Presley featured in the first globally broadcast concert via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii. Several years of drug abuse severely damaged his health. Presley is one of the most celebrated and influential musicians of the 20th century and he won three Grammys, also receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36, and has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame. Presley was born on January 8,1935, in Tupelo, Mississippi, to Gladys Love and Vernon Elvis Presley, Jesse Garon Presley, his identical twin brother, was delivered stillborn 35 minutes before his own birth. Thus, as a child, Presley became close to both parents and formed an especially close bond with his mother. The family attended an Assembly of God, where he found his musical inspiration. Although he was in conflict with the Pentecostal church in his later years, rev. Rex Humbard officiated at his funeral, as Presley had been an admirer of Humbards ministry. Presleys ancestry was primarily a Western European mix, including Scots-Irish, Scottish, German, gladyss great-great-grandmother, Morning Dove White, was possibly a Cherokee Native American. Gladys was regarded by relatives and friends as the dominant member of the small family, Vernon moved from one odd job to the next, evincing little ambition. The family often relied on help from neighbors and government food assistance, the Presleys survived the F5 tornado in the 1936 Tupelo–Gainesville tornado outbreak. In 1938, they lost their home after Vernon was found guilty of kiting a check written by the landowner, Orville S. Bean and he was jailed for eight months, and Gladys and Elvis moved in with relativesElvis Presley – Presley in a publicity photograph for the 1957 film Jailhouse Rock
31. Proud Mary – Proud Mary is a rock song written by John Fogerty and first recorded by his band Creedence Clearwater Revival. The song was released by Fantasy Records as a single from the second studio album, Bayou Country. The single is considered to have been released in early January 1969 although at least one source states that it came out just before Christmas 1968. The song became a hit in the United States, peaking at #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 in March 1969. In a 1969 interview, Fogerty said that he wrote it in the two days after he was discharged from the National Guard. The line Left a good job in the city was written following Fogertys discharge from the National Guard, Burke recalls, “We went to Muscle Shoals and recorded Proud Mary, which they didn’t like at all. They thought it was stupid to record a song Proud Mary, I was explaining to them that it was a very big record, but it’s a very white record, a pop record. We will redo the record, open up the doors for it to get on the r&b charts and it was a Solomon Burke record made in Muscle Shoals. We proved that we can make a hit record without Jerry Wexler eating sandwiches with us and this record was a hit without anybody’s help. Proud Mary was only promoted by Tamiko Jones and myself, John Fogerty, the songs composer, was impressed by Burkes version of his song, Two thousand miles away this man had crawled right up inside my head to learn what Proud Mary was all about. Sure, its great when someone sings your song, but when he understands it, reworked as a celebration of black consciousness, his potent mix of gospel and country – the kind that defined his earlier sides for Atlantic – and driven by a Southern funk-like strut. It returned Burke to the US R&B Top 20, with the single reaching #15 on the R&B charts, according to Burke in a 2002 interview, I was in Vegas for sixteen weeks at the Sands Hotel. I missed this record being a hit, because we weren’t there to promote the record, we had no backing. The greatest thing I ever did was tell Ike Turner, “Hey man, you should get on this record… I think you, Ike & Tina Turner first covered Proud Mary in 1970. The Turners version was rearranged by Soko Richardson and Ike Turner. After the lyrics are first sung softly by the Turners, the song is turned into a funk rock vamp with Tina. Following the original release and its success, Ike and Tina included the song in their live act. It was also performed in 1971 and 1974, the Turners performed the song on Soul Train on April 22,1972Proud Mary
32. Creedence Clearwater Revival – Creedence Clearwater Revival, often informally abbreviated to Creedence or CCR, was an American rock band active in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The band consisted of lead vocalist, lead guitarist, and primary songwriter John Fogerty, his rhythm guitarist Tom Fogerty, bassist Stu Cook. Their musical style encompassed the roots rock, swamp rock, the band performed at 1969s famed Woodstock Festival. After four years of chart-topping success, the group disbanded acrimoniously in late 1972, Fogertys ongoing disagreements with Saul Zaentz, owner of their label Fantasy Records, created further protracted court battles. As a result, John Fogerty refused to perform with the two other surviving former members at CCRs 1993 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Creedence Clearwater Revivals music is still a staple of U. S. radio airplay, Rolling Stone ranked the band 82nd on its list of the 100 greatest artists of all time. John Fogerty, Doug Clifford, and Stu Cook met at Portola Junior High School in El Cerrito, calling themselves The Blue Velvets, the trio began playing instrumentals and juke box standards, as well as backing Fogertys older brother Tom at live gigs and in the recording studio. The records success was the subject of a National Educational Television special, for the bands first release, Fantasy co-owner Max Weiss renamed the group the Golliwogs. Band roles changed during this period, Stu Cook switched from piano to bass guitar and Tom Fogerty from lead vocals to rhythm guitar, John became the bands lead vocalist and primary songwriter. In Tom Fogertys words, I could sing, but John had a sound, in 1966, the group suffered a setback when John Fogerty and Doug Clifford, having received draft notices, enlisted in the military. Fogerty joined the Army Reserve while Clifford joined the United States Coast Guard Reserve, in 1967, Saul Zaentz bought Fantasy Records and offered the band a chance to record a full-length album on the condition that they change their name. Having never liked the Golliwogs, in part because of the charge of the name. Zaentz and the agreed to come up with ten suggestions each, but he enthusiastically agreed to their first, Creedence Clearwater Revival. Rejected contenders for the name included Muddy Rabbit, Gossamer Wump, and Creedence Nuball and the Ruby. “Finally, John put together the three names and we surrendered to the inevitable, ” Stu laugh, “A name weirder than Buffalo Springfield or Jefferson Airplane. ”By 1968, John Fogerty and Doug Clifford had been discharged from military service, and all four members had quit their jobs to begin an intense schedule of rehearsing and playing full-time at clubs. AM radio programmers around the U. S. A. took note when the song Susie Q from their debut album received substantial airplay in the San Francisco Bay Area. A remake of a 1956 song by rockabilly singer Dale Hawkins and it would be CCRs only Top 40 hit not written by John Fogerty. Two other singles from the debut were released, a cover of Screamin Jay Hawkinss I Put A Spell On You and Porterville, after their breakthrough, CCR began touring and started work on their second album, Bayou Country, at RCA Studios in Los AngelesCreedence Clearwater Revival – Creedence Clearwater Revival in 1968. From left to right: Tom Fogerty, Doug Clifford, Stu Cook and John Fogerty.
33. What Does It Take (To Win Your Love) – What Does It Take is a 1968 song that was a 1969 hit single by Jr. Walker & The All Stars. The single was one of Jr. Walkers most successful releases, becoming a hit on both the R&B and pop singles charts. What Does It Take, written by Johnny Bristol, Harvey Fuqua, and Vernon Bullock, made it into the top five on the Hot 100, the song was also a hit in the UK in 1969, reaching number 13 on the UK Singles Chart. It remained in the chart for 12 weeks, the song was voted Top US Soul Record of 1969 and has sold over a million copies. Its extended intro and saxophone solo have influenced the works of David Sanborn, Clarence Clemons, alton Ellis also covered the song on his album Mr Soul of Jamaica. Many sources give the date for this album as 1967. Many, such as Allmusic, question the year of release, the version released as a single is dated 1970. In 1986 instrumentalist Kenny G covered this tune on his 1986 album DuotonesWhat Does It Take (To Win Your Love) – "What Does It Take (To Win Your Love)"
34. Junior Walker – Autry DeWalt Mixon Jr. known by the stage name Junior Walker, styled as Jr. Walker, was an American musician. His group, Jr. Walker & the All Stars, were signed to Motowns Soul label in the 1960s, Walker was born Autry DeWalt Mixon Jr. in Blytheville, Arkansas, and grew up in South Bend, Indiana. His saxophone style was the anchor for the overall sound. The other original members of the group were drummer Tony Washington, guitarist Willie Woods and his career started when he developed his own band in the mid-1950s as the Jumping Jacks. His longtime friend Billy Nicks formed his own team, the Rhythm Rockers, periodically, Nicks would sit in on Jumping Jacks shows, and Walker would sit in on the Rhythm Rockers shows. Nicks obtained a permanent gig at a local TV station in South Bend, Indiana, shortly after, Nicks asked Willie Woods, a local singer, to perform with the group, shortly after Woods would learn how to play guitar also. When Nicks got drafted into the United States Army, Walker convinced the band to move from South Bend to Battle Creek, while performing in Benton Harbor, Walker found a drummer, Tony Washington, to replace Nicks. Eventually, Fred Patton left the group, and Victor Thomas stepped in, the original name, The Rhythm Rockers, was changed to The All Stars. Walkers style was inspired by blues and early R&B, particularly players like Louis Jordan, Earl Bostic. The group was spotted by Johnny Bristol, and he recommended them to Harvey Fuqua, in 1961, once the group started recording on the Harvey label, their name was changed to Jr. Walker All Stars. The name was modified again when Fuquas labels were taken over by Motowns Berry Gordy, the members of the band changed after the acquisition of the Harvey label. Tony Washington, the drummer, quit the group, and James Graves joined and their first and signature hit was Shotgun, written and composed by Walker and produced by Berry Gordy, which featured the Funk Brothers James Jamerson on bass and Benny Benjamin on drums. In 1966, Graves left and was replaced by old cohort Billy Stix Nicks, in 1969, the group had another hit enter the top 5, What Does It Take. From that time on Walker sang more on the records than earlier in their career and he landed several more R&B Top Ten hits over the next few years, with the last coming in 1972. Walker re-formed the All Stars in the 1980s, foreigners 1981 album 4 featured Walkers blistering sax solo on Urgent. On April 11,1981, Walker was the musical guest on the finale of Saturday Night Live. He later recorded his own version of the Foreigner song for the 1983 All Starss album Blow the House Down, Walkers version was also featured in the 1985 Madonna film Desperately Seeking Susan. In 1983, Walker was re-signed with Motown, in 1988, Walker played opposite Sam Moore as one-half of the fictional soul duo The Swanky Modes in the comedy TapeheadsJunior Walker – Junior Walker
35. The Isley Brothers – The Isley Brothers are an American musical group originally from Cincinnati, Ohio, originally a vocal trio consisting of brothers OKelly Isley, Jr. Rudolph Isley and Ronald Isley. The group has cited as having enjoyed one of the longest, most influential. Alongside a fourth brother, Vernon, the group performed gospel music until Vernons death a few years after its formation, initially a modest charted single, the song eventually sold over a million copies. Influenced by gospel and doo-wop music, the group experimenting with different musical styles incorporating elements of rock. The inclusion of younger brothers Ernie Isley and Marvin Isley, for the next full decade, they recorded top-selling albums including The Heat Is On and Between the Sheets. The six-member lineup of the band splintered in 1983, with Ernie, Marvin, eldest member OKelly died in 1986 and Rudolph and Ronald released a pair of albums as a duo before Rudolph retired for life in the Christian ministry in 1989. Ronald re-formed the group two years later in 1991 with Ernie and Marvin, five later in 1996, Marvin Isley left the group due to complications of diabetes. The remaining duo of Ronald and Ernie accomplished mainstream success with the albums Eternal and Body Kiss, with the former album spawning the top twenty hit, as of 2016, the Isley Brothers continue to perform under the lineup of Ronald and Ernie. The Isley Brothers have had four Top 10 singles on the United States Billboard chart, sixteen of their albums charted in the Top 40. Thirteen of those albums have been certified gold, platinum or multi-platinum by the RIAA. The brothers have been honored by several institutions including being inducted to the Rock. Five years later, they were inducted to Hollywoods Rockwalk and in 2003, were inducted to the Vocal Group Hall of Fame. The Isley Brothers originally came from Cincinnati, Ohio, and were raised at the citys Lincoln Heights suburb, patterning themselves after groups such as Billy Ward and his Dominoes and the Dixie Hummingbirds, the brothers began performing together in 1954. Eventually they landed a spot on Ted Macks Amateur Hour where they won the competition, with Vernon on lead vocals, the quartet soon began touring all over the eastern US regions performing in a variety of churches. When Vernon was thirteen, he was killed after a car struck him as he was riding his bike in his neighborhood, eventually convinced to regroup, the brothers decided to record popular music and left Cincinnati for New York in 1957 with their parents blessings. With Ronnie assuming the lead position in the group, the group got into contact with Richard Barrett. The songs were only regional hits, however, by 1959, the group landed a recording deal with RCA Records. The original version of the peaked at 47 on the Billboard Hot 100The Isley Brothers – The Isley Brothers on the Clay Cole Show in 1962
36. Sweet Caroline – Sweet Caroline is a song written and performed by American recording artist Neil Diamond and officially released on September 16,1969, as a single with the title Sweet Caroline. It was arranged by Charles Calello, and recorded at American Sound Studio in Memphis, the song reached #4 on the Billboard chart and eventually went platinum for sales of one million singles. In the autumn of 1969, Diamond performed Sweet Caroline on several television shows and it later reached #8 on the UK singles chart in 1971. In a 2007 interview, Diamond stated the inspiration for his song was John F. Kennedys daughter, Caroline, Diamond sang the song to her at her 50th birthday celebration in 2007. However, in 2014 Diamond said the song was about his then-wife Marsha, the song has proven to be enduringly popular, and as of November 2014 has sold over two million digital downloads in the United States. There are three distinct mixes of this song, the original mono 45 mix had a louder orchestra and glockenspiel compared to the stereo version on the Brother Loves Travelling Salvation Show LP. The third version was a remix found only on the initial CD release of Diamonds His 12 Greatest Hits and this version has the orchestra mixed down and has the background vocals mixed up. It has a fade as well. A live version of the song is on his Hot August Night LP, the playing of Sweet Caroline has become a fixture at many sporting events in the United States. This pattern is repeated whenever the chorus is played, the song has been played at Fenway Park, home of Major League Baseballs Boston Red Sox, since at least 1997, and in the middle of the eighth inning at every game since 2002. On opening night of the 2010 season at Fenway Park, the song was performed by Diamond himself, Sweet Caroline was played at Penn State Nittany Lions football games at Beaver Stadium until August 2012, halting after the Penn State child sex abuse scandal. Performances at Beaver Stadium resumed in September 2013, however, the song is played at the start of the fourth quarter of Pittsburgh Panthers Football games at Heinz Field. The main chorus is changed to LETS GO PITT and GO PITT, GO PITT, on Saturday, April 20,2013, during the 8th inning of the Red Sox-Kansas City game in Fenway Park, Neil Diamond led the crowd in a rendition of the song. The song was sung at sporting events across the country after the Boston Marathon bombings and it was also played right before the start of the Hamburg Marathon in Hamburg, Germany, on Sunday, April 21,2013, subsequent to a minute of silence. The song was played before the start of the Stockholm Marathon in Stockholm, Sweden, on Saturday, June 1,2013. On April 25,2013, Sweet Caroline was played following a tribute to the victims of the Boston Marathon bombing during the NFL Draft. Diamond has announced that he will donate all royalties from sales of the song since the bombings to the One Fund Boston charity to help the people most affected by the bombings. Diamond said that sales of the song surged nearly 600 percent in the week after the bombings, to 19,000 copies, up from 2,800 the week beforeSweet Caroline – "Sweet Caroline"
37. Neil Diamond – Neil Leslie Diamond is an American singer-songwriter, musician and actor. One of the worlds best-selling artists of all time, he has sold over 120 million records worldwide since the start of his career in the 1960s. With 38 songs in the Top 10, he is the second most successful artist in the history of the Billboard Adult Contemporary Top 10 charts and his songs have been covered internationally by many performers from a variety of musical genres. Diamond was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1984 and into the Rock, additionally, he received the Sammy Cahn Lifetime Achievement Award in 2000 and in 2011 was an honoree at Kennedy Center. On the Hot 100 and Adult Contemporary charts, he has had eleven No, Sweet Caroline is played frequently at sporting events, and has become an anthem for the Boston Red Sox. Diamond was born in Brooklyn, New York, to a Jewish family descended from Russian and his parents were Rose and Akeeba Kieve Diamond, a dry-goods merchant. He grew up in homes in Brooklyn, having also spent four years in Cheyenne, Wyoming. In Brooklyn he attended Erasmus Hall High School and was a member of the Freshman Chorus and they were not close friends at the time, Diamond recalls, We were two poor kids in Brooklyn. We hung out in the front of Erasmus High and smoked cigarettes, after his family moved he then attended Abraham Lincoln High School, and was a member of the fencing team. For his 16th birthday, he received his first guitar, and the next thing, I got a guitar when we got back to Brooklyn, started to take lessons and almost immediately began to write songs, he said. He adds that his attraction to songwriting was the first real interest he had growing up, Diamond also used his newly-developing skill at writing lyrics to write poetry. By writing poems for girls he was attracted to in school and his male classmates took note and began asking him to write poems for them which they would sing and use with equal success. He spent the following his graduation as a waiter in the Catskills resort area. There he first met Jaye Posner, who would, years later, Diamond next attended New York University as a pre-med major on a fencing scholarship. His skill at fencing made him a member of the 1960 NCAA mens championship team, however, he was often bored in classes, and found writing song lyrics more to his liking. He began cutting classes and taking the train up to Tin Pan Alley where he tried to get some of his songs heard by music publishers. By his senior year, and just 10 units short of graduation, Sunbeam Music Publishing offered him a 16-week job writing songs for $50 a week, and he dropped out of college to accept it. After his 16 weeks at Sunbeam Music were up, he was not rehired, I never really chose songwriting, he saysNeil Diamond – Diamond at a ceremony to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in August 2012
38. Oliver (singer) – William Oliver Swofford, known professionally as Oliver, was an American pop singer, best known for his 1969 song Good Morning Starshine from the musical Hair as well as Jean. William Oliver Swofford was born on February 22,1945, in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina, to Jack and he was a recipient of the prestigious Morehead Scholarship and attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill starting in 1963 and began singing as an undergraduate. He was a member of two music groups — The Virginians and, later, The Good Earth — and was then known as Bill Swofford. Later that fall, a softer, ballad single titled Jean bested his previous effort by one, reaching No.2 on the Hot 100, written by poet Rod McKuen, Jean also sold over one million copies, garnering Oliver his second gold disc in as many months. Performing both hits on a number of variety shows and specials in the late 1960s, including The Ed Sullivan Show. Bill Oliver Swofford had more modest commercial success, however, with the cover of Sunday Mornin, which peaked at No.35 in December 1969, and Angelica, which stalled at No.97 four months later. In addition, his cover of I Can Remember, the 1968 James & Bobby Purify hit, missed the Hot 100, late that fall, Oliver also had one inspirational recording titled Light the Way, composed by Eric Carmen. Olivers last single to enter the pop charts was his 1971 cover of Early Morning Rain by Canadian singer-songwriter Gordon Lightfoot. The song Bubbled Under at No.124 on May 1,1971, as Crewe preferred elaborately orchestrated musical arrangements and Oliver preferred a simpler folk sound, these creative differences led them to part ways in 1971. Resuming the name Bill Oliver Swofford, the singer toured hundreds of campuses in the eastern and southern United States in 1976 and 1977. He was recorded on albums of his friends including Steve Goodman and is credited with guitar. He and Goodman wrote one of the songs together which was released on the album Jessies Jig and Other Favorites and his natural talent and vocal range made him one who was called often for recording sessions. Several years later, it was reported that he was working as a manager in Shreveport, Louisiana. William Bill Oliver Swofford was married twice and his first marriage was to Margaret Hicks Ramspacher, from 1974 to1988, and he adopted her children, Beth Swofford of New York and Rob Swofford of Austin, Texas. He married Rebecca Jean Alexander in 1991 and moved to Pennsylvania, Bill was on the track team as well until a torn muscle in his leg grounded him from continuing sports and allowed him to focus more on his music. Jim, a lineman, went on to collegiate football at Duke University. The singer was plagued with Sjögrens syndrome in the mid-1990s for a number of years before being diagnosed with non-Hodgkins lymphoma and his brother John was the donor for a bone marrow transplant in hopes of saving Bills life in 1999. Bill died 10 months later on February 12,2000, at LSU Hospital in Shreveport and he is buried at Laurel Land Memorial Park in Dallas, TexasOliver (singer) – 1972 publicity photo.
39. Bad Moon Rising (song) – Bad Moon Rising is a song written by John Fogerty and performed by Creedence Clearwater Revival. It was the single from their album Green River and was released in April 1969. The song reached No.2 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart and it was CCRs second gold single. The song has been recorded by at least 20 different artists, in 2010, Rolling Stone ranked it #364 on its 500 Greatest Songs of All Time list. Fogerty reportedly wrote Bad Moon Rising after watching The Devil and Daniel Webster, inspired by a scene in the film involving a hurricane, Fogerty claims the song is about the apocalypse that was going to be visited upon us. Jerry Lee Lewis released a version of the song on his 1973 album, Fogerty and Lewis recorded a version together that was released on Lewis 2010 album, Mean Old Man. Emmylou Harris included a cover of the song on her 1981 Evangeline album, a 1986 version by the Australian band the Reels reached number 11 on the Australian charts. British Psychobilly band The Meteors recorded for their album Bad Moon Rising, english singer Thea Gilmore recorded an acoustic, folk version for her 2005 Loft Music album. Ann Wilson of Heart and American country singer Gretchen Wilson covered the song on Ann Wilsons 2007 album Hope & Glory, a trailer for Netflixs Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Sword of Destiny used a cover by Palestra. A remixed version of the song can be heard in the video game Crackdown 2, the song was available as a playable song for Guitar Hero 5 series of music rhythm video games as downloadable content. The last line of the chorus, theres a bad moon on the rise, is sometimes misheard as theres a bathroom on the right, Fogerty occasionally sings the misheard lyric in concert. In 2013, WatchMojo. com ranked the mishearing #5 on Top 10 Misheard Lyrics, the song has become notably popular in Argentina as a soccer chant, sung by fans at the stadium to support their teams during soccer matches. Different versions of the lyrics exist for different local teams, and it was adopted as the unofficial anthem for the Argentinian team by its fans, and was sung by fans and players alike. After Brazil lost 7–1 in the semi-final against Germany, the song was again adapted, the song has been adapted by fans of Manchester City with the title Argentinian Blues referencing the six Argentinian players in Manchester Citys ranks. The song has also used by UFC fighter Jim Miller as a walkout song. The first lines of the song are quoted as an epigraph to the chapter 22 of The Shining, the song was featured in the Second Trailer for Kong, Skull Island and in the movie itself set in 1971. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyricsBad Moon Rising (song) – "Bad Moon Rising"
40. Get Back – Get Back is a song recorded by the Beatles and written by Paul McCartney, originally released as a single on 11 April 1969 and credited to The Beatles with Billy Preston. A different mix of the later became the closing track of Let It Be. The single version was issued on the compilation albums 1967–1970,20 Greatest Hits, Past Masters. The single reached number one in the United Kingdom, the United States, Ireland, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, France, West Germany and it was the Beatles only single that credited another artist at their request. Get Back was the Beatles first single release in true stereo in the US, in the UK, the Beatles singles remained monaural until the following release, The Ballad of John and Yoko. The songs melody grew out of some unstructured jamming on 7 January 1969 during rehearsal sessions on the stage at Twickenham Studios. McCartney had played bass on Jackie Lomaxs recording of Sour Milk Sea a few months earlier, on 9 January McCartney brought a more developed version of Get Back to the group, with the Sweet Loretta verse close to its finished version. For the press release to promote the Get Back single, McCartney wrote, We were sitting in the studio and we started to write words there and then. When we finished it, we recorded it at Apple Studios, at the beginning of the Let It Be version of the song, Lennon can be heard jokingly saying Sweet Loretta Fart, she thought she was a cleaner, but she was a frying pan. The album version of the song ends with him famously quipping Id like to say thank you on behalf of the group and ourselves. In 1980, Lennon stated that some underlying thing about Yoko in there. The lyrics included a line Youd better get back to your Commonwealth homes, the group improvised various temporary lyrics for Get Back leading to what has become known in Beatles folklore as the No Pakistanis version. This version is more racially charged, and addresses attitudes toward immigrants in the United States, Dont need no Puerto Ricans living in the USA, and dont dig no Pakistanis taking all the peoples jobs. In an interview in Playboy magazine in 1980, Lennon described it as, a better version of Lady Madonna. The recording captures the group deciding to drop the third verse largely because McCartney does not feel the verse is of enough quality. Here the song solidifies in its two-verse, three-solo format, Billy Preston joined the Beatles on keyboards from 22 January, having been recruited by Harrison partly with a view to deter bickering among the Beatles. The group with Preston playing Fender Rhodes electric piano recorded about ten takes on 23 January, on 27 January they made a concerted effort to perfect Get Back, recording about 14 takes. By this time the song had the addition of a false ending, after numerous takes the band jammed some old numbers and then returned to Get Back one last time in an attempt to record the master takeGet Back – "Get Back"
41. The Beatles – The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960. With members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, the Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960, with Stuart Sutcliffe initially serving as bass player. The core of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison went through a succession of drummers, including Pete Best, before asking Starr to join them. They acquired the nickname the Fab Four as Beatlemania grew in Britain the next year, from 1965 onwards, the Beatles produced increasingly innovative recordings, including the albums Rubber Soul, Revolver, Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band, The Beatles and Abbey Road, after their break-up in 1970, they each enjoyed successful musical careers of varying lengths. McCartney and Starr, the members, remain musically active. Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980, and Harrison died of cancer in November 2001. The Beatles are the band in history, with estimated sales of over 600 million records worldwide. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other act, according to the RIAA, the Beatles are also the best-selling music artists in the United States, with 178 million certified units. In 2008, the group topped Billboard magazines list of the all-time most successful Hot 100 artists, as of 2016 and they have received ten Grammy Awards, an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards. The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988 and they were also collectively included in Time magazines compilation of the twentieth centurys 100 most influential people. In March 1957, John Lennon, then aged sixteen, formed a group with several friends from Quarry Bank school. They briefly called themselves the Blackjacks, before changing their name to the Quarrymen after discovering that a local group was already using the other name. Fifteen-year-old Paul McCartney joined as a rhythm guitarist shortly after he, in February 1958, McCartney invited his friend George Harrison to watch the band. The fourteen-year-old auditioned for Lennon, impressing him with his playing, after a month of Harrisons persistence, they enlisted him as their lead guitarist. By January 1959, Lennons Quarry Bank friends had left the group, the three guitarists, billing themselves at least three times as Johnny and the Moondogs, were playing rock and roll whenever they could find a drummer. They used the name until May, when they became the Silver Beetles, before undertaking a tour of Scotland as the backing group for pop singer. By early July, they had changed their name to the Silver Beatles, allan Williams, the Beatles unofficial manager, arranged a residency for them in Hamburg, but lacking a full-time drummer they auditioned and hired Pete Best in mid-August 1960The Beatles – The "Fab Four" Beatles lineup in 1964 Top: Lennon, McCartney Bottom: Harrison, Starr
42. Billy Preston – William Everett Billy Preston was an American musician whose work included R&B, rock, soul, funk and gospel. He then went on to fame as a solo artist, with hit pop singles including Thats the Way God Planned It, Outa-Space, Will It Go Round in Circles, Space Race. Preston was the musician to be credited on a Beatles recording other than the groups four members. Preston was born on September 2,1946 in Houston, when he was three, the family moved to Los Angeles, where Preston began playing piano while sitting on his mother Robbies lap. Noted as a prodigy, Preston was entirely self-taught and never had a music lesson. By the age of ten, Preston was playing organ onstage backing several gospel singers such as Mahalia Jackson, James Cleveland, at age eleven, Preston appeared on Nat King Coles national TV show singing the Fats Domino hit, Blueberry Hill with Cole. Also at eleven, he appeared in the W. C, handy biopic starring Nat King Cole, St. Louis Blues, playing W. C. In 1962, Preston joined Little Richards band as an organist, in 1963, he played the organ on Sam Cookes Night Beat album and released his own debut album,16 Yr Old Soul, for Cookes SAR Records label. In 1965, he released the album The Most Exciting Organ Ever and performed on the rock, in 1967, he joined Ray Charles band. Following this exposure, several musicians began asking Preston to contribute to their sessions, Preston first met the Beatles as a 16-year-old in 1962, while part of Little Richards touring band, when their manager Brian Epstein organized a Liverpool show, at which the Beatles opened. The Washington Post explained their subsequent meeting, Preston is one of people referred to as the Fifth Beatle. At one point during the Get Back sessions, John Lennon proposed the idea of having him join the band. Preston played with the Beatles for several of the Get Back sessions, some of the material from which would later be culled to make the film Let it Be, Preston also accompanied the band for its rooftop concert, the groups final public appearance. In April 1969, their single Get Back was credited to The Beatles with Billy Preston, the credit was bestowed by the Beatles to reflect the extent of Prestons presence on the track, his electric piano is prominent throughout and he plays an extended solo. Preston also worked, in a limited role, on the Abbey Road album, contributing to the tracks I Want You. In 1978, he appeared as Sgt, pepper in Robert Stigwoods film Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band, which was based on the Beatles album of the same name, and sang Get Back as the penultimate song. Signed to the Beatles Apple Records label, in 1969, Preston released the album Thats the Way God Planned It, produced by Harrison, Preston also worked on solo releases by Lennon and Ringo StarrBilly Preston – Preston visiting the White House in 1974
43. In the Year 2525 – In the Year 2525 is a 1969 hit song by the American pop-rock duo of Zager and Evans. It reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for six weeks commencing July 12,1969 and it peaked at number one in the UK Singles Chart for three weeks in August and September that year. The song was written and composed by Rick Evans in 1964, Zager and Evans disbanded in 1971. It is unusual for a recording artist to have a one hit. Zager and Evans are the act to do this in both the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 and the UK Singles Chart. Their follow-up single on RCA-Victor, Mr. Turnkey, failed to hit the music charts on either side of the Atlantic Ocean. Another single, Listen to the People, managed to make the slot of the Cashbox chart at #100. In the Year 2525 opens with the words, In the year 2525, If man is alive, If woman can survive. Subsequent verses pick up the story at 1010-year intervals from 2525 to 6565, disturbing predictions are given for each selected year. In the year 3535, for example, all of a persons actions, words, the summary verse concludes, Now its been ten thousand years. Man has cried a billion tears, For what, he never knew, but through eternal night, The twinkling of starlight. So very far away, Maybe its only yesterday, the song goes back to the beginning, starting all over again, with 2525 before the songs fade. The song was recorded primarily in one take in 1968, at a studio in a cow pasture in Odessa, members of the Odessa Symphony also participated in the recording. Rick Evans – acoustic guitar, vocals Denny Zager – acoustic guitar, a notable version of In the Year 2525 is sung by the Italo-French pop singer, Dalida, another one by the UK new romantic group Visage, another one by Greek singer Takis Antoniadis in the 70s. Another version, with different lyrics, was used as the song for the short-lived science fiction series Cleopatra 2525. The Slovenian industrial group Laibach edited the lyrics in their version to make it appropriate for 1994s NATO album. In a scene from the 1992 film Alien 3, directed by David Fincher, the song was included in the controversial 2001 Clear Channel memorandum, a document distributed by Clear Channel Communications to every radio station owned by the company. The list consisted of 165 songs considered by Clear Channel to be lyrically questionable following the September 11,2001 attacks, 26th century Zager & Evans at Discogs Zager Easy Play Custom Guitars Zager Guitar Reviews Video on YouTubeIn the Year 2525 – German single cover
44. Andy Kim – Andrew Youakim, performing as Andy Kim, is a Canadian pop rock singer and songwriter. He grew up in Montreal, Quebec and he is known for a number of hits that he released in the late 1960s and 1970s, such as Rock Me Gently, which topped the US singles chart in 1974. He co-wrote Sugar, Sugar for The Archies, it was #1 for four weeks and was Record of the Year for 1969 and he has recorded under the stage name Baron Longfellow since the mid-1980s or just as Longfellow in the early 1990s. Andy Youakim was born in Montreal, Quebec, on 5 December in either 1946, various published interviews with Kim from the mid-1970s support the 1946 dating, while Kims current biography on his official website offers no specific year of birth. Youakim is the third of four sons of Lebanese immigrants and he moved to New York to pursue a career in music. If the 1952 birthdate is correct, then he was only 10 or 11 when he issued his first single in 1963. He recorded as Andy Kim, using the different last name as a way to obscure his Lebanese ethnicity, though on his earliest releases he still used the name Youakim in the writing credits. In 1968, after minor recording successes over the few years, Kim released the single Howd We Ever Get This Way. on the Steed label. Also in 1968, with Jeff Barry, Kim co-wrote Sugar, Sugar which was a hit single for The Archies, reaching #1 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 and ultimately becoming the RIAA Record of the Year. Kim & Barry wrote more songs for the Archies, and also for Changes, from The Monkees in 1970, baby, I Love You sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the R. I. A. A. in October 1969. Over the next few years, Kim recorded a few minor hits, in the spring of 1974, he released the self-penned Rock Me Gently, which went to #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, and rose to #2 on the UK Singles Chart. Rock Me Gently sold three million copies globally, earning Kim his second gold disc, Kim had shied away from touring for years before then, when he was working with the Steed label. He has said that he had created a person in his music in the vein of a white blond surfer, as well, he had altered his voice on his earlier records to sound younger. In 1976, Kim altered the spelling of his pseudonym to Andy Kimm, shortly thereafter, he adopted the stage name Baron Longfellow and issued the first single under that name in 1978. That was followed by a self-titled album Baron Longfellow in 1980 and, also under the same pseudonym, both of these albums met with moderate success. In 1991, Kim again went by the name Longfellow and recorded the single Powerdrive, in 1995, Kim played at the Kumbaya Festival, at which the Barenaked Ladies were also performing. Nearly a decade later, the bands Ed Robertson convinced Kim to come out of retirement, Robertson co-wrote the song I Forgot to Mention with him and offered to produce the track. The single was released on a 5-track EP in 2004 which included a re-recording of Powerdrive, in March 2005, Kim received the annual Indie Award for Favorite Solo Artist during Canadian Music WeekAndy Kim – Andy Kim in 1970
45. The Lettermen – The Lettermen is an American male pop vocal trio. The Lettermens trademark is close-harmony pop songs with light arrangements and they have had two Top 10 singles,16 Top 10 singles on the Adult Contemporary chart,32 consecutive Billboard Magazine chart albums,11 gold records, and five Grammy nominations. A Lettermen group was formed in the late 1950s by Mike Barnett, Dick Stewart and they auditioned for Jackie Barnett for the Newcomers of 1928 revue. It was Barnett who gave the group their name, now as The Lettermen, they landed the part to impersonate The Rhythm Boys, the vocal group that traveled with Paul Whiteman and his orchestra in the late 1920s, and gave Bing Crosby his initial fame. The Newcomers of 1928 revue opened on 28 February 1958 at the Desert Inn in Las Vegas, Nevada and also starred Paul Whiteman, Buster Keaton, Rudy Vallée, Harry Richman and they played to sell-out audiences and were held over for many weeks. Continuing with a tryout at the Deauville Hotel in Miami Beach, Florida. Barnett and Russell were replaced by Gary Clarke and Jerry Paul, when the tryout ended, Butala landed a job as singer/bass player in a lounge group, Bill Norvis and the Upstarts, with Gary Clarke. After a few months, Clarke left the group and was replaced by Jim Pike, Pike and Butala decided to leave the Upstarts and form a new group although they had not yet decided to use the Lettermen name. Pike envisioned a group each member was an excellent soloist as well as a great group singer. Pike and Butala joined with the third Letterman, Bob Engemann, the combination of Pike, Engemann and Butala first recorded in 1960. Karl Engemann years later became Marie Osmonds personal manager for many years, Pike, Butala, and Engemann as The Lettermen released two singles in 1960 for Warner Bros. The A-sides were Two Hearts and Their Hearts Were Full of Spring, karl Engemann moved on to Capitol Records as President of A&R. He got them out of their contract at Warner Bros. and made an appointment for them to see Nick Venet, a producer at Capitol, and they signed there. There was another Lettermen group in the late 1950s and early 1960s that recorded for Liberty Records, an R&B group with five members, about that same time there was a third group called the Lettermen Trio, headed up by Sammy Vandenburg, who also had no record success. But the Lettermen of Pike, Engemann, and Butala had the first hit record, the Lettermen were unknown until they signed with Capitol Records in 1961. Their first single for Capitol, The Way You Look Tonight, succeeded on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart and their next, When I Fall in Love, reached the Top 10 in late 1962 and hit No.1 on AC. They had several other Top 10 AC hits, such as 1965s Theme From A Summer Place, in late 1967 Bob Engemann resigned and was replaced by Jim Pikes younger brother, Gary Pike. The last successful single was in 1971, John Lennons Love, the Lettermen have had two Top 10 singles,16 Top 10 Adult Contemporary singles, including one Adult Contemporary NoThe Lettermen – The trio in 1964.
46. Green River (song) – Green River is a song by American rock band Creedence Clearwater Revival. The song was written by John Fogerty and was released as a single in July 1969, the song Green River was based on a vacation spot for John Fogerty. In an interview Fogerty gave to Rolling Stone in 2012, Fogerty stated, What really happened is that I used a setting like New Orleans and it wasnt called Green River, but in my mind I always sort of called it Green River. All those little anecdotes are part of my childhood, those are things that happened to me actually, I just wrote about them, Fogerty added that the actual specific reference, Green River, I got from a soda pop-syrup label. My flavor was called Green River, Green River was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America on December 13,1990. Mary Wilson of The Supremes worked with UK record producer Gus Dudgeon on a version in the early 1980s. Country band Alabama recorded a version of the song that appears on their 1982 album Mountain Music. The Minutemen included a live cover of the song on their 1984 EP Tour-Spiel. Bill Wymans Rhythm Kings covered it on their first album, Struttin Our Stuff, the song is available as a playable song for the Rock Band series of music video games as downloadable content. This song is played in the trailer for the film Taking Woodstock, the song is featured in the video game Grand Theft Auto, San Andreas on the classic rock radio station K-DST. This song is played during the lawn mower race in the King Of The Hill episode Hanks Back Story The song is featured in the video game Mafia III on the in-game radio, lyrics of this song at MetroLyricsGreen River (song) – "Green River"
47. My Cherie Amour (song) – My Cherie Amour is a 1969 soul classic by Motown singer-songwriter Stevie Wonder. The song was recorded from late 1967 to early 1968. The song was co-written by Wonder, Sylvia Moy, and Henry Cosby, Cosby also served as producer of the song. The song was written about Wonders girlfriend while he was at the Michigan School for the Blind in Lansing, Michigan. After they broke up, the lyrics and title were altered to the more general My Cherie Amour, all the instruments except for the horns and the strings were recorded on November 8,1967. Then, on November 17 of that year, the horns and strings were added at Golden World Records, the song became a #4 hit on both the Billboard pop and R&B singles charts in July 1969. Wonder also released Spanish- and Italian-language versions entitled Mi Querido Amor and My Cherie Amor, in 2012 My Cherie Amour was used in the film Silver Linings Playbook directed by David O. Russell and starring Jennifer Lawrence, Bradley Cooper, and Robert De Niro. In 2014 My Cherie Amour was sampled by British DJ Philip George for his single Wish You Were Mine which was a hit all over Europe, marion Meadows, The Soul Train Gang, Rod Stewart, Tony Thompson, Stanley Turrentine, and Andy WilliamsMy Cherie Amour (song) – "My Cherie Amour"
48. Stevie Wonder – Stevland Hardaway Morris, known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist. A child prodigy, he is considered to be one of the most critically and commercially successful musical performers of the late 20th century, Wonder signed with Motowns Tamla label at the age of 11, and he continued performing and recording for Motown into the 2010s. He has been blind since shortly after birth, Wonder is also noted for his work as an activist for political causes, including his 1980 campaign to make Martin Luther King Jr. s birthday a holiday in the United States. In 2009, Wonder was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace, in 2013, Billboard magazine released a list of the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists to celebrate the US singles charts 55th anniversary, with Wonder at number six. Stevie Wonder was born in Saginaw, Michigan, in 1950, the third of six children of Calvin Judkins and Lula Mae Hardaway, when Wonder was four, his mother left his father and moved to Detroit with her children. She changed her back to Lula Hardaway and later changed her sons surname to Morris. Wonder has retained Morris as his legal surname and he began playing instruments at an early age, including piano, harmonica and drums. He formed a partnership with a friend, calling themselves Stevie and John, they played on street corners. Before signing, producer Clarence Paul gave him the name Little Stevie Wonder, because of Wonders age, the label drew up a rolling five-year contract in which royalties would be held in trust until Wonder was 21. He and his mother would be paid a stipend to cover their expenses, Wonder received $2.50 a week. Wonder was put in the care of producer and songwriter Clarence Paul, tribute to Uncle Ray was recorded first, when Wonder was still 11 years old. Mainly covers of Ray Charless songs, it included a Wonder and Paul composition, the Jazz Soul of Little Stevie was recorded next, an instrumental album consisting mainly of Pauls compositions, two of which, Wondering and Session Number 112, were co-written with Wonder. At the end of 1962, when Wonder was 12 years old, he joined the Motortown Revue, at the Regal Theater, Chicago, his 20-minute performance was recorded and released in May 1963 as the album Recorded Live, The 12 Year Old Genius. A single, Fingertips, from the album was released in May. The song, featuring a confident and enthusiastic Wonder returning for a spontaneous encore that catches out the replacement bass player, was a No.1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 when Wonder was aged 13, making him the youngest artist ever to top the chart. The single was simultaneously No.1 on the R&B chart and his next few recordings, however, were not successful, his voice was changing as he got older, and some Motown executives were considering cancelling his recording contract. During 1964, Wonder appeared in two films as himself, Muscle Beach Party and Bikini Beach, but these were not successful either, sylvia Moy persuaded label owner Berry Gordy to give Wonder another chance. He also began to work in the Motown songwriting department, composing songs both for himself and his mates, including The Tears of a Clown, a No.1 hit for Smokey RobinsonStevie Wonder – Wonder performing in 1973
49. Smith (band) – Smith was an American rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1969. They had a sound and scored a Top 5 hit in 1969 with a cover of the Burt Bacharach song Baby Its You. This disc sold over one million copies between July and October 1969, out-charted popular versions by the Beatles and the Shirelles, and received a gold record awarded by the R. I. A. A. The group evolved from The Smiths, which featured two of the members, and had attempted a hit single with Now I Taste The Tears. Tears was a brooding, foreboding sounding record that didnt chart well, when the band did not succeed, McCormick, who had started her career singing songs by Tina Turner, Etta James and others, was added as a front woman and lead vocalist. The group were discovered by 1960s rocker Del Shannon in a nightclub in Los Angeles. Shannon arranged Baby Its You for the group and got signed to the ABC-Dunhill label. Smith released an album titled A Group Called Smith, which spent 11 weeks in the Top 40 album listings of the since-called Billboard 200 record chart, on the album, vocals were split amongst Rich Cliburn, Jerry Carter and McCormick. Smith recorded an album titled Minus-Plus with lesser success since it only reached #74. Smiths version of The Weight was included on the epochal Easy Rider soundtrack because, due to contractual reasons, The Bands version, most of their material consisted of covers of popular rock and R&B tunes. The bands singles Take a Look Around and What Am I Gonna Do reached the charts, the bands hit Baby Its You was featured in Quentin Tarantinos Grindhouse film, Death Proof. After Smith disbanded, McCormick went on to three solo albums, Gayle McCormick in 1971, Flesh & Blood in 1972 and One More Hour in 1974. The single Its A Cryin Shame from her eponymous first album was a hit for her. It and Gonna Be Alright Now were included on the 1994 reissue of A Group Called SmithSmith (band) – Smith in 1970
50. In the Ghetto – In the Ghetto is a song written by Mac Davis and made famous by Elvis Presley, who had a major comeback hit with it in 1969. It was released in 1969 as a 45 rpm single with Any Day Now as the flip side and it is a narrative of generational poverty, a boy is born to a mother who already has more children than she can feed in the ghetto of Chicago. The boy grows up hungry, steals and fights, purchases a gun and steals a car, attempts to run, the song implies that the newborn will meet the same fate, continuing the cycle of poverty and violence. In the Ghetto was recorded during Presleys session in the American Sound Studio in Memphis and it was Presleys first creative recording session since the 68 Comeback. Other hits recorded at this session were Suspicious Minds, Kentucky Rain, the song was Presleys first Top 10 hit in the US in four years, peaking at number 3, and his first UK Top 10 hit in three years, peaking at No.2. It was a hit in West Germany, Ireland, Norway, Australia. As a major hit, Presley included it in his setlist during his return to live performances at the International Hotel in Las Vegas in 1969. This version started without pause at the end of another hit from 1969 – Dont Cry Daddy, the song was recorded in 2007 by Lisa Marie Presley as a duet with her father to raise money for the Presley Foundation. The song was released on iTunes, after Elvis Presley, the song has been performed by many other artists. Among them were, most notably, Sammy Davis Jr, the Voice, Natalie Merchant, Bad Lieutenant, Fair Warning, Beats International, Eleanor Shanley, Chris Clark and Hecchi & Kethmer. The KLF used a sample of the Elvis recording in their ambient DJ album Chill Out, Mac Davis recorded a version of the song for a greatest hits album released in 1979. In 2011, Chris de Burgh covered the song on his album Footsteps 2, dancehall singer Sister Nancy used some of the songs lyrics in the song Coward of the Country, which appeared on her 1982 album One, Two. In 2014, cricketer Andrew Flintoff was asked to sing Elvis and he proceeded to sing In The Ghetto whilst the game was going on. In the Ghetto was covered by Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds and was their debut single and it was recorded at the Trident Studios in London and released as a 7 on June 18,1984 with the B-side The Moon Is in the Gutter. It reached 84 on the UK Singles Chart, while originally not present on any album, it was later included on the CD reissue of the bands first album, From Her to Eternity. In the Comedy Central show South Park, Eric Cartman sings In the Ghetto on two occasions, once in Chickenpox, then again when Kennys soul is trapped in Cartmans body in A Ladder to Heaven. Paul Shanklin recorded a parody called In a Yugo for Rush Limbaugh, in which an environmentally conscious family buys a Yugo to save gas, only to get killed by a truck after swerving to miss a duck. Later, Shanklin updated his parody for a new generation too young to remember the Yugo, replacing it with its perceived equivalent, el Vez recorded a version titled En el Barrio that mixed humor with details about Chicano strugglesIn the Ghetto – "In the Ghetto"