Billie Joe Armstrong is an American singer, musician, record producer, actor. Armstrong serves as the lead vocalist, primary songwriter, lead guitarist of the punk rock band Green Day, co-founded with Mike Dirnt, he is a guitarist and vocalist for the punk rock band Pinhead Gunpowder, provides lead vocals for Green Day's side projects Foxboro Hot Tubs, The Network, The Longshot. Raised in Rodeo, Armstrong developed an interest in music at a young age, recorded his first song at the age of five, he met Mike Dirnt while attending elementary school, the two bonded over their mutual interest in music, forming the band Sweet Children when the two were 14 years old. The band changed its name to Green Day, would achieve commercial success. Armstrong has pursued musical projects outside of Green Day's work, including numerous collaborations with other musicians. In 1997, to coincide with the release of Nimrod, Armstrong founded Adeline Records in Oakland to help support other bands releasing music, signed bands such as The Frustrators, AFI and Dillinger Four.
The record company came under the management of Pat Magnarella and shut down in August 2017. In 2018, Armstrong formed the band The Coverups along with Dirnt and several members of the tech crew from Green Day. Armstrong was born in Oakland and raised in nearby Rodeo, the youngest of six children of Ollie Jackson and Andrew Marciano Armstrong. Armstrong's father, a jazz musician and truck driver for Safeway, died of esophageal cancer in September 1982, when Armstrong was 10; the song "Wake Me Up. He has five older siblings: David, Marci and Anna, his mother worked as waitress at Rod's Hickory Pit restaurant in El Cerrito, where Armstrong and Dirnt played their first gig in 1987. Armstrong's great-great-grandparents Pietro Marsicano and Teresa Nigro were Italian immigrants from Viggiano, Basilicata who moved to Boston, Massachusetts before arriving in Berkeley, California in 1869. For this, he received the honorary citizenship of Viggiano in June 2018 by mayor Amedeo Cicala, he is of Scotch-Irish, Scottish, Spanish and Welsh descent.
Armstrong's interest in music started at a young age. He attended Hillcrest Elementary School in Rodeo, where a teacher encouraged him to record a song titled "Look for Love" at the age of five on the Bay Area label Fiat Records. After his father died, his mother married a man whom her children disliked, which resulted in Armstrong's further retreat into music. At the age of 10, Armstrong met Mike Dirnt in the school cafeteria, they bonded over their love of music, he became interested in punk rock after being introduced to the genre by his brothers. Armstrong has cited Minneapolis-based bands The Replacements and Hüsker Dü as major musical influences; the first concert Armstrong watched was Van Halen in 1984. Armstrong and Dirnt's first live performance under the name Green Day was in Davis, a town an hour's drive northeast of the San Francisco Bay area. Along with Hillcrest Elementary, Armstrong attended Carquinez Middle School and John Swett High School, both in Crockett, transferred to Pinole Valley High School in Pinole.
On his 18th birthday, he dropped out to pursue his musical career. In 1987, aged 15, Armstrong formed a band called Sweet Children with his childhood friend Mike Dirnt. In the beginning and Dirnt both played guitar, with Raj Punjabi on drums and Sean Hughes on bass. Punjabi was replaced on drums by John Kiffmeyer known as Al Sobrante. After a few performances, Hughes left the band in 1988, they changed their name to Green Day in April 1989, choosing the name because of their fondness for marijuana. In 1989, Armstrong provided lead guitar and backing vocals on three songs for The Lookouts' final EP IV; that same year, Green Day released their debut EP 1,000 Hours through Lookout! Records, they recorded their debut studio album 39/Smooth and the extended play Slappy in 1990, which were combined with 1,000 Hours into the compilation 1,039/Smoothed Out Slappy Hours in 1991. Tré Cool became Green Day's drummer in late 1990. Cool made his debut on Kerplunk. In 1991, Armstrong joined the band Pinhead Gunpowder, consisting of bassist Bill Schneider, drummer Aaron Cometbus, fellow vocalist/guitarist Sarah Kirsch.
Kirsch left the group in 1992, was replaced by Jason White. The group has released several extended plays and albums from 1991 to the present, performs live shows on an intermittent basis. In 1993, Armstrong played live several times with California punk band Rancid. Rancid's lead singer, Tim Armstrong, asked Billie Joe Armstrong to join his band, but he refused due to his progress with Green Day. However, Billie Joe Armstrong was credited as a co-writer on Radio. With their third LP, Green Day broke through into the mainstream, have remained one of the most popular rock bands of the 1990s and 2000s with over 60 million records sold worldwide; the album was followed by Insomniac and Warning. Armstrong collaborated with many artists, he co-wrote The Go-Go's 2001 song "Unforgiven". He has co-written songs with Penelope Houston, sung backing vocals with Melissa Auf der Maur on Ryan Adams' "Do Miss America". Armstrong produced an album for The Riverdales, he was part of the Green Day side
Pablo González Cuesta is a Spanish writer born in Seville. Until the age of three, he lived in Sao Paulo, his family moved to Barcelona and to Madrid where he remained until 2001. He resides in Punucapa, close to Valdivia. Pablo Gonz obtained a degree in Geography and History from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in 1991. In that same period date his first steps in literature, being his major literary references: Gabriel García Márquez, Eduardo Mendoza, Leo Tolstoy and Stefan Zweig. 1996: La pasión de Octubre. 1997: Experto en silencios. 1998: Los hijos de León Armendiaguirre. 2008: Libertad. 2008: Mío. 2010: Libertad. 2011: Mío.. 2013: Novela 35 lebensráumica. 2014: Novela 31. 2014: Lavrenti y el soldado herido. 2010: La saliva del tigre. 1995: V Prensa Canaria Novel Award for La pasión de Octubre. 1997: V Juan March Cencillo Brief Novel Award for Experto en silencios. 2008: II Encina de Plata Brief Novel Award for Mío. 2011: Calaix de Llibres Short Fiction Award for El Manchado. Publishing houses: http://www.albaeditorial.es http://www.editorial.planeta.es http://www.uqbareditores.cl https://web.archive.org/web/20110720134015/http://www.carismalibros.es/Articles and news: http://dare.uva.nl/document/63721 http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=189408 http://www.elpais.com/articulo/cultura/Pablo/Gonzalez/Cuesta/gana/premio/Juan/March/novela/breve/elpepicul/19970808elpepicul_7/Tes/ http://www.hoy.es/20080427/navalmoral/chileno-pablo-gonzalez-gana-20080427.html http://violantbcn3.blogspot.com/p/ganadores-del-concurso-de-relatos.htmlBlogs: http://pablogonz.wordpress.com http://pablogonzalezcuesta.blogspot.comAudiobooks: http://www.ivoox.com/novela-35-lebensraumica-pablo-gonz-audios-mp3_rf_2186463_1.html
Laguna Catemaco is a freshwater lake located at the center of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas in south central Veracruz, in east central Mexico. The word lagoon in English, laguna in Spanish describes a body of shallow brackish water next to the sea, thus despite the name, Laguna de Catemaco is not an actual fresh water lake. Common usage in Mexico is Laguna de Catemaco, though scientific articles tend to use the correct and less ambiguous name of Lake Catemaco in English, Lago Catemaco in Spanish. Laguna Catemaco was formed millennia ago, when lava flow from Volcano San Martin Tuxtla blocked its current northern end, stands now at 340 m above sea level, it is shallow, averaging 7.6 m, with a maximum depth of 22 meters located in the channel between Isla Agaltepec and the city of Catemaco. The circulation pattern is clockwise; the laguna drains via the Rio Grande de Catemaco and its water level is controlled by several dams which replaced historic waterfalls. The change in water level is more than can be explained by outflow.
The laguna sits upon fissures permitting water to percolate down. The lake is polymictic, well oxygenated, contains excessive nutrients because of fertilizer runoff from the neighboring farms and nurseries; because of the excessive nutrients, Laguna Catemaco is one of the more productive lakes in Mexico, up to 1,800 tons annually. Large netting is prohibited to assure the livelihood of more than a thousand registered fishermen. A perch-like fish called Oreochromis aureus was introduced from Africa, while a sardine like Topote, the snail Tegogolo are the most common catches. According to Miller and Conner there are 14 species of fish in Lake Catemaco. Two species, Micropterus salmoides Lacepède and Oreochromis aureus Steindachner have been introduced into the lake, another two species, Vieja fenestrata Günther and Ophisternon aenigmaticum Rosen & Greenwood, are widespread throughout eastern Mexico and Central America. Of the remaining 10 species, five are endemic to the lake and five may represent undescribed species endemic to the lake.
The high rate of endemicity suggests that Lake Catemaco has been biogeographically isolated for some time since its origin up to 2 million years ago. Laguna Catemaco has a surface area of 72.54 km2, is formed like an elliptical parabola and is square with maximum width and axis of a little more than 10 km. It contains 552,000,000 cubic metres of water; the laguna is Mexico's eighteenth in size of water bodies, seventh in size of lakes and lagunas, third in size of lakes. Prevailing climate is hot and humid with average temperature of 23.4 °C. Rainfall varies seasonally with averages of 2,068 mm recorded at 4,614 mm at Coyame. Winds from the Gulf of Mexico enter the Catemaco watershed through an opening in the surrounding mountains located to the north of the town of Coyame, cross the lake in a NE-SW direction, blowing over the lake throughout the year. From February to October, northeast winds are dominant. Colder and faster northern winds blow from November to January; the tropical rainforest that once covered all the watershed of the lake has been decimated in the last few decades.
Sedimentation has increased, affecting the clarity of its waters and if left uncontrolled will fill in the lake in the far future. The shoreline is irregular, with remnants of several volcanic cones and its perimeter is about 50 km and would be an ideal venue for 50 km sporting events, if circumnavigation were possible. At present a gap in the lake shore road at Tepeyaga peninsula prohibits this. There are several volcanic islands within the lake. Several of these islands are stocked with native and imported monkeys as a University of Veracruz research project; this has led to more than 70 small boats scurrying tourists from Catemaco city across the lake to view the free ranging monkeys. The lake has been the backdrop for movies, including Sean Connery's Medicine Man. Laguna Catemaco Guide