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Billy Bremner

William John Bremner was a Scottish professional footballer and manager known for his strength and compact constitution. A midfielder, he played for Leeds United from 1959 to 1976, captained the side during this time, the most successful period of the club's history. At Leeds, he won the First Division, Second Division, Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, FA Cup, League Cup, Charity Shield; the club finished second in numerous competitions, being runners-up five times in the English league and seven times in cup finals, including the 1975 European Cup. He was named as the FWA Footballer of the Year in 1970 and was listed on the PFA Team of the Year in 1973–74, he has since been voted Leeds United's greatest player of all time and has a statue outside the south-east corner of their Elland Road stadium. He has been included in the Football League 100 Legends and is a member of both the English Football Hall of Fame and Scottish Football Hall of Fame, he spent 1976 to 1978 at Hull City, before being appointed player-manager at Doncaster Rovers in November 1978.

He spent seven years at the helm, guiding the club to promotion out of the Fourth Division in 1980–81 and 1983–84, before he took on the manager's job at Leeds United in October 1985. He could not get the club promoted back into the top-flight and left the club in September 1988, he returned to Doncaster in July 1989, ending his second spell in charge in November 1991. He is on the Scotland national football team roll of honour for having won more than 50 caps for Scotland, he captained his country at the 1974 FIFA World Cup, where Scotland failed to advance from the group stage despite going unbeaten in the competition. Born in Stirling, Scotland, to James and Bridget Bremner, he attended St Modan's High School and represented Scotland Schoolboys, his father forbade him from joining Celtic as he did not want him involved in the religion-based rivalry with Rangers, Bremner rejected both Arsenal and Chelsea as he did not enjoy his stay in London during trial spells with the two clubs, was instead convinced to join Bill Lambton's Leeds United in 1959.

He joined along with his friend Tommy Henderson, who would return to Scotland due to homesickness without making a first team debut. Manager Jack Taylor gave him his debut at outside-right in a 3–1 win against Chelsea at Stamford Bridge, at the age of 17 years and 47 days. A The Sunday Times headline dubbed him as "10st of barbed wire" due to his tenacity and tough tackling. Regular outside-right Chris Crowe was sold to Blackburn Rovers in March 1960, allowing Bremner to take his place on a permanent basis. However, Leeds went on to be relegated from the First Division at the end of the 1959–60 season. Dropped following an opening day defeat by Liverpool at Anfield, Bremner had to win back his first team place in the 1960–61 season after meeting with Jack Taylor to explain his frustration at being left out of the team. Taylor resigned in March 1961, player Don Revie was promoted to manager. Revie rejected an approach of £25,000 from Hibernian for Bremner, despite the player wanting to return to Scotland to be with his fiancée.

Leeds struggled in the 1961–62 campaign, finishing just three points above the Second Division relegation zone, despite 12 goals in 45 appearances from Bremner, who finished as the club's joint top-scorer alongside centre-half Jack Charlton. One bright spot was the signing of Bobby Collins in March, who helped form the "win-at-all-costs" attitude that defined Leeds and Bremner throughout the rest of Revie's 13 years as manager. United had a more promising 1962–63 campaign, finishing four points shy of promotion, though Bremner was limited to 24 appearances, he was out of form and dropped from the first team during the end of season run-in, which contained a disproportionately large number of games due to the high level of postponements that occurred during the harsh winter. Revie moved Bremner to central midfield, bought Manchester United's Johnny Giles to create what would prove to be one of the most effective central midfield partnerships of the next 12 years. With Bremner and Giles in midfield, Leeds went on to win promotion as champions in the 1963–64 season.

The club won no friends in doing so however, the following summer were labelled by the Football Association's own FA News as "the dirtiest in the Football League. In November of the 1964–65 season Bremner featured in a win at Everton, marred by violent clashes on the pitch, the game was stopped for a short spell ten minutes before half-time as the referee felt that a spell of cooling down was needed to prevent further violence. A run of victories put the club top by the new year, however they lost the title on goal average to Manchester United after drawing the last game of the season with already-relegated Birmingham City; the Manchester club would become a keen rival, one which intensified after Leeds knocked them out of the FA Cup at the semi-finals after two physical encounters. Leeds faced Liverpool in the final at Wembley, the game went to extra-time after a 0–0 draw. In October 1965, Leeds skipper Collins was injured in an Inter-Cities Fairs Cup game against Torino and Revie gave the captaincy to Bremner after i

Columbia, Newberry and Laurens Railroad

The Columbia and Laurens Railroad was a 75-mile railroad line between Columbia and Laurens. In 1885, the South Carolina General Assembly issued a charter for the Columbia and Laurens Railroad, the line was christened on Christmas Day 1885. In 1890, work began on the track and by July 1891, the line was complete from Columbia through Newberry to Dover Junction, nearly 65 miles north of the state capital. In 1896, the Laurens Railroad was purchased from the Richmond & Danville Railroad to complete the line to Laurens; the first locomotive of the CN&L was built in 1887 and sold in 1922. The CN&L ran daily passenger trains from Union Station in Columbia to Laurens, always pulled by steam until the early 1930s, when it switched to its own station in Columbia at 630 Gervais Street. Passenger service was discontinued in 1952. Not the railroad saw to the creation of towns along its line. Towns such as Irmo, Little Mountain and Joanna owe their existence in part to their locations along the CN&L. In 1924 the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad acquired control of the line.

It became part of the CSX Transportation system in 1984. Martin, F. Will; the Columbia and Laurens Railroad: The Dutch Fork Line. Slipped Pinion Publishing. ISBN 978-1467562799

Leonel Bontempo

Leonel Juan Daniel Bontempo is an Argentine footballer who plays as a left back for Barracas Central. Born in Buenos Aires, Bontempo played youth football for Quilmes, he made his first team – and Primera División – debut on 4 August 2013, starting in a 0–2 away loss against Rosario Central. Bontempo became a regular starter for the club during his first professional campaign, contributing with 18 matches, he remained undisputed in the following three seasons, being released in July 2016 after his contract expired. In August 2016, Bontempo was linked to a move to Championship club Sheffield Wednesday. However, nothing came of it and he signed for Spanish Segunda División B club Racing de Santander on 20 September. Leonel Bontempo at ESPN FC Leonel Bontempo at BDFutbol Leonel Bontempo at Soccerway

Alexander Crutchfield

Alexander Crutchfield is an American businessman and investor. Born in Tucson, Arizona, a fifth generation Arizonan, he earned a BA in African History and Accounting from Claremont McKenna College as a Distinguished Scholar and recipient of the CMC Student Citizen Award, he earned an MBA in Accounting from Columbia University Graduate School of Business. He is a member of Mensa. Crutchfield founded American Water Development Inc. with Maurice Strong, Robert O. Anderson, David R. Williams, Jr, Samuel Belzberg, served as its Vice Chairman. AWDI launched the first attempt to create a large scale private water development project in the Western United States. Other members of the board of directors included Richard D. Lamm; this project, failed to gain regulatory or legal approval. He served as Vice Chairman of First Colorado Corporation, a private company which acquired and developed over 500,000 acres of land and mineral rights in seven western states, he founded Oasis Partners, an investment and advisory firm.

Oasis Partners originates and invests in opportunities in real estate and private equity, focused on US and UK Real Estate and India. He serves as the Chair of the Advisory Board of Griffin Capital in London, he is an expert on Middle East Energy matters and is a frequent speaker and contributor on these issues, notably in Qatar. He serves as an advisor or on the boards of numerous private companies and not for profit organizations including: Arizona Cancer Center at the University Medical Center - an NCI-designated Cancer Center Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Advisory Board of the Center of the American West at the University of Colorado Boulder Cisco Learning Institute, an affiliate of Cisco Systems, Inc. Arizona Club Arizona Humanities Council "Where in the World are We Going" by Maurice Strong. "Crossing the Next Meridian" by Charles F. Wilkinson "The Next West: Public Lands and Economy in the American West" by John Baden The Atlas of the New West by The Center of the American West

1935 Cork Senior Hurling Championship

The 1935 Cork Senior Hurling Championship was the 47th staging of the Cork Senior Hurling Championship since its establishment by the Cork County Board in 1887. The draw for the opening round fixtures took place at the Cork Convention on 27 January 1935; the championship began on 14 April 1935 and ended on 13 October 1935. Glen Rovers were the defending champions. On 13 October 1935, Glen Rovers won the championship following a walkover by Carrigtwohill; this was the second of eight successive championships. The 1-05 to 1-02 defeat of Éire Óg by St. Colman's was their first championship victory; the championship culminated in a bloodless final or the first time since 1922. Carrigtwohill withdrew from the championship after complaining that they were not notified of the fixture according to the rules of the Gaelic Athletic Association, they had several players injured in the semi-final and were unable to field a representative team

Béla Harkányi

Béla Harkányi was a Hungarian astrophysicist. Harkányi was first to determine the temperatures and the diameters of individual stars other than the Sun. Harkányi was born in Budapest in a prosperous noble family. From 1895 the family held the title of Baron. After finishing secondary school and three years of undergraduate studies in Budapest, Béla Harkányi went on to study one year in Leipzig in Strasbourg visiting major astronomical institutes in Germany and the USA, including Lick Observatory, he obtained his PhD in 1896 at the Royal Hungarian University of Sciences in Budapest. Next he spent two years at the Observatory of Paris with postgraduate studies, among others, Poincaré's university lectures. In the first half of 1899 he worked in the Observatory of Potsdam under J. F. Hartmann, following which he started work in the astronomical observatory of Miklós Konkoly-Thege in Ógyalla. Here he conducted observational photometry while he developed an interest in theoretical astrophysics, under the influence of his friend and associate, Radó Kövesligethy.

He collaborated with Loránd Eötvös in the gravivariometric experiments in 1901. In 1903 he left Ógyalla and moved back to Budapest, where from 1907 he became Privatdozent in the Institute for Cosmography and Geophysics of the university, led by Radó Kövesligethy. In 1911 he was elected a corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. In the political upheaval following Austria-Hungary's 1918 military collapse, Harkányi was nominated to be full professor during the short-lived communist dictatorship of 1919. In the aftermath, this promotion was declared void together with all other measures introduced by the communist regime. Together with Harkányi's non-pushy character and his financial self-reliance, this episode may have played a role in that, despite his achievements, Harkányi was never appointed to a university chair. Contemporaries describe Harkányi as a reclusive personality with an extensive, encyclopaedic knowledge and a strong critical streak. Harkányi's most outstanding result was the first determination of the surface temperature for individual stars other than the Sun.

Prior to 1902, when his relevant study was published, data only existed for the Sun's effective temperature. The range of temperatures of other stars had roughly been bracketed by Scheiner in 1894. Harkányi realized that the recent success in determining the form of blackbody spectrum offered a way to determine stellar temperatures by fitting the blackbody curve to spectrophotometric observations of stars to determine the location of the maximum of the blackbody curve, from which the temperature follows applying Wien's displacement law, it is notable that this method works if the maximum is outside the spectral range of observations. Using Vogel's spectrophotometric data, available at 7 or 8 wavelength values, Harkányi performed the fit and obtained Wien temperatures for 5 stars; the values obtained tend to be on the low side by 500/2500 K for late/early type stars, respectively. Sources of the error include errors in the observational data, it took decades until the temperatures of these stars could be nailed down with better precision.

In 1910 he further developed an earlier result by R. Kövesligethy, deriving the relation between colour temperature and surface brightness of a star in the visual domain. Comparing this value with the absolute magnitudes of stars with known parallax, he was able to derive estimates for the physical sizes and apparent angular diameters of 17 stars for the first time. Harkányi was involved in photometric studies of variable stars and empirical studies of the relation between stellar temperatures, spectral types and absolute magnitudes, he pointed out the existence of stars below the main sequence of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram known as subdwarfs. Independent research papers: Harkányi B.: A sarkmagasság ingadozása. Die Bestimmung und die Theorie Polhöhenschwankungen. Budapest Harkányi B.: A Nova Persei photometrikus megfigyelése. Ógyallai Kis. Kiadv. 1 Harkányi B. A Nova Persei photometriai megfigyelése az Ó-Gyallai observatoriumon. Mat. Term. Ért. 19, 374-393 Harkányi B.: Beobachtungen der Nova Persei.

Astr. Nachr. 155, 155 Harkányi B.: Photometrische Beobachtungen der Nova Persei. Astr. Nachr. 156, 79 Harkányi B.: Über die Temperaturbestimmung der Fixsterne auf spectralphotometrischem Wege. Astr. Nachr. 158, 17 Harkányi B. Über die Flächenhelligkeit, photometrische Größe und Temperatur der Sterne Astr. Nachr. 185, 33 Harkányi B. Darstellung der photometrischen und photographischen Größe als Funktion der Temperatur der Sterne Astr. Nachr. 186, 161 Harkányi B.: Adalékok a csillagok fejlõdésének elméletéhez. Mat. Term. Ért. 39, 30-47 Harkányi B.: Über den Einfluß der absoluten Größe auf die effektive Temperatur der Sterne. Astr. Nachr. 217, 365 Harkányi B.: Über die Kapteynschen Parallaxenformeln. Astr. Nachr. 223, 135 PhD thesis: Harkányi B.: A sarkmagasság-változások meghatározása és elméleti magyarázata. Dokt. ért. Budapest Descriptive and popular astronomy articles: Harkányi B.: Az észak-amerikai observatóriumokról. Math. Phys. Lapok 3, 139 Harkányi B.: Az égitestek hőmérsékletének meghatározása. Math. Phys. Lapok 12, 256-274 Harkányi B.: Az anomal dispersio szerepe az asztrofizikában.

Math. Phys. Lapok 13, 143-155 Harkányi B.: A