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Varlam Cherkezishvili

Prince Varlam Cherkezishvili was a Georgian politician and journalist, involved in anarchist communist movement, in the Georgian national liberation movement. He was known as Warlaam Tcherkesoff or Varlam Cherkezov in Russian manner, he was born into the family of the Georgian Prince Aslan Cherkezishvili in Georgia. He was sent to be educated in Russia in the 1850s, he joined the Russian socialist movement at its beginnings, was arrested twice between 1866 and 1869. Following a trial in the summer of 1871, he was imprisoned at the Peter and Paul Fortress, exiled in Tomsk in 1874. Two years he escaped to Western Europe, where he worked with the press in the circles of Russian emigration and fellow anarchists, he was prominent in his criticism of Marxist ideas. His main work, Pages of Socialist History, was translated into nine languages. Involved in the Georgian national liberation movement, he helped to found the Georgian Socialist-Federalist Party, he wrote for The Times a series of articles in 1877 to bring to the attention of an English speaking audience the situation in Georgia.

He returned to Tiflis, with the break-up of the Russian Revolution of 1905, but its failure and the repression in Georgia compelled Cherkezishvili to return to Europe. With Kropotkin, Rudolf Rocker and Alexander Schapiro he participated in the foundation of the Anarchist Red Cross. Back in London, he rallied Kropotkin's position in defense of the Allies in World War I, signed in 1916 the so-called Manifesto of the Sixteen. With the October Revolution of 1917 he returned to Petrograd, when Georgia obtained its independence in May 1918, he obtained a seat in the Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia; the Soviet occupation forced him into exile in March 1921. He returned to London where he would continue to fight again for Georgia’s independence, until his death in 1925. "Georgian independence petition'found' in Oxford", BBC News, 25 May 2018

District Council of Orroroo

The District Council of Orroroo was a local government area in South Australia, centred on the town of Orroroo. It was gazetted on 5 January 1888 under the provisions of the District Councils Act 1887 and included all the land defined by the hundreds of Black Rock Plain, Erskine and Walloway in the County of Dalhousie. In 1898, it leased the new Orroroo Water District from the South Australian Government and became responsible for local water supply until 1963, when those responsibilities were transferred to the state Energy and Water Supply Department, it built its own powerhouse in 1923, was responsible for electricity supply until 1962, when Orroroo was connected to the state grid. It had undertaken a tree planting scheme at Orroroo, Morchard and Black Rock. In 1923, the municipality covered an area of 322,880 acres 500 square miles, comprising the Hundreds of Black Rock Plains, Erskine and Walloway, each hundred having its own ward, it was responsible for 530 miles of district roads. It began sealing town streets in 1930, finished all streets in the town by 1982.

In 1936 it was reported to have 2,000 residents, 700 of them in Orroroo township. A community library, financed in tandem with the Education Department, was established at the Orroroo Area School in 1981. In 1987, the council published a book on their history, One Hundred Years of Local Government: A History of the District Council of Orroroo 1887–1987 by Gerald J. Kuerschner, June A. Chapman and Jonathan W. Oliver; the municipality to exist in March 1997, when it merged with the adjacent District Council of Carrieton to create the District Council of Orroroo Carrieton. John Travers, state MP 1906–1910 and 1912–1918

Wayne Hardin

Irving Wayne Hardin was an American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at the United States Naval Academy from 1959 to 1964 and at Temple University from 1970 to 1982, compiling a career college football record 118–74–5. Hardin led Navy to appearances in the 1961 Orange Bowl and the 1964 Cotton Bowl Classic, coached two Midshipmen to the Heisman Trophy, Joe Bellino in 1960 and Roger Staubach in 1963. After leaving Navy, Hardin coached the Philadelphia Bulldogs of the Continental Football League, leading the team to a championship in 1966. Hardin was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 2013. Irving Wayne Hardin was born in Smackover and attended high school in Stockton, California, he played college football at the College of the Pacific under Hall of Fame coach Amos Alonzo Stagg and his successor, Larry Siemering. Hardin won 11 varsity letters at Pacific before he graduated in 1950, he was inducted into the College of the Pacific's Athletics Hall of Fame in 1998.

After serving as a student assistant coach in 1949 at Pacific, Hardin began his professional coaching career in 1950 at Ceres High School in Ceres, California. There he coached basketball. Hardin returned to Pacific, in 1952 as the backfield coach under Ernie Jorge, he moved on to Porterville College, a community college in Porterville, where in two seasons as head football coach, 1952 and 1953, he tallied a mark of 9–8. In 1955, Hardin was hired as an assistant football coach at the United States Naval Academy under Eddie Erdelatz. From 1959 to 1964, Hardin was the head coach at Navy, his Navy teams posted five consecutive wins against archrival Army, a feat not surpassed until 2007 when Paul Johnson's Navy squad won their sixth consecutive contest in the Army–Navy Game. Hardin coached Navy's two winners of the Heisman Trophy, Joe Bellino, who received the award in 1960, Roger Staubach, who did so in 1963. Hardin was the head coach at Temple from 1970 to 1982, his 80 wins are the most in school history.

Hardin coached numerous future professional players at Temple including New York Jets defensive lineman Joe Klecko, Pittsburgh Steelers tight end Randy Grossman, Kansas City Chiefs cornerback Kevin Ross, San Diego Chargers linebacker Bill Singletary, New York Jets quarterback Steve Joachim, who won the Maxwell Award in 1974 playing for the Owls. Under Hardin, Temple's school-record 14-game winning streak over two seasons from 1973 into 1974 was the longest Division I winning streak at the time. Hardin's 1979 squad was the most successful in Temple football's history; the team went 10–2 and finished the season ranked #17 in both major polls, the only Temple team to finish a campaign ranked. The 1979 team concluded their season with a victory in the 1979 Garden State Bowl over favored Cal. Temple did not return to a bowl game until the 2009 season. Hardin's career college record was 118–74–5. Hardin spent time as a color commentator for CBS Sports for the Baltimore Colts. Hardin died at the age of 91 on April 12, 2017 after suffering a massive stroke in Oreland, Pennsylvania.

Wayne Hardin at the College Football Hall of Fame Wayne Hardin at Find a Grave

Jeff Shafer

Jeff Shafer is a former racing driver. Shafer competed in Atlantic Championship among other series. Shafer started his racing career in karting. Shafer won the IKF Sprint Grand National. At Iowa International Raceway in Marshalltown, Shafer won the Yamaha KT100S Heavy class. Shafers first experience in autosport came at the Winfield Racing School in France. A strong performance earned him a scholarship for the 1996 Skip Barber championship. At Las Vegas Motor Speedway Shafer was one of two winners of the inaugural Team Green Academy Young American Driver Development Program, the other being Matt Sielsky. With Team KOOL Green Shafer competed in the 1997 U. S. F2000 National Championship. Racing the experimental Nemesis 97 chassis Shafer struggled in the opening rounds, his breakthrough came round five, at Phoenix International Raceway. On the road course configuration Shafer beat 35 other drivers winning the race; the championship rookie finished twelfth in the point championship. Teammate Sielsky finished second in the championship racing the dominant Van Diemen chassis.

For 1998 Shafer joined Duncan Dayton's Highcroft Racing. The team was the importer of the Bowman BC5 F2000 chassis. Despite two top ten finishes, Shafer left the team after the second round; the American ran a partial Atlantic Championship schedule. After testing with PPI Motorsports at Firebird Raceway and Buttonwillow Raceway Park, Shafer made his race debut at the Milwaukee Mile. Highlight of the season was his pole position at the Molson Indy Vancouver, in support of the 1998 Molson Indy Vancouver. During the races he was sponsored by the Derek Daly Academy; the racing school support the driver for his Formula Palmer Audi campaign in Great Britain along with support from Jerry Forsythe. His best result was a fourth place at Mondello Park. Shafer placed 16th in the championship standings. After his active racing career Shafer was lead instructor and general manager of Derek Daly Academy, he was the lead engineer at Team Bucknam Racing for Brian Selby in the 2000 Star Mazda Championship. In 2007 Shafer founded Radical Ventures, organizing American championships for Radical Sportscars.

In 2013 Shafer founded One Motorsports out of Nevada. The team made its debut in the IMSA Lites championship in 2014; the team bought numbers 49 and 50 built. The team made its debut with Tony Bullock. Bullock scored the first win at Kansas Speedway. Falb finished highest in the standings, in fourth place. For 2015 the team finished third in the team standings as the team expanded to four cars. Gerhard Watzinger was the best performing One Motorsports driver in 2016 finishing eighth in the season standings. With the Élan DP02 being phased out after the 2018 season, One Motorsports scaled back to running two part-time entries in 2017, with drivers Dave House and Paul LaHaye. At Sebring in 2018, One Motorsports had its best results, with House finishing 1st in his Élan DP02, LaHaye taking 2nd; as the west-coast based dealer for the British Radical Sportscars brand, One Motorsports competed the cars at various championships. Shafer competed with both Radical Ventures and Factory48 Motorsports in the 25 Hours of Thunderhill.

Racing a Radical SR3 the team scored class wins in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013. For 2014 Shafer's team competed with both a Radical SR3 and a Radical SR8. Colin Braun, Sean Rayhall and Shafer himself were among the drivers; the team finished third in the ESR class. Rayhall returned the following year, along with John Falb; the team was disqualified after a breach of regulations during a pitstop. For 2016 the team finished fourth in the ESR class in the famous endurance race. In 2018 Shafer had two Radical SR3s entered under One Motorsports, the team finished first and third in the ESR class

March of Ivrea

The March of Ivrea was a large frontier county in the northwest of the medieval Italian kingdom from the late 9th to the early 11th century. Its capital was Ivrea in present-day Piedmont, it was held by a Burgundian family of margraves called the Anscarids; the march was the primary frontier between Italy and France and served as a defense against any interference from that state. Upon the deposition of the Carolingian king Charles the Fat by his nephew Arnulf of Carinthia in 887, the power in Italy was assumed by the Unruoching margrave Berengar of Friuli, who received the Iron Crown of the Lombards from the hands of Archbishop Anselm II of Milan. Arnulf, King of East Francia marched against Italy to gain the Lombard crown for himself and Berengar chose to pay homage to him, which led to discord with the Italian nobility, they supported the ambitious Duke Guy III of Spoleto, who had just failed to succeed Charles in West Francia, but now with the support of Archbishop Anselm and Pope Stephen V prevailed against Berengar and had himself crowned King of Italy at Pavia in 889.

Guy had created the March of Ivrea for his vassal Anscar in 888. Anscar and his relatives had been some of Guy's supporters in his failed quest for the French throne; the initial Eporedian march consisted of Piedmont and most of the Ligurian coast with the counties of Acqui, Asti, Auriate, Ivrea, Pombia, Bulgaria, Lomello and Ventimiglia. Anscar remained a loyal supporter of Guy and his son Lambert when King Arnulf called by Pope Formosus again invaded Italy in 894. Upon Lambert's disposition in 896 however, he turned to his rival Berengar of Friuli, who managed to secure his rule in Italy after Arnulf's death in 899. In 902 Anscar bequested the lands of Ivrea to his son Adalbert I, who had married Berengar's daughter Gisela. Adalbert however was on bad terms with his father-in-law: together with Margrave Adalbert II of Tuscany he backed Berengar's Bosonid rival Louis the Blind, King of Lower Burgundy. Louis was defeated and Adalbert had to flee from his margraviate to neighbouring Provence he returned with his new ally King Rudolph II, King of Upper Burgundy, both defeated Berengar at the 923 Battle of Firenzuola.

After Rudolph had to cede Italy to Hugh of Provence in 926, the Anscarid fortunes rose in the middle of the century and some margraves became kings of Italy, but in the early eleventh century the margraviate fell vacant and the Emperor Conrad II did not appoint a new margrave. 888 – 902 Anscar I 902 – 929 Adalbert I 929 – 936 Anscar II 936 – 957 Berengar I 957 – 965 Guy 965 – 970 Adalbert II 970 – c. 990 Conrad c. 990 – 1015 Arduin Wickham, Chris. Early Medieval Italy: Central Power and Local Society 400-1000. MacMillan Press: 1981