Gujarat is a state in Western India, sometimes referred to as the Jewel of Western India. It has an area of 196,024 km2 with a coastline of 1,600 km, most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India, the state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the worlds first seaports, Gujarat was known to the ancient Greeks, and was familiar in other Western centres of civilisation through the end of the European Middle Ages. Modern-day Gujarat is derived from Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa, the Gurjar nation, parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi for centuries before the Mughal period.
Gujarat was one of the centres of the Indus Valley Civilization. It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, the ancient city of Lothal was where Indias first port was established. The ancient city of Dholavira is one of the largest and most prominent archaeological sites in India, the most recent discovery was Gola Dhoro. Altogether, about 50 Indus Valley settlement ruins have been discovered in Gujarat, the ancient history of Gujarat was enriched by the commercial activities of its inhabitants. There is clear evidence of trade and commerce ties with Egypt, Bahrain. The early history of Gujarat reflects the grandeur of Chandragupta Maurya who conquered a number of earlier states in what is now Gujarat. Pushyagupta, a Vaishya, was appointed governor of Saurashtra by the Mauryan regime and he ruled Giringer and built a dam on the Sudarshan lake. Between the decline of Mauryan power and Saurashtra coming under the sway of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, in the first half of the 1st century AD there is the story of a merchant of King Gondaphares landing in Gujarat with Apostle Thomas.
The incident of the cup-bearer killed by a lion might indicate that the city described is in Gujarat. For nearly 300 years from the start of the 1st century AD, the weather-beaten rock at Junagadh gives a glimpse of the ruler Rudradaman I of the Saka satraps known as Western Satraps, or Kshatraps. Mahakshatrap Rudradaman I founded the Kardamaka dynasty which ruled from Anupa on the banks of the Narmada up to the Aparanta region which bordered Punjab, in Gujarat several battles were fought between the south Indian Satavahana dynasty and the Western Satraps. The greatest ruler of the Satavahana Dynasty was Gautamiputra Satakarni who defeated the Western Satraps, the Kshatrapa dynasty was replaced by the Gupta Empire with the conquest of Gujarat by Chandragupta Vikramaditya
Do Raaste is a 1969 Indian Hindi film directed by Raj Khosla. It stars Rajesh Khanna as the son and Mumtaz as his love interest. Balraj Sahni and Kamini Kaushal play the eldest son and his wife, prem Chopra plays the wayward son with Bindu as his wife who creates disputes. The story was based on the trials and tribulations of a lower-middle-class family and it placed emphasis on respect for elders, the paramount status of the mother, the sanctity of the joint family and the supremacy of relations that are stronger than ties of blood. Mrs. Gupta Asit Sen. Alopee Prasad Mehmood Jr. Raju Gupta Bindu, khan The music for all the songs were composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal and the lyrics were penned by Anand Bakshi. Three more revival tracks were added to the 1969 soundtrack album reviving old songs with newer music
Anpadh is a 1962 Hindi film. The film stars Dharmendra, Mala Sinha, Shashi Kala and Balraj Sahni, the music is by Madan Mohan and the lyrics by Raja Mehdi Ali Khan. The film focuses on the importance of education for girls and this movie has hit songs like the evergreen song Aap ki nazron nay samjha sung by Lata Mangeshkar Chaudhary Shambhunath considers the accumulation of wealth to be more important than education. He condones his sisters inattention at school and consequently she grows up anpadh, when she finds herself married to a bibliophile her problems really begin. Unable to read the poetry her husband loves and being a rotten cook too, she despised by her husband. Circumstances conspire to leave her homeless and pregnant, narrowly escaping from the attentions of a panderer she falls amongst friends and, with the birth of her daughter, she starts on the long road to redemption. An entertaining plea for education in general and for the education of girls in particular, dayaram Anpadh at the Internet Movie Database
Zanjeer (1973 film)
Zanjeer is a 1973 Indian action film directed and produced by Prakash Mehra, starring Amitabh Bachchan, Jaya Bachchan, Pran and Bindu. The movie changed the trend from romantic films to action films and pioneered Amitabhs new image of a brooding and he was now known as The Angry Young Man. The film started a new wave in Hindi Cinema, at a time, when India was suffering from corruption, low economic growth etc. and the common man was left with frustration and anger over the system, Hindi Cinema turned violent and aggressive. Reflecting the anger of the masses, Amitabh Bachchan became the new hero and this film ended the struggling period for Amitabh and turned him into a rising star. Zanjeer, thus remains an important film in the history of Indian Cinema and is regarded as a classic today, the film became a super-hit, collecting ₹60 million at the box office. The film opens on Diwali with the murder of young Vijay Khannas parents, committed by a man of unknown identity with a horse on his charm bracelet.
Because of this event, Vijay has recurring nightmares of a white stallion. Even as a child Vijay stays socially awkward and stays away from the other kids, fast forward 20 years, and Vijay is now an inspector, an honest police officer in a town where few are just. He receives complaints about a man, Sher Khan, who is running gambling dens. When he calls Khan in for questioning, Khans superiority complex chafes against Khannas police authority, as he scolds the officer, Vijay takes him up on his challenge, and meets him in street clothes to fight him. At fights end, Sher Khan not only closes his gambling dens and he becomes an auto mechanic, and reforms his ways. Various dealings of the underworld continue unabated throughout the town, all tracing back to gang leader Teja. A mysterious caller continually phones Inspector Khanna to inform him exactly when a crime is about to take place, when a traffic accident perpetrated by gang members leaves several children dead, a witness, a street performer named Mala, is bribed by Tejas men to keep quiet.
When she is questioned by Vijay, he becomes enraged at her denying she knows anything and she has a change of heart, and comes clean, asking that the bribe be donated to an orphanage. She identifies the man behind the traffic accident, once it is known that Mala has broken her word, Tejas men come after her. She is chased through the night, narrowly escaping across the train tracks and he lets her in, allows her to stay, and the two discover that they are both orphans, and discuss the fears associated with living alone. Khanna kindly takes her to his brother and sister-in-law, under the sister-in-laws tutelage, Mala begins to learn how to keep house, as well as English, and other refinements. Eventually, Vijay is framed for bribery, stripped of his title and position as inspector, when he is released from jail, he plans to take revenge
Bombay State was a large Indian state created at the time of Indias Independence, with other regions being added to it in the succeeding years. Bombay Presidency was merged with the states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra. On May 1,1960, Bombay State was dissolved and split on linguistic lines into the two states of Gujarat, with Gujarati speaking population and Maharashtra, with a largely Marathi speaking population. During the British Raj, portions of the western coast of India under direct British rule were part of the Bombay Presidency, in 1937, the Bombay Presidency became a province of British India. After India gained independence in 1947, Bombay Presidency became part of India, the territory retained by India was restructured into Bombay State. It included princely states such as Kolhapur in Deccan, and Baroda and the Dangs in Gujarat, which had been under the political influence of the former Bombay Presidency.
As a result of the States Reorganisation Act on 1 November 1956, the Kannada-speaking districts of Belgaum, Dharwar, the Bombay state was being referred to by the local inhabitants as Maha Dwibhashi Rajya, the great bilingual state. In the 1957 elections, the Samyukta Maharashtra movement opposed these proposals, Bombay State was finally dissolved with the formation of Maharashtra and Gujarat states on May 1,1960. Following protests of Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, in which 105 people were killed by police, gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat following Mahagujarat Movement
Prem Nagar (1974 film)
Prem Nagar or Premnagar is a 1974 Hindi drama film, produced by D. Ramanaidu, directed by K. S. Prakash Rao, and starring Rajesh Khanna, Hema Malini, Aruna Irani, Ashok Kumar, Kamini Kaushal, Prem Chopra, actor David was in negative role in the film plotting how to fool the prince Karan by robbing off his wealth and transfer to his brother. The music is by Sachin Dev Burman, box Office India declared the film a Super hit. The producer D. Ramanaidu made the film in three languages. The Tamil remake was Vasantha Maligai released in 1972 and in Telugu was made as Prem Nagar released in 1971, in Tamil the pair was played by Sivaji Ganesan and Vanisri and in Telugu Akkineni Nageswara Rao and Vanisree as well. It ran for nearly 750 days in the theatres, though the movie is remake of original Telugu version, some few scenes which were not in Telugu but in Tamil version was remade in Hindi also. Marthand and J. Narasimha Rao is slick and keeps the story moving at a steady pace, during the premier of the film, after watching the film Raj Kapoor kissed Khanna’s hands and complimented him for the way he used them like swords in the climax.
‘Prem Nagar’ was considered special by Khanna himself, as it featured his favourite song, Karan Singh lives a wealthy lifestyle in a palace along with his widowed mother, an elder brother, his wife and daughter. His mother, Rani Maa, spending most of her playing cards. As a result, Karan ended up believing her to be his real mother, now grown up and turned into a womanizer and an alcoholic, he comes to the rescue of a former air hostess, who is being molested by her boss. Subsequently he hires her as his secretary and allows her family to move one of his cottages. Progressively, Lata attempts to change his bad habits and she initially meets with opposition, but eventually succeeds and they fall in love. Karan even builds a palace and names it Prem Nagar, one day their romance is shattered when Lata is accused of interfering in palace affairs and stealing a valuable necklace. Consequently, a much humiliated Lata and her move out. Later on, Karan finds out the truth about Latas innocence but it is too late.
Consequently, Karans health worsens as he struggles with his addiction, filmfare Best Cinematographer Award — A
Daag (1973 film)
Daag, A Poem of Love is a 1973 Bollywood film produced and directed by Yash Chopra in his debut as a producer, which laid the foundation of Yash Raj Films. It is an adaptation of the Thomas hardy novel The Mayor of Casterbridge, Rajesh Khanna impressed the audience and critics with his performance and the film was a superhit. The film stars Sharmila Tagore, Rajesh Khanna, Madan Puri, Kader Khan, Prem Chopra, the film was made at the height of the Rajesh Khanna craze and became a super hit at the box office. The music by Laxmikant Pyarelal dominated the charts for the year, the film was remade into the Telugu film Vichitra Jeevitham starring Akkineni Nageswara Rao and Jayasudha. A young man, Sunil Kohli, falls for beautiful Sonia, they get married and leave for their honeymoon. On the way, owing to bad weather, they decide to spend a night at a bungalow owned by Sunils boss, the bosss son, Dheeraj Kapoor, tries to rape Sonia when she is alone. But Sunil arrives in time, and a fight ensues, resulting in the death of Dheeraj, Sunil is arrested and, sentenced to death by the court.
But, on the way to prison, the van carrying him meets with an accident. Years later, working as a teacher and bringing up Sunils and her son. He is living with a new identity as Sudhir, and is married to a woman named Chandni. After escaping from the van, Sunil met Chandni, whose lover had ditched her on learning of her pregnancy. Sunil married her to provide legitimacy to her child, in return for her help in establishing his new identity, after so many years, the law is once again at his doorstep. This time, there is a crime to his name. Sharmila Tagore - Sonia Kohli Rajesh Khanna - Sunil Kohli Raakhee - Chandni Prem Chopra - Dheeraj Kapoor Baby Pinky - Pinky Raju Shrestha - Rinku Manmohan Krishna - Deewan Madan Puri - K. C
Valsad, known as Bulsar, is a municipality in the Valsad district of the Indian state of Gujarat. This city has a collectorate, a court, and a police headquarters with a historic prison. Historically, Valsad was a small town covered with forest, with production as a major regional industry. It was a part of regional kingdom before colonial era. It was made a district during the Bombay Presidency era, and was governed under Bombay State during the era, following independence. Today. Gujarati is the language in and around the town. The main religion followed in the region is Hinduism, other minority religions include Islam, Jainism and Sikhism. A tourist destination, the best time to visit Bulsar is in June–July, post-monsoon, queen lead singer Freddie Mercury had family origins in Valsad, and his original family name is derived from the former name of the city. Former Bollywood actresses Nirupa Roy and Bindu are from Valsad, the name Valsad derives from vad-saal, a Gujarati language compound meaning hampered by banyan trees.
Valsad is located at 20. 63°N72. 93°E /20.63,72.93 and it has an average elevation of 13 metres. The city center is about 4 km inland from the Arabian sea, Tithal Beach is a tourist attraction in the coastal region of valsad, overlooking the Arabian sea. It has many tourist attractions including some grand temples such as Shri Sai Baba, the Indian government has funded in the development of the area, due to its popularity with local and foreign tourists alike. There are plenty of stalls and shops selling various wares, such as Bajiya, Bhel Chat Coconut water and you will find places to eat both indoors and outdoors with plenty of choice from a full meal to traditionally prepared snacks. There is an area for children, public toilets. The road from Bulsar town to Tithal branches into two around a kilometer after crossing the Wanki river.6 km ahead along the sea coast, the temple is built in stone with exquisite hand carvings. Adjacent to the temple, there is a food outlet serving a variety of vegetarian snacks, the Shri Sai Baba Temple is adjacent to the shore of the Tithal Beach and the daily prayers are attended by many devotees from all over the world.
The Shantidham Temple is a religious destination being close to the sea shore. The Alphonso mango, for which the city and environs were once famous, is important to the local economy. Villages in the Valsad district have numerous mango orchards, the source of income for many villagers
Dastaan (1972 film)
Dastaan is a 1972 film produced and directed by B. R. Chopra. The film stars Dilip Kumar, Sharmila Tagore, Prem Chopra, Sachin, Iftekhar, I. S. Johar, the films music is by Laxmikant Pyarelal. This movie is based on a 1951 film named Afsana starring Ashok Kumar in a leading role and Sunil are identical twin brothers. They have a friend named Meena who likes Sunil, as a child, Sunil gets separated from his family. None of the trio remembers the incident, Sunil is found by a man named Sahay, who renames him Vishnu. Vishnu Sahay grows up to become a reputed Judge and he has everything, fame, happiness and a seemingly devoted wife Mala. However, he is unaware that Mala and his best friend Rajen are having an affair behind his back. Meanwhile, Anil has grown into a Don Juan and he is involved with a dancer and flirts with Meena, however, wants nothing to do with him. One day, Anil accidentally kills a man and runs to Mussoorie to hide from the cops, Judge Vishnu Sahay comes to the same hotel as Anil.
When Anil sees Vishnu, he observes that they look alike, if Vishnus facial hair and spectacles are removed, even the police will have a hard time distinguishing between him and Anil. Anil spikes Vishnus coffee and knocks him out, after removing Vishnus facial hair and glasses, he checks out of the hotel as Vishnu. However, his plan turns out to be disastrous as Vishnus car suffers an accident, from the look of things, the police assume that Vishnu has died. Meanwhile, the real Vishnu is taken into custody as Anil after he gets up and he is, proved innocent in court. He sets out for home, expecting to surprise his wife, however, he is shocked to see that his wife and friend are celebrating his death. He learns of their adultery and leaves and dejected, Mala and Rajen are unaware of his return. Vishnu comes back to Anils house, Meena recognizes that he is in fact Sunil, but he cannot remember anything. She is perplexed as to why he is not responding to her, Vishnu re-enters the lives of his wife and her lover as Anil, and befriends them.
One day, he invites them to see a play staged by himself, as they watch the play, they realize in horror that it is their own story
Rajesh Khanna was an Indian actor, film producer and politician who is known for his work in Hindi cinema. He was referred to as the first superstar and the superstar of Indian cinema. He starred in 18 consecutive solo hit films in the period 1969 to 1972 and he made his debut in 1966 with Aakhri Khat. Through his career he appeared in more than 160 feature films and 17 short films and he received the Filmfare Best Actor Award three times and the BFJA Awards for Best Actor four times. In 1991, he was awarded the Filmfare Special Award and in 2005 and he was the highest paid Indian actor from 1970 to 1987 where Amitabh Bachchan shared the same tag with Khanna from 1980 to 1987. He was a Lok Sabha member of the Indian National Congress from New Delhi constituency from 1992 to 1996 and he married Dimple Kapadia in March 1973, eight months before her debut film Bobby was released and had two daughters from the marriage. Their elder daughter Twinkle Khanna is married to actor Akshay Kumar, after being critically ill, Khanna died on 18 July 2012.
Khanna has been posthumously awarded Indias third highest civilian honour Padma Bhushan and his father had migrated from pre-partitioned Pakistan to Gali Tiwarian in Amritsar. His biological parents were Lala Hiranand and Chandrani Khanna, Lala worked as headmaster of the MC High School in Burewala, Vehari District, Pakistan. His adoptive parents belonged to a family of railway contractors who had moved from Lahore to Bombay in 1935, Khanna lived in Saraswati Niwas in Thakurdwar near Girgaon, Mumbai. He attended St. Sebastian’s Goan High School with his friend Ravi Kapoor, Khanna gradually started taking interest in theatre, did a lot of stage and theatre plays in his school and college day, and won many prizes in inter-college drama competitions. In 1962 Khanna played a wounded soldier in the play Andha Yug and impressed with his performance. Khanna became a rare newcomer who struggled in his own MG sports car to get work in theatre, Khanna did his first two years of Bachelor of Arts in Nowrosjee Wadia College in Pune from 1959 to 1961.
Khanna studied in K. C, College and Jeetendra studied from Siddharth Jain College. Khanna tutored Jeetendra for his first film audition, Khannas uncle KK Talwar changed Khannas first name to Rajesh when he decided to join films. His friends and his wife called him Kaka, Rajesh Khanna was one of eight finalists in the 1965 All India Talent Contest organised by United Producers and Filmfare from more than 10,000 contestants. Sippy and Nasir Hussain were the first to sign Rajesh Khanna after he won the contest, Aakhri Khat was India’s entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 40th Oscar Academy Awards in 1967. Khanna in an interview to Hindu newspaper said, Though Aakhri Khat is my first film, I received my first break as an actor in Ravindra Daves