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Ripponden is a village and civil parish on the River Ryburn near Halifax in West Yorkshire, England. It was part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its population was 6,412 at the time of the 2001 Census, 7,421 in 2011. Ripponden is the main settlement in a small group of villages whose citizens are represented on Ripponden Parish Council; the area is a substantial part of the Ryburn Ward, itself part of Calderdale metropolitan borough. Ripponden and its villages were served by the Rishworth branch line from Sowerby Bridge; the area is of archaeological note. At nearby Ringstone Edge can be found a small stone circle. Ripponden is the terminus of the annual Sowerby Bridge Rushbearing Festival; the village is on the route of the Calderdale Way, a 50-mile circular walk around the hills and valleys of Calderdale. The Old Bridge Inn in the village is the home of an annual pork pie competition; the Old Bridge, or Waterloo Bridge, near the Inn is on the old packhorse road through the village and is known as the Packhorse Bridge.

On 6 July 2014, Stage 2 of the 2014 Tour de France, from York to Sheffield, passed through the village. On leaving Ripponden at the 112.5 kilometres point, riders undertook the third climb of the stage, the Category 3 Côte de Ripponden. It was 1.3 kilometres long with an average gradient of 8.6%. The first rider over the top to claim two points in the King of the Mountains competition was Cyril Lemoine of Cofidis; the other point available was claimed by David De La Cruz Melgarejo. James Walton and industrialist, born in Ripponden in 1803. Sir Norman Howard Bottomley, Air Chief Marshal of the RAF and Commander-in-Chief of RAF Bomber Command in 1945, was born in Ripponden in 1891. Nobel Prize–winning physicist Prof Richard Feynman was a regular visitor to the village in the 1960s-1980s, with his third wife, born locally, he spent significant time in nearby Mill Bank. Media related to Ripponden at Wikimedia Commons Ripponden Parish Council Ryburn Ward 2004 population statistics and maps Ripponden In Bloom St. Bartholomew's Church Ripponden Ryburn Valley History Society Sowerby Bridge Chronicle newspaper website

Gregory Sullivan Isaacs

Gregory Sullivan Isaacs is an American musician, classical music critic and music director who has held musical directorships of opera and symphonic organizations. In 2014, he is the senior classical music critic for the online arts magazine TheaterJones, as well as a freelance writer for other publications, including The Fort Worth Star Telegram, he is the Music Critics Association of North America. Isaacs earned a high school diploma at the Interlochen Arts Academy, he attended the University of Michigan for two years, completed a bachelor degree in music from the University of Miami and a master degree in music from Indiana University in Bloomington. In 1993, Isaacs composed an opera in three acts for Henry Faust; the piece was produced for public television. In 1995, Isaacs was appointed music director for the Cascade Symphony. In 2007, Isaacs was the composer in residence and associate conductor for the Living Opera in Dallas, Texas. Isaacs was winner of a Peabody Award for operatic television performance.

"Undelivered", his dramatic cantata for voices and a chamber ensemble received positive reviews. It was performed by the Hall Ensemble in Fort Worth, he presents introductory talks for some Dallas Opera productions, such as 2015 La Wally / Everest. Isaacs continues to write regular reviews and commentary for Theater Jones, contributes articles about music and theater subjects to various magazines and news outlets, his music is published by MUSIK FABRIK in Paris France

Mami Higashiyama

Mami Higashiyama is a Japanese actress and singer, best known for her role as Miku Imamura/Mega Pink in the 1997 Super Sentai series Denji Sentai Megaranger. She is affiliated with Sun Music Brain talent agency. Shikabane Hime: Kuro – Hibiki Shijou Wangan Midnight – Mika Murakami Earth Maiden Arjuna – Juna Ariyoshi/Arjuna Denji Sentai Megaranger – Miku Imamura/Mega Pink GoGo Sentai Boukenger – Kei Denji Sentai Megaranger vs. Carranger – Miku Imamura/Mega Pink Seijuu Sentai Gingaman vs. Megaranger – Miku Imamura/Mega Pink Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger vs. Super Sentai – Miku Imamura/Mega Pink Mondai no nai watashitachi Official site Official profile at Sun Music Brain Mami Higashiyama at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Mami Higashiyama on IMDb


Corythornis is a genus of small African river kingfishers. A molecular phylogenetic study of the alcedinine kingfishers published in 2007 found that the genera as defined did not form monophyletic groups; the species were subsequently rearranged into four genera, with four species in the resurrected genus Corythornis. The genus had been introduced by the German naturalist Johann Jakob Kaup in 1848; the type species is the Príncipe kingfisher. Corythornis is the sister group to the genus Ispidina containing two small African kingfishers; the genus contains the following four species: Madagascan pygmy kingfisher, Corythornis madagascariensis White-bellied kingfisher, Corythornis leucogaster Malachite kingfisher, Corythornis cristatus São Tomé kingfisher, Corythornis cristatus thomensis Príncipe kingfisher, Corythornis cristatus nais Malagasy kingfisher, Corythornis vintsioides Fry, C. H.. Kingfishers, Bee-eaters and Rollers. London: Chris Helm. ISBN 0-7136-8028-8

Barbeled houndshark

The barbeled houndshark is a species of ground shark and the only member of the family Leptochariidae. This demersal species is found in the coastal waters of the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Mauritania to Angola, at depths of 10–75 m, it favors muddy habitats around river mouths. The barbeled houndshark is characterized by a slender body, nasal barbels, long furrows at the corners of the mouth, sexually dimorphic teeth, its maximum known length is 82 cm. Strong-swimming and opportunistic, the barbeled houndshark has been known to ingest bony fishes, fish eggs, inedible objects, it is viviparous with females bearing litters of 7 young. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed the barbeled houndshark as near threatened, as heavy fishing pressure occurs throughout its range and it is used for meat and leather; the genus Leptocharias was coined by South African physician and zoologist Andrew Smith, without any associated species, in an 1838 Magazine of Natural History article by Johannes Müller and Friedrich Henle.

Müller and Henle added a species a year in their Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen, but adopted the name Triaenodon smithii because they regarded Leptocharias as a junior synonym of Triaenodon. Authors recognized the validity of Leptocharias, shuffled it between the families Carcharhinidae and Triakidae before placing it in its own family; the type specimen is an adult male collected off Angola. Because of its many unique characteristics, the evolutionary relationships of the barbeled houndshark are difficult to resolve. A morphological study by Compagno in 1988 was inconclusive on the relationship of Leptocharias to other carcharhiniform families. A molecular phylogenetic study by López et al. in 2006 found that, though Leptocharias belonged to a derived clade containing the families Hemigaleidae, Triakidae and Sphyrnidae, its position within that group changed depending on the DNA sequence and type of analysis used. Fossilized teeth belonging to an extinct relative, L. cretaceus, have been recovered from Late Cretaceous deposits in Britain.

The barbeled houndshark occurs along the western coast of Africa from Mauritania to northern Angola, though it may range as far north as the Mediterranean Sea. This species inhabits inshore waters 10–75 m deep, with temperatures of 20–27 °C, salinities of 35–36 ppt, dissolved oxygen levels of 3–4 ppm, it is found close to the bottom over mud around river mouths. The barbeled houndshark has an slender body and horizontally oval eyes equipped with internal nictitating membranes. A pair of tiny spiracles is present behind the eyes; each nostril is preceded by a slender barbel. The mouth is long and arched, with long furrows at the corners extending onto both jaws, it has 46 -- 43 -- 54 lower tooth rows. Unusually for a shark, dental sexual dimorphism occurs, with the front teeth in males being enlarged; the two dorsal fins are about equal in size. The dorsal margin of the caudal fin lacks a notch at its base; this shark is a plain light gray whitish below. Males and females grow up to 77 and respectively.

The barbeled houndshark seems to be an active swimmer, based on its strong musculature, long tail, short trunk, small liver. It feeds on a wide variety of bottom- and shore-dwelling organisms. Crustaceans are favored prey, while small bony fishes and flying fish eggs and sponges are eaten. Known parasites of this species include the copepods Eudactylina leptochariae and Thamnocephalus cerebrinoxius; the enlarged anterior teeth of male barbeled houndsharks may function in mating behaviors. This species is viviparous. Unlike any other shark, the yolk-sac placenta is spherical. Off Senegal, females bear litters of seven pups around October, after a gestation period of at least four months; the largest fetuses on record measured 20 cm long, close to the birth size. Males reach sexual maturity at 55–60 cm long, females at 52–58 cm long. Harmless to humans, the barbeled houndshark is common and of some economic importance in the West Africa region, it is caught incidentally by artisanal and commercial fisheries using hook-and-line, fixed-bottom gillnets, bottom trawls.

When retained, the meat is sold fresh, smoked, or dried and salted, leather is made from the skin. The IUCN has assessed the barbeled houndshark as Near Threatened, noting that fishing pressure is intense throughout its range. However, no specific fishery data are available