Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland
The title of champion, or leading, sire of racehorses in Great Britain and Ireland is awarded to the stallion whose offspring have won the most prize money in Britain and Ireland during the flat racing season. The current champion is Galileo, who achieved his ninth title in 2017, when his progeny won over £15 million in prize money. Unlike the similar title for leading sire in North America, the stallion in question does not need to have resided in Great Britain or Ireland during his stud career, although the vast majority have done so. Northern Dancer is the most notable example of a North American-based stallion; the Northern Dancer sire line has dominated the list for the last several decades through his son Sadler's Wells and grandson Galileo. Most championships: 14 – Sadler's Wells – 1990, 1992-2004 13 – Highflyer – 1785-1796, 1798 10 – Sir Peter Teazle 9 – St. Simon, Galileo 8 – Regulus, Herod Excluding any championships by the foundation stallions themselves, the following sire-lines have produced champion sires: Darley Arabian – 87 stallions, 187 championships Byerley Turk – 17 stallions, 59 championships, most Tetratema in 1929 Godolphin Arabian – 12 stallions, 32 championships, most Chamossaire in 1964 Darcy's White Turk – 3 stallions, 10 championships, most Bolton Starling in 1744 Curwen's Bay Barb – 2 stallions, 4 championships, most Crab in 1750 St. Victor's Barb, Acaster Turk, Thoulouse Barb, Bloody Bullocks – 1 championship each Leading sire in Australia Leading sire in France Leading sire in Germany Leading sire in Japan Leading sire in North America Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland Leading broodmare sire in North America Leading jump racing sire in Great Britain & Ireland tbheritage.com
The Doncaster Cup is a Group 2 flat horse race in Great Britain open to horses aged three years or older. It is run at Doncaster over a distance of 2 miles 1 furlong and 197 yards, it is scheduled to take place each year in September; the event was established in 1766, it was called the Doncaster Gold Cup. It pre-dates Doncaster's St. Leger Stakes by ten years, is the venue's oldest surviving race, it was held at Cantley Common, moved to its present location in 1776. During the early part of its history the race was contested over 4 miles, it was shortened to 2 miles and 5 furlongs in 1825, reduced to 2 miles and 2 furlongs in 1891. It was cut by another furlong in 1908, restored to its previous length in 1927; the present system of race grading was introduced in 1971, for a period the Doncaster Cup was classed at Group 3 level. It was promoted to Group 2 in 2003; the Doncaster Cup is one of Britain's leading events for "stayers" – horses which specialise in racing over long distances. It is the final leg of the Stayers' Triple Crown, preceded by the Goodwood Cup.
The race is held on the third day of Doncaster's four-day St. Leger Festival. A Petrizzo finished first in 1986, but he was relegated to second place following a stewards' inquiry. B The 2006 running took place at York. * The 1901 and 1953 races have joint winners. Horse racing in Great Britain List of British flat horse races Recurring sporting events established in 1766 – this race is included under its original title, Doncaster Gold Cup. Paris-Turf: "1979". "1980". "1981". "1983". "1984". "1985". "1986". "1987". Racing Post: 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 2018 galopp-sieger.de – Doncaster Cup. horseracingintfed.com – International Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Doncaster Cup. pedigreequery.com – Doncaster Cup – Doncaster. Tbheritage.com – Doncaster Cup. Abelson, Edward; the Breedon Book of Horse Racing Records. Breedon Books. Pp. 169–172. ISBN 1-873626-15-0
Potoooooooo or variations of Pot-8-Os was a famous 18th-century Thoroughbred racehorse who won over 30 races and bested some of the greatest racehorses of the time. He went on to be an important sire, he is now best known for the unusual spelling of pronounced Potatoes. Potoooooooo was a chestnut colt bred by Willoughby Bertie, 4th Earl of Abingdon, in 1773, he was sired by the undefeated Eclipse. He was the first foal out of Sportsmistress, sired by Warren's Sportsman and traced to Thwaites' Dun Mare from family number 38 on her dam's side; the origin of his name has several different versions. According to the most common, Abingdon intended to call the young colt "Potato" and instructed the stable boy to write the name on a feed bin; the stable boy spelled the name as "Potoooooooo", which so amused Abingdon that he adopted the spelling. Subsequent writers have used a variety of spellings that reflect the intended revised pronunciation, "Potatoes". In The Jockey Club's online database equineline.com, the name is spelled as Pot8O's.
The General Stud Book uses Potoooooooo. Potoooooooo raced from 1776 to 1783, accumulating from 28 to 34 wins from an estimated 40 starts in 4 mile races on Newmarket's Beacon course. In 1776, he won a 100 guinea sweepstakes at Newmarket's first spring meeting. In 1777 at age four, he finished second in two Newmarket races for 4 year old colts, third at Nottingham, fifth in the Great Subscription Purse at York. In 1778 at age five, Potoooooooo was entered in the 1200 Guineas Stakes at Newmarket's first spring meeting. During the race, Abingdon sold the horse to 1st Earl Grosvenor for 1,500 guineas. Potoooooooo subsequently raced under Grosvenor's yellow and black silks, his subsequent wins that year included the 140 guineas subscription purse at the second spring meeting, a subscription at Ipswich, a £50 purse at Swaffham and another subscription race at Newmarket's second October meeting. In 1779 at age six, he won a number of races at Newmarket, including the Gold Cup, a walkover for the Clermont Cup and the October Cup.
In 1780, he again won several races at Newmarket, including the 140 guineas subscription purse where he beat King Fergus, the Jockey Club Plate and another walkover in the Clermont Cup. He raced twice against Sir Charles Davers' Woodpecker, Herod's best son from these years, winning once. In 1781, he won the Whip, both by walkover, plus a 400 guineas sweep. In October, he received 85 guineas "by common consent" as a reward for not starting in the 140 guineas subscription purse. In 1782, he had a third walkover in the Clermont, won the Jockey Club Plate for a third time, was victorious in the Craven Stakes, beating thirteen younger horses. In 1783 at age ten, he won the Whip at Newmarket, but lost a 300 guineas match race to Assassin, who had won the previous year's Derby, a 200 guineas sweepstakes. In 1784, Potoooooooo was retired to stud at Oxcroft Farm near Balsham, where he covered mares owned by Grosvenor. For other mares, his stud fee was 5 guineas increasing to 21 guineas. In 1796, he was relocated to Upper Hare Park near Newmarket.
During his career, Potoooooooo sired 172 winners of £61,971. His leading offspring include: Nightshade, winner of the Oaks in 1788 Asparagus, a good runner and sire of Rhoda Waxy, who won the Derby Stakes in 1793 and ten other races. Waxy was the leading sire in 1810 and is responsible for the continuation of the Eclipse sire line to the present day. Sister to Edwin, taproot mare of Family 3-i and the susbsequent branch Family 3-l Champion, the first horse to win both the Derby and the St. Leger Stakes Tyrant, Derby winner in 1782 Parasol, who won many races and was a dam of Classic winners Pindarrie and Pastille Mandane, taproot mare of Family 11-g. Dam of Manuella, Altisidora and Brutandorf Potoooooooo died in November 1800 at the age of 27 and was buried at Hare Park; some 200 years his skeleton was uncovered when a tree blew over. The skeleton is on display at the Kings Yard Galleries of the National Horseracing Museum in Newmarket. Potoooooooo was sired by the undefeated Eclipse, a successful stallion though he never led the sire list.
His dam was Sportsmistress, whose dam Golden Locks was inbred 2 × 2 to Crab – he was both her maternal and paternal grandsire. Sportsmistress would produce a total of 11 foals including winner of the 1788 Derby. Pot-8-Os is inbred 4 × 4 to the Godolphin Arabian, meaning the latter appears twice in the fourth generation of Pot-8-Os pedigree
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, the twentieth-largest on Earth. Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island, Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland. The island's geography comprises low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland, its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate, free of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the Middle Ages. Today, woodland makes up about 10% of the island, compared with a European average of over 33%, most of it is non-native conifer plantations.
There are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus moderate, winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant; the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC. Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century AD; the island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. Following the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, was extended during the 18th century. With the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. A war of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became sovereign over the following decades, Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom.
Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same. Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures in the field of literature. Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language; the island's culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, sports such as association football, horse racing, golf. The names Éire derive from Old Irish Eriu; this in turn comes from the Proto-Celtic *Iveriu, the source of Latin Hibernia. Iveriu derives from a root meaning'fat, prosperous'. During the last glacial period, up until about 10,000 BC, most of Ireland was periodically covered in ice. Sea levels were lower and Ireland, like Great Britain, formed part of continental Europe.
By 16,000 BC, rising sea levels due to ice melting caused Ireland to become separated from Great Britain. Around 6000 BC, Great Britain itself became separated from continental Europe; the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC, demonstrated by a butchered bear bone found in a cave in County Clare. It is not until about 8000 BC, that more sustained occupation of the island has been shown, with evidence for Mesolithic communities around the island; these Mesolithic communities lived as hunter-gatherers across the island until about 4000 BC. Some time before 4000 BC, Neolithic settlers arrived introducing cereal cultivars, domesticated animals such as cattle and sheep, large timber building, stone monuments; the earliest evidence for farming in Ireland or Great Britain is from Co.. Kerry, where a flint knife, cattle bones and a sheep's tooth were carbon-dated to c. 4350 BC. Field systems were developed in different parts of Ireland, including at the Céide Fields, preserved beneath a blanket of peat in present-day Tyrawley.
An extensive field system, arguably the oldest in the world, consisted of small divisions separated by dry-stone walls. The fields were farmed for several centuries between 3500 BC and 3000 BC. Wheat and barley were the principal crops; the Bronze Age – defined by the use of metal – began around 2500 BC, with technology changing people's everyday lives during this period through innovations such as the wheel. According to John T. Koch and others, Ireland in the Late Bronze Age was part of a maritime trading-network culture called the Atlantic Bronze Age that included Britain, western France and Iberia, that this is where Celtic languages developed; this contrasts with the traditional view that their origin lies in mainland Europe with the Hallstatt culture. During the Iron Age, a Celtic language and culture emerged in Ireland. How and when the island became Celtic has been debated for close to a century, with the migrations of the Celts being one of the more enduring themes of archaeological and linguistic studies.
The most recent genetic research s
Penelope was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. She won sixteen of her twenty-four races, including two Oatlands Stakes, the Jockey-Club Plate and she beat Oaks and Derby winner Eleanor, she was owned by Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton. After retiring from racing she became an influential broodmare, foaling Derby winners Whalebone and Whisker and 1000 Guineas winner Whizgig. Penelope was a bay filly bred by Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, foaled in 1798, she was sired by Claret Stakes winner Trumpator, who after retiring from racing became British Champion sire in 1803. Amongst his other progeny were Champion sire Sorcerer and Epsom Derby winner Didelot. Penelope's dam, was a top broodmare and a daughter of the undefeated Highflyer. Prunella won three races, including a Sweepstakes of 200 guineas each at Newmarket, she foaled Derby winner Pope and Oaks winner Pelisse. All of Prunella's daughters who lived to produce a foal became top broodmares in their own right, her daughters Parasol, Pawn, Pope Joan and Prudence all foaled Classic winners.
Penelope was Prunella's second foal. Penelope made her first racecourse appearance on 22 April 1801 at Newmarket, where she beat a Trumpator colt and a Buzzard colt in a Sweepstakes of 100 guineas each over one mile, she had started as the outsider of the three runner field at 5/2. At Newmarket's Second spring meeting in May she raced in a £50 race for three-year-olds over one mile. Eleven horses started the race, with Paulo starting as the favourite at 5/2 and Penelope and the brother to Spear next in the betting at 5/1. Peneolpe won the race from a brother with Paulo finishing in third place. Racing away from Newmarket for the first time on 7 July, she won the King's Purse at Ipswich, she faced Thais in a race consisting of two-mile heats. Penelope won. Penelope returned to Newmarket in the month and beat Thais and Ostrich in the Town Plate, a race run over a distance of just under one mile and two furlongs. Penelope had started the race as the odds-on favourite, she won another Town Plate at Newmarket's First October meeting.
In the two-mile race she beat five rivals after starting as the 1/3 favourite. Her final race of the season was the October Oatlands Stakes, a race run over one mile at Newmarket, she started the seven runner race as the 5/4 favourite and duly won. Beating Striver into second place, with Chippenham third and Vivaldi fourth. Penelope was defeated for the first time in the first class of the Oatlands Stakes in April 1802, she started the race as the 3/1 favourite and finished in third place of the nine runners, behind winner Lignum Vitae and runner-up Wilkes. She was due to face Informer in a match race, but Informer pulled out of the race, paying a 20 guineas forfeit. In May she won a Sweepstakes of 15 guineas each over one mile at Newmarket, beating Friday into second place. Penelope didn't race during the summer and returned to Newmarket in October for a Sweepstakes of 100 guineas each. Marianne won the race, with Penelope finishing second and Gaoler third; the following day she lost a race for one-third of a subscription of 25 guineas each to Epsom Derby winner Eleanor.
Penelope finished the race in second, ahead of a sister to Gouty. In her last race of the season she finished fifth in the October Oatlands Stakes; the race was won from Eagle in second. On her seasonal reappearance, Penelope beat Duxbury in a match race. Again racing at Newmarket, she finished second to Orange-flower in a Sweepstakes of 100 guineas each. In July she was the runner-up to Rumbo in a £50 race at Newmarket. In October she won a Subscription of 5 guineas each, beating Surprize and two others. At the second October meeting she beat Eleanor and Malta to win a race for one-third of a subscription of 25 guineas each. Eleanor had started the four-mile, one and a half furlong race as the 4/6 favourite, with Penelope at 7/4. At the end of October she beat. Penelope reappeared in April 1804 for the first class of the Oatlands Stakes, she started as the favourite of the six runners and won the race from Chippenham, followed by Brighton. Penelope was due to face Eagle in the month at the first spring meeting, but Eagle paid a forfeit and withdrew from the race.
At the meeting, she did however beat Eleanor in the King Plate for mares. The race was run over three miles and six and a half furlongs, with Penelope favoured in the betting; the following day she faced St. Leger winner Quiz and Montalto in a £50 race run over the three-mile Dutton's course. Quiz started the race as the 11/10 favourite, with Penelope at 6/5. Penelope won the race from Quiz. In May, at Newmarket's second spring meeting she beat Dick Andrews in the Jockey-Club Plate. Penelope was the favourite for one and a half furlong race. On 1 October at Newmarket, she lost a match to Bobtail over a quarter. In the day she finished runner-up to Sir Harry Dimsdale in a subscription of 5 guineas each. Eleanor finished the race with Rumbo fourth. At the Houghton meeting she beat Bobtail in one and a half furlong match race. At the Newmarket Craven meeting in April 1805 Penelope lost a 200 guinea match race to Walton, carrying one pound less than Penelope, she was retired to the Duke of Grafton's stud to become a broodmare.
As a broodmare, Penelope produced thirteen foals. They were: Waxy filly -- a bay filly sired by Waxy. Whalebone – a brown stallion foaled in 1807 and sired by Waxy; as a three-year-old he won the Newmarket Stakes and Epsom Derby in 1810. He was Champion sire, with his progeny including Camel, Lap-dog, Sir Hercules and Spaniel. Web – a
Gohanna was a British racehorse, second to Waxy in the 1793 Epsom Derby and was a successful sire in the late 18th and early 19th century. Gohanna was referred to as "Brother to Precipitate" during his early racing career until he was named in 1795. Retired to stud at Lord Egremont's Petworth House in 1801 where Gohanna spent the entirety of his 14-year stud career, he sired numerous successful racehorses including the Derby winners Election and Cardinal Beaufort. Gohanna was bred by the Earl of Egremont and was foaled at his stud near Lewes in 1790. Gohanna's main racing rival was the two horses meeting on the turf on several occasions. Both colts were bred, their dams sired by Herod and their paternal lineage tracing to Eclipse and the Darley Arabian. Gohanna's sire, was foaled in 1778 and was bred by Dennis O'Kelly. Mercury was a successful racehorse over varied distances in his three-year racing career, retiring in 1784 to Lord Egremont's stud and remaining there until his death in April 1793.
Mercury was the sire of The Oaks winners Hippolyta and Platina and was the damsire of Hannibal. Gohanna's dam, an unnamed mare sired by Herod, was bred by Sir Lawrence Dundas in 1779 and produced 12 foals between 1787 and her death in 1807. Gohanna's full-brother, was the Herod Mare's first foal and was a successful racer in the 1790s, winning the King's Plate, before he was sold to William Lightfoot and exported to the United States in the autumn of 1803. Precipitate died at the farm of John C. Goode in Mecklenburg County, Virginia in 1806 after covering a mare. Gohanna was a stocky bay horse on short legs with a small white star on his forehead, his proportions were more fitting a hunter than a racehorse and his physical appearance was vastly different than Waxy's, taller and of a more delicate build. Until 1913 for three-year-olds and 1946 for two-year-olds, British racehorses were not required to be named. For the first two years of Gohanna's racing career he was known as Lord Egremont's bay colt by Mercury or "Brother to Precipitate" due to him being a full-brother of the well-known racer.
He was named "Gohanna" at the beginning of 1795 racing season, the choice derived from the hills of the same name that Lord Egremont used as pasture land for his broodmares. During the early part of Lord Egremont's racing career, his horses were "home trained" at a training grounds near the wall surrounding his estate at Petworth and were placed under the care of his trainer Mr. Brown. Gohanna was once called the "Pride of Petworth" and raced Waxy six times in his career, losing to him in all but one race, a match race at Newmarket in 1794 where Waxy carried two more pounds than Gohanna and lost by half a head. Gohanna did not race as his first start being at the Craven meeting in April, he was second in a 20-guinea sweepstakes to "brother to Skyscraper" and beat Warwick in a sweepstakes race. At the Newmarket spring meeting, he won the first and third classes of the Prince's Stakes; the Epsom Derby occurred on 18 May and was attended by "as numerous a company as appeared on the course." Eleven horses lined up for the start, seven of them sired by Pot-8-Os.
The starting odds for "Brother to Precipitate" were near against the field with 100 to 7 and 100 to 10 odds on Waxy. In the Tattersalls betting room Gohanna was the clear favorite with Waxy "so little thought of, that he had never been mentioned" in the betting. Gohanna took the lead in the initial strides of the race. Waxy pushed Gohanna at the track's first turn and maintaining the lead to become an "easy winner" of the Derby. Three of the top four finishers, the exception being Gohanna, were sired by Pot-8-Os The meeting was notable for a "dreadful accident," a collision between a servant on horseback with the colt Exiseman, the winner of the race after the Derby, for the antics of John Lade dressed in a "loose undress of blue and white striped trowsers" asking the crowd to determine whether he was "the captain of a privateer or an ambassador from the Great Mogul."At the Newmarket Houghton meeting, Gohanna won a 1,400 guinea sweepstakes race, beating Druid, at the same meeting beat the filly Caelia in a match race.
In April Gohanna was unplaced in the second class of the Oatlands Stakes won by Lord Grosvenor's colt Druid. The next day, he won a sweepstakes race at 9 to 2 odds, beating Mr. Barry's colt Old Tat. Lord Egremont paid forfeit to Mr. Wilson's colt Buzzard at the meeting after backing out of a match race. In May he won the Claret Stakes of 1,000 guineas, beating the only other competitor, the Duke of Bedford's colt Teucer. A few days he lost the Jockey Club Plate to Waxy in a three-horse field; the next day, Gohanna beat Waxy in a 100 guinea match race at equal weights. At Lewes on 31 July, Gohanna won a 1,200 guineas sweepstakes beating the colts Guatimozin and Royalist. A few hours after the win, Gohanna lost the four-mile Duke of Richmond's Plate for horses bred in Sussex, losing to his old rival Waxy at equal weights, he walked over for a 40-guinea subscription race the same day. He won a match race against Lord Clermont's Heroine at the October Newmarket meeting, conceding four pounds to the filly in the race.
The next day, he finished second in a 50 guinea subscription race to the aged horse Coriander, carrying 26 more pounds than Gohanna. Named Gohanna, he was unplaced in the Oatlands Stakes, losing to the colt Gabriel, he walked over for a £ 50 race at Lewes. Gohanna won the King's Plate
Ticking is a cotton or linen textile, woven for durability and to prevent down feathers from poking through the fabric, used to cover mattresses and bed pillows. It has a striped design, in muted colors such as brown, grey or blue, red or yellow, against a plain, neutral background. Although traditionally used for mattresses and pillows, the material has found other uses, such as serving as a backing for quilts and other bedding, it is sometimes woven with a twill weave. Ticking is no longer restricted to a utility fabric and has found uses in interior decorating styles intending to evoke a homespun or industrial aesthetic. Modern uses for ticking include furniture upholstery, cushion covers, decorative basket liners, curtains. Lighter weight percale cloth is printed with a striped pattern made to resemble ticking fabric, used to make garments. Denim