Akure is a city in south-western Nigeria, is the largest city and capital of Ondo State. The city had a population of 484,798 as at the 2006 population census. Rock engravings dating back to the Mesolithic period, have been discovered on the outskirts of Akure; the oldest Homo sapiens fossil found in West Africa thus far was discovered there, dating back to around 11,000 years ago. Oral tradition states that Akure was founded by a grandson of the Emperor Oduduwa; the Prince left Ile-Ife, his grandfather's principal kingdom, in search of a place to settle after passing a strict test administered by Oduduwa himself, founded the city. The Oba's Palace is located at the centre of the town, was built in 1150 AD, it has over 15 courtyards, with each having its unique purpose. Ua nla, Ua Ibura, Ua jemifohun, Ua Ikomo are some of the names of the courtyards. For example, in the Ua ubura courtyard, oaths are taken, the ua Ikomo is used for naming ceremonies. At present, a bigger and more modern palace is being built to the south of the old palace's grounds.
Oja Oba, which means the Oba's Market, is just a stone's throw away from the Palace. Akure's King is supported by six high chiefs in his or her domain; the totem of Akure is the father of Omoremi Omoluabi was himself called Ekun. It is for this reason that every descendant of the Akure clan has been addressed by outsiders as Omo Ekun during the recitation of his or her praise poetry or, alternatively, as'Omo Akure Oloyemekun', since Omoremi was said to have stayed for a while at Igbo Ooye before coming to the Akure region. In 1915, the colonial government merged the divisions of Owo and Ekiti to form a new province with headquarters in Akure. In 1976, the town became the capital of Ondo State. Adebiyi Adegboye Adesida Afunbiowo II was chosen as the Deji of Akure on 13 August 2010 to succeed the previous Oba Oluwadamilare Adeshina, dethroned on 10 June 2010 for sacrilegious misdeeds. Afunbiowo's daughter, the Omoba Adetutu, was appointed princess regent following his demise on the 30th of November, 2013.
In 2015, Omoba Kola Aladetoyinbo emerged the new monarch of Akure after beating twelve other contestants nominated by the Osupa ruling house to become the 47th Deji of Akure. Akure lies 5 ° 19' east of the Meridian, it is 311 km north of Lagos State. Residential districts are of varying density, some area such as Arakale, Ayedun Quarters and Oja-Oba consist of over 200 persons per hectare, while areas such as Ijapo Estate, Alagbaka Estate and Idofin have between 60-100 people per hectare; the town is situated in the tropic rainforest zone in Nigeria. Akure has two television and Seven radio stations NTA Akure, Ondo State Television, Sunshine Radio Akure, Adaba FM, FUTA FM, Positive FM Akure, Orange FM, Galaxy Radio and Breeze FM. Akure is the trade center for a farming region where cocoa, cassava and tobacco are grown. Cotton is grown and used to weave cloth; the state specialist hospital in Akure is equipped and staffed with trained medical personnel to cater to the health needs of the populace.
To supplement the efforts of the state specialist hospital in this regard, there are other government health centres and private clinics.'Abiye' health programme of Governor Mimiko administration was recognized by World Health Organization as one of the best health programmes on maternal health programme with the establishment of Mother-Child hospital in Akure. The city has tertiary institutions which include: the Federal University of Technology Akure, Federal College of Agriculture, School of Nursing and Midwifery and School of Health Technology, it has famous secondary schools like St. Thomas Aquinas College, Oyemekun Grammar School, St. Louis Grammar School, Fiwasaye Girls' Grammar School; the first two are for boys while the latter two are for girls in the tradition of early schools in Nigeria. The town is host to Federal Government Girls' College and St. Peter's Unity Secondary School, amongst many others. Within the modern Akure kingdom are two other constituent communities with their separate chiefs and traditions.
The more prominent of the pair is Isikan. The Oba of Isikan is known as the Iralepo. In the olden days these were separate towns, but they were brought together under the nominal control of Akure as a result of a number of wars. Nearby towns include Isarun, Igbaraoke, Itaogbolu, Owo and Ondo; the most influential Deji in recent history was Oba Adesida I, known as Afunbiowo. Several Dejis after him were his direct descendants, it is the birthplace of notable Nigerians like Chief Olu Falae, legal luminary Dr Akinola Aguda and several personalities in the academia, the military and the civil service. Philip Emeagwali the Gordon Bell Prize winner was born in Akure while the mother of King Sunny Adé is a native of Akure. Akure is the hometown of Ralph Alabi, former Chairman of Guinness Nigeria, Kole Omotosho. In Akure, there are many stores which include cuisines such as Chicken Republic, Captain Cook and Mr. Bigg's. There are several clothing stores in Akure, with a newly opened store named "Atmospheric".
The major supermarkets are NAO supermarket,CECI supermarket,PEP stores, Omega supermarket DE CHRIS supermarket while there's a SHOPRITE STORE Akure mall. For sporting events, Akure has a stadium with a capacity to sit 15,000 spectators. A new state-of-the-a
Nigeria the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean; the federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country. Nigeria has been home to states over the millennia; the modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960, it experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
Nigeria is referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18; the country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa and Yoruba. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided in half between Christians, who live in the southern part of the country, Muslims, who live in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities; as of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014.
The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank. However, it has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies, it is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC; the name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined in the late 19th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator; the origin of the name Niger, which applied only to the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen used by inhabitants along the middle reaches of the river around Timbuktu prior to 19th-century European colonialism.
The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between 500 BC and AD 200, producing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa. Further north, the cities Kano and Katsina have a recorded history dating to around 999 AD. Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem–Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa; the Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. In West Africa, the oldest bronzes made using the lost-wax process were from Igbo-Ukwu, a city under Nri influence; the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th and 14th centuries, respectively.
The oldest signs of human settlement at Ife's current site date back to the 9th century, its material culture includes terracotta and bronze figures. Oyo, at its territorial zenith in the late 17th to early 18th centuries, extended its influence from western Nigeria to modern-day Togo; the Edo's Benin Empire is located in southwestern Nigeria. Benin's power lasted between the 19th centuries, their dominance reached further. At the beginning of the 19th century, Usman dan Fodio directed a successful jihad and created and led the centralised Fulani Empire; the territory controlled by the resultant state included much of modern-day northern and central Nigeria. For centuries, various peoples in modern-day Nigeria traded overland with traders from North Africa. Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western and northern Africa. In the 16th century, Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin significant, direct trade with peoples of modern-day Nigeria, at the port they named Lago
Ibadan is the capital and most populous city of Oyo State, Nigeria. With a population of over 3 million, it is the third most populous city in Nigeria after Lagos and Kano. At the time of Nigeria's independence in 1960, Ibadan was the largest and most populous city in the country, the second most populous in Africa after Cairo. Ibadan is located in south-western Nigeria, 128 km inland northeast of Lagos and 530 km southwest of Abuja, the federal capital, is a prominent transit point between the coastal region and the areas in the hinterland of the country. Ibadan had been the centre of administration of the old Western Region since the days of the British colonial rule, parts of the city's ancient protective walls still stand to this day; the principal inhabitants of the city are the Yorubas, as well as various communities from other parts of the country. Ibadan came into existence in 1829, during a period of turmoil that characterized Yorubaland at the time, it was in this period that many old Yoruba cities such as old Oyo and Owu disappeared, newer ones such as Abeokuta, new Oyo and Ibadan sprang up to replace them.
According to local historians, Lagelu founded the city, was intended to be a war camp for warriors coming from Oyo and Ijebu. As a forest site containing several ranges of hills, varying in elevation from 160 to 275 metres, the location of the camp offered strategic defence opportunities. Moreover, its location at the fringe of the forest promoted its emergence as a marketing centre for traders and goods from both the forest and grassland areas. In 1852 the Church Missionary Society sent Anna Hinderer to found a mission, they decided to build the mission and a church in Ibadan when they arrived in 1853. Ibadan thus had begun as a military state and remained so until the last decade of the 19th century; the city-state succeeded in building a large empire from the 1860s to the 1890s which extended over much of northern and eastern Yorubaland. It was appropriately nicknamed "gun base", because of its unique military character. Unlike other Yoruba cities with traditional kingship institutions however, In Ibadan, the warrior class became the rulers of the city as well as the most important economic group.
According to HRH Sir Isaac Babalola Akinyele, the late Olubadan of Ibadan, in his authoritative book on the history of Ibadan, Iwe Itan Ibadan, the first city was destroyed due to an incident at an Egungun festival when an Egungun was accidentally disrobed and derisively mocked by women and children in an open marketplace full of people. The Alaafin of Oyo of that time ordered the old city destroyed for the act. Lagelu could not stop the destruction of his city, but he and some of his people survived the attack and fled to a nearby hill for sanctuary; the new city grew prosperous and became a commercial centre. The newly enthroned Olubadan made a friendly gesture to the Olowu of Owu by allowing Olowu to marry his only daughter, Nkan. A part of Ibadan was an Egba town; the Egba occupants were forced to leave the town and moved to present-day Abeokuta under the leadership of Sodeke as a result of their disloyalty. Ibadan grew into an impressive and sprawling urban center so much that by the end of 1829, Ibadan dominated the Yorùbá region militarily and economically.
The military sanctuary expanded further when refugees began arriving in large numbers from northern Oyo following raids by Fulani warriors. After losing the northern portion of their region to the marauding Fulanis, many Oyo indigenes retreated deeper into the Ibadan environs; the Fulani Caliphate attempted to expand further into the southern region of modern-day Nigeria, but was decisively defeated by the armies of Ibadan in 1840, which halted their progress. The colonial period reinforced the position of the city in the Yoruba urban network. After a small boom in rubber business, cocoa became the main produce of the region and attracted European and Levantine firms, as well as southern and northern traders from Lagos, Ijebu-Ode and Kano among others; the city became a major point of bulk trade. Its central location and accessibility from the capital city of Lagos were major considerations in the choice of Ibadan as the headquarters of the Western Provinces which ranged from the northernmost areas of Oyo State to Ekeremor and Patani, which were regions transferred from the old Delta province in the Old Western region and Mid-west to the old Rivers state and Bayelsa, in the redistricting of Nigeria carried out by the Yakubu Gowon administration shortly before the Nigerian civil war In 1893, Ibadan area became a British Protectorate after a treaty signed by Fijabi, the Baale of Ibadan with the British acting Governor of Lagos Colony, George C. Denton on 15 August.
By the population had swelled to 120,000. The British developed the new colony to facilitate their commercial activities in the area, Ibadan shortly grew into the major trading center that it is today. Ibadan is located in south-western Nigeria in the southeastern part of Oyo State at about 119 kilometres northeast of Lagos and 120 kilometres east of the Nigerian international border with the Republic of Benin, it lies within the tropical forest zone but close to the boundary between the forest and the derived savanna. The city ranges in elevation from 150 m in the valley area, to 275 m above sea level on the major north-south ridge which crosses the central part of the city; the city covers a total area of 3,080 square kilometres (1,190
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate. There are different kinds of semi-arid climates, depending on variables such as temperature, they give rise to different biomes. A more precise definition is given by the Köppen climate classification, which treats steppe climates as intermediates between desert climates and humid climates in ecological characteristics and agricultural potential. Semi-arid climates tend to support short or scrubby vegetation and are dominated by either grasses or shrubs. To determine if a location has a semi-arid climate, the precipitation threshold must first be determined. Finding the precipitation threshold involves first multiplying the average annual temperature in °C by 20 adding 280 if 70% or more of the total precipitation is in the high-sun half of the year, or 140 if 30%–70% of the total precipitation is received during the applicable period, or 0 if less than 30% of the total precipitation is so received.
If the area's annual precipitation is less than the threshold but more than half the threshold, it is classified as a BS. Furthermore, to delineate "hot semi-arid climates" from "cold semi-arid climates", there are three used isotherms: Either a mean annual temperature of 18°C, or a mean temperature of 0°C or −3°C in the coldest month, so that a location with a "BS" type climate with the appropriate temperature above whichever isotherm is being used is classified as "hot semi-arid", a location with the appropriate temperature below the given isotherm is classified as "cold semi-arid". Hot semi-arid climates tend to be located in the 20s and 30s latitudes of the in proximity to regions with a tropical savanna or a humid subtropical climate; these climates tend to have hot, sometimes hot and warm to cool winters, with some to minimal precipitation. Hot semi-arid climates are most found around the fringes of subtropical deserts. Hot semi-arid climates are most found in Africa and South Asia. In Australia, a large portion of the Outback surrounding the central desert regions lies within the hot semi-arid climate region.
In South Asia, both India and sections of Pakistan experiences the seasonal effects of monsoons and feature short but well-defined wet seasons, but is not sufficiently wet overall to qualify as a tropical savanna climate. Hot semi-arid climates can be found in Europe, parts of North America, such as in Mexico, areas of the Southwestern United States, sections of South America such as the sertão, the Gran Chaco, on the poleward side of the arid deserts, where they feature a Mediterranean precipitation pattern, with rainless summers and wetter winters. Cold semi-arid climates tend to be located in elevated portions of temperate zones bordering a humid continental climate or a Mediterranean climate, they are found in continental interiors some distance from large bodies of water. Cold semi-arid climates feature warm to hot dry summers, though their summers are not quite as hot as those of hot semi-arid climates. Unlike hot semi-arid climates, areas with cold semi-arid climates tend to have cold winters.
These areas see some snowfall during the winter, though snowfall is much lower than at locations at similar latitudes with more humid climates. Areas featuring cold semi-arid climates tend to have higher elevations than areas with hot semi-arid climates, tend to feature major temperature swings between day and night, sometimes by as much as 20 °C or more in that time frame; these large diurnal temperature variations are seen in hot semi-arid climates. Cold semi-arid climates at higher latitudes tend to have dry winters and wetter summers, while cold semi-arid climates at lower latitudes tend to have precipitation patterns more akin to subtropical climates, with dry summers wet winters, wetter springs and autumns. Cold semi-arid climates are most found in Asia and North America. However, they can be found in Northern Africa, South Africa, sections of South America and sections of interior southern Australia and New Zealand. In climate classification, three isotherms means that delineate between hot and cold semi-arid climates — the 18°C average annual temperature or that of the coldest month, the warm side of the isotherm of choice defining a BSh climate from the BSk on the cooler side.
As a result of this, some areas can have climates that are classified as hot or cold semi-arid depending on the isotherm used. One such location is San Diego, which has cool summers for the latitude due to prevailing winds off the ocean but mild winters. Continental climate Dust Bowl Goyder's Line Köppen climate classification Palliser's Triangle Ustic Wave height
Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory. It is a planned city and was built in the 1980s, replacing the country's most populous city of Lagos as the capital on 12 December 1991. Abuja's geography is defined by a 400-metre monolith left by water erosion; the Presidential Complex, National Assembly, Supreme Court and much of the city extend to the south of the rock. Zuma Rock, a 792-metre monolith, lies just north of the city on the expressway to Kaduna. At the 2006 census, the city of Abuja had a population of 776,298, making it one of the ten most populous cities in Nigeria. According to the United Nations, Abuja grew by 139.7% between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest growing city in the world. As of 2015, the city is experiencing an annual growth of at least 35%, retaining its position as the fastest-growing city on the African continent and one of the fastest-growing in the world; as at 2016, the metropolitan area of Abuja is estimated at six million persons, placing it behind only Lagos, as the most populous metro area in Nigeria.
Major religious sites include the Nigerian National Mosque and the Nigerian National Christian Centre. The city is served by the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport. Abuja is known for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa, as well as being one of the wealthiest. Abuja is Nigeria's political centre, it is a key capital on the African continent due to Nigeria's geo-political influence in regional affairs. Abuja is a conference centre and hosts various meetings annually, such as the 2003 Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting and the 2014 World Economic Forum meetings. "Abuja" was in the earlier 20th century the name of the nearby town now called Suleja. The indigenous inhabitants of Abuja are the Gbagyi, with the Gbagyi language the major of the region language, others in the area being Bassa, Gade and Koro. In light of the ethnic and religious divisions of Nigeria, plans had been devised since Nigeria's independence to have its capital in a place deemed neutral to all major ethnic parties, in close proximity to all the regions of Nigeria.
The location was designated in the centre of the country in the early 1970s as it signified neutrality and national unity. Another impetus for Abuja came because of Lagos' population boom that made that city overcrowded and conditions squalid; as Lagos was undergoing rapid economic development, the Nigerian regime felt the need to expand the economy towards the inner part of the country, hence decided to move its capital to Abuja. The logic used was similar to the way Brazil planned Brasília; the decision to move to Abuja was made by General Murtala Mohammed in 1976. Construction started in the late 1970s but, due to economic and political instability, the initial stages of the city were not complete until the late 1980s; the master plan for Abuja and the Federal Capital Territory was developed by International Planning Associates, a consortium of three American firms: Planning Research Corporation. The master plan for Abuja defined the general structure and major design elements of the city that are visible in its current form.
More detailed design of the central areas of the capital its monumental core, was accomplished by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, with his team of city planners at Kenzo Tange and Urtec company. Most countries relocated their embassies to Abuja, many maintain their former embassies as consulates in Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria. Abuja is the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States and the regional headquarters of OPEC. Abuja and the FCT have experienced huge population growth. Squatter settlements and towns have spread in and outside the city limits. Tens of thousands of people have been evicted since former FCT minister Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai started a demolition campaign in 2003. Abuja under Köppen climate classification features a tropical dry climate; the FCT experiences three weather conditions annually. This includes a blistering dry season. In between the two, there is a brief interlude of harmattan occasioned by the northeast trade wind, with the main feature of dust haze and dryness.
The rainy season begins from April and ends in October, when daytime temperatures reach 28 °C to 30 °C and nighttime lows hover around 22 °C to 23 °C. In the dry season, daytime temperatures can soar as high as 40 °C and nighttime temperatures can dip to 12 °C; the chilliest nights can be followed by daytime temperatures well above 30 °C. The high altitudes and undulating terrain of the FCT act as a moderating influence on the weather of the territory; the city's inland location causes the diurnal temperature variation to be much larger than coastal cities with similar climates such as Lagos. Rainfall in the FCT reflects the territory's location on the windward side of the Jos Plateau and the zone of rising air masses with the city receiving frequent rainfall during the rainy season from April to October every year; the FCT falls within the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic zone of the West African sub-region. Patches of rain forest, occur in the Gwagwa plains in the rugged terrain to the southeastern parts of the territory, where a landscape of gullies and rough terrain is found.
These areas of the Federal Capital Territory form one of the few
Aba is a city in the southeast of Nigeria and the commercial center of Abia State. Upon the creation of Abia state in 1991, Aba was divided into two local governments areas namely. Aba south is the heart beat of Abia State, south-east Nigeria, it is located on the Aba River. Aba is made up many villages such as. Aba was established by the Ngwa clan of Igbo People of Nigeria as a market town and later a military post was placed there by the British colonial administration in 1901, it lies along the west bank of the Aba River, is at the intersection of roads leading to Port Harcourt, Umuahia, Ikot Ekpene, Ikot Abasi. The city became a collecting point for agricultural products following the British made railway running through it to Port Harcourt. Aba is a major urban settlement and commercial centre in a region, surrounded by small villages and towns; the indigenous people of Aba are the Ngwa. Aba is well known for its craftsmen; as of 2018 census, Aba had a population of 2,534,265. Aba as a City is made up of many villages namely.
Aba-Ukwu is the premier village in Aba, little wonder the late Eze W. E Ukaegbu of Aba-Ukwu was referred to as the 9th Grand Son of Aba. Hence the owners of Aba are referred to as Aba la Ohazu indigenes and Chief Ogbonna Uruakpa Nkwoha of Eziukwu Village was made the King of Aba and the only recognised Royal throne by the Queen of England, it became an administrative centre of Britain's colonial government. Aba has been a major commercial centre; the Aro Expedition, part of a larger military plan to quell anti-colonial sentiment in the region, took place in the area of Aba during 1901 and 1902. During this military action, the British beat the native Aro people with an unknown number of casualties. In 1901, the British founded a military post in Aba and in 1915, a railroad was constructed to link it to Port Harcourt, which transported agricultural goods such as palm oil and palm kernels. In 1929 Aba was the site of a revolt by Igbo women known as "The Aba Women's Riot", a protest of the colonial taxation policy.
The riot started first as a peaceful protest against the initial census of women in the region, subsequent assumed taxation of the women based upon rumour. The protests spread throughout the palm oil belt, but remained peaceful until a pregnant woman was knocked over during a "scuffle", the lady losing her child; the news of this "act of abomination" spread and violent reactions ensued. After more deaths, some accidental, some not, occurred, a mass of 10,000 women marched on Aba. Sources dispute the numbers with 55 to over 100 being reported. During the height of the Nigerian Civil War in 1967, the state capital of Biafra was moved to Umuahia from Enugu. Aba was devastated during the Biafran War. By the 1930s, Aba was becoming a large urban community with an established industrial complex. Aba is the home of many distinguished families such as the popular Emejiaka Egbu family of Aba la Ohazu, Ogbonna family of Eziukwu-Aba, the prestigious Ichita family of Umuokpoji-Aba,the Omenihu family of Obuda-Aba, the Ugbor family of Aba-Ukwu, the Ugwuzor family Umuokpoji Aba, the Ihemadu family of Ohabiam, the Ukaegbu family of Aba-ukwu, the Ahunanya family of Ohabiam and so forth.
Aba is surrounded by oil wells which separate it from the city of Port Harcourt, a 30 kilometres pipeline powers Aba with gas from the Imo River natural gas repository. Its major economic contributions are Textiles and Palm Oil along with pharmaceuticals, plastics and cosmetics which made the Ariaria International Market to become the largest market in west Africa seconded by the Onitsha Main Market. There is a Heineken brewery, a glass company and distillery within the city, it is famous for its handicrafts. Aba is powered by the Enugu electricity distribution company, its a product of the unbundling of the Nigerian electricity power authority, there is another electrical company, yet to start power generation called the geometric power company, if this starts the daily hours of electricity will improve in aba and the electricity generator is a household item in every home that can afford it, for some places in aba it is the only source of electricity; the city has played a lasting role in the Christian evangelism of the Southeast of Nigeria since the British brought the Church Missionary Society, an evangelism vehicle of Church of England used to plant what today has become the Anglican Church of Nigeria.
The church named All the Saints, originated out of the evangelical initiative of three oil traders from Opopo-Joseph Cookey, Gabrial Coookey and Zedekiah Cookeys. These men sailed up the Abs- Azumini River in 1896 for their trading and for planting of Christian Region. In 1897, they negotiated with Abayi and Umuocham people for land establish their oil business at two beaches, which they built at Abayi waterside and Umuocham waterside, they traded oil producers from Ngwa the life, the word they preach, the religious cum trade relationship that transpired, the cookeys converted the Abayi and Umuocham people to Christianity. From 1901 in 1902, they planning at intensive crusade and invited their landlords; this led to the planting of two congregation one at Abayi waterside and the other at Umuocham dedicated by Bishop Johnson, the Assistant Bishop in the Diocese of Western Equatorial Africa. The ear
Ife is an ancient Yoruba city in south-western Nigeria. The city is located in present day Osun State. Ife is about 218 kilometers northeast of Lagos with a population of 509,813. According to the Yoruba religion Ife was founded by the order of the Supreme God Olodumare to Obatala and fell into the hands of his brother Oduduwa, which created turmoil between the two. Oduduwa created his own dynasty through his sons and daughters that became different rulers of many kingdoms; the first Oòni of Ife is a descendant of Oduduwa, the 401st Orisha. The present ruler since 2015 is Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi Ojaja II, Ooni of Ife, a Nigerian accountant. Named as the city of 401 deities Ife is home to many worshipers of these deities which are celebrated through festivals. Along with the culture of Ife, their beliefs extend along the concept of the Ase, which help make art of the Kings and Gods. Ilé-Ifè is famous worldwide for its ancient and naturalistic bronze and terracotta sculptures, dating back to between 1200 and 1400 A.
D. According to Yoruba religion, the Supreme God, ordered Obatala to create the earth, but on his way he found palm wine which he drank and became intoxicated. Therefore, the younger brother of the latter, took the three items of creation from him, climbed down from the heavens on a chain and threw a handful of earth on the primordial ocean put a cockerel on it so that it would scatter the earth, thus creating the land on which Ile Ife would be built. Oduduwa planted a palm nut in a hole in the newly formed land and from there sprang a great tree with sixteen branches, a symbolic representation of the clans of the early Ife city-state; the usurpation of creation, by Oduduwa, gave rise to the ever-lasting conflict between him and his elder brother Obatala, still re-enacted in the modern era by the cult groups of the two clans during the Itapa New Year festival. On account of his creation of the world, Oduduwa became the ancestor of the first divine king of the Yoruba, while Obatala is believed to have created the first Yoruba people out of clay.
The meaning of the word "ife" in Yoruba is "expansion". Oduduwa had sons, a grandson, who went on to found their own kingdoms and empires, namely Ila Orangun, Ketu, Sabe and Oyo. Oranmiyan, Oduduwa's last born, was one of his father's principal ministers and overseer of the nascent Edo empire after Oduduwa granted the plea of the Edo people for his governance; when Oranmiyan decided to go back to Ile Ife, after a period of service in Benin, he left behind a child named Eweka that he had in the interim with an indigenous princess. The young boy went on to become the first legitimate ruler of the second Edo dynasty that has ruled what is now Benin from that day to this. Oranmiyan went on to found the Oyo Empire that stretched at its height from the western banks of the river Niger to the Eastern banks of the river Volta, it would serve as one of the most powerful of Africa's medieval states, prior to its collapse in the 19th century. The Oòni of Ife is a descendant of the godking Oduduwa, is counted first among the Yoruba kings.
He is traditionally considered the only one that speaks. In fact, the royal dynasty of Ife traces its origin back to the founding of the city more than ten thousand years before the birth of Jesus Christ; the present ruler is Adeyeye Ogunwusi, styled His Imperial Majesty by his subjects. The Ooni ascended his throne in 2015. Following the formation of the Yoruba Orisha Congress in 1986, the Ooni acquired an international status the likes of which the holders of his title hadn't had since the city's colonisation by the British. Nationally he had always been prominent amongst the Federal Republic of Nigeria's company of royal Obas, being regarded as the chief priest and custodian of the holy city of all the Yorubas. In former times, the palace of the Ooni of Ife was a structure built of authentic enameled bricks, decorated with artistic porcelain tiles and all sorts of ornaments. At present, it is a more modern series of buildings; the current Ooni, Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi Ojaja II, Ooni of Ife, is a Nigerian accountant and the 51st Ooni of Ife.
He succeeded the late Oba Okunade Sijuwade, who had died on July 28, 2015. Ife is well known as the city of 401 deities, it is said that every day of the year the traditional worshippers celebrate a festival of one of these deities. The festivals extend over more than one day and they involve both priestly activities in the palace and theatrical dramatisations in the rest of the kingdom; the King only appeared in public during the annual Olojo festival. Kings and Gods were depicted with large heads because the artists believed that the Ase was held in the head, the Ase being the inner power and energy of a person. Both historic figures of Ife and the offices associated with them are represented. One of the best documented among this is the early king Obalufon II, said to have invented bronze casting and is honored in the form of a naturalistic copper life-size mask; the city was a settlement of substantial size between the 12th and 14th centuries, with houses featuring potsherd pavements. Ilé-Ifè is known worldwide for its ancient and naturalistic bronze and terracotta sculptures, which reached their peak of artistic expression between 1200 and 1400 A.
D. In the period around 1300 C. E. the artists at Ife developed a refined and naturalistic sculptural tradition in terracotta and copper alloy - coppe