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Bislett Games

The Bislett Games is an annual track and field meeting at the Bislett Stadium in Oslo, Norway. One of the IAAF Golden League events, it is now part of the IAAF Diamond League, it is sponsored by ExxonMobil and known as the ExxonMobil Bislett Games. The first international athletics meeting at Bislett was held in 1924; until 1937 the competitions are known as "The American Meetings". Different organizers staged the meetings between 1947 and 1965 until the three athletics associations BUL, Vidar and Tjalve formed the Bislett Alliance. At this year Arne Haukvik founded the Bislett Games, he was a former politician and director of the meeting, who used to invite the athletes and the press to his home for his traditional "strawberry party" the day before the event each year. He died of cancer in 2002 at age 76; the tradition however is continued. Bislett Stadium was used for speed skating events at the Olympics, but nowadays it is better known for its Bislett Games athletics meeting. Bislett Games attract the best track and field athletes from all over the world, 65 world records have been set on its forgiving, brick-coloured track so far.

Due to the building of the new Bislett Stadium in Oslo, which started in April 2004, the 2004 edition of the traditional athletics meeting was staged on Fana stadion in Bergen under the name Bergen Bislett Games. In 2009, a severe storm delayed proceedings and caused damage to the track-side clock display. Sanya Richards recorded the fastest women's 400 metres time since 2006 while the Dream Mile brought a number of records with winner Deresse Mekonnen improving upon his Ethiopian record, Kenyan William Biwott Tanui setting a world junior record and third-placed Augustine Choge beating his personal best. Former javelin winners Andreas Thorkildsen and Tero Pitkämäki continued their five-year shared dominance of the Bislett Games, with Pitkämäki taking the victory this time. Over the course of its history, numerous world records have been set at the Games and former athletics meetings at Bislett stadium. 1985 three new records was set at the same evening. + = en route to a longer distance Dream Mile Diamond League – Oslo Official Web Site

Terrenate, Tlaxcala

Terrenate is a city, the surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala. It is situated at 2,680 metres above sea level. "Terrenate" is a Nahuatl name meaning "land the colour of masa". Terrenate is in the extreme northeast of the state, adjacent to the municipalities of: to the west, Tetla de la Solidaridad, Emiliano Zapata, Lázaro Cárdenas to the south and Xaloztoc to the east, Altzayanca to the north, Ixtacamaxtitlán in the neighbouring state of Puebla. Chiefly agricultural: crops and livestock. Little other industry or employment opportunities. Migration levels to the United States, are high. In 1996, what are now the municipalities of Emiliano Zapata and Lázaro Cárdenas, were split off from Terrenate when the state created 16 new municipalities. In addition to the municipal seat, the municipality has numerous hamlets. San Nicolás Terrenate Toluca de Guadalupe Nicolás Bravo Villareal El Capulín Guadalupe Victoria Los Ameles del Rosario The church of San Nicolás de Tolentino in the municipal seat dates from the 17th century.


Fick principle

Developed by Adolf Eugen Fick, the Fick principle has been applied to the measurement of cardiac output. Its underlying principles may be applied in a variety of clinical situations; the essence of the Fick principle is that blood flow to an organ can be calculated using a marker substance if the following information is known: Amount of marker substance taken up by the organ per unit time Concentration of marker substance in arterial blood supplying the organ Concentration of marker substance in venous blood leaving the organIn Fick's original method, the "organ" was the entire human body and the marker substance was oxygen. The first publishing of this was in a conference proceedings from July 9, 1870 from a lecture he gave at that conference; the principle may be applied in different ways. For example, if the blood flow to an organ is known, together with the arterial and venous concentrations of the marker substance, the uptake of marker substance by the organ may be calculated. In Fick's original method, the following variables are measured: VO2, oxygen consumption in ml of pure gaseous oxygen per minute.

This may be measured using a spirometer within a closed rebreathing circuit incorporating a CO2 absorber Ca, the oxygen content of blood taken from the pulmonary vein Cv, the oxygen content of blood from an intravenous cannula From these values, we know that: V O 2 = − where CO = Cardiac Output Ca = Oxygen content of arterial blood Cv = Oxygen content of mixed venous bloodThis allows us to say C O = V O 2 C a − C v and hence calculate cardiac output. Note, known as the arteriovenous oxygen difference. In reality, this method is used due to the difficulty of collecting and analysing the gas concentrations. However, by using an assumed value for oxygen consumption, cardiac output can be approximated without the cumbersome and time-consuming oxygen consumption measurement; this is sometimes called an assumed Fick determination. A used value for O2 consumption at rest is 125 ml O2 per minute per square meter of body surface area; the Fick principle relies on the observation that the total uptake of a substance by the peripheral tissues is equal to the product of the blood flow to the peripheral tissues and the arterial-venous concentration difference of the substance.

In the determination of cardiac output, the substance most measured is the oxygen content of blood thus giving the arteriovenous oxygen difference, the flow calculated is the flow across the pulmonary system. This gives a simple way to calculate the cardiac output: Cardiac Output = oxygen consumption arteriovenous oxygen difference Assuming there is no intracardiac shunt, the pulmonary blood flow equals the systemic blood flow. Measurement of the arterial and venous oxygen content of blood involves the sampling of blood from the pulmonary artery and from the pulmonary vein. In practice, sampling of peripheral arterial blood is a surrogate for pulmonary venous blood. Determination of the oxygen consumption of the peripheral tissues is more complex; the calculation of the arterial and venous oxygen concentration of the blood is a straightforward process. All oxygen in the blood is bound to hemoglobin molecules in the red blood cells. Measuring the content of hemoglobin in the blood and the percentage of saturation of hemoglobin is a simple process and is available to physicians.

Using the fact that each gram of hemoglobin can carry 1.34 ml of O2, the oxygen content of the blood can be estimated by the following formula: Oxygen Content of blood = × 1.34 × O 2 saturation fraction + 0.0032 × P O 2 Assuming a hemoglobin concentration of 15 g/dl and an oxygen saturation of 99%, the oxygen concentration of arterial blood is 200 ml of O2 per L. The saturation of mixed venous blood is 75% in health. Using this value in the above equation, the oxygen concentration of mixed venous blood is 150 ml of O2 per L. Therefore, using the assumed Fick determination, the approximated cardiac output for an average man is: Cardiac Output = / = 4.75 L/minute Cardiac output may be estimated with the Fick principle using production of carbon dioxide as a marker substance. The principle can be used in renal physio

Erie International Airport

Erie International Airport Tom Ridge Field is a public airport five miles southwest of Erie, in Erie County. Airline service at Erie faces stiff competition from the Pittsburgh, Cleveland and Toronto airports, all within three hours of Erie by car. In 2004 Erie was the third-fastest-growing airport in the United States, the fastest-growing airport in Pennsylvania, it is 128 miles from Pittsburgh, 111 miles from the Canada–US border, 95 miles from Cleveland, Ohio and 105 miles from Buffalo, New York. The airport is named for former Pennsylvania governor and Erie native Tom Ridge In 1924, Roger Griswold purchased 22.12 acres of land 6 miles west of Erie at the intersection of West Lake and Asbury Roads for use as an airfield. Soon after, a flight training school was based at the field. In 1927, as part of a nationwide tour by Charles Lindbergh after his transatlantic flight, Erie was selected as one of the cities where Lindbergh would make a brief stopover. However, as Griswold Field proved inadequate for the larger Spirit of St. Louis to land and an alternative site could not be located, a flyover by Lindbergh had to suffice.

This event showed the need for a proper airport and prompted the Erie City Council to examine to possibility of establishing a municipal airport. City Council was favoring a site 1⁄2-mile east of Wesleyville for a municipal airport. After recommendations made by Lindbergh to a Congressional committee that no airport less than 1 square mile be approved, the planning commission for Erie's airport began to reevaluate the site they chose. Griswold Field closed in 1929 when Griswold moved to Long Island, but aircraft and the flight school continued to use it; that year two airfields were established: one on land adjacent to the former Griswold Field, another in Kearsarge, now the site of the Millcreek Mall. American Airlines. Began Port Erie Airport's first commercial passenger and airmail service in June 1938. Prior to September 11, 2001 the airport was at its height with US Airways mainline jets to Pittsburgh and international service to Toronto. After 9/11 US Airways replaced DC-9s with regional jets.

As air service rebounded in the mid-2000s, US Airways Express flew to Pittsburgh and Charlotte. US Airways discontinued Charlotte flights in 2006. Delta Air Lines discontinued Atlanta flights on September 6, 2007. In early 2008 US Airways discontinued Pittsburgh flights. On August 22, 2018, Derek Martin was named Executive Director of the airport. On February 24, 2020, non-stop service to Washington Dulles International Airport on United Express was announced; the service was made possible by a $292,000 grant from the U. S. Department of Transportation's Small Community Air Service Development Program; as of August 2019, American Eagle service is two flights daily to Charlotte and one flight daily to Chicago-O'Hare on the ERJ-145. The 1,920-foot extension of runway 6/24 was opened on November 8, 2012; the total cost of the project was $80.5 million, or $5 million under budget. Owing to a mild winter in 2011–2012 that did not hinder construction work, the extension was completed two years ahead of schedule.

Erie International/Tom Ridge Field covers 450 acres and has two runways: Runway 2/20: 3,508 ft × 150 ft, Surface: Asphalt Runway 6/24: 8,420 ft × 150 ft, Surface: Asphalt/ConcreteThe airport has a passenger terminal building which opened in 1958 and has had several expansions and upgrades since its construction. The 1970s saw expansions to baggage claim facilities and an office expansion for FAA office facilities on the second floor. A ticketing area on the western end of the terminal building was added in 1990. Upgrades to the lobby area and boarding gates and passenger boarding bridges followed in the late 1990s and early 2000s; the first floor of the passenger terminal building which houses the baggage claim, check in desks, rental car counters, cafe, TSA checkpoint and boarding gate areas occupies 43,200 square feet. In August 2019, the public waiting area and in-terminal restaurant were renovated; the entrance to the restaurant was reconfigured to provide airside access from the secure side of the terminal.

The terminal has 3 with jetbridges for regional aircraft. Current occupied gates are: Gate 1- United Express, Gate 5- Delta Connection, Gate 7- American Eagle Taxis can reach the airport. Two Erie Metropolitan Transit Authority bus routes stop at the airport. Avis Rent a Car System, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, The Hertz Corporation, National Car Rental have car rental counters. In 1986, USAir flight 499, a DC-9, arriving from Toronto Pearson International Airport, landed on snow-covered runway 24, slid off the runway to rest over Asbury Road on the western perimeter of the airport. In 1984, a Spirit Airlines chartered flight, a DC-9 carrying a football team, landed in snowy conditions on a soft patch of land next to the runway. On January 5, 2006, PSA Airlines flight 1355 had a tire on the left landing gear burst with no injuries. On September 21, 2017, Delta Connection Flight 4906 en route from Detroit to Greater Rochester International Airport declared an emergency and

Tinker Ticker

Tinker Ticker is a 2013 South Korean crime drama film written and directed by Kim Jung-hoon in his first feature-length for his Korean Academy of Film Arts graduation project. Starring Byun Yo-han and Park Jung-min, it follows a bombmaker, it made its world premiere at the 26th Tokyo International Film Festival in 2013, competing in the inaugural Best Asian Future Film Award category. Park Jung-gu sends out homemade bombs to people he finds online who are to use them, yet these devices are unused. One day, Jung-gu sends him a package. Soon an explosion in a delivery truck hits the news. Before long, Hyo-min discovers, sending him the packages and the two form a tenuous relationship. However, Hyo-min's unpredictable behavior becomes dangerous and Jung-gu finds himself caught in a situation that he can no longer handle. Byun Yo-han as Park Jung-gu Park Jung-min as Lee Hyo-min Kim Hee-chang as Professor Baek Oh Chang-kyung as Detective Oh Park Seong-il as Han Gyoo-nam Yoon Dae Hyung as Pil-gyoon Lee Si-won as Si-won Um Tae-hwa Pierce Conran: Tinker Ticker is another impressive debut from a KAFA graduate student.

The film benefits from its strong central pairing with Byun Yo-han as the reticent Jung-gu and Park Jung-min delivering a charismatic turn as the impulsive Hyo-min. Tinker Ticker at HanCinema Tinker Ticker at the Korean Movie Database Tinker Ticker on IMDb

Garibaldi Monument in Taganrog

A monument of Italian general and nationalist Giuseppe Garibaldi, one of the leaders of Italian unification, is located in Taganrog, one of the largest ports in Russia. Built in 1961, the monument commemorates Garibaldi’s visit to Taganrog in April 1833, it celebrates the friendship between Italy and Russia. Giuseppe Garibaldi came from a sailor’s family and he was reared to a life on the sea. After becoming a merchant marine captain in 1832, he visited many ports and he harbored his schooner Clorinda in the city of Taganrog. There are records that he was fined here for smuggling contraband cigars. A special day for Garibaldi came on a visit to Taganrog in April 1833, as his schooner charged with a shipment of oranges was moored for ten days in the Taganrog seaport. While the ship was unloading, the young captain walked through the streets of the city, visiting the houses of Italians who lived in Taganrog, spending the night in little port inns. In one of such inns, he met Giovanni Battista Cuneo from Oneglia, a political immigrant from Italy and member of the secret movement Young Italy.

Garibaldi described this meeting in the following way: “In all circumstances of my life I continued consulting people and books on the revival of Italy, but until 24 years of old, these efforts were in vain. In Taganrog I met a Ligurian, the one to reveal me the real state of things in this country. I guess Columbus never felt so happy discovering America, as I felt there among the people who dedicated their lives to liberation of their Homeland.” In Taganrog, Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the society “Young Italy” and took an oath of dedicating his life to struggle for liberation of his Homeland from Austrian dominance. In 1961 Taganrog paid the tribute to the staying of Garibaldi with one of the downtown streets named after him, with an obelisk in honor of Garibaldi not far from the seaport where stood his schooner Clorinda; the obelisk is a 5-meter high stella representing the flying banner. The description on the backside reads: In 1833, Giuseppe Garibaldi took an oath of dedicating his life to liberation and unification of his Homeland – Italy.

Under leadership of the national hero Giuseppe Garibaldi, the country was liberated and unified. On the front side, it says: In the person of Garibaldi Italy had a hero of antique kind, capable of producing miracles and who produced miracles; the obelisk in honor of Garibaldi’s visit to Taganrog was inaugurated on June 2, 1961 for the centenary of Italy’s liberation. The local artist Yakovenko realized the project of the monument; the bas-relief was produced by the artist Baranov. In 1986, the bas-relief was replaced due to technical reasons and a new bas-relief by the artist Beglov was installed; the photograph of the Taganrog's Giuseppe Garibaldi monument was displayed at the exhibition "Hero of Two Worlds: Monuments to Garibaldi Across the World" that opened at the Garibaldi-Meucci Museum in New York City on July 21, 2007. September 12, 2007, a new renovated Giuseppe Garibaldi monument was unveiled during celebrations of the "City Day" and within the program of the events dedicated to Giuseppe Garibaldi bicentenary in Taganrog.

Annita Garibaldi-Jallet, granddaughter of the Italian revolutionary and representatives of the Italian embassy in Moscow participated in the event. The quotation from Friedrich Engels was removed from the front side, the description on the back side remained unchanged; this is the only monument in honor of Giuseppe Garibaldi in the former Soviet Union. Notes SourcesThe Taganrog Encyclopaedia, 2nd edition, 2003 materials of the Taganrog State Archive and Taganrog Local Government "Таганрогская Правда" №22 2-8/06/2006 г. стр.14 "Историческая встреча"