Bissau is the capital city of Guinea-Bissau. In 2015, Bissau had a population of 492,004. Bissau is located on the Geba River estuary, off the Atlantic Ocean, is Guinea-Bissau's largest city, major port, its administrative and military centre; the city was founded in 1687 by Portugal as a fortified trading center. In 1942 it became the capital of Portuguese Guinea. After the declaration of independence by the anti-colonial guerrillas of PAIGC in 1973, the capital of the rebel territories was declared to be Madina do Boe, while Bissau remained the colonial capital; when Portugal granted independence, following the military coup of April 25 in Lisbon, Bissau became the capital of the new independent state. Bissau was the scene of intense fighting during the beginning and end of the Guinea-Bissau Civil War in 1998 and 1999. Bissau is located at 15 ° 36' West, on the Geba River estuary, off the Atlantic Ocean; the land surrounding Bissau is low-lying, the river is accessible to ocean-going vessels despite its modest discharge for about 80 kilometres beyond the city.

Bissau has a tropical savanna climate, not quite wet enough to qualify as a tropical monsoon climate but much wetter than most climates of its type. No rain falls from December to April, but during the remaining five months of the year the city receives around 2,020 millimetres of rain. At the 1979 census, Bissau had a population of 109,214. By the 2015 census Bissau had a population of 492,004. Bissau is the country's largest city, major port, educational and military center. Peanuts, copra, palm oil, rubber are the chief products; the airport that serves Bissau is Osvaldo Vieira International Airport, with regional international flights as well as flights to Europe, on six scheduled commercial airline companies. The Universidade Amílcar Cabral was founded in 2003. There are two Portuguese international schools in Bissau: Escola Portuguesa da Guiné-Bissau Escola Portuguesa Passo a Passo Attractions include the Portuguese-built Fortaleza de São José da Amura barracks from the 18th century, containing Amílcar Cabral's mausoleum, the Pidjiguiti Memorial to the dockers killed in the Bissau Dockers' Strike on August 3, 1959, the Guinea-Bissau National Arts Institute, Bissau New Stadium and local beaches.

Many buildings in the city were ruined during the Guinea-Bissau Civil War, including the Guinea-Bissau Presidential Palace and the Bissau French Cultural Centre, the city centre is still underdeveloped. Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. There are Christian churches and temples: Roman Catholic Diocese of Bissau, Evangelical Churches, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God. Bissau is twinned with: Águeda Municipality, Portugal Dakar, Senegal Charleston, United States Chongqing, China Agadir, Morocco Havana, Cuba Lisbon, Portugal Lagos, Nigeria Luanda, Angola Taipei, Taiwan Praia, Cape Verde Ankara, Turkey Sintra, Portugal Lobban, Richard Andrew, Jr.. Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. Scarecrow Press. Pp. 91–96. ISBN 0-8108-3226-7. Media related to Bissau at Wikimedia Commons Bissau travel guide from Wikivoyage

Norway–Sudan relations

NorwaySudan relations are international relations between Norway and Sudan. Sudan has an embassy Oslo. Norway has an embassy in Khartoum. There are 1,318 Sudanese people living in Norway. Most of them are Christian people from Darfur. Norway's Ministry of Foreign Affairs discourages people from travelling to Darfur because of the ongoing civil unrest. Norway is a donor of humanitarian aid to Sudan. Norway played a key role in the negotiations for the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between Northern Sudan and Southern Sudan to end the Second Sudanese Civil War. In 2005 Norway helped broker the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and hosted a humanitarian aid conference to raise international money for the Sudan. In 2006 Norway was one of the few European nations that contributed to the United Nations peacekeeping force during the War in Darfur. 170 specialist troops were sent. In 2007 Erik Solheim, the Norwegian Minister for International Cooperation visited the Sudan and met with Salva Kiir Mayardit. At a joint press conference it was announced that Norway would provide $US 100 million a year for development.

In 2008 Norway said it would provide $US 490 million in humanitarian aid for the period of 2008 through 2011. The announcement was made during a three-day donor conference hosted by Norway; the total amount raised at the meeting was US$4.8 billion. At the meeting Sudanese Vice President Ali Osman Taha called for increased support. Hilde Frafjord Johnson, the former Norwegian aid minister who help broker the 2005 peace accord, said the peace effort suffered two setbacks: the death of John Garang in the 2005 plane crash, the continued fighting Darfur. Foreign relations of Norway Foreign relations of Sudan People of African descent in Norway


The Coudenhove-Kalergi family is a noble Bohemian family of mixed European descent, formed after Count Franz Karl von Coudenhove married Marie Kalergi. The Coudenhoves were Counts of the Holy Roman Empire since 1790 and were prominent in the Netherlands and Belgium. After the upheaval of the French Revolution, they went to Austria; the Kallergis family had enjoyed high status in Crete having been sent there by Byzantine emperor Alexios II Komnenos in the mid-12th century.. They remained there during the Venetian occupation 1204-1669 and subsequently moved to Venetian held Ionian Islands, their palazzo in Venice is still there. The Coudenhove family dates back to the Duchy of Brabant nobleman and crusader Gerolf I de Coudenhove and after it fought for the Habsburgs in the Dutch Revolt, the family moved to Flanders before the Habsburgs and Coudenhoves left after the Austrian Netherlands was taken by the Revolutionary French Republic; the Kallergis family is a Cretan family and claimed descent from the Byzantine Phokas family, which produced several generals and an emperor.

During the Venetian rule over Crete, the Kallergis family was one of the most important Greek Orthodox families on the island. The two families united when, on 27 June 1857 in Paris, Count Franz Karl von Coudenhove married Marie Kalergi, only daughter of Polish pianist Maria Nesselrode and her husband, Jan Kalergis; the lands thus combined included the Zamato estate in the Carinthian mountains, the castle of Ottensheim in Upper Austria, the Ronsperg estate and castle in western Bohemia. Franz and Marie had six children, including Heinrich, the first count to use the double-barrelled name; when Heinrich's eldest son, Johannes Evangelist Virgilio Coudenhove-Kalergi, was 24 years old, he asked Emperor Charles I of Austria to give him the title Coudenhove-Kalergi of Ronspergheim, the Emperor granted this request. Franz Ludwig von Coudenhove, adjutant of Archduke Charles army Maximilian von Coudenhove, Austrian feldmarschallleutnant Franz Karl von Coudenhove, father of Heinrich von Coudenhove-Kalergi Max von Coudenhove / Max Julius Viktor Maria von Coudenhove, Austrian diplomat Dimitrios Kallergis, foreign minister of Greece, minister of military affairs of Greece Maria Nesselrode and patronne having a relationship with many famous people: Heine, Chateaubriand, Musset, Mérimée, Richard Wagner, Chopin.