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Black-backed jackal

The black-backed jackal is a canid native to eastern and southern Africa. These regions are separated by 900 kilometers. One region includes the southernmost tip of the continent, including South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe; the other area is along the eastern coastline, including Kenya, Djibouti and Ethiopia. It is listed by the IUCN as least concern, due to its widespread range and adaptability, although it is still persecuted as a livestock predator and rabies vector. Compared to other members of the genus Canis, the black-backed jackal is a ancient species, has changed little since the Pleistocene, being the most basal wolf-like canine, alongside the related side-striped jackal, it is a fox-like animal with a reddish coat and a black saddle that extends from the shoulders to the base of the tail. It is a monogamous animal, whose young may remain with the family to help raise new generations of pups; the black-backed jackal is not a fussy eater, feeds on small to medium-sized animals, as well as plant matter and human refuse.

The species is known by several different names, including saddle-backed, silver-backed and golden jackal. The Latin mesomelas is a compound consisting of meso and melas; the black-backed jackal has occupied eastern and southern Africa for at least 2-3 million years, as shown by fossil deposits in Kenya and South Africa. Specimens from fossil sites in Transvaal are identical to their modern counterparts, but have different nasal bones; as no fossils have been found north of Ethiopia, the species has always been sub-Saharan in distribution. The black-backed jackal is unspecialised, can thrive in a wide variety of habitats, including deserts, as its kidneys are well adapted for water deprivation, it is, more adapted to a carnivorous diet than the other jackals, as shown by its well-developed carnassial shear and the longer cutting blade of the premolars. Juliet Clutton-Brock classed the black-backed jackal as being related to the side-striped jackal, based on cranial and dental characters. Studies on allozyme divergence within the Canidae indicate that the black-backed jackal and other members of the genus Canis are separated by a considerable degree of genetic distance.

Further studies show a large difference in mitochondrial DNA sequences between black-backed jackals and other sympatric "jackal" species, consistent with divergence 2.3–4.5 million years ago. A mitochondrial DNA sequence alignment for the wolf-like canids gave a phylogenetic tree with the side-striped jackal and the black-backed jackal being the most basal members of this clade, which means that this tree is indicating an African origin for the clade; because of this deep divergence between the black-backed jackal and the rest of the "wolf-like" canids, one author has proposed to change the species' generic name from Canis to Lupulella. In 2017, jackal relationships were further explored, with an mDNA study finding that the two black-backed jackal subspecies had diverged from each other 1.4 million years ago to form the central African and east African populations. The study proposes that due to this long separation, longer than the separation of the African golden wolf from the wolf lineage, that the two subspecies might warrant separate species status.

See further:Canis evolution Two subspecies are recognised by MSW3. These subspecies are geographically separated by a gap which extends northwards from Zambia to Tanzania: The black-backed jackal is a fox-like canid with a slender body, long legs, large ears, it is similar to the related side-striped jackal and more distantly related to the golden jackal, though its skull and dentition are more robust and the incisors much sharper. It weighs 6–13 kg, stands 38–48 cm at the shoulder, measures 67.3–81.2 cm in body length. The base colour is reddish brown to tan, pronounced on the flanks and legs. A black saddle intermixed. A long, black stripe extending along the flanks separates the saddle from the rest of the body, can be used to differentiate individuals; the tail is tipped with black. The lips, throat and inner surface of the limbs are white; the winter coat is a much deeper reddish brown. Albino specimens occur; the hair of the face measures 10–15 mm in length, lengthens to 30–40 mm on the rump.

The guard hairs of the back are 60 mm on the shoulder, decreasing to 40 mm at the base of the tail. The hairs of the tail are the longest; the black-backed jackal is a monogamous and territorial animal, whose social organisation resembles that of the golden jackal. However, the assistance of elder offspring in helping raise the pups of their parents has a greater bearing on pup survival rates than in the latter species; the basic social unit is a monogamous mated pair which defends its territory through laying faeces and urine on range boundaries. Scent marking is done in tandem, the pair aggressively expels intruders; such encounters are prevented, as the pair vocalises to advertise its presence in a given area. It is a vocal species in Southern Africa. Sounds made by the species include yelling, woofing, whining and cackling, it communicates with group members and advertises its presence by a high-pitched, whining howl, expresses alarm through an explosive cry followed by shorter, high-pitched yelps.

This sound is frantic when mobbing a leopard. In areas where the black-backed jackal is sympatric with the African golden wolf, the spec

Serbian Cricket Federation

Serbian Cricket Federation known as Kriket federacija Srbije is the official governing body of the sport of cricket in Serbia. Its current headquarters is in Serbia. Serbian Cricket Federation is the Serbian representative at the International Cricket Council and is an affiliate member and has been a member of that body since June 2015, it is a member of the European Cricket Council. Since 2017, they are an associate member. 2 clubs of Serbia, Stari Grad and Mirijevo were founded in Belgrade in 2007. This is when cricket found its place in Serbia in this country. From October 2007, key persons Haris Dajč, Vladimir Ninković, Darko Ivić, Nenad Dugić and Amberish Sarang started organizing cricket trainings; the core of cricketers in Serbia consists of its own domestic players, unlike many other Eastern and Southern European cricket teams. In addition to domestic players, the teams are composed of expats such as Indians, Pakistanis and New Zealanders; the development of Cricket in Serbia pathed the way for the establishment Serbian Cricket Federation in 2009, the first national 40 over and T20 championship in the country.

Given below is the list of various operating Cricket clubs in Serbia, which play different tournaments organised by Serbian Cricket Federation:- Stari Grad CC: One of the founding cricket teams in Belgrade and Serbia. 2009 champions in 40 over league and 2010 champions of T20 cricket. Headquartered at Dositejeva 1a, 11000 Beograd Mirijevo CC: Along with Stari Grad CC the pioneers of cricket in Belgrade. 2009 and 2012 Serbian T20 League champions. They have headquarter at Milivoja Perovića 8, 11060 Beograd McKenzie Cricket Club: It is by far the most successful club outside of Belgrade, it was established by the group of players from the town of Čačak, of which one part works and studies in the capital. McKenzie won 40 over Championships in 2011 and 2012, as well as the T20 championship in 2011, they have Headquarter at Milorada i Radovana Petrovića 2, 32000 Čačak Vračar CC: Established at the beginning of 2011, following the initiative from Stari Grad CC and students and staff of the Faculties of Philosophy and Architecture.

The club has given special attention to working with school children. They have headquarter at Kneginje Zorke 51, 11000 Beograd Valjevac CC: This cricket club is the first one established in Valjevo, their long-term goal is to develop the junior cricket section in Valjevo and the Kolubara region, to establish regular international tournaments in Valjevo. Their address is Jovanja BB, Valjevo Kablarski Soko CC: Established in 2009, the club participated in domestic seasons 2009 and 2010; the club is involved in the development and promotion of cricket in western Serbia. Their address is Cricket club Kablarski Soko, Bulevar Oslobođenja 50, 32000 Čačak Perun Delije CC: Established in 2010; the club's headquarters are in a village called Sovljak, near Ub. The club possesses a cricket ground; the plan for the current year include: Further promotion of the game of cricket in Serbia Expanding player basis and improving training conditions Providing basic playing facilities Organization of the first domestic competitions: cup and championship Organization of the first international match of Serbia National Team and putting Serbia on the world cricket map.

Cricket in Serbia Cricinfo-Serbia Serbia Cricket

Edgar Buchanan

William Edgar Buchanan II was an American actor with a long career in both film and television. He is most familiar today as Uncle Joe Carson from the Petticoat Junction, Green Acres, The Beverly Hillbillies television sitcoms of the 1960s; the son of Dr. and Mrs. William Edgar Buchanan, he was born in Humansville and moved with his family to Oregon when he was seven. In 1928, he earned a DDS degree from North Pacific College School of Dentistry, which became Oregon Health & Science University School of Dentistry, his wife Mildred and he, classmates in dental school, were married in 1928, the year. They had a son named Buck. In 1939, they moved from Eugene, Oregon, to Altadena, where they relocated their dental practice, he joined the Pasadena Playhouse as an actor. He appeared in his first film in 1939, at the age of 36, after which he turned his dentistry practice over to his wife, he was a member of a Freemason. Buchanan appeared in more than 100 films, including Texas where he played a dentist and starred with William Holden and Glenn Ford and in Penny Serenade with Cary Grant, the Town Too Tough to Die, The Talk of the Town with Ronald Colman and Jean Arthur, The Man from Colorado, Cheaper by the Dozen, She Couldn't Say No, Ride the High Country with Randolph Scott and Joel McCrea, McLintock! with John Wayne, Move Over, Darling with Doris Day and James Garner, Benji.

Among the many television series in which he was cast as a guest star were Cimarron City, The Californians, The Rifleman Edgar appeared in six episodes of The Rifleman, playing Grandpa Fogerty in “The Long Goodbye” and Doc Burrage in the other five: “The Pet”, “The Second Witness”, “The Trade”, “The Deadly Wait”, “The Angry Man”. as Jed Christianson in the episode "Duel at Sundown" on Maverick with James Garner and Clint Eastwood, Leave It to Beaver, The Twilight Zone, Gunsmoke, Route 66, Bringing Up Buddy, Bus Stop, The Lloyd Bridges Show. Buchanan's roles as a regular cast member in television programs included Red Connors in the syndicated Western Hopalong Cassidy, J. J. Jackson in the CBS crime drama Cade's County. In 1956, Buchanan portrayed the lead in the 39-episode syndicated Western television series, Judge Roy Bean, set in Langtry and filmed in color in California. Only loosely based on the career of the legendary storekeeper and justice of the peace, Roy Bean, the series had supporting roles for Jack Buetel, Jackie Loughery, Russell Hayden as a Texas Ranger.

The series popularized Bean's claim to having been "The Only Law West of the Pecos", a reference to the Pecos River in Val Verde County in southwestern Texas. From 1960 to 1962, he appeared four times on the NBC Western series Laramie, Buchanan made two guest appearances on Perry Mason: in 1958 as a small-town coroner in "The Case of the Perjured Parrot" and in 1962 as a small-town judge in "The Case of the Lurid Letter". Buchanan appeared as Uncle Joe Carson in all 222 episodes of Petticoat Junction, the only actor from the show to do so, as well as in 17 episodes of Green Acres,:416 and three episodes of The Beverly Hillbillies. On Petticoat Junction, he took over as proprietor of the Shady Rest Hotel following the 1968 death of show star Bea Benaderet, who had played Kate Bradley. In 1969, in the episode "Kathy Jo's First Birthday Party", he appeared with Buck. Another star from Petticoat Junction and he appeared together in the 1974 movie Benji. In 1967, Dot Records released "Phantom 309", a narration by Buchanan.

The 45 rpm single was backed with "Cotton Picker". Buchanan died from a stroke complicated by pneumonia in Palm Desert and was interred in the Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles. Edgar Buchanan on IMDb Edgar Buchanan at the TCM Movie Database Edgar Buchanan at AllMovie Edgar Buchanan at Find a Grave


Polyonax was a genus of ceratopsid dinosaur from the late Maastrichtian-age Upper Cretaceous Denver Formation of Colorado, United States. Founded upon poor remains, it is today regarded as a dubious name. During an 1873 trip through the western US, paleontologist and naturalist Edward Drinker Cope collected some fragmentary dinosaurian material which he soon named as a new genus. Catalogued today as AMNH FR 3950, the type material included three dorsal vertebrae, limb bone material, what are now known to be horn cores, from a subadult individual. Although it was mixed up with hadrosaurs, considered to be a possible synonym of Trachodon, it was recognized as a horned dinosaur in time for the first monograph on horned dinosaurs, wherein it was regarded as based on indeterminate material. Today, the name is used as little more than a historical curiosity, as it dates from a time before horned dinosaurs were known to exist; the most recent review listed it as an indeterminate ceratopsid. It Triceratops.

As a ceratopsid, Polyonax would have been a large, quadrupedal herbivore, with brow and nasal horns and a neck frill. Timeline of ceratopsian research

Irving S. Shapiro

Irving Saul Shapiro was an American lawyer and businessman, best known for being the first lawyer, the first person outside the Dupont family, to become CEO of DuPont. Shapiro served as DuPont chairman from December 1973 to 1981. In 1987, he took over leadership of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Born in Minneapolis, Shapiro was the son of Lithuanian Jewish immigrants, his father was tailor. He was a graduate of the University of Minnesota Law School. Shapiro joined Dupont in 1951. America's Third Revolution: Public Interest and the Private Role with Carl B. Kaufmann Center for Oral History. "Irving S. Shapiro". Science History Institute. Bohning, James J.. Irving S. Shapiro, Transcript of an Interview Conducted by James J. Bohning and Bernadette R. McNulty in Wilmington, Delaware on 15 December 1994. Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Foundation. Stevenson, Charles Marchant. "Bata Bheag: Portrait of Irving S. Shapiro". Zacha's Bay Window Gallery. Retrieved 9 February 2018

Lee County, Mississippi

Lee is a county in Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,910; the county seat is Tupelo. Lee County is included in the Tupelo Micropolitan Statistical Area. Lee County was established on October 26, 1866, named for Robert E. Lee, General in Chief of the Armies of the Confederate States, it was carved from Pontotoc. In 1925 L. Q. Ivy, an African-American was accused of rape in New Albany; the Sheriff transported him to Lee County, where they turned him over to a mob who burned him to death. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 453 square miles, of which 450 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water. Interstate 22 U. S. Highway 45 U. S. Highway 78 Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi Highway 6 Prentiss County Itawamba County Monroe County Chickasaw County Pontotoc County Union County Brice's Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Natchez Trace Parkway Tupelo National Battlefield As of the census of 2000, there were 75,755 people, 29,200 households, 20,819 families residing in the county.

The population density was 168 people per square mile. There were 31,887 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 73.66% White, 24.51% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.16 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 29,200 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years.

For every 100 females, there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,165, the median income for a family was $43,149. Males had a median income of $31,039 versus $22,235 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,956. About 10.50% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over. Lee County has the ninth highest per capita income in the State of Mississippi. Baldwyn Saltillo Tupelo Verona Barrett Ridge Guntown Nettleton Plantersville Shannon Sherman Mooreville Brewer Eggville Ellistown Jug Fork Belden Lee County is served by the Baldwyn, Lee County and Tupelo school districts. Lee County has been a Republican stronghold since the mid-1980s; the last Democratic candidate who carried this county was Jimmy Carter in the election of 1980. List of counties in Mississippi List of memorials to Robert E. Lee National Register of Historic Places listings in Lee County, Mississippi GovernmentOfficial websiteGeneral information Geographic data related to Lee County, Mississippi at OpenStreetMap Lee-Itawamba Library System at SirsiDynix