The Black Forest is a large, forested mountain range in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany. It is bounded by the Rhine valley to the south, its highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 metres above sea level. The region is oblong in shape, with a length of 160 kilometres and breadth of up to 50 km; the area was known for ore deposits, which led to mining featuring in the local economy. In recent years, tourism has became accounting for around 140,000 jobs; the area features a number of ruined military fortifications dating back to the 17th century. The Black Forest stretches from the High Rhine in the south to the Kraichgau in the north. In the west it is bounded by the Upper Rhine Plain; the Black Forest is the highest part of the South German Scarplands and much of it is densely wooded, a fragment of the Hercynian Forest of Antiquity. It lies upon rocks of the crystalline basement and Bunter Sandstone, its natural boundary with the surrounding landscapes is formed by the emergence of muschelkalk, absent from the Black Forest bedrock.
The fertility of the soil is dependent on the underlying rock. From north to south, the Black Forest extends for over 160 km, attaining a width of up to 50 km in the south and 30 km in the north. Tectonically, the range forms a lifted fault block, which rises prominently in the west from the Upper Rhine Plain; the natural regions of the Black Forest are separated by various features: Geomorphologically, the main division is between the gentle eastern slopes with their rounded hills and broad plateaux and the incised, steeply falling terrain in the west that drops into the Upper Rhine Graben. It is here, in the west, where the highest mountains and the greatest local differences in height are found; the valleys are narrow and ravine-like. The summits are rounded and there are the remnants of plateaux and arête-like landforms. Geologically the clearest division is between east and west. Large areas of the eastern Black Forest, the lowest layer of the South German Scarplands composed of Bunter Sandstone, are covered by endless coniferous forest with their island clearings.
The exposed basement in the west, predominantly made up of metamorphic rocks and granites, despite its rugged topography, easier to settle and appears much more open and inviting today with its varied meadow valleys. The most common way of dividing the regions of the Black Forest is, from north to south; until the 1930s, the Black Forest was divided into the Northern and Southern Black Forest, the boundary being the line of the Kinzig valley. The Black Forest was divided into the forested Northern Black Forest, the lower, central section, predominantly used for agriculture in the valleys, was the Central Black Forest and the much higher Southern Black Forest with its distinctive highland economy and ice age glacial relief; the term High Black Forest referred to the highest areas of the South and southern Central Black Forest. The boundaries drawn were, quite varied. In 1931, Robert Gradmann called the Central Black Forest the catchment area of the Kinzig and in the west the section up to the lower Elz and Kinzig tributary of the Gutach.
A pragmatic division, oriented not just on natural and cultural regions, uses the most important transverse valleys. Based on that, the Central Black Forest is bounded by the Kinzig in the north and the line from Dreisam to Gutach in the south, corresponding to the Bonndorf Graben zone and the course of the present day B 31. In 1959, Rudolf Metz combined the earlier divisions and proposed a modified tripartite division himself, which combined natural and cultural regional approaches and was used, his Central Black Forest is bounded in the north by the watershed between the Acher and Rench and subsequently between the Murg and Kinzig or Forbach and Kinzig, in the south by the Bonndorf Graben zone, which restricts the Black Forest in the east as does the Freudenstadt Graben further north by its transition into the Northern Black Forest. The Handbook of the Natural Region Divisions of Germany published by the Federal Office of Regional Geography since the early 1950s names the Black Forest as one of six tertiary-level major landscape regions within the secondary-level region of the South German Scarplands and, at the same time, one of nine new major landscape unit groups.
It is divided into six so-called major units. This division was refined and modified in several, successor publications up to 1967, each covering individual sections of the map; the mountain range was divided into three regions. The northern boundary of the Central Black Forest in this classification runs south of the Rench Valley and the Kniebis to near Freudenstadt, its southern boundary varied with each edition. In 1998 the Baden-Württemberg State Department for Environmental Protection (today the Baden-Württemberg State Department for the Environment, Survey and
Demonstration is the second studio album by British rapper Tinie Tempah. The album was released on 4 November 2013 as the follow-up to his commercially successful debut album, Disc-Overy. In December 2010, Tempah announced he was writing for his second album, saying there would be a more electronic and live feel to it; the first two singles from the album, "Trampoline" and "Children of the Sun" were released in the run-up to the album and both managed to enter the top ten of the UK Singles Chart. The album features collaborations with producers and guest artists such as Labrinth and Diplo and sees Tempah experimenting with new musical genres. Demonstration received positive reviews, with music critics praising the choice of producers and Tempah's evolution as a musician; the album entered the UK Albums Chart at number three. It was beaten to a top two chart position by James Arthur; the album was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry on 21 February 2014. During an interview, Tempah commented on his second album: "I always like to work with different people on each project I do, just so you get a different sound and angle.
I will be working with some of the same people I did for the first album, you know what they say ‘if it ain't broke don’t try and fix it’." Tempah hoped to collaborate with other artists: "I want to collaborate with Toronto's own Drake. I think. I'd like to collaborate with Adele, Sleigh Bells, Lykke Li, The Script, James Blake ― those are the few that I'd like to work with." Tempah asked a number of artists to appear on the album, including Gary Barlow, Chris Martin, Dizzee Rascal, The Script. At the 2012 BRIT Awards, Tempah announced. On 24 June 2012, Tempah performed on the main stage at Radio 1's Hackney Weekend, performing two of his newest songs: "Mosh Pit" and "Drinking from the Bottle", the latter of which he features on with Calvin Harris as the lead artist, features on Harris' 2012 album 18 Months. In interviews, other artists announced that they were working on his album such as Labrinth, Dizzee Rascal, Big Sean and Emeli Sandé. Previous collaborators Naughty Boy and Labrinth have produced multiple tracks for the album, following their appearances on Disc-Overy.
Chase & Status were on additional production duties for "Mosh Pit". They had worked with Tinie on their album No More Idols for the single "Hitz". Tempah's vocals from the song are sampled on the hidden track "5 Minutes"; the album was slated for a 2011 release but was pushed back until November 2013 due to "a few key finishing touches" to the album that needed to be made before releasing it. The album artwork was premiered on 4 September 2013. On 7 September, Eshraque "iSHi" Mughal confirmed the completion of the album. ISHi produced the album's second single "Children of the Sun" as well as the album track "Someday"; the album was released in different regions worldwide throughout November, starting on 1 November 2013. In an interview with MistaJam, Tempah cites Dizzee Rascal and So Solid Crew as influences for the album, who've influenced him since his childhood, he told Capital that Daft Punk influenced the album. Speaking about the album title Demonstration, Tinie said that it was about him compromising to make an album, both true to where he came from and follows the trappings of mainstream hip hop: "Anyone who wants to take inspiration from it can have a sort of example based on my experiences of how to do this.
So do something that still nods to where you've come from, still feels London, still feels British, but kind of meets the criteria of what a mainstream record needs." He commented oh how things change when signing with a record label and how the process of making albums: "The first time around, you don't know. All you do is you get this record deal and you're like whoa! Like, I'm signed! This is amazing! And you're just recording and before you know it the album's done; this time around, I had to think about so much more things, you know: edits, production things that I didn't like, going back and forth on mixing.... I was hands-on this time." "Someday" is about how Tinie started in the cold, harsh streets of London and had to face many obstacles to get to where he is today. "Don't Sell Out" incorporates elements of Tamil music that meld into the hip hop and trap genres throughout the song. Tinie wrote it after hearing "Kalasala Kalasala" by Vaali and S. S. Thaman and thinking the words sounded like'don't sell out'.
Balistiq sent the track to Tinie, who used this as a basis for the song. He decided to create a song poking fun at the term "selling out", due to how and foolishly it is used. "Looking Down the Barrel" follows on from where Disc-Overy track "Obsession" left off: it's the second track where Tempah's spoken his random thoughts on fame, life and success. He decided to fill the track with'random retorts and different tangents he was going off on'; the song was produced by Tom Rowlands of The Chemical Brothers, the song's sample was selected by Rowlands. "Witch Doctor" is based on a true story where Tinie met a girl at a show who he took with him on the tour bus and showed what it's like to live his life. "It's OK" and "Lover Not a Fighter" are two songs that feature vocals and production from Labrinth. "It's OK" is a contrast from the "intro and fun, random bouncy things" according to Okogwu. He added "it's unorthodox in the sense that people wouldn't have heard or expect us to make a song like this because it's ve
Kwame Harris is a Jamaican-born former American football offensive tackle who played six seasons in the National Football League. He was selected by the San Francisco 49ers with the 26th overall pick in the first round of the 2003 NFL Draft, he played college football for the Stanford Cardinal, when he won the Morris Trophy as the top offensive lineman in the Pac-10 Conference in 2002. Harris played high school football in Delaware, was among the top prep offensive lineman in the country, he played three years at Stanford, twice earning all-conference honors and earning named honorable mention All-American in his final season. Harris was among the top-rated offensive linemen available in the 2003 draft, he played five seasons with the 49ers and one with Oakland Raiders, he was a starter for most of his career, but struggled with blocking and committing penalties. Harris came to the United States when he was three years old, his family first settled in The Bronx, New York before moving to Delaware, where Harris' father operated multiple successful restaurants.
Harris started playing the violin in seventh grade. He grew up in Newark and attended Newark High School. Harris played violin in his high school orchestra along with playing high school football, he was a unanimous All-American selection and considered one of the top prep offensive linemen in the nation. As a child, Harris knew. In high school, when confronted by his mom about his sexuality, he came out as gay to his family. Not all of them were supportive, contributing to Harris's decision to attend Stanford University on the opposite coast. Harris was a music major at Stanford, he played three years of football for the Cardinal, he was a two-year starter at right tackle. Harris played seven games at left tackle in his freshman year, when he was the team's top reserve offensive lineman, he became one of the top lineman in the Pac-10 Conference, earning Second-Team All-Pac-10 honors in his sophomore year after starting 12 games at right tackle. In his final season in 2002, Harris started 11 games, he was named First-Team All-Pac-10 and won the Morris Trophy as the top offensive lineman in the conference.
He was an honorable mention All-American and an honorable mention Academic All-Pac-10. Harris gave up his final year of eligibility at Stanford to enter the NFL. Harris was ranked the No. 2 offensive tackle available in the 2003 NFL Draft, behind only Jordan Gross. He was selected in the first round of the 2003 NFL Draft with the 26th overall pick by the San Francisco 49ers, he played five seasons with the team, he started 37 consecutive games from 2004–2007, beginning with the final five games of 2004 at left tackle, followed by 32 games at right tackle the two years after. Harris was a good run blocker, but he was inconsistent on pass protection, struggling to block defensive linemen while committing penalties, he allowed nine sacks and committed 15 penalties including seven false starts in 2005, eight sacks with four holding penalties and one false start the following year. The 49ers drafted Joe Staley in the first round in 2007, he won the starting job at right tackle as Harris was relegated to a backup role in his final year.
In 2008, Harris signed a three-year contract for $16 million with the Oakland Raiders, who hoped that line coach Tom Cable could revive his career. He started 11 games that year. Late in the season, however, he again struggled with his blocking and penalties, the Raiders released him after the season, he retired after being cut in 2010 by the Florida Tuskers in the United Football League, he was replaced by former Pittsburgh Steelers offensive guard Darnell Stapleton. He played six seasons in his NFL career, starting 55 times in 86 games. Profootballtalk.com called Harris "a major disappointment in the pros." Harris attributed his decline to the pressure of hiding his sexuality. Harris returned to college after retiring from football in order to complete his undergraduate degree. On November 4, 2013, Harris was convicted on misdemeanor counts of domestic violence and battery against his ex-boyfriend, Dimitri Geier, stemming from an incident on August 21, 2012, he was acquitted of felony counts of domestic violence causing great bodily injury and assault with force to produce great bodily injury.
Geier sued Harris for assault, false imprisonment and both intentional and negligent infliction of emotional distress, but dropped the lawsuit. According to the suit, Harris became upset and the two men argued after Geier poured soy sauce on a plate of rice at a restaurant in Menlo Park, California; the situation escalated. Harris' attorney, Alin Cintean, said. "Unfortunately, Mr. Geier is the one who ended up with an injury," he said. Harris' defense team argued that the statute of limitations on the misdemeanor charges for the 2012 incident had expired. However, the judge sentenced Harris to five days in jail and three years of probation, ordered him to take domestic violence counseling and pay a fine. After the incident became public, Cintean stated that Harris identifies as gay, remarking that "he is a private person, he doesn't like to talk about his personal life." On March 29, 2013, Harris came out as gay during an interview with CNN. Until Michael Sam in 2014, no NFL player had come out while they were playing, only a few had after retiring.
Harris' younger brother, Orien played in the NFL as a defensive tackle. Their older brother, was a defensive tackle in the Arena Football League. Homosexuality in American football List of lesbian, gay and transgender sportspeople Caree