Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery in Arlington County, across the Potomac River from Washington, D. C. in whose 624 acres the dead of the nation's conflicts have been buried, beginning with the Civil War, as well as reinterred dead from earlier wars. The United States Department of the Army, a component of the United States Department of Defense, controls the cemetery; the national cemetery was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, the estate of Confederate general Robert E Lee's wife Mary Anna Custis Lee. The Cemetery, along with Arlington House, Memorial Drive, the Hemicycle, the Arlington Memorial Bridge, form the Arlington National Cemetery Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in April 2014. George Washington Parke Custis, grandson of Martha Washington and adopted son of George Washington, acquired the land that now is Arlington National Cemetery in 1802, began construction of Arlington House, named after the village of Arlington, England, where his family was from.
The estate passed to Custis' daughter, Mary Anna, who had married United States Army officer Robert E. Lee. Custis' will gave a "life inheritance" to Mary Lee, allowing her to live at and run Arlington Estate for the rest of her life but not enabling her to sell any portion of it. Upon her death, the Arlington estate passed to George Washington Custis Lee; when Virginia seceded from the Union after the start of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter, Robert E. Lee resigned his commission on April 20, 1861, took command of the armed forces of the Commonwealth of Virginia becoming commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. On May 7, troops of the Virginia militia occupied Arlington House. With Confederate forces occupying Arlington's high ground, the capital of the Union was left in an untenable military position. Although unwilling to leave Arlington House, Mary Lee believed her estate would soon be recaptured by federal soldiers. So she buried many of her family treasures on the grounds and left for her sister's estate at Ravensworth in Fairfax County, Virginia, on May 14.
On May 3, General Winfield Scott ordered Brigadier General Irvin McDowell to clear Arlington and the city of Alexandria, Virginia, of all troops not loyal to the United States. McDowell occupied Arlington without opposition on May 24. At the outbreak of the Civil War, most military personnel who died in battle near Washington, D. C. were buried at the United States Soldiers' Cemetery in Washington, D. C. or Alexandria Cemetery in Alexandria, but by late 1863 both were nearly full. On July 16, 1862, Congress passed legislation authorizing the U. S. federal government to purchase land for national cemeteries for military dead, put the U. S. Army Quartermaster General in charge of this program. In May 1864, Union forces suffered large numbers of dead in the Battle of the Wilderness. Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs ordered that an examination of eligible sites be made for the establishment for a large new national military cemetery. Within weeks, his staff reported; the property was high and free from floods, it had a view of the District of Columbia, it was aesthetically pleasing.
It was the home of the leader of the armed forces of the Confederate States of America, denying Robert E. Lee use of his home after the war was a valuable political consideration; the first military burial at Arlington, for William Henry Christman, was made on May 13, 1864, close to what is now the northeast gate in Section 27. However, Meigs did not formally authorize establishment of burials until June 15, 1864. Arlington did not desegregate its burial practices until President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948; the government acquired Arlington at a tax sale in 1864 for $26,800, equal to $429,313 today. Mrs. Lee had not appeared in person but rather had sent an agent, attempting to pay the $92.07 in property taxes assessed on the estate in a timely manner. The government turned away her agent. In 1874, Custis Lee, heir under his grandfather's will passing the estate in trust to his mother, sued the United States claiming ownership of Arlington. On December 9, 1882, the U.
S. Supreme Court ruled 5–4 in Lee's favor in United States v. Lee, deciding that Arlington had been confiscated without due process. After that decision, Congress returned the estate to him, on March 3, 1883, Custis Lee sold it back to the government for $150,000 at a signing ceremony with Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln; the land became a military reservation. President Herbert Hoover conducted the first national Memorial Day ceremony in Arlington National Cemetery, on May 30, 1929. Beginning in 1863, the federal government used the southern portion of the land now occupied by the cemetery as a settlement for freed slaves, giving the name of "Freedman's Village" to the land; the government constructed rental houses that 1,100 to 3,000 freed slaves occupied while farming 1,100 acres of the estate and receiving schooling and occupational training during the Civil War and after War ended. However, after the land became part of a military reservation, the government asked the Villagers to leave.
When some remained, John A. Commerford, the Superintendent of Arlington National Cemetery, asked the Army's Quartermaster General in 1887 to close the Village on the grounds that people living in the Village had been taking trees at night from the cemetery for use as firew
A parade is a procession of people organized along a street in costume, accompanied by marching bands, floats, or sometimes large balloons. Parades are held for a wide range of reasons, but are celebrations of some kind. In Britain, the term parade is reserved for either military parades or other occasions where participants march in formation. In the Canadian Forces, the term has several less formal connotations. Protest demonstrations can take the form of a parade, but such cases are referred to as a march instead; the parade float got its name because the first floats were decorated barges that were towed along canals with ropes held by parade marchers on the shore. Floats were propelled from within by concealed oarsmen, but the practice was abandoned because of the high incidence of drowning when the lightweight and unstable frames capsized. Strikingly, among the first uses of grounded floats — towed by horses — was a ceremony in memory of drowned parade oarsmen. Today, parade floats are powered themselves.
Multiple grand marshals may be designated for an iteration of the parade, may or may not be in actual attendance due to circumstances. A community grand marshal or other designations may be selected alongside a grand marshal to lead the front or other parts of the parade. Since the advent of such technology, it became possible for aircraft and boats to parade. A flypast is an aerial parade of anything from one to dozens of aircraft, both in commercial context at airshows and to mark, e.g. national days or significant anniversaries. They are common in the United Kingdom, where they are associated with Royal occasions. For ships, there may be a sail-past of, e.g. tall ships or other sailing vessels as during the celebrations of the 60th anniversary of World War II. The longest parade in the world is the Hanover Schützenfest that takes place in Hanover every year during the Schützenfest; the parade is 12 kilometres long with more than 12,000 participants from all over the world, among them more than 100 bands and around 70 floats and carriages.
Boat Parade Carnival parade Cavalcade Circus Flypast Flower parade Lights and Sirens parade Military parade Motorcade Parade of horribles Pride parade Santa Claus parade Technoparade Ticker-tape parade Victory parade Walking day Anheuser-Busch Washington's Birthday Parade, held annually in Laredo, Texas Attestation Parade New South Wales Police College graduation parade in Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia. Bastille Day Military Parade - Held annually in Paris, France in celebration of the Bastille Day Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic - Second largest annual parade in the United States, Held on the second Saturday in August in Chicago, Illinois. Calgary Stampede Parade Carnaval San Francisco Carnival in the Netherlands Chief of Defence Force Parade - Australian Defence Force Academy - Marks completion of Initial Military Training for Officer Cadets and Midshipman at ADFA Dahlia parade in Zundert always held on the first Sunday in September Days of'47 Parade in Salt Lake City Day of the Armed Forces parade in Baku, Azerbaijan.
Defender of the Fatherland Day in Astana, Kazakhstan Disney Parks Christmas Day Parade Dragon of Shandon Samhain parade in Cork, held annually on the 31st of October at night Easter parade Gasparilla Pirate Festival in Tampa is the third largest parade in the US and commemorates a pirate sack of the city. Independence Day parade in Yerevan, Armenia International Bank of Commerce "Under the Stars" youth parade, held annually in Laredo, Texas Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade Mardi Gras Main Street Electrical Parade Marksmen's Parade, Hannover May Day Parade McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade, Illinois Mummers Parade World Famous Paint The Night Parade, Myeong-dong, Seoul National Memorial Day Parade New York's Village Halloween Parade Notting Hill Carnival Orange Bowl Parade Orange walk Orlando Citrus Parade Philippine Independence Day Parade Procession of the Species Republic Day Parade in India Republic Day Parade in Pakistan Rutland May Days - Kelowna BC Rose Parade in United States Saint Patrick's Day Parade Dublin, New York City and San Diego San Francisco Chinese New Year Festival and Parade Seminole Hard Rock Winterfest Boat Parade, Fort Lauderdale, Florida Singapore National Day Parade Torchlight Parade, Seattle WA Toronto Santa Claus Parade Tournament of Roses Parade Trooping the Colour Victory Day Parade, held annually in the Russian Federation held in Ukraine, celebrated in post-soviet nations.
Vikingland Band Festival Parade Marching Championship West Country Carnival Zinneke Parade At the end of hostilities in Europe in 1944-45, "victory parades" were a common feature throughout the liberated territories. For example, on 3 September 1944, the personnel of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division marched six abreast to the music of massed regimental pipe and drum bands through the streets of Dieppe, France to commemorate the liberation of the city from German occupation, as well as commemorate the loss of over 900 soldiers from that formation during the Dieppe Raid two years earlier. On the Moscow Victory Parade of 1945 held in Moscow, Soviet Union in June 1945, the Red Army commemorated Victory in Europe with a parade and the ceremonial destruction of captured Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS standards. Anzac Day - Australia and New Zealand Army Day Canada Day Caribana Carnival Chinese New Year Christmas Easter Independence Day Labor Day Mardi Gras Memorial Day Navy Day New Year's Day The Olympics Pioneer Day - Days of'47 Parade
State funeral of John F. Kennedy
The state funeral of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States, took place in Washington, D. C. during the three days that followed his assassination on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas. The body of President Kennedy was brought back to Washington soon after his death and was placed in the East Room of the White House for 24 hours. On the Sunday after the assassination, his flag-draped coffin was carried on a horse-drawn caisson to the U. S. Capitol to lie in state. Throughout the day and night, hundreds of thousands lined up to view the guarded casket. Representatives from over 90 countries attended the state funeral on Monday, November 25. After the Requiem Mass at St. Matthew's Cathedral, the late president was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. After John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, his body was flown back to Washington, taken to Bethesda Naval Hospital for the autopsy. At the same time, military authorities began making arrangements for a state funeral.
Army Major General Philip C. Wehle, the commanding general of the Military District of Washington, retired Army Colonel Paul C. Miller, chief of ceremonies and special events at the MDW, planned the funeral, they headed to the White House and worked with the president's brother-in-law, Sargent Shriver director of the Peace Corps, Ralph Dungan, an aide to the president. Because Kennedy had no funeral plan in place, much of the planning rested with the CG MDW. House Speaker John W. McCormack said that the president's body would be brought back to the White House to lie in the East Room the following day and taken to the Capitol to lie in state in the rotunda all day Sunday; the day after the assassination, the new president, Lyndon B. Johnson, issued Presidential Proclamation 3561, declaring Monday to be a national day of mourning, only essential emergency workers to be at their posts, he read the proclamation over a nationwide radio and television broadcast at 4:45 p.m. from the Fish Room at the White House.
Several elements of the state funeral paid tribute to Kennedy's service in the Navy during World War II. They included a member of the Navy bearing the presidential flag, the playing of the Navy Hymn, "Eternal Father, Strong to Save," and the Naval Academy Glee Club performing at the White House; the hymn" Oh God of Loveliness" was played. After the autopsy at Bethesda Naval Hospital, Kennedy's body was prepared for burial by embalmers from Gawler's Funeral Home in Washington, who performed the embalming and cosmetic restoration procedures at Bethesda. Kennedy's body was put in a new mahogany casket in place of the bronze casket used to transport the body from Dallas; the bronze casket had been damaged in transit, was disposed of by the Air Force in the Atlantic Ocean so that it would not "fall into the hands of sensation seekers". President Kennedy's body was returned to the White House at about 4:30 a.m. on Saturday, November 23. The motorcade bearing the remains was met at the White House gate by a U.
S. Marine Corps honor guard; the pallbearers bore the casket to the East Room where, 18 years earlier, the body of Franklin D. Roosevelt, nearly one hundred years earlier, the body of Abraham Lincoln had lain. Kennedy's casket was placed on a catafalque used for the funerals of the Unknown Soldiers from the Korean War and World War II at Arlington. Jacqueline Kennedy declared that the casket would be kept closed for the funeral; the shot to Kennedy's head left a gaping wound, religious leaders said that a closed casket minimized morbid concentration on the body. Mrs. Kennedy, still wearing the blood-stained raspberry-colored suit she wore in Dallas, had not left the side of her husband's body since his death. Only after the casket was placed in the East Room, draped with black crepe, did she retire to her private quarters. Kennedy's body lay in repose in the East Room for 24 hours, attended by an honor guard including troops from the 3rd Infantry and from the Army's Special Forces; the Special Forces troops had been brought hurriedly from Fort Bragg in North Carolina, at the request of U.
S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, aware of his brother's particular interest in them. Mrs. Kennedy requested two Catholic priests to remain with the body until the official funeral. A call was made to The Catholic University of America, Msgr. Robert Paul Mohan and Fr. Gilbert Hartke, two prominent Washington, D. C. priests, were dispatched for the task. A Mass took place in the East Room at 10:30 a.m. on Saturday, November 23. After the Mass, other family members and other government officials came at specified times to pay their respects to President Kennedy; this included former U. S. Presidents Truman and Eisenhower; the other surviving former U. S. president at the time, Herbert Hoover, was too ill to attend the state funeral, was represented by his sons, Herbert Hoover Jr. who attended the funeral, Allan Hoover, who went to the services in the rotunda. In Lafayette Park, across the street from the White House, crowds stood in the rain, keeping a vigil and paying quiet respects, it rained all day in Washington.
On Sunday afternoon about 300,000 people watched a horse-drawn caisson, which had borne the body of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Unknown Soldier, carry Kennedy's flag-covered casket down the White House drive, past parallel rows of soldiers bearing the flags of the 50 states of the Union along Pennsylvania Avenue to the Capitol Rotunda to lie in state. The
General of the Armies
The General of the Armies of the United States, or more referred to as General of the Armies, is the highest possible rank in the United States Army. The rank is informally equated to that of a six-star general or Generalissimo and is one of the two highest possible operational ranks in the United States Armed Forces; the rank has been held only twice in history – once by an active-duty officer, once by posthumous promotion to George Washington in 1976. The rank of General of the Armies is equivalent to the Admiral of the Navy and is senior to General of the Army, General of the Air Force, Fleet Admiral. Appointment to the rank or grade of General of the Armies of the United States has a history spanning over two centuries. In the course of its existence the authority and seniority of the rank, perceptions by both the American public and the military establishment, have varied; the first mention of the rank "General of the Armies" was in an Act of the United States Congress on March 3, 1799.
Congress provided: That a Commander of the United States shall be appointed and commissioned by the style of General of the Armies of the United States and the present office and title of Lieutenant General shall thereafter be abolished. The rank of General of the Armies was intended for bestowal upon George Washington, who held the rank of "General and Commander-in-Chief", a grade senior to all American major generals and brigadier generals from the American Revolutionary War. However, only a few months after the Congressional proposal, Washington died on December 14, 1799; the United States Army at that time had drastically reduced in size and there was no practical need for a superior General rank, thus the proposal for General of the Armies was soon forgotten. In 1865, after the close of the American Civil War, Congress again revisited the idea of a superior General rank; the result was the creation of a special rank called "General of the Army of the United States", held by Ulysses S. Grant.
This early version of General of the Army was in fact a four-star general officer rank although, unlike in modern times, Congress intended for only one Army officer to hold the position, thus granting the rank the same authority as the initial concept of General of the Armies. William T. Sherman and Philip Sheridan would hold the position. During Sherman's tenure, the insignia was changed to that of a major general superimposed upon a golden national eagle; the rank of General of the Army of the United States ceased to exist upon the death of Sheridan in 1888. The next proposal to create a superior general rank would occur thirty one years during the First World War. In the interim, the highest possible general officer rank of the United States Army was that of two-star major general. Within the United States Navy, three- and four-star ranks continued into the 20th century, leading to the creation of the Admiral of the Navy rank in 1899. George Dewey was appointed this rank which, at the time of its creation, was considered a four-star admiral with an added honorary title.
A comparison between Admiral of the Navy and General of the Armies was first made in 1944, although the rank of Admiral of the Navy was never declared equal in seniority. During World War I, the United States Congress authorized the appointment of three-star lieutenant generals and four-star generals to be granted temporarily for service in the National Army. Tasker H. Bliss and John J. Pershing were promoted to general in October 1917, Peyton C. March was promoted to that rank in May 1918. Hunter Liggett and Robert Lee Bullard were both promoted to lieutenant general on October 16, 1918. In 1919, by Congressional directive, the rank of General of the Armies was formally established and John J. Pershing became the first person to hold the rank. After the close of the First World War, the highest active grade in the U. S. Army again became major general, with all lieutenant generals and generals reverted to this permanent rank of major general. Pershing retired from the United States Army on September 13, 1924, retained his rank on the U.
S. Army retirement rolls until his death in 1948. Four-star generals were reauthorized starting with Charles Pelot Summerall. Pershing at this time was no longer on active duty, but his rank was regarded as senior to a full general outside the regular promotion tier. On December 14, 1944, the United States Army established a five-star general position and named this new rank "General of the Army", a title that had not been used since the 1880s after the Civil War. Unlike the Civil War version, this new rank was a five-star position, whereas the old version was considered a four-star rank. S. Army. Pershing was still living during World War II; the question was raised by both the media and the public as to whether Pershing's rank "fit in" with the new five-star position. The situation was touchy from a diplomatic viewpoint, since the five-star General of the Army rank had been created to give American officers equal rank with British Army field marshals; the United States government was hesitant to declare that Pershing held a senior rank to General of the Army, since this would elevate him to six-star status, the same as a grand marshal or generalissimo in Europe and offend not only the British but the French.
To solve the situation, it was decided that Pershing would outrank all five-star generals by order of seniority, meaning that if he did not have a higher rank, he was considered senior by virtue of an earlier
Comanche was a mixed-breed horse who survived General George Armstrong Custer's detachment of the United States 7th Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. The horse was bought by the U. S. Army in 1868 in St. Louis and sent to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, his ancestry and date of birth were both uncertain. Captain Myles Keogh of the 7th Cavalry liked the 15 hands gelding and bought him for his personal mount, to be ridden only in battle, he has alternatively been described as bay dun. In 1868, while the army was fighting the Comanche in Kansas, the horse was wounded in the hindquarters by an arrow but continued to carry Keogh in the fight, he named the horse “Comanche” to honor his bravery. Comanche always exhibited the same toughness. On June 25, 1876, Captain Keogh rode Comanche at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, led by Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer; the battle was notable. US soldiers found Comanche, badly wounded, two days after the battle. After being transported to Fort Lincoln, he was nursed back to health.
After a lengthy convalescence, Comanche was retired. In April 1878, Colonel Samuel D. Sturgis issued the following order: Headquarters Seventh United States Cavalry, Fort A. Lincoln, D. T. April 10th, 1878. General Orders No. 7. The horse known as'Comanche,' being the only living representative of the bloody tragedy of the Little Big Horn, June 25th, 1876, his kind treatment and comfort shall be a matter of special pride and solicitude on the part of every member of the Seventh Cavalry to the end that his life be preserved to the utmost limit. Wounded and scarred as he is, his existence speaks in terms more eloquent than words, of the desperate struggle against overwhelming numbers of the hopeless conflict and the heroic manner in which all went down on that fatal day; the commanding officer of Company I will see that a special and comfortable stable is fitted up for him, he will not be ridden by any person whatsoever, under any circumstances, nor will he be put to any kind of work. Hereafter, upon all occasions of ceremony of mounted regimental formation,'Comanche,' saddled and draped in mourning, led by a mounted trooper of Company I, will be paraded with the regiment.
By command of Col. Sturgis, E. A. Garlington, First Lieutenant and Adjutant, Seventh Cavalry." The ceremonial order inspired a reporter for the Bismarck Tribune to go to Fort Abraham Lincoln to interview Comanche. He "asked the usual questions which his subject acknowledged with a toss of his head, a stamp of his foot and a flourish of his beautiful tail." His official keeper, the farrier John Rivers of Company I, Keogh's old troop, saved "Comanche's reputation" by answering more fully. Here is the gist of what the reporter learned: Comanche was a veteran, 21 years old, had been with the 7th Cavalry since its Organization in'66.... He was found by Sergeant DeLacey in a ravine where he had crawled, there to feed the Crows, he was tenderly cared for. His wounds were serious, but not fatal if properly looked after... He carries seven scars from as many bullet wounds. There are four back of the foreshoulder, one through a hoof, one on either hind leg. On the Custer battlefield three of the balls were extracted from his body and the last one was not taken out until April'77…Comanche is not a great horse, physically talking.
He is gentle. His color is'claybank' He would make a handsome carriage horse... In June 1879, Comanche was brought to Fort Meade by the Seventh Regiment, where he was kept like a prince until 1887, he was taken to Kansas. As an honor, he was made "Second Commanding Officer" of the 7th Cavalry. At Fort Riley, he became something of a pet leading parades and indulging in a fondness for beer. Comanche died of colic on November 1891, believed to be 29 years old at the time, he is one of only four horses in United States history to be given a military funeral with full military honors, the others were Black Jack, Sergeant Reckless and Chief.. His remains were not buried but instead were sent to the University of Kansas and preserved, where the taxidermy mount can still be seen today in the university's Natural History Museum. Comanche was restored by museum conservator Terry Brown in 2005. Comanche is described as the sole survivor of Custer's detachment, but like so many other legends surrounding the Little Bighorn battle, this one is not accurate.
Other horses survived, in better condition after the battle, were taken as spoils of battle. As historian Evan S. Connell writes in Son of the Morning Star Comanche was reputed to be the only survivor of the Little Bighorn, but quite a few Seventh Cavalry mounts survived more than one hundred, there was a yellow bulldog. Comanche lived on another fifteen years, when he died, he was stuffed and to this day remains in a glass case at the University of Kansas. So, protected from moths and souvenir hunters by his humidity-controlled glass case, Comanche stands patiently, enduring generation after generation of undergraduate jokes; the other horses are gone, the mysterious yellow bulldog is gone, which means that in a sense the legend is true. Comanche alone survived. Appel, David. Comanche: Story of America's Most Heroic Horse. World Publishing Company. ASIN B0007HG0SW. Tonka released as A Horse Named Comanche, a Walt Disney film starring Sal Mineo, based on David Appel's book Comanche, a film written and directed by Burt Kennedy, starring Kris Kristofferson and Wilford Br
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance. State funerals include much pomp and ceremony as well as religious overtones and distinctive elements of military tradition. State funerals are held in order to involve the general public in a national day of mourning after the family of the deceased gives consent. A state funeral will generate mass publicity from both national and global media outlets. Ahmed Ben Bella Agostino Neto Sir Seretse Khama Sir Ketumile Masire Marc-Vivien Foe Laurent-Desire Kabila Gamal Abdel Nasser Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran who dies in exile in Egypt Anwar Sadat Meles Zenawi Edith Lucie Bongo Omar Bongo Mzee Jomo Kenyatta Michael Kijana Wamalwa Lucy Kibaki Bingu wa Mutharika Samora Machel Afonso Dhlakama Andimba Toivo ya Toivo Chris Hani Nelson Mandela Govan Mbeki Raymond Mhlaba Walter Sisulu Albertina Sisulu Senzo Meyiwa Joost van der Westhuizen Winnie Mandela Julius Nyerere Godfrey Binaisa Mutesa II of Buganda Milton Obote Levy Mwanawasa Frederick Chiluba Betty Kaunda Michael Sata Oliver Mtukudzi In 1952 Eva Perón died at age 33.
She held the title of Spiritual Leader of the Nation of Argentina, granted by the Congress of Argentina. Nearly three million people covered the funeral of Evita in the streets of Buenos Aires. A radio broadcast interrupted the broadcasting schedule, with the announcer reading, "The Press Secretary's Office of the Presidency of the Nation fulfills its sad duty to inform the people of the Republic that at 20:25 hours Mrs. Eva Perón, Spiritual Leader of the Nation, died." Eva Perón was granted a full Roman Catholic requiem mass. On Saturday 9 August, the body was transferred to the Congress Building for an additional day to be publicly viewed; the next day, after a final Sunday mass, the coffin was laid atop on a gun carriage pulled by CGT officials. Following next was Juan Perón, his cabinet, Eva's family and friends, the delegates and representatives of the Partido Peronista Femenino workers and students of the Eva Perón Foundation, her coffin was showered with carnations, chrysanthemums and roses thrown from the nearby balconies as the procession passed through the streets.
Juan Perón died at age 78 on 1 July 1974, after his health progressively deteriorated. His wife and vicepresident, Isabel Martínez de Perón, gave the announcement: "with great sorrow I must convey to the people of Argentina the death of this true apostle of peace and nonviolence." After several days of national mourning, in which the body laid in state at the Argentine National Congress for hundreds of thousands of people, the remains were moved to a crypt in the Quinta de Olivos Presidential. On 17 November 1974 the remains of Evita. While the body was in Congress, over 135,000 people filed past the coffin, while a million Argentines had to bid their farewell to their leader from the outside. Two thousand foreign journalists reported the details of the funeral. Raul Alfonsín died at age 82 on 31 March 2009 after a long battle against lung cancer and. in his last days, broncoaspirativa pneumonia. Argentina's government declared three days of national mourning for the death and his remains were veiled from the early hours of April 1, 2009 in the Blue Room of the National Congress, attended by authorities and politicians of different parties an estimated 80,000 people had to wait in line for five to six hours.
Among the political authorities who attended the event were former presidents Carlos Menem, Eduardo Duhalde, Fernando De la Rua and Nestor Kirchner, President Cristina Fernandez was unable to attend because they were in the G-20 London but sent its condolences. The next day they were taken to a military gun carriage escorted by the Mounted Grenadiers Regiment at Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires; the remains of former President rested temporarily in the vault of the fallen in the Revolution of the Park until 16 May were transferred to a single monument in the cemetery in a place built of gray and beige marble, where there is a cross on top and a bright stained glass by entering a glimmer. Argentina's former President and Secretary General of UNASUR, Néstor Kirchner, died of heart failure on the morning of 27 October 2010 at the Jose Formenti hospital in El Calafate, Santa Cruz Province at the age of 60. Although there was some effort made to revive him, it did not do so His wife, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, was present with him when he died.
He was expected to run for president in 2011. A state funeral was held on November 3, 2010 in Bridgetown for former Barbados Prime Minister David Thompson. State funerals were held for the President-elect of Brazil, Tancredo Neves, who died before taking office; the former Vice President of Brazil, José Alencar, was buried with a head of state's honor, after his passing due to cancer. Other than heads of state, personalities such as the Formula 1 racing champion Ayrton Senna, dead in 1994 after a crash during a race, the architect Oscar Niemeyer, who died in 2012 at the age of 104, among others. In Canada, state funerals are public events held to commemorate the memory of present and former governors general and former prime ministers, sitting members of the Ministry and other prominent Canadians at the discretion of the Prime Minister. With ceremonial and religious elements incorporated, state funerals are offered and executed by the Government of Canada which provides a dignified manner for the Canadian people to mourn a national public figure.
In 2006, the House of Commons voted unanimously, on a motion introduced by the NDP, to hold a state funeral when the last Canadian veteran of the First World War died
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, Colorado on the northwest. It is the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States; the state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907, its residents are known as Oklahomans, its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City. A major producer of natural gas and agricultural products, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, telecommunications, biotechnology.
Both Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma's primary economic anchors, with nearly two thirds of Oklahomans living within their metropolitan statistical areas. With ancient mountain ranges, prairie and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains, Cross Timbers, the U. S. Interior Highlands, a region prone to severe weather. More than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, ranking third behind Alaska and California. Oklahoma is on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for Southern settlers, a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans; the name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla humma meaning red people. Choctaw Nation Chief Allen Wright suggested the name in 1866 during treaty negotiations with the federal government on the use of Indian Territory, in which he envisioned an all-Indian state controlled by the United States Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language that described Native American people as a whole.
Oklahoma became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, it was approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers. The name of the state is Pawnee: Uukuhuúwa, Cayuga: Gahnawiyoˀgeh. In the Chickasaw language, the state is known as Oklahomma', in Arapaho as bo'oobe'. Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,899 square miles, with 68,595 square miles of land and 1,304 square miles of water, it lies in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states. It is bounded on the east by Arkansas and Missouri, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, on the south and near-west by Texas. Much of its border with Texas lies along a failed continental rift; the geologic figure defines the placement of the Red River. The Oklahoma panhandle's Western edge is out of alignment with its Texas border; the Oklahoma/New Mexico border is 2.1 miles to 2.2 miles east of the Texas line. The border between Texas and New Mexico was set first as a result of a survey by Spain in 1819.
It was set along the 103rd meridian. In the 1890s, when Oklahoma was formally surveyed using more accurate surveying equipment and techniques, it was discovered the Texas line was not set along the 103rd meridian. Surveying techniques were not as accurate in 1819, the actual 103rd meridian was 2.2 miles to the east. It was much easier to leave the mistake than for Texas to cede land to New Mexico to correct the surveying error; the placement of the Oklahoma/New Mexico border represents the true 103rd meridian. Cimarron County in Oklahoma's panhandle is the only county in the United States that touches four other states: New Mexico, Texas and Kansas. Oklahoma is between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed sloping from the high plains of its western boundary to the low wetlands of its southeastern boundary, its highest and lowest points follow this trend, with its highest peak, Black Mesa, at 4,973 feet above sea level, situated near its far northwest corner in the Oklahoma Panhandle.
The state's lowest point is on the Little River near its far southeastern boundary near the town of Idabel, which dips to 289 feet above sea level. Among the most geographically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, with 11 in its borders—more per square mile than in any other state, its western and eastern halves, are marked by extreme differences in geographical diversity: Eastern Oklahoma touches eight ecological regions and its western half contains three. Although having fewer ecological regions Western Oklahoma contains many relic species. Oklahoma has four primary mountain ranges: the Ouachita Mountains, the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita Mountains, the Ozark Mountains. Contained within the U. S. Interior Highlands region, the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains are the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians. A portion of the Flint Hills stretches into north-central Oklahoma, near the state's eastern border, The Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department regards Cavanal Hill as the world's tallest hill.
The semi-arid high