Grant County, New Mexico
Grant County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,514, its county seat is Silver City. The county was founded in 1868 and named for Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States. Grant County comprises the Silver NM, Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,968 square miles, of which 3,962 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. Catron County - north Sierra County - east Luna County - southeast Hidalgo County - south Greenlee County, Arizona - west Gila National Forest As of the 2000 census, there were 31,002 people, 12,146 households, 8,514 families residing in the county; the population density was 8 people per square mile. There were 14,066 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 75.67% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 1.35% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 19.02% from other races, 3.11% from two or more races.
48.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,146 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.90% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,134, the median income for a family was $34,231. Males had a median income of $31,126 versus $19,627 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,597.
About 15.10% of families and 18.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 29,514 people, 12,586 households, 7,941 families residing in the county; the population density was 7.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 14,693 housing units at an average density of 3.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84.9% white, 1.4% American Indian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 9.6% from other races, 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 48.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.9% were English, 11.8% were German, 10.4% were Irish, 2.9% were American. Of the 12,586 households, 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 45.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $36,591 and the median income for a family was $44,360. Males had a median income of $38,731 versus $27,161 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,164. About 11.7% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.8% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over. Bayard Hurley Silver City Santa Clara Dwyer Fort Bayard Mangas Springs Mimbres Valley Mule Creek Redrock Riverside Separ Sherman National Register of Historic Places listings in Grant County, New Mexico
Mount Taylor (New Mexico)
Mount Taylor is an inactive stratovolcano in northwest New Mexico, northeast of the town of Grants. It is the highest point in the Cibola National Forest, it was named in 1849 for president Zachary Taylor. Prior to that, it was called Cebolleta by the Spanish. Mount Taylor is forested, rising like a blue cone above the desert below, its slopes were an important source of lumber for neighboring pueblos. Mount Taylor is the cone in a larger volcanic field, including Mesa Chivato; the Mount Taylor volcanic field is composed of basalt and straddles the extensional transition zone between the Colorado Plateau and the Rio Grande rift. The largest volcanic plug in the volcanic field is Cabezon Peak, which rises nearly 2,000 feet above the surrounding plain. According to Robert Julyan's The Place Names of New Mexico, the Navajos identify Cabezon Peak "as the head of a giant killed by the Twin War Gods" with the lava flow to the south of Grants believed to be the congealed blood of the giant. To the Navajo people, Mount Taylor is Tsoodził, the blue bead mountain, sometimes translated Torquoise Mountain, one of the four sacred mountains marking the cardinal directions and the boundaries of the Dinetah, the traditional Navajo homeland.
Mount Taylor marks the southern boundary, is associated with the direction south and the color blue. In Navajo mythology, First Man created the sacred mountains from soil from the Fourth World, together with sacred matter, as replicas of mountains from that world, he fastened Mount Taylor to the earth with a stone knife. The supernatural beings Black God, Turquoise Boy, Turquoise Girl are said to reside on the mountain. Mount Taylor is sacred to the Acoma, Hopi and Zuni people. Mount Taylor was active from 3.3 to 1.5 million years ago during the Pliocene, is surrounded by a field of smaller inactive volcanoes. Repeated eruptions built lava domes and produced lava flows, ash plumes, mudflows; the mountain is surrounded by a great volume of volcanic debris, suggesting multiple major eruptions similar to that of Mount Saint Helens and the San Francisco Peaks near Flagstaff, Arizona. Estimates vary about. Conservative estimates place its maximum near a similar pre-explosion height for the San Francisco Peaks of 16,000 to 18,000 feet, an extreme estimate places it near 25,000 feet.
Mount Taylor is the site of the Mount Taylor Quadrathlon, an endurance event, held at this location for thirty years. The event includes running, skiing and snowshoeing for 43 miles. Mount Taylor and the surrounding area is home to large elk herds, mule deer, black bear, mountain lion and wild turkey. Bird species are diverse in the area and include great blue heron, white-faced ibis, common merganser, rough-legged hawk, red-tailed hawk, ferruginous hawk, sharp-shinned hawk, golden eagle, barn owl, great horned owl, kestrel, whip-poor-will, white-throated swift, western kingbird, warbling vireo, western meadowlark, house finch, swallows, prairie falcon, gray-headed junco, Steller's jay, pinyon jay. Furthermore, the area offers excellent raptor-nesting habitat on the various cliffs that spill down into the Rio Puerco valley below. Mount Taylor is rich in a uranium-vanadium bearing mineral, was mined extensively for it from 1979 to 1990; the Mount Taylor and the hundreds of other uranium mines on Pueblo lands have provided over thirteen million tons of uranium ore to the United States since 1945.
Concern has arisen regarding the impact of future mining activities on the site. In June 2008 the New Mexico Cultural Properties Review Committee voted in favor of a one-year emergency listing of more than 422,000 acres surrounding the mountain's summit on the state Register of Cultural Properties. "The Navajo Nation, the Acoma and Zuni pueblos, the Hopi tribe of Arizona asked the state to approve the listing for a mountain they consider sacred to protect it from an anticipated uranium mining boom, according to the nomination report." In April 2009, Mount Taylor was added to the National Trust for Historic Preservation's list of America's Most Endangered Places. On 3 September 1929, the Transcontinental Air Transport Ford 5-AT-B Tri-Motor City of San Francisco struck Mount Taylor during a thunderstorm while on a scheduled passenger flight from Albuquerque Airport in Albuquerque, New Mexico, to Los Angeles, killing all eight people on board. List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of the United States List of volcanoes in the United States Capulin Volcano National Monument El Malpais National Monument San Mateo Mountains Cibola National Forest official website "Mount Taylor".
Skiing the Pacific Ring of Fire and Beyond. Amar Andalkar's Climbing Site. Retrieved 2008-12-01. "Memories Come To Us In the Rain and the Wind". Motion Magazine. Retrieved 2008-12-01
Sierra County, New Mexico
Sierra County is a county in the U. S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,988, its county seat is Consequences. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,236 square miles, of which 4,179 square miles is land and 57 square miles is water. Catron County - northwest Socorro County - north Lincoln County - northeast Otero County - east Doña Ana County - south Luna County - south Grant County - west Cibola National Forest El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail Gila National Forest I-25 US 85 NM 152 NM 181 NM 179 NM 187 NM 195 As of the 2000 census, there were 13,270 people, 6,113 households, 3,618 families residing in the county; the population density was 3 people per square mile. There were 8,727 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 86.97% White, 0.48% Black or African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 8.27% from other races, 2.54% from two or more races.
26.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,113 households out of which 20.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.50% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.80% were non-families. 35.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.75. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.10% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 19.50% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, 27.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $24,152, the median income for a family was $29,787. Males had a median income of $24,570 versus $19,839 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,023.
About 13.80% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 14.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 11,988 people, 5,917 households, 3,126 families residing in the county; the population density was 2.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,356 housing units at an average density of 2.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 85.6% white, 1.7% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 8.6% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 28.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.0% were German, 9.4% were American, 8.4% were English, 8.0% were Irish. Of the 5,917 households, 17.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 47.2% were non-families, 40.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 1.98 and the average family size was 2.64.
The median age was 54.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was the lowest of any county in New Mexico; the median income for a family was $38,641. Males had a median income of $32,059 versus $26,213 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,667. About 15.6% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over. Spaceport America is located in Sierra County, 45 miles north of Las Cruces and 30 miles east of Truth or Consequences. Sierra County voters approved the creation of a spaceport tax district in April 2008, freeing up funding for its construction. Elephant Butte Truth or Consequences Williamsburg National Register of Historic Places listings in Sierra County, New Mexico Sierra County Government Sierra County Tourism / Visitor Information Elephant Butte Chamber of Commerce Events for Truth or Consequences, Elephant Butte, all of Sierra County
Kingston, New Mexico
Kingston is a census-designated place in Sierra County, New Mexico, United States. Its population was 32 as of the 2010 census; the community is located in the Black Range along New Mexico State Road 152. Kingston is located at 32.917334°N 107.709559°W / 32.917334. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the community has an area of all of it land. Jack Sheddon discovered silver in what would become the Solitaire Mine in 1882. Called Percha City, Kingston was surveyed the same year and soon had a population of 1800. Lillian Russell once performed here; the Depression of 1893 curtailed mining activities in the area, though there was a brief resurgence during World War II. By 1952 however, most production had ceased. Following prospecting developments in Hillsboro to the east, silver was discovered in the district in 1880, extensive mining efforts commenced in 1883. From 1883 to 1893 6,000,000 ounces of silver were produced from 27 mines. From 1934 to 1957, 67,940 ounces of silver were produced, plus 124 ounces of gold.
Base metal ores were produced from 1930 to 1949. The Iron King and Brush Heap were some of the first mines in the area. Most production was within 460 feet of the surface in the supergene zone. Ore minerals included cerargyrite, native silver and argentiferous galena. From 1952 to 1959, 5,689 tons of manganese ore were produced from the Fusselman Dolomite from the Iron King Mine. Pyrolusite is the main manganese ore mineral. Ore deposits occurred along major fault fissure veins; these faults may represent the outer margin of the Emory Caldera. Most mineralization occurred in the Late Oligocene; the Lady Franklin Mine was the largest producer of high-grade silver from 1880 to 1893, averaging 15 ounces per ton. Edward L. Doheny Hillsboro, New Mexico Kingston on the Sierra County Tourism website
The Organ Mountains are a rugged mountain range in southern New Mexico in the Southwestern United States. Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks National Monument was declared a national monument on May 21, 2014, they lie 10 miles east of the city of Las Cruces, in Doña Ana County. The Organ Mountains are near the southern end of a long line of mountains on the east side of the Rio Grande's rift valley; the range is nearly contiguous with the San Andres Mountains to the north and the Franklin Mountains to the south, but is different geologically. Whereas the San Andres and Franklin Mountains are both formed from west-dipping fault blocks of sedimentary strata, the Organ Mountains are made of igneous rock, their name reflects their similarity in appearance with pipes. The San Andres Mountains-, are separated from the Organ Mountains by San Augustin Pass, through which U. S. Highway 70 passes on its way to White Sands Missile Range, White Sands National Monument and Alamogordo; the Franklin Mountains are separated from the Organ Mountains by a 10-mile wide low area known as Anthony Gap.
Much of this intervening land is part of Fort Bliss. The Organ Mountains are made up of three major sections: On the north end is a narrow ridge of vertically-jointed Tertiary granite called The Needles; this is a picturesque section and includes the highest point in the range, Organ Needle at an elevation of 8,990 feet. On the south side of The Needles is a much wider section of extrusive igneous rock a purplish-gray rhyolite; this section forms the bulk of the mountain range and reaches heights nearly as great as The Needles. This section is cut in half by Soledad Canyon, which extends west from the east side of the range, separated by a low ridge and Soledad Pass from Bar Canyon on the west side; the third portion of the Organ Mountains consists of the Bishop's Cap Hills on the southwest side of the range and Rattlesnake Ridge on the southeast side of the range. This third section is much smaller and lower in elevation than the other sections of the range, consists of fault-block limestone similar to that of the San Andres and Franklin Mountains.
The Organ Mountains is a botanically diverse mountain range in New Mexico, with 870 vascular plant species. Several of these, including the Organ Mountains evening-primrose and smooth figwort, are endemic to the mountain range and occur only in small, scattered populations; the range has a high diversity in ferns, with 30 of the 56 species reported for New Mexico occurring within it. The flora differs between the three sections of the mountain range, with the two igneous sections sharing few species with the southern limestone portions; the limestone section includes some of the northernmost populations of lechuguilla considered an indicator species of the Chihuahuan Desert, whereas the igneous sections of the range include all of the endemic taxa and have botanical affinity with Madrean flora typical of the southwestern sky islands. The first documented climbs of Organ Mountain peaks were in the early 1890s, but most were done in the mid-1950s by climbers stationed at nearby Fort Bliss Army Base.
The most prominent of these was R. L Ingraham, whose Guide to Climbing in the Organ Mountains remains a definitive reference; the Bureau of Land Management maintains hiking trails accessed from four sites in the Organ Mountains: Aguirre Springs Campground and Baylor Canyon Road offer access to trails in The Needles from the east and west sides and offer access to a trail that leads over Baylor Pass. Trails include the 4.5 mile Pine Tree Trail loop, where visitors can hike from 5,600 feet up to 6,880 feet. This trail covers a wide ecological range, from lower-elevation mountain mahogany scrub to ponderosa pine woodland on its upper parts. Dripping Springs Natural Area on the west side of the central rhyolitic portion of the Organ Mountains has a set of interconnected low-elevation trails around La Cueva and entering the lower parts of Fillmore and Ice Canyons; the Soledad Canyon Day Use Area provides a loop trail in the lower part of Bar Canyon, south of Dripping Springs on the west side of the range.
The southern limestone section is difficult to access and visited. Bishop's Cap has no developed trails. Rattlesnake Ridge is within Fort Bliss and closed to the general public. President Obama designated the Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks a national monument by executive authority on Wednesday, May 21, 2014. White House press secretary Jay Carney stated that "By establishing the monument, the president will permanently protect more than 496,000 acres to preserve the prehistoric and scientific values of the area for the benefit of all Americans." Rio Grande Trail Prehistoric Trackways National Monument
Sacramento Mountains (New Mexico)
The Sacramento Mountains are a mountain range in the south-central part of the U. S. state of New Mexico, lying just east of Alamogordo in Otero County. From north to south, the Sacramento Mountains extend for 85 miles, from east to west they encompass 42 miles; the Sacramentos can be divided into two sections: a main, northern section, encompassing most of the land area and all of the terrain above 7,500 feet, a smaller southeastern section, contiguous with the Guadalupe Mountains. Neighboring ranges and landforms include the Tularosa Basin to the west of the main section of the range; the Rio Tularosa and the Rio Ruidoso separate the Sacramentos from Sierra Blanca and the Capitan Mountains. Located at the foothills of the Guadalupe Mountains is Carlsbad Caverns National Park, a series of caverns scattered throughout rugged terrain; the western edge of the main section of the Sacramento Mountains forms a series of dramatic escarpments leading up to a high ridge, which includes the highest named point in the range, Cathey Peak, 9,645 feet.
From this ridge the mountains slope down to the east, merging with the plains to the west of Artesia. There are two unnamed highpoints of the range, both approx 9,695 ft. One is near Sunspot above Corral Canyon and FR 64; the second highpoint is on the crest of Benson Ridge. The range is a wide east-dipping fault block, made up entirely of limestone. Gypsum deposits washed from the range are a main source of the gypsum sand that makes up the dunes in White Sands National Monument; the Sacramento Mountains form the easternmost part of the rift system centered on the rift valley of the Rio Grande. The rock strata in the Sacramentos were contiguous with those of the San Andres Mountains on the other side of the Tularosa Basin, have been separated because of down-faulting of the basin. Unlike the Sacramento Mountains, the neighboring Sierra Blanca is an extrusive igneous complex. Most of the main section of the Sacramento Mountains are part of the Lincoln National Forest, though the northern part of the range is included in the Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation.
Evidence of Apache presence dates back to the fifteenth century. The range includes the town of a popular resort; the range includes the National Solar Observatory on Sacramento Peak, midway down the western ridge, just southwest of Cathey Peak. There are numerous hiking trails in the portion of the range that lies within the Lincoln National Forest, there is designated wilderness; the mountains are the only home of the Sacramento prickly poppy, a federally listed endangered plant species, the Sacramento Mountains thistle, a threatened species. Beach Mountains Chihuahuan Desert Carlsbad Caverns Guadalupe Mountains Jicarilla Mountains Franklin Mountains Organ Mountains
New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah and Arizona. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi, it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate; the economy of New Mexico is dependent on oil drilling, mineral extraction, dryland farming, cattle ranching, lumber milling, retail trade. As of 2016–2017, its total gross domestic product was $95 billion with a GDP per capita of $45,465. New Mexico's status as a tax haven yields low to moderate personal income taxes on residents and military personnel, gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries; because of this, its film industry contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy.
Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U. S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. Various U. S. national security agencies base their research and testing arms in New Mexico such as the Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity. Inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years before European exploration, it was colonized by the Spanish in 1598 as part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1563, it was named Nuevo México after the Aztec Valley of Mexico by Spanish settlers, more than 250 years before the establishment and naming of the present-day country of Mexico. After Mexican independence in 1824, New Mexico became a Mexican territory with considerable autonomy; this autonomy was threatened, however, by the centralizing tendencies of the Mexican government from the 1830s onward, with rising tensions leading to the Revolt of 1837.
At the same time, the region became more economically dependent on the United States. At the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848, the United States annexed New Mexico as the U. S. New Mexico Territory, it was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion. New Mexico is home to part of the Navajo Nation, 19 federally recognized Pueblo communities of Puebloan peoples, three different federally recognized Apache tribes. In prehistoric times, the area was home to Ancestral Puebloans and the modern extant Comanche and Utes inhabited the state; the largest Hispanic and Latino groups represented include the Hispanos of New Mexico and Mexican Americans. The flag of New Mexico features the state's Spanish origins with the same scarlet and gold coloration as Spain's Cross of Burgundy, along with the ancient sun symbol of the Zia, a Puebloan tribe.
These indigenous, Mexican and American frontier roots are reflected in the eponymous New Mexican cuisine and the New Mexico music genre. New Mexico received its name long before the present-day nation of Mexico won independence from Spain and adopted that name in 1821. Though the name “Mexico” itself derives from Nahuatl, in that language it referred to the heartland of the Empire of the Mexicas in the Valley of Mexico far from the area of New Mexico, Spanish explorers used the term “Mexico” to name the region of New Mexico in 1563. In 1581, the Chamuscado and Rodríguez Expedition named the region north of the Rio Grande "San Felipe del Nuevo México"; the Spaniards had hoped to find wealthy indigenous Mexica cultures there similar to those of the Aztec Empire of the Valley of Mexico. The indigenous cultures of New Mexico, proved to be unrelated to the Mexicas, they were not wealthy, but the name persisted. Before statehood, the name "New Mexico" was applied to various configurations of the U.
S. territory, to a Mexican state, to a province of New Spain, all in the same general area, but of varying extensions. With a total area of 121,699 square miles, the state is the fifth-largest state of the US, larger than British Isles. New Mexico's eastern border lies along 103°W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, 2.2 miles west of 103°W longitude with Texas. On the southern border, Texas makes up the eastern two-thirds, while the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora make up the western third, with Chihuahua making up about 90% of that; the western border with Arizona runs along the 109° 03'W longitude. The southwestern corner of the state is known as the Bootheel; the 37°N parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. The states of New Mexico, Colorado and Utah come together at the Four Corners in New Mexico's northwestern corner. New Mexico has no natural water sources