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Black September Organization

The Black September Organization was a Palestinian militant organization founded in 1970. It was responsible for the assassination of the Jordanian Prime Minister Wasfi Tal, the Munich massacre, in which eleven Israeli athletes and officials were kidnapped and killed, as well as a West German policeman losing his life, during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, their most publicized event; these events led to the creation or specialization of permanent counter-terrorism forces in many European countries. The group's name is derived from the Black September conflict which began on 16 September 1970, when King Hussein of Jordan declared military rule in response to fedayeen attempting to seize his kingdom – resulting in the deaths and expulsion of thousands of Palestinians fighters from Jordan; the BSO began as a small cell of Fatah men determined to take revenge upon King Hussein and the Jordanian Armed Forces. Recruits from the PFLP, as-Sa'iqa, other groups joined. Most of its members were dissidents within Fatah, close to Abu Ali Iyad, the commander of Fatah forces in northern Jordan who continued to fight the Jordanian Army after the PLO leadership withdrew.

He was killed through execution, by Jordanian forces on 23 July 1971. It was alleged by them that the Jordanian Prime Minister at the time, Wasfi Tal, was responsible for his torture and death. There is disagreement among historians and primary sources about the nature of the BSO and the extent to which it was controlled by Fatah, the Palestine Liberation Organization faction controlled at the time by Yasser Arafat. In his book Stateless, Salah Khalaf, Arafat's chief of security and a founding member of Fatah, wrote that: "Black September was not a terrorist organization, but was rather an auxiliary unit of the resistance movement, at a time when the latter was unable to realize its military and political potential; the members of the organization always denied any ties between their organization and Fatah or the PLO." The denial described in Abu Iyad's claim was mutual: according to a 1972 article in the Jordanian newspaper Al-Dustur, Mohammed Daoud Oudeh known as Abu Daoud, a BSO operative and former senior PLO member, told Jordanian police: "There is no such organization as Black September.

Fatah announces its own operations under this name so that Fatah will not appear as the direct executor of the operation." A March 1973 document released in 1981 by the U. S. State Department seemed to confirm. According to American journalist John K. Cooley, the BSO represented a "total break with the old operational and organizational methods of the fedayeen, its members operated in air-tight cells of more men and women. Each cell's members were kept purposely ignorant of other cells. Leadership was exercised from outside by intermediaries and'cut-offs' ", though there was no centralized leadership. Cooley writes that many of the cells in Europe and around the world were made up of Palestinians and other Arabs who had lived in their countries of residence as students, teachers and diplomats for many years. Operating without a central leadership, it was a "true collegial direction"; the cell structure and the need-to-know operational philosophy protected the operatives by ensuring that the apprehension or surveillance of one cell would not affect the others.

The structure offered plausible deniability to the Fatah leadership, careful to distance itself from Black September operations. Fatah needed Black September, according to historian Benny Morris, he writes that there was a "problem of internal PLO or Fatah cohesion, with extremists demanding greater militancy. The moderates acquiesced in the creation of Black September in order to survive"; as a result of pressure from militants, writes Morris, a Fatah congress in Damascus in August–September 1971 agreed to establish Black September. The new organization was based on Fatah's existing special intelligence and security apparatus, on the PLO offices and representatives in various European capitals, from early on, there was cooperation between Black September and the PFLP; the PLO closed Black September down in September 1973, on the anniversary it was created by the "political calculation that no more good would come of terrorism abroad" according to Morris. In 1974 Arafat ordered the PLO to withdraw from acts of violence outside the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and Israel.

The group was responsible for the murder of 11 Israeli Olympic athletes, nine of whom were first taken hostage, the killing of a German police officer, during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. Black September's official name for their action was "Ikrit and Biram", after the names of two Palestinian Christian villages whose residents had been expelled by the Israeli military Haganah in 1948. Following the attack, the Israeli government, headed by Prime Minister Golda Meir, ordered Mossad to assassinate those known to have been involved, in an operation codenamed Operation Bayonet. By 1979, during what became known as Operation Wrath of God, at least one Mossad unit had assassinated eight PLO members. Among them was the leading figure of Ali Hassan Salameh, nicknamed the "Red Prince", the wealthy, flamboyant son of an upper-class family, commander of Force 17, Yasser Arafat's personal security squad. Salameh was behind the 1972 hijacking of Sabena Flight 572 from Vienna to Lod, he was killed by a car bomb in Beirut on 22 January 1979.

In Operation Spring of Youth, in April 1973, Israeli commandos killed three senior members of Black September in Beirut. In July 1973, in what became known as the Lillehammer a

The Globe By the Way Book

The Globe By the Way Book is, to quote a contemporary source: "a broad smile, more or less, chiefly more, from cover to cover. It ‘whips hypocrisy’ and skits at the follies and fancies and foibles of the day with a light, not to say lightning touch, which tickles a lot but never stings. ‘Buy a bee and grow your own honey. If one bee is not sufficient get two bees, so on.’ ‘The best way of telling a toadstool from a mushroom is to make the servant eat it. If she turns blue it is a toadstool.’ But to quote more would be giving the book away, whereas it should cost a shilling a copy. Some paper people I know want the earth; the book was written by P. G. Wodehouse and Herbert Westbrook, was published in June 1908 by the Globe Publishing Company, London, it is NOT, as many biographies and bibliographies of P. G. Wodehouse erroneously state, a collection of extracts from the By The Way column, a feature of London newspaper The Globe. For more information on this book see http://www.madameulalie.org/articles/Deconstructing_The_Globe_By_the_Way_Book.html Wodehouse was editor of the By the Way column from 1904 to 1909, wrote a fictionalised account of his time on the paper in collaboration with Westbrook, titled Not George Washington

Tales of Tatonka

Tales of Tatonka is a French computer-animated cartoon series produced by Cyber Group Studios and broadcasters TiJi and RAI in 2010. The series depicts the adventures of a group of young wild animals in a North American forest which they go through adventures on the care of the bison Tatonka. At the end of each episode always has a block educational explaining about the lives of animals; the series first aired in France on TiJi. The series has aired in Africa, India, Italy, Brazil, Portugal and Indonesia; the airline's brand is Air France Wanji: A wolf cub with dark brown fur with off white back legs and caramel brown muzzle. He is next leader of the pack, he will face off against his siblings. Cinksi: a bobcat kit, best friends with Wanji, he is a risk taker and not afraid to speak his mind. Yamni: wolf cub with sandy brown fur and white muzzle and under belly; the second oldest of the litter, she help anyone or challenge anyone for her family when she's injured. Topa: a wolf cub with white fur and light brown mixed in.

She is the youngest of the litter and most caring and is shy and quiet and is scared of dangerous situations. She is afraid of Kallisca. Nunpa: a wolf cub with a mixture of white and tan fur, he is the third oldest in the litter and can be brave and enough to face anyone, is clumsy at times Wahi: A young red squirrel who can be loud and hyper. He thinks about his food and argues with about anything, he will show his cowardice which the other kids make fun of him for. But he can be considerate. Poum: A brown bear cub with reddish patch of fur on his left eye, he thinks about food and will beg for it. He is prideful about being a grizzly bear, but is sensitive. Moose: A moose calf with premature antlers and the son of Big Moose and is a part of a herd, he is brave enough to push Kallisca off a cliff to save his friends. He can sometimes rush into conclusions. Ayuhel: A young moose calf with adult antlers, who seen arguing with Big Moose. Pahin: A. Young female porcupine, scared of dangerous predators, hyper.

But can become brave and smart enough to deal with problems. Tap-Tap: A young beaver who tries to build the best dam, but she can become bossy and a little rude when things don't go as planned, but she be friendly and childish when she is playing with her friends. Wanbli: A young female eagle who can sometimes become forgetful and scatterbrained but she will do anything for her friends. Luta: A wolf cub with grayish black fur with white fur on his face legs and underbelly, he is Wanji's cousin but he is jealous and rude sometimes to Ska. He likes to cause trouble for the other kids. Ska: A wolf cub with grayish black fur is Luta's younger brother, he can be mean but he shows a little cowardice at times. He likes to play tricks on the other kids with his brother. Tatonka: a bison who give guide to the main character and give narration at every episode. Wicasa: the father of Wanji, Nunpa and Topa. Winyam: the mother of Wanji, Nunpa and Topa. Tanksi and Akewanji: the wolf teenagers Winona: The mother of Luta and Ska.

Willinam: The father of Luta and Ska who has passed away. Mato: The uncle of Poum, he seems aggressive and takes things seriously. Ina: The mother of Cinksi. Alfa: The father of Wanbli who doesn't speak. Spirit Bear: A white bear who doesn't speak. Big Moose: The father of Moose and leader of the moose herd. Rabbits: The character who being hunted by the wolves. Renegades Wolves: one of the rival of Wicasa, has 2 members and its chief is Taima. Tork: a cougar Akicita: a wolverine The Coyotes: Kallisca: the leader of the coyotes with a pale brown coat the most dangerous of his gang. Widco: a reddish brown coyote who argues with his brother Maslika about who's the chief of both of them. Maslika: a gray coyote who argues with his brother Widco about who's chief of both of them. Dark Eagle: a predator who tries to attack the protagonists and he doesn't speak; the Snake: the predators who try to attack the protagonists and they don't speak. Official Website

Elbe─čendi, Midyat

Elbeğendi is a village in Mardin Province in southeastern Turkey. It is located in the historical region of Tur Abdin. In the village, there are churches of Mor Jacob and Mor Barsaumo, the Virgin Mary, Mor Bosus; the Syriac name of the village is derived from "kafro" and "tahtayto", thus Kafro Tahtayto translates to "lower village". This name serves to distinguish the village from Kafro `Elayto. In 1900, Kafro Tahtayto was inhabited by 30 Assyrian families. Amidst the Assyrian genocide, in 1915, the village's population fled to the Monastery of Mor Malke, was uninhabited until the first 8 families returned in 1916; the village's population grew to 46 families in 1970, they were forced to flee abroad due to the Kurdish–Turkish conflict in the 1980s, only 5 families remained by 1992. The village was forcibly evicted by the Turkish army in 1995, the remaining three families emigrated to Western Europe. In 2006, 17 Assyrian families returned to the village from Augsburg and Göppingen in Germany, Trüllikon and Zürich in Switzerland.

In late July 2019, Assyrian properties in Kafro Tahtayto were struck by suspected arson attacks. Iskender Alptekin, Assyrian politician Notes Citations Çaglar, Ayse. "Rescaling cities, cultural diversity, transnationalism: Migrants of Mardin and Essen". Anthropology of Migration and Multiculturalism: New Directions, ed. Steven Vertovec. Routledge. Pp. 113–139. Güsten, Susanne. A Farewell to Tur Abdin. Retrieved 27 December 2019

Rangers (comics)

The Rangers are a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The team first appeared in The Incredible Hulk #265 and was created by writer Bill Mantlo and penciller Sal Buscema; the title page of The Incredible Hulk #265 credits Mark Gruenwald with co-creation of The Rangers. Team members hail from Arizona, New Mexico, or Texas. In the story "You Get What You Need!" Published in Incredible Hulk vol.1 #265, writer Bill Mantlo, penciller Sal Buscema, Mark Gruenwald created the superhero team Rangers. The team consists of western characters Firebird, Shooting Star, Texas Twister, the Phantom Rider, the contemporary Red Wolf; the members of the team have been identified in the 142 registered superheroes who appear on the cover of the comic book Avengers: The Initiative #1. The Rangers began by accident. Rick Jones was being held captive by the villainous Corruptor. Rick sent a shortwave radio message to attempt to contact the Avengers; the message never reached the Avengers, but instead five individuals intercepted the message and responded: Shooting Star and Texas Twister, the Phantom Rider, the contemporary Red Wolf.

Although the five Southwestern adventurers were unable to stop the Hulk's rampage, they did enable him to defeat the Corruptor. At the battle's end, Texas Twister suggested that the five of them get together whenever a threat to the Southwest crops up, they took the collective name of the Rangers. However, because of the geographical separation among the members, they acted as a team. Additionally, Shooting Star was revealed to be possessed by a demon at the next meeting of the team and the demon had acted against the team meeting. Shooting Star's identity was at some point taken over by an unnamed demon in the employ of Master Pandemonium, who believed Firebird to be one of the possessors of his fragmented soul. To keep the Rangers from meeting and posing a threat to him before he had completed his study of Firebird, Pandemonium dispatched the demon to take Shooting Star's place. Firebird believed the demon to be hiding among the Avengers' West Coast branch and with her guidance the Rangers confronted the heroes, only to flush the demon in Shooting Star out of hiding.

The demon claimed that Shooting Star was a human guise it had taken long before, that there never was a Victoria Star. The Avengers imprisoned the demon at their Compound and began an investigation of Master Pandemonium, but the Texas Twister, demonstrating a curious lack of concern, did not accompany them. Soon, Texas Twister returned to the Avengers Compound at a time when Hawkeye was alone, demanding to see the captive demon. Twister declared his love for the demon. Texas Twister went on to explain that the demon had come to him months ago when Twister's powers seemed to be fading, making him afraid that he would lose Shooting Star if their rodeo act broke up on account of his lost powers; the demon offered to augment the Twister's powers in exchange for his soul, the Twister agreed, but after his powers were restored he begged to be spared, so the demon possessed Shooting Star instead, casting a spell that prevented Twister from telling anyone about this. Twister studied the occult; the demon possessed Twister himself and battled Hawkeye and Shooting Star.

Star threatened to kill the demon rather than allow the possession to continue, the demon reluctantly imprisoned itself in a statue. Texas Twister and Shooting Star were reunited; the Rangers next appear as a team towards the end of the Civil War storyline, in which it seems they have been reformed as the state superteam for Texas. The original five members have been joined by Armadillo, a reformed supervillain, as well as Living Lightning, a former Avenger. Armadillo quits and joins the Hood's Crime Syndicate, though it is possible he rejoined the team after several of the villainous members of the team were recruited to pose as heroes in Taskmaster's Initiative; the Rangers next assist in protecting the President from HYDRA's attack. There are injuries but no fatalities. During the Secret Invasion storyline, the Rangers are seen battling a Skrull, impersonating Red Wolf's wolf Lobo, they come into conflict with Kaine alias Scarlet Spider in Houston they joined forces with him to battle a monster made of pure energy.

Firebird - Bonita Juarez is a pyrokinetic and may be immortal. Phantom Rider - Hamilton Slade is the latest Phantom Rider. Red Wolf - William Talltrees imbued with the spiritual legacy of Owayodota. Shooting Star - Victoria Star uses a pair of specially-designed "star shooters". Texas Twister - Drew Daniels has the psychokinetic ability to form tornadoes. Armadillo - Antonio Rodriguez is a mutate given super strength and durability by Karl Malus, he was removed from team for sexually harassing teammate Shooting Star. Living Lightning - Miguel Santos is an electrical manipulator. Fifty-One - Alien telepath. Rangers at Marvel Wiki Rangers at Comic Vine

Canadian Centre for Diversity

The Canadian Centre for Diversity was founded in 1947 to address issues of antisemitism and promote interfaith dialogue. The mandate expanded in subsequent years to focus on addressing issues related to racism, religious discrimination in Canadian society, their primary focus was on providing school programs to educate students on issues related to bullying and discrimination. The CCCJ changed its name in 2008 to the Canadian Centre for Diversity to be more reflective of its broader mandate Over the years, the CCD was responsible for delivering educational initiatives that worked to educate Canadians on the value of inclusion of people from different racial and religious identities. One of their largest initiatives was the March of Hope; the March is a program that takes University and College students to Germany and Poland to witness the historical sites of the genocide of World War II. The March is still run today by the March of the Living Canada. In September 2013, the board of directors of the CCD announced that it was shutting its doors due to a lack of ongoing funding.

Subsequently, CCD announced in January 2014 that they would merge with the Canadian Institute of Diversity and InclusionIn April 2015 the CCD and CIDI changed their name to the Canadian Centre for Diversity and Inclusion