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Black Sox Scandal

The Black Sox Scandal was a Major League Baseball match fixing incident in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox were accused of intentionally losing the 1919 World Series against the Cincinnati Reds in exchange for money from a gambling syndicate led by Arnold Rothstein, Aiden Clayton, Aaron Nelson. The fallout from the scandal resulted in the appointment of Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis as the first Commissioner of Baseball, granting him absolute control over the sport in order to restore its integrity. Despite acquittals in a public trial in 1921, Judge Landis permanently banned all eight men from professional baseball; the punishment was defined by the Baseball Hall of Fame to include banishment from consideration for the Hall. Despite requests for reinstatement in the decades that followed, the ban remains in force. White Sox club owner Charles Comiskey, himself a prominent MLB player from 1882–1894, was disliked by the players and was resented for his miserliness. Comiskey, who as a player had taken part in the Players' League labor rebellion in 1890, long had a reputation for underpaying his players though they were one of the top teams in the league and had won the 1917 World Series.

Because of baseball's reserve clause, any player who refused to accept a contract was prohibited from playing baseball on any other professional team under the auspices of "Organized Baseball." Players could not change teams without permission from their current team, without a union the players had no bargaining power. Comiskey was no worse than most owners. In fact, Chicago had the largest team payroll in 1919. In the era of the reserve clause, gamblers could find players on many teams looking for extra cash—and they did. In addition, the White Sox clubhouse was divided into two factions. One group resented the more straitlaced players, a group that included players like second baseman Eddie Collins, a graduate of Columbia College of Columbia University. By contemporary accounts, the two factions spoke to each other on or off the field, the only thing they had in common was a resentment of Comiskey. A meeting of White Sox players—including those committed to going ahead and those just ready to listen—took place on September 21, in Chick Gandil's room at the Ansonia Hotel in New York City.

Buck Weaver was the only player to attend the meetings. He was banned with the others for knowing about the fix but not reporting it. Although he hardly played in the series, utility infielder Fred McMullin got word of the fix and threatened to report the others unless he was in on the payoff; as a small coincidence, McMullin was a former teammate of William "Sleepy Bill" Burns, who had a minor role in the fix. Both had played for the Los Angeles Angels of the Pacific Coast League, Burns had pitched for the White Sox in 1909 and 1910. Star outfielder Shoeless Joe Jackson was mentioned as a participant but did not attend the meetings, his involvement is disputed; the scheme got an unexpected boost when the straitlaced Faber could not pitch due to a bout with the flu. Years Schalk said that if Faber had been available, the fix would have never happened, since Faber would have certainly started games that went instead to two of the alleged conspirators, pitchers Eddie Cicotte and Lefty Williams.

On October 1, the day of Game One, there were rumors amongst gamblers that the series was fixed, a sudden influx of money being bet on Cincinnati caused the odds against them to fall rapidly. These rumors reached the press box where a number of correspondents, including Hugh Fullerton of the Chicago Herald and Examiner and ex-player and manager Christy Mathewson, resolved to compare notes on any plays and players that they felt were questionable. However, most fans and observers were taking the series at face value. On October 2, the Philadelphia Bulletin published a poem which would prove to be ironic: After throwing a strike with his first pitch of the Series, Cicotte's second pitch struck Cincinnati leadoff hitter Morrie Rath in the back, delivering a pre-arranged signal confirming the players' willingness to go through with the fix. In the fourth inning, Cicotte made a bad throw to Swede Risberg at second base. Sportswriters found the unsuccessful double play to be suspicious. Williams, one of the "Eight Men Out", lost a Series record.

Rookie Dickie Kerr, not part of the fix, won both of his starts. But the gamblers were now reneging on their promised progress payments, claiming that all the money was let out on bets and was in the hands of the bookmakers. After Game 5, angry at non-payment of promised money, the players involved in the fix attempted to doublecross the gamblers, won Games 6 and 7 of the best-of-nine Series. Before Game 8, threats of violence were made on the gamblers' behalf against players and family members. Williams started Game 8, but gave up four straight one-out hits for three runs before manager Kid Gleason relieved him; the White Sox lost Game 8 on October 9, 1919. Besides Weaver, the players involved in the scandal received $5,000 each or more, with Gandil taking $35,000. Rumors of the fix dogged the White Sox throughout the 1920 season as they battled the Cleveland Indians for the American League pennant, stories of corruption touched players on other clubs as well. At last, in September 1920, a grand jury was convened to investigate.

On the eve of their final season series, the White Sox were in a virtual tie for first pla

Shadow Zone (Static-X album)

Shadow Zone is the third album by the band Static-X, released on October 7, 2003. Marked by many personnel and stylistic changes, the album sports a much more melodic sound than any other work in their catalog, while still staying in the confines of their industrial metal and nu metal sound, it was the only album to feature drummer Josh Freese and the first of two albums to feature guitarist Tripp Eisen. In 2002, Static would be contacted by Jonathan Davis of the nu metal band Korn. Davis had signed on to provide the soundtrack for the Queen of the Damned film soundtrack, but due to contract limitations with Sony, was unable to perform the music he had written for the soundtrack; as a remedy of this, Davis contacted a number of metal vocalists, Static included, to sing on the songs he had written. Static provided vocals for one track, "Not Meant for Me", with the Queen of the Damned soundtrack releasing in February 2002. Meanwhile, prior to starting up sessions for a third album, tensions had grown high within the band.

The band found success with their platinum-selling debut album, Wisconsin Death Trip in 1999, but dissatisfaction grew in the band in creating the follow-up, Machine in 2001. With their first album, the band had created it together, led by Static, whereas with the follow-up, the album was written by Static alone. Static had felt anxiety in being able to recreate the success of the first album, resented the band for not helping him work on the second while touring. Concurrently, the rest of the band resented Static for leaving them out of the process when telling him they'd rather focus on touring; the move led original guitarist Koichi Fukuda to leave the band, left the rest of the members upset with Static. Guitarist Tripp Eisen was brought in to replace Fukuda. Work on the album started in early 2002, would span well over a year. Writing sessions began during the last of the band's touring in support of Machine. By March 2002, the band had started their first jam sessions of the new material.

Material would be demoed by the band in Static's home studio in California. However, Static would concede that his early demos sounded different from the album's eventual new direction. Static's contribution to the Queen of the Damned soundtrack would prove to be a turning point for the band; the track, much more melodic than much of the band's music up until that point, would attract the attention of Warner Bros. executive Tom Whalley, who pressured the band as a whole to pursue a melodic sound. Personnel and line-up changes would further alter the band's sound; the label would not allow the band to work again with record producer Ulrich Wild as they had for their prior two albums, instead arranging for them to work with Josh Abraham, a producer known for working with more commercially melodically mainstream bands such as Staind and Velvet Revolver. The album would be the only album to feature Josh Freese of the band A Perfect Circle, on drums. Freese was a last minute addition to recording, after the resignation of drummer Ken Jay, who quit two days before the band was scheduled to enter the studio to start the recording process, due to being unhappy with the direction the album was heading.

All of this would fundamentally change. The album would be the first to feature Eisen's songwriting contributions and performances, a change for the band, since Fukuda had not written material for the band, Static had performed all guitar parts on Machine. Eisen wrote around half of the material for the album, though it was described by him as "a lot of collaborative efforts" between band members. Static enjoyed collaborating with Eisen in the sessions stating that his "punk rock attitude" was refreshing and brought a new approach and sound to the album; the band had amassed over 20 songs by March 2003, with five being revealed by name - "Shadow Zone", "The Only", "New Pain", "Deliver Me", "Breathe". Freese joined the sessions once the band had ironed out which songs were to make the cut. Prior albums employed the use of drum machines with Jay's live cymbals edited in afterwards, whereas for Shadow Zone, the band opted to do the opposite. Freese completed all of his drum parts in three days though he had never heard a single song prior to the sessions.

Static explained his experience with Freese: The dude is just amazing. It changed my life and it changed my perspective on drummers. We played the demo for him twice and he'd take down a couple of notes and we'd run through the songs three times and, it and we'd move onto the next song. We did three or four songs a day and in three days we were done. I got goose bumps on some of the sh-t he was doing; that was why I was willing to change things up and have the drummer come in and be a part of things. Everything kind of changed and went in that different direction." Recording sessions wrapped up by June 2003. While the band was unable to retain Wild as a producer, they were able to secure him for the album's final mixing process. While the album was still described as industrial metal, nu metal, alternative metal, much like the rest of their work, Shadow Zone focused much more on melody than any other album in their catalog. Static's vocal performance on Shadow Zone was compared by journalists as similar to Jonathan Davis of Korn.

Allmusic felt that his vocals on the second single, "So" sounded simil

Ali Hosseinzadeh

Ali Hosseinzadeh is an Iranian composer and songwriter born in Tehran. He started his career with Nima Varasteh and has worked with Iranian singers such as Shahram Kashani and Morteza Pashaei, his collaboration with Shahram Kashani led to the release of a music video by Kheyli Vaghteh with composition and arrangement and lyrics by Ali Hosseinzadeh in 2011. In 2013, Ali Hosseinzadeh recorded Nafas's piece from Morteza Pashaei, he collaborated with many singers, including Payam Salehi and Mehrdad Asemani, on songwriting and composing. He has starred in the Shabe Robah feature film directed by Majid Mozaffari He has composed for children's theater Uncle Pamble's theater was directed by Mehdi Qaleh I, a theater, reflected in the Iranian national media, he was the sixth winner of the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults program for the composer of that theater, he has composed many songs for the likes of Arian Band and Saeed Arab, such as Payam Salehi is a member of the Arian Band.

2010Gerye Dare 2012Hava Sarde 2016Sahme Man Afsaneh Yerooz Miyay 2019Yadet Biar Persian Pop music Music of Iran Official website Ali Hosseinzadeh on IMDb Ali Hosseinzadeh on genius Ali Hosseinzadeh at AllMusic

Samos (town)

Samos is a port town on the island of Samos in Greece. It is the capital of the municipality of Samos, it is known as Kato Vathy, referring to its location below Vathy. In 2011 it had a population of 6,251; the Town of Samos was built in the middle of 18th century as the port of Vathy. At first there were only depots for the necessities of the trade. Samos town was named Kato Vathy or Limenas Vatheos. Current name was given it in 1958. During 19th became the administration centre of the island. At that time, its population increased. After the union of Samos with Greece, Samos town remained the administration centre of the island, as well as it became the capital of the Samos Prefecture and the seat of the local municipality. Samos town is on the coast close to Vathy, its houses are built around the bay. In front of the settlement is the port of Samos with wharf of more than 150 meters length. Notable buildings in Samos are the old churches of Agios Nikolaos and Agios Spiridon, the town hall and the two statues.

5. Visit Samos

Mark Katz (speechwriter)

Mark Katz is an American humorist, speechwriter and humor consultant to politicians and media personalities. Mark Katz was raised in Rockland County, New York; the second son of a suburban orthodontist, he received a B. A. in Government at Cornell University in 1986. From 1981-82, he served as president of the math honor society, Mu Alpha Theta, at Clarkstown High School North. Mark Katz’s career began in journalism: he first worked as a news clerk in the Washington bureau of the New York Times, he worked in politics, serving as a special assistant to U. S. Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan on the “rapid response team” of the Michael Dukakis presidential campaign of 1988. Katz moved from there to work as an advertising copywriter at the Sawyer/Miller Group, Hal Riney & Partners/SF and McCann-Erickson/NY. From 1993-2000, he was a creative consultant to the Democratic National Committee, assisting then-President Bill Clinton with his annual series of humorous speeches to the Washington Press Corps; these speeches were given at, among other places, the White House Correspondents Association, the Gridiron Club, the Alfalfa Club.

Katz has written humorous speeches for then-Vice President Al Gore, James Wolfensohn of the World Bank, Madeleine Albright, Tom Freston, Barbra Streisand. Katz’s humorous essays have been published in Time Magazine, The New Yorker, The Washington Post, Washington Monthly, he has published two books, including one on his experience as the in-house humorist of the Clinton White House. He has appeared on the stage of the HBO Aspen Comedy Festival, he is a frequent storyteller at The Moth, a popular storyteller’s forum based in New York City. He is credited with suggesting the name for the NPR show Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! while trying out as a early panelist. On January 25, 1984, he appeared on the "Stupid Pet Tricks" segment of the Late Show with David Letterman, with Wally, his piano-playing toy poodle. Drawing upon his unusual combination of skills in humor, speechwriting and strategic communications, Mark Katz started The Soundbite Institute in 1993; the Soundbite Institute is a unique creative consulting boutique that applies comic sensibilities to strategic communications for a roster of corporate and political leaders and other high-profile individuals.

"I AM NOT A CORPSE!" & Other Quotes Never Actually Said 978-0440507123 2004 CLINTON & ME: A Real-Life Political Comedy 978-0786869497 Official website of The Soundbite Institute Washington Monthly Article written by Katz Appearances on C-SPAN 92Y blog interview

Alan Taylor (footballer, born 1943)

Alan Taylor is an English former professional footballer. He played as a goalkeeper. Taylor began his professional career with Blackpool in 1963 after joining from local club Blackpool Rangers. Due to the form of Tony Waiters, Taylor didn't make his league debut for Blackpool until 29 January 1966, keeping a clean sheet in a goalless draw with Fulham at Craven Cottage. Another goalless draw followed, this time against Tottenham at Bloomfield Road, before Waiters returned to the fold for the remainder of the 1966–67 season; the following season, 1967–68, Taylor made only two early- one late-season league appearances in Waiters' absence. When Waiters left to become a coach at Liverpool in April 1967, thus missing Blackpool's final six games of the season, manager Stan Mortensen favoured another goalkeeper – Kevin Thomas – for five of the games. Thomas started the first the games of the 1967–68 league season, before Taylor made the number-one jersey his own, appearing between the sticks for Blackpool's remaining 39 league games.

In 1968–69, Taylor made 38 league appearances. He missed four games in late March and early April, at which point Thomas deputised, but he regained his place for the run-in. Under new manager Les Shannon, Taylor made only three league appearances during Blackpool's successful 1969–70 campaign, in which they gained promotion to Division One as runners-up behind Huddersfield Town, he was loaned out to Oldham Athletic during the season. In his final season at Blackpool, 1970–71, Taylor's appearances were again limited: just nine in the league, his final appearance for Blackpool occurred on 17 April 1971, in a 3–2 home defeat to Nottingham Forest. He was loaned out to Stockport County during the season. Taylor signed for Southport in 1971, he finished his career with the Sandgrounders. Alan Taylor at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database Calley, Roy. Blackpool: A Complete Record 1887-1992. Breedon Books Sport. ISBN 1-873626-07-X