Blasket Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Blasket Islands
Native name:
Na Blascaodaí
Dunmore-Head-and-Blasket-Islands.JPG
Blasket Islands as seen from Dunmore Head
Blasket Islands.png
Location map of the Blasket Islands
Geography
LocationAtlantic Ocean
Total islands6
Major islands
Administration
CountyKerry
Demographics
Population0 (2011)

The Blasket Islands (Na Blascaodaí in Irish) are an uninhabited group of islands off the west coast of Ireland, forming part of County Kerry. Abandoned in 1954 due to population decline, the islands are today best known from the story telling of Peig Sayers, and former Taoiseach Charles Haughey's purchase of Inishvickillane in the 1980s.

History[edit]

The boat landing on the mainland near Dunquin, from where boats leave for the islands

The islands were inhabited until 1953 by a completely Irish-speaking population and today are part of the Gaeltacht. At its peak, the islands had 175 residents; the population declined to 22 by 1953. The government evacuated the remaining residents to the mainland on 17 November 1953 because of increasingly extreme weather that left the island cut off from emergency services;[1] the evacuation was seen as necessary by both the Islanders and the government.[2]

A few members of the diaspora of the Blasket Islands have reportedly taken residence in Springfield, Massachusetts. [3][not in citation given]. Other former residents still live on the Dingle Peninsula, within sight of their former home.

The islanders were the subject of much anthropological and linguistic study around the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries particularly from writers and linguists such as Robin Flower, George Derwent Thomson and Kenneth H. Jackson. Thanks to their encouragement and that of others, a number of books were written by islanders that record much of the islands' traditions and way of life; these include An tOileánach (The Islandman) by Tomás Ó Criomhthain, Peig by Peig Sayers and Fiche Blian ag Fás (Twenty Years A-Growing) by Muiris Ó Súilleabháin.

The Blasket Islands have erroneously been called Next Parish America,[1] based on the idea that the next parish west of the islands would be the United States. In fact, the next Roman Catholic parish west of the Blasket Islands is St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.

Panorama of the Blasket Islands against the afternoon sun

Geography[edit]

The six principal islands of the Blaskets are:

Modern transport[edit]

There is a ferry service that calls only to the Great Blasket and sails from Dunquin;[4] this ferry service is mainly for day-trippers. People can also camp on the island overnight. Passengers are transferred to a RIB (rigid inflatable boat) once the ferry gets close to the island, as there are no adequate landing facilities for a larger vessel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Stagles, Joan and Ray, The Blasket Islands: Next Parish America. Dublin: O'Brien Press, 1980 (new edn. 1998).
  2. ^ Sheila Langan, "On This Day: The Blasket Islands evacuation of 1953", Irish Central, Nov 17, 2018, retrieved Dec 11, 2018
  3. ^ Flynn, Anne-Gerard (4 September 2015). "Irish president's tribute read at Blasket islander Michael Carney's Springfield funeral". Springfield Republican. Springfield, MA. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  4. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°05′21″N 10°32′49″W / 52.08917°N 10.54694°W / 52.08917; -10.54694