Block U

The Block U is a large concrete hillside letter on Mount Van Cott in Salt Lake City, Utah. The stylized "U" is a logo of the University of Utah and is located just north of the university’s campus, it is one of the earliest hillside letters. It sits at 1,600 metres above sea level. Lights outlining the Block U flash when athletic teams from the University of Utah win and burn steady when they are defeated; the official name is the “Block U” and is a registered trademark of the University of Utah. The history of the Block U begins at the turn of the twentieth century; each year, as an unofficial activity, students of the University of Utah would climb “The Hill” and paint their class year on the mountainside. The administration felt. In 1907 the block U was built with limestone; the U has a surface area of over 455 square meters. It can be seen from many different areas of the Salt Lake Valley, it was modified in 1967 to include 124 lights. By 2001 the Block U had fallen into a constant state of disrepair.

Despite several attempted maintenance by students it was not sustainable without a more thorough renovation. In 2006, the University of Utah completed a $400,000 restoration project known as "Renew the U". Sue Christensen, a University of Utah alumnus, initiated the restoration project; these improvements include: New lights. The controls are located in the Merrill Engineering building. Two hundred and forty flush-mounted light fixtures that will alternate white. A dimmer feature that allows lights to flash at lower intensities. A diversion barrier above the structure and a drainage system to aide runoff and stop erosion. After the renovation, an official lighting ceremony was held on October 5, 2006 during the half time of the football game between Utah and TCU at Rice-Eccles Stadium; the Block U has a physical address of 1635 New Bedford Dr, Salt Lake City, Utah 84103. The official trailhead is located at the end of Tomahawk Dr, Salt Lake City, Utah 84103. Y Mountain Media related to Block U at Wikimedia Commons

Global Corruption Barometer

The Global Corruption Barometer published by Transparency International is the largest survey in the world tracking public opinion on corruption. It surveys 114,000 people in 107 countries on their view of corruption. People in 107 countries have been surveyed whether they have paid a bribe to a public body during the last year; the margin of error for each country is 3%. The typical sample size is 1,000 people. Four countries – Cyprus, Luxembourg and Solomon Islands – have a sample size of 500 people and a margin of error of 4%. Unlike the other similar Corruption Perception Index published by Transparency International, this is a survey directly asking the population instead of using "perceived expert opinions", liable to substantial bias and has been under criticism as such. In a 2013 article in Foreign Policy, Alex Cobham argued that the CPI embeds a powerful and misleading elite bias in popular perceptions of corruption contributing to a vicious cycle and at the same time incentivizing inappropriate policy responses.

Cobham resumes: "the index corrupts perceptions to the extent that it's hard to see a justification for its continuing publication". Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index OECD Anti-Bribery Convention United Nations Convention against Corruption Official website

Portugal at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Portugal competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, People's Republic of China. It was the nation's twenty-second consecutive appearance at the Olympics; the Olympic Committee of Portugal was represented by a delegation of 129 people, of which 77 were competitors participating in 16 sports. Nelson Évora, the 2007 triple jump world champion, was chosen as the flag bearer during the opening ceremony. A single male archer secured qualification by winning the individual competition at the Final World Qualification Tournament, in Boé, France; as in previous editions, the Portuguese Olympic team's biggest share of competitors will compete in athletics events. Twenty-seven athletes will perform in a wide range of track and field disciplines, including the long-distance events, where Portugal holds its best record, but the more technical events, where national athletes have achieved international-level results in the build-up to the Beijing Games. Notable male athletes include the 2004 Olympic 100 metres silver medalist, Francis Obikwelu, the 2007 triple jump world champion, Nelson Évora.

Susana Feitor—bronze in the 20 km walk at the 2005 World Championships—and Naide Gomes—2008 world and 2007 European indoor long jump champion—are featured among the women's contingent. KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsWomen Track & road eventsField events Marco Vasconcelos qualified for his third consecutive Olympic Games in virtue of a 64th place in the Badminton World Federation men's ranking list, which allowed him to be the 32nd qualified player in a total of 41 individual players. For the first time, women's national badminton will be represented at the Olympics, thanks to the 59th place of Ana Moura in the BWF women's ranking, which converted her in the 31st qualified player from a total of 47 individual players.

Having reached the K-1 1000 metres final and the K-1 500 metres semifinal in his first Olympic appearance, in 2004, Emanuel Silva will be participating in the same two events, in Beijing. Portugal will be represented in the women's kayak events for the first time, with Teresa Portela and the pair Beatriz Gomes and Helena Rodrigues in the 500 metres distance. All competitors were granted qualification by allocation of spare athlete quota places. Qualification Legend: QS = Qualify to semi-final. A quota place was available for the men's time trial event; the national cycling federation chose to send 2004 Olympic silver medalist Sérgio Paulinho together with André Cardoso and Nuno Ribeiro. However, just five days before the road race event, it was announced that Paulinho would not compete in Beijing due to asthma problems, that he would not be replaced by another rider. Three horse riders qualified for the individual dressage competition—hence for the team competition, as well—, by benefiting from Switzerland's decision of not competing in the dressage events, but from allocation of unused quota places.

Daniel Pinto returns to the Olympic Games after his debut in Sydney 2000, while his brother Carlos Pinto will make his first Olympic appearance. For the second time, since Rome 1960, Portugal qualified a female fencer for the individual foil competition. Débora Nogueira secured her place in Beijing by coming second in the European qualification tournament, held in Lisbon, she is joined by Joaquim Videira, a silver medalist in the men's individual épée at the 2006 World Fencing Championships, who qualified in virtue of his third place in the FIE individual adjusted official ranking. MenWomen Portugal had qualified two places in trampoline gymnastics. In the wake of Nuno Delgado's bronze medal in 2000, the national judo scene developed and new stars emerged, achieving international results of credit. Among notable judokas competing in Beijing are 2008 under-81 kg European champion, João Neto, two-time under-52 kg European champion and 2007 World Judo Championships runner-up, Telma Monteiro. MenWomen A national crew achieved qualification for the men's lightweight double sculls event, by reaching second place in the Final Olympic Qualification Regatta, held in Poznań.

MenQualification Legend: FA=Final A. Notable sailors include three-time European champion, João Rodrigues. MenOpenM = Medal race. João Costa returns to the Olympics to compete in the same two events where he debuted in 2000. Manuel Silva makes an Olympic comeback, in the trap event, sixteen years later. Both qualified as 2006